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HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING

PLANT LAYOUT

A STUDY CONDUCTED AT

M/s. HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING, HONAGA, BELGAUM.

SUBMITTED TO KARNATAK UNIVERSITY, IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR


THE AWARD OF THE DEGREE

BACHELOR OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION


By

MRS MARTIN J.CARVALHO


Reg. No - 08B32217

Guided by
Shri. KIRAN NAIK MBA
Director
Bharatesh College of Business Administration,
Belgaum.

2010 - 11

BETS

P.A. Jain Bharatesh College of Business Administration


P.A JAIN Bharatesh College Business Administration

HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING


(Affiliated to Karnatak University, Dharwad.)
B.C.188, Dharwad Road, Belgaum 590016.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The successful completion of any task would be incomplete without the mention of
people who made it possible, whose constant guidance and encouragement crown all efforts with
success.
First of all I would like to thank the HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING,
Belgaum Company for giving me the approval to do this project in the organization. I grateful
thankful to Mr. Bipinchandra N Patel (Managing Director) who has given this opportunity to
study the organization in totality, which provided me with the immense managerial, and
production knowledge, which is used by their organization for the moral support, encouragement
and generous assistance.

I am thankful to Mr. Sujit Dhuma (General Production Manager) who has guided me to
take up this project and for all the hospitality that he has given me which has enabled to complete
my project on time.

I also thank the staff and workers who have co-operated with me in successfully
completing my project by providing valuable information and knowledge about the functioning
of the organization.

I am very much thankful to Mr. Kiran. Naik

Principal of Bharatesh College of

Business Administration Belgaum, for the support and encouragement to finish this report. I
thank my faculty guide Mr. Kiran. Naik for coordinating the project work and giving me the
guidance. I am thankful to many individuals in the company for the encouragement and
professional assistance.

MARTIN. C
P.A JAIN Bharatesh College Business Administration

HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING


5TH SEMISTER, BBA.

DECLARATION

I hereby declare that this project work is the result of my original work. The findings and
conclusion is based on the information collected by me during the study. I am solely responsible
for any errors in the work.

Date: 27 Jan 2011

Mrs. MARTIN J.CARVALHO

Place: Belgaum

Registration No: 08B32217

P.A JAIN Bharatesh College Business Administration

HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING

TABLE OF CONTENT

SL.NO

CONTENT

Acknowledgement

Declaration

Abstract

Company profile

Objective of the study

Statement and significance of the problem

Methodology

Sample size

Statistical tools and techniques

10

Interpretation

11

Limitation of the study

12

Findings

13

Conclusion

14

Suggestions

15

Annexures

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NO.

HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING


16

Bibliography

Abstract
This project is based on problem solving. As a part of course requirement the
students Bachelor of business administration has to take up a project for a month.
The basic purpose of the project is to enable the students to expose the working of
any organization and manager, to relate the concept learned by the students to the working of the
organization, to understand the practical aspect of working of organization.
It aimed to diagnose the cause of companys problems and to formulate programs for
improvement.
This project is on the study of Harshdruv Prro Packaging. Plot No. 59, KIADB,
Honaga, Industrial Area, Honaga, Belgaum. The project is done based on the information,
manuals etc, given by the Harshdruv Prro Packaging .
The report initiates with brief introduction of company it covers many aspects of
Harshdruv Prro Packaging like Company profiles, scope, limitations etc. Finally this project
report on Problem solving on PLANT LAYOUT of Harshdruv Prro Packaging ends
suggestions and conclusion.

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Company profile

Name of the unit


Location of the unit

:
:

M/s HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING


Plot No. 59, KIADB, Honaga
Industrial Area Honaga
Belgaum

Constitution

Regd. Partnership Firm, under the Income Tax


Act.

Name & Address of

The Partners

Mr. .Bipinchandra Patel.


Plot No 4. Opp Cariappa Colony Nanawadi Belgaum.

Mr. Jitendra Patel.


Plot No. 20 Umiya Vijay Society Satellite road, Ellis Bridge.
Ahmedabad.

Activities

Manufacturing of corrugated boxes.

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M/s HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING is a proposed SSI/Tiny unit, registered with


D.I.C Belgaum vide PRC No. 290011100544 dated 3.10.2007 and proposed to start in the month
of July 2008.
The constitution of this unit is a registered partnership firm and Shri. Bipinchandra Patel
& Shri. Jitendra Patel is the promoters of this unit.
The main object of this unit is to do manufacturing work of corrugated boxes out of craft
paper. Both the partners are well experienced and businessmen engaged in the different business
activities like running computer classes in the name of Sankalp G. zone.
As a preliminary steps, registered with DIC as a SSI unit, availed 4000Sq.Mts industrial
land vide Plot No.59 at Honaga Industrial Area, Honaga, Belgaum allotted by KIADB on lease
cum sale basis.
There is a good demand for the product which is used in packing of various finished
products like Liquor, Clothing, Yarns, Condoms, etc. And also having confirmed orders from
parties like Gokak Forbes, Campbell Knitwear, Hindustan Latex Ltd and Liquor factories at Goa
and Saree factories at Belgaum.
With considering the huge demand for corrugated boxes in different packing fields &
with considering the sufficient orders in hand and experience in the field, both the partners are
motivated for the start up of this unit under Joint Partnership Venture.

Nature of ownership
M/s. Harshdruv Prro Packaging is a partnership firm. There are 2 partners
1. Mr. Bipinchandra Patel
2. Mr. Jitendra Patel
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Present Technology Limitations

Single Facer Technology


Off line Lamination of Single Facer with the Top Liner.
Pre-printed Top Liner for Quality Graphics.
Screen Printing of Corrugated Boxes.
Flexo-printing of Corrugated Boards.
Majority boxes are RSC with stitched Joint.
Die-cut boxes done on flat bed or platen punching machines.
Single facer production - very slow.
Average production of 6000 sq.meters of corrugated board, per single facer / per shift.
Average production of 4000 to 5000 printed boards on a flexo printer /per shift.
Average production of 3000 to 4000 Die Cut boards per shift / per machine.
Average production of 800 to 1500 stitched boxes, per shift / per machine.
Very slow production on glued boxes.
Large floor area required for production.
Minimum 2 to 3 days required to dispatch dry boxes, from start of the production

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Number of employees
There are 60 employees working in the organization. It is a horizontal as well as
vertical type of organization structure which they follow. All the employees are divided in
different departments as per the requirements.
Office staff 9
Helping Laborers 30
Operators 21
The same number of employees is employed for the second shift.

Plant cost and Machine cost


Land was purchased 3 years back. The area is around 40000sq.ft Constructed area is
23,000 sq.ft this land was purchased with their own money. The plant and machinery had cost
them around 72lakhs, out of which 35lakhs was taken as term loan on plant and machinery with
security of land and 10lakhs from promoters equity.

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Harshdruv Prro Packaging Unit


Harshdruv Prro Packaging was built in 2006 in Belgaum; this factory in Belgaum was
built in 10 months. The production started with few numbers of quantities and then increased to
bulk orders. The company has 420 tones the average capacity of to produce corrugated box
manufacturing.

Organization Structure
This is the organizational structure which is followed in Harshdruv Prro Packaging. The
organizational structure which they follow is very simple. The top level management discusses
and gives order to the middle level management in the organization. The middle level
management has many departments in it they are Production Department which has 20
Operators. And this department is directly connected with the middle level management that is
the production manager. The other department is Stores Department which has 1 Stores Manager
among the 20 operators. The stores department is connected to the top level management and to
the lower level management and the Accounts department and is also connected to the top level
management. The Accounts Department has 1 account manager among the office staff itself.
And is connected to the Sales department. The last department is the Human Resource
Department which has a HR manager and it is directly in touch with the top level management.

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Organization Chart
Managing Director

General Manager

Office Manager

Factory Manager

Finance Department

Production Department

Marketing Department

H.R. Department

R & D Department
Maintenance Department

Designing Department
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DEPARTMENT AND THEIR FUNCTION


The Harshdruv Prro Packaging is a manufacturing unit of corrugated boxes and sheets. The
production department is the main department.

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1. Production (Manufacturing) Department:-

Production department
Production department deals with the manufacturing of the product that is from
raw materials to finished goods. Mr. Sujit Dhuma looks after the production department and
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under him here are 3 persons in charge of the production department. The workers are divided as
per the needs in the manufacturing process. The machinery is difficult to operate and needs a lot
of operators to operate it right from the start till the end. The manufacturing department is
directly connected with the stores department, quality control department and the purchase
department.

Production Process
1. Corrugation Machine:

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This is the first step to produce the liners. 2 rill of Kraft paper are in inserted in the
machine and then one kraft sheet is under corrugation process. After the sheet is corrugated it
sticks the other sheet which is inserted in the machine with the help of glue and heating
cylinders.
Man power required: 1 operator and 2 helpers for each machine. Number of machines - 2.

2. Cutting Machine
Here the corrugated sheets are cut according to the particular size and order. The
gears are set to cut the paper and corrugated sheet according to the length required.
Man power required: 1 operator and 1 helper for each machine. Number of machines - 2.

3. Printing Machine

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The sheets cut from the rills directly are bought for the printing process. The
printing is done through stereos which is known as single color printing or stereo printing. For
multi color printing an offset machine is used.
Man power required: 1 operator and 1 helper. Number of machines - 1.

4. Pasting Machine
The liners are pasted on each other according to the required ply by the customers.
To get 3-ply a single paper is pasted on a liner, to get 5-ply a single paper is pasted on 2 liners
and so on. Here for the pasting process white glue is used which comes in powder and is mixed
with water.
Man power required: 3 operator and 2 helpers for each machine. Number of machines - 2.

5. Scrolling Machine
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This machine cuts the waste part from the sheet i.e. the edges of the sheet and makes it
perpendicular to the other side of the sheet and creates a scroll on the box which helps to fold the
box easily.
Man power required: 1 operator and 2 helpers. Number of machines - 1.

6. Slotting Machine
This machine helps in separating the flaps (the part which is folded to cover the box) of
the box. It cuts a small line and allows the flap to fold according to the given shape/requirement.
Man power required: 1 operator and 2 helpers. Number of machines - 1.

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7. Punching Machine
This machine has a die made up of sponge, plywood and blades. The shape of the box is given
on the plywood and the blades are placed in it. This gives the box a perfect shape.
Man power required: 1 operator and 5 helpers. Number of machines - 1.

8. Stitching Machine
Stapling of the box is done through this machine. There is a roll of steel wire which
the machine cuts it self and staples the box.
Man power required: 1 operator and 1 helper for each machine. Number of machines 4.

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9. Drying
After the stitching process the boxes are kept sunlight for drying.

10. Bursting Test Machine


This machine is used to test the quality of the raw material before production and finished
goods i.e. finished box after production.
Man power required: 1 operator. Number of machines 1

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2. Marketing Department
The Company follow the direct marketing procedure the marketing department
looks after or deals with the marketing of the product to the targeted customers. Mr.Motiran
Vishwakarma looks after the marketing department which consists of 3 employees among the
operators itself along with the sales department because they both are inter connected with each
other. The following Authority and Responsibility has been designated to this department.
Marketing Strategies
Setting up a plant at Belgaum which is being centrally located between Hubli,
Dharwad, Kolhapur and Goa there lays huge market within radius of 100 to 150 kms. But the
quality and service given to the customers have also fetched them customers from Mangalore,
Bangalore, and Davangree etc. Further being on National Highway with Golden quadrilateral
passing through Belgaum, success of project is assured due to good infrastructure facilities to
support the industry. The strategic ideas of capturing Maharashtra, Karnataka and Goa. They
have selected the product range which is not possible to be manufactured by smaller units which
are plenty in the above mentioned target market segment. Looking at large production volume
their cost is lower then smaller unit located in the region and lower transportation cost make the
product economical for industrial unit.
The marketing department keeps updating the purchase department of other companies
twice in a weak to inform them of the product development, to know their priority and complains
if any and advice them of the likely supply schedules. All these strategic operators are keeping a
good flow of orders.

3. Human Resource Department


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In any organization the most important task is the recruitment, selection and the
behavior of the employee towards the organization. Mr. Himanshu Das looks after this
department and in this department they motivate all the employees in such a way that the
employees are happy to do work with him and they are also happy with the environment they are
working in. The employees are selected on the basis of their knowledge and the capacity of work
they can do.
The employees have to give a small test and an interview after that they have to give
a medical test and on the basis and performance they are selected.
The process of recruitment and selection is done in HR department. They take
initiative along with the management team in working out the number of employees in every
department. The sources of recruitment and selection process are laid down below.
Recruitment Sources: Informing to employee exchange of Belgaum
Advertisement in Local news paper & other on-line, off-line mode
Internal source

Selection Process: Qualification of the candidate,


Work experience (minimum 2 years),
Personal background,
Employment test,
Physical/Medical examination,
Wages/Salary allowances.
Training Process: The training to the worker is provided by the operator of the Company at free cost,
Provide on-the job-training whenever required.
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HR Department see the records of the train worker
Safety training is provided ,
HR Manager gives the training to their supervisor.
Monitor and evaluate training process and out come assess and to decide the next
training cycle requirements
Office Time:
The main function of the time office is to assign the workers into different shifts. There
are two shifts. The shift timings are as follows
8:00 am 4.00 pm ---- 1st shift.
4.00 pm 12.00am ---- 2nd shift.
There are totally 110 workers who are assign into their respective shifts. Each shift is of 8 hours.

HR strategies
Since the factory is located 20 kms away from the city, taking educated and hard working,
account and clerical staff was a big task and the management knowing this limitation took steps
2 months in advance by keeping in touch with placement services, local contacts and newspaper
advertisements. The large team of employees is seen working hard in all segments that is
accounts, marketing, dispatch, production supervision, machine operators and casual laborers.
When personally contacted there came to know about future plan as follows:
They also plan to have categorized work uniform for permanent skill labors and
operators, a different one for supervisors, section in-charge, production manager and
administrative accounts and other senior staff.
Performance based incentives and bonus will be provided.

Training Policy:
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The policy is to develop the knowledge, skills and behavior of the employees to
continuously improve their performance. To achieve their goals, Harshdruv Prro Packaging
Internal Training Programs: which are conducted internally in the organization itself with some
of its own trainees?
General Meetings: These meetings are conducted to know the requirements of employees. They
are conducted monthly for better performance and improvement.

4. Finance Department
The finance department consists of 1 finance/Account Manager Ms. Shilpa Sungar is
in charge of the financial department. She looks after all the transactions and the accounts. The
accounts department is connected to sales department and the dealers and the purchase
department. This department also maintains the records of salary and the wages of the
employees. Its transfers their salary to their respective accounts. It also maintains the receipts of
purchase and sales department
Responsibility
Reconciliation to the bank account,
To control & minimize the expanses of the company,
To maintain & record of all transaction involve.
To prepare the balance sheet and trading and P&L a/c every year,
Book keeping.
Preparation of invoice and vouchers.

Expense per month


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Salary

2, 70,000/-

Electricity

1, 00,000/-

Transportation

2, 00,000/-

15,000/-

(Inward & outward)


Office exp

The present rate for paper is Rs17.75/- per kg.


The finished good is sold at Rs25.00/- per kg.
Average work done in kgs is 420tons per month

5. PURCAHSE & SALES DEPARMENT


This department is headed by manager who looks after the purchase and sales for
Harshdruv Prro Packaging. The main objective of purchase department is the right materials
for the right purposes at the right time.
There are four main factors to purchase of the raw material

Quality

Pricing

Delivery

Reliability

This acts as the same to sales of the finished goods


Competitors
Harshdruv Prro Packaging is the leading corrugated manufacturing industry in Karnataka
and South Maharashtra.
Preeti papers
Ureka packers
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Kazi paper pack

6. MAINTAINENCE DEPATRMENT

This department is very important in the organization. This department has to look
after everything like machinery, furnitures, computers, electrical etc. The process of
maintenance department is as follows: 1. If the problem occurs they have to write a complaint in the register, which is provided to
them.
2. Technician will look after the problem and gives the report.
3. If part is not available then give the requisition of the same.

7. DESIGNING DEPARTMENT
Design department looks after designing of new products. The marketing team gives
them the theme. According to the theme the design team designs the boxes. There are 2 designers
in the Harshdruv Prro packaging designing department. The department head is Mr. Maruti B
Patil. He has completed his certified designing course from IMAGE IDT Limited, Mumbai.

Products manufactured by Harshdruv prro packaging


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Master Cartons

Corrugated Pallets

Mono Cartons

Die Cut Items

Partitions

Interior Packaging

Storage Bins

Ring Flaps

Customers of Harshdruv prro


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packaging
Few of our esteemed customers are listed below
1. Adani Wilmar Ltd.
2. Gujarat Ambuja Exports Ltd.
3. Ruchi Soya Agro Industries.
4. Balaji Wafers Pvt. Ltd.
5. Swiss Parental Pvt. Ltd.
6. Paras Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
7. Hof Furnitures.
8. Ingersol Rand.
9. Ideal Sheet Metal &Stamp Pvt. Ltd.
10. Moksa Fibers Ltd.
11. CMC India Ltd.
12. Alaska Tiles, Sterling Ceramics.
13. Vgar Sugar Works.
14. Reliance Engineers.
15. Netalker Engineers.
16. Shrinivas Induction Harding.
17. Mahant Rubber Industry.
18. Empree Medicams, Belgaum .
19. Rainbow Forms, Belgaum.
20. R K Agro Foods, Belgaum.
21. Sterling Tapes Belgaum.
22. Square Cut Helmets.
23. Bevarages Pvt Ltd.
24. Nectar Beveags (Pepsi) Dharward.
25. Hind Engineers Co.
26. Vega Auto Accessories.
27. Sankeshwar Mineral (VRL) (Hubli) Pvt Ltd.
28. Siddapur Distilleay Ltd. (Bagalkot)
29. Anjaneya Agrotech Pvt. Ltd. (Akshath oil).

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Objective of the study
The basic objective of this study undertaken at HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING, HONAGA,
BELGAUM. is to understand and study the working of the organization so that it will help me in
understanding theory along with practical knowledge.
Finding problem, which the organization is facing.
Nature of problem analyses.
Study on the problem.
Finding appropriate solution.
Management philosophy towards the organization.
The study is meant for the duration of one month and undertaken at HARSHDRUV PRRO
PACKAGING, HONAGA, BELGAUM.

Statement and significance of the problem


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Statement: An analysis for production process layout.


Significance of the problem:
Layout choices can help communicate an organizations product plans and competitive
priorities.
Altering a layout can affect an organization and how well it meets its competitive
priorities in the following ways:
1. Facilitating the flow of materials and information.
2. Increasing customer satisfaction and sales at a retail store.
3. Increasing the efficient utilization of labor and equipment.
4. Reducing hazards to workers.
5. Improving employee morale.
6. Improving communication.

Methodology
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The study is highly dependents upon the ratio analyses where the relationship between
various assets and liabilities are analyzed and plans and policies are executed.

The methodology adopted for this study is as follows:


Data source;

Primary data: I had visited the project workplace and studies the various aspect in
management systems by personal observation, discussion with the head of the departments and
in formal chat with employees of all the departments.

Secondary data: the relevant information for secondary data was collected from various
sources like various records maintained, through the companys different manuals and
procedures & through the survey.

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Sample size: As the company problem is based on plant layout the sample size will be 9.
Because there are only 9 machines and machine operators working on it are 9. So the sample size
will be 9.

Statistical tools and techniques:

Pie chart

Doughnut graph

Interpretation
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Table no.1: Are u satisfied with the present layout?

Values

Percentage

Satisfied

22.22

Neutral

22.22

Dissatisfied

55.56

Total

100

Graph no.1: Are u satisfied with the present layout?

22.22
22.22
55.56

Interpretation:
The above chart shows that the 55.56% of the machine operators are not satisfied with the
present layout of the company. Therefore the company needs to take the decision for new plant
layout.
Table no.2: Machines need to be serviced?
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Values

Percentage

Twice a month

22.22

6 month

33.33

1 year

44.45

Total

100

Graph no.2: Machines need to be serviced?

44.45
22.22
100

Interpretation:
The above chart tells us about the servicing of the machine that it is done twice year and 44.44
machine workers have answered this. So they need to look after this and take important decision.

Table no.3: Do you accept the new layout?


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Values

Percentage

Yes

77.78

No

22.22

Total

100

Graph no.3: Do you accept the new layout?

44.45
22.22

Interpretation:
The above chart defines about the new layout of the company that is which is in U shape and
77.78% workers have agreed to the new layout. So there should be change in plant layout of the
company

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Table no.4: Quality of work machine does?
Values

Percentage

Excellent

33.33

Good

44.45

Fair

22.22

Total

100

Graph no.4: Quality of work machine does?

33.33
44.45
22.22

Interpretation:
The above diagram tells about the work of the machine that is quality of the product it produces
according to survey the machine need not to be changed as the percentage itself tells us that its
quality is best .

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Table no.6: Time consuming?

Values

Percentage

Yes

66.67

No

33.33

Total

100

Graph no.6: Time consuming?

66.67
33.33

Interpretation:
The above chart tells about the time consumed by the each machine and there after taking
the product for drying where in lots of time is wasted .And the company wont be able to
make the high production.

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Table no.7: Huge investment in money, space, labours?

Values

Percentage

Yes

44.44

No

55.56

Total

100

Graph no.7: Huge investment in money, space, labours?

66.67
33.33

Interpretation:
The above graph explains about the investment in money, space, and labour. according to survey
the investment in money ,space and labour is not the problem.

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Table no.8: Do you think the present layout creates more damages to product while
carrying for drying?
Values

Percentage

Yes

66.67

No

33.33

Total

100

Graph no.8: Do you think the present layout creates more damages to product while
carrying for drying?

66.67
33.33

Interpretation:
The above picture tells about the damages occurred by the present layout of the company and
according to survey 66.67% of workers have said yes to it. So there should be change in the plant
layout at it will help the company to increases its sales, production, and there will be no damages
to the product and there is no need of labours also.

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EXISTING PRODUCTION PROCESS LAYOUT
Raw materials
Corrugation
Machine

Entrance and exit

Cutting Machine

Drying

Transport

Printing Machine

Problems faced

Pasting Machine

Scrolling Machine

Slotting Machine

1. Damages.
2. Time consuming.
3. Huge investment required for
labour (more labour).
4. Wastage of floor area.
5. Low productivity.
6. Lower efficiency.
7. Higher cost of production.
8. More expenses on labour
(wages).

Punching Machine

Stitching Machine

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Problems faced
1. Damages
2. Time consuming
3. Huge investment required in labour(more labour)
4. Wastage of floor area
5. Low productivity
6. Low efficiency
7. Higher cost of production
8. More expenses on labour(wages)

1. Damages:
As the plant layout is in a straight i.e the process starts from one point
and ends at another point in this process the problem faced by the product which is
not finished product as it needs to be dry after the last stage of production and as the
exit point is where it started so to carry the product from the last machine to exist or
to carry them for drying purpose it gets damage.
2. Time consuming:
The process is straight line so to carry out the whole process and to
carry the products from one end to another end it consumed time which inturn is
waste of time which could be used for productive use.

3. High investment in labour :


To carry out the process through 8th stage & then again to carry the
same goods or product from one point to another is expensive & also it involved
more labour cost & more labour is required to carrying the same.

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HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING


4. Wastage of floor area :
As the plant layout is done is such a way where in the floor area
is occupied only on one side of the floor where in the other part is unused or dead
invested as it is not usuable.

5. Low productivity:
Any process where time consumption is more or is wasted or it is low
productive unit as it cannot produce more because it would invoved high
investment.

6. Low efficiency:
The efficiency turns out to be low as it cannot make bes use of raw
material available and the highly invested labours as the time consumption and
damages involved is high.

7. Higher cost of production :


The production unit involved high investment as it takes huge labour
and carrying cost and storage cost so the cost per units more compared to other
competitors.

8. More wages:
Where the unit invests more labour its wages are high which addes to the
expenses which effects on cost of production.

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HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING


SUGGESTED PRODUCTION PROCESS LAYOUT

Raw materials

Entrance and exit


Drying

Corrugation
Machine

Transport

Cutting Machine
Stitching Machine

Printing Machine

Punching Machine

Pasting Machine

Slotting Machine

Scrolling Machine

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HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING


SOLUTION
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Less damages.
Reduces production time.
Less labour required.
Optimums utilization of floor.
Lower cost of production.
Less expenses of labour.

Note: - No capital (money) is required to change into this process because machines are
moveable.

1) Less damages:
As we suggest the plant layout in U shape i.e the process starts from one
point & end at same point due to this it consumes time & finished product does not
damage while taking to the drying .

2) Reduce time :
After the implementation of new plant layout the time taken is less as the
layout is in U shape it ends where it starts as entrance & exit are same & after last stage
it needs to be dried so it reduce carrying time.

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HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING

3) Less labour requirement :


After the implementation of new plant layout which is in U shape
process where exit & entrance are in same point so the cost of requirement is less &
labour requirement is also less.

4) Optimums utilization of floor:


After the implementation of new plant layout which is in U shape in such
a way where the floor area occupied on both the sides & the remaining part of the floor
used for storage or other purpose .

5) Lower cost of production.


After the implementation of new plant layout which is in U shape. Due to
this the cost of production is less and also it increased the productivity unit with less
labour.

6) Less expenses of labour.


After the implementation of new plant layout which is in U shape where
the exit and entrance are in same point as it is nearby the exist point only so it required
less labour due to this expenses of labour become less and production also increases with
less amt of investment.

Note: - No capital (money) is required to change into this process because machines are
moveable.

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HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING

Limitations of study

As the project work has been confined to 1 month, the project work could not be taken up in
detail. However the necessary data required for the project has been collected to have
understanding of the problem.

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HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING

FINDINGS
There is discipline followed in HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING

by all

employees in obeying rules & regulations set up by the organization


Ambience & cleanliness is well maintained
HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING invests lot of money in Raw material.
There are Games in the staff room for employees to play in their leisure time.
Clean & tidy environment within the organization.
Every month there is the doctors visit in the organization. The employees who is
facing any health problem can consult doctor at the specified time at free of cost.
Locker facilities are provided to the employees.
Tea and Lunch facilities are provided to the employees.
Workers are not aware of the Provident benefits.
Most of the workers feel that training is not important to them.
The workers are not happy with the leave benefits.
Most of the employees (Operator, staff, and workers) agree that the performance
appraisal system measure their performance.

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HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING

Conclusion

The project work has given me ample of scope in studying the practical aspects of business. I
thank everybody for helping me in conducting project on problem solving. Any size of the
organization can succeed in its business venture provided the organization works on the principle
of the business management.
Benefits of changing the process layout.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Less damages.
Reduces production time.
Less labour required.
Optimums utilization of floor.
Lower cost of production.
Less expenses of labour.

Mr. Bipinchandra Patel who has been a key factor in the success of Harshdruv Prro Packaging
has led Harshdruv Packaging.

P.A JAIN Bharatesh College Business Administration

HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING

Suggestions

The company can increase its labour strength to carry out the product for drying.

The company can form the machines in U shape as the machines are movable and form a
layout.

The company can increases their machines and form a new plant layout in empty space
left.

The company should get new 4 wheel cart to carry the product for drying and to place the
ready products in godown.

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HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING

Annexures

Questionnaire

NAME: ____________________________________ AGE :______( years)

DATE: ____/____/_____

DESIGNATION:

DEPARTMENT:

1. Are you satisfied with present plant layout?


( ) satisfied

( ) neutral

( ) Dissatisfied

2. Machines need to be serviced?


( ) twice a month

( ) 6 months

( ) 1 year

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HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING


3. Do you accept the new layout?
( ) satisfied

( ) neutral

( ) Dissatisfied

4. Quality of work machine does?


( ) excellent

( ) good

( ) fair

5. Are you satisfied with the working of the machine ?


( ) satisfied

( ) neutral

( ) Dissatisfied

6. Time consuming?

( ) Yes

( ) No

7. Huge investment in money, space, labours?

( ) Yes

( ) No

8. Do you think the present layout creates more damages to product while carrying for
drying?

( ) Yes

( ) No

9. Suggest in any changes necessary?

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HARSHDRUV PRRO PACKAGING


10. What are the problems faced while operating machines?

BIBLIOGRAPHY

www.google.co.in
www.harshdruv.com

P.A JAIN Bharatesh College Business Administration