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Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center

Garcia, Mayvette S.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy


Center

A Thesis Presented to the Faculty of


ARCHITECTURE DEPARTMENT
School of Architecture, Industrial Design & the Built Environment
Mapua Institute of Technology

Presented by
Garcia, Mayvette S.
2010123009

Arch. Junar Pakingan Tablan, uap, MSAE


Adviser

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.
Chapter I.

I.1.1. General Overview

Sports therapy is a feature of healthcare that especially concerned with athletes. It is


specifically be about with the prevention of injury and rehabilitation treatment of
patients that are in need for physical care. Sports therapy is not only treatment of
injured patients but deals with many common muscular complaints. It concerns with the
rehabilitation of athletes back to their most favorable level of functional, occupational
and sports specific fitness, regardless of age and ability. It also avail of the idea of sport
and exercise science incorporating physiological processes to prepare the athletes for
training, competitions and other fitness works.

Sports training facilities will accommodate athletes reach their potential strength in
terms of their athletic competence. The goal is to provide them state of the arts training
resources and training development program. With athletes of every age and skill level,
they can achieve the real result they want if they are well provided with different and
new technological sports facilities. Teaming up with therapeutic and sports rehabilitation
centers, athletes can develop their potential and fitness wellness with the availability of
finest training resources that Philippines can provide for our national athletes.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

I.1.2. Introduction

Outgrowing number of Filipino Athletes aspire leading institutions in emerging with


different sports training facilities. These sports facilities are used to maximize athletic
performance of athletes through sports science and medicine services, education and
research. With these facilities, they are utilizing each space in providing the athletes with
the best medical care. Giving them equipment that are scientific and technologically
supported that may provide them creditably to the best of their abilities, giving honor to
themselves and to the country.

With the increasing athletes participation in sports competition, there has been increase
harm sustained during their actual training and performance. Sports therapy centers will
provide and assess them healthcare to vast recovery of their injuries as well as for the
improvement of their physical condition in improving their athletics skills. With these
means, they are committed to developing and producing hale athletes through training
programs with the necessary fundamental that define an athlete.

These facilities will provide optimum care to Filipino athletes and will aid in promoting
physical fitness and sports participation among Filipinos of all ages and abilities,
encouraging them to adopt healthy lifestyles that will lead to useful, meaningful and
productive lives.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

I.1.3. Background of the Study

Sports medicine focuses on athletes fitness and well-being. It is the field of sports
medicine that encompasses many different healthcare professions. Philippine Sports
Commission (PSC) is a government agency that honors the transformation of Filipino
people into a healthy citizenry through various commendable sports development
programs. Under PSC is the Philippine Center for Sports Medicine (PCSM) serves as the
medical arm of the Filipino athletes and the whole sporting community. The goal of
these agencies is to continuously provide service to national athletes of the Philippines.
Accordingly, each unit has its own set of defined functions to address the specific needs
and concerns of the athletes. Seemingly, it has already grown in importance and
responsibility. The PCSM remains dedicated in fulfilling its functions as a service-oriented
body and the official medical arm of PSC.

Sports and athletes is one of the development programs of the Philippines. The primary
function of sports in the Philippines is to give leadership and setting priorities to all
national sports promotion and development, particularly giving emphasis on grassroots
participation. The duty of providing both training and medical service to the athletes has
been the core value of the study. Bringing the necessary measures for the athletes in
their everyday training by continuously providing them with the optimum medical care
and scientific services in bolstering their athletic performance.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

I.1.4. Statement of the Problem


Integrating a healthy environment with therapeutic approach in vast recovery and
improvement of athletes. This proposed project would enable to support a physical
training facility that was also in hand with medical affirmation services. The project will
cater the optimum care to Filipino National Athletes with its training and therapeutic
facilities to maximize their athletic performance. With growing participation in
competitive and physical fitness sport, there has been an increase in injuries sustained
during these activities and this design will focus on the preventative and assessment of
the injuries by providing a rehabilitation and athletic therapy center within the sports
vicinity. Sport complex and other sports clubs in the Philippines neglect the availability of
medical services, which will sustain the development of their skills.

This study analyses the appropriate architectural solution in innovating a facility that
would cater the training and medical services for the athletes and will be answered by
the following questions:

1. What are the facilities needed that will cater both medical and training facilities
for the athletes?
2. What medical facilities will help them boast their athletic performance?
3. What architectural approach will promote to the wellness and physical fitness of
the athletes?

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

I.1.5. Goals, Objectives and Strategies


I.1.5.1. Goals

To provide efficient use of space conductive to health and wellness aspect of the
athletes;

To optimize the design and location of key facilities;

To help in the efficient use of spaces;

To create a design integrated for the growth and development of the athletes.

I.1.5.2. Objectives

The objective of the proposed project is to design and encourage healthy


lifestyle that led to improvement of skills, also to apply sustainable design in the
structure.

To conceptualize a plan that will promote physical fitness and sports participation
among Filipinos of all ages and abilities.

To accommodate the immediate need of medical services for the national


athletes.

I.1.5.3. Strategies
The aim of the study will be the innovation of training and medical services within a
certain place and the beneficiaries account towards the development of the health and
physical fitness facility. Here are an ordered strategies to further explain the relevance
of the study.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

I.1.5.3. Strategies

A research on existing sports complex and training facilities in the Philippines

Analyzing spaces and facilities within the complex or vicinity. Gathering data in relevance
in designing solutions for the development of facilities that will improve the growth
physical strength of the national athletes. Obtaining these data with the current
conditions of the sports amenities will determine an architectural solution in the
improvement of physical training spaces for the athletes.

A study on the applicability of innovating sports training and medical facility

To be able to perform this strategy, a certain method may used to achieve the data needed. In
this study, conducting survey is necessary for further analysis. It is important to specify and
analyze the architectural spaces according to the efficient use of the space, also to know the
applicability of the joined medical and training facilities.

I.1.5. Significance of the Study

Filipinos has this passion for athletic competition that goes beyond physical capabilities
and into mental preparedness, focus and sportsmanship.

As health is the primary

concern of the athletes, providing them a healthy environment will improve the
potentials making available to them every opportunity to reach their full capabilities.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Architectural Benefits

The proposed project will contribute to architecture through the innovation of facilities
accommodating both physical training and sports medical services in beneficial with the
national athletes in catering their optimum healthcare needs in boasting their athletic
capabilities. Another contribution of the proposed project to architecture was to design
and encourage healthy lifestyle that led to improvement of skills, also to apply
sustainable design in the structure.

Social Benefits

This proposal is beneficial to the social aspect of the community especially to the Filipino
national athletes as it focuses on the improvement and development of the necessity of
the whole athletic community. This study will benefits the communal aspect of athletes
and Filipinos in developing their social interaction in terms of their passion with sports
competitions.

Economical Benefits

This study will enhance the sports development program provided by the government of the
country. This will also provide employment for the students and graduate of special therapy
courses that have the capability in contributing with the society. The success of this study
will contribute to the enhancement of different athletic program within the sports facilities.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

I.1.6. Scope and Limitation

The proposal will focus on integrating a healthy environment with therapeutic approach
in vast recovery and improvement of athletes. This proposed project would enable to
support a physical training facility that was also in hand with medical affirmation
services. This will aim on the necessary key facilities and spaces for the training program
as well as for the therapeutic center. Moreover, it will focus on designing an innovative
facility within a sports training complex and vicinity.

The proposal will be limited to planning and designing an innovative facility that will
cater them safety precautions and preventive actions within the sports facility. The
proposed training facilities will serve indoor sports facilities that will be located near a
large sports training faclity that can accommodate enermous number of training
amenities. As for the medical services, sports rehabilitaiton and therapeutic center will
be provided within the sports training vicinity. It will focus more on application of
architectural design, conceptualization, location of utility and services, and circulation of
different groups. The study excludes the preparation of the structural, mechanical, or
plumbing details, estimates and its method of construction.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

1.1.7 Assumptions

The study will be conducted based on the validity of the proposed project by providing
reliable group and organization as the primary source of information that supports the
sports development programs as the primary source. This study ensures unbiased data
analysis due to its legitimate source of information. The problem was undertaken from
the needed facility of medical service of the national athletes. Filipino national athletes
will be the primary beneficiaries of the proposed project therefore their genuine
participation will be in providing the necessary solution. Conducting similar studies and
related topics will support the needs of the study.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

1.1.8 Conceptual Framework

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.
1.1.9 Definition of terms

Athletes

A person who is proficient in sports and other forms of physical exercise

Fitness

The condition of being physically fit and healthy

Innovative

Featuring new methods and ideas

Muay Thai

A type of combat sports

Pencak Silat

An indigenous type of martial art

Sepak Takraw

A kick volleyball that allows athletes to use their feet to touch the ball

Sports Complex A group of sports facilities


Squash

A racquet sport played in a four-walled court

Training

The action of teaching a person a particular skill of behavior

Therapy

Treatment intended to relieve or heal an injury

Wellness

The state of being in good physical and mental health

Wushu

A type of a chinese martial arts

Acronyms
PSC

Philippine Sports Commission

PCSM

Philippine Center for Sports Medicine

RMSC

Rizal Memorial Sports Complex

PMR

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.
Chapter 2.

I.2.1 Review of Related Literature and Studies


I.2.1.1 Philippine Sports Commission
According to their official website, Philippine Sports Commission envision A Commission

with a unified sports program which will enhance the quality of life of the Filipinos, instill
national pride and attain international prestige through excellence in sports. In their
official site, the PSCs goal was to increase Filipino participation towards sports while
providing superiority in the athletic performances of Filipino athletes. PSC was made to
proclaiming the importance of sports in forming a healthy and functioning citizen of the
country. Approaches to provide the needs and concerns in sports facilities had progress
significantly over the years. Sports have already been presented as a vital part of the
Filipino lifestyle as sustained by the formation of various governing sports group and
organization.
(http://www.web.psc.gov.ph/index.php/about-us/psc-mission-and-vision?showall=&limitstart=)

I.2.1.2 Philippine Center for Sports Medicine


According to the official site of the Philippine Sports Commission, PCSM serves as the

medical arm of the Filipino athletes and the whole sporting community. As an official
medical unit of PSC, PCSMs function is to serve as a service-oriented body responsible
to the growth and wellness of the athletes. It was said that its mission was to provide
the best care to the National Filipino athletes by promoting physical fitness and
participation of different group of people. PSCM also encourage Filipino athletes in

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.
adopting healthy wellness and lifestyle that will be useful in the improvement of their
athletic abilities. (http://www.web.psc.gov.ph/index.php/pcsm)

I.2.2 Related Studies and Projects


I.2.2.1 Foreign Studies: Athletes Training Center in Omaha, Nebraska

Figure 1. Aerial View of the Athletic Training Center

Located on Omaha near in the boundary between Nebraska and Iowa, is a facility centre
that integrates athletes training, and sports physical therapy. They offer various kinds of
services for active people up to professional athletes who want to improve themselves.
They are composed of elite who specialize in training and provides world class results.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Figure 2. Therapy Area


They categorize their users based on their training needs. One is for recovery patients
who undergo surgery or an injury. These are the people who want to recover and get
back on the track of athletics. The second one is for the athletes who are undergoing
vigorous training in order to improve their condition and skills.

Figure 3. Weights Area

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Their facility consist of a full weight area for patients who are looking to get into their
gym routines and it have Olympic platforms, pull power racks, dumbbells, etc for
athletes who are exercising and lifting. They also have a full 10 x 30 yard turf area for
patients who need to be reintroduced to walking, running, cutting throwing, etc and also
for athletes dynamic training and conditioning.

Figure 4. Indoor Turf


They also have an indoor pitching mound and regulation pitching tunnel for patients
who wants to return to the mound after suffering from an injury. They also provide a
cool down area for patients who want to relax and socialize after finishing their
treatment centre.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

I.2.2.2 Foreign Studies: Brooks Center for Sports Therapy

Figure 5. Facade of Brooks Center for Sports Therapy

The Center for Sports Therapy Clinic is located in Brooks Family YMCA. The Center offer
one of the most comprehensive, evidence-based, sports and orthopedic physical therapy
in the region. Brooks Center for Sports Therapy is the only facility in town that provide
program consists of key tests and measures which they perform to ensure that any
athlete is ready to go back to sport.

Figure 6. Sports Therapy Gym

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Their physical therapy is directed towards maximizing functional abilities and mobility in
order to increase the independence of the athletes. They provide treatment by working
with highly trained physical therapists and equipment in the facility.

Figure 7. Brooks Physical Therapy Gym


At Brooks Center for Sports Therapy, their physical therapy is the central element of
treatment in inpatient, outpatient, skilled nursing and home health settings for nearly all
conditions and sports injuries.

I.2.2.3. Local Studies: Philippine Orthopedic Center in Quezon City


The Philippine Orthopedic Center is a tertiary specialized hospital with a capacity of 700
beds. The hospital is currently located at Banawe Avenue corner Maria Clara Street,
Santa Mesa Heights, Quezon City. They mainly cater patients with orthopaedic and
neuromuscular conditions.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Figure 8. Facade of the Orthopedic Center


Originally built in Mandaluyong , Rizal in 1945, it serves civilian casualties during the
liberation of Manila. Later on it was given to the Philippine government. It was relocated
to Quezon City in 1963; its bed capacity was increased from the original 200 up to 700.
The hospital also pioneered the introduction of Physical Therapy and Occupational
Therapy courses in the Philippines.

The Medical Division consists of the Trauma Services, Adult Orthopedic Service,
Children's Orthopedic service, Tumor Unit, Hand service and Spine Surgery service. The
Laboratory Department is divided into the Blood Bank, Bacteriology unit, and Clinical
Pathology unit. Its Rehabilitation Medicine Department has the Medical Rehabilitation
Service, Physical Therapy section, the Occupational Therapy Section, Psychology

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.
Section, Electrodiagnostics Unit, Neurology Service and the Prosthetics and Surgical
Appliance Factory. The specialty service includes General Surgery, Neurosurgery,
Urology, Neurosurgery, Internal Medicine (pulmonary and cardiology) and Diabetes
Care. The Nursing Division comprises both the main Nursing service and the Nursing
training service.

I.2.2.4. Local Studies: St. Lukes Medical Center in Global City

Figure 9. Facade of St. Lukes Medical Center

The Institute's Sports Medicine and Fitness Center has been present to the needs of the
country's top athletes in their objective of enhancing physical function to optimal levels.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

The Center also provides comprehensive evaluation, design and monitoring of physical
fitness programs for individuals who wish to perform at their best, regardless of age or
profession. In St. Lukes Sports Medicine and Fitness Center, the goals of strength for
both physical and mental aspects are achieved by a combination of assessment tests,
exercise prescription packages, clinical and medical diagnostic procedures and
psychological programs.

The Institute maintains a gym equipped for weight training and aerobic facilities for
cardiovascular strength and endurance. It is a strong advocate of long-term programs
for active lifestyle goals and improved body image for total wellness. Services and
facilities of the Sports Medicine and Fitness Center include: Evaluation and Monitoring
Packages, Rehabilitation and Psychological Examination Room, Outpatient and Inpatient
Individual Exercise Prescription, Gym Exercise and Aerobic Facilities.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Chapter I.3
I.3 Research Methodology
In order to come up with an assessment for the need of a sports training therapy
facilities, a diverse and extensive research is needed. In order to satisfy the gathered
data, theres a need for full cooperation of the participants and intact observation to the
facilities. Multiple research methods used herein will be further discussed throughout
this chapter.

I.3.1 Research Design


In order to come up with varying innovations and solutions that will help the athletes
boast their athletic skills, an intricate and trustworthy study is needed. It is also
important to study the perception of athletes in their insights on integrating a healthy
environment with therapeutic approach with medical facilities.
The research method that will be used is a descriptive research study. This method will
be used to gather information that will be used in the assessment for the need of a
sports training and therapy facility. This method will aid the study by focusing on the
concerns of athletes in terms of their medical needs, which involves recording,
description, and presentation of the proposed facilities. In this method, the researcher
will conduct a case study of existing facilities by observing the amenities. The researcher
will also be conducting an interview with the reliable sources that can help with the
development of the study while a survey will be conducted for athletes to gather their
thoughts and concerns in accordance with the proposed study.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Quantitative Method
For this study, a survey will be conducted and shall be composed of questionnaires. The
researcher will perform a survey method for the data investigation of the research.
Questionnaires must be done systematically to come up with information that will lead
to a reliable evaluation and a distinctive solution. In this analysis, the researcher will be
investigating not only a single individual but also a group of individuals.
Qualitative Method
The researcher will conduct a case study of existing facilities that will contribute in the
study by focusing on the concerns of athletes in terms of their medical needs. This
method involves recording, description, and presentation of the facilities. The researcher
will also be conducting an interview with the reliable sources that can aid with the
development of the study, answering inquires that may help in the progress and success
of the proposed project.
I.3.1.1 Case Study
o

Research Locale: Rizal Memorial Sports Complex

The chosen locale for the case study is the Rizal Memorial Sports Complex; it is a
national sports complex of the Philippines located on Malate, Manila. It is considered as
the oldest sports complex in Asia that caters the training facilities of national athletes in
developing their potential athletic skills.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Figure 10. Rizal Memorial Sports Complex Aerial View

The Rizal Memorial Sports Complex is located in Pablo Ocampo St. (formerly Vito Cruz
St.), Malate, Manila. Pablo Ocampo Street is an inner city main road in Manila, and is
generally accessible to the public being near the Vito Cruz LRT Station and the Vito Cruz
railway station along Osmea Highway.

Figure 11. Rizal Memorial Sports Complex Map

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Garcia, Mayvette S.

Figure 12. Front Gate of Rizal Memorial Sports Complex

Figure 13. RMSC Site Dev't Plan

The Rizal Memorial Sports Complex has the following facilities: Aquatics Center, Baseball
Stadium, Rizal Stadium & Ninoy Aquino Stadium, Taekwondo Center, Wushu Center,
Badminton Gym,Tennis Center, Track and Football Stadium, Gymnastic Center, Dry

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.
Training Area, Boxing Gym, Pencak Silat Gym, Bowling Center, Weightlifting Gym,
Players Lounge, Athletes Quarters and the Philippine Center for Sports Medicine.

Table No. 1
Tabulation of Athletes Classification

Legend:
Priority Athletes whove won in international competitions
Class A- Athletes competing internationally
Class B- Athletes training for international competition
Class C- Athletes training for competition
Training Pool (TP) Athletes training

Figure 5. Philippine Sports Commission Building

The Sports Complex also houses the offices of some of the National Sports Association (NSAs).
The Philippine Sports Commission main office was also located inside the complex.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Figure 6. Philippine Taekwondo Headquarters

The Sports Complex has indoor facilities, which cater the needs of mix martial arts
athletes that include Wushu and Taekwondo Center. The Gymnastic Center is a large
open-plan and high-ceiling structure that was fully equipped with gymnastics equipment
like the mats that are laid out on the floor. The windows of the facility were located at
the higher part of the structure to avoid glare while it brings daylighting during the day.

Figure 7. Interior of Gymnastic Center

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Garcia, Mayvette S.

Figure 8. Philippines Center for Sports


Medicine Weights Area

The Philippine Center for Sports Medicine was located inside the complex. The facility is
to small to accommodate the amount of athletes billeting inside the complex, though
they are fully equipped with equipment to boast the athletes potential skills.
o

Research Locale: Makati Medical Center

The Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of Makati Medical Center


helps patients regain control over their body after suffering from different injuries.
The department focused on patients diagnosed with physical injuries and disorders
like sports injuries, and other musculoskeletal disorders.

Figure 14. Treatment Area

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Garcia, Mayvette S.

Figure 15. Treatment Room

They categorize their users based on their training needs. Recovery patients who
undergo surgery or an injury are the one who want to recover and get back on the track
in getting their athletics skills so they tend to use the therapy area in kneading their
injuries or disorder.

Figure 16. Corridor

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Figure 17. Therapy Area

Their physical therapy gym is a weight area for patients who are looking to get into their
routines in boasting their performance. The facility has numerous number of threadmill
who need to be reintroduced to walking, running, cutting throwing. Also for athletes
dynamic training and conditioning.

Figure 18. Physical Therapy Gym

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Research Locale: Moro Lorenzo Sports Center

Figure 10. Moro Lorenzo Sports Center Aerial View

Figure 11. Facade of Moro Lorenzo Sports Center

The Moro Lorenzo Sports Center is a sport facility located in the Ateneo de Manila
University campus in Quezon City, Philippines. The building was purposely designed for

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


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sports training, programs and activities, and have an indoor basketball courts, indoor
track field, gyms, fitness center and a sports medical clinic.

Figure 12. Front Door & Hallway on the Ground Floor

The first level of the building is where the Fitness Center and the Sports Medicine Clinic
is located. The fitness center contains treadmills, recumbent bikes, upright bikes, cross
trainers, and various kinds of weights.

Figure 13. Basketball Court

Designed purely for training purposes, it houses an indoor basketball court, an indoor
track oval and training gyms, all using Regupol flooring which is the low-impact
rubberized surface that athletes prefer.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Figure 14. Mezzanine

Basketball courts and badminton courts are housed on the second floor. A full floor
above the courts is the two-lane, 200-meter track oval, which provides a view around
the entire court area. Finally, on a mezzanine above it is the martial arts area.

Figure 15. Weights Room

Half a floor up, are the locker rooms, audio-visual room and the Marco Lorenzo Weights
Room, with Hammer Strength equipment. The fitness center, located on the ground
floor, contains treadmills, recumbent bikes, upright bikes, cross trainers, and various
kinds of weights.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Figure 16. Sports Medicine Clinic

Moro Lorenzo Sports Medicine Clinic is known for its excelent therapy and healthcare
facility, which are commonly used by its schools varsity, teams, as well as PBA teams
and other professional athletes. But the sports clinic doesnt have sufficient space to
accommodate these numerous number of athletes.

I.3.2 Population and Sampling


Cluster sampling will serve as the sampling strategy of the study. The randomized
process will include the clustering of groups with representative sample of participants in
different sports category. The survey will be conducted in Rizal Sports Complex that has
the total number of 273 national athletes billeted in the sports vicinity. The total number
of national athletes according to PSC based from the August 2014 data has a total of
747. The respondents for the study will consider the average number of athletes; population.
From the entire population, the sample of participants will be randomly selected to take
the survey giving a total of 42 respondents for the study.

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Garcia, Mayvette S.
I.3.3 Research Instruments
Survey
For this study, the research instrument, which will have been used, shall be composed
of questionnaires. These questionnaires shall consist of 10 questions that will be based
from the problem of the study. In formulating the questions, the proponent will have
taken into consideration the factors needed in order to answer the problem. The
questionnaires were primarily conducted to determine the concerns and needs of the
national athletes in sports training and medical facilities. The questions shall be
answerable based on their satisfaction and agreement making it easier for the
respondents to understand and answer.
The statistical technique chosen for the research is the descriptive statistics. It will
describe the data and information gathered by the researcher to be used in the
formulation of a solution. The mean will be the procedure used to indicate the average
score of the chosen samples. This method will provide the needed information in the
needs of the national athletes that will be beneficial for the study; thus, the average
answers will be the computed results of the questionnaires, which will lead the
researcher to an accurate conclusion and a feasible proposal.
Interview
The proponent interviewed the Acting Head of the PSC Engineering Section, Architect
Noel Elnar. The interview was conducted to determine the concerns of the government
in the needs of training and medical facilities of the national athletes in developing their
potential skills.

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Garcia, Mayvette S.
The proponent also had a short interview with Atty. Guillermo B. Iroy Jr., Executive
Director of Philippines Sports Commission, regarding the concerns on the need of a
therapy and rehabilitation center for the national athletes.
Observation
The study conducted case studies that were analyzed based on observation of each
facility that they have.
o

Case Study at Rizal Sports Complex

Arch. Noel Elnar, Head of the PSC Engineering Section, guided the researcher to the
amenities of the sports complex. In this method, the researcher will find needs and
concerns of the facilities and determine the activity involved in each area. The
researcher will also be observing the facilities in the Philippine Center for Sports
Medicine that caters the therapeutic needs of the national athletes, which was
located within the vicinity of the Rizal Sports Complex.
o

Case Study at Makati Medical Center

Mr. Roel Sabong, Unit Manager of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation guided the
researcher to the facilities of the department. In this study, the researcher analyzed
and observed the facilities and activities involved in each places.

Case Study at Moro Lorenzo Sports Center

Mr. Joel Silva, assistant coach of the Ateneo Blue Eagle, accompanied the researcher
to the facilities of the sports center. In this study, the researcher will analyzed and
will find out the advantages of the vicinity that has both the training and medical
facility in the sports center.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Chapter I.4
I.4 Summary of Findings and Analysis
In this chapter the outcome of the gathered data are analyzed, summarized and
discussed in a directed and systematic manner. The produced data are gathered during
the research methodology in which the proponent used several techniques to satisfy and
to equip the study with sufficient information of Rizal Memorial Sports Complex. This
chapter will present figures and presentation in order to further understand the collected
data.

Chapter I.4.1 Presentation of Collected Data


In this part of the study, the data gathered are being presented in a graphical method
and in figures in which can be easily determined, in this way, the proponent can easily
discussed the gathered information.

Figure 17. Summary and Classification of National Athletes

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Table No. 2
National Athletes Classification Profile

As of August 2014

Table no. 2: Interpretation of Data


The table shows the tabulation of athletes population that was categorized per its class.
The researcher referred to the information given by Philippines Sports Commission as
the case study was conducted. The table was categorized with indoor sports facilities
only as what it utters in the scope and limitation of the study. The data shows that
many training pool athletes, athletes that are trained for future competitions, have the
larger number compare to prioritize athletes.

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Garcia, Mayvette S.

Table No. 3
National Athletes Profile

As of August 2014

Table no. 3: Interpretation of Data


The table shows the tabulation of athletes profile based on their gender. The researcher
referred to the information given by Philippines Sports Commission as the case study
was conducted. The data shows that many male athletes are training in the sports
complex while for the other side, female athletes garnered half the population of the
male athletes showing that most of the national athletes are conquered by male based
on their physical built and potential skills in the field of sports.

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Survey Data Analysis


Survey Category: Satisfaction and Needs of the National Athletes
Respondent: 42 athletes (participants randomly selected)

Are you satified with the facilities that they provided?


14
12

No.of Respndent

10
8
6
4
2
0
1

3
Likert Scale

Figure 18. Question No. 1

Analysis of Data
The chart shows that the athletes are not fully satisfied with the training facilities that
Rizal Memorial Sports Complex provides. The higher number of satisfaction landed on
the middle, which means that they are mildly satisfied with the amenities they are using.

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Survey Category: Satisfaction and Needs of the National Athletes
Respondent: 42 athletes (participants randomly selected)

Are the spaces adequate enough in terms of its size?

12

No.of Respondent

10
8
6
4
2
0
1

3
Likert Scale

5- Strongly Agree
4- Agree
3-Undecided
2- Disagree
1- Strongly Disagree

Figure 19. Question No. 2


Survey Category: Satisfaction and Needs of the National Athletes
Respondent: 42 athletes (participants randomly selected)

Does the facilities provides you comfort?


12

No.of Respondent

10
8
6
4
2
0
1

Likert Scale

Figure 19. Question No. 3

5- Strongly Agree
4- Agree
3-Undecided
2- Disagree
1- Strongly Disagree

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Survey Category: Satisfaction and Needs of the National Athletes
Respondent: 42 athletes (participants randomly selected)

Do you think improving the facilities will enhance athletic skills?

14
12

No.of Respondent

10
8
6
4

5- Strongly Agree
4- Agree
3-Undecided
2- Disagree
1- Strongly Disagree

2
0
1

Likert Scale

Figure 19. Question No. 4

Analysis of Data
From the 42 athletes participated in the survey, 24 athletes have sustained minor and
major injuries, more than half the average number of athletes surveyed. Based on the
charts below, athletes are more satisfied if the medical facilities are located within the
sports vicinity. The facility accommodated the athletes with their injury but it lacks space
to facilitate numerous numbers of athletes in the sports vicinity.

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Survey Category: Satisfaction and Needs of the National Athletes
Respondent: 42 athletes (participants randomly selected)

Does the medical facilities accommodate your medical


needs?
12

No.of Respondent

10
8
6
4
2
0
1

5- Strongly Agree
4- Agree
3-Undecided
2- Disagree
1- Strongly Disagree

Likert Scale

Figure 19. Question No. 5


Survey Category: Satisfaction and Needs of the National Athletes
Respondent: 42 athletes (participants randomly selected)

Does the facilities gives off a healthy environment in helping


you develop your skills?
14

No.of Respondent

12
10
8
6
4
2
0
1

Likert Scale

Figure 19. Question No. 6

5- Strongly Agree
4- Agree
3-Undecided
2- Disagree
1- Strongly Disagree

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Survey Category: Satisfaction and Needs of the National Athletes
Respondent: 42 athletes (participants randomly selected)

Is it convenient to have the sports medical facilities situated within


the sports training vicinity?

14
12
No.of Respondent

10
8
6
4

5- Strongly Agree
4- Agree
3-Undecided
2- Disagree
1- Strongly Disagree

2
0
1

Likert Scale

Figure 19. Question No. 7

Interview

Figure 20. Operating Department: Interview

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Interview with Arch. Noel Elnar (Head of the PSC Engineering Section)

The researcher interviewed Arch. Noel Elnar who is responsible for the operating
construction and design planning of the sports complex. Their department aids in
preparation of designs, plans, bidding and specifications of ongoing constructions and
future infrastructure of the Philippine Sports Commission. The interview was conducted to
ask concerns with the training and medical facilities of the Rizal Memorial Sports Complex and to
query specific requirements of the facilities for the proposed study.

Researcher: Do you have concerns regarding with the sports training facilities?
Arch. Elnar: The facilities in the sports complex are now obsolete and some facilities
are under renovation. It been 80 years and now the complex is bygone.

Researcher: What are some problems of the sports complex that may affect the performance
of the athletes?

Arch. Elnar: The common problem that weve encountered in the complex was
flooding. The sports complex was located in a densely populated area and is limited to
approximately 10 hectares of land. The location of the site was surrounded with roads,
which make it vulnerable to pollution that may harm the health of the athletes.

Researcher: Do you wish to have a facility that would cater the medical needs of the
athletes?

Arch. Elnar: We do have Philippine Center for Sports Medicine which aim to promote
medical care to the national athletes but the facility itself was too compact that it cant
cater the numbers of athletes that will be using the amenity.

Researcher: Was it ideal to have the medical facilities located within the sports training
vicinity than those situated in private hospitals?

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Arch. Elnar: Those medical facilities should be located near sports training facilities to
accommodate the immediate needs of the athletes especially those who are billeted
inside the complex. The Philippines Center for Sports Medicine hires medical staffs and
physical therapist in helping the athletes boast their performances.

Interview with Atty. Guillermo B. Iroy Jr. (Executive Director of PSC)

The researcher had a short interview with Atty. Guillermo B. Iroy Jr., Executive Director
of the Philippine Sports Commission, regarding the needs of medical facilities for the the
athletes. Philippines Center for Sports Medicine is a medical arm of the national athletes
that is a unit department under Philippine Sports Commission.

Researcher: Is there a need for a sport medical and therapy center for the national
athletes?

Atty. Iroy Jr.: We have a unit department under the PSC, the Philippine Center for
Sports Medicine that was located inside the vicinity of the sports complex that caters the
medical needs of the national athletes. They have physical training gym and treatment
areas to accommodate the athletes with their physical condition. Though, the medical
facility needs some room for improvement and space because it was too dense to cater
the population of the national athletes and every sports training facilities in the
Philippines dont accommodate these kinds of facilities.

I.4.2 Need Analysis


The Philippine Center for Sports Medicine promotes healthcare facilities to the national
athletes. In order to carry out their goal, a need of medical facilities in every sports
complex and training facility should be established.

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The Philippine Sports Commission encourages establishments of sports training facilities
in order to promote Philippine sports in different parts of the country. Some sports
facilities in the country lack training amenities and medical needs. In order to provide
their needs, the commission is allowing promising and potential athletes in regional and
provincial areas to accommodate the development and medical arm of the athletes.

I.4.3 Qualitative Analysis


The qualitative analysis of Rizal Memorial Sports Complex and Makati Medical Center
based its analysis from the presented profile and conditions of their facilities. This
chapter discusses the analysis on the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats
of the facility that was analyzed under the case study method.

SWOT Analysis

Strength
Based upon the observation and interviews conducted, an analysis on the strengths of
Rizal Memorial Sports Complex has been established. The sports complex is located at
the heart of Metro Manila, which caters different sport training facilities, which make it
convenient to the public. It is has three gate entries, strategically controlled vehicle
access and is bounded by roads that make it easily accessible with the design layout of
the site.

The whole complex measures 10 hectares that can accommodate large

number of participants for national and international competitions.

Weakness
Mostly the facilities in the sports complex are obsolete and dont meet the required
international requirements for a standard facility.

Some of the amenities are too

compact to accommodate the number of national athletes in a certain sports category.

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The location of the site is vulnerable to flooding and prone to pollution, which may harm
the athletes. Also, it was bounded with creak to prolong them to make future
expansions. The site lacks environmental nature and buffer areas to separate different
sports facilities. The complex doesnt accommodate enough parking spaces for visitors
and participants and some of the facilities lack maintenance.

Opportunities
The site location creates an opportunity for commercial spaces since the surrounding
area has a large amount of visitors and participants that goes to the venue when theres
a certain sports activities and competitions. With the environment and activities
surrounded the complex, the sports training facilities can provide convenient access to
the public garnering more opportunities to the structures.

Threats
The location of the site is vulnerable to flooding and prone to some environmental issues
like air pollution. Threats may arise from environmental factors in the site that may
cause harm to the health of the athletes.

An Analysis on the Medical Facilities

A Comparison of PMR in Makati Medical Center and PCSM in Rizal Memorial Sports
Complex
The therapy and rehabilitation facilities in the department of Physical Medical and
Rehabilitation in Makati Medical Center was within the vicinity of the private hospital
which provide finest spaces and comfort for the patients and athletes compare to the
therapeutic facility provided by Philippine Center for Sports Medicine in RMSC. The

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therapeutic center in the Rizal Sports Complex was too compact to accommodate the
number of national athletes.
Healthcare of the national athlete is one important factor that the PCSM promotes.
Immediate prevention and assessment of injuries of the athletes should be considered.
The facilities of PCSM in Rizal Sports Complex prevent serious injuries to happen
because the amenity is located within the vicinity of the sports complex compare with
the therapy and rehabilitation facilities situated in private hospitals.

Advantages of Moro Lorenzo Sports Center


The sports center caters both the training and medical facility in one sports vicinity
which provide immediate assessment on the injuries of the athletes. It also provides
better circulation as each facility is zoned according to the needs of the athletes. The
facilities are zoned accordingly in each floor level of the sports center making it more
accessible to the athletes without any obstructions.

Chapter 1.5 Conclusion and Recommendations


This chapter analyze the datas gathered to come up with a conclusion in relation with
the problem statement. This conclusion will guide the researcher to develop
recommendation to develop an appropriate architectural solution for the study.

Based on the findings from the archival research, case study and interview methods, the
following are the conclusions:

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The athletes needed facilities are the indoor center for gymnastics, martial arts
and indoor sports based on the recommendation and priority of the PSC, also
based from the number of national athletes as given in the data gathered.

The athletes also needed a facility that will cater their therapeutic and medical
needs as suggested based on the profiling on the injuries of the athletes.

A centralized fitness and weightlifting gym is needed for the development of the
athletes skills, which mostly need by the athletes.

The structures, playing courts, areas and fields shall anticipate future expansion
since modifications in international standards in sports facilities are often done.

The site should be easily accessible, unexposed to pollution & excessive flooding,
should be sufficient for future expansion.

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Part II. Research Focus
In this chapter, the proponent will introduce the emphasis of the study. The depth of
the study will be applied to the proposed title of the study. In this chapter, the core will
state its significance and application to the study.

Chapter 2.1 Rationale


The basis of this study is the insufficiency of providing medical needs for the athletes.
Theraphy centers will provide them the healthcare to vast recovery and development of
their skills. Since some of the sports training facilities in our country doent provide the
needed medical provision in the sports vicinity, proposing a therapeutic facilities that will
cater the development and recovery of injuries of the athletes is the basis of this study.
Innovation and other development will be stated and will further explain which is to
enhance the architectural space needed in creating an impact for further analysis of the
study. The study all aim is to bring back the relevance of the facility in promoting
physical and sports participation of athletes encouraging them to adopt in a healthy
environment through architecture.
Chapter 2.2 Principles and Relevance
This study follows certain architectural principle to have a well-structured design
solution.

This chapter discuss will discuss the necessary design principles and its

significance to some specific areas of the study.

Chapter 2.2.1 Multiphase Design Planning


A well-designed physical environment can maintain and enhance the ability to function
and improve quality of life. The proposed project showcased a healthy environment for

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the athletes as the basis for therapeutic intervention. Understanding the physical and
social effects of architecture on the athletes is an important tool in showing the
progression and development of the athletes in accordance to their skills.

The current concern of sports training facilities calls for an implementation of a


therapeutic facility for the medical needs of the athletes. This study attempts to
investigate the concept of multiphase planning and design in establishing phases
regarding on behavioral analysis of athletes activities in both training and medical works.
The movements of athletes are based on the three phases of their activities based on
the analysis gathered.

Moderation Phase: Injured athletes faces this phase in which there are in treating stage.
Their skills are tended to be lower than when they train because of the fact that they
are wounded. Athletes bodies are coax into its super condition by easing their physical
frame. Designing a well-balanced environment between healthy and physical
environment will promote their positive attitude through healing.

Reversibility Phase: Athletes tend to lose their hard-won fitness gains and usually
disappear faster than they were gained. To regain their physical skills, athletes are
moved to facilities that will gain their sporting skills to track back what they need to.
They need to retrain their bodies to its usual condition so designing a

Specificity Phase: The best way to develop physical fitness for the athletes is to train
their energy systems and muscles as closely as possible to the way they are used in

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their chosen sports. Thus the best way to train is to provide them the adequate facilities
they needed in boasting their athletic skills to help them improve their performance.

Figure 19. Phases

Through an interpretation of this chart, the interactive qualities of multiphase


development will be shown to be the most comprehensive means of insuring the
behavioral activities of the athletes that can be established in analysis of space planning
and zoning.
The complexities of space and functional programming have led the proponent to
seek those innovations on the development of sports training and therapeutic facilities.
The multiphase design concepts of the study are innovative and beneficial for the
efficiency of sports training and medical development. Utilizing multiphase development,
the sports facilities can be directly associated with the medical program requirements of
the sports medicine for the proposed projects. The process is a multiphase planning and
design activity, which establishes development for large-scale sports facility. The phases
will generate both medical science and space functional requirements for facility design,
the sports and healthcare development process is comprehensive in its approach to
problem solving.

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Chapter 2.2.2 Mobility Space Design


From the past years, the design quality over sports architecture has becoming dense.
From then on, the focus is solely on function, the emphasis is less on the constructive
dimension than on the organizational one, with regard to spaces for maximum capacity,
for efficiency, mobility, circulation and security.

Freedom of Space
A connection between the different spaces that was categorized between the training
and medical facilities of the sports center is needed in planning a likable circulation. A
linkage from the outdoor and indoor space should be given to achieve an ideal healthy
environment. The spaces and building level of the proposed project is ideal to be design
horizontally, providing future expansion to availability of the site.

Chapter 2.2.3 Biophilic Design

Figure 20. Biophilic Design Principle

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Biophilic Design is an innovative way of designing the places where we live, work, and
learn. In architecture, designing the building doesnt not only involved functionality and
mostly buildings nowadays are pursuing sustainability. The recent trend in green
architecture has decreased the environmental impact of the built environment, but it has
accomplished little in the way of reconnecting us to the nature.

This principle shows that buildings can connect people and nature like how sports
training facilities improve athletes skills and therapeutic facilities that heals their
injuries. Biophilic Design points the way toward creating healthy and productive habitats
for modern humans. It is about humanity's place in nature and the natural world's place
in human society, where mutuality, respect, and enriching relationships can and should
exist at all levels and should emerge as the norm rather than the exception.

The relevance of biophlic design offers a pattern on how buildings need to be build and
design which can be recognize in planning with the therapeutic facility giving off a
positive experience of natural system in the building and constructed landscape into the
athletes health, performance and well-being. The basic concepts of biophilia, its
expression in the built environment, and how biophilic design connects to human
development.

The architecture and benefits of biophilic design practices the implementation on the
strategies in creating buildings that connect people with nature and provide comfortable
and productive places for people, in which they can live, work, and study.

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Chapter 2.2.4 Additive Architecture


Additive Architecture is an approach used by Danish architect Jrn Utzon to describe his
development of architectural projects on the basis of growth patterns in nature.

Figure 21. Jeddah Stadium Model by John Urtzon

An urge to create well-being must be fundamental to all architecture if harmony is to

be achieved between the rooms created and what is to be undertaken in them,


--- Jrn Utzon

Jorn Ultzon was convinced that saw it as part of an additive world where both natural
and cultural forms contributed to additive systems and hierarchies. The fundamentality
of additive architecture is about adding and subtracting and ensuring that the
transitions, like the transitions, were organically linked but with visible links that clearly
spoke of distances.

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The need for a sports training and medical facilities should cater complex functional
design with a space that is exceptionally pleasant to spend time working in, and which
has a both clear and basic architectural expression. Especially in the sports training
facility, the need for more buffer and noise barrier can control the noise coming from
different rooms with same clarity but different obstructions.

According to Jorn Ultzon, buildings should be designed more freely rather than in
identical box shapes. In the design of the proposed sports facilities, the natural fondness
in working with its surrounding is the fundamental idea in architecture. When working
with the additive principle, the designs as well as the layout are given the freedom that
can achieve with the additive principle in tackling greatly varying tasks and activities in
accordance to the behavior of the athletes.

Chapter 2.3 Application to the project


Chapter 2.3.1 Application of Multiphase Design Planning

Figure 22. Application of Phases

The application of the multiphase can be applied to the architectural spaces of the
proposed project through planning and zoning. The phases, which was established

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regarding on the behavioral analysis of athletes where interpreted as facilities in both
training and medical aspect.
In accordance through the data that where gathered, athletes in moderation phase
would be interpreted for a therapy center. In this phase, medical and therapy spaces will
be zoned together. As for the reversibility phase, where athletes need to regain their
strength, facilities for fitness and wellness of the athletes will be grouped in this zone
specifically the physical gym. Athletes after regaining their physical strength need to
develop their physical skills; the sports training facilities will be cater in the specificity
phase.

Standard dimension and height


In specificity phase, different sports training facilities are in need to be designed and
planned. Standard size of courts, ceiling height, and standard dimension are should be
followed accordingly.

Light control and ventilation


As for some training facilities, natural ventilation and lighting are needed in order to
adopt with the training activities of the athletes. For the other training facilities, artificial
lighting is more appropriate. Natural lighting may cause glare that can affect the
performance and training of the athletes. Windows are also one of the concerns that
need to be analyzed accordingly. Glass windows are specifically not suitable for some
training facilities causing too much glare.

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Figure 5. Horizontal Concept

Chapter 2.3.2 Application of Mobility Space Design


The ability to move from a certain space to another provides easy access to the athletes
to all phases of the sports training vicinity. The zoning of spaces will be flexible arranged
and categorized to accommodate the certain needs of the athletes, physically and
medically.
In designing the whole sports facilities, the potential to move freely and easily is can be
shown by having spacious social and interactive area for the athletes. The mobility of
spaces is can be seen by providing spaces and areas that is capable of having multiple
kind of activities.

Chapter 2.3.3 Application of Biophilic Design


Biophilic design can be applied to the therapeutic facility of the sports training center
which brings out the fondness of nature into the design of the building. Not only to the
outmost appearance but also in design planning of spaces. The connection between the
nature and the human development shows that the surrounding itself brings out the
healing environment for the athletes. The design points out the way to a healthy
environment and productivity of human development.

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Figure 23. Design Approach

By having the natural environment in mind, planning the facilities of the sports training
and therapeutic center can became innovative in which athletes can live, learn and
work. Providing greeneries such as gardens can lessen the strain and give off calmness
to the athletes, which somehow can also shows a healthy environment that can help in
the healing process.

Chapter 2.3.4 Application of Additive Architecture


In designing space planning in the proposed project, additive module line will represent
the thickness of the wall and the lines form contours of the finished drawing, meaning
the degree of freedom can be achieve with the additive principle in planning the sports
training center.
The additive approach can be applied in the different building and level of the sports
center, which are basically identical but differ in sizes and height. In planning the design
of the sports facilities, the freely shaped draft of the plan expresses the fundamental
idea of architecture. Minimal components will be applied in order to bring out the
character of the building.

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Part III. Site Identification and Analysis


In this chapter, choosing a site for the proposed project will be a very important factor
for the research study to be valid and significant. The proponent must exactly choose
the right site and assessment to be able for the proposed project to be significantly
functional to the users as well as the relative contribution for the surrounding places and
the effects on the larger coverage and consent of the sites allocation.

Chapter 3.1 Site Selection Criteria


Chapter 3.1.1 Macro Site Criteria
Philippines produce leadership and priorities to all national sports promotion and
development. Even though it may not be on top, Philippines is well known for Filipino
athletes imprinting our national seal in different categorize in international sports. As to
further continue providing respectable name for the country, the proposed project will
cater

the

excellent

facilities

in

producing

well-talented

Filipinos

competing

internationally.

Rizal is a province located in the CALABARZON region, just 16 kilometers east of Manila.
The municipality of Rizal is the center of trade and exchange, tourism, government and
economy. It is also a center of education and sports because of the availability of
various educational and physical training facilities. As the proposed project calls for a
sports

training center,

the province of Rizal is generally hilly and mountainous in

terrain, situated in higher place attracting scenic attraction for its view.

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Accessibility - is one of the important factors that a site should have. Accessibility does
not only pertain on the distance of the location and the near localities, but the large
coverage of the selected site in relation with the neighboring cities or municipalities.

Strategic Location it is the relative companion of accessibility. It shows the static


importance of the project beyond its significance to the target user. Same for
accessibility, it does not only pertain on the importance of the proposed project but also
to the other neighboring localities that will lead to the main significance of the project.

Size and Land Area - the proposed project will need a large coverage of area. It needs a
large development in terms of land usage and its target users. The size of the land and
its area should sustain the following facilities and development that will be incorporate
to the site or the selected location. It should grow in case of future expansion, which
commonly allotted for other training facilities of the proposed projects. The proponent
should choose the right and effective lot size or land area that would suit to the totality
of the whole project since it will comes into a complex and moreover, in a horizontal
planning and design development.

Chapter 3.1.2 Micro Site Selection Criteria

Land Use- Since the proposal will classify into a sports training center, land use should
be properly considered in selecting the site or location for the proposed project. It
should cater the numerous numbers of the athletes. Allocation of the proposed project

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will affect and impact the norms, culture, and existing condition of the community and
its surrounding. The selected site should bring positive effect like providing a good
development and increase productivity of the locality.

Utility- it comes into different types depending on its importance and its circumferential
effectiveness to the proposed project. This can be categorized into public and private
transportations, water supply, waste treatment system, drainage system, electrical
supply, and other data mapping that will definitely needed in the development of the
proposed project.

Chapter 3.1.2 Site Option Description


Chapter3.1.2.1 Macro Site Option Description
1.) Antipolo, Rizal
It is a 1st class component city in the province of Rizal, Philippines. It was made the
capital of Rizal when the former capital, Pasig City became part of Metro
Manila. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 677, 741 inhabitants. It has
a land area of 306.10 km. Antipolo City is located in the central part of Rizal Province.
It is approximately 26 kilometers east of Manila, which was conurbation with the NCR
but still under Region 4-A of CALABARZON. Bounded by the municipalities of San Mateo,
Rodriguez, Tanay, Angono, Taytay, Teresa, and Cainta, Quezon Province, and city of
Marikina in Metro Manila. Headed by honorable, Mayor Casimiro Jun Ynares III with its
16 barangays.

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2.) San Mateo, Rizal


San Mateo is one of the largest municipalities in Rizal Province in terms of land area with
55.09 km contributing 4.68% of the total land area of Rizal. San Mateo lies in the
Marikina Valley. The valley extends south towards Marikina City, Pasig City and Cainta,
Rizal. The Marikina River runs through the western portion of the municipality and the
Nangka River runs through the southern portion. San Mateo is a lush valley bounded by
mountain ranges and sliced by a river. Located along the western border of Rizal
Province, it is bordered by Quezon City, Marikina City, Antipolo City, and Rodriguez.
According to the 2010 Philippine census, San Mateo has population of 205,255
inhabitants. Headed by of honorable, Mayor Jose Rafael E. Diaz with San Mateos 15
barangays.
3.) Rodriguez, Rizal
Rodriguez is a municipality in the province of Rizal. It is the northernmost town in the
province and surrounded by Antipolo City, Quezon City, Bulacan, Quezon Province, and
Marikina City, which comes after San Mateo. The town is located on the slopes of the
Sierra Madre mountain range and features many resorts. It is also one of the largest
towns in Rizal province with 172.85 km. According to the 2010 census, it has a
population of 280, 904 inhabitants. With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the
municipality is now included in Manila built up area, which reaches Cardona in its
westernmost part. Headed by Mayor Cecilio C. Hernandez and considered as 1st class,
partially urban municipality which consist of 11 barangays.

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Table No. 4
Macro Site Selection

Chapter 3.1.2.2 Micro Site Option Description


Antipolo, which was officially the City of Antipolo is a city in the Philippines located in
the province of Rizal located about 25 kilometers east of Manila. It is the largest city in
the CALABARZON Region. The province's capital city is a center of education and sports
because of the availability of various educational and physical training facilities.

1.) Site A covered a total lot area for about 7 hectares or an area of exactly 66, 978
sq.m. Since Antipolo commonly composed of mountains and hilly
type of land, the site is located on the upper part of the city. The lot
defines to be medium to slightly terrain land with existing river. It
was not directly visible to the numerous major and minor roads of
the city.
Figure 24. Site A

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2.) Site B is situated in Brgy. Parguan San Jose Antipolo, Rizal covering an area of
exactly 43, 575 sq.m. The lot is along one of the major road in
Antipolo city, the Provincial road. The lot defines to be slightly flat
and adjacent to residential and institute facilities.

Figure 25. Site B

3.) Site C is located in Brgy. San Isidro Antipolo, Rizal with a total land area of
exactly 36, 269 sq.m. The lot is accessible with Marikina- Infanta
Road. The lot is mostly far from the any residential and
commercial areas and it was not directly visible to numerous
major and minor roads.

Figure 26. Site C

Chapter 3.1.3 Site Selection and Justification


Chapter 3.1.3.1 Site Selection
Table No. 5
Site Selection Analysis

Conducted Likert Scale System based on the Macro and Micro Site Criteria

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Rating shall be as follows:
5 -Highly preferable/ desirable
4Very preferable/ desirable
3Preferable/ desirable
2Satisfactorily fair
1 Poor

Chapter 3.1.3.2 Site Justification


The result of the Likert Scale System conducted by the proponent determines the
effective and specific location and site of the proposed project. Site B that was located in
Barangay Parguan, San Jose Antipolo, Rizal had gathered the largest number of points
in choosing the site allocation for the proposed project. The chosen site will be
functional not only to sustain the primary needs of the athletes, but also in the inert
significance and importance of the proposed project in relation to the chosen site. This
would carry the project more effective and will bring the study to improve.

Chapter 3.2 Site Evaluation and Analysis


Chapter 3.2.1 Macro Setting

History Background

The City was named after a tree locally known as Tipolo (Artocarpus Incisa), which was
in abundance in the area in the early times. It was converted from a municipality into a
component city of Rizal Province on April 4, 1998, under Republic Act No. 8508. A new
provincial capitol building was inaugurated in the city in March 2009 to replace the old
capitol in Pasig, which has long been outside the jurisdiction of Rizal Province. With the
transfer of the provincial government to Antipolo, it is highly favor to be officially
designated as the new capital of the province. On March 14, 2011, President Benigno
Aquino declared Antipolo a highly-urbanized city.

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Geography and Geology


Antipolo is located in the northern half of Rizal
Province, close to its meridional center.

It lies

between latitudes 14 32' and 1445' north and


longitudes 121 6' and 121 24' east. It is bounded
on the north by the municipality of Rodriguez, on the
northwest by the Marikina City and San Mateo, on the
southwest by the towns of Taytay and Cainta, on the
southeast by the towns of Tanay, Teresa and Baras,
and on the east by Quezon Province.
Antipolo city has the second largest land area in Rizal Province next only to Rodriguez.
Its total area of 38,504.44 hectares represents 29.9% of Rizal. Antipolo comprises 16
barangays namely: San Roque, San Jose, San Isidro, De la Paz, Cupang, Mayamot,
Mambugan, Calawis, Dalig, Beverly Hills, Sta. Cruz, San Luis, Inarawan, San Juan,
Bagong Nayon, and Muntindilaw.

Figure 27. Geologic Map of Antipolo, Rizal

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Climate

Based on the PAGASA (Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Service


Administration) or Corona's climate classification system, Antipolo has a Type I Climate,
which is marked by two distinct seasons the wet season from May to December and
the dry season from January to April. The main climatic control operating in the climate
of the area is actually the monsoon wind system. The warm southwest monsoon wind
brings rain to the city after gathering moisture from the Indian Ocean, while the cool
northeast monsoon moves as a dry wind and comes even drier after crossing the Sierra
Madre orographic barrier.

Mineral Sources

The diastrophic folding process that produced the Sierra Madre Mountains has brought
mineral deposits and made the crustal substructure nearer to the surface, making them
easily mineable.

Water Source

Due to its large size and hilly topography, Antipolo possesses a significant number and
variety of water resources like rivers, streams, springs, waterfalls, and groundwater
aquifers. In a relatively water-scarce area, these water bodies provide sources of water
for domestic and industrial uses as well as for irrigation.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Land Use

Figure 28. Land Use Map of Antipolo

The Citys land use was categorized between urban and rural land uses. The urban land
uses (residential, commercial, industrial, institutional, recreational and ecotourism)
accounted for 14% of the total land area where residential use was the predominant
land use in the City. This accounted for the large number of residential developments,
which occupied 4,837.61 hectares representing 12.5% of the Citys total land area. For
commercial uses, these activities were found mostly in the Poblacion in Brgy. San Roque
and in Brgy. Mayamot.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Infrastructure and Utilities

Road Netwrok - Antipolo City is linked to Metro Manila by three major national roads:
Sumulong Highway, the Marikina-Infanta Road (MIR), and the Ortigas Extension from
the south. All except the MIR lead to the poblacion. The MIR traverses through central
Antipolo and extends further east to Tanay.
Other major roads that link Antipolo with its neighbors are the Provincial Road, which
links Antipolo to Teresa, and M.L. Quezon St., which extends southward to Angono.

Figure 29. Road Networks going to Antipolo

Mode of Transportation- Based on the data from the City Public Utility Vehicle Transport
Regulatory Board, tricycles are the most numerous mode of public transportation with
9,769 or 80% of the entire PUVs in the City. Second is jeepney with 1,744. The number

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.
of FX/AUVs, PUJs and buses decreased comapared to the previous year. Tricycles
increased by 2.4%. Overall, the public utilities in the city slightly increased by .20% for
the past three years.

Power Services - Antipolo City is generally supplied with electrical power by MERALCO
since the 1930s. All the barangays in Antipolo have electricity.

Water Sources- The water supply system for household consumption of Antipolo comes
from five main sources: Spring Water, Artesian Wells, Open Wells, Water Tankering and
the Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System (MWSS).

Chapter 3.2.2 Micro Setting

Geographical Profile

SITE

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

SITE
LOT AREA:
43, 575
sq.m

Figure 30. Aerial View of Site

The site is situated in Barangay Parguan San Jose Antipolo, Rizal covering an area of
exactly 43, 575 sq.m. Barangay San Jose was grouped under the second district of
Antipolo City, having a total population of 88, 222 (has of 2010) and has a total area of
13, 787. 77 ha.

SITE

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

The chosen site falls under level to gently sloping to slightly flat. The greater part of the
site was part of the level to very gently sloping. Antipolo is below 500 meters in altitude,
the area has an elevation of 175 290 meters. The site is very buildable and posses a
likable land topography and minimal terrain in the strategic location of the site.

Figure 31. Elevation Map of Antipolo

Based on the morphological approach of soil classification or what is called the 7th
Approximation of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the soils of Antipolo may be
classified into the soil series and taxonomic names.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

SITE

Figure 32. Soil Map of Antipolo

The soil situated in the site was the San Luis Clay series that has two phases in
Antipolo, namely, the 0 to 2% and 2 to 5% slopes. It is usually deep, well drained and
occurs in undulating plateaus. The soil horizon is not more than 20 cm. thick and is
reddish brown to very dark grayish brown in color with dark brown to dark reddish
mottles. This soil series is vegetated with grass and patched of fruit trees. It covers
1,303.17 hectares or 3.38% of the city.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

SITE

Figure 33. Land Use Zoning Map

The selected site was classified as medium density residential zone. The chosen site has
the likable area for the proposed project. It was classified under the medium density
residential zone because of the number of residential units scattered near the location.

Chapter 3.2.2.1 Image Map


The Image Map will focus with the catchment area of 3 kilometers away from the site. It
will feature what will be the coverage of the site with respect to the outside condition of
the surroundings where the site located. Under the 3 km catchment zone was covered

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.
almost the total urban area of the municipality of Antipolo. The map will pinpoint the
Kevin Lynchs Image of the City to be able to some up all the necessary details and
information.

Landmark landmarks in Antipolo city are distinctively identified. It was commonly use
by the public and help the users in familiarizing the neighboring places within the vicinity
of the site. Some of the common landmarks than are nearby the site are the Dalig
National High School, Robinsons Homes, Antipolo Lady Lourdes, Avida Subdivision.

Nodes - Nodes became a prominent feature of the site as well as with its surroundings
since it caters different strategic places in the municipality where theres a great
concentration of people or other type of bodies that meet less than one place. Some of
these are Sen. Lorenzo Sumulong Memorial Circle, Claveria Plaza, Uniciano Medical
Center, and Antipolo Doctors Hospital.

Path - Path was a very important factor for the site allocation and navigation. It serves
as driving tool to the target users in relation to identify and locate the location of the
site. These consist of the major and minor roads such as Provincial Road, AntipoloTeresa Morong Road, Circumferencial Road, Sto. Nino Street.

Edges - Edges come in many forms. It may comes from different aspects such as a
welcome arc upon entering to the municipalities and each of the barangays, concrete
fences that usually bordered the locality and each of the vacant lot.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

District - District directly pertains on the zonal provision or condition of the site and its
surrounding areas that may affect the development of the whole project.

Image Map and Site Photo Documentation

Figure 11. Actual Photo of the Site

The research need an actual photo documentation of the site in order to analyze and
observe exisiting vegetation, roads and landmarks within the vicinity of the site. The
photos taken are based on the outside view and inside view of the lot.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Chapter 3.2.2.2 Technical Description of the Site

5
2
6

Figure 12. Site Description

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Chapter 3.2.2.3 Site Orientation

Figure 13. Site Analysis

The study will provide analysis on factors affecting the site. These factors are identified
and analysed to serve as the basis of site planning. Site analysis will include the solar
analysis, wind analysis and noise analysis. The site is surrounded by a residential area.
The noise source coming from the left side of the site are residential structures. The
road from Provincial road will produce vehicular niose.

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Chapter 3.2.2.4 Schematic Site Development and Massing

Sports
facility
Training
Bldg. 1

Training
Bldg.2

Parking

Therapy
Center

Outdoor
courts

Admin
Bldg.

Training
Bldg. 3

Figure 34. Scheme 1 Site Development

Figure 35. Scheme 1 Massing

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Training
Bldg.2

Training
Bldg. 3

Therapy
Center

Training
Bldg. 1
Parking

Sports
facility

Admin
Bldg.

Figure 36. Schematic 2 Site Devt and Massing

Chapter 3.2.2.5 Related Laws and Ordinances


This study referred to the National Building Code of the Philippines and the approved
ordinances of the municipality of Antipolo, Rizal.

Chapter 3.2.2.6 Site Potential and Computation

Total Land Area (TLA) = 43, 575 m2


o

Allowable Maximum Building Footprint (AMBF)

The allowable maximum building footprint is the difference of the total lot area and the
total open space within the lot.
AMBF = TLA - TOSL = 43, 575 m2 - 34, 861 m2 = 8, 714 m2
o

Maximum Allowable Percentage of Site Occupancy (PSO)

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.
According to table VIII.1. of the building code of the Philippines 2004, The percentage
of Site Occupancy of a site without fire wall is 70% of the lots total area.
PSO = AMBF / TLA = 8, 714 m2 / 43, 575 m2 = 20% of TLA (8, 715 m2)
o

Maximum Allowable Impervious Surface Area (ISA)

The maximum allowable impervious surface area with no fire wall is 15% of the total lot
area. ISA = 30% of TLA = 43, 575 x .30 = 13, 073.5 m2
o

Unpaved Surface Area (USA)

The Unpaved surface area with no fire wall is 15% of the total lot area.
USA = 50% of TLA = 43, 575 x .50 = 21. 787.5 m2
o

Maximum Allowable Construction Area (MACA)

MACA = PSO + ISA = 8, 715 m2 + 13, 073.5 m2 = 21, 788.55 m2


o

Total Open Space within Lot (TOSL)

The total open space within lot is the sum of the maximum impervious surface area and
unpaved surface area.
TOSL = ISA + USA = 13, 073.5 m2 + 21. 787.5 m2 = 34, 861 m2
Table No. 6
Site Potential and Computation

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Related Appendices

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Figure 37. Survey Questionaire

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Figure 38. TCT of the Site

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Figure 39. Technical Description of the Site

Proposed Sports Training and Athletic Therapy Center


Garcia, Mayvette S.

Figure 40. TCT of site C