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1.

2.
3.
4.
5.

a. illiterate
a. combat
a. volunteer
a. education
a. considerable

b. eradicate c. voluntary d. minority


b. ethnic
c. province d. campaign
b. struggle c. promise d. concentrate
b. universal c. eradication
d. population
b. effective c. relevant d. maturity

A literate population is a necessity for any nation wishing to take advantage of


modern technological growth. For .instance, research has shown a direct relationship
between literacy among women and improved health' and child care in the family. The
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has long
supported the concept that education must be considered an ongoing process.
Adult education has long been important in Europe, where formal programs began in
the 18th century. In Britain, concern for the education of poor and working-class people
resulted in the growth of adult education programs, such as the evening school and the,
Mechanic's Institute, to expand education opportunities for all people: ,After the Russian
Revolution, the Russian government virtually eliminated illiteracy through the
establishment of various institutions and extension classes for adults.
In other areas of the world, adult education movements are of a more recent origin. In
1960, Egypt established a 'schools for the people' system designed to educate the adult
population. In the 1970s, countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America began to increase
opportunities for adult education. Innovative programs involving the mass media are
being used in many countries. Tanzania, for example, has used mass education
techniques and the radio to organize national education programs in health, nutrition, and
citizenship. In the 1980s, international educational exchange programs grew in popularity
in the United States and many other countries.
6. What does this passage mainly discuss?
a. National education
b. Illiteracy eradication
c. Adult education
d. Primary education
7. It can be inferred from this passage that education ________.
a. help people to read and write
b. is an important factor in the country's development
c. is a constant process
d. must only be given to adults
8. Which of the followings is not' true?
a. Adult education has boomed in Europe in recent years.
b. Educated women know how to take care of their children properly.
c. Illiteracy is almost erased in Russia.
d. In many countries, mass education is carried out through television.
9. Which of the followings is not mentioned as means used for mass education?
a. radio
b. newspapers
c. internet d. textbooks
10. According to the passage, adult education ________.
a. offers opportunities for promotion
b. is to educate people to improve their health

c. is popular all over the world nowadays


d. has been developed thanks to the mass media
Choose the word that has main stress placed differently from the others.
11. a. illiterate
b. eradicate c. voluntary d. minority
12. a. combat
b. ethnic
c. province d. campaign
13. a. volunteer
b. struggle c. promise d. concentrate
14. a. education
b. universal c. eradication
d. population
15. a. considerable b. effective c. relevant d. maturity
A literate population is a necessity for any nation wishing to take advantage of
modern technological growth. For instance, research has shown a direct relationship
between literacy among women and improved health' and child care in the family. The
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has long
supported the concept that education must be considered an ongoing process.
Adult education has long been important in Europe, where formal programs began in
the 18th century. In Britain, concern for the education of poor and working-class people
resulted in the growth of adult education programs, such as the evening school and the,
Mechanic's Institute, to expand education opportunities for all people: ,After the Russian
Revolution, the Russian government virtually eliminated illiteracy through the
establishment of various institutions and extension classes for adults.
In other areas of the world, adult education movements are of a more recent origin. In
1960, Egypt established a 'schools for the people' system designed to educate the adult
population. In the 1970s, countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America began to increase
opportunities for adult education. Innovative programs involving the mass media are
being used in many countries. Tanzania, for example, has used mass education
techniques and the radio to organize national education programs in health, nutrition, and
citizenship. In the 1980s, international educational exchange programs grew in popularity
in the United States and many other countries.
16. What does this passage mainly discuss?
a. National education
b. Illiteracy eradication
c. Adult education
d. Primary education
17. It can be inferred from this passage that education ________.
a. help people to read and write
b. is an important factor in the country's development
c. is a constant process
d. must only be given to adults
18. Which of the followings is not' true?
a. Adult education has boomed in Europe in recent years.
b. Educated women know how to take care of their children properly.
c. Illiteracy is almost erased in Russia.
d. In many countries, mass education is carried out through television.
19. Which of the followings is not mentioned as means used for mass education?
a. radio
b. newspapers
c. internet d. textbooks
20. According to the passage, adult education ________.

a. offers opportunities for promotion


b. is to educate people to improve their health
c. is popular all over the world nowadays
d. has been developed thanks to the mass media