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Flywheels teoría Shigley

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Chapter 18

Flywheels

18.1

Table P18.1 lists the output torque for a one cylinder engine running at 4 600 rev/min.

(a)

Find the mean output torque.

(b)

Determine the mass moment of inertia of an appropriate flywheel using

Cs = 0.025 .

i

deg

0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

(a)

Ti

Nm

0

17

812

963

1 016

937

774

641

697

849

1 031

1 027

902

712

607

594

544

345

deg

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

300

310

320

330

340

350

Ti

Nm

0

-344

-540

-576

-570

-638

-785

-879

-814

-571

-324

-190

-203

-235

-164

-7

150

145

deg

360

370

380

390

400

410

420

430

440

450

460

470

480

490

500

510

520

530

Ti

Nm

0

-145

-150

7

164

235

203

490

424

571

814

879

785

638

570

576

540

344

deg

540

550

560

570

580

590

600

610

620

630

640

650

660

670

680

690

700

710

Using n = 72 and h = 4/72, we enter the data from Table P18.1 into Simpsons

rule to find U 2 U1 = 890.7 N m .

Tm = (U 2 U1 ) ( 4 ) = ( 890.7 N m ) ( 4 rad ) = 70.88 N m

(b)

Ti

Nm

0

-344

-540

-577

-572

-643

-793

-893

-836

-605

-379

-264

-300

-368

-334

-198

-56

-2

Ans.

2

I = (U 2 U1 ) ( Cs 2 ) = ( 890.7 N m ) ( 0.025 )( 481.7 rad/s ) = 0.154 N m s 2 Ans.

284

18.2

Using the data of Table 18.2, determine the moment of inertia for a flywheel for a twocylinder 90 V engine having a single crank. Use Cs = 0.012 5 and a nominal speed of

4 600 rev/min. If a cylindrical or disk-type flywheel is to be used, what should be the

thickness if it is made of steel and has an outside diameter of 400 mm? Use = 7.8

Mg/m3 as the density of steel.

Using n = 48 and h = 4/48, we integrate the data from columns 2-5 of Table 18.2 by

Simpsons rule to find U 2 U1 = 394.38 N m .

= 4 600 rev/min = 481.7 rad/s

2

I = (U 2 U1 ) ( Cs 2 ) = ( 394.38 N m ) ( 0.0125 )( 481.7 rad/s ) = 0.136 N m s 2

R = 200 mm

= 7800 kg/m3

2

m = 2 I R 2 = 2 0.136 N m s 2 ( 200 mm ) = 6.8 kg

V = m / = 6.8 kg 7800 kg/m3 = 872 mm3

2

t = V A = 872 mm3 (196.85 mm ) = 6.85 mm

18.3

Ans.

Using the data of Table 18.1, find the mean output torque and the flywheel inertia

required for a three-cylinder in-line engine corresponding to a nominal speed of 2 400

rev/min. Use Cs = 0.03.

Using n = 48 and h = 4/48, we integrate the data from Table 18.1 by Simpsons rule to

find U 2 U1 = 394.38 N m .

Tm = (U 2 U1 ) ( 4 ) = ( 394.38 N m ) ( 4 rad ) = 31.38 N m

Ans.

2

I = (U 2 U1 ) ( Cs 2 ) = ( 394.38 N m ) ( 0.03)( 251.3 rad/s ) = 0.208 N m s 2

Ans.

285

18.4

The load torque required by a 200-tonne punch press is displayed in Table P18.4 for one

revolution of the flywheel. The flywheel is to have a nominal angular velocity of 2 400

rev/min and to be designed for a coefficient of speed fluctuation of 0.075.

Determine the mean motor torque required at the flywheel shaft and the motor

(a)

horsepower needed, assuming a constant torque-speed characteristic for the

motor.

Find the moment of inertia needed for the flywheel.

(b)

deg

0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

(a)

(b)

18.5

Ti

Nm

96.84

96.84

96.84

96.84

96.84

145.4

290.6

581.3

775

i

i

Ti

Ti

deg

deg

Nm

Nm

90

891

180

203.5

100

940

190

184

110

959

200

165

120

969

210

155

130

949.5

220

126

140

872

230

116.3

150

397

240

106.5

160

242

250

96.84

170

222.8

260

96.84

deg

270

280

290

300

310

320

330

340

350

Ti

Nm

96.84

96.84

96.84

96.84

96.84

96.84

96.84

96.84

96.84

Using n = 36 and h = 2/36, we integrate the data from Table P18.4 by Simpsons

rule to find U = 1887.1 N m .

Ans.

Tm = U ( 2 ) = (1887.1 N m ) ( 2 rad ) = 300.49 N m

= 2 400 rev/min = 251.3 rad/s

( 300.49 N m )( 2 400 rev/min )( 2 rad/rev ) = 6071 HP

P = T =

Ans.

746 watt/HP

The torque data shows a constant requirement of 96.84 Nm, probably friction, in

addition to the torque for the punching operation. If this constant torque is

subtracted from the data in the table (for speed fluctuation), and the integration

repeated, then we get, U = 1684.26 N m

2

I = U ( Cs 2 ) = (1684.26 N m ) ( 0.075 )( 251.3 rad/s ) = 0.355 N m s 2 Ans.

Find Tm for the four-cylinder engine whose torque displacement is that of Fig. 18.4.

Using n = 12 and h = /12, we integrate the data from column 6 of Table 18.2 by

Simpsons rule to find U 2 U1 = 394.38 N m .

Tm = (U 2 U1 ) ( ) = ( 394.38 N m ) ( rad ) = 125.598 N m

Ans.

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