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MSC.

Software Confidential

MSC.Nastran in a Nutshell

MSC.Software Confidential

Orientation
What is my job?
Stress
Dynamics
Loads
Designer
Structural Analyst
Fatigue & Fracture

Product Development Specialist!

MSC.Software Confidential

Orientation: What is my job?


For your given part/product you decide:
Will it break?
Will it flex too much?
Will it hold together?
Can I make it lighter/
stronger/ better?

Does this product do what it is supposed to do?

MSC.Software Confidential

Where does simulation fit in?


Performance Simulation: How will this part perform?
Will it break? (stress)
Will it flex too much? (deflections)
Will it hold together? (loads)
Can I make it lighter/stronger/better? (optimization)

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Simulation Cans and Cants

Cans

Can'ts

What are the stress levels"

Answer Will it break, yes or no?"

How much your part


moves"

Answer Is this too much (y/n)?"

What sort of loads are


carried"

Answer Will it hold together (y/n)?"

How to make it lighter/


stronger"

Answer Is this the best?"

Tools cannot make judgments"

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What do I need simulation to do?


Fast, accurate analysis of expected performance
Reliable information upon which to answer the
question:

Did I make this product perform?

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Execution: How do I
What do I need to do simulation?

Input (raw materials):"


Geometry"
Properties"
Materials"
Loads"
Boundary Conditions"

Output (finished product):"


Displacements"
Stresses"
Strains"
Forces"
Reactions"

MSC.Software Confidential

Basic Theory of FEA


I cant easily figure out how a complex piece of
structure will behave under loading

But I CAN figure out how a simple piece of structure


will behave

MSC.Software Confidential

Basic Theory of FEA


Therefore if I put enough of these simple pieces
together, I can figure out how a complex piece of
structure will behave!!!

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Typical path through FEA


Input Deck"

CAD"
Pre-/Post-

Solver
Results"

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How an Analyst sees FEA (Past)

Input Deck"

CAD"
Pre-/Post-"

Solver
Results"

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NASTRAN Analysis Capabilities


Linear Statics (SOL 101)
0D 1D 2D 3D elements
Plane Stress
Plane Strain
Axisymmetric
Composites
Substructures
Force
Pressure
Temperature
Displacement
Force
Stress
Strain

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NASTRAN Analysis Capabilities


Normal Modes (SOL 103)
Natural Frequency Calculation

Response Spectra Analysis

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NASTRAN Analysis Capabilities


Linear Buckling (SOL 105)
Linear Instabilities
Euler Buckling
Lateral Buckling
Bifurcation

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NASTRAN Analysis Capabilities


Complex Eigenvalue (SOL 107/110)
Unsymmetric Matrices
Rotor Dynamics
Acoustic Analysis
Stability

m1

m2

K1

C2

K2

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NASTRAN Analysis Capabilities


Frequency Response (SOL 108/111)
compute structural response to steady-state oscillatory excitation.
rotating machinery
unbalanced tires
helicopter blades
Shaker table simulation

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NASTRAN Analysis Capabilities


Frequency Response (SOL 108/111)
Random Analysis
Launch Environment
Earthquake Loading

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NASTRAN Analysis Capabilities


Transient Response (SOL 109/112)
Compute a response to a time-varying input {P(t)}
Acceleration Vs Time

Car suspension going over a speed bump


Aircraft landing event
Drop test

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NASTRAN Analysis Capabilities


Cyclic Symmetry
Static (SOL 114)
Normal Modes (SOL 115)
Buckling (SOL 116)
Frequency Response (SOL 118)
Cyclic
27x
Symmetry

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NASTRAN Analysis Capabilities


Nonlinear
F

Static (SOL 106)


Transient (SOL 129)
Implicit (SOL 600)

Load

Linear
Behavior

Nonlinear
Behavior

F
u

Displacement

Stress

Linear
Behavior



PLASTIC

Nonlinear
Behavior

F

Yield Pt.

Strain

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NASTRAN Analysis Capabilities


Aeroelastics
Static (SOL 144)
Flutter (SOL 145)
Dynamic(SOL 146)

Rigid Wing"
Lift"

Flexible
Wing"

Spanwise Distance" y

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NASTRAN Analysis Capabilities


Heat Transfer
Conduction, Convection, Radiation, Advection
Static (SOL 153)
Transient (SOL 159)

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NASTRAN Analysis Capabilities


Optimization (SOL 200)
Sizing and shape optimization
Automated model updates
Design variables :

tinit

Material properties (E, nu, rho, etc)


Element properties (I, J, Area, t, etc)
Connectivity properties (orientation,
mass, etc)
Grid locations (shape optimization)

Design constraints and responses :

topti
m

Shapeinit

Shapeopt

Stress limit
Frequency
Displacement

Objective :
Minimize weight
Maximize payload
Minimize Error Function (test/
analysis)

October 7, 2012

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3rd party without MSC.Software written agreement .

MSC.Software Confidential

Topology optimization
Engine mount example

73K Grids
63K Solids
14 Subcases

Optimization progression

Objective: Min Compliance


Constraint: Fraction Mass
Manufacturing: Casting Constraint
After smoothing
October 7, 2012

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3rd party without MSC.Software written agreement .

MSC.Software Confidential

Topometry optimization
Optimized Thickness Distribution

Free sizing optimization


Re-resizing on each element
individually and produce a design
material distribution over a design
region

Topography optimization

Conventional Design
October 7, 2012

Topography Design

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3rd party without MSC.Software written agreement .

MSC.Software Confidential

NASTRAN Analysis Capabilities SOL 400

SOL 106

Marc

NL Statics

Components

SOL 400

SOL 153

Implicit
NonLinear

Static Heat

SOL 159
Trans Heat

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SOL 129
NL Trans

Large RB
Kinematics

MSC.Software Confidential

What is SOL 400


Advanced Integrated
Nonlinear
MD Architecture enabled
Utilize "native" Nastran
elements
No translation required

Combine static & transient in


one analysis
Pre-stress, transient event, steady-state residual
Multiple, independent loadcases in 1 run

Use general 3-D contact capability


Solid-to-solid, surface-to-surface, edge-to-edge

Go beyond small-strain element limitations


Large strain elements / materials (shells, solids)
CQUADR / CTRIAR nonlinear capabilities

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MSC.Software Confidential

What could you do if you


Make assemblies with dis-similar meshes?
Could use these assemblies (all) linear analysis?

Model bolted / riveted joints


instead of assuming them?

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MSC.Software Confidential

Contact in Linear & Nonlinear Solutions

MD Architecture enabled

Marc contact service


General multi-body 2D & 3D
contact
Deformable & rigid bodies
Touching & Glued contact
Contact with friction

Glued Contact for Dissimilar


meshes
Faster model building
Reduced synchronization effort
Frees meshing specialists to work
on difficult problems

Full contact (statics)

Glued contact (all linear solns)

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MSC.Software Confidential

NASTRAN Analysis Capabilities SOL 700


e.g. Heavy
falling
object

SOL700
Glued and touching contact
Material plasticity, strain rate
dependency, etc
Transient dynamic solution

07/10/2012

MSC.Software Confidential

GRID

ID

CP

X1

Input (raw materials):"


Geometry"
Properties"
Materials"
Loads"
Boundary Conditions"

X2

X3

CD

Output (finishedNASTRAN
product):"
Displacements" FMS
Exec
Case Control
Stresses"
Strains"
Forces"
Bulk Data
Reactions"

Thank You !

07/10/2012

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MSC.Software Confidential

GRID

ID

CP

X1

X2

X3

CD

NASTRAN
FMS
Exec
Case Control

Bulk Data

07/10/2012

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