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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2)


GLACIER LAr Tank Design
Roger Collins
LAGUNA LBNO General Meeting
February 25th 27th 2013
DESY, Hamburg

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


DELIVERABLE 2.2 - CHAPTER 3 CONTENTS LIST
3. GLACIER EXPERIMENT - LIQUID ARGON TANK DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION
3.1

Technical Overview

3.2

Design of Baseline Liquid Argon Tanks

3.3

Design of Membrane Liquid Argon Tank

3.4

Manufacture of Components & Transport to Site

3.5

Construction of Foundation and Tank

3.6

Initial Commissioning

3.7

Construction Plans Discussed separately

Not covered in detail in this presentation due to time constraints


Please refer to Draft Deliverable Document
2

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.1 Technical Overview
3.1.1

References

3.1.2

Philosophy of the Incremental Approach

3.1.3

Steel/Steel Baseline Tanks

3.1.4

Alternative Materials

3.1.5

Membrane Tanks

3.1.6

Alternative Shape Membrane Tanks

3.1.7

Technical Comparison of Baseline & Membrane Tanks

3.1.8

Technical Recommendation for LAr Tank Option(s)

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.1 Technical Overview
3.1.1 References

(1)

C741-00-505 - Feasibility Study for LAGUNA Tank Engineering, Technodyne


Final Report for GLACIER, LENA & MEMPHYS Tanks, May 2010

(2)

API620 - Design and Construction of Large, Welded, Low-Pressure Storage


Tanks

(3)

EN14620 - Design and Manufacture of Site Built, Vertical, Cylindrical, FlatBottomed Steel Tanks for the Storage of Refrigerated, Liquefied Gases with
Operating Temperatures between 0 degrees C and -165 degrees C

(4)

Technodyne Presentation, GLA 2011, Helsinki, Finland, June 2011

(5)

Description of Specifications - LAr @ Pyhsalmi, Rockplan, LAGUNA LBNO


General Meeting, Paris, March 2012

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.1 Technical Overview
3.1.2 Philosophy of the Incremental Approach (from KOM in Geneva)

Phase 1 20 ktonne LAr Experiment @ 1400m

Phase 2 Add 50 ktonne LAr Experiment @ 1400m

Phase 3 Replace first 20 ktonne LAr Experiment by 50ktonne LAr Experiment

New 20ktonne & 50ktonne LAr tank designs to be developed

Develop the 100 ktonne LAr tank design to an equivalent level of detail
Establish baseline designs
Alternative materials of construction
Membrane tanks
Alternative shape tanks
5

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.1 Technical Overview
3.1.3 Steel/Steel Baseline Tanks
Rockplan
Description of
Specifications
(Reference 5)

The Baseline Designs are defined as ASTM A240 316 stainless steel inner, S275J
carbon steel outer, Single Containment, Double Metal Wall (Steel/Steel) Tanks with a
special insulated metal roof/deck structure (as outlined in Technodyne GLA 2011
Presentation, Reference 4).

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.1 Technical Overview
3.1.4 Alternative Materials (Options for Steel/Steel Baseline Tanks)
Inner Tank

ASTM A553 Type 1, 9% Ni Base + A240 316 Lining Roll-Bonded Clad Plate

ASTM A553 Type 1, 9% Ni Steel


100 ktonne
Inner A240 Inner A553
316
Type 1
Inner tank shell total mass

2,300

1,670

50 ktonne
Inner A240 Inner A553
316
Type 1
1,230

800

20 ktonne
Inner A240 Inner A553
316
Type 1
605

385

Outer Tank

ASTM A240 316

ASTM A553 Type 1, 9% Ni Steel


7

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.1 Technical Overview
3.1.5 Membrane Tanks

Land Storage (GST)

LNG Carrier (MkIII LNGC)

A combination of Land Storage (GST) technology and LNG Carrier (Mk III LNGC)
technology is recommended by GTT for the specific requirements of the GLACIER LAr
Membrane Tank
8

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.1 Technical Overview
3.1.6 Alternative Shape Membrane Tanks

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.1 Technical Overview
3.1.7 Comparison of Membrane & Baseline Tanks
For conventional LNG tanks:

For the LAGUNA LBNO LAr tanks, the comparison was more complex:

Specific scientific requirements & underground environment to be considered


Important elements of the tank design, construction and operation to be
reviewed against potential performance, risk and quality assurance issues
10

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.1 Technical Overview
3.1.8 Comparison of Membrane & Baseline Tanks
Element

Performance
Membrane Tank

Risks
Base Line Tank

Containment

Membrane containment
Single containment, optionally
(Considered safer than double
double containment can be
containment, membrane shall be
considered.
liquid and gas tight in case of leakage
of the primary container)

Materials - primary
containment

1.2mm thick gr. 316 stainless steel


used throughout - standard proven
technology

Materials -secondary
containment
Thermal protection
system (only required
for concrete tanks)

Materials - insulation

Roof - Tank Deck

Nozzles

Shell thickness different for each


course. Bottom course 62mm thick gr.
316 stainless steel - materials
themselves proven technology
however, thickness is unusual for this
vessel type

Construction schedule

Construction method

Constructability
underground
Internal scaffolding

Cavern cranes

Detector construction
Detector interface

Tank access

Monitoring for tank


leakage

Base Line Tank


Design based on standard bottom and
shell design, special flat roof design
for GLACIER departs from
conventional cryogenic land storage
tanks which have dome roof and
suspended deck
Material thickness may limit available
supply chain for manufacture and
fabrication

Standard thickness and standard


panel design, special pitch of
corrugation to match detector
(elements made at pre-fabrication
stage using the same standard
equipment than the LNGCs or Land
storages)
Post tensioned concrete outer shell Carbon steel outer shell for Single
Concrete tank designed for liquid and Carbon steel outer tank only designed
containment, 9%Ni for Double
vapour containment in the event of to support insulation material
containment.
membrane leakage
Integrated in prefabricated insulating Only required for concrete steel tanks Element supplied by approved
N/A
element
to protect the lower corner of the
suppliers.
concrete tank.

Quality Assurance
Membrane Tank
Base Line Tank
Quality maintained throughout
construction by rigorous inspection
procedures

Quality maintained throughout


construction by rigorous inspection
procedures

Membrane panels supplied by


approved suppliers and inspected
during manufacture. All corrugated
membrane sheets with overlap
(30mm) and fillet welds. Single pass
automatic welding.

Shell plates to be formed and weld


preps added before use underground.
Multiple inspection procedures
during construction.

Outer tank fully tested by hydro test

Outer tank not tested

Element tested by sound and global


tests before completion of insulation
(each erection tack is controled
during the construction before
starting the next one). The objective
is to avoid the risk of simultaneous
failure during final
tests/commissioning.
Insulation panels of proven
Foamglas blocks for bottom, perlite Insulation material proven
Insulation material proven
Insulating panels supplied by
technology, special thickness for
fill for annular space, standard proven technology, modular construction
technology, bulk perlite, multiple
approved suppliers and inspected
GLACIER application
technology, Foamglas blocks for roof using standard panel sizes
small foamglas blocks
during manufacture. Quality
insulation special for GLACIER
maintained throughout construction
by rigorous inspection procedures
Deck structure outside, insulation
Deck structure inside, insulation
Roof design similar in concept to LNG Very unusual roof design as compared Quality maintained throughout
inside. Allows more flexibility to
outside. Location of detector relative carriers but using space frame (as for with conventional LNG tanks due to construction by rigorous inspection
optimise liquid/vapour ratio & hence to structure less flexible
the double hull of the LNGCs,
access requirements
procedures
liquid level and detector interface
possibility to use carbon steel for a
large part of this element)

Instrumentation nozzle design to


utilise previous ETHZ proven
technology, to be developed for
multiple nozzle application
Manual multi-pass welding.
Automated machine welding requires
specific testing to confirm
compatibility.
Primary containment
Membrane panel automatic welding Tank can be hydro tested post
inspection
is visually inspected, then every weld construction, pre final clean and
is subjected to ammonia leak test.
detector installation. Full height test
will not simulate argon fill condition
due to density of product. To
complete test, inner vessel
construction opening must be sealed
and then re-opended for detector
installation. This portion on shell
only effectively tested by NDE
examination.
Secondary containment Outer tank only is filled with water
Outer tank not pressure tested since
pressure test
for hydro test. Full height test will
it is designed to support insulation
not simulate argon fill condition due only
to density of product. Inner
membrane is not pressure tested
until filled with argon (the membrane
is design only to be liquid and gas
tight. The insulation panels are
designed to withstand hydrostatic
loads).
Construction damage
Tank floor will require protection
Tank floor will require protection
during construction of tank and
during construction. Flat plate floor
detector. Corrugations in primary
possibly makes protection simpler
containment could increase
complexity of protection method.
Cleanliness
Primary containment liner delivered Steel delivered to site in mill
to site coated with removable plastic condition, however additional offmembrane. Soft plasma weld system site treatment could be specified at
clean and consistent. Inherently
additional cost. Weld system not as
clean processes as standard
inherently as clean as Soft plasma or
laser welding.
Tank component part All membrane panels common
Many different material thicknesses
size & mass
thickness, standard panel sizes.
and sizes
Insulation panels colour coded for
each shell height location
Welding

Membrane Tank
Design combines existing land
storage and LNG carrier technology
for the GLACIER application, both
proven technology.

Instrumentation nozzle design to


utilise previous ETHZ proven
technology, to be developed for
multiple nozzle appliaction
Automated single pass Soft Plasma
welding - standard proven
technology.

N/A

Quality maintained throughout


construction by rigorous inspection
procedures

Quality maintained throughout


construction by rigorous inspection
procedures

Multiple nozzles increase risk of


vapour leakage

Multiple nozzles increase risk of


vapour leakage

Membrane technology incorporates Nozzle welds inspected during


operational leak detection system in construction
insulation space as proven technology

Minimal risk of poor weld quality.

Ammonia and global tests determines


integrity of primary containment.
Any porosity or poor welds rectified.
NDE of materials and sample welds.
Quality maintained throughout
construction by rigorous inspection
procedures. Primary insulation space
integrity is also checked by global
test. Furthermore, during scaffolding
dismantling, a vaccum is created in
this space (and recorded) to control
any damage caused during this
operation.

Radiographic and DPI examination of


all inner shell welds in accordance
with code.

Existing Technology.

Manual welding is time consuming.


Significant number of passes.
Significant number of inspection
stages.
Existing technology.

Existing technology.

Existing technology.

Quality maintained throughout


construction by rigorous inspection
procedures

Quality maintained throughout


construction by rigorous inspection
procedures

Quality maintained throughout


construction by rigorous inspection
procedures (already applied on
LNGCs)

Quality maintained throughout


construction by rigorous inspection
procedures

Roof construction and requirement


Roof construction and heavy shell
for full internal scaffold during
plate lifting are biggest risks.
construction. However, this is proven
technology for LNG carriers.

Assume that some form of


Very heavy welding required creating Cleanliness is already a feature of
electropolishing may be requried but cleanliness issues. Assume that
LNG carrier construction, proven
this could be considered before
considerable cleaning and
inspection & QA procedures
installation.
electropolishing will be requried.

Part sizes (mainly 3m x 1m) and


Part sizes and masses specifically
masses within cavern access limits as reduced for GLACIER application,
standard
hence more welding than a
conventional surface LNG tank.
Thickest shell plates will be difficult
to process, limited supply chain
availability
Concrete tank & foundation
Foundation only independent of tank Land storage & LNG carrier
Heavy welding & inspection tasks
construction independent of
construction.
construction schedule known.
require tests to define construction
membrane & insulation
times. Current construction schedule
based on extrapolated durations of
above ground LNG tank construction
with much thinner plate thicknesses.
Construction methodology to be
Construction methodology based on Known technology, minimal risk.
New technology for GLACIER
based on combination of existing land conventional LNG tanks plus new
Supplier provides documentation
application requires development
storage and existing LNG carrier
concepts for GLACIER application.
with guidelines for this element.
using prototype.
experience.
Membrane component sizes appear Large heavy components, different
Existing technology for land storage, New features for GLACIER application.
ideally suited to logistics of
sizes, shapes and materials.
similar logistics to LNG carrier
Smaller parts, more fabrication and
underground application.
construction.
inspection.
Required for installation of
Required for cleaning plus installation Existing technology. Supplier
New features for GLACIER application.
membrane and insulation panels,
of detector.
provides documentation with
plus cleaning plus detector
guidelines for this element.
Required for construction of outer
Required for construction of inner
Cavern crane replaces tower cranes
Cavern crane replaces tower cranes
tank shell
and outer tank shells and roof
normally used for surface
normally used for surface
construction. Roof construction crane construction. Roof construction crane
type still to be finalised.
type still to be finalised.
Detector to be constructed at base
Detector to be constructed at base
New features for GLACIER application. New features for GLACIER application.
using TCO for delivery of parts.
using TCO for delivery of parts.
Support & elevation control of
Support & elevation control of
New features for GLACIER application. New features for GLACIER application.
detector from deck structure. Bottom detector from deck structure. Bottom
mounted PMTs attached to strong
mounted PMTs attached to strong
points on tank floor.
points on tank floor.
Temporary construction opening and Temporary construction opening and Existing technology. Supplier
Existing technology.
deck hatch options available.
deck hatch options available.
provides documentation with
guidelines for this element.
Integral part of Membrane technology Temperature measurement in the
Additional safety feature.
Not available.
within tank.
annular space.

Quality maintained throughout


construction by rigorous inspection
procedures

Not a primary concern for


conventional LNG tanks but could be
achieved with an additional cost
impact.

Quality maintained throughout


construction by rigorous inspection
procedures

Quality maintained throughout


construction by rigorous inspection
procedures

Separation of civil construction and


membrane installation seen as
advantageous to minimise possible
schedule delays.

Complex interaction of installation &


inspection tasks.

Quality maintained throughout


construction by rigorous inspection
procedures.

Quality maintained throughout


construction by rigorous inspection
procedures

Quality maintained throughout


construction by rigorous inspection
procedures
Quality maintained throughout
construction by rigorous inspection
procedures
Quality maintained throughout
construction by rigorous inspection
procedures

Quality maintained throughout


construction by rigorous inspection
procedures
Quality maintained throughout
construction by rigorous inspection
procedures
Quality maintained throughout
construction by rigorous inspection
procedures

Concepts to be developed on CERN


prototype.
Concepts to be developed on CERN
prototype.

Concepts to be developed on CERN


prototype.
Concepts to be developed on CERN
prototype.

Quality maintained throughout


construction by rigorous inspection
procedures
Quality maintained throughout
construction by rigorous inspection
procedures

Quality maintained throughout


construction by rigorous inspection
procedures
Not available.

Element
Containment
Materials - primary containment
Materials -secondary containment
Thermal protection system
Materials - insulation
Roof - Tank Deck
Nozzles
Welding
Primary containment inspection
Secondary containment pressure test
Construction damage
Cleanliness
Tank component part size & mass
Construction schedule
Construction method
Constructability underground
Internal scaffolding
Cavern cranes
Detector construction
Detector interface
Tank access
Monitoring for tank leakage

Summary

Performance
Risks
Quality Assurance
Membrane Base Line Membrane Base Line Membrane Base Line
Tank
Tank
Tank
Tank
Tank
Tank
+
+

+
+
+

+
+
+

+
+
+
+
+

+
+
+
+
+
+

+
+

+
+
+

+
+

+12
-9
+12
-9
+7
0
Membrane Base Line Membrane Base Line Membrane Base Line
Tank
Tank
Tank
Tank
Tank
Tank

11

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.1 Technical Overview
3.1.9 Technical Recommendation for LAr Tank Option

Based on the overall result of the Technical, Cost and Schedule comparisons
of the Baseline and Membrane Tanks, it is Technodyne's technical
recommendation (fully supported by the other industrial and scientific
partners in terms of cost and schedule) that the GTT GST/Mark III
membrane tank design concept should be developed further for the
next stages of LAGUNA LBNO

This may involve prototype or small scale experiments to investigate areas of


the tank and detector integration where further information is considered
necessary

12

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2 Design of Baseline Liquid Argon Tanks
3.2.1 50 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank
3.2.1.1
3.2.1.2
3.2.1.3
3.2.1.4
3.2.1.5
3.2.1.6
3.2.1.7
3.2.1.8
3.2.1.9
3.2.1.10

Technical Summary
References
Tank Foundation Design
Tank Design
Tank Insulation Design
Tank Deck Design
Detector Instrumentation Nozzles
Process Plant Nozzle Interfaces
Detector Integration & Interfaces
Material Take Off (MTO)

13

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.1

50 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.1.1 Technical Summary

Cavern Size (Elliptical)


Cavern Height
Product
Outer Tank Diameter
Inner Tank Diameter
Inner Shell Height
Overall Tank Height
Liquid Argon Level
Operating Temperature
Operating Pressure
Required Boil Off Rate

99.2m Major Axis, 62m Minor Axis (Plan)


37.72m plus 12.5m Dome Roof
Liquid Argon
58m
55m
27.88m
30.72m
22m
186 deg C
10 mbar above cavern pressure
0.03% - 0.04%

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.1

50 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.1.1 Technical Summary

15

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.1

50 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.1.2 References
(1)

Tank Design Calculation

C967-50-501

(2)

Tank General Arrangement

C967-50-001

(3)

Inner Tank Anchor Straps

C967-50-007

(4)

Inner Tank Shell

C967-50-009

(5)

Inner Tank Bottom

C967-50-008

(6)

Outer Tank Bottom

C967-50-011

(7)

Boil Off Calculation

C967-50-502

(8)

Deck Structure Plan

C967-50-023

(9)

Deck Structure Elevations

C967-50-022 Sheets 1-4

(10) Deck Structure Analysis Report

C967-50-101

(11) Charge Readout Feed-Through GA

C967-00-SK002

(12) Light Readout Feed-Through GA

C967-00-SK003

(13) Deck Structure Nozzles

C967-50-002

(14) PMT Mounting Arrangements

C967-00-SK001

(15) PMT Mounting Arrangements

C967-50-SK001

(16) Detector Cathode Arrangement

C967-50-SK003

(17) Detector Anode/Charge Readout Arrangement

C967-50-SK004

(18) Material Take Off (MTO) 50ktonne Baseline Tank

C967-50-251

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.1

50 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.1.3 Tank Design (Technodyne Design Calculations & Drawings)

17

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.1

50 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.1.3 Tank Design (Technodyne Design Calculations & Drawings)

Baseline
Designs
are
defined as ASTM A240 316
stainless steel inner, S275J
carbon steel outer, Single
Containment,
Double
Metal Wall (Steel/Steel)
Tanks with a special
insulated metal roof/deck
structure

18

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.1

50 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.1.4 Tank Foundation Design (Typical Concrete Foundation Slab)

The tank will be provided with an elevated concrete foundation slab, constructed above a
series of concrete piles cast into the cavern bottom.
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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.1

50 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.1.5 Tank Insulation Design (Boil Off Calculations)


CAVERN
TEMPERATURE

FOAMGLAS INSULATION

OUTER
TANK

R 29000mm

INNER TANK
ROOF PLATES

PERLITE FILL

INNER TANK
ROOF STRUCTURE

R 27500mm

INNER
TANK

PRODUCT
TEMPERATURE
Inner shell
Perlite Insulation
1500 mm Thick
R = 27500

Outer Tank Shell

R = 27000

Inner Bottom

PRODUCT
TEMPERATURE

Ring Beam

Levelling Concrete

Foamglass Insulation

Levelling Concrete

Outer Bottom

CAVERN
TEMPERATURE

20

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.1

50 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.1.5 Tank Insulation Design (Boil Off Calculations)

Total Heat gained in 24 hrs, MJ


Bottom
812
Bottom corner
84
Ring beam
55
Deck
834
Top corner
52
Nozzles and Deck Penetrations
24
Shell
2032
3892 MJ

3892MJ corresponds to a Boil Off Rate of


0.033%, well within the required rate

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.1

50 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.1.6 Tank Deck Design

Pressure & vacuum loading


Self mass support
Support the mass of the detector suspended beneath the deck
Support the mass of cabling, instrumentation, ancillary equipment and
personnel above the deck
Minimise deflections to limit movement of the detector at the LAr surface
interface
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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.1

50 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.1.6 Tank Deck Design (Analysis)

23

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.1

50 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.1.7 Detector Instrumentation Nozzles (Charge Readout)

Charge Readout Signal Feed-Through

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.1

50 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.1.7 Detector Instrumentation Nozzles (Light Readout)

Light Readout Signal Feed-Through

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.1

50 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.1.8 Process Plant Nozzle Interfaces (Nozzle Requirements)

Nozzle Ref No.

Nominal Size

N1
N2
N3
N4/1
N4/2
N5
M1

8"
8"
20"
30"
30"
24"
40"

Description
Return of liquid argon beneath gas / liquid interface
Air purge, first fill to tank bottom
Boil off gas and safety pick-up
In tank pump for normal operation (1)
In tank pump for normal operation (2)
In tank pump for initial fill
Roof Manway

Tank Penetration Angle

Radius From Tank Centre

155
141
129
26
39
51
295

26500
26500
26500
26500
26500
26500
26500

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.1

50 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.1.8 Process Plant Nozzle Interfaces (Nozzles Outside Detector)

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.1

50 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.1.9 Detector Integration & Interfaces (ETHZ Detector Designs)


Design Requirements

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.1

50 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.1.9 Detector Integration & Interfaces (Anode/Charge Readout)

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.1

50 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.1.9 Detector Integration & Interfaces (Light Readout)

Design Requirements Photo Multiplier Tubes (PMTs)

30

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.1

50 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.1.9 Detector Integration & Interfaces (Cathode & PMT Arrangement)

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.1

50 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.1.10 Material Take Off (MTO) (Steel plus Insulation Materials)


Item

Costing basis

Material

Tonne
or as noted
1,230
75
100
60
440
160
32
9

Inner tank
Inner tank
Inner tank
Inner tank
Inner tank
Inner tank
Inner tank
Inner tank

shell
annular
bottom
compression ring / knuckle / top stiffener
top support structure
top plate
Intermediate stiffeners
anchors

11 shell rings, 62mm to 13mm thick at D = 55m


Annular 30mm thick
Bottom plate 5mm thick at D = 55m
Fabricated structure
Top plate welded to fabricated structure 8mm thick
4 stiffener rings 200 x12 to 350 x 20
60 off 220 x 24 x 3500mm

A240 type 316


A240 type 316
A240 type 316
A240 type 316
A240 type 316
A240 type 316
A240 type 316
A240 type 316

Inner tank
Inner tank
Inner tank
Inner tank

ring beam
concrete levelling layers
bottom load bearing insulation
bottom DPC

Perlite concrete
2 off 75mm thick D = 55.5m, 2500 kg/m
Expanded glass blocks
Bituminious felt DPC 7 layers

Perlite concrete
Concrete
Foamglas
DPC

40 blocks
900
4,100m3
17,000m2

Perlite
Blanket
Foamglas

9,000m3
5,300m2
3,800m3

S275 JR
S275 JR
S275 JR
S275 JR
S275 JR

36
110
580
16
5

S275 JR
S275 JR

2
3

A240 type 316


A240 type 316
A240 type 316

3
12
15

Annular insulation system


Annular insulation system
Inner tank top insulation system

Perlite ore and expansion fuel


Resilient blanket and glass cloth
Expanded glass blocks

Outer tank annular


Outer tank bottom
Outer tank shell
Outer tank compression bar
Annular cover plate
Dome cover over instrumentation
Outer tank stiffeners
Outer tank anchors

12mm thick
5mm thick to D = 58m
12 shell rings 12 mm to 15mm thick
TBD
3mm plate
By Others
TBD
64 off 140 x 10 x 3500

Access ladders and platforms external


Access ladders and platforms internal
Nozzles
Process piping
Process valves
Product emergency venting
Product recirculation and conditioning
Product boil off gas and recompression/ liquifaction
Tank instrumentation
Safety instrumentation
Process control system

TBA
TBA
TBA
TBA
TBA
TBA
TBA
TBA
TBA
TBA
TBA

Cavern foundation / leveling layer


Elevated piles

By Others
By Others

32

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2 Design of Baseline Liquid Argon Tanks
3.2.2

20 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.2.1 Technical Summary


3.2.2.2 References
3.2.3

100ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.3.1 Technical Summary


3.2.3.2 References

33

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.2

20 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.2.1 Technical Summary

Cavern Size (Elliptical)


Cavern Height
Product
Outer Tank Diameter
Inner Tank Diameter
Inner Shell Height
Overall Tank Height
Liquid Argon Level
Operating Temperature
Operating Pressure
Required Boil Off Rate

99.2m Major Axis, 62m Minor Axis (Plan)


37.72m plus 12.5m Dome Roof
Liquid Argon
40m
37m
27.88m
30.72m
22m
186 deg C
10 mbar above cavern pressure
0.04% - 0.05%

34

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.2

20 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.2.1 Technical Summary

35

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.2

20 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.2.2 References
(1)

Tank Design Calculation

C967-20-501

(2)

Tank General Arrangement

C967-20-001

(3)

Inner Tank Anchor Straps

C967-20-007

(4)

Inner Tank Shell

C967-20-009

(5)

Inner Tank Bottom

C967-20-008

(6)

Outer Tank Bottom

C967-20-011

(7)

Boil Off Calculation

C967-20-502

(8)

Deck Structure Plan

C967-20-023

(9)

Deck Structure Elevations

C967-20-022 Sheets 1-2

(10) Deck Structure Analysis Report

C967-20-101

(11) Charge Readout Feed-Through GA

C967-00-SK002

(12) Light Readout Feed-Through GA

C967-00-SK003

(13) Deck Structure Nozzles

C967-20-002

(14) PMT Mounting Arrangements

C967-00-SK001

(15) PMT Mounting Arrangements

C967-20-SK001

(16) Detector Cathode Arrangement

C967-20-SK003

(17) Detector Anode/Charge Readout Arrangement

C967-20-SK004

(18) Material Take Off (MTO) 20ktonne Baseline Tank

C967-20-251

36

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.3

100 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.3.1 Technical Summary

Cavern Size (Circular)


Cavern Height
Product
Outer Tank Diameter
Inner Tank Diameter
Inner Shell Height
Overall Tank Height
Liquid Argon Level
Operating Temperature
Operating Pressure
Required Boil Off Rate

85m Diameter (Plan)


37.72m plus 12.5m Dome Roof
Liquid Argon
79m
76m
27.88m
30.72m
22m
186 deg C
10 mbar above cavern pressure
0.02% - 0.03%

37

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.3

100 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.3.1 Technical Summary

38

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.2.3

100 ktonne Steel/Steel Baseline Tank

3.2.3.2 References
(1)

Tank Design Calculation

C967-100-501

(2)

Tank General Arrangement

C967-100-001

(3)

Inner Tank Anchor Straps

C967-100-007

(4)

Inner Tank Shell

C967-100-009

(5)

Inner Tank Bottom

C967-100-008

(6)

Outer Tank Bottom

C967-100-011

(7)

Boil Off Calculation

C967-100-502

(8)

Deck Structure Plan

C967-100-023

(9)

Deck Structure Elevations

C967-100-022 Sheets 1-3

(10) Deck Structure Analysis Report

C967-100-101

(11) Charge Readout Feed-Through GA

C967-00-SK002

(12) Light Readout Feed-Through GA

C967-00-SK003

(13) Deck Structure Nozzles

C967-100-002

(14) PMT Mounting Arrangements

C967-00-SK001

(15) PMT Mounting Arrangements

C967-100-SK001

(16) Detector Cathode Arrangement

C967-100-SK003

(17) Detector Anode/Charge Readout Arrangement

C967-100-SK004

(18) Material Take Off (MTO) 100ktonne Baseline Tank

C967-100-251

39

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3 Design of Membrane Liquid Argon Tank
3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.1
3.3.1.2
3.3.1.3
3.3.1.4
3.3.1.5
3.3.1.6
3.3.1.7
3.3.1.8
3.3.1.9
3.3.1.10

Technical Summary
References
Tank Concept Design
Tank & Foundation Design
Tank Insulation & Membrane Design
Tank Deck Design
Detector Instrumentation Nozzles
Process Plant Nozzle Interfaces
Detector Integration & Interfaces
Material Take Off (MTO)

3.3.2

20ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.3

100ktonne Membrane Tank

40

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.1 Technical Summary

Cavern Size (Elliptical)


Cavern Height
Product
Tank Outer Diameter
Tank Inside Diameter
Tank Height
Liquid Argon Level
Operating Temperature
Operating Pressure
Required Boil Off Rate

102.4m Major Axis, 64m Minor Axis (Plan)


34.1m plus 12.5m Dome Roof
Liquid Argon
60.07m
55.57m (Inside Insulation & Membrane)
27.1m
22m
186 deg C
10 mbar above cavern pressure
0.03% - 0.04%

41

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.1 Technical Summary

42

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.2 References
(1)

GTT LAr Membrane Tank Proposal

DC-DVS-000001

(2)

Tank General Arrangement

C967-05-001

(3)

Guidelines for Full Scaffolding

OPNB-CDC-000001

(4)

50 ktonne Membrane Tank Civil Design

C967-05-501

(5)

Civil Outline Raft Slab

C967-05-3001

(6)

Civil Outline Typical Cross Section

C967-05-3002

(7)

Civil Outline Typical Reinforcement

C967-05-3003

(8)

Deck Structure Plan

C967-05-023

(9)

Deck Structure Elevations

C967-05-022 Sheets 1-4

(10) Deck Structure Analysis Report

C967-05-101

(11) Typical Crossing for Charges

GTT Drawing Rev 2

(12) Typical Crossing for Light

GTT Drawing

(13) Deck Structure Nozzles

C967-50-002

(14) PMT Mounting Arrangements

C967-00-SK001

(15) PMT Mounting Arrangements

GTT Drawing

(16) Detector Cathode Arrangement

C967-05-SK003

(17) Detector Anode/Charge Readout Arrangement

C967-05-SK004

(18) Civil MTO 50ktonne Membrane Tank

C967-50-251

(19) MTO for the Membrane & Insulation Components

DC-DVS-000001

43

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.3 Tank Concept Design (GTT Preliminary Design Calculations)

44

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.3 Tank Concept Design (Combined GST/Mk III LNGC Technologies)

GST Land Storage

Mk III LNGC

45

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.3 Tank Concept Design (Combined GST/Mk III LNGC Technologies)

Combined GST/Mk III Concept Design for GLACIER LAr Membrane Tank
46

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.3 Tank Concept Design (Combined GST/Mk III LNGC Technologies)

Combined GST/Mk III Concept Design for GLACIER LAr Membrane Tank
47

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.4 Tank & Foundation Design (Design Calculations & Drawings)

48

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.4 Tank & Foundation Design (Typical Concrete Tank Photos)

The tank & foundation will comprise a post tensioned concrete tank, an elevated foundation
slab and a series of concrete piles cast into the cavern bottom.

49

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.5 Tank Insulation & Membrane Design (Boil Off Calculations)

50

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.5 Tank Insulation & Membrane Design (Boil Off Calculations)


Polyurethane foam thickness (mm) Insulating panel total thickness (mm) BOR (%)
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1220
1250

821
921
1021
1121
1221
1241
1271

0.0462
0.041
0.0369
0.0337
0.031
0.0306
0.0299

Relative Cost

No of Elements

0.67
0.87
0.91
0.96
1.00
TBA
TBA

2
3
3
3
3
TBA
TBA

Standard GST
Insulation Panel
Thickness including
Plywood = 400mm

51

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.5 Tank Insulation & Membrane Design (Special GLACIER Panels)

52

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.5 Tank Insulation & Membrane Design (Special GLACIER Panels)

53

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.5 Tank Insulation & Membrane Design (Tank Shell & Bottom)

54

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.5 Tank Insulation & Membrane Design (Tank Deck Insulation)

55

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.5 Tank Insulation & Membrane Design (Membrane Sheets)

56

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.6 Tank Deck Design

Pressure & vacuum loading


Self mass support
Support the mass of the detector suspended beneath the deck
Support the mass of cabling, instrumentation, ancillary equipment and
personnel above the deck
Minimise deflections to limit movement of the detector at the LAr surface
interface
57

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.6 Tank Deck Design (Analysis)

58

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.6 Tank Deck Design (Air Raise)

59

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.7 Detector Instrumentation Nozzles (Charge Readout)

Charge Readout Signal Feed-Through

60

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.7 Detector Instrumentation Nozzles (Light Readout)

Light Readout Signal Feed-Through

61

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.8 Process Plant Nozzle Interfaces (Typical LNGC Liquid Dome)

62

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.8 Process Plant Nozzle Interfaces (Nozzles Outside Detector)

Nozzle Ref No.

Nominal Size

N1
N2
N3
N4/1
N4/2
N5
M1

8"
8"
20"
30"
30"
24"
40"

Description
Return of liquid argon beneath gas / liquid interface
Air purge, first fill to tank bottom
Boil off gas and safety pick-up
In tank pump for normal operation (1)
In tank pump for normal operation (2)
In tank pump for initial fill
Roof Manway

Tank Penetration Angle

Radius From Tank Centre

155
141
129
26
39
51
295

26500
26500
26500
26500
26500
26500
26500

63

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.8 Process Plant Nozzle Interfaces (GST & Mk III Tubular Structures)

64

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.9 Detector Integration & Interfaces (ETHZ Detector Designs)


Design Requirements

65

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.9 Detector Integration & Interfaces (Anode/Charge Readout)

66

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.9 Detector Integration & Interfaces (Light Readout)

Design Requirements Photo Multiplier Tubes (PMTs)

67

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.9 Detector Integration & Interfaces (Cathode & PMT Arrangement)

68

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.9 Detector Integration & Interfaces (Mounting of PMTs)

69

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.10 Civil Material Take Off (MTO)


Doc Number
Rev

Civil Bill Of Quantities


Laguna Membrane Storage Tank
50 ktonne Liquid Argon

Item Description
Tank Foundation

1 x Argon Storage
Tank

C967-05-251
Date
By

1
0

29/01/2013
23/04/2012

Unit

Nos per tank

No of tanks

Total

1
2

Site preparation and Levelling


Piles, 1000 dia. x length TBA.

off
off

1
397

1
1

1
397

3
4
5
6

Suspended Raft Slab on Piles


Raft Excavation
Raft formwork
Raft formwork
Concrete Raft C30/C40

m3
m2
m2
m3

0
200
3,154
3,154

1
1
1
1

0
200
3,154
3,154

7
8

Raft rebar
Install Drains

kg
off

504,480
4

Outer Tank Wall


Formwork for wall
Formwork for Eaves Beam
Concrete 40 on cylinders for wall
Rebar for Wall & Eaves Beam
Cryogenic Rebar for Wall

m2
m2
m3
kg
kg

off
m

9
10
11
12
13

1
1

504,480
4

9,760
777
4,279
298,097
0

1
1
1
1
1

9,760
777
4,279
298,097
0

4
8,806
19T15
176
198,135

1
1
1
1
1

4
8,806

Technodyne International Ltd

RJC
GEB

Billed for 1 tank, 1 tank required

Notes
Assumed to be prepared by others and not in our scope
Pile working load =TBA Tonne, pile capacity = TBA Tonne

sides of raft
underside of raft only
Grade 30 on cylinders / 40 on cubes
Non Cryogenic, Yield Strength 500 Mpa, includes laps and starters into
Wall.
4" dia, around slab edge temporary drains during construction

includes both sides of wall and buttresses to bottom of eaves beam


bottom and both sides of Eaves beam
with buttress and top Eaves beam
Yeild strength 500 Mpa for areas never subjected to less than -20C.

Wall Prestressing
14
15
16
17
18

Number of Buttresses
Duct Length for Horizontal Cable
Cable unit type
Anchorage unit
Weight of horizontal prestress

19
20
21
22

Duct length for Vertical Cable


Cable unit type
Anchorage unit
Weight of vertical prestress

23
24
25
26

Vertical liner embedments


Horizontal liner embedments
Wall embedments vertical
embedments to top of wall

off
kg

176
198,135

Length measured between outside face of anchor plates

Tendons only, measured 200mm beyond outside face of anchor plates. Not
including extra length for stressing.
Not Required
Not Required
Not Required

m
m
off
off

60

60

Not Required
Not Required
Not Required
For Polar Beam connection

70

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3.1

50 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.1.10 Insulation & Membrane Panel Material Take Off (MTO)


Cost

Observations

Engineering

Procurement*
Based on best
known estimate

Investment cost
Price indication

Installation
Base European
productivity

Detailed study of Containment


System

Based on the formula


defined in the Licence
Agreement

Moisture barrier (xx/m)


Bearing mastic, studs & glue
(xx/m)
1.1m thick Insulating panels
(between xx/m and xx/m)
Flexible
sec.
membrane
(xx/m)
Stainless
steel
membrane
(xx/m)

Costs shown elsewhere

Full Scaffolding
Manual Welding machines (10
Units)
Auto Welding machine (3 Units)
Mastic deposit machine (1 Unit)
Gluing mixing machine (2 Units)
Accessories (Templates, etc)

Costs shown elsewhere

Average Man hours


including tests.

Costs shown elsewhere

(xx/Sqm)

About 10 000m

F.O.B from Europe


F.O.B from Europe
F.O.B from South Korea
F.O.B from Europe
F.O.B from South Korea

Without
Installation
of
scaffolding,
logistic,
Management and Quality
control.

GTT Assistance
Site representative during the
construction

As defined in the Licence


Agreement

71

Technodyne International Limited

LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


3.3 Design of Membrane Liquid Argon Tank
3.3.2

20 ktonne Membrane Tank

3.3.3

100ktonne Membrane Tank

20 ktonne & 100ktonne membrane tank designs were not generated as part of
this study. It was agreed that a 50 ktonne design only should be fully evaluated
to establish design, procurement and construction costs/schedule to allow direct
comparison with the 50 ktonne baseline steel/steel tank design.
Once a decision is made to proceed with either the baseline or the membrane
tank design, then a further decision will be made as to any requirement to
develop similar 20 ktonne & 100ktonne membrane tank designs.

72

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


Sections 3.4, 3.5 & 3.6

(Overview Only)

Manufacture, Transportation, Construction & Initial Commissioning

73

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design


Sections 3.4, 3.5 & 3.6

(Overview Only)

Manufacture, Construction & Initial Commissioning

Baseline

Membrane

74

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LAGUNA LBNO (Deliverable 2.2) GLACIER LAr Tank Design

Thank you - any questions?

75

Technodyne International Limited