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# HIGHER SECONDARY MATHEMATICS FIRST YEAR

## DRAFT SYLLABUS and ANNEXURES

S.No.
1.

Chapter Name
Algebra I

Content
1.1

Partial Fractions :

1.2

Permutation and
combination :

Expected Outcome






2.

Algebra II

2.1

2.2

Mathematical
Induction and
Binomial Theorem :









## Linear factors (not repeated, repeated)

Fundamental principles of counting.
Permutation concept objects are
distinct not all distinct.
Combination concept relation between
permutation and combination properties.
Simple problems.
Principles of mathematical induction and
simple applications.
Binomial theorem (finite series)
statement and proof for natural number
powers finding middle and particular
term.
Revision of arithmetic and geometric
series simple problems
Arithmetic and geometric means.
Binomial theorem infinite series
(statement only) for rational index powers
(4 different cases).
Statements of exponential and logarithmic
series.

No. of
Periods
14

14

3.

4.

Vector Algebra I

3.1

Matrices :

3.2

Determinants :

4.1

## Scalars and Vectors :

4.2

Resolution of a vector :

##  Concept order types of matrices zero

matrix transpose of a matrix symmetric
and skew symmetric matrices triangular
matrices (of maximum order 3 3)
simple properties
 Operations on matrices commutative
property.
 Order minor cofactor expansions
properties of determinants product of
determinants.
 Singular and non-singular matrices
simple problems.
 Concept of scalars and vectors
magnitude and direction of a general
subtraction and scalar multiple)
 Types of vectors Free vector localised
vector zero vector unit vector
negative of a vector collinear vectors
coplanar vectors co-initial vectors like
vectors unlike vectors and equality of
vectors.
 Illustrations direction ratios non
uniqueness property direction cosines
(unique and non uniqueness property)
position vector of a point.
 Section formula to find p.v. of a point
dividing a line segment in the given ratio.

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16

5.

Trigonometry

4.3

Laws on Polygon :

5.1

Identities :

5.2

6.1

Solutions of
Trigonometrical
equations :
Properties of
Triangles :
Straight lines :

6.2

## Pair of straight lines :

5.3
6.

Analytical Geometry I
(Two dimensional)

##  Triangle law parallelogram law

polygon law.
 Properties of addition of vectors.
 Revision of trigonometrical identities and
signs of T-ratios.
 Deduction of the identities
sin (A B), cos (AB), tan (A B),
sin2A, cos2A, tan2A, sin3A, cos3A, tan3A.
 Sums and products
sin C sin D, cos C cos D
sin A cos B, cos A cos B, sin A sin B
 General solution of the trigonometrical
equations (sin = sin , cos = cos ,
tan = tan , a cos + b sin = c)
 sine cosine projection area formulae
(without proof)
 Revision of Locus and various forms of
equations of a straight line (slope
point, slope intercept, two points,
intercepts, normal and parametric forms)
General equation of a line.
 Equation of a pair of straight lines:
Problems connected with
(i) distance of a point from a line.
(ii) distance between two parallel lines.
(iii) equation of lines bisecting the angle
between two lines.
(iv) angle between two lines.

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12

7.

7.1

Intervals :

##  Intervals open, closed, neighbourhood.

7.2

Relations :

 Types of relations.

7.3

Functions :

##  Various representations of a function.

Types of functions vertical and
horizontal tests.

16

##  Defining inverse of a function.

 Some special functions linear functions
non-linear functions.
 rational functions absolute value
functions signum and step functions
even and odd functions periodic
functions composition of functions.
 Algebra of functions (sum, difference,
product and quotient)
8.

## Trigonometrical functions and

8.1 Graphs of
Inverse Trigonometrical functions
trigonometrical
functions :
8.2

Graphs of inverse
trigonometrical
functions :

domain.

inequalities

finding

the

##  Graphs of sine, cosine, tangent, secant,

cosec and cot functions domain and
range.
 Graphs of inverse functions of sine
cosine tan secant cosec and cot
functions domain and range.
 Properties of inverse trigonometrical
functions simple problems.

12

9.

Differential Calculus :

Limit continuity

##  The calculation of limits.

Differentiability

##  The limit theorems.

 The squeeze play theorem.
 Infinite limits and limits at infinity.
 Precise definition of limit (the theory of
limits)
 Tangent lines and derivatives.
 The derivative as a rate of change
9.2

Continuity and
differentiability :

##  Continuity of a function at a point : left

hand limit right hand limit definition
of continuity of a function at a point
discontinuity of a function types of
discontinuities algebra of continuous
functions. Composite function theorem on
continuity continuity in interval
definition continuity of some standard
functions: polynomial rational
trigonometric

exponential
and
logarithmic
functions.
Relationship
between continuity and differentiability
left hand derivative and right hand
derivative (need and concept) every
differentiable function is continuous but
converse is not true.

22

10.

Differentiation techniques

11.

Integral Calculus

11.1

11.2

11.3

12.

Probability theory

12.1
12.2

##  Some differentiation formulae.

 The product and quotient rules.
 The derivative of composite functions :
The chain rule.
 The derivative of a power function.
 The derivatives of trigonometric functions.
 Implicit differentiation parametric
differentiation.
 Higher order derivatives (restricted upto
second order).
 Differentiation of one function with
respect to another function.
 Definition of integration as anti-derivative
Integration :
geometrical interpretation of indefinite
integrals algebra of integrals Integrals
of some standard functions rules of
integration.
 Indefinite integrals methods of
Methods of
integration: decomposition method
Integration :
substitution method integrals of various
types integration by parts integration
by partial fractions.
 Definite integrals (Riemann integral) as
Definite Integral
limits of sums Statements of
a concept :
fundamental theorems of integral calculus .
Probability a classical  Classical definition random experiments
sample space.
approach :
Events :
 Sure impossible mutually exclusive
exhaustive

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30

20

##  Addition and multiplication theorems

independent and dependent events
conditional probability total probability
Statement of Bayes theorem simple
problems.
Total Number of Periods
Allotted periods / week 7
Approximate transaction days 150
7
Approximate number of periods 150 5 = 210.

210

## HIGHER SECONDARY MATHEMATICS SECOND YEAR

DRAFT SYLLABUS and ANNEXURES
S.No.
1.

Chapter Name
Complex numbers

Content
1.1
1.2

2.

3.

Theory of equations

## Need for complex

numbers :
Properties :

1.3

Polar form :

2.1

Polynomial equations :

2.2

Demoivres theorem :

3.1

Inverse of a Matrix :

3.2

Elementary
transformations :

Expected Outcome

No. of
Periods

##  Existence of complex numbers

 Complex numbers as ordered pairs of real
numbers algebra of complex numbers
conjugate of a complex number modulus
of a complex number triangle inequality.
 Polar form of a complex number
principal value of the argument simple
problems.
 Statement of fundamental theorem of
algebra.
 Relationship
between
roots
and
coefficients.
 Quadratic equations and their applications.
 Irrational roots, complex roots (upto 4th
degree equation), reciprocal equation (upto
4th degree).
 Statement of Demoivres theorem.
 Solving x3 1 = 0, x4 1 = 0.
 Cofactor matrix, adjoint of a matrix,
inverse of a matrix, uniqueness of inverse,
simple problems.
 Concepts rank of a matrix.
 Echelon form, simple problems.
 Finding inverse of a matrix using
elementary transformations.

20

4.

Vector Algebra II

3.3

Solutions of system of
linear equations :

4.1

## Product of two vectors

Scalar product :

 Inverse method.
 Examining consistency by
(i) determinant method.
(ii) Rank method.
 Angle between two vectors definition of
dot product projection (geometrical
meaning of dot product) properties
applications: work done by a force to
geometry to trigonometry.
 Definition vector area (geometrical
meaning) properties of vector products.
 Applications: moment of a force to
geometry to trigonometry.
 Geometrical meaning determinant form
of scalar triple product.
 Simple properties.

4.2

Vector product :

4.3

Product of three
vectors
(i) Scalar triple
product :
(ii)Vector triple product  Two types of representations.
 Vector and Cartesian equations (two points
Co-ordinate geometry
form, one point and parallel to a vector
lines (3 dimensional):
form).
 Recalling direction ratios and direction
cosines.
 Angle between two lines.
 Coplanar lines (intersecting, perpendicular,
parallel).
 Non-coplanar lines.
 Distance between two parallel lines two
non-coplanar lines between a point and a
line.

4.4

30

5.

6.

Analytical Geometry II
(Two dimensional)

Linear Programming

4.5

Co-ordinate Geometry
planes
(3 dimensional) :

##  Vector and Cartesian form of a plane

(i) normal form, (ii) 1 point and two
parallel vector (iii) 2 points and 1 parallel
vector, (iv) 3 points form, (v) passing
through intersection of two planes.
 Angle between two planes
 Angle between a line and a plane.
 Meeting point of a line and a plane
 Distance between
(i) a point and a plane.
(ii) between two parallel planes.

5.1

Conic sections :

##  Sections of a cone definition of a conic

and general equation of a conic.

5.2

Circle :

##  General form standard form diameter

form and parametric form. Problems
connected with various forms.
 Verifying the position of a given point.

5.3

Parabola :

##  Standard equation: 4 types properties

simple problems and its applications.

5.4

Ellipse and
Hyperbola :

##  Standard equation: 2 types properties

simple problems and its applications.

6.1

Linear inequalities :

##  Simple inequation with one and two

variables system of inequations with two
variables (all graphical).
 Definition of related terminology such as
constraints objective function
optimization.

6.2

Linear programming
problems
Formulation

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10

7.

## Mathematical Logic and Binary

operations

6.3

Types of L.P.
problems :

7.1

Mathematical Logic :

##  different types of linear programming

(L.P.) problems graphical method of
solution for problems in two variables
feasible and infeasible regions feasible
and infeasible solutions optimal feasible
solutions
(upto
three
non-trivial
constraints).
 Statements: introduction sentences and
statement truth value of statements
open sentences compound statements
quantifier and quantified statements.
 Logical connectives : conjunction
disjunction negation implication
conditional biconditional.
 Truth tables of compound statements
examples related to real life and
mathematics statement patterns and
logical equivalence tautology
negation of compound statements.
 Contra-positive converse inverse
algebra of statements: idempotent law
associative law commutative law
distributive law identity law
complement law involution law
DeMorgans laws difference between:
application introduction to switching
circuits (simple examples).

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8.

9.

Applications of derivatives :

## Differentials and Partial

Derivatives:

7.2

Binary operations :

##  Binary operation as a function.

 Binary operation on various number
systems.
 Properties associative identity
inverse and commutative.
 Simple
problems
connected
with
properties.

8.1

Interpretations of
derivatives:

##  Tangents and normals

 Rate measure and related rates.
 Rolles theorem Mean value theorem
their geometrical meanings.
 Indeterminate forms a Limit process.

8.2

Sketching of
elementary curves:

##  Increasing / Decreasing First derivative

test.
 Concavity / convexity second derivative
test
 Asymptotes.
 Symmetrical properties.
 Sketching of simple curves
rational, polynomial, trigonometrical,
exponential, logarithmic curves

8.3

Extrema of functions :

##  Applications of Extrema (optimization

problems) first and second derivative
tests.

9.1

Differentials :

9.2

Errors and
Approximation :

##  Types of errors finding approximate

values using the concepts of differentials.

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12

9.3

10.

Integral Calculus

## Partial differentiation :  First order second order partial

derivatives.
 Function of a function rule (two and three
variables)
(i) u = f(x, y) or f(x, y, z)
x, y, z are functions of t
(ii) u = f(x, y), x and y and functions of u
and v.
 Simple problems.

## 10.1 Evaluation of definite

integrals :

10.2 Applications :

11.

Differential Equations

## 11.1 Need for differential

equations :

11.2 Formation of
Differential equations :

 By decomposition substitution
integration by parts properties of definite
integrals. Reduction formulae Gamma
integral Bernoullis formula.
 Proper and improper integral definition.
 Area under the curve : Area bounded by a
curve and axis (simple problems) area
bounded by two curves.
 volume of solid of revolution-volume of
solid obtained by revolving the area under
the curve about the axis (simple problems).
 Ordinary / partial differential equations
definitions.
 Order degree general solution
particular
solution
of
differential
equations.
 Formation of differential equations.
 Formation of differential equation by
eliminating arbitrary constants (at most
two constants).

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25

11.3 Solutions of
Differential Equations
(first order) :

11.4 Solutions of
Differential Equations
(second order) :
12.

Probability Distribution

## 12.1 Randam Variables :

12.2 Mathematical
Expectation :
12.3 Theoretical
distribution :

##  Solutions of first order and first degree

differential equations variable separable
method,
homogeneous
differential
equation
(equation
reducible
to
homogeneous form are not expected).
Linear differential equations applications
: Population growth bacterial colony
growth Newtons laws of cooling
 Second order linear equations with
constant coefficients (particular integral
connected with f(x) = ex, sin x, cosx).
 Discrete and continuous random variables
probability mass function probability
density function probability distribution
function properties.
 Mathematical expectation variance
standard deviation of a random variable.
 Binomial Poisson
normal
distributions.
Total Number of Periods
Allotted periods / week 7
Approximate transaction days 150
Approximate number of periods
7
150 5 = 210.

17

210

(I)

(II)

(III)

## MATHEMATICS DRAFT SYLLABUS ANNEXURE I

Curriculum Development and Syllabus in Higher Secondary Mathematics done based on the following needs :
(1)
It must cater to the needs of aspirants who pursue their higher education in Mathematics and in Pure Basics Sciences.
(2)
It is based on the need for those aspirants who pursue their higher education in Science and Technology / Engineering.
(3)
It must act as a level playing field for various Higher Secondary Boards in India.
(4)
It is aimed at facing the competitive examination JEE.
Justification for exclusion :
(1)
Existing / revised X Standard Mathematics Syllabi covers part of existing Higher Secondary Mathematics curriculum.
(2)
Certain portions that have been included as a tradition but not required for the current development.
Justification for Inclusion :
(1)
To maintain the flow of continuity.
(2)
To maintain quality / competition at the national level.
(3)
To maintain equilibrium at 210 periods level.

## MATHEMATICS DRAFT SYLLABUS ANNEXURE II

Sl.No.
Portions Excluded
Justification
XI Standard
1.
Sequences and Series
Already exists in the revised X Standard Mathematics content.
2.
Circular Permutations
No Boards in India includes and does not contribute for national level competitive exams
and is covered in higher classes.
3.
Fundamentals of Matrices
Already exists in the revised X Standard Mathematics content.
4.
Fundamentals of Trigonometry
Already exists in the revised X Standard Mathematics content.
5.
Solutions of Triangles
Not required for current develoipment.
6.
Already exists in the revised X Standard Mathematics content.
Derivation of different forms of
straight lines
XII Standard
1.
Applications of Demoivres Theorem
No Boards in India includes and does not contribute for national level competitive exams
and is covered in higher classes.
2.
Vector four products and scalar four No Boards in India includes and does not contribute for national level competitive exams
products.
and is covered in higher classes.
3.
Non-standard conic sections, shifting No Boards in India includes and does not contribute for national level competitive exams
the origin, tangents and normals, and is covered in higher classes.
asymptotes and rectangular hyberbola
4.
Group theory
Too abstract to be taught at higher secondary level and is included in the higher education
curriculum.
5.
Extension of mean value theorems, No Boards in India includes and does not contribute for national level competitive exams
Maclaurins series, Inequalities
and is covered in higher classes.
6.
Eulers Theorem and its applications
No Boards in India includes and does not contribute for national level competitive exams
and is covered in higher classes.
7.
Surface area and length of a curve No Boards in India includes and does not contribute for national level competitive exams
Integral calculus
and is covered in higher classes.

## MATHEMATICS DRAFT SYLLABUS ANNEXURE III

Sl.No.
Portions Included
Justification
XI Standard
1.
For facilitating the understanding of infinite series and existance of imrproper integrals
Convergence and divergence in
Algebra II
2.
Section formula in Vector Algebra I Required for J.E.E. / National level competitive examinations.
3.
For better understanding / clarity of one to one correspondence.
Geometrical interpretatons for one to
one and onto functions
in Relations and Functions
4.
Inverse trigonometrical functions
Required for J.E.E. / National level competitive examinations.
5.
For deeper understanding of limit concepts required for National level curriculum / J.E.E.
Theory of limits and squeeze play
theorems.
XII Standard
1.
Theory of Equations
For completing the conceptual understanding of polynomial equations.
2.
Other national boards include and becomes a part of J.E.E. syllabus.
Inverses of matrices by elementary
transformations
3.
Linear Programming
Other Boards and national curriculum include as a part of the syllabi.
4.
Extension of Mathematical Logic
Boards of other states and national level include in their curriculum.
5.
Partial differential equations limited To enrich the understanding of partial differentiation.
to 4 elementary problems.