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LESSON PLAN

School

: SMA Laboratory School Salatiga

Subject

: English

Grade / Semester

:X/2

Topic

: Lets Describe!

Language Competence : Listening, Speaking, Reading, and Writing


Time

: 4 x 45

Session

: 2nd

Number of students

: 40

A. Standard of Competence
Students are able to: Understand and express short and simple functional and simple
essay in term of narrative, descriptive and news items in daily life.
B. Basic of Competence
Students are able to:
1. Give respond to a simple descriptive text accurately and fluently about students
in daily context.
2. Identify the structure of descriptive text.
3. Write short, good, and simple descriptive text about students in daily context.
C. Learning Objectives
At the end of the lesson students are able to understand and produce descriptive text
D. Learning Indicator
At the end of the lesson, students are able to:
1. Present dialogue descriptive text
2. Present monologue of descriptive text
3. Read descriptive text
4. Write descriptive text
E. Teaching Materials
(See attachment)
F. Teaching Method
Direct Method
G. Procedures
ACTIVITIES

TEACHER

STUDENT
PRE TEACHING

1. Greets the students and cheecks the


students attendence

1. Responds to the teachers


greeting and the teachers call
2. Respond to the teachers
question

2. Does brain storming about description


text.
WHILE TEACHING
1. Displays the monologue about
descriptive text once.
(Attachment 1)
2. Distributes question sheet
(Attachment 1)
3. Displays the monologue twice
4. Asks the students to submit the
answersheet
5. Discusses the answer together in class
6. Asks the students to ,make a group in
pairs.
7. Gives each students a picture of
tourism place and ask them to make a
conversation related to the picture
given. (Attachment 2)

DURATION
6
2
4
60

1. Listen and take a note

2. Receive the question sheet

3. Listen and answer the


question in answersheet.

4. Submit the answersheet

5. Take part on the disscussion

6. Do the teachers instruction.

7. Do the teachers instruction.

10

8. Read the descriptive text

9. Do the assignment.

10. Take part on the discussion.

11. Do the teachers instruction


and take part on the

8. Gives the students a descriptive text


and ask them to read.
(Attachment 3)
9. Asks the student to complete the
exercise from the text.
(Attachment 3)
10.
Discusses the answer in class
11.

Gives the students a

descriptive text, asks them to analyze


the structure of descriptive text and
discuss the answer in class.
(Attachment 4)
12.
Asks the students to complete
the preposition on the text orally
(Attachment 5)
13.
Asks the students to make a
group of 4 and sit on a line.

discussion.
12. Responds to the teachers.

13. Do the teacher instruction.

14. Do the teacher instruction.

15. Give command on the


discussion.

16. Write a descriptive text

15

14.
Gives them a paper and topic,
and then asks each of the members to
make a sentence which is relevant to
the topic and previous sentences to
make a good descriptive text as soon
as possible.
15.
Discusses the answer together
in class.

16.
Gives the students some
pictures on the LCD and asks them to
write descriptive text.
(Attachment 6)
POST TECHING
1. Reviews and gives feedback to the
materials today (question and answer
session)

1. Pay attention to the teachers


and ask question if there is
something that they still do
not understand.

10
5

5
2. Gives a home work (Attachment
7)

2. Pay attention to the teacher

and take note if it is necessary.

H. Source / AVA:
1. Text Book (Developing English Competencies for Senior High School, Grade X)
2. LCD
I. Teaching Aid
1. Tape recorder and video
2. Text book (Developing English Competencies for Senior High School)

J. Assesment:
1. Listening: General Exercise
2. Speaking: Dialogue
3. Reading: Quiz
4. Writing: Make a paragraph

Attachment 1
Listening Section.

Lawang Sewu
Lawang Sewu is one of the famous 1.____ in Indonesia. It is
named 2.____ which means 3.____. Besides its thousand doors, it
is also well known for the fascinating 4.____ representing the
Dutch Symbolism. The stained glass windows are similar with
those of the places like The Hague and Rotterdam and also the
Royal family. The building has numerous 5.____ which open out to
the ofces on one side of the ofce and the other end of the
building on the other hand. It is a famous 6.____ in the region of
Semarang and a pride for Java.

Adapted from www.central java-tourism.com

Attachment 2
Study the following dialogue. Then, make your own dialogue and act it with your
partner.
Dandy : I've never been to Borobudur before. What is it like?
Kayla : It's very beautiful. The temple is extravagant. Beautiful stone
carvings surrounded the temple and the statues are amazing too.
Dandy : Wow, I wish I can see it for myself.
Kayla : Actually, my parents are taking me there again this vacation. What
if you come and join us?
Dandy : How can I say no? Of course I'd love to come.
Kayla : Great. I'm sure my parents won't mind.
Picture

Attachment 3

The Easter Island


Easter Island is in the South Pacic, 3,700
kilometres from the coast of Chile. On the island,
there are 600 large statues. We don't know who built
them but they were probably constructed between
1150 and 1500. We don't really know why they are
there.
Norwegian explorer, Thor Heyerdahl, believed
that they were built by people from South America. To
prove this, he made a simple raft and sailed there, all
the way from Peru.
Archaeologists think that the statues represent
dead tribal leaders. We don't know why the statues
left alone on the island. Perhaps they were killed by
disease or war. Perhaps the builders used all the
natural resources on the island. There are many
unanswered questions about Easter Island.
Taken from Cambridge English for Schools, 2000
Source: Cambridge English for Schools, 2000

Great Zimbabwe
In 1871 Karl Mauch, a German, discovered a
huge stonewalls in Zimbabwe, Africa. The walls
covered 25 hectares around what is now called Great
Zimbabwe'. Great Zimbabwe is the most impressive
Iron Age site in Africa. On top of a hill, there is a
large castle and under neat this is the Great
Enclosure'. The Great Enclosure has enormous walls
sometimes 11 meters high and 1.2 meters thick.
Inside the GreatPueblo
EnclosureBonito
there are many huts,
passages
rooms and
a mysterious
Oneand
thousand
years
ago, in the 9-metre-high
desert of the
stone
tower
that
has
no
stairs,
no
windows,
andmultino
Chaco Canyon, the Anasazi people built nine
doors.
Why
did
they
build
the
tower?
We
don't
know.
storey buildings called Great Houses'. They used
stone
for even
the walls
theZimbabwe
oors, doors
We
don't
knowand
whowood
built for
Great
it and
is
roofs.
They
transported
more
than
200,000
trees
from
a mystery to African and foreign archaeologists. They
foreststhe
almost
80 Enclosure
kilometres was
away.built
How about
did they
move
think
Great
1,000
the trees? We don't know.
years ago.
In some buildings there are huge circular rooms
Taken
Cambridge
English
2000 and it
called from
kivas'the
biggest
onefor
is Schools,
under ground
Source:
Cambridge
English
for
Schools,
2000
is about 16 metres wide. Why did the Anasazi build
circular rooms? We don't know. Perhaps they used
them for religious ceremonies or for storing crops. We
know the Anasazi people abandoned the Great
Houses. Why did they leave? Hunger? War? We really
don't know.
Taken from Cambridge English for Schools, 2000
Source: Cambridge English for Schools, 2000

Complete the following box with the information from the text to show the
description of those places.

Attachment 4
Read the following text. Pay attention to the structure of the text.
Gua Tabuhan Is a Lively Unique Cave
In the cave, Nyi (Mrs) Kamiyem and Ki (Mr) Padmo sit on a big stone.
Nyi Kamiyem will sing a song and Ki Padmo will beat the drum. Joining them
are people called wiyogo which are drummers and other gamelan musicians.
What makes this unique is that they mix gamelan with the sounds of
nature. The visitors dance, forgetting all problems.

Many tourists go to this cave. Maybe you are interested in going there
too but you don't know where it is Gua Tabuhan is located near Pacitan in
East Java. It is situated in a lime hill called Tapan, in Tabuhan, Wareng
village. The route is easy. Along the road there is beautiful tropical scenery
to enjoy rice elds, coconut-palms and birds.
East of the cave peddlers sell souvenirs. The drink and food peddlers
are on the north side. People sell agates on the cave terraces. Somehow, it is
like a fair.
It is said that the cave is the only place where nature produces
sounds like the music of gamelan. Nyi Kamiyem, a well-known pesinden
(traditional Javanese singer) from the village of Gabuhan, who often sings in
the cave, does not doubt anything.
Gua Tabuhan did not use to welcome visitors. According to Kartowiryo
(90), village elder, Gua Tabuhan used to be a hiding place for robbers. It was
believed to be a sacred place. No one dared go inside. However, Wedana
(chief of a district) Kertodiprojo, went to the cave to find out what was
wrong. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirits.
The people chased the spirits away.
The cave is dark, so people need lights, and a local guide will lead the
way. Sometimes visitors bump their heads against the sharp rocks on the
ceiling.
Inside the cave there is a plain big stone which is believed to be the
prayer mat of Pangeran Diponegoro, one of the Indonesian heroes who
fought against the Dutch. It is said that Pangeran Diponegoro used to
seclude himself in the cave. Some people now use the place for meditation.
There is a stream in the cave, in the east corner, which can only be
seen outside. However, it can be heard from inside.
Besides the cave, Watukarang, a beach nearby, is good to visit. By the
way, do you want different souvenirs? You can find them in Donorodjo village
where agate craftsman work. So, have a nice journey.
Taken from Hello English Magazine, January, 1996

Attachment 5
Complete the text with appropriate prepositions given in the box.

Attachment 6

Look at the following pictures of tourist resort. Choose one of them and then
describe it.

Attachment 7

HOME WORK!
Cut and glue some recent News on the
newspaper on a piece of paper and bring it at
the next meeting!