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DESIGN OF STRAP (CANTILEVER) FOOTINGS

Design Steps and Equations (a) (b)

(a) Strap Footing with non-uniform strap bean thickness (b) Strap Footing with uniform strap bean thickness

P 1

P 2 S  l
l 2
1
h Strap Beam
L 1 x B 1 B

1 e
R
1
L
1 b 1
l
1

b 2

l 2 Strap Beam

B

2

STEP 1 DIMENSION FOOTINGS (Determine L 1 , B 1 , L 2 and B 2 )

Ultimate ratio

P = P 1 + P 2

P u = [1.4DL 1 + 1.7LL 1 ] + [1.4DL 2 + 1.7LL 2 ]

P

r u = P u

, Ultimate applied pressure q u = q a x r u

!M col.

2 = 0

R 1 (S " e) " P u1 S = 0

!M R1 = 0

P u2 (S " e) " R 2 (S " e) " P u1 e = 0

(1)

(2)

!F = 0

P u1 + P u2 " R 1 " R 2 = 0

(3)

To solve these three equations assume a value for e,

a) Find R 1 by eq. (1)

b) Find R 2 by eq. (2).

c) Check eq. (3). If eq. (3) is not satisfied, then repeat 1 and 2 until eq. (3) is satisfied.

q u = r u q a

Footing 1:

(

L 1 = 2 x & e

'

l

) 2

1

%

#

\$

and

B 1 =

R

1

q

u

L

1 L
2
Footing 2:
let k 2 =
(1.0 means footing 2 is square)
B
2
R
2
B 2 =
and
L 2 = k 2 B 2
k
q
2
u

Note: In step (c) above, any value of e will do, however, the best selection is the one that gives B 1 = B 2

STEP 2 DRAW SHEAR AND MOMENT DIAGRAMS (L - DIRECTION)

q u1, L

=

q u x

q u2, L = q u x

B

B

1

2

The general shape of the shear and bending moment diagrams are shown on the next page. P 1
P 2
S
l
l 2
1
Strap Beam
q u1, L
q u2, L
Constant Shear in Strap Beam = V Strap
+
V(kN)
"
Top Steel
Footing 1
Top Steel, Strap
Beam, M u (strap)
Top Steel
Footing 2
"
M(kN.m)
+
Moment drawn on tension side
Bottom Steel
Footing 2

STEP 3 DEPTH OF CONCRETE, d'

Estimate d' for footing 1 by 3-way punching shear under column 1 and for

footing 2 by 4-way punching shear under column 2.

(Use Equations For Punching Shear or approximate d' by Structural

Depth of Concrete table for punching shear failure).

Note: Usually punching shear govern over wide beam so there is no need

to check against wide beam.

STEP 4 REINFORCEMENT IN L-DIRECTION

The calculations below are repeated for both footings.

1. Select the appropriate moments (refer to moment diagram) and estimate the moment per meter by M u (x)/m = M u (x)/B.

2. Using M u (x)/m, d', f c ' and f y estimate the reinforcement A s (refer to Equations for Reinforcement or the percent reinforcement can be obtained directly from Percent Steel Tables).

STEP 5 REINFORCEMENT IN B-DIRECTION

For Footing 1

L 1 ' =

M u1 =

B

1

"

b

1

2

q

u

2

*

L

1

'

+ 2

For Footing 2

L 2 ' =

M u2 =

B

2

"

b

2

q

u

2

2

*

L

2

'

+ 2

Using M u`- , d', f c ' and f y estimate the reinforcement A s (refer to Equations for

Reinforcement or the percent reinforcement can be obtained directly from

Percent Steel Tables).

STEP 6 DEPTH AND REINFORCEMENT OF STRAP BEAM

Depth h of strap beam:

Assume that the width of the trap = b (with of the smallest of column 1

or 2). The shear stress, , u =

V strap

b h

Reinforcement of strap beam:

- , c =

8.87 f'
c

. Solve for h.

Select the appropriate moments (refer to moment diagram) M u (strap). Using M u (strap), d', f c ' and f y estimate the reinforcement A s (refer to Equations for Reinforcement or the percent reinforcement can be obtained directly from Percent Steel Tables). A s is the total reinforcement in strap beam.