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FRICTION AND WEDGES

1. Determine the largest force P for which the 18-kg uniform bar remains in equilibrium.

0.2 =

0.2 sin 50 = sin 50 + 176.4

= sin 50 176.4 +

0.8 sin 50 = 176.4

= sin 50 + 176.4

176.4
;0.8 (sin 50)

= 287.84

= sin 50 +
= sin 50
0.2 sin 50 = sin 50 + 176.4

2. Derive the expression for the largest angle for which the homogeneous block stays in equilibrium.
Let

= tan

= 0;

cos sin = 0

= 0;

cos + sin = 0
cos cos ( sin ) = 0
=

sin : cos

sin(:) sin(;)

cos : sin

2 ( ;)

sin( ) = 0

sin(:)
cos(;)

=0
= sin( + )

3. The man pushes the 60-kg homogeneous crate with the horizontal force P. Determine the largest distance h for which
the crate will slide without tipping.

= 0;

0 = (60)(9.8)

= 588

(0.4) = 588

= 1470

= 0;

0=

= 1470

= 0
0 = 0.75 = 1470() 0.75(588) = 0.3m

CENTROIDS
1-3. Use integration to determine the coordinates of the centroid of the plane region shown.
2

= 2
4

=
0

= 4 3

1 3
2
4

1
4

2 =
0

1 5 2
2( )
4
5

1 5
2
10

4
0

= .

4 1 3
( 2 )
0 4
3.2 2
4 1 3 2
( 2 )
0 4
3.2 2

= 2
=

.36 1
( 2
0

25
9

2 3 10 5
= 2 2
3
9

.36 1
( 2
0

64
7
=
3.2 2

= .

2
3.2 2

= .

25
9

2 )
.36

= .

25 32
)
9
0.0576

8.8910;3
3.2 2

= .

1 2 252 4
25 3

( )
( 2 )2
2 2
81 4
9
=
0.0576
0.0576

.36 1 2
( 2 )
0

.36
0

= .

81 = 4 2
=

36 9 1
( 2
9 2

13.5)

9 2 3
= ( )( ) 2 13.5
2 3

36 9 1
( 2
9 2

36
9

13.5)

202.52

9 2 5 13.5 2
( )( ) 2

2 5
2
=
202.52

36 9 2
( )
9 2

36
9

(13.5)2

202.52

36

= 3 2 13.5
36 9 3
( 2
9 2

= .

13.5 )

202.52
5

1.8 2 6.75 2
=

202.52

81 2
13.52
8
=
202.52

36
9

= .

36
9

= .

4-5. Use the method of composite areas to calculate the centroidal coordinates of the plane regions shown.
Shape

Area(A)
)2

(50
2
= 1250

Semicircle
Triangle

= 1200

Total()

4
(50
3
= 21.22
1
= (40)
=

=0

= 15996

=0

= 13.33

= 67337.33

67337.33 3
27272

= 83333.33

2727

= .

Shape

Area(A)

Upper
Rec

= (90)(20)
2
= 1800

= 45

= 27 000

Middle
Rec

= (10)(70)
2
= 700

= 45

=0

Bottom
Rec

= (70)(20)
2
= 1400

= (70)
2
= 35

Total()

76 000 3
39002

= 10

= 18 000

= 55

= 38 500

= 100

= 140 000

3900

196 500 3
39002

= 49 000

= 76 000

= .

= .

= 196 500