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DESIGN OF STRAP (CANTILEVER) FOOTINGS

Design Steps and Equations

For an example on Design of Strap Footing click here

For an example on Design of Strap Footing click here (a) (b) (a) Strap Footing with

(a)

For an example on Design of Strap Footing click here (a) (b) (a) Strap Footing with

(b)

(a) Strap Footing with non-uniform strap bean thickness (b) Strap Footing with uniform strap bean thickness

P 1

P 2

P 1 P 2 S l l 2 1 h Strap Beam L 1 x B

S

P 1 P 2 S l l 2 1 h Strap Beam L 1 x B
l l 2 1 h Strap Beam L 1 x B 1
l
l 2
1
h Strap Beam
L 1 x B 1
P 1 P 2 S l l 2 1 h Strap Beam L 1 x B

B

1

e R 1 L 1
e
R
1
L
1
b 1 l 1
b 1
l
1

b 2

l 2

Strap Beam
Strap Beam

B

2

STEP 1 DIMENSION FOOTINGS (Determine L 1 , B 1 , L 2 and B 2 )

Allowable load

Ultimate load

Ultimate ratio

P = P 1 + P 2

P u = [1.4DL 1 + 1.7LL 1 ] + [1.4DL 2 + 1.7LL 2 ]

P

r u = P u

, Ultimate applied pressure q u = q a x r u

!M col.

2 = 0

R 1 (S " e) " P u1 S = 0

!M R1 = 0

P u2 (S " e) " R 2 (S " e) " P u1 e = 0

(1)

(2)

!F = 0

P u1 + P u2 " R 1 " R 2 = 0

(3)

To solve these three equations assume a value for e,

a) Find R 1 by eq. (1)

b) Find R 2 by eq. (2).

c) Check eq. (3). If eq. (3) is not satisfied, then repeat 1 and 2 until eq. (3) is satisfied.

q u = r u q a

Footing 1:

(

L 1 = 2 x & e

'

l

) 2

1

%

#

$

and

B 1 =

R

1

q

u

L

1

L 2 Footing 2: let k 2 = (1.0 means footing 2 is square) B
L
2
Footing 2:
let k 2 =
(1.0 means footing 2 is square)
B
2
R
2
B 2 =
and
L 2 = k 2 B 2
k
q
2
u

Note: In step (c) above, any value of e will do, however, the best selection is the one that gives B 1 = B 2

STEP 2 DRAW SHEAR AND MOMENT DIAGRAMS (L - DIRECTION)

q u1, L

=

q u x

q u2, L = q u x

B

B

1

2

The general shape of the shear and bending moment diagrams are shown on the next page.

P 1 P 2 S l l 2 1 Strap Beam q u1, L q
P 1
P 2
S
l
l 2
1
Strap Beam
q u1, L
q u2, L
Constant Shear in Strap Beam = V Strap
+
V(kN)
"
Top Steel
Footing 1
Top Steel, Strap
Beam, M u (strap)
Top Steel
Footing 2
"
M(kN.m)
+
Moment drawn on tension side
Bottom Steel
Footing 2

STEP 3 DEPTH OF CONCRETE, d'

Estimate d' for footing 1 by 3-way punching shear under column 1 and for

footing 2 by 4-way punching shear under column 2.

(Use Equations For Punching Shear or approximate d' by Structural

Depth of Concrete table for punching shear failure).

Note: Usually punching shear govern over wide beam so there is no need

to check against wide beam.

STEP 4 REINFORCEMENT IN L-DIRECTION

The calculations below are repeated for both footings.

1. Select the appropriate moments (refer to moment diagram) and estimate the moment per meter by M u (x)/m = M u (x)/B.

2. Using M u (x)/m, d', f c ' and f y estimate the reinforcement A s (refer to Equations for Reinforcement or the percent reinforcement can be obtained directly from Percent Steel Tables).

STEP 5 REINFORCEMENT IN B-DIRECTION

For Footing 1

L 1 ' =

M u1 =

B

1

"

b

1

2

q

u

2

*

L

1

'

+ 2

For Footing 2

L 2 ' =

M u2 =

B

2

"

b

2

q

u

2

2

*

L

2

'

+ 2

Using M u`- , d', f c ' and f y estimate the reinforcement A s (refer to Equations for

Reinforcement or the percent reinforcement can be obtained directly from

Percent Steel Tables).

STEP 6 DEPTH AND REINFORCEMENT OF STRAP BEAM

Depth h of strap beam:

Assume that the width of the trap = b (with of the smallest of column 1

or 2). The shear stress, , u =

V strap

b h

Reinforcement of strap beam:

- , c =

8.87

f' c
f'
c

. Solve for h.

Select the appropriate moments (refer to moment diagram) M u (strap). Using M u (strap), d', f c ' and f y estimate the reinforcement A s (refer to Equations for Reinforcement or the percent reinforcement can be obtained directly from Percent Steel Tables). A s is the total reinforcement in strap beam.

For an example on Design of Strap Footing click here