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City grid smart transport system

1 SMARTER CITIES- SMARTER TRANSPORT


1.1 INTRODUCTION
Smart cities of the future require a completely different approach to utilization of energy than
conventional wisdom will suggest, green buildings that provide lighting with mirrors at minimal costs
and small scale water cleaning technologies have revolutionized the way smart cities are utilizing lowest
energy costs. But one major flaw in every city of the future has been the transport, mass transportation
like internal rails are good alternatives but with billions of vehicles plying the roads, its time to rethink
highway commutation for smart cities.

1.2 NEED FOR THE IDEA:


With global pollution levels alarmingly high and fossil fuels nearly depleted, there seems to be a
renewed focus on vehicles running on renewable energy sources. There has been a huge surge in the
number of electric vehicles on road due to the inherent advantage of ample availability of electricity and
no pollution but the single biggest issue has also arisen in the fold due to the concern over one
component Battery. The global installed base of EV charging stations is set to reach more than 1.1
million units worldwide by the end of this year. The average range of e-vehicles is 120-300 miles and the
average life of a battery pack costing 250$ per kilowatt hour (total average 40kWh) is 5 years or 100,000
miles. So with a future prospect of no significant innovation in battery technology in the next five years
and battery costs exceeding $10,000 per vehicle, it is high time for a redesign of the way our E-vehicles
work.

1.3 THE IDEA:


The concept is of a smart city with embedded magnetic resonant chargers in the road that charge the
onboard receiver in vehicles with the required amount of power. Electric Cars are free to roam around
the city without the need to worry about power.

1.4 IMPLEMENTATION:
1. The coils are embedded in the road surface with control mechanisms to trigger the circuit when
a car passes so that there is efficient handing over of car from one coil to another and the coil
remains dormant when not in use.
2. There is a receiver coil in the vehicles that converts the magnetic energy to electric and supplies
to the motor in the vehicle to move. The power usage can be monitored onboard and billed per
month for the usage of electricity.
3. Smart grids can be created using maps, chargers and central data control to provide automated
driving experience to the customers, who can specify the start and end destination and the car
receives the grid data based on the embedded charger route, Gps (traffic), and map based data
applications.

4. Vehicles can be provided at half of the cost of existing vehicles (since it only requires drive
mechanism and DC motors and no batteries) with embedded resonant receivers inbuilt, existing
petrol vehicles can continue plying on the new roads without any interference, with subsidies
and reduced cost of operation the value seeking Indian population will turn over to the new
solution In the long run.
5. Vehicles can be provided different speed/power capacities based on the amount of power
drawn and the idle utilization of energy at traffic stops and other stop overs can be minimized
many fold over the current electric solutions.

1.5 PROPOSED PROJECT LOCATION:


With a push from the BJP led government to create a smart city starting with Varanasi there needs to be
a planned reorganization of the way the roads are redesigned in Varanasi with the center of the city
designed around the airport and railway station and test grids placed in major roads connecting both
the centers.

1.6 FEASIBILITY OF THE PROJECT


With current sources of power running out and no battery based alternative in pipeline there needs to
be a push for next generation transportation solutions for a long term vision, with Modi led
governments push for infrastructure projects taking a step ahead road reconstruction will be done for
most roads with 7300 crores of new roads budget allocation and 830 crores of road maintenance budget,
the cost to implement this solution in hand with the government will be minimal and will yield
exceptional results in the future and enhanced savings due to the huge offset of petroleum import that
highlights Indias current budget deficit condition.
Traffic jams and road congestions also can be corrected as smart grids can predict the road traffic
patterns and driver alerts can be generated to use alternative routes. Setup of central traffic monitoring
headquarters can be done to identify accidents, traffic holdups etc. and rectify in real time. The
efficiency and uses of this system hugely offset the initially costs exponentially.

1.7 COST PROJECTIONS (ESTIMATED):


Total road length in Varanasi=1170 KM = 1170,000 meters
Taking 50% of the roads under cover initially=585 KM
Cost of construction per KM of road= 60 lacs per km
Total road reconstruction cost= 585* .6=351 crores
One coil per meter, weight of copper required =0.32 KG/KM
Cost of copper per KG= 431 Rs
Total copper required= 0.32* 430 =137.6 KG
Cost of copper = 59306 Rs
Cost of electronics and manpower (assumed) = Rs 10,000 per KM

Total cost per KM= 10000*585= 58,50,000 Rs


project cost= 58.5 lacs+59306+351 crores = 351.59 crores
Overhead at 10% => 351.59+35.15 crores
Final project cost =386.15 crores

1.8 PROPOSED ROADMAP


H2 2014
H2 2014
2015
H1 2016
H2 2016

Alpha Testing and feasibility study on pivot


roads along Varanasi
Parallel product concept testing for electronics
& charging coils
Building electronics and coils factory and
product development, testing
Grid beta testing and consumer feedback
Deployment and transfer to NHDA

1.9 FUTURE ROADMAP AND SCALABILITY


The project can be done for other cities in a phased manner using the same factories and products,
existing infrastructure can be leveraged for each new city and cost of scale realized for very large
implementations by 2030.
THANKS!
Go ahead and dream a connected tomorrow.