Sie sind auf Seite 1von 10

Made

Date

MKI

09/12/2014

Check

Date

Rev.

MKI

09/12/2014

Sheet

PROJECT TITLE: KMC-DAMMAM COMMERCIAL CENTRE


LOCATION: DAMMAM
DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR
Geometrical Properties
Riser "R"

Material Properties

0.175

Weight of reinforced concrete "rc"

Tread "T"

0.35

Strength of concrete "fc"

width of steps and Landing"B"or bw

1.95

Strength of steel "fy"

Inner radius " Ri"

5.562

Clear cover to concrete

Outer Radius "Ro" = Ri+B


Thickness of slab "h"

7.512
280

m
mm

Eff. Depth "d"

248.5

Plan angle of the stair " "


Vertical angle at the step
centreline with horizontal " "

Floor Finish

35
420
25

Flexure strength reduction factor


Shear strength reduction factor

0.9
0.75

Modulus of Elasticity of steel "Es"

132

degrees

36

degrees

Loading
Self Weight of slab

24

8.1984

kN/m2

200000
27805.6
7.19

Modulus of Elasticity of concrete "Ec"


Modular Ratio "n = Es/Ec"
Reinforcement
Dia of top of bars

20

Dia of bottom of bars

20

Dia of closed hoop bars as distribution

14

kN/m

2.1

kN/m2

11.2984

kN/m

kN/m2

Ast top full width

12.16 160.314

13

Total service Load "tsl"

15.2984

kN/m

Asb Bottom full width

5.122 380.735

13

Total Ultimate Load "w"

19.95808

kN/m2

Closed hoops per m

5.534 180.694

kN/m2

Top steel "Ast" mm2

3819

4082

Bottom steel "Asb"mm2

1608

4082

2 legged Closed hoops ste

1703

2154

weight of steps
Total dead Load "Udl"
Live load

Total Ultimate Load for full width"wu"

38.918256

Required
Nos

Spac

Provided
Nos

Made

Date

MKI

09/12/2014

Check

Date

Rev.

MKI

09/12/2014

Sheet

PROJECT TITLE: KMC-DAMMAM COMMERCIAL CENTRE


LOCATION: DAMMAM
DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR
Calculations
Radius of centreline of loading =R1=2/3{(Ro3-Ri3)/(Ro2-Ri2)} =
Radius of centreline of steps = R2 =(Ri+Ro)/2

6.58547

6.537

k2 = F9-(F9-F16)/0.1(R1/R2-1)

0.64969

k1 = F19-(F19-F22)/0.1(R1/R2-1)

0.03671

k3 = F27-(F27-F32)/0.1(R2/R1-1)

-0.1386

Bending moment at midspan "Mo" = k1wuR22 =

61.0551

Horizontal thrust at midspan = "H" = k2wuR2 =

165.286

Vertical moment at support "Mvs" = k3wuR22

-230.5

Positive vertical moment "Mvp" at = /3 =


Mvp =MoCos +HR2/180 tan sin-wuR12(1-cos) =

44
-10.959

Lateral moment "Ml" at = 3/8 =

49.5
Ml = MoSinSin-HR2/180tanCosSin-HR2CosSin+wuR1Sin-R2/180) =

-992.7

Torsional Moment "T" at = 3/8 =


49.5
T = (MoSin-HR2/180Costan+wuR12Sin-wuR1R2/180)Cos+HR2SinSin=

31.4604

Axial Thrust "N" at = 3/8 =


N = -HSinCos-wuR1/180Sin =

49.5
-231.83

Vertical Shearforce "Vv" at = /2=

66

Vv = -HSinSin+wuR1/180Cos =

150.093

Lateral Shearforce "Vh" at = 0


Vh = Hcos =

165.286

Vu = 1.2sqrt(Vv2+Vh2) =

267.919

Shear strength of concrete = cVc = 0.75Sqrt(fc)B.d/6 =


cVc > Vu
Vertical negative bending of flights
Mu = 1.2*Mvs =

Ast1 =

0.076
0.0064
3083

mm2for full width

358.348

O.K

-276.6
276.6

Made

Date

MKI

09/12/2014

Check

Date

Rev.

MKI

09/12/2014

Sheet

PROJECT TITLE: KMC-DAMMAM COMMERCIAL CENTRE


LOCATION: DAMMAM
DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR

Vertical positive bending of flights


Mu = 1.2*Mvp =

0.0035

0.0003
min 0.0018
Asb1 =

use min

140.29 mm2for full width

Minimum steel = 0.0018.B.d =


Asb1 =

-13.151
13.1511

872

mm2 for full width

872.24 mm for full width


2

Distribution,Temperature and Transverse Torsion Steel


Temperature steel: 0.0018.B.d = 872

mm2 for full width

Lateral bending of flight:


Mu = 1.2*Ml =

1191.24

depth available = B-100 =


width =h =

0.0404

0.0034
Ast =

1745

1850 mm
280
mm

mm2

Torsion Design of Flight:


Tu = 1.2*T
Acp = Area enclosed by outside perimeter of concrete section
or the gross area of the section

31.4604

= B*h = 546000 mm2


Pcp = Outside perimeter of concrete section
= 2(B+h)
4460 mm
Torsional strength of concrete = tTc = 0.75*0.083*sqrt(fc)*(Acp2/pcp) =
tTc > Tu
Cross section dimension check

407376 mm2

4204

mm

Design Torsion reinforcement

24.6164

Made

Date

MKI

09/12/2014

Check

Date

Rev.

MKI

09/12/2014

PROJECT TITLE: KMC-DAMMAM COMMERCIAL CENTRE


LOCATION: DAMMAM
DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR

0.725

3.683

At/s = Tu/(t*1.7*Aoh*fy)
At/s =

0.14421 mm2/mm/2 legs


=

0.288 mm2/mm/2 legs

minimum torsional reinforcement

1.703 mm2/mm/2 legs

1.625 mm2/mm/2 legs

Hence minimum torsion reinforcement


=
dia of stirrups used =

1.703 mm2/mm/2 legs


14

mm

using 2-legged stirrups


required spacing = s =

180.69 mm c/c

required Nos of closed stirrups /m =

5.534

Provided Nos of closed stirrups /m =

Cross section O.K

Sheet

Made

Date

MKI

09/12/2014

Check

Date

Rev.

MKI

09/12/2014

Sheet

PROJECT TITLE: KMC-DAMMAM COMMERCIAL CENTRE


LOCATION: DAMMAM
DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR

Design of Longitudinal Torsion reinforcement

Al

606 mm2

Minimum Longitudinal torsion reinforcement

=
-349

0.813

mm2

Required torsion steel = 606

mm2

Provided 2 bars at top edges of dia =


Provided 2 bars at bottom edges of dia =
Longitudinal torsion steel provided =

20
20

1256

mm2

> required OK

Tension design of flights


Factored Tension = Nu = 1.2*N =
Astn =Nu/(tfy)=

278.2

736 mm2

Astn to be provided on one fac 367.98 mm2


Total Top steel of flight
Ast-top = Ast1+Astn =
Required dia

20

3819.38
mm

Provided dia
20 mm
Total Bottom steel of flight

mm2

12.16 Nos at top

As required =

3819.4

mm2

13

As provided=

4082

mm2

Nos at top

Asb =Asb1+Astn =

1608 mm2

Required dia

20

mm

5.122 Nos at bottom

As required =

1608.2

mm2

Provided dia

20

mm

13

As provided=

4082

mm2

Nos at bottom

Sheet
Rev.
0

LE: KMC-DAMMAM COMMERCIAL CENTRE


LOCATION: DAMMAM

DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR


Material Properties
24

kN/m3

35

N/mm2

420

N/mm2

25

mm

0.9
0.75
200000

N/mm2

27805.6
7.19

N/mm2

20

mm

20

mm

14

mm

Reinforcement

Provided
Nos

Spac

13

150

13

150

143
4082
4082
2154

Sheet
Rev.
0

LE: KMC-DAMMAM COMMERCIAL CENTRE


LOCATION: DAMMAM

DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR


6.58547 m
6.537

0.64969
0.03671
-0.1386
61.0551

kNm

165.286

kn

-230.5

kNm

-10.959

kNm

-992.7

kNm

31.4604

kNm

-231.83

kN

150.093

kN

165.286

kN

267.919

kN

358.348

kN

-276.6
276.6

kNm

Sheet
Rev.
0

LE: KMC-DAMMAM COMMERCIAL CENTRE


LOCATION: DAMMAM

DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR

-13.151
13.1511

kNm

1191.24

kNm

31.4604

kNm

24.6164

kNm

LE: KMC-DAMMAM COMMERCIAL CENTRE


LOCATION: DAMMAM

DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR

Sheet
Rev.
0

Sheet
Rev.
0

LE: KMC-DAMMAM COMMERCIAL CENTRE


LOCATION: DAMMAM

DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR

278.2

kN