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283

Chapter 18

Flywheels
18.1

Table P18.1 lists the output torque for a one cylinder engine running at 4 600 rev/min.
(a)
Find the mean output torque.
(b)
Determine the mass moment of inertia of an appropriate flywheel using
Cs = 0.025 .

Torque data for Problem 18.1.


i

deg
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
(a)

Ti
Nm
0
17
812
963
1 016
937
774
641
697
849
1 031
1 027
902
712
607
594
544
345

deg
180
190
200
210
220
230
240
250
260
270
280
290
300
310
320
330
340
350

Ti
Nm
0
-344
-540
-576
-570
-638
-785
-879
-814
-571
-324
-190
-203
-235
-164
-7
150
145

deg
360
370
380
390
400
410
420
430
440
450
460
470
480
490
500
510
520
530

Ti
Nm
0
-145
-150
7
164
235
203
490
424
571
814
879
785
638
570
576
540
344

deg
540
550
560
570
580
590
600
610
620
630
640
650
660
670
680
690
700
710

Using n = 72 and h = 4/72, we enter the data from Table P18.1 into Simpsons
rule to find U 2 U1 = 890.7 N m .
Tm = (U 2 U1 ) ( 4 ) = ( 890.7 N m ) ( 4 rad ) = 70.88 N m

(b)

Ti
Nm
0
-344
-540
-577
-572
-643
-793
-893
-836
-605
-379
-264
-300
-368
-334
-198
-56
-2

Ans.

= 4 600 rev/min = 481.7 rad/s


2
I = (U 2 U1 ) ( Cs 2 ) = ( 890.7 N m ) ( 0.025 )( 481.7 rad/s ) = 0.154 N m s 2 Ans.

284

18.2

Using the data of Table 18.2, determine the moment of inertia for a flywheel for a twocylinder 90 V engine having a single crank. Use Cs = 0.012 5 and a nominal speed of
4 600 rev/min. If a cylindrical or disk-type flywheel is to be used, what should be the
thickness if it is made of steel and has an outside diameter of 400 mm? Use = 7.8
Mg/m3 as the density of steel.
Using n = 48 and h = 4/48, we integrate the data from columns 2-5 of Table 18.2 by
Simpsons rule to find U 2 U1 = 394.38 N m .
= 4 600 rev/min = 481.7 rad/s
2
I = (U 2 U1 ) ( Cs 2 ) = ( 394.38 N m ) ( 0.0125 )( 481.7 rad/s ) = 0.136 N m s 2
R = 200 mm
= 7800 kg/m3
2
m = 2 I R 2 = 2 0.136 N m s 2 ( 200 mm ) = 6.8 kg
V = m / = 6.8 kg 7800 kg/m3 = 872 mm3
2
t = V A = 872 mm3 (196.85 mm ) = 6.85 mm

18.3

Ans.

Using the data of Table 18.1, find the mean output torque and the flywheel inertia
required for a three-cylinder in-line engine corresponding to a nominal speed of 2 400
rev/min. Use Cs = 0.03.
Using n = 48 and h = 4/48, we integrate the data from Table 18.1 by Simpsons rule to
find U 2 U1 = 394.38 N m .
Tm = (U 2 U1 ) ( 4 ) = ( 394.38 N m ) ( 4 rad ) = 31.38 N m

Ans.

= 2 400 rev/min = 251.3 rad/s


2
I = (U 2 U1 ) ( Cs 2 ) = ( 394.38 N m ) ( 0.03)( 251.3 rad/s ) = 0.208 N m s 2

Ans.

285

18.4

The load torque required by a 200-tonne punch press is displayed in Table P18.4 for one
revolution of the flywheel. The flywheel is to have a nominal angular velocity of 2 400
rev/min and to be designed for a coefficient of speed fluctuation of 0.075.
Determine the mean motor torque required at the flywheel shaft and the motor
(a)
horsepower needed, assuming a constant torque-speed characteristic for the
motor.
Find the moment of inertia needed for the flywheel.
(b)

deg
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80

(a)

(b)

18.5

Ti
Nm
96.84
96.84
96.84
96.84
96.84
145.4
290.6
581.3
775

Torque data for Problem 18-4.


i
i
Ti
Ti
deg
deg
Nm
Nm
90
891
180
203.5
100
940
190
184
110
959
200
165
120
969
210
155
130
949.5
220
126
140
872
230
116.3
150
397
240
106.5
160
242
250
96.84
170
222.8
260
96.84

deg
270
280
290
300
310
320
330
340
350

Ti
Nm
96.84
96.84
96.84
96.84
96.84
96.84
96.84
96.84
96.84

Using n = 36 and h = 2/36, we integrate the data from Table P18.4 by Simpsons
rule to find U = 1887.1 N m .
Ans.
Tm = U ( 2 ) = (1887.1 N m ) ( 2 rad ) = 300.49 N m
= 2 400 rev/min = 251.3 rad/s
( 300.49 N m )( 2 400 rev/min )( 2 rad/rev ) = 6071 HP
P = T =
Ans.
746 watt/HP
The torque data shows a constant requirement of 96.84 Nm, probably friction, in
addition to the torque for the punching operation. If this constant torque is
subtracted from the data in the table (for speed fluctuation), and the integration
repeated, then we get, U = 1684.26 N m
2
I = U ( Cs 2 ) = (1684.26 N m ) ( 0.075 )( 251.3 rad/s ) = 0.355 N m s 2 Ans.

Find Tm for the four-cylinder engine whose torque displacement is that of Fig. 18.4.
Using n = 12 and h = /12, we integrate the data from column 6 of Table 18.2 by
Simpsons rule to find U 2 U1 = 394.38 N m .
Tm = (U 2 U1 ) ( ) = ( 394.38 N m ) ( rad ) = 125.598 N m

Ans.