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h) (1x105)/(3x108)

Ratio

Indices
-2/3

a) 0.000008
b) 1.69-0.5
When p=5, q=12, r=7, s=4
c) (pr-2s)5/3
d) 4p0+s3/2
e) 0.4-5 x 0.4 x 0.42
f) (2/5)3 x (2/5)-1 x (2/5)-2
g) 41/4-7
h) {(1/2)10 x (1/2)0 x (1/2)-2}/2
i) (0.2-1)2
j) (3x5-7)2/3
Percentages
a) Jenny bought a flat in 1998. The value
of the flat then was 52 000. During the
first year the value of the flat decreased
by 8%. Over the next year the value of
the flat increased by 14%. Work out the
value of the flat in 2000.
b) Erica bought 10 000 worth of shares in
2000. By 2001 the value of the shares
had increased by 15%. By 2002 the
value of the shares had decreased by
n% of their value in 2001. The value of
the shares in 2002 was 10 000. Work
out the value of n.

a) Tom sells three types of soap powder in


his shop: A, B, C. In one week he sells
476 boxes of soap powder in the ratio
1:2:4. I) What fraction of the total sales
are B? ii) How many boxes of A does he
sell? Iii) If he makes 8p profit on each
box sold, how much profit does he
make altogether from the two bestselling powders?
b) In Midgrove school the ratio of pupils is
17.2 to 1. I) Rewrite the ration in the
form m:n where m and n are integers ii)
What is the smallest possible number of
pupils in the school? Iii) If the actual
number of pupils and teachers is 1456,
how many teachers are there?
c) x:y = 2:3 write y in terms of x
d) Work out the ratio using the answer
above for 2x:x+2y
Standard Form
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)

(7.2x10-4) x (1.5x103)
(3.3x10-3)/(6.6x10-6)
(2.4x105)/ (3.6x107)
(2.4x105)- (3.6x107)
(5.976x1024)x(3.18x102)
(5.976x1024)x(3.18x10-2)
(6.02x1023)/(3.2x102)

Proportionality
a) The resistance to motion of a car is
proportional to the square of the speed
of the car. If the resistance is 4000
Newtons at a speed of 20 m/s, what is
the resistance at a speed of 30 m/s? At
what speed is the resistance 6250
Newtons?
b) Two variables, x and y, vary in such a
way that y is inversely proportional to
the square of x. When x=4, y=5. Find the
formula giving y in terms of x. Find the
value of y when x=5.
Simplifying algebraic fractions
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
k)
l)

27xy3/ (9x2y)
(0.3e3x12e2)/0.8e9
(3c3 x 4d2)/ 2c4 x 6d
(2p x d3)/ 6p4 x 5d
(0.2a2 x 0.1b7) /(0.4a3x 0.5b2)
(4a3/4 x 4a5/4)/ 12a
(w-2)1/2
(5a3/2b)3
(1/3f2g7)-1
(2r1/2t3/ 3s4)-4
(4a2b10/ 49c4)-1/2
(4f2g)3 x (0.2f-1g4)2 / 0.8fg-3

m)
n)
o)
p)
q)
r)
s)

X3 = 22
1/x2 = 2
X3/10 = 1010
X-4/3 = 1/9
(125/64)4/3
(3/5)-2
x5/2 / x1/2

Upper and Lower Bounds


a) The volume of a cube is given as
230mm3 correct to 3s.f. Calculate the
length of an edge of the cube, giving the
answer as accurately as can be justified.
Probability
a) There are 4 bottles of orange juice, 3
bottles of apple juice and 2 bottles of
tomato juice. Viv takes a bottle at
random and drinks the juice. The
Caroline takes a bottle at random and
drinks the juice. Work out the
probability that they both take a bottle
of the same type of juice.
b) Phil has 20 sweets in a bag: 5 orange, 7
red and 8 yellow. Phil takes two sweets
at random from the bag. Workout the
probability that the sweets will not be
the same colour.

Surds
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)

28 =k7
288
5 x 10 x 2
36 x 28 x 43
(30 x 12)/ (2 x 5)
(472 x 34) / 122
(6+33)(6-33)
6-5 /6+5

Simplify
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
k)
l)

(8+5)(2-5)
(5-3)/(2+3)
(x3+3x2+2x )/x2+x
(4x3+x2-5x)/x2-x
(3x3+6x2+3x)/ x2+x
[(3x2+13x+4)/16x2-9] / 3x+1/8x2+6x
(5x-3)2-(3x-5)2
6x2-7xy-10y2
x4-81y4
15x2+2xy-y2
8x3-50x
(3x+2)2-(2x+3)2

Completing the square


a) x2+6x
b) x2+12x+30
c) x2-5x+4

d)
e)
f)
g)
h)

2x2+4x
4x2-16x+21
6x2+36x+47
7x2-14x+10
5x2+30x

Solve and leave in surd form


i) x2+9x-4=0
j) 3x2-12x-7=0
k) 2x2+12x+5=0
Solve and answers correct to 2dp
l) 2x2+4x-1=0
m) x2+7x-2=0
n) 5x2-20x+2=0
Trigonometry and Pythagoras
a) B is 10km East of A and 8km North of C. Use
trigonometry to find the size of angle BCA.
What is the bearing of A from C? Use
Pythagoras to find the distance from A to C.
A

10km

B
8km

b) A plane flies from P to Q on a bearing of


146o. Q is 229km from P. What is the
size of angle RPQ? How far East is Q
from P. How far south is Q from P?

Factors

146o
P

a) x3-4x2-11x+30
b) 2x3-17x2+38x-15
c) 6x3+11x2-3x-2

229k
m

Graph Transformation

c) The diagram shows a cuboid. Find PB,


PA, PC, PD, <APD, <PCD
P

3cm

4cm

B
8cm

D
4cm

d) From two points A and B on horizontal


ground the angles of elevation of the top C
of a pole are 420 and 240. AC=25m. Find
AB. If A and B are on opposite sides of the
pole how far apart are A and B?

240

420
A

Write down the co-ordinates of the point on the


curve (2, 4)
a)
b)
c)
d)

y=f(x)+3
y=f(2x)
y=f(x+3)
y=2f(x)