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Tornadoes are known as one of the most damaging disasters.

A tornado is a very powerful
column of winds which spirals around a center of low atmospheric pressure. A tornado will look like a
large black funnel which hangs down from a storm cloud.
The winds inside a twister can spin around at speeds up to 500 miles an hour, The forming of a
tornado can be very quick. Sometimes it can form in a minute or less. A tornado can travel across the
ground at high speeds, then it can suddenly vanish. Most tornadoes last less than twenty minutes and
travel less than 15 miles. However, the super storms sometimes travel over 100 miles before they are
exhausted.
Before tornado happens, it has several signal. First, the sky seems dark. Then happen ice rain
around the area, usually 20-25 minutes. After that, the situation will calm, but the sky become darker.
Fourth, cloud moving around the area. Fifth, the sound of tornado heard. At the beginning, the sound like
water fall, but in the process of time it will change until like jet plane which is very loud. A tornado
usually move from southwest to north east.
The process of tornado begin with storm followed by rain, thunder and lightning. When the
temperature of the soil go up, the hot and moist air start to go up too. Then, when warm, the moist and
cold air fill up the dry air. That upraised up, enter to the upper air layer. A thunderbolt cloud begin to
form in this phase. The move of air go up is very fast. Wind from side cause the different direction and
form a very very strong rotation.

Solution :
a. When in danger immediately to a shelter (bunker)
b. If you are inside a building such as homes, office buildings, schools, hospitals, factories,
shopping malls, skyscrapers, then you have to do is head over to the room that had been prepared to face
the situation like a room that is considered the safest , basement, indoor anti-storms, or at the level of the
bottom floor.
If there is no basement, get to the middle of the room on the bottom floor, turn away from the
corner of the room corners, windows, doors, and the outer walls of the building. The more the bulkhead
wall between yourself with the outer wall of the building safely. Take refuge under the table use your
arms to protect your head and neck. Never open the window.
c. If you're in the car, immediately stop and leave your car and look for the nearest shelter as
mentioned above.
d. If you are outdoors and away from the protection, then you have to do is as follows:
1 Tiaraplah at the lowest possible place, nearby waterways or the like while still protecting the
head and neck by using your arms
2 Do not shelter under bridges, overpasses, or the like. You will be safer lying down on a flat and
low
3 Do not ever run away from a tornado by using the vehicle when driving in densely populated
areas or building lot. Immediately leave your vehicle to seek shelter nearby.
4 Be careful of objects blown tornado. It can cause death and serious injury

jendela. Berlindunglah di bawah meja gunakan lengan anda untuk melindungi kepala dan leher anda. d. Semakin banyak sekat dinding antara diri anda dengan dinding terluar gedung semakin aman. maka tiba-tiba bisa menghilang. Pada awalnya. Pertama. namun dalam proses waktu yang akan berubah sampai seperti pesawat jet yang sangat keras. Kemudian terjadi hujan es di seluruh wilayah. awan bergerak di seluruh wilayah. Umumnya tornado berlangsung kurang dari dua puluh menit dan perjalanan kurang dari 15 mil. biasanya 20-25 menit. Keempat. maka yang anda harus lakukan adalah sebagai berikut: 1. Langkah udara naik sangat cepat. guntur dan kilat. 4. Bila dalam keadaan bahaya segeralah ke tempat perlindungan (bunker ) b. pusat perbelanjaan. a. Sebelum tornado terjadi. udara lembab dan dingin mengisi udara kering. tapi langit menjadi gelap. Awan petir mulai terbentuk pada fase ini. pabrik. Segera tinggalkan kendaraan anda untuk mencari tempat perlindungan terdekat. pintu. ia memiliki beberapa sinyal. suara seperti air jatuh. atau di tingkat lantai yang paling bawah. Ketika suhu tanah naik. masukkan ke lapisan udara atas. Kemudian. gedung perkantoran. Jika anda berada di luar ruangan dan jauh dari tempat perlindungan. jalan layang. Anda akan lebih aman tiarap pada tempat yang datar dan rendah 3. jauhilah sudut sudut ruangan. Angin dari sisi menyebabkan arah yang berbeda dan membentuk rotasi sangat sangat kuat. Sebuah tornado akan terlihat seperti corong hitam besar yang menggantung dari awan badai. basement. Pembentukan tornado bisa sangat cepat. gedung pencakar langit. saluran air terdekat atau sejenisnya sambil tetap melindungi kepala dan leher dengan menggunakan lengan anda 2. Tornado biasanya bergerak dari barat daya ke utara timur. badai yang super kadang-kadang melakukan perjalanan lebih dari 100 mil sebelum mereka kelelahan. maka yang anda harus lakukan adalah segera menuju ke ruangan yang telah dipersiapkan untuk menghadapi keadaan tersebut seperti sebuah ruangan yang dianggap paling aman. c. ruangan anti badai.Tornado dikenal sebagai salah satu bencana yang paling merusak. segeralah hentikan dan tinggalkan mobil anda serta carilah tempat perlindungan yang terdekat seperti yang telah disebutkan di atas. atau sejenisnya. dan dinding terluar bangunan. situasi akan tenang. Hati hati terhadap benda benda yang diterbangkan angin puting beliung. Tiaraplah pada tempat yang serendah mungkin. Jangan berlindung di bawah jembatan. Kadang-kadang dapat terbentuk dalam satu menit atau kurang. Kelima. awal udara panas dan lembab untuk naik juga. rumah sakit. langit tampak gelap. Tornado adalah kolom yang sangat kuat dari angin yang spiral sekitar pusat tekanan atmosfer rendah. Hal ini dapat menyebabkan kematian dan cedera serius . Jangan pernah membuka jendela. Yang terangkat ke atas. Jika anda berada di dalam mobil. segeralah ke tengah tengah ruangan pada lantai terbawah. Jika anda berada di dalam bangunan seperti rumah. Setelah itu. Proses tornado dimulai dengan badai yang diikuti oleh hujan. Tornado dapat melakukan perjalanan melintasi tanah pada kecepatan tinggi. sekolah. ketika hangat. suara tornado terdengar. Angin dalam twister dapat berputar dengan kecepatan hingga 500 kilometer per jam. Bila tidak terdapat basement. Namun. Jangan pernah melarikan diri dari angin puting beliung dengan menggunakan kendaraan bermobil bila di daerah yang berpenduduk padat atau yang bangunannya banyak.

can be several miles long.4 billion flashes per year. electricity in the middle is positively charged. A lightning. This rain meets more moist air rising. resulting in nearly 1.Lightning is a massive electrostatic discharge between the electrically charged regions within clouds or between a cloud and the Earth's surface. Scientists suspect jumps own electric sparks occur. while at the bottom is the negative charge that blend in with the positive charge. It is so hot. Lightning occurs in hot. that the air around it suddenly expands with a loud blast. it will accumulate at the top of the cloud is a negative electric charge. It forms a type of cloud called cumulonimbus. Moist air is driven up to a great height. with an average temperature of 34.000° Centigrade. and the fear of lightning is called astraphobia . and it is the friction between them which produces static electricity. wet storms. At the bottom of this ordinary lightning. or bolt. When the cloud rises high enough. there are several steps that are usually passed. Generally. the moisture freezes and ice crystals and snowfl akes are formed. This is the thunder we hear Lightning occurs due to negative charges transfer (electrons) to the positive charges (protons). When a cloud is fully charged with this electricity. it discharged it as a lightning flash. turning to rain on the way down. The science of lightning is called fulminology. Lightning occurs approximately 40–50 times a second worldwide. The first is the compression of electric charge on the cloud question. These begin to fall.