Sie sind auf Seite 1von 4

Daniels 1

Jarrale Daniels
Mr. Hackney
English 101: Rhetoric
19 September 2014
Statement of Scope for the Annotated Bibliography
The usual image of America is the reassurance of security and the privilege of having
privacy. But, what would happen if we had to sacrifice one right for the other? That question has
recently been a main focal point in America. The Big Brother state, as described in George
Orwells classic 1984, becomes more and more vivid in American society.The National Security
Agency (NSA) has been involved in the developing story of domestic spying, which has been
amplified post 9/11. Although the issue of national protection by the government is mandatory,
our personal privacy should not be compromised for security.
This essay will explore the rising debate involving national security and the protection of
our privacy. It also will explore the controversial involvement of the NSA. September 11th, 2001
was truly a heart wrenching time. There should definitely be a way to prevent tragedies like that
from happening, but our personal privacy should at least be attempted to be kept unmolested. I
will examine the effects of domestic spying on our right of privacy. Also, I will examine if the
invasion of privacy is truly needed to have national security. In addition to this I will also
highlight the involvement of the NSA in the matter and if their acts are crossing the thin line
between security and solitude. The last topic will be the effect of the leak by Edward Snowden of
the NSAs seizure of a list of phone call records from Version.
This selected bibliography includes sources that address the examination of the role of
the NSA and their involvement in domestic spying including the Snowden leaks, the
increasement of domestic spying after the tragedy of 9/11, and the constant struggle of protecting
privacy while keeping national security intact. Thomas and Hosenball go in depth about the
increased involvement of the NSA since 9/11 and the Snowden leaks. In NSAs Domestic
Spying Grows highlights the NSA constantly going more and more towards the use of domestic
spying and also the way information is obtained. Douglas and Marsden write similar
controversial articles, which examine the NSAs recent program named PRISM in an attempt to
have access to personal information like phone calls or internet searches. Warren Mass informs
readers about the growing tension to not blur the line of liberty and security. All the articles
touch bases on the involvement of the NSA and their increasement of spying on the American
population and whether or not the NSA should invade our space.

Annotated Bibliography
Anonymous. "NSA's Domestic Spying Grows." Newsletter on Intellectual Freedom 1 May 2008:

Daniels 2

n. pag. elibrary. Web. 16 Sept. 2014. In this detailed article the author introduces to us
the fact that Congress shot down an experimental program developed to stop terrorism
because it was an invasion of the privacy of Americans and then tells that the NSA is
making a system practically like this. He/she then states that the exact business of the
NSA has not been publicly disclosed (they say that they inform Congress of the steps
they make). The author then brings up how the NSA has a wide range of information
such as internet searches and they also have many different forms of programs, to hold
this information, that since 9/11 have greatly expanded. The author then moves on to
discussing how the NSA obtains this information by stating they proceed their searches
based on leads but many believe that they are overstepping their bounds.
Douglas, Chuck. "COMMENTARY: The unconstitutional surveillance state is here now." New
Hampshire Sunday News 18 May 2014: n. pag. elibrary. Web. 16 Sept. 2014. Chuck
Douglas writes a rather controversial article about the development of the leak by Edward
Snowden of the NSA's secret program of surveillance and the emergence of the NSA into
public light. Douglas starts by saying a year ago we would not have been talking about
this but now because of the leaks, the topic of domestic spying has been brought into the
light. Then, he tells how the NSA is working on a program named PRISM in an effort to
reach out to many different internet companies to gain access to their data. He continues
by discussing how the NSA has went to extreme bounds to invade our privacy.
Hosenball, Mark, and Evan Thomas. "Hold the Phone ; Big Brother knows whom you call. Is
that legal, and will it help catch the bad guys?" Newsweek 22 May 2006: n. pag. elibrary.
Web. 16 Sept. 2014. Hosenball and Thomas wrote a very eye opening article about the
rise of the NSA after 9/11 and explain the cause and development of the situation. To

Daniels 3

start the authors state that after the harsh effect of 9/11 the government officials asked the
NSA what they needed to prevent another tragedy like September 11th from happening
and they replied with the answer of domestic spying, which Bush set out to have
approved, in a very secretive way. The article then goes into the details of the NSA
obtaining lists of phone calls from various companies and the NSA has been obtaining
information in a vacuum giving them a large amount of data. Thomas and Hosenball then
conclude by touching on how the NSA is still shy in terms of displaying their true intent
and they believe that they should have been open to gain support in trying to catch
terrorists if that was their true intention.
Marsden, William. "Snowden Leaks Tipped Public to Snooping; Individual Privacy Still Being
Violated." Windsor Star 9 June 2014: n. pag. elibrary. Web. 16 Sept. 2014. William
Marsden's all-telling article investigates the effects of the Snowden leaks of last year and
how the government, particularly the NSA, is still invading our personal space. He first
touches on what the Snowden leaks were which was the leak of a list of phone records
from Version that the NSA had control of. Marsden then tells how the NSA has been
obtaining other information from other forms of internet communication and likens the
event to George Orwell's Big Brother form of government. Marsden then states the data
is still changing hands and finishes his article by explaining that if Snowden came back
into the country for his trial there would be no justice for him because he could not have a
defense because of the Espionage Act.
Mass, Warren. "The NSA and Domestic Spying." The New American 24 July 2006: n. pag.
eLibrary. Web. 16 Sept. 2014. In Mass' interesting article he emphasizes on the choice of
liberty or security by the government and where the line should exactly be between these

Daniels 4

two topics. Mass starts his article by introducing a tv show (Jane Due) in which a soccer
mom works for the Central Security Agency (which is fictional) to illustrate the
difference of the agency on tv and the real life NSA. He then moves towards his question
"Liberty or security?" and discusses how the NSA was shifted towards more foreign
activities but after 9/11 they have shifted towards domestic spying, leaving many
Americans feeling unsafe. He then highlights how the NSA has crossed the boundaries of
liberty or security by passage of the Domestic Surveillance Act. Mass concludes by
saying that although national security is needed, the government should not overstep the
Constitution and invade our personal rights.