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OBJECTIVE-TYPE QUESTIONS

ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS


1. (c) x + 2x + (1 + cos ) = 0

a = 1, b = 2, c = 1 + cos
D = b 4ac = 2 4 1 (1 + cos )
= 4 cos which is ve
2

Q 0 < < 90 cos is +ve 4 cos is ve.


Q D < 0, the roots are imaginary

2. (a) radians = 180 or 1c = 1 radian


=(

180
7
3
) = (180 ) = ( 57 )

22
11

3
> sin 57
11

2 3 4
1 2 3

x 1
) = 1 sin 2(x 1) = sin 90
x 2

(Q sin 90 = 1)

2(x 1) = 90 x = 46

tan 26 + tan 19
4. (c)
= cos 60 tan( 26+19 ) = 1
x (1 tan 26 tan 19 )
x
2

tan 45 1 1 1
= = x = 2
x
2 x 2

Qcos 60=

tanA + tanB

5. (a) 60 = 2 = 30
[ Q The angle subtended by any arc at the centre of the
circle is twice the angle subtended on any pt. on the
remaining part of the circle].

x2

sin 30 + cos2 30

x2 + 1

4
Q

3
AQ 3

=
10 PQ 10

3 3h
=
10 10

tan (90 ) = cot

2 + 2 + 104= 360 38 + 2 + 104 = 360

or 2 = 228 cos 2 = cos 228 = cos (270 52)


cos 2 = sin 52
9. (c) sin + cos = x
On squaring, we get
sin2 + cos2 + 2sin cos = x2

[Q cos (270 )
= sin

1 + 2 sin cos = x2 sin cos =

x2 1
2

(sin2 + cos2 = 1)
sin + cos
= (sin2 + cos2 )3 3 sin2 cos2 (sin2 +cos2 )
6

x2 1 2
1
) .1 = (1 + 6x2 3x4)
2
4

[Q a3 + b3 = (a + b)3 3ab (a + b)
(a b)2 = a2 + b2 2ab

6. (a) Let PQ = h

1
tan 53

8. (d) sin 52 = cos 2 = x


sin 52 = cos = sin (90 2 )
Q sin (90 ) = cos
90 2 = 52 or 2 = 38
Q Sum of s of a = 180 + + 52 = 180

x2

AQ = PQ

7. (b) tan 37 = tan (90 53) = cot 53 =

= 13 3 (

x2 + 1
1
3
+( )2 = 2 x = 2
2 2
x

cot PAQ =

10

=x

= 1 tanA tanB

x2 + 1

QQAB = 90

42 + ( 3h )2 = ( h )2 h = 10m

1
2

tan 45 = 1
tan (A + B)

sin + cos2 =

BQ 1
h
= BQ =
PQ 2
2

tan 37 tan 53 = 1

or sin 1c > sin 57 or sin 57 < sin c


sin 57 sin 1c < 0 A < 0
3. (d) sin 2 ( . . ....

1
2

2
2
2
In rt BAQ , AB + AQ = BQ

As increases from 0 to 90, value of sin increases


from 0 to 1
sin 57

cot PBQ =

sin
+ sin
tan + sin cos
=
10. (d)
tan sin sin sin
cos
1
+ 1)
cos
sec + 1
=
1
=
1) sec 1
sin (
cos
sin (

[sec =

sin

tan = cos ]

11. (c) (1 + tan A) (1 + tan B)= 2


1 + tan A + tan B + tan A tan B = 2

195 SEPTEMBER 2001 THE COMPETITION MASTER

1
cos

OBJECTIVE-TYPE QUESTIONS
or tan A + tan B = 1 tan A tan B

Distance travelled in (t2 t1) minutes

tan A + tan B
1 tan A tan B = 1

tan (A + B) = tan
A+B=

= CD = BD BC = x x (

[Q tan

= 1]
4

16. (b)
A

2 3

y
2 3

17. (b) Reqd. exp. = (

60
2 3

Height of the tree = x + y = 4 3 + 6 = (6 + 4 3 ) m

D
O
C

/2
/2

21. (b) In s ABD and ACD


AB = AC
AD = AD (common)
B
BD = DC (Q D is the mid pt. of BC)

22. (d)
sin 45
=
23. (d) sin =
1 + 2 cos 30

= r cosec . sin
2

AB
14. (b) In rt ABD,
= tan 45
BD

x
75

45

BC
= cot 75 BC = AB
AB

3 1
3 +1

31
3 +1

1
2
3
2

1 + 2.

1
1
2 =
=
1+ 3
2 (1 + 3)

=x . (

(R) is also true Q The median of a divides it into


two parts which are equal in area

Height of the centre of the balloon

ABD ACD (A) is true

OB = OA sin = r cosec
sin
2

In rt ABC ,

ABCD is not a square


A
Q Diagonals of a square
are equal and bisectors of each other.

OAB =

OB
In rt OBA,
= sin
OA

x
= 1 x = BD
BD

D
O

OA
OA

= cosec
= cosec

2
OC
r
2

1+ 2 + 3
= 0.3
18

AOD BOC

tangent at the pt. of contact.


OC AC
In rt OCA,

units

19. (d) A no. is divisible by 4 if the no. formed by the digits


at units place and tens place is divisible by 4.
20. (d) In s AOD and BOC,
AO = OC
(Q diagonals AC and BD
OD = OC
bisect each other)
AOD = BOC
(V.O.A. by SAS rule)

Q Tangents are equally inclined to the line joining the


pt. and centre of the circle. Also radius is to the

OA = r cosec

2x
3 +1

129.6
144
Rs 250000)
Rs 100000
360
360

having only male child =

= tan 60 = 3 y = 2 3 3 = 6m

13. (d) CAD= CAO =

)=

= Rs 50,000
18. (b) Average no. of male children in households

C
x

= 2 x = 4 3 m

3 +1

15. (d) In such frequency distributions, lower and upper


limits are included.
5 x 8 = no. of persons

12. (d) Let the height of tree be AB


= AC + CB = x + y
Broken part = AC = CD = x
In rt CBD,
DC
= sec 60 = 2
DB

3 1

cos 45
=
cos =
1 2 cos 30

1
2
1 2.

3
2

1
2 (1 3)

which is ve
As 0 90 i.e. lies in Ist quad.
cos is +ve

196 SEPTEMBER 2001 THE COMPETITION MASTER

A is false

OBJECTIVE-TYPE QUESTIONS
sin2 + cos2 =

1
2 (1 + 3 )

1
mins
1
1
+
50 60

1
2 (1 3)

(1 3 )2 + (1 + 3 )2
2

2 (1 + 3) (1 3 )

1+ 3 2 3 + 1+ 3 + 2 3
2 (1 3)2

8
2 ( 2) 2

=1

1
tank can be filled in
2

1
minutes
1 1
2( + )
50 60

Times taken to fill the tank = 25 +

R is true

30. (c) Let the speed of slower train be x m/sec


Speed of faster train = 2x m/sec
Relative speed = x + 2x = 3x m/sec.
(Q trains are moving in opp. directions
speeds are added)
Total distance = 100 + 100 = 200 m, T = 8 sec

3 2 1
24. (a) , ,
7 3 3
9, 14 , 7
21

Arranging in ascending order, we get


9 7 14
3 1 2
,
,
, ,
or
21 21 21
7 3 3

T=

A.T.S.

D
50
200
25
8 =
x = , 2x =
3
S
3x
3

x5
x

Speed of faster train =

2(x 5) x 5
8 5 3
=
x = 8 No. =
=
x+8
x
8
8

25. (d) Let the deno. be x Rational no. =

26. (b) 99.35 < 102.20 < 103


99.35 < 102.20 < 103

Correct sequence of matching values is 1, 3, 2


.85 .121
.022 .25 1.7

85 121 10

= 11
=
22 25 17

(0.01) + (0.22) + (0.333)


2

28. (c)

=
=

Remaining work = 1

1
4 1
= days
work is done by A and B in
12
12 3

New exp. =

(0.01)2 + (0.22)2 + (0.333)2


(0.1)2 + [(0.01)2 + (0.22)2 + (0.333)2 ]
(0.1)

Increase =

1
= 100
0.01

29. (d) P1 can fill half tank in

1
24 = 8 hours
3

32. (b) Let the original price be Rs x/litre and consumption


= y litre
Original exp. = Rs xy

(0.1 0.01)2 + (0.1 0.22)2 + (0.1 0.333)2

1 1 1
+ =
6 12 4

1 work is done by A and B in 4 days

(0.01)2 + (0.22)2 + (0.333)2

11 1
=
12 12

(A + B)s one days work =

(0.001)2 + (0.022)2 + (0.0333)2


=

50 18
= 60 km/hr
3 5
1 1 1
11
+ )=
6 12 18 12

103 , 99.35 , 102.20 = 10.1489, 9.967 , 10.109


.85 (.105 + .024 .008)
=
.022 .25 1.7

50
m/sec
3

31. (c) (A + B+ C)s 3 days work = 3( +

9.967 < 10.109 < 10.1489

27. (a)

1
min
1 1
2( + )
50 60

100 12
125
11
x (
)y = Rs xy
100
100
10

11
1
xy xy = xy
10
10
1

100

% increase = 10 xy xy = 10
50
= 25 minutes
2

1 1
+
(P1 + P2)s one mins work =
50 60
Whole tank can be filled by P1 and P2 together in

33. (d) Let P = Rs x A = 2x I = A P = 2x x = Rs x


R=

I 100 x 100
=
=8
P T x 25
2

If A = 3x I = 2x

197 SEPTEMBER 2001 THE COMPETITION MASTER

OBJECTIVE-TYPE QUESTIONS
T=

I 100 2x 100
= 25 yrs
=
PR
x8

= log10 26 119 32 39

log mn = log m + log n

= log10 1 = 0

log m = log m log n

51

34. (a) Let CP = Rs x

CP (100 + P%)
CP (100 Loss%)
or
SP =
100
100

25
x (100 )

x
106
2 = 185 x = Rs 500
A.T.S.

100
100
2

35. (c) 7986 = x (1 +

10 3
) x = 6000
100

36. (c) Second sons share =

3520
30 100 8 = Rs 6400
22 100 6

38. (d) Let Cs income be Rs 100


Bs income = Rs 80
As income =

48. (c)

39.
40.

41.
42.

43.

Ratio of incomes of A, B and C


= 88 : 80 : 100 = 22 : 20 : 25
(c) 1681 = 412
(b)
x6 + x3 + 1
x3 1 ) 9
x 3
x 9 x6
x6 3
x6 x 3
x3 3
x3 1
2
(a) When 109 is divided by 5 or 7, R = 4 in each case
(d) A no. is divisible by 11 if the diff. between the digits
at even and odd places is 0 or a no. divisible by 11.
Sum of digits at odd places = 8 + 7 + 3 + 4 = 22
Sum of digits at even places = 1 + 2 + 8 = 11
Diff. = 22 11 = 11 which is divisible by 11
(c) Average age of the remaining 24 students
=

30 15 6 16 = 14 yrs 9 months
24

44. (a) 9570 = 10 11 87


As HCF must be factor of L.C.M. HCF = 11
45. (a) log10

26
119
13
64
+ log
log10
log
51
91
32
39

49. (b)

50. (a)

51. (a)

110
80 = Rs 88
100

46. (b) log 2100 = 100 log 2


= 100 (0.3010) = 30.10
No. of digits in 2100 = 30 + 1 = 31
10
47. (c) log10 log10 log10 (1010 ) = log10 log10 1010.log1010

11

Reqd. bill =

64

log mn = n log m

One daughter gets = 11 + 9 2000 = Rs 1100


37. (d) Total consumption of electricity by lighting 22 bulbs
= 22 100 6 watt hrs Bill = Rs 3520

13

loga1 = 0 (a 0)

4
10800 = Rs 3600
3+ 4+5

Money to be divided among two daughters


= 3600 1000 600 = Rs 2000

91

(log1010 = 1
= log10 log10 1010 = log10 10 1
=11=1
log mn = n log m)
ab=1
(a b)3 = 13
a3 b3 3ab (a b) = 1
a3 b3 3ab 1 = 1
(Q a b = 1)
3
3
a

3ab
=
1

Let p(x) = x2 + kx + 9
When p(x) is divided by x 3, R = p(3) = 0
32 + k 3 + 9 = 0 k = 6
ab (c2 + 1) + c(a2 + b2) = abc2 + ab + ca2 + cb2
= abc2 + ca2 + ab + cb2 = ac(bc + a) + b (a + bc)
= (a + bc) (ac + b)
Let a = 2x 3y, b = 3y 5z, c = 5z 2x
a + b + c = 2x 3y + 3y 5z + 5z 2x = 0
3
3
3
a + b + c = 3abc
3
3
3
(2x 3y) + (3y 5z) + (5z 2x)
= 3 (2x 3y) (3y 5z) (5z 2x)

52. (c) x2 + 1) x13 + x11 + x7 + x5 + x3 (x11 + x5 + x


x13 + x11
x7 + x5 + x3
x7 + x5
x3
x3 + x
x
53. (d) Let p(x) = x3 + x2 + x + a
When p(x) is divided by x 1, R = p(1) = 0
3
2
1 +1 +1+a=0 a=3
54. (c) a (a + b), a2(a b) (a + b), ab2 (a + b)2
L.C.M. = a2b2 (a + b)2 (a b)
55. (a) x3 1 = (x 1) (x2 + x + 1), x4 + x2 + 1
= (x2)2 + 2x2 + 1 x2 = (x2 + 1)2 x2
= (x2 + 1 x) (x2 + 1 + x)
L.C.M. = (x2 + x + 1) (x 1) (x2 + 1 x)
56. (c) a + b + c = 11 (a + b + c)2 = 112
2
2
2
a + b + c + 2 (ab + bc + ca) = 121
2
2
2
a + b + c + 2 20 = 121 a2 + b2 + c2 = 81
a3 + b3 + c3 3abc
= (a + b + c) [a2 + b2 + c2 (ab + bc + ca)]

198 SEPTEMBER 2001 THE COMPETITION MASTER

OBJECTIVE-TYPE QUESTIONS
= 11 [81 20] = 671

Constant term = P = = 9 1 = 9 is correct

1 3
57. (d) (x + ) = 23
x

x3 +

+3x

x3

or x3 +

1
x

1
1
(x + ) = 8
x
x

+ 3 2 = 8 x3 +

58. (d) For no sol.

Correct roots are 9,1

65. (a) If one root is 2 +

1
x

=2

12

x
+ y = 1 x + 2y = 2
2

2
The quadratic equation is x 4x 1 = 0

66. (c) Let the roots be and 2

.......(i)

b
S=
a

.......(ii)
P=

60. (b) Let the cost of a chair be Rs x and that of a table = Rs y


......(i)
3x + y = 900
5x + 3y = 2100
.....(ii)
Solving (i) and (ii), x = 150, y = 450
4x + y = 4 150 + 450 = 1050
.....(i)
61. (b) Let the nos. be x and y x + y = 80
.....(ii)
3x = 5y
3x 5y = 0
Solving (i) and (ii), x = 50, y = 30
.....(i)

3
+ 4y = 5
x

....(ii)

a
1
( 1)
k b b

1
b
1
a

68. (b) xy = yx
Put the value of y in (i)

I
JJ
JK

a
b

F
=Gk
GH

1 a
( 1)
kb b

1 1

b a

or y = 1

x +1 3
63. (c)
= 4x 3y = 1
y +1 4
x5 7
= 10x 7y = 15
y 5 10

4
1
+ 5 1= 7 x =
x
3
1
Sol. is ( , 1)
3

a
b

=k

a a 1
)
b b b

a
1 ( b 1)
b

I
JJ
K

=a

a
1)
b

x = 2y (2y)y = y2y
1

(2y y ) y = (y 2y ) y 2y = y 2 y = 2
2

1
1
+ (0.0001) 2 (1000) 3 = + .01 (10 3 ) 3
2
4

69. (a)
=

1
1
1
+ 0 .0 1 1 0 2 = + 0 .0 1
2
2
10 2

1
1
1 1
+ 0.01
= + 0.01 0.01 =
2
100 2
2

....(i)
....(ii)

I
JJ
K

F
= Gk
GH

12
+ 16y = 20
x

a = kb , b = ka

F
FG a IJ = GG k
H bK G
Hk
a
b

12
+ 15y = 21
x

=1

2
3
. = = c

67. (b) ab = ba = k

Multiplying (i) by 3 and (ii) by 4, we get

c
a

a = 1, b = b, c = c

b
2
=b
+ =
1

+ 2 = b
Cubing both sides, we get,
3 + 6 + 3. . 2 ( + 2) = b3
c + c2 + 3.c (b) = b3 or b3 + c2 + c = 3bc

1 3
=
2 2

62. (a) 4 + 5y = 7

5 +2 5 =4
Product of roots = (2 + 5 ) (2 5 ) = 22 5 = 1

1
Solving (i) and (ii), we get x = 1, y =
2
x+y=1+

5 Other root = 2

Sum of roots = 2 +

28
a1 b1 9 4
=
= k =
9
a2 b2 7 k

59. (c) x + y = 5 3x + 4y = 5
4

2
Correct quadratic equation is x 10x + 9 = 0
(x 9)(x 1) = 0 x= 9, 1

70. (b) A = {..., 6, 10, 14, 18, ...}

Solving (i) and (ii), x = 26, y = 35


64. (b) Quadratic equation is x 2 Sx + P = 0
or x2 ( + ) x + = 0
As in first case constant term is wrong

Coeff. of x is correct + = 8 + 2 = 10

In case II, he commits a mistake in coeff of x

Putting n = 1, 2, 3, 4....
in 4n + 2
B = {...., 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18}
n
A B = {...,6,18,...}

Which is of the form 12n + 6.


By putting n = 0, we get 6, n = 1 we get = 18.
n may be ve also as n is any integer.
71. (c) Q x cant be greater than 1 and less than one at the
same time

199 SEPTEMBER 2001 THE COMPETITION MASTER

OBJECTIVE-TYPE QUESTIONS
72. (b) f(x) = kx + 1,
g(x) = 3x + 2
fog = f(g(x)) = f(3x + 2) = k (3x + 2) + 1
gof = g(f(x)) = g (kx + 1) = 3 (kx + 1) + 2
A.T.S. k(3x + 2) + 1 = 3(kx + 1) + 2 k = 2
73. (c) As CD is a st. line
x + x + y + y = 180
x + y = 90

A
y
y

AB = DC, AB = BE DC = BE
1 = 2 (corres. s), 3 = 1(corres. s) 2 = 3

In s DCF and BEC,


DF = BC, DC = BE, 2 = 3

DC F and BEC are identical

CF = CE

74. (b) As one angle is > than each of the two remaining
angles by 30
x + x + (x + 30) = 180 x = 50
Angles are 50, 50, 80
75. (c) Each angle of a regular pentagon = 108
D

In AED,
AE = DE

EDA = EAD

DEA + EAD + EDA = 180

108 + x + x = 180 x = 36
BAD = BAE EAD = 108 36 = 72 or BAP = 72

AB = AE ABE = AEB = y (say)

O
B

Diagonals are at rt s to each other


135 45
=
2
2

135
DOX 2
=
= 2 =3
XOC 4 45
2
x = 60 (corres. s)
110 = 70

1
But x =
2

E
C

Q Length can't be ve x = 1

80. (b) DE = FB [QDC = AB

1
1
DC = AB
2
2

C
M

DE = FB
DE FB QDC AB

D
DFBE is a D gm DF D BE
D

In CDL, E is the mid-pt of DC, EM DL (Q DF BE)


CM = ML

LM + LM + LM = AC LM =

1
AC
3

81. (d) In ABC, E and F are the mid-pts of AB and BC resp.


EF AC SlyHG AC

D
EF D GH

(a) is correct

H
A

F
E

DHG and DAC are similar (Q D is common)

and DHG = DAC (corres. s )


1
ar( DGH) DH 2 DH 2 2 AD 2 1
) =(
) =
=
=(

ar DAC AD2 AD
4
AD
ar ( DGH) =

1
ar (DAC)
4

Sly ar ( BEF)=

1
ar ( ABC)
4

ar (DGH) + ar (BEF)

z =EGF = 70 (corres. s)
y = 180 60 z = 180 60 70 = 50

x = 60 , y = 50 , z = 70

78. (d) AD = DF
AD = BC
DF = BC

4x 3 8x 7
1
=
x = 1,
3x 1 5x 3
2

Sly AL = LM

76. (b) 1 = 45 Q Diagonals of a square bisect each angle


x
C
D
of a square
13 4
2
DO = DX

EGF= 180

AL = ML = CM, AL + LM + CM = AC

APE = BAP + ABP = 72 + 36 = 108

77. (a)

M is the mid-pt of CL

108 + y + y = 180 y = 36
APE is the ext of PAB at P.

4 +2 = 904 = 90 2 = 90

AD AE

=
79. (b) Q DE BC
DB EC

( s opp. to equal sides are equal)


= x (say)

180 45 135
=
2 = 3 =
2
2

(C.P.C.T.)

(a), (b), (c) are correct (d) is not correct

c is correct

(Opps. sides of a
gm are equal)

D
A

1
1
(ar DAC + ar ABC) =
ar quad ABCD
4
4

C
3

Sly ar ( CFG) + ar ( AEH) =

200 SEPTEMBER 2001 THE COMPETITION MASTER

1
ar (quad ABCD)
4

OBJECTIVE-TYPE QUESTIONS
Area

D gm EFGH = ar quad ABCD [ar ( DGH)


+ ar ( BEF) + ar ( CFG) + ar ( AEH)]

1
ar quad ABCD
= ar quad ABCD
4

(b) is correct (d) is not correct.


82. (c) Through O, draw a line LM meeting
DC and AB in M and L resp.
D
Join AO. In s EOD and COB,

2 = 1 1 = 2 y

OA = OB

x = 3y

85. (d)
B

EOD ~ COB

86. (d) l =

22
56

2r =
2 21 = 20.53cm
7
360
360

87. (c) a2 + b2 = (5)2 = 25

1
6 = ab
2

4 ar ( EOD) = ar( BOC)

Now AOD and gm AMLD are on the same base


AD and between the same parallels AD and LM.

ar AOD= ar gmAMLD

1
2

1
ab
ar ABC =
2

AD
ar( EOD) DE2
DE 2
1

=
=(
) = ( 2 )2 =
AD
4
ar( COB) BC2
BC

a2 + (

12
b=
a

ab = 12

or a 2 +

144
a2

= 25 a 4

ar ( AOD) + arDBOC

If a = 3, b =

12
= 4 cm
3

If a = 4, b =

12
= 3 cm
4

1
= [ar gm AMLD + ar gm MBLC]
2

1
2

2 ar (EOD) + 4(ar EOD) = [ar gmABCD]


1
6 ar ( EOD) = 24
2

[In AOD,DE is the median


1
ar( EOD) = ar AOD
2

ar( EOD) = 2

ar AOD = 2 ar EOD

83. (b) AB = r1 + r2 = 4
... (i)
BC = r2 + r3 = 6
... (ii)
CA = r3 + r1 = 7
...(iii)
Adding (i), (ii) & (iii)
2 (r1 + r2 + r3) = 17

r1 =

17
2

r1
r2
B

r1

r2

3 2
a
Z
4
88. (a) r = = 3
S
a
2

17
r3 =
4 = 4.5 cm.
2

or a = 3, 4
a 3 or 4
as length cant be ve

Z = area of

1
S = 2 perimeter

3
3
5 3
a=
5=
cm
6
6
6

89. (c) Area of paper = 168 2 = area of four walls


2 (L + B) h = 336 or (16 + 2h)h = 168 h = 6
B = 2h = 2 6 = 12
Area of floor = L B = 16 12 = 192m2
90. (d) Area of remaining paper
D
= ar rect ABCD ar(semicircle
with BC as dia)
= 14 7

...(iv)

17
17
5
6 = = 2.5 cm
(r2 + r3) =
2
2
2

17
r2 =
7 = 1.5 cm
2

r3

r3
C

25a 2 + 144 = 0

(a2 9) (a2 16) = 0 a2 = 9, a2 = 16

12 2
) = 25
a

Sly ar BOC = ar gm MBLC

r1 + r 2 + r 3 =

x= 1+ C = 2y + y
L
O

3 y

x is the ext of OAC at O

EOD = COB (V.O.A.)


OED = OCB (alt. s )

1 2

2 = 3 + C = y + y = 2y

1
1
ar quad ABCD = ar quad ABCD
4
2

1
2

A
84. (b) OB = OA (radii of a circle)
x
OA = BC (given)

=
3
y

OB = BC
2 is the ext of OBC at B

1 22 7 7
= 78.75
2 7 2 2

91. (a) Area of a rhombus =

201 SEPTEMBER 2001 THE COMPETITION MASTER

O
A

O
B

1
1
d1d2 = AC BD
2
2

1
24 = AC 6 = AC = 8
2

OBJECTIVE-TYPE QUESTIONS
1
2

1
2

97. (d) Vol. of a cylinder = Vol. of a sphere

2
2
AD2 = AO2 + OD2 = ( AC) +( BD)

4
h 4 h
4
2
r 2h = r 3 = , =
=
3
r 3 2r 3 2 3

8
6
= ( )2 + ( )2 = 25
2
2
AD = 5 cm

[Diagonals of a rhombus are


bisectors of each other]

Side = 5 cm

98. (d) r 2h = 924cm 3 , 2 rh = 264 cm 2

r 2h 924
=
r = 7
2rh 264

1
92. (d) ar trap = (a1 + a2 ) h
2

1
ar of a = b h
2

48

24

III
24

IV
12
6
6

Reqd. area

12
6

d = 2 r = 2 7 = 14 cm

II
C

99. (c)

1
1
1
= 12 6 + (6 + 12) 12 + ( 48 + 24) 12
2
2
2
1
+ 96 24 = 1728 sq. cm.
2

93. (a) S.A. of a cone = r(r + l)


94. (d) h1 = OB =
h2 = OA =

6.5 2 1.6 2 = 6.3


2 2 1.6 2 = 1.2

6.5

2
1.6

1 2
1
r (h1 ) + r 2 h 2
3
3

1
1 2
r (h1 + h 2 ) = 1.62 (6.3 + 1.2)
3
3

O
D

Vol. of double cone


= Vol. of cone BDC + Vol. of cone ADC

95. (b) h = 9 cm, r =

1
9
( )2 9
3
2

GENERAL
KNOWLEDGE
REFRESHER

Recommended for all Competitive


Examinations

1 22 81
=
9 = 190.9 cm2 (approx.)
3 7
4

96. (c) OLB ~ OMD

1 2h
r
3
3
Reqd. ratio = 1 2 1 2 h
R h r
3
3
3

2
12 3
3
= 96
100. (b) No. of containers =
4
( )2 3
2

O.P. KHANNA

9
cm
2

h
OL
LB
r
1

=
3=
OM MD
h R 3

S1 4r12 r1 2 1 2 1
=
= ( ) = ( ) = = 1 : 16
S 2 4r2
r2
4
16

By

= 20 cm3 (approx)

Vol =

h 2 h d
= or =
d 3 2 3

Revised and Updated

2001 Edition

h/3
h

L
M

C
R

Prestigious Publication of

1 2
r h
1
1 1
1
3
=
= [
] = = 1 : 26
3 1 2 R2 1
3 9 1 26
r h [ 2 ]
3
3
3
r

KHANNA BROTHERS
(Publishers)
126, Industrial Area-1, Chandigarh - 160 002

202 SEPTEMBER 2001 THE COMPETITION MASTER