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Deutschmann,  D.,  Parfant,  M.,  Holzer,  H.-­‐P.,  Svehlik,  M.,  Ivanic,  G.,  Ebner,  M.,  Weiglein,  A.

 (2014)  Child-­‐oriented  Pilates  as  
intervention  to  stabilize  posture  and  to  correct  postural  defects  on  pupils  at  the  age  of  10  to  12  years.  In:  Doctoral  Day  2014  
-­‐  Abstract  Book.  2014.  p.  51  
 
 

Child-­‐oriented  Pilates  as  intervention  to  stabilize  posture  and  to  correct  postural  defects  on  pupils  
at  the  age  of  10  to  12  years  
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Dietlind,  Deutschmann ,  Manuel,  Parfant ,  Hans-­‐Peter,  Holzer ,  Gerd,  Ivanic ,  Martin,  Svehlik ,  Martin,  Ebner ,  
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Andreas,  Weiglein  

 

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Department  of  Anatomy,  Medical  University  Graz,  Austria;   Institute  for  Information  Systems  and  
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Computer  Media,  Graz  University  of  Technology,  Austria;   Institute  of  Sports  Science,  KF  University  Graz,  
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Austria; Department  of  Orthopedics,  Privatklinik  Graz  Ragnitz,  Austria;   Department  of  Pediatric  Surgery,  
Medical  University  Graz,  Austria  
 
Doktoratsstudium  der  Medizinischen  Wissenschaft  (Dr.  Scient.  Med.),  Doctoral  School:  Sustainable  Health  
Research,  6th  semester:  
Number  of  words:  250  (Background/Aims:  40;  Methods:  73;  Results:  80,  Conclusion:  57)  
 
 
Background/Aims:  
Back  pain  due  to  postural  defects  is  one  of  the  most  frequent  chronic  symptoms  in  our  population.  The  number  
of   schoolchildren   with   postural   defects   is   increasing.   The   aim   is   to   show   effects   of   a   regular   short   Pilates-­‐
program  to  stabilize  posture.  
 
Methods:  
For   this   study   128pupils   (46males,82females)   aged   10,77±0,30   were   recruited.   Beside   a   questionnaire   on  
physical  activity  (based   on   MoMo),  posture(spine-­‐analysis-­‐program,“Zebris-­‐CMS-­‐System”)   and   muscle   function  
(Janda)   were   measured.   Subjects   were   divided   into   intervention-­‐(IG)(n=77)   and   control-­‐groups   (CG)(n=51).   The  
intervention   took   place   in   school   sports   lessons   and   at   home   during   fourteen   months(at   least   three   times   a  
week).   With   an   iPhone-­‐application(“MotionTracker”),   it   was   possible   to   record   the   workouts   duration,  
repetition  and  precision.  In  the  end  all  tests  were  repeated.  
 
Results:  
Subjects   who   fulfill   recommendations(IG3)(26,8%)   did   not   change   in   muscle-­‐stretching   but   increased   their  
muscle-­‐strength(p=0,014).   Subjects   who   practiced   less   than   three   times   a   week   had   a   decreasing   in   muscle-­‐
stretching(p=0,042)   and   no   change   in   muscle-­‐strength.   In   CG   muscle-­‐stretching   decreased(p=0,001)   and  
muscle-­‐strength  increased(p=0,021).  There  was  no  difference  in  IG3  and  CG  in  mean.  The  single  tests  showed  
some  significant  results–e.g.  subjects  in  IG3  became  firmer  in  back  muscles  than  kids  in  CG(p=0,017).  Posture  of  
IG3  was  better  at  the  end  of  the  study.    
 
Conclusion:  
Concerning   the   participation   in   the   Pilates-­‐program,   the   children‘s   motivation   was   simply   insufficient.   The  
iPhone-­‐app  was  implemented  to  motivate  but  there  were  only  seventeen  advices  available(22,1%).  It  would  be  
useful  to  adapt  the  app  to  android-­‐systems  as  a  larger  number  of  subjects  could  be  reached.  The  next  essential  
step  is  to  improve  the  rate  of  participation  through  gamification.