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Guido Adler

Divisions of Western Church Music up to 1600), was

reprinted in Allgemeine Musikzeitung.

1.2 A pioneer of musicology

In 1883 Adler became lecturer in musicology at University of Vienna, on which occasion he wrote Eine
Studie zur Geschichte der Harmonie (An Essay on the History of Harmony), published in the "Sitzungsberichte der
Philosophisch-Historischen Klasse der Wiener Academie
der Wissenschaften", 1881.
In 1884 he founded (with Friedrich Chrysander and
Philipp Spitta) the Vierteljahresschrift fr Musikwissenschaft (Musicology Quarterly). Adler provided the rst
article of the rst issue, Umfang, Methode und Ziel der
Musikwissenschaft (The Scope, Method, and Aim of
Musicology, 1885), which not only constitutes the rst
attempt at a comprehensive description of the study of
music, but also famously divides the discipline into two
subdisciplines, historische Musikwissenschaft (historical
musicology) and systematische Musikwissenschaft (systematic musicology). In Adlers article, systematic muGuido Adler
sicology included Musikologie or vergleichende MusikGuido Adler (1 November 1855, Ivanice (Eiben- wissenschaft (comparative musicology), which later beschtz), Moravia 15 February 1941, Vienna)[1] was a came an independent discipline (cf. ethnomusicology).
Although these subelds do not exactly line up with
Bohemian-Austrian musicologist and writer.
current practice, they are roughly maintained in modern European musicology and roughly correspond to the
North American the division of musicology into music
1 Biography
history (often called musicology), music theory, and


Early life and education

In 1885 he was called to the newly established German

University of Prague, Bohemia, as ordinary professor of
the history and theory of music, and in 1898, in the
same capacity, to the University of Vienna, where he succeeded Eduard Hanslick. His students at the Musikwissenschaftliches Institut included Anton Webern and composer Karel Navrtil.

His father Joachim, a physician, died of typhoid fever in

1857. Joachim contracted the illness from a patient, and
therefore told his wife Franciska to never allow any of
the children to become a doctor.[2]
Adler studied at the University of Vienna and at the
same time (1868-1874) the Vienna Conservatory of
Music (where he studied piano (main subject) and music
theory and composition under Anton Bruckner and Otto
Desso). He received an arts diploma from the conservatory in 1874. In 1878, he graduated from University of
Vienna as doctor of jurisprudence, and in 1880 as doctor of philosophy. His dissertation, Die Grundklassen der
Christlich-Abendlndischen Musik bis 1600 (The Chief

In 1886 he published Die Wiederholung und Nachahmung

in der Mehrstimmigkeit; in 1888, Ein Satz eines Unbekannten Beethovenischen Klavierkoncerts. In 1892-93 he
edited a selection of musical compositions of the Emperors Ferdinand III, Leopold I, and Joseph I (two vols.).[4]
Between 1894 and 1938 he was editor of Denkmler der
Tonkunst in sterreich, a seminal publication in music


Adler was one of the founders of musicology as a discipline (Musikwissenschaft). He was also among the rst
scholars in music to recognize the relevance of sociocultural factors to music (Musiksoziologie), thereby providing a broader context for aesthetic criticism which, with
biography, had been the primary focus of 19th century
music scholarship. Empirical study was for him the most
important part of the discipline. His own emphasis was
on the music of Austria, specically the music of the First
Viennese School: Haydn, Mozart and their contemporaries.

Adler, Guido (1885). Umfang, Methode und
Ziel der Musikwissenschaft. Vierteljahresschrift fr
Musikwissenschaft, 1, 5-20.

[1] Randel, Don Michael, ed. (1996). Adler, Guido. The

Harvard biographical dictionary of music. Cambridge,
Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard Univ. Press. p. 5. ISBN
[2] Adler, Tom, and Anika Scott. Lost to the World. 1st ed.
USA: XLibris, 2003.
[3] Erica Mugglestone, Guido Adlers 'The Scope, Method,
and Aim of Musicology' (1885): An English Translation
with an Historico-Analytical Commentary, Yearbook for
Traditional Music vol. 13 (1981), 1-21.
[4] Adler, Guido (1892). Musikalishe Werke der Kaiser Ferdinand III., Leopold I., and Joseph I.,. Vienna, Austria:
Antaria & Company.

This article incorporates text from a publication

now in the public domain: Jewish Encyclopedia.

External links
Guido Adler
Viennese School - ADLER, GUIDO: at
Hugo Riemann, Musik-Lexikon, 1899


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