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Math 1 X5
General Mathematics
A mathematics appreciation course
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Math 1 - 05
Uses of the representation
J.M.Basilla

Uses of the representation

Generalization:
Base b numeration
system
A mind reading
trick
Addition with
Hindu Arabic
Numerals
Multiplication with
Numeration
System

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Institute of Mathematics
University of the Philippines-Diliman
jbasilla@math.upd.edu.ph
http://www.math.upd.edu.ph/faculty/jbasilla/
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Julius Magalona Basilla

22 April 2014
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Important terminologies associated with a


numeration system using place value
Math 1 - 05
Uses of the representation
J.M.Basilla

Generalization:
Base b numeration
system

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A mind reading
trick

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1. Face Value - Value associated with the


character/numeral regardless of its position
2. Place Value - the value multiplied to the face value of
the character/numeral found in the position

Multiplication with
Numeration
System

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3. digit, the numerals/characters used to represent


each face values.

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Addition with
Hindu Arabic
Numerals

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base b system

Math 1 - 05
Uses of the representation
J.M.Basilla

Generalization:
Base b numeration
system

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A mind reading
trick

The place values are in powers of b, e.g.


b1 = b, b2 , etc.

b0

= 1,

Hence, we require b face values, 0, 1, 2, . . . b 1

Addition with
Hindu Arabic
Numerals
Multiplication with
Numeration
System

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Hence b symbols to represent each face value

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Math 1 - 05
Uses of the representation
J.M.Basilla

Generalization:
Base b numeration
system

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A mind reading
trick

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Multiplication with
Numeration
System

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Think of a number from 1, 2, 3, . . ., 31.

Addition with
Hindu Arabic
Numerals

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Group 1

Math 1 - 05
Uses of the representation
J.M.Basilla

Generalization:
Base b numeration
system

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19
23
27
31

Addition with
Hindu Arabic
Numerals
Multiplication with
Numeration
System

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17 18
21 22
25 26
29 30
Group 1

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16
20
24
28

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A mind reading
trick

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Group 2

Math 1 - 05
Uses of the representation
J.M.Basilla

Generalization:
Base b numeration
system

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Addition with
Hindu Arabic
Numerals

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Multiplication with
Numeration
System

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8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15
24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31
Group 2

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A mind reading
trick

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Group 3

Math 1 - 05
Uses of the representation
J.M.Basilla

Generalization:
Base b numeration
system

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Addition with
Hindu Arabic
Numerals

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Multiplication with
Numeration
System

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4 5 6 7
12 13 14 15
20 21 22 23
28 29 30 31
Group 3

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A mind reading
trick

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Group 4

Math 1 - 05
Uses of the representation
J.M.Basilla

Generalization:
Base b numeration
system

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Addition with
Hindu Arabic
Numerals

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Multiplication with
Numeration
System

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2 3 6 7
10 11 14 15
18 19 22 23
26 27 30 31
Group 4

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A mind reading
trick

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Group 5

Math 1 - 05
Uses of the representation
J.M.Basilla

Generalization:
Base b numeration
system

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Addition with
Hindu Arabic
Numerals

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Multiplication with
Numeration
System

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1 3 5 7
9 11 13 15
17 19 21 23
25 27 29 31
Group 5

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A mind reading
trick

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Math 1 - 05
Uses of the representation
J.M.Basilla

7
15
23
31

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8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15
24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31
Group 2
1 3 5 7
9 11 13 15
17 19 21 23
25 27 29 31
Group 5

4 5 6 7
12 13 14 15
20 21 22 23
28 29 30 31
Group 3

A mind reading
trick
Addition with
Hindu Arabic
Numerals
Multiplication with
Numeration
System

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19
23
27
31

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2
10
18
26

17 18
21 22
25 26
29 30
Group 1
3 6
11 14
19 22
27 30
Group 4

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24
28

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Generalization:
Base b numeration
system

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Addition table

Math 1 - 05
Uses of the representation
J.M.Basilla

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6
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2
2
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1
1
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0
0
1
2
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5
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8
9

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0
1
2
3
4
5
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9

7
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16

8
8
9
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12
13
14
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16
17

9
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
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Generalization:
Base b numeration
system
A mind reading
trick
Addition with
Hindu Arabic
Numerals
Multiplication with
Numeration
System

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Addition with Hindu-Arabic Numeration


Math 1 - 05
Uses of the representation
J.M.Basilla

Generalization:
Base b numeration
system

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17 18 3

Addition with
Hindu Arabic
Numerals

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Multiplication with
Numeration
System

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+ 3 1 8
1 1 0 1
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A mind reading
trick

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Addition with Binary Numerals


Generalization:
Base b numeration
system
A mind reading
trick
Addition with
Hindu Arabic
Numerals

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Multiplication with
Numeration
System

1
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Another example
1 10 10 11
+
1 0
1
1
1 0 1
0
1
Indeed, 19 + 23 = 42.

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Addition Table in Binary Numeration System


+ 0 1
0 0 1
1 1 10
An Example
1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 =35
+
1 0
1
1 1 =23
1 1 1
0
1 0 =58
Indeed, 35 + 23 = 58.
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Math 1 - 05
Uses of the representation
J.M.Basilla

=19
=23
=42
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Addition with Base 5 Numerals

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A mind reading
trick
Addition with
Hindu Arabic
Numerals
Multiplication with
Numeration
System

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Generalization:
Base b numeration
system

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Addition Table in Base 5 Numeration System


+ 0 1
2
3
4
0 0 1
2
3
4
1 1 2
3
4 10
2 2 3
4 10 11
3 3 4 10 11 12
4 4 10 11 12 13
An Example
2 0 1 1 1 2 1 3 4 =6444
+
3 2
4
2 4 =2239
2 3 4
2
1 3 =8683
Indeed, 6444 + 2239 = 8683.
Another example
13 10 11 14
3 =1923
+
2
4
3
4 3 =1848
1 1
0
0
4
=3771
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Math 1 - 05
Uses of the representation
J.M.Basilla

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Addition with the Babylonian Numerals


Math 1 - 05
Uses of the representation
J.M.Basilla

783.
318

Generalization:
Base b numeration
system

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21

1101

Multiplication with
Numeration
System

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823.

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18
1080

Addition with
Hindu Arabic
Numerals

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A mind reading
trick

318

1
1

1141

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Multiplication

Math 1 - 05
Uses of the representation
J.M.Basilla

7
0
7
14
21
28
35
42
49
56
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0
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12
18
24
30
36
42
48
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5
0
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30
35
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4
0
4
8
12
16
20
24
28
32
36

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3
0
3
6
9
12
15
18
21
24
27

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2
0
2
4
6
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12
14
16
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1
0
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0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

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0
1
2
3
4
5
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8
9

8
0
8
16
24
32
40
48
56
64
72

9
0
9
18
27
36
45
54
63
72
81

Generalization:
Base b numeration
system
A mind reading
trick
Addition with
Hindu Arabic
Numerals
Multiplication with
Numeration
System

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Multiplication with decimal system


Math 1 - 05
Uses of the representation
J.M.Basilla

Generalization:
Base b numeration
system

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7
2
4

Addition with
Hindu Arabic
Numerals
Multiplication with
Numeration
System

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1 3

4
1
2 7
5 4 8
5 7 5

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A mind reading
trick

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Multiplication with binary numerals

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1
0
1

=19
=5

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1
1
1

0
0
0

Indeed,

19
5
95

Math 1 - 05
Uses of the representation
J.M.Basilla

Generalization:
Base b numeration
system
A mind reading
trick
Addition with
Hindu Arabic
Numerals
Multiplication with
Numeration
System

=95

0
10 0

1
1
0

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1
0
1
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An Example
1 0 0

1
1 0 0
0 0 0 0
1 0 0 1 1
1 0 1 1 1
Another Example
1

10 1
10 1
0
1
0
1
1 0 1
0
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Multiplication table in binary numerals

0
1

1
1
11
1
1
0

1
1
1
1

1
1
1

=23
=7
Indeed,

23
7
161
/

18 21

161

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Multiplication with the babylonian Numerals


Math 1 - 05
Uses of the representation
J.M.Basilla

Generalization:
Base b numeration
system

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A mind reading
trick

12

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13

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156

Addition with
Hindu Arabic
Numerals

72

Multiplication with
Numeration
System

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936

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Exercises

Math 1 - 05
Uses of the representation
J.M.Basilla

Generalization:
Base b numeration
system

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Addition with
Hindu Arabic
Numerals
Multiplication with
Numeration
System

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A mind reading
trick

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1. Complete the following additition table for the guy


who cannot pronounce the letter f and v.
+ 0 1 2 3 6 8 9
0 0 1 2 3 6 8 9
1
2
3
6
8
9

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Exercises

Math 1 - 05
Uses of the representation
J.M.Basilla

Generalization:
Base b numeration
system

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Addition with
Hindu Arabic
Numerals
Multiplication with
Numeration
System

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A mind reading
trick

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2. Complete the following multiplication table for the guy


who cannot pronounce f and v.
+ 0 1 2 3 6 8 9
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 0 1 2 3 6 8 9
2 0 2
3 0 3
6 0 6
8 0 8
9 0 9

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