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QS World University Rankings

Trusted by students since 2004

2012 Report

Welcome
to the 2012/13 QS World University Rankings Report

he ninth annual QS World University


Rankings arrive at a time of seismic
change in global higher education.
The boom in international study continues
to reconfigure the landscape, with well over
3.5 million students currently taking degrees
abroad. The central importance of human
capital to 21st century economies is underlined
by a global drive to expand the proportion of
university graduates, while the competition
to innovate through R&D intensifies every
year. And as government budgets are squeezed
in the aftermath of the recession, in many
countries students and parents are being made
to contribute ever more to the cost of funding
this expansion.
All of these changes and many more besides
mean that a reliable, trusted and rigorous
way of comparing universities worldwide has
become indispensible. This years QS World
University Rankings draw on record survey
responses from over 46,000 academics and
25,000 graduate employers, the largest ever
snapshot of expert global opinion on comparative university performance.

Danny Byrne
Danny Byrne is the editor of
TopUniversities.com

As in previous years this information is


counterbalanced by citations data sourced
from Scopus, the worlds most comprehensive
database of research citations. The rankings also
incorporate figures on student/faculty ratios
and international students and faculty, collected
and verified by a multilingual team of analysts
working within QS Intelligence Unit.
As the need for greater and more nuanced
information increases, QS has continued to
adapt. Rather than cramming a greater number of indicators into a single ranking table
which in our view simply creates a mess
since 2009 QS has introduced a series of more
targeted exercises: QS University Rankings:
Asia; QS University Rankings: Latin America;
QS World University Rankings by Subject; QS
Best Student Cities; QS 50 Under 50; and QS
Stars, a new, comprehensive university rating
system.
Yet despite this innovation, the QS World
University Rankings remain the centerpiece of
our research output. Though no ranking provides a magic answer for everyone, QS World
University Rankings are a valuable reference
tool for millions of students worldwide, and
bring vital comparative information into the
public domain. We are confident that this years
rankings provide the most detailed yet source
of information in areas of central importance
to students and parents: research, employability,
teaching and internationalization.
Danny Byrne, editor of TopUniversities.com

John OLeary
John OLeary is the editor of the
Times Good University Guide
and a member of the QS Global Academic Advisory Board

www.qs.com

QS World University Rankings 2012/13

New-look rankings show


the unstoppable rise of
student mobility
MIT overtakes Cambridge and Harvard, as leading universities report a
remarkable surge in international student numbers. ByJohn OLeary

his years QS World University Rankings


are notable not only for the changes in
standing of individual institutions, but for what
they say about the increasingly international
nature of higher education at the top level.
Global student mobility is on a seemingly
unstoppable rise, with those seeking an overseas
education targeting the leading universities.
Even after considerable growth in recent years,
the latest rankings show an extraordinary rise
of almost 10% in international student numbers
at the top 100 universities.
As a result, even those universities recording
a modest increase, or simply maintaining their
previous recruitment, are being overtaken on
this measure. Cambridge, for example, has seen
a significant increase in international students,
but has dropped five places in this measure,
contributing to its fall from first to second
place in the overall ranking.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology
(MIT) is the new leader, overtaking both Cambridge and Harvard to top the institutional table
for the first time. The signs of MITs rise were
visible in the subject rankings published by QS
in June, when it topped 11 of the 28 tables.
MIT has attracted attention over the past
year mainly for its development
of massively open online
courses (MOOCs), which
it pioneered. The MITx
project has been launched
to make more courses available
globally and the university is one
of the lead players in a collaboration
with other US and overseas institutions. Recent months have also seen the
announcement that Susan Hockfield, the
President, would be stepping down and the
remarkably speedy appointment of Rafael
Reif, the Provost, to succeed her.

QS World University Rankings 2012/13

The latest
rankings show
an extraordinary
rise of almost
10 per cent in
international
student numbers
at the top 100
universities.
MIT would have been higher in previous
years were it not for a relatively low proportion of international faculty. A sharp rise in
this measure is the biggest factor behind its
rise to overtake both Harvard and Cambridge
and take top place. Although it is still not in
the top 100 for the proportion of foreign
academics, the
increase was
enough for
its consistently strong
showing in other
measures to capture
first place.
Harvard, in third place,
remains the favourite of
both academics and employers, who responded in record
numbers to QS polling this year.
It also tops four of the five broad
faculty rankings published today.

Overall, the institutional ranking is more


stable than it has ever been. There is only one
new entrant to the top 20 the University of
Toronto. The average movement in the top 100
is 4.6 places, while in the top 200 the average
is 9.1.
Universities from the United States continue
to dominate, although four of the top six are
from the UK this year. US institutions occupy
the remaining six places in the top ten, plus 13
of the top 20 and 31 of the top 100 the same
numbers as last year.
The UK is again the next most successful
country, although it has lost one university
from the top 20, one from the top 100 and one
from the top 200. Its four universities in the
top ten and 18 in the top 100 show a system
continuing to punch well above its weight.
Leading universities in other countries experience mixed fortunes. Canada, for example,
has two universities in the top 20 for the first
time since the QS World University Rankings
were launched in 2004, with both Toronto and
McGill among that elite group. The University
of British Columbia has also joined the top 50,
but several other universities have slipped down
the ranking.
Switzerland is another country with reason
to celebrate, as two of its small cadre of universities feature in the top 30. ETH Zurich,
at 13th, is easily the highest-placed university
in continental Europe, while EPFL Lausanne
is the only other continental institution in the
top 30.
There is little good news for the rest of
Europe, although France has two institutions
ENS Paris and the cole Polytechnique, also
in Paris - in the top 50. The mergers of several
institutions in and around Paris may improve
matters in future years.

www.qs.com

Some countries that have invested in the


promotion of world-class universities are yet
to see an impact on their results in the QS
rankings, however. Germany, which recently
announced a second round of its Excellence
Initiative, has no universities in the top 50,
while the top six universities in Japan have all
dropped marginally.
In China, however, seven of the top ten
universities have gone up, and both Peking and
Tsinghua universities remain in the top 50.
Hong Kong also has three universities in the
top 40, including Hong Kong University
of Science and Technology, the
youngest institution in the
top 150.

www.qs.com

South Korea is another Asian country to see


its universities flourish, with three in the top
100. Seoul National University has moved into
the top 40, while the Korea Advanced Institute
of Science and Technology has registered the
biggest rise in the top 100.
Australia again has more universities in the
top 100 than any country outside the US and
UK, although the total is down from eight to
seven. Japan has six universities in
the top 100 and the Netherlands four.
The new rankings also see the
emergence of Latin American universities, albeit not yet in the higher
positions. Sao Paulo University is up
30 places and into the top 150, where
it is joined by UNAM, of Mexico City.
A dozen feature in the top 400 much
the highest total since the QS rankings
began.

Some Middle Eastern universities are also


making their mark, particularly those in Saudi
Arabia, where King Saud University is in the
top 200 and King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals is only eight places outside
it. Eleven Middle Eastern countries are represented at some level in the ranking.
African universities remain largely absent,
however. The University of Cape Town is by
far the highest-placed, just outside the top 150.
When the individual placings have been
digested, experts are likely to see the new edition of the rankings as confirming the growing
mobility of both academics and (especially)
students. Inevitably, the demand for places is
strongest at the leading universities, while the
financial constraints on higher education institutions around the world mean that there is also
intense competition for the best candidates.

QS World University Rankings 2012/13

QS World University Rankings 2012/13

www.qs.com

www.qs.com

US
GB
US
GB
GB
GB
US
US
US
US
US
US
CH
US
US
US
US
CA
CA
US
GB
US
HK
AU
SG
GB
US
GB
CH
JP
US
GB
HK
FR
JP
AU
KR
US
AU
HK
FR
US
US
CN
CA
AU
SG
CN
US
JP
DK
AU
DE
GB
DE
US
US
GB
US
DE

Overall

International
Students

International
Faculty

Citations per
Faculty

Faculty Student

Employer
Reputation

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)


University of Cambridge
Harvard University
UCL (University College London)
University of Oxford
Imperial College London
Yale University
University of Chicago
Princeton University
California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
Columbia University
University of Pennsylvania
ETH Zurich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology)
Cornell University
Stanford University
Johns Hopkins University
University of Michigan
McGill University
University of Toronto
Duke University
University of Edinburgh
University of California, Berkeley (UCB)
University of Hong Kong (HKU)
Australian National University (ANU)
National University of Singapore (NUS)
King's College London (KCL)
Northwestern University
University of Bristol
Ecole Polytechnique Fdrale de Lausanne (EPFL)
The University of Tokyo
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
The University of Manchester
The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
Ecole Normale Suprieure, Paris (ENS Paris)
Kyoto University
The University of Melbourne
Seoul National University (SNU)
University of Wisconsin-Madison
The University of Sydney
The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK)
Ecole Polytechnique ParisTech
Brown University
New York University (NYU)
Peking University
University of British Columbia
The University of Queensland (UQ)
Nanyang Technological University (NTU)
Tsinghua University
Carnegie Mellon University
Osaka University
University of Copenhagen
The University of New South Wales (UNSW)
Technische Universitt Mnchen
University of Glasgow
Ruprecht-Karls-Universitt Heidelberg
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
The University of Warwick
University of Washington
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitt Mnchen

Academic
Reputation

Institution

3
1
2
7
5
6
4
8
13
12
10
9
18
15
11
16
14
17
23
19
20
21
22
26
28
27
24
30
35
25
34
29
40
33
32
31
42
41
38
37
36
39
44
46
51
48
58
47
43
45
52
49
54
59
53
61
55
50
56
62

Classification

2011 rank

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60

Country/Territory

2012 rank

QS World University Rankings 2012/13: Top 500

SIZE

FOCUS

RES.

AGE

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

M
L
L
L
L
L
M
L
M
S
L
L
L
L
L
L
XL
L
XL
L
L
XL
L
L
XL
L
L
L
M
L
XL
XL
M
S
L
XL
L
XL
XL
L
S
M
XL
L
XL
XL
L
XL
M
L
L
XL
L
L
L
XL
L
L
XL
XL

CO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
CO
FC
FC
FO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FO
FC
FC
FC
CO
SP
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC

VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
5
2
5
5
5
4
5
5
3
5
5
5
5
5
5
2
5
5
4
5
4
5
5
5
5
5
3
5
5

100.0
100.0
100.0
99.6
100.0
99.8
100.0
99.9
100.0
99.0
99.9
98.5
99.3
99.7
100.0
94.6
99.8
98.5
99.9
95.1
99.1
100.0
99.3
99.7
100.0
92.6
90.7
91.0
79.1
100.0
100.0
98.5
92.5
90.8
99.8
99.8
98.8
97.1
99.3
93.5
73.3
81.5
97.7
99.7
99.1
95.3
90.4
98.8
86.0
91.4
83.5
95.0
86.4
82.4
93.3
97.7
80.9
89.4
93.6
97.0

6
2
1
22
4
15
10
13
11
28
12
32
25
20
5
45
17
33
14
43
27
3
24
21
9
51
58
56
86
7
8
31
52
57
18
16
29
39
23
48
113
76
35
19
26
42
59
30
67
54
73
44
66
75
49
34
81
62
47
40

100.0
100.0
100.0
95.6
100.0
100.0
100.0
96.0
88.5
51.3
100.0
96.2
94.0
96.4
100.0
60.2
96.1
95.1
94.3
81.9
96.8
100.0
83.8
82.5
99.4
83.8
88.6
96.0
75.8
97.6
96.0
100.0
79.7
66.9
81.1
100.0
83.4
68.6
93.5
72.4
95.9
68.8
85.3
96.6
77.8
83.3
84.5
97.6
81.0
69.6
71.5
95.1
91.0
70.7
42.8
66.7
63.2
100.0
47.4
71.9

5
3
1
32
2
7
11
28
42
191
12
26
36
24
6
164
27
33
35
61
19
8
49
56
14
48
39
30
82
18
29
10
67
127
63
9
50
120
37
95
31
118
45
21
72
51
47
17
65
111
100
34
38
105
244
130
153
13
214
97

99.9
98.3
98.6
98.4
100.0
99.8
100.0
95.6
90.7
100.0
97.2
99.6
67.0
73.9
72.4
100.0
92.0
89.6
73.8
99.7
72.1
47.0
94.2
79.6
81.4
89.1
82.3
74.8
95.1
89.3
62.3
63.2
83.9
92.4
92.6
46.8
90.7
85.2
50.4
79.8
100.0
76.7
92.7
82.6
25.9
45.3
85.3
86.0
55.4
91.7
99.8
39.8
97.9
60.3
86.5
23.5
75.8
52.3
46.9
33.6

19
37
31
36
17
21
6
52
68
14
45
26
154
123
134
10
63
71
124
23
136
279
54
109
102
78
100
122
53
74
173
170
93
61
60
282
67
89
248
108
13
117
57
97
301+
296
88
86
212
64
20
301+
40
182
84
301+
119
234
281
301+

99.3
97.0
100.0
94.0
89.4
87.3
93.3
96.4
99.8
100.0
96.3
92.4
97.2
98.8
100.0
99.1
87.3
69.1
80.2
96.9
77.1
97.9
50.5
64.3
51.1
68.9
97.9
77.3
79.9
73.1
99.5
62.2
54.7
81.6
70.0
74.9
49.6
68.0
58.9
48.7
57.9
97.8
40.2
36.8
92.1
63.1
26.7
32.0
86.5
62.1
48.6
52.8
34.3
78.3
49.7
90.0
90.7
37.5
99.5
75.6

15
29
5
37
50
55
39
33
9
2
34
41
28
19
3
17
54
114
70
30
79
22
215
134
212
116
21
78
71
99
11
142
192
63
110
92
222
120
162
225
170
23
280
301+
42
138
301+
301+
56
143
226
204
301+
75
221
47
45
297
12
89

86.4
98.2
90.0
96.3
98.0
99.8
92.7
68.9
85.5
96.0
16.2
55.7
100.0
74.3
41.9
56.8
50.6
86.0
96.1
16.4
89.6
86.1
100.0
100.0
100.0
93.8
11.9
85.8
100.0
11.1
1.6
85.2
100.0
26.2
15.5
68.9
47.8
52.4
99.7
95.7
72.4
32.0
23.2
55.7
61.4
95.5
100.0
50.6
17.7
15.4
71.8
98.8
48.1
78.5
52.6
56.2
30.1
90.3
8.8
35.7

108
41
90
50
43
28
72
175
115
53
301+
213
4
154
264
203
234
112
51
301+
94
109
16
18
11
66
301+
114
3
301+
301+
117
10
301+
301+
176
245
227
29
54
161
301+
301+
214
187
55
5
235
301+
301+
163
35
244
141
226
209
301+
89
301+
289

96.5
96.0
78.4
99.9
95.8
99.6
63.9
77.8
63.5
91.1
84.9
66.8
98.7
67.4
83.5
74.7
46.5
91.3
74.8
44.5
93.8
78.8
99.1
96.3
98.2
90.6
55.9
75.6
100.0
25.8
34.4
91.4
98.9
66.2
21.9
92.3
61.0
32.9
91.3
83.1
92.6
54.7
55.7
35.0
73.2
90.5
97.9
26.3
97.1
20.3
41.3
97.6
63.0
76.7
65.2
68.8
22.2
98.0
21.0
50.0

38
43
112
11
45
19
178
117
180
62
86
165
24
163
91
129
259
61
128
270
51
109
22
40
25
66
203
123
4
301+
301+
59
23
167
301+
57
188
301+
60
93
54
208
205
301+
136
68
30
301+
37
301+
282
31
183
120
171
154
301+
29
301+
236

100.0
99.8
99.2
98.7
98.6
98.3
97.5
96.3
95.4
95.1
94.7
94.5
92.8
92.1
91.7
91.2
91.2
90.4
89.6
89.5
89.2
88.1
87.9
87.6
87.2
87.1
85.4
85.4
85.1
85.0
84.6
84.2
83.5
83.3
83.3
83.2
82.2
81.4
81.3
80.1
79.6
79.5
78.9
78.8
78.6
78.2
77.7
77.5
77.4
76.8
76.7
76.6
76.4
76.3
75.5
75.5
75.4
73.9
73.7
72.9

VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH

QS World University Rankings 2012/13

Monash University
University of Amsterdam
KAIST
Boston University
Tokyo Institute of Technology
The University of Sheffield
Trinity College Dublin (TCD)
University of Texas at Austin
London School of Economics and Political Science
University of California, San Diego (UCSD)
Lund University
The University of Nottingham
University of Southampton
University of Geneva
Leiden University
Tohoku University
University of Birmingham
University of Helsinki
The University of Western Australia (UWA)
National Taiwan University (NTU)
Uppsala University
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
The University of Auckland
Washington University in St. Louis
Utrecht University
Nagoya University
Freie Universitt Berlin
Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech)
Aarhus University
Fudan University
University of Zurich
Durham University
University of St Andrews
University of Leeds
City University of Hong Kong
Purdue University
Pohang University of Science and Technology
University of Pittsburgh
Erasmus University Rotterdam
University of California, Davis (UCD)
Pennsylvania State University
The University of Adelaide
Delft University of Technology
University of Minnesota
Ohio State University
Universitt Freiburg
Maastricht University
University of Alberta
University of Groningen
University of York
University of Oslo
Yonsei University
Dartmouth College
Universit de Montral
University of Lausanne
Lomonosov Moscow State University
University of Maryland, College Park
University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB)
Georg-August-Universitt Gttingen
Rice University

QS World University Rankings 2012/13

AU
NL
KR
US
JP
GB
IE
US
GB
US
SE
GB
GB
CH
NL
JP
GB
FI
AU
TW
SE
BE
NZ
US
NL
JP
DE
US
DK
CN
CH
GB
GB
GB
HK
US
KR
US
NL
US
US
AU
NL
US
US
DE
NL
CA
NL
GB
NO
KR
US
CA
CH
RU
US
US
DE
US

SIZE

FOCUS

RES.

AGE

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

XL
XL
M
L
M
L
L
XL
M
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
XL
L
XL
L
L
XL
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
M
L
M
XL
S
L
L
XL
XL
L
L
XL
XL
L
L
XL
L
L
L
L
M
XL
M
XL
XL
L
L
M

FC
FC
CO
FC
CO
FC
FC
FC
SP
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
FC
FO
FC
FO
FC
FC
FC
FO
FC
FC
FC
CO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
FC
FC
CO
FC
FC

VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
HI
VH

4
5
3
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
5
4
5
5
5
5
5
3
5
3
5
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
3
5
5
3
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

95.4
89.8
85.1
72.5
76.1
77.7
79.6
97.4
88.0
97.5
84.7
76.6
73.3
65.7
83.8
76.4
77.3
80.9
77.8
97.3
84.3
88.5
92.8
60.4
81.4
69.5
91.0
70.7
70.5
92.5
76.6
71.1
64.7
81.2
73.2
75.8
57.5
53.4
50.5
74.6
77.3
73.8
74.8
82.9
73.7
72.3
39.1
71.6
62.4
69.2
69.9
80.0
41.3
69.3
48.0
77.1
66.4
76.6
70.6
46.5

41
60
68
116
102
91
85
37
64
36
69
96
114
138
71
100
94
80
90
38
70
63
50
153
77
128
55
122
124
53
98
120
143
79
115
103
166
188
206
107
93
110
106
74
111
117
293
118
146
130
127
83
271
129
222
95
136
97
123
234

96.5
74.6
51.7
77.0
74.5
75.3
75.0
81.0
100.0
35.7
82.2
96.2
69.8
23.7
47.2
66.0
80.5
43.2
70.9
70.3
51.5
70.1
78.2
22.0
48.4
64.2
44.6
76.9
48.6
84.8
47.7
96.8
69.2
78.9
42.8
83.2
37.4
26.3
82.2
38.0
83.3
69.5
72.3
41.8
66.9
21.6
69.5
46.6
43.2
69.5
38.1
65.3
67.3
37.9
26.8
71.6
39.5
27.2
27.3
26.3

22
89
188
76
90
83
85
64
4
301+
58
25
109
301+
216
136
66
239
103
107
190
108
71
301+
206
148
228
77
205
46
211
20
117
69
243
53
289
301+
59
284
52
113
96
250
128
301+
114
217
240
112
283
140
124
285
301+
99
268
301+
301+
301+

33.6
43.4
90.0
73.2
79.8
58.8
54.1
21.1
58.6
31.7
41.9
55.2
60.0
58.9
33.3
96.8
50.1
86.2
39.9
38.0
42.7
22.7
27.0
99.7
45.8
88.0
29.4
19.3
69.9
42.4
53.8
45.0
60.9
46.9
72.6
34.6
99.2
93.3
58.9
35.4
33.8
41.0
39.6
29.9
35.1
72.4
78.5
58.1
72.4
48.7
73.6
83.7
85.6
38.5
64.3
100.0
60.9
14.5
77.9
71.5

301+
301+
69
128
107
194
221
301+
197
301+
301+
214
186
193
301+
46
249
85
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
22
293
81
301+
301+
142
301+
223
298
178
280
130
301+
29
55
191
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
132
111
199
131
260
126
94
87
301+
165
12
177
301+
113
139

VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
HI
VH
VH
VH
VH
HI
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
HI
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

Overall

International
Students

International
Faculty

Citations per
Faculty

Faculty Student

Employer
Reputation

Academic
Reputation

Classification

60
63
90
70=
57
72
65
76
64
77
86
74
75
69
88
70=
67
89
73
87
83
68
82
78
80=
80=
66
84
79
91
106
95
97
93
110
85
98
116
103
101
94
92
104
102
111
105
109
100
115
96
108
129
99
137
136
112
113
118
149
117

Country/Territory

2011 rank

61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75=
75=
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90=
90=
92
93
94
95=
95=
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120

Institution

2012 rank

QS World University Rankings 2012/13: Top 500

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

41.6 268 77.0 149 94.5


75.7 88 54.4 219 28.8
54.0 197 36.6 284 24.1
74.8 93 29.4 301+ 63.2
70.8 107 14.3 301+ 38.0
60.2 153 79.6 138 84.5
57.0 175 99.1 33 80.4
74.7 94 58.3 200 27.4
17.4 301+ 100.0 15 100.0
100.0 6
3.0 301+ 23.1
76.6 83 33.3 299 53.7
51.1 211 85.3 116 83.5
65.9 127 88.2 102 81.0
97.5 26 100.0 18 99.2
98.3 20 80.4 135 24.1
54.4 193 22.3 301+ 25.3
64.5 132 82.6 129 70.6
62.1 145 46.2 250 14.2
70.1 109 99.3 32 81.7
69.7 111 19.4 301+ 15.1
85.0 58 52.7 224 39.9
81.7 62 71.0 167 43.5
45.5 246 91.1 84 91.8
96.8 31
3.6 301+ 51.9
88.2 52 56.1 210 18.9
68.6 119 17.7 301+ 29.0
80.7 69 43.7 257 56.0
99.4 13 73.7 157 85.9
72.5 103 66.5 183 56.0
51.4 209 18.0 301+ 49.8
68.9 115 100.0 17 53.6
60.0 155 91.0 85 70.4
61.1 148 95.3 57 99.8
46.6 239 77.0 148 73.2
45.3 247 100.0 12 81.2
60.9 150 95.0 58 74.2
77.4 77 67.7 180 13.4
87.8 53 68.6 177 36.4
93.6 38 69.7 170 56.0
96.7 32 60.0 193 42.5
81.5 65 17.1 301+ 37.3
54.8 187 86.9 107 92.6
55.7 182 89.9 92 75.4
97.5 25
7.2 301+ 20.5
74.4 95 78.6 140 39.9
64.1 135 60.0 195 48.1
79.2 72 91.8 80 99.9
52.8 203 90.8 87 71.0
56.6 177 89.9 91 79.1
52.2 206 84.5 120 81.4
62.6 140 30.0 301+ 51.4
25.5 301+ 12.6 301+ 38.0
97.3 27 10.6 301+ 49.8
76.2 85 83.4 126 84.1
90.0 48 92.4 75 87.2
5.3 301+ 6.0 301+ 36.1
73.4 97 37.7 282 31.7
99.8 10 60.9 190 29.1
48.6 227 42.4 260 37.6
93.1 40 48.3 242 71.6

48
301+
301+
182
301+
87
103
301+
1
301+
215
92
102
21
301+
301+
149
301+
96
301+
292
277
58
227
301+
301+
201
82
199
238
218
150
16
137
101
130
301+
301+
200
280
301+
53
124
301+
294
248
14
146
108
99
228
301+
237
88
80
301+
301+
301+
301+
143

72.2
72.1
71.8
71.7
71.4
71.3
71.3
71.2
71.1
70.9
70.9
70.7
70.7
70.6
70.5
70.5
70.3
70.1
70.0
69.9
69.8
69.7
69.3
69.1
68.7
68.6
68.6
68.4
68.4
68.3
68.3
67.9
67.6
67.3
66.9
66.9
66.8
66.1
65.9
65.9
65.7
65.3
65.1
64.9
64.7
64.4
64.4
64.2
64.2
63.8
63.7
63.5
63.5
63.5
62.4
61.8
61.5
61.3
60.9
60.8

www.qs.com

University of Basel
Emory University
University of Virginia
University of Liverpool
Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Newcastle University
Universit Catholique de Louvain (UCL)
Kyushu University
Universit Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC)
Humboldt-Universitt zu Berlin
University College Dublin (UCD)
Technical University of Denmark
University of Otago
University of Southern California
University of Rochester
Radboud University Nijmegen
Korea University
Hokkaido University
Universidade de So Paulo (USP)
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
KIT, Karlsruher Institut fr Technologie
KTH, Royal Institute of Technology
Cardiff University
Eberhard Karls Universitt Tbingen
University of Bergen
Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico (UNAM)
Queen Mary, University of London (QMUL)
University of Ghent
University of Bern
Rheinisch-Westflische Technische Hochschule Aachen
Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitt Bonn
McMaster University
Ecole Normale Suprieure de Lyon
University of Cape Town
University of California, Irvine (UCI)
Universiti Malaya (UM)
University of Colorado at Boulder
Eindhoven University of Technology
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Universitt Wien
Wageningen University
University of Aberdeen
Lancaster University
Case Western Reserve University
Texas A&M University
Queen's University of Belfast
Vanderbilt University
Nanjing University
University of Florida
Zhejiang University
Stockholm University
Universit Libre de Bruxelles (ULB)
The University of Western Ontario
Michigan State University
Queen's University
Universitat Autnoma de Barcelona
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
University of Bath
Sungkyunkwan University
University of Illinois, Chicago (UIC)

www.qs.com

CH
US
US
GB
CN
GB
BE
JP
FR
DE
IE
DK
NZ
US
US
NL
KR
JP
BR
IL
DE
SE
GB
DE
NO
MX
GB
BE
CH
DE
DE
CA
FR
ZA
US
MY
US
NL
HK
AT
NL
GB
GB
US
US
GB
US
CN
US
CN
SE
BE
CA
US
CA
ES
NL
GB
KR
US

RANK

Overall

International
Students

International
Faculty

Citations per
Faculty

Faculty Student

Employer
Reputation

Academic
Reputation

Classification

151
114
126
123
124
127
125
122
119
132
134
150
130
107
128
138
190
139
169=
120
147
180
135
152
121
169=
172
165
143
140
154
159
133
156
148
167
142
146
177
155
175
141
153
145
158
193
131
186=
161
191
178
196
157
164
144
194
179
168
259
162

Country/Territory

2011 rank

121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180

Institution

2012 rank

QS World University Rankings 2012/13: Top 500

SIZE

FOCUS

RES.

AGE

SCORE

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

L
L
L
L
XL
L
L
L
L
L
L
M
L
XL
M
L
L
L
XL
L
L
L
L
L
L
XL
L
L
L
XL
L
L
S
L
L
L
L
M
L
XL
M
L
M
M
XL
L
L
L
XL
XL
L
L
L
XL
L
L
L
L
L
L

FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
FC
FC
FO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
CO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
FC
FC
FC
CO
FC
FC
FC
CO
FO
CO
FC
FO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
FC
FC

VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
HI
VH
VH
HI
VH
VH
HI
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
HI
VH
HI
VH
VH
VH
HI
VH
HI
VH
VH
VH
HI
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
HI
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH

5
5
5
5
5
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
5
5
4
4
4
5
5
5
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
3
5
5
4
2
5
4
5
3
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
3
5
3
5
5

51.6 201 31.2


38.7 295 40.4
52.4 194 70.7
54.8 182 66.6
80.0 84 82.3
45.8 236 73.8
70.4 126 55.8
59.8 157 67.3
63.6 144 27.7
94.3 46 37.1
59.8 156 68.6
38.6 296 36.3
65.8 137 60.2
59.2 160 45.5
40.1 282 12.5
41.2 272 39.8
76.4 101 57.4
56.6 173 64.7
86.8 65 76.2
60.9 151 25.0
55.4 179 76.5
55.3 180 63.5
54.5 183 64.4
57.0 170 40.6
47.7 227 29.1
89.6 61 67.0
57.0 169 38.8
59.3 159 47.6
37.5 301+ 29.5
66.9 134 86.7
66.7 135 24.3
57.2 167 35.4
55.7 176 9.9
60.1 155 65.3
61.8 147 25.8
61.1 149 54.4
48.7 215 61.4
44.1 248 38.2
60.9 150 39.2
79.0 87 46.1
44.2 246 27.0
43.2 255 49.7
55.4 178 63.8
27.4 301+ 7.1
64.9 142 62.3
45.4 240 73.0
41.4 270 35.8
70.8 121 39.4
60.7 152 40.9
70.5 125 59.5
74.2 108 48.8
55.8 175 44.2
49.3 212 66.1
58.1 164 67.3
47.8 226 69.8
75.1 105 30.1
65.0 141 49.3
47.0 231 77.5
55.1 181 53.7
45.4 238 33.3

301+
259
104
131
57
91
175
123
301+
291
119
298
165
224
301+
264
172
144
80
301+
78
150
145
257
301+
126
277
212
301+
43
301+
301+
301+
141
301+
179
161
282
273
219
301+
199
149
301+
156
93
301+
270
252
167
204
230
134
125
110
301+
201
74
181
301+

75.0
86.8
66.2
60.6
42.4
61.8
30.1
97.7
58.7
29.2
53.1
97.3
31.0
64.0
100.0
84.9
70.4
80.3
37.9
76.2
83.1
63.7
56.1
80.7
59.7
56.3
67.4
77.2
77.6
47.0
72.8
30.5
100.0
33.7
25.9
83.4
60.0
99.6
48.4
15.7
100.0
54.9
40.0
95.9
19.6
53.5
100.0
49.3
44.8
29.5
36.3
40.1
28.2
28.9
28.0
37.1
44.5
31.8
84.5
53.8

121
83
155
180
301+
176
301+
42
195
301+
231
44
301+
167
16
90
141
105
301+
118
96
168
211
104
189
210
151
116
114
278
129
301+
7
301+
301+
95
185
25
264
301+
11
216
301+
51
301+
227
8
255
300
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
91
224

60.2
98.8
75.3
55.0
43.3
62.1
60.9
34.6
70.2
34.2
38.5
57.9
54.0
62.9
73.7
76.9
22.3
54.7
33.6
67.6
25.6
38.1
51.6
46.3
81.5
4.9
33.2
43.3
76.4
32.9
41.9
84.7
35.7
55.8
97.6
5.6
78.5
33.0
33.5
33.1
36.2
57.1
44.1
91.0
72.8
40.2
53.5
40.9
65.9
55.1
35.6
40.1
76.9
54.1
72.3
41.2
41.9
46.3
20.1
82.5

154
18
91
186
258
144
149
301+
108
301+
289
168
198
139
96
81
301+
191
301+
122
301+
294
208
242
64
301+
301+
259
84
301+
267
59
301+
181
24
301+
73
301+
301+
301+
301+
173
252
44
101
281
201
273
128
184
301+
282
82
196
104
271
266
243
301+
61

100.0
18.1
29.3
80.9
20.6
82.3
74.2
15.3
32.8
46.4
92.4
93.1
100.0
20.4
43.1
68.5
23.8
13.9
11.3
26.2
55.8
74.4
71.7
49.9
87.9
23.2
98.5
39.8
98.4
32.1
18.2
67.2
55.1
69.7
33.9
77.4
21.3
98.0
99.9
70.5
30.8
89.0
77.3
25.1
20.2
97.7
13.3
41.8
11.8
16.3
39.2
89.4
56.2
60.0
77.3
22.8
45.2
88.9
18.9
26.2

14
301+
301+
134
301+
130
155
301+
301+
248
74
70
9
301+
258
178
301+
301+
301+
301+
212
153
164
238
103
301+
36
273
39
301+
301+
181
217
171
298
145
301+
42
26
169
301+
96
146
301+
301+
44
301+
265
301+
301+
275
95
208
194
147
301+
255
97
301+
301+

82.5
45.7
39.9
73.4
17.5
90.5
67.8
22.3
67.0
47.1
94.6
73.4
79.8
71.4
78.5
33.6
34.7
18.1
5.3
9.6
58.6
91.0
71.0
40.2
36.4
5.0
88.8
28.1
45.1
54.8
55.7
54.2
47.1
63.5
27.8
70.2
10.8
28.7
88.2
91.0
97.4
92.5
84.0
59.4
29.6
78.1
28.7
5.8
25.7
6.9
23.8
96.3
38.0
43.9
30.6
31.9
16.9
93.5
38.8
19.4

95
263
293
134
301+
69
159
301+
164
253
47
133
105
144
111
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
196
64
147
289
301+
301+
74
301+
267
207
206
212
252
181
301+
151
301+
301+
76
63
33
55
89
192
301+
115
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
39
301+
275
301+
301+
301+
52
301+
301+

60.5
60.4
60.4
60.0
59.9
59.7
59.7
59.6
59.6
59.4
59.1
59.0
58.9
58.8
58.7
58.5
58.4
58.3
58.1
58.0
57.9
57.7
57.5
57.4
57.0
56.8
56.7
56.6
56.5
56.3
56.3
56.1
56.1
55.7
55.7
55.6
55.5
54.9
54.6
54.6
54.6
54.3
54.0
53.8
53.7
53.5
53.5
53.2
52.9
52.8
52.6
52.6
52.6
52.3
52.1
52.0
51.8
51.8
51.7
51.6

QS World University Rankings 2012/13

10

Tufts University
University of Exeter
Georgetown University
University of Arizona
University of Leicester
University of Science and Technology of China
Universitat de Barcelona (UB)
University of Sussex
Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB)
University College Cork (UCC)
University of Waterloo
National Tsing Hua University
University of Gothenburg
Universit di Bologna (UNIBO)
Pontificia Universidad Catlica de Chile
University of Antwerp
King Saud University (KSU)
Waseda University
University of Iowa
Keio University
Chulalongkorn University
Universitt Frankfurt am Main
University of Tsukuba
University of Dundee
Universitt Hamburg
Universidad Autnoma de Madrid
Technische Universitt Berlin
King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals
Tel Aviv University
Indiana University Bloomington
University of Turku
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IITD)
Sciences Po Paris
University of Calgary
University of Reading
Sapienza - Universit di Roma
Universit Paris-Sorbonne (Paris IV)
Universit Paris 1 Panthon-Sorbonne
Universit Paris-Sud 11
Technion - Israel Institute of Technology
University of Canterbury
Aalto University
Chalmers University of Technology
University of Twente
Universidad de Chile
Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM)
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB)
Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp)
Universitt Stuttgart
Universidad de Buenos Aires
University of Miami
Universit de Strasbourg
Macquarie University
Universit Paris Diderot - Paris 7
University of Notre Dame
University of East Anglia (UEA)
Victoria University of Wellington
National Chiao Tung University
University of Liege
University of Ottawa

QS World University Rankings 2012/13

US
GB
US
US
GB
CN
ES
GB
BE
IE
CA
TW
SE
IT
CL
BE
SA
JP
US
JP
TH
DE
JP
GB
DE
ES
DE
SA
IL
US
FI
IN
FR
CA
GB
IT
FR
FR
FR
IL
NZ
FI
SE
NL
CL
ES
IN
BR
DE
AR
US
FR
AU
FR
US
GB
NZ
TW
BE
CA

SIZE

FOCUS

RES.

AGE

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

M
L
L
XL
L
L
XL
M
M
L
L
M
L
XL
L
L
XL
XL
L
XL
XL
XL
L
M
XL
L
L
M
L
XL
L
M
M
L
M
XL
L
XL
L
L
L
L
M
M
XL
XL
M
L
L
XL
L
XL
L
L
M
L
L
M
L
XL

FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
CO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
FO
FC
FC
FC
CO
SP
FC
CO
FC
SP
FO
CO
FC
CO
SP
CO
FO
FC
FC
CO
FC
CO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
FC
CO
CO
FC
FC

VH
HI
HI
VH
HI
VH
VH
VH
VH
HI
VH
VH
VH
VH
HI
HI
HI
VH
VH
HI
HI
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
HI
VH

5
4
5
5
4
4
5
4
5
5
4
4
5
5
5
3
4
5
5
5
4
4
3
5
4
3
5
3
4
5
4
4
5
3
5
5
5
5
5
4
5
5
5
4
5
5
4
3
5
5
4
5
3
5
5
3
5
5
5
5

27.4
47.2
48.1
58.3
37.9
57.9
77.5
51.9
36.0
51.9
56.1
58.1
51.2
80.2
71.4
35.6
56.7
73.9
44.3
61.4
79.0
57.2
50.1
34.3
65.4
68.8
63.1
43.1
51.4
58.2
41.0
53.4
35.6
49.9
44.1
78.8
83.6
76.5
41.6
44.8
52.0
40.0
42.5
40.6
75.1
73.6
59.5
65.1
43.1
81.3
26.4
69.1
47.4
60.3
35.9
40.2
52.9
35.4
34.8
41.0

301+
229
220
161
301+
165
92
200
301+
199
174
163
205
82
119
301+
172
109
244
148
88
168
207
301+
139
133
145
257
203
162
274
187
301+
208
249
89
72
99
266
242
198
284
261
277
104
112
158
140
258
78
301+
131
228
154
301+
280
190
301+
301+
273

23.6
65.9
67.9
20.5
26.4
32.1
40.4
25.5
59.0
62.0
71.5
27.0
34.9
56.4
75.9
32.5
22.6
78.8
20.9
75.1
66.3
45.5
22.3
23.9
27.6
47.7
52.4
36.9
24.9
54.1
48.9
79.4
74.8
40.7
34.4
42.9
60.7
77.7
18.3
24.1
63.4
45.5
61.3
30.4
66.1
62.1
82.7
44.9
50.5
81.9
18.0
21.5
71.2

301+
137
122
301+
301+
301+
258
301+
169
158
101
301+
301+
173
81
301+
301+
70
301+
84
132
223
301+
301+
301+
210
186
293
301+
180
203
68
88
254
301+
242
163
73
301+
301+
151
222
162
301+
135
157
55
227
195
60
301+
301+
102

VH
VH
VH
HI
VH
VH
HI
VH
VH
HI
VH
VH
VH
VH
HI
VH
HI
HI
VH
VH
HI
HI
VH
HI
VH

66.8
26.7
63.0
23.0
30.7
23.6

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

60.5
32.4
53.3
39.3
47.2
56.3
30.3
31.6
92.1
42.3
20.8
30.8
46.1
19.9
42.0
98.0
89.1
34.5
53.9
59.7
36.8
40.0
89.2
68.0
54.4
29.2
46.7
90.0
14.5
29.7
78.4
35.4
89.4
15.2
50.9
9.4
15.7
10.2
58.9
38.6
20.9
95.9
45.1
45.7
21.0
27.3
28.9
35.5
72.0
13.8
90.9
18.6
13.5
34.0
129 44.3
301+ 41.2
154 18.8
301+ 49.6
301+ 46.2
301+ 14.3

181
301+
229
301+
276
209
301+
301+
62
301+
301+
301+
291
301+
301+
39
77
301+
222
188
301+
301+
75
150
217
301+
284
70
301+
301+
112
301+
73
301+
246
301+
301+
301+
192
301+
301+
50
297
294
301+
301+
301+
301+
138
301+
66
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
251
290
301+

96.0
50.2
46.1
75.9
73.1
61.5
38.7
57.9
27.9
37.5
48.2
71.3
59.5
30.1
16.6
31.0
2.6
8.1
75.5
17.5
8.4
46.2
31.4
57.4
25.6
43.8
14.5
5.8
99.1
48.4
43.8
54.1
1.5
80.9
38.4
40.6
1.4
4.1
55.1
78.5
33.4
15.5
42.3
49.7
20.7
15.1
38.2
31.1
13.9
5.2
54.7
30.4
28.2
42.8
63.3
44.7
18.0
58.2
59.8
76.0

35
217
245
87
98
147
287
169
301+
298
231
105
158
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
90
301+
301+
244
301+
171
301+
254
301+
301+
16
229
253
195
301+
67
290
277
301+
301+
185
74
301+
301+
264
220
301+
301+
293
301+
301+
301+
190
301+
301+
261
136
248
301+
166
156
86

92.9
88.3
47.6
25.3
84.0
9.3
8.7
92.4
50.3
90.5
80.1
53.7
46.4
12.4
17.8
64.3
93.3
32.5
28.3
15.0
24.0
23.1
14.6
82.8
26.1
11.1
35.5
100.0
30.8
14.3
26.3
1.3
52.2
33.0
84.3
5.3
6.9
32.7
41.9
49.3
100.0
49.3
61.3
77.5
11.1
4.8
3.2
26.3
37.2

71
100
246
301+
122
301+
301+
76
237
88
136
221
249
301+
301+
185
69
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
128
301+
301+
291
6
301+
301+
301+
301+
228
300
121
301+
301+
301+
263
240
18
241
188
144
301+
301+
301+
301+
283

Overall

International
Students

International
Faculty

Citations per
Faculty

Faculty Student

Employer
Reputation

Academic
Reputation

Classification

174
207
166
163
195
188=
176
197=
204
181
160
213=
184
183
250
197=
200
185
192
188=
171
182
186=
199
203
222
205
221
173
216
224
218=
201
218=
215
210
206
213=
208
220
212
232
202
226
262
253
225
235
209
270=
230
227
211
238
223
261
237
306=
274
256=

Country/Territory

2011 rank

181
182
183=
183=
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201=
201=
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218=
218=
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240

Institution

2012 rank

QS World University Rankings 2012/13: Top 500

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

34.9
89.0
46.8
19.2
90.2
1.6
21.8
85.2
62.8
45.8
45.6
11.9
42.5
18.4
7.8
49.7
19.8
22.7
31.5
7.7
2.8
55.8
27.2
61.8
43.3
17.0
68.6
56.0
8.2
52.7
9.5
1.6
96.3
48.3
80.1
20.7
72.2
74.9
64.9
6.8
70.8
24.8
50.1
74.8
6.3
27.6
1.2
7.2
71.3
6.3
28.2 301+ 35.8
27.2 301+ 67.7
98.5 37 98.2
40.2 271 49.4
10.5 301+ 17.1
81.4 132 78.1
100.0 18 78.6
58.9 199 47.8
31.2 301+ 67.7
87.1 104 36.8

301+
73
255
301+
70
301+
301+
85
184
262
264
301+
281
301+
301+
239
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
204
301+
186
278
301+
157
202
301+
223
301+
301+
41
246
104
301+
140
126
173
301+
148
301+
235
127
301+
301+
301+
301+
145
301+
301+
160
26
241
301+
114
110
250
161
301+

51.5
51.4
51.2
51.2
51.1
51.0
50.9
50.6
50.5
50.2
50.2
50.2
50.0
49.8
49.7
49.5
49.4
49.2
49.2
49.1
49.1
49.1
49.0
48.9
48.9
48.8
48.4
48.4
48.2
48.2
48.0
47.8
47.8
47.8
47.6
47.6
47.4
47.1
47.1
47.0
47.0
47.0
46.7
46.5
46.3
46.2
46.2
46.0
45.4
45.3
45.1
44.8
44.7
44.4
44.4
44.4
44.2
43.8
43.6
43.5

www.qs.com

Yeshiva University
Loughborough University
Dalhousie University
Politecnico di Milano
Westflische Wilhelms-Universitt Mnster
RMIT University
Universitt Kln
Universit Joseph Fourier - Grenoble 1
Hanyang University
American University of Beirut (AUB)
Universitt Ulm
Beijing Normal University
Saint-Petersburg State University
University of Strathclyde
Mahidol University
Universit degli Studi di Milano
University of Utah
Curtin University
University of Surrey
Rutgers - New Brunswick
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
University of Oulu
Universitt Mannheim
University of Wollongong
Christian-Albrechts-Universitt zu Kiel
Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Royal Holloway University of London
University of Newcastle
Universitt Erlangen-Nrnberg
Kyung Hee University
Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU)
National Cheng Kung University
University of Indonesia
Technische Universitt Wien
Technische Universitt Darmstadt
Universitt Innsbruck
Tokyo Medical and Dental University
Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IITK)
Universitt Konstanz
Hiroshima University
Queensland University of Technology (QUT)
Simon Fraser University
University of Hawaii at Mnoa
University of Technology, Sydney (UTS)
National Yang Ming University
Charles University
National University of Ireland, Galway (NUIG)
Technische Universitt Dresden
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
University of Massachusetts, Amherst
North Carolina State University
Julius-Maximilians-Universitt Wrzburg
University of South Australia (UniSA)
SOAS - University of London
Kobe University
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Ume University
Universit degli Studi di Padova (UNIPD)
University of Victoria
Stony Brook University

www.qs.com

US
GB
CA
IT
DE
AU
DE
FR
KR
LB
DE
CN
RU
GB
TH
IT
US
AU
GB
US
MY
FI
DE
AU
DE
ES
GB
AU
DE
KR
HK
TW
ID
AT
DE
AT
JP
IN
DE
JP
AU
CA
US
AU
TW
CZ
IE
DE
NO
US
US
DE
AU
GB
JP
US
SE
IT
CA
US

Overall

International
Students

International
Faculty

Citations per
Faculty

Faculty Student

Employer
Reputation

Academic
Reputation

Classification

252
264
234
277=
280
228
247=
254
314
300=
233
300=
251
270=
229
275
288
258
241
236
279
304
244
269
283
308
293
291
239
245
243
285=
217
231
240
290
282
306=
297
249
267
260
295
268
302
276
298
340
266
255
277=
246
256=
303
247=
294
273
263
292
242

Country/Territory

2011 rank

241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256=
256=
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271=
271=
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300

Institution

2012 rank

QS World University Rankings 2012/13: Top 500

SIZE

FOCUS

RES.

AGE

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

M
L
L
L
XL
XL
XL
L
L
M
M
L
L
L
L
XL
L
XL
L
XL
L
M
M
L
L
M
M
L
XL
L
M
L
XL
L
L
L
S
M
M
L
L
L
L
L
S
XL
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
S
L
M
L
XL
L
L

FC
FO
FC
SP
FC
CO
FC
CO
FC
FC
CO
CO
FC
CO
FC
FC
FC
CO
CO
CO
FC
FC
FO
FC
FC
CO
CO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FO
FO
FC
FO
CO
CO
FC
CO
CO
FC
CO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
CO
FC
CO
SP
FC
CO
FC
FC
CO
FC

VH
VH
HI

5
3
5
5
5
2
5
5
4
5
3
5
5
5
4
4
5
3
5
5
3
4
5
3
5
2
5
3
5
4
2
4
5
5
5
5
4
4
3
4
2
3
5
2
3
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
2
4
4
5
3
5
3
4

6.1
37.5
35.0
56.8
48.6
46.9
51.4
44.9
37.2
25.8
14.4
53.9
43.6
43.1
48.6
55.5
23.5
41.5
34.4
49.2
48.0
27.9
25.4
29.5
34.8
39.6
33.9
47.9
36.4
32.4
27.0
45.5
52.8
43.6
30.4
48.1
12.3
44.1
42.4
36.5
44.0
37.3
25.0
41.6
17.1
51.5
32.6
42.8
37.8
48.0
32.4
26.2
38.3
39.1
38.2
21.4
32.8
53.5
30.6
29.3

301+
301+
301+
171
217
233
204
241
301+
301+
301+
185
252
256
216
177
301+
268
301+
214
223
301+
301+
301+
301+
289
301+
225
301+
301+
301+
237
191
253
301+
221
301+
247
262
301+
251
301+
301+
267
301+
202
301+
260
301+
224
301+
301+
299
291
300
301+
301+
186
301+
301+

4.1
71.8
24.7
83.0
39.3
77.2
52.9
24.2
31.2
59.3
27.3
28.1
26.7
53.2
21.9
37.8
22.3
65.1
48.3
22.6
26.6
19.8
75.0
73.4
24.2
28.2
30.8
39.5
21.6
60.1
36.1
27.3
64.4
52.7
66.2
24.1
6.6
50.6
29.7
21.7
65.6
34.1
1.0
69.3
25.4
36.6
43.8
39.4
29.8
27.7
40.4
17.1
49.9
26.5
43.6
25.3
18.4
30.3
28.9
3.9

301+
98
301+
54
272
75
183
301+
301+
168
301+
301+
301+
182
301+
286
301+
142
209
301+
301+
301+
86
92
301+
301+
301+
266
301+
166
300
301+
146
184
133
301+
301+
194
301+
301+
138
301+
301+
116
301+
296
233
271
301+
301+
260
301+
198
301+
234
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+

97.4
39.2
33.1
18.2
53.5
21.7
18.3
42.3
88.0
65.8
96.2
47.4
97.8
35.8
82.0
16.7
57.1
27.3
34.0
35.4
57.6
91.2
12.5
35.7
21.0
51.2
36.5
18.4
48.7
82.5
69.4
42.6
54.2
26.6
48.5
15.9
100.0
28.2
48.6
82.4
21.9
11.9
58.5
21.8
98.5
43.1
51.5
38.7
46.4
26.2
27.9
51.0
36.3
49.4
62.2
34.4
51.0
17.0
14.6
41.9

43
301+
301+
301+
226
301+
301+
301+
80
159
48
275
41
301+
101
301+
204
301+
301+
301+
200
65
301+
301+
301+
241
301+
301+
259
98
144
301+
220
301+
263
301+
15
301+
261
99
301+
301+
198
301+
34
301+
239
301+
287
301+
301+
243
301+
253
174
301+
244
301+
301+
301+

89.0
22.4
68.6
23.1
30.1
7.7
47.4
50.9
13.7
17.3
56.2
16.7
3.5
25.4
10.8
53.4
77.0
12.6
30.7
48.0
4.2
32.3
91.9
26.5
81.0
25.8
35.9
28.7
54.7
8.9
22.5
40.8
1.5
24.1
26.0
28.1
65.1
57.2
27.3
27.4
20.1
55.1
62.5
12.7
46.4
17.6
20.4
36.8
36.8
52.3
72.8
69.7
12.5
2.9
26.9
89.6
48.5
50.1
72.7
63.2

51
301+
118
301+
301+
301+
237
213
301+
301+
178
301+
301+
301+
301+
202
80
301+
301+
236
301+
301+
43
301+
66
301+
301+
301+
188
301+
301+
274
301+
301+
301+
301+
130
172
301+
301+
301+
183
141
301+
240
301+
301+
301+
301+
205
100
112
301+
301+
301+
49
228
218
102
137

1.8
88.3
77.9
22.2
24.6
100.0
29.8
18.6
24.8
88.6
29.7
71.0
3.2
81.3
12.9
12.2
28.4
100.0
92.2
27.1
85.9
41.1
3.0
99.5
56.6
91.6
94.8
92.2
39.7
19.2
88.4
35.9
28.4
56.6
59.9
92.2
6.9
1.5
56.0
6.9
85.0
95.0
56.5
93.4
12.3
13.6
93.6
29.1
61.0
12.2
10.5
35.6
100.0
99.8
8.9
11.5
69.0
3.7
91.3
53.6

301+
101
143
301+
301+
18
301+
301+
301+
98
301+
166
301+
133
301+
301+
301+
13
77
301+
113
267
301+
30
205
81
60
78
274
301+
99
288
301+
204
196
79
301+
301+
211
301+
118
59
207
68
301+
301+
67
301+
189
301+
301+
290
2
27
301+
301+
174
301+
82
222

48.7
71.9
35.1
41.1
21.0
100.0
37.3
46.5
49.0
89.7
25.9
15.8
18.5
50.4
7.5
10.7
25.5
99.8
96.0
18.4
45.8
18.0
40.3
82.8
22.3
40.5
95.8
68.8
23.1
46.3
65.2
21.2
4.2
89.7
66.1
98.1
19.7
1.1
39.8
16.1
59.8
64.4
51.2
88.6
11.4
47.8
59.3
33.7
29.6
15.0
26.8
16.7
75.8
100.0
16.5
44.1
6.0
11.1
27.5
54.2

245
142
301+
285
301+
8
301+
258
244
72
301+
301+
301+
233
301+
301+
301+
15
44
301+
261
301+
288
94
301+
287
46
155
301+
260
172
301+
301+
71
168
27
301+
301+
295
301+
191
175
230
75
301+
249
193
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
122
9
301+
273
301+
301+
301+
211

43.1
43.0
42.9
42.9
42.8
42.8
42.8
42.7
42.5
42.2
42.2
42.0
41.9
41.8
41.6
41.6
41.6
41.5
41.4
41.3
41.2
41.2
41.1
41.1
41.1
41.1
41.1
41.0
41.0
40.9
40.9
40.9
40.7
40.6
40.4
40.4
40.3
40.3
40.3
40.3
40.2
40.1
40.1
40.0
40.0
39.9
39.9
39.7
39.7
39.4
39.4
39.3
39.3
39.1
39.1
39.1
39.0
39.0
38.9
38.9

HI
HI
HI
VH
VH
HI
VH
VH
HI
VH
HI
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
HI
VH
VH
HI
VH
VH
VH
HI
VH
HI
HI
VH
MD
VH
VH
HI
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
HI
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
HI
VH
HI
VH
VH
VH

QS World University Rankings 2012/13

11

301
285= cole des Ponts ParisTech
302
305 University of Eastern Finland
303
325 University of California, Riverside (UCR)
304
313 University of Tromso
305
388 Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina (UCA)
306=
320 Tecnolgico de Monterrey (ITESM)
306=
309 Universit Bordeaux 1, Sciences Technologies
308
329= Massey University
309=
284 Tulane University
309=
310 University of Jyvskyl
311
287 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC)
312
281 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IITM)
313
337 University at Buffalo SUNY
314
322 Universit di Pisa
315
319 Universit Paris Descartes
316
321 Johannes Gutenberg Universitt Mainz
317
272 Wake Forest University
318
311 University of Southern Denmark
319
289 Iowa State University
320
333 Universitt Leipzig
321
315 University of Essex
322
265 Tokyo University of Science
323
373= Taipei Medical University
324= 326= Dublin City University (DCU)
324=
316 Laval University
326
335 Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
327=
356 City University London
327=
353 Universidad Austral
329
349 Boston College
330
336 Arizona State University
331
351 Brunel University
332
318 Brandeis University
333
381 Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
334
370 King Abdul Aziz University (KAU)
335 401-450 Universidad de Los Andes Colombia
336
380 Universit degli Studi di Roma - Tor Vergata
337
326= Virginia Polytechnic Institute (Virginia Tech)
338
331 Ruhr-Universitt Bochum
339
296 George Washington University
340 401-450 Linkping University
341
344 Ewha Womans University
342
299 Flinders University
343
347 Universidad Carlos III de Madrid
344
324 Universit Paris Dauphine
345
334 Aston University
346=
367 Universitt Bremen
346=
350 Universit Claude Bernard Lyon 1
348
332 University of the Philippines
349
341 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IITKGP)
350
373= Universitat Politcnica de Catalunya
351
345 Universit Paul Sabatier Toulouse III
352=
362 Aalborg University
352=
379 Bauman Moscow State Technical University
354
Hankuk (Korea) University of Foreign Studies
355
312 Universitt Dsseldorf
356
354 Washington State University
357
343 University of Tasmania
358 401-450 Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)
359
375 Universidad de Navarra
360
358 Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)

12

QS World University Rankings 2012/13

FR
FI
US
NO
AR
MX
FR
NZ
US
FI
US
IN
US
IT
FR
DE
US
DK
US
DE
GB
JP
TW
IE
CA
MY
GB
AR
US
US
GB
US
BR
SA
CO
IT
US
DE
US
SE
KR
AU
ES
FR
GB
DE
FR
PH
IN
ES
FR
DK
RU
KR
DE
US
AU
MY
ES
MY

SIZE

FOCUS

RES.

AGE

SCORE

RANK

S
M
L
M
L
L
M
L
M
M
L
M
L
XL
L
XL
M
L
L
L
M
L
M
M
XL
L
L
S
L
XL
L
M
XL
XL
L
XL
XL
XL
L
L
L
L
L
M
M
L
XL
XL
M
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
M
L

FO
CO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FO
CO
FC
CO
CO
CO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FO
CO
FC
CO
FO
FO
CO
FC
FC
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
FC
FC
FC
CO
FC
FC
FC
CO
FC
FC
FO
SP
CO
CO
FC
FC
FO
CO
CO
FC
FO
CO
FC
FC
CO
CO
FC
FC

HI
VH
HI
HI
LO
MD
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
HI
VH
HI
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
VH
HI
HI
HI
MD
HI
VH
VH
HI
VH
MD
MD
VH
VH
HI
HI
VH
HI
HI
VH

5
3
4
3
4
4
5
4
5
4
3
4
5
5
5
5
5
3
5
5
3
4
4
2
5
4
5
2
5
5
3
4
4
3
4
3
5
4
5
3
5
3
2
3
3
3
5
5
4
3
5
5
5
4
3
5
5
5
4
3

17.6
19.8
30.0
20.4
48.2
41.0
32.0
41.8
19.3
30.0
39.1
40.0
29.9
52.7
32.1
37.4
5.5
25.8
30.2
37.0
34.0
40.5
28.9
23.8
32.7
52.5
31.3
26.4
32.0
47.2
25.2
20.5
52.4
38.6
49.9
49.7
37.5
33.4
37.1
34.0
40.1
27.7
38.1
33.6
21.3
37.8
38.7
49.2
34.6
34.0
40.0
26.6
22.2
19.6
20.0
32.0
27.7
34.1
22.2
41.4

301+
301+
301+
301+
219
275
301+
265
301+
301+
292
283
301+
192
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
278
301+
301+
301+
193
301+
301+
301+
230
301+
301+
195
297
209
210
301+
301+
301+
301+
281
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
294
213
301+
301+
285
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
269

VH
VH
HI
MD
VH
VH
VH
HI
HI
MD
HI
HI
VH
VH
VH
HI

SCORE

Overall

International
Students

International
Faculty

Citations per
Faculty

Faculty Student

Employer
Reputation

Academic
Reputation

Classification

Country/Territory

Institution

2011 rank

2012 rank

QS World University Rankings 2012/13: Top 500

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

51.3 192
26.5 301+
12.9 301+
5.8 301+
58.8 170
74.9 87
27.7 301+
36.4 297
21.5 301+
23.1 301+

100.0
79.4
19.1
98.6
56.6
52.1
52.7
32.5
66.2
92.6
18.2
30.9
18.7
7.7
26.5
13.0
99.7
57.3
29.6
16.4
32.2
6.7
47.9
41.0
22.8
28.0
28.2
89.6
30.1
13.1
24.1
38.0
40.4
57.1
26.9
9.3
34.1
39.4
36.2
38.0
50.0
67.1
49.1
22.6
24.5
43.6
27.2
37.3
32.7
64.7
54.3
42.1
99.9
71.0
39.8
32.2
38.3
58.7
60.1
50.4

5
110
301+
33
207
237
233
301+
156
59
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
24
202
301+
301+
301+
301+
269
301+
301+
301+
301+
72
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
203
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
250
152
256
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
164
219
301+
18
140
301+
301+
301+
196
184
247

4.8
49.1
83.6
29.4
1.2
2.9
37.4
20.6
59.0
13.9
90.1
40.3
86.4
54.7
64.6
70.8
67.0
34.2
60.2
69.4
23.3
77.6
50.1
20.4
64.5
10.0
14.3
3.2
27.4
48.4
32.4
66.2
15.6
1.7
9.3
50.3
33.1
31.0
36.8
36.8
14.3
17.9
5.2
5.3
23.9
24.9
38.7
2.3
47.1
11.8
18.8
21.6
1.0
1.7
65.7
34.6
24.7
2.5
24.7
4.2

301+
224
60
301+
301+
301+
300
301+
161
301+
46
279
57
189
131
106
124
301+
152
113
301+
76
219
301+
133
301+
301+
301+
301+
230
301+
125
301+
301+
301+
216
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
286
301+
238
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
129
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+

30.9
31.9
52.6
44.7

301+
301+
225
256

34.8
36.0
95.5
23.4
31.9
3.8
2.1
9.2
12.7
7.5
34.6
13.0
49.4
42.4
14.6
98.2

292
287
56
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
293
301+
239
261
301+
40

30.5
86.1
23.9
26.3
83.6
9.7
91.2
13.2
94.6
20.8
7.8
72.7
38.3
3.2
25.8
40.6
2.5
38.4
21.6
13.8
47.4
34.3
94.4
20.5
10.1
1.0

301+
110
301+
301+
125
301+
83
301+
61
301+
301+
159
280
301+
301+
270
301+
279
301+
301+
247
295
62
301+
301+
301+

14.1
30.9
73.6
1.0
51.0
8.5
72.6
51.9
17.1
27.5
17.4

301+
301+
158
301+
232
301+
160
230
301+
301+
301+

76.7
12.3
35.2
31.3
28.2
29.7
54.6
41.0
33.8
11.3
4.5
1.2
68.3
10.4
75.9
39.0
15.9
61.2
37.3
31.9
99.5
2.5
17.5
64.2
40.2
53.1
97.6
23.8
54.1
18.3
87.7
74.9
3.9
44.2
5.1
13.8
21.9
52.1
35.1
10.6
33.8
63.9
27.0
92.5
93.9
39.6
41.1
2.7
1.1
43.7
32.7
47.3
8.1
36.2
39.3
20.3
87.8
72.1
51.1
40.0

119
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
210
286
301+
301+
301+
301+
158
301+
121
300
301+
187
301+
301+
20
301+
301+
176
290
220
32
301+
213
301+
79
125
301+
271
301+
301+
301+
226
301+
301+
301+
177
301+
56
49
297
283
301+
301+
276
301+
251
301+
301+
299
301+
77
141
231
291

38.9
38.9
38.6
38.5
38.5
38.5
38.5
38.2
38.2
38.2
38.1
38.1
38.1
37.8
37.6
37.6
37.4
37.3
37.2
36.7
36.6
36.3
36.3
36.0
36.0
35.9
35.9
35.9
35.8
35.7
35.6
35.5
35.4
35.4
35.4
35.3
35.2
35.2
35.1
35.0
34.9
34.8
34.6
34.6
34.5
34.5
34.5
34.5
34.4
34.3
34.2
34.1
34.1
34.1
34.1
34.0
33.8
33.7
33.6
33.6

73.0
8.2
27.4
20.3
18.0

94
301+
301+
301+
301+

27.5
28.4
19.9
16.7
27.5
23.5
62.9
18.6
29.7
54.5
47.3
39.1
26.1
47.6
13.4
22.9
19.8
56.3
23.0
40.2
27.4
34.6
36.6
29.2
24.8
44.1
88.6
65.5
22.9
28.9
63.2
42.3
21.9

301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
155
301+
301+
178
215
275
301+
213
301+
301+
301+
174
301+
261
301+
301+
295
301+
301+
231
40
139
301+
301+
152
247
301+

43.6 235
42.7 246
70.3 106
22.7 301+
28.0 301+
27.4 301+
29.7 301+
35.3 301+
29.3 301+

www.qs.com

Xi'an Jiaotong University


James Cook University (JCU)
University of The Witwatersrand
Universitt des Saarlandes
Colorado State University
University of Connecticut
Moscow State Institute of International Relations
Griffith University
L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University
United Arab Emirates University
Novosibirsk State University
Universitt Regensburg
Karl-Franzens-Universitt Graz
University of Waikato
La Trobe University
Universitt Jena
Ben Gurion University of The Negev
Universit Montpellier 2, Sciences et Techniques
Birkbeck College, University of London
Bond University
Chiba University
Universidad Nacional de Colombia
University of Kent
Universitt Bielefeld
University of Coimbra
University of Missouri, Columbia
The University of Georgia
Heriot-Watt University
University of Cincinnati
Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
Sogang University
American University in Cairo
University of Saskatchewan
University of St Gallen (HSG)
University of Tampere
National Taiwan University of Science and Technology
Universit Lille 1, Sciences et Technologie
University of Warsaw
Universitt Bayreuth
University of New Mexico

CN
AU
ZA
DE
US
US
RU
AU
KZ
AE
RU
DE
AT
NZ
AU
DE
IL
FR
GB
AU
JP
CO
GB
DE
PT
US
US
GB
US
KZ
KR
EG
CA
CH
FI
TW
FR
PL
DE
US

SIZE

FOCUS

RES.

AGE

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

SCORE

RANK

L
M
L
L
L
L
M
XL
L
L
M
L
L
M
L
L
L
L
M
S
L
XL
L
L
L
L
XL
M
XL
L
M
M
L
M
M
M
L
XL
M
L

FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
FC
FO
FC
CO
FC
FC
CO
FO
CO
CO
FC
FC
FO
FO
FC
FC
FC
CO
CO
FC
FC
FC
CO
FC
CO
CO
CO
FC
SP
CO
FO
FO
CO
CO
FC

VH
VH
HI
HI
VH
VH
LO
HI
LO
MD
HI
VH
VH
HI
VH
HI
HI
VH
VH
HI
HI
HI
HI
HI
HI
VH
VH
VH
VH
MD
VH
HI
HI

5
3
5
4
5
5
4
3
2
3
4
4
5
3
3
5
3
5
5
2
5
5
3
3
5
5
5
3
5
4
4
4
5
5
4
3
5
5
3
5

29.9
21.7
37.2
22.4
24.7
20.5
16.0
29.6
24.3
29.1
26.7
19.1
40.2
28.8
35.6
29.1
30.1
26.9
35.4
11.9
24.7
52.3
30.6
36.3
42.2
21.5
31.9
17.7
16.7
25.7
33.3
30.3
21.9
17.2
27.1
31.1
28.3
45.4
24.0
23.7

301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
279
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
196
301+
301+
264
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
239
301+
301+

40.6
23.4
30.6

255
301+
301+

36.8
20.3
32.3
39.8
17.7
23.8
22.6
16.9
18.1
36.9
26.8
17.1
8.6
3.1
15.0
43.5
9.4
55.4
21.4
28.9
19.8
23.9
31.1
30.4
19.6
20.4
32.9
49.4
43.4
85.8
27.2
22.6
31.5
39.4
23.2
13.6

294
301+
301+
263
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
292
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
236
301+
176
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
200
237
44
301+
301+
301+
269
301+
301+

69.8
30.4
19.3
34.7
11.9
31.5
98.4
23.3
99.3
35.9
89.1
60.2
16.2
27.2
21.6
42.6
47.6
43.8
20.1
63.7
66.1
19.2
33.1
19.5
22.0
46.7
27.3
29.6
46.3
84.4
53.6
43.6
38.9
18.0
53.3
54.9
35.6
32.0
51.3
44.3

143
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
35
301+
28
301+
79
183
301+
301+
301+
301+
272
301+
301+
169
157
301+
301+
301+
301+
283
301+
301+
289
92
225
301+
301+
301+
228
215
301+
301+
240
301+

11.7
44.2
29.9
58.6
80.7
62.0
1.0
15.8
1.0
10.4
4.0
43.8
34.1
14.9
15.8
43.0
31.0
46.4
31.2
6.3
32.6
4.3
12.7
42.7
27.6
41.2
48.2
29.7
58.7
1.1
8.7
3.2
33.6
11.2
27.0
18.1
19.8
8.8
28.8
51.4

301+
249
301+
164
68
146
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
256
301+
301+
301+
260
301+
241
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
263
301+
272
232
301+
163
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
301+
210

6.9
93.8
74.6
45.6
6.4
59.3
7.3
89.9
15.3
100.0
4.1
34.6
59.0
96.0
83.9
17.9
67.1
17.1
92.5
86.0
6.8
11.4
90.9
13.7
12.8
48.3
2.1
94.1
20.7
24.6
20.2
97.5
26.1
99.5
21.5
13.2
30.6
8.3
41.0
8.0

301+
64
152
251
301+
197
301+
93
301+
1
301+
294
198
52
123
301+
182
301+
73
111
301+
301+
86
301+
301+
243
301+
63
301+
301+
301+
45
301+
31
301+
301+
301+
301+
268
301+

10.2
50.4
28.9
60.8
9.7
18.2
56.4
90.8
6.9
87.0
16.9
14.4
32.8
81.6
77.1
18.4
5.7
44.2
32.3
93.8
18.0
1.5
72.8
23.2
44.7
13.5
10.1
97.2
16.1
14.9
24.7

301+
234
301+
189
301+
301+
198
65
301+
81
301+
301+
301+
98
118
301+
301+
272
301+
50
301+
301+
138
301+
269
301+
301+
36
301+
301+
301+

VH
VH
VH
HI
VH
VH

Overall

International
Students

International
Faculty

Citations per
Faculty

Faculty Student

Employer
Reputation

Academic
Reputation

Classification

382
352
399
328
363
365
389
346
401-450
338
400
348
366
357
317
376
385
329=
369
323
451-500
401-450
355
394
371
386
401-450
339
401-450
392
551-600
368
390
401-450
395
401-450
396
401-450

Country/Territory

2011 rank

361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381=
381=
383
384
385=
385=
387
388
389
390
391
392
393=
393=
395
396=
396=
398
399
400

Institution

2012 rank

QS World University Rankings 2012/13: Top 500

SCORE

33.5
33.5
33.3
33.3
33.2
33.1
33.0
33.0
33.0
33.0
32.9
32.9
32.9
32.8
32.8
32.6
32.6
32.5
32.5
32.4
32.1
32.1
32.1
32.0
32.0
32.0
31.9
31.9
31.8
31.7
31.6
31.6
45.4 265 31.5
98.0 28 31.5
8.6 301+ 31.4
22.1 301+ 31.4
79.6 106 31.4
7.1 301+ 31.4
20.5 301+ 31.3
12.4 301+ 31.3

SIZE

FOCUS

RESEARCH
INTENSITY

AGE

Legend

XL Very Large
L Large
M Medium
S Small

FC Fully Comprehensive
CO Comprehensive
FO Focused
SP Specialist

VH Very High
HI High
MD Moderate
LO Limited or None

5 - Historic (> 100 years)


4 - Mature (< 100 years)
3 - Established (< 50 years)
2 - Young (< 25 years)
1 - New (< 10 years)

www.qs.com

QS World University Rankings 2012/13

13

SIZE

FOCUS

RES.

AGE

M
XL
M
M
L
L
XL
M
L
M
S
L
XL
L
M
M
M
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
XL
L
L
L
M
M
XL
L
M
L
XL
L
XL
XL
L
XL
L
L
XL
L
L
L
L
XL
L
XL

CO
CO
FC
CO
FC
FC
FC
FO
FO
CO
FO
FC
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
FC
FO
FC
FC
FO
CO
FC
FC
FC
FO
CO
FC
CO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
FC
SP
CO
FC
CO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO

VH
LO
MD
VH
HI
HI
HI
HI
VH
VH
VH
MD
VH
VH
VH
VH
HI
VH
HI
HI
VH
MD
HI
HI
VH
HI
MD
HI
VH
VH
HI
VH
VH
HI
VH
HI
HI
LO
HI
HI

4
4
2
3
3
5
5
5
4
5
5
3
5
5
3
4
2
5
5
5
5
5
4
4
2
5
3
4
4
4
5
3
4
3
4
5
5
4
5
3
5
5
4
3
5
5
5
5
5
4

VH
HI
VH
VH
VH
VH
HI
VH
HI

Aberystwyth University
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Ateneo de Manila University
Auckland University of Technology
Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB)
Bangor University
Beijing Institute of Technology
Chang Gung University
City University of New York
Dublin Institute of Technology (DIT)
Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Johannes Kepler Universitt Linz (JKU)
Middle East Technical University
Nankai University
National Sun Yat-sen University
National Taiwan Normal University
Northeastern University
Okayama University
Politcnica de Madrid
Rutgers - The State University of New Jersey
Sun Yat-sen University
Swinburne University of Technology
Syracuse University
Technische Universitt Dortmund
The Catholic University of Korea
Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Tongji University
Universidad de Antioquia
Universidad de Granada
Universidad de Salamanca
Universidad de Santiago de Chile (USACH)
Universidad Nacional de Crdoba
Universidad ORT Uruguay
Universidade de Santiago de Compostela
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
Universit Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
Universit degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Universit degli Studi di Trento
Universitat de Valencia
Universitt Duisburg-Essen
Universit Montpellier 1
University of Alabama
University of Crete
University of Limerick (UL)
University of Nebraska
University of Oklahoma
University of Vermont
Ural Federal University
Wuhan University
Xiamen University

GB
GR
PH
NZ
ID
GB
CN
TW
US
IE
CN
AT
TR
CN
TW
TW
US
JP
ES
US
CN
AU
US
DE
KR
JP
CN
CO
ES
ES
CL
AR
UY
ES
BR
IT
IT
IT
ES
DE
FR
US
GR
IE
US
US
US
RU
CN
CN

Classification

401-450
451-500
360=
451-500
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
501-550
401-450
401-450
451-500
451-500
401-450
451-500
451-500
451-500
401-450
501-550
501-550
401-450
501-550
501-550
451-500
451-500
551-600
451-500
401-450
501-550
501-550
401-450
451-500
451-500
401-450
501-550
401-450
451-500
451-500
401-450
401-450
451-500
451-500
451-500
551-600

Country/Territory

451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500
451-500

Institution

2011 rank

FI
SA
AE
TR
AU
US
US
GB
CN
US
IN
MY
PL
DE
AU
TW
PK
US
GB
DE
IT
CO
KR
CN
CN
ZA
OM
GB
NL
JP
AR
ES
BR
PT
IT
IT
IT
ID
FR
CA
FR
US
IN
CA
US
US
CA
PT
US
CA

2012 rank

Abo Akademi University


Al-Imam Mohamed Ibn Saud Islamic University
American University of Sharjah
Bilkent University
Deakin University
Drexel University
Florida State University
Goldsmiths, University of London
Harbin Institute of Technology
Illinois Institute of Technology
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IITR)
International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM)
Jagiellonian University
Leibniz Universitt Hannover
Murdoch University
National Central University
NUST Islamabad
Oregon State University
Oxford Brookes University
Philipps-Universitt Marburg
Politecnico di Torino
Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Pusan National University
Renmin (Peoples) University of China
Shanghai University
Stellenbosch University
Sultan Qaboos University
Swansea University
Tilburg University
Tokyo Metropolitan University
Universidad Nacional de La Plata
Universidad Politecnica de Valencia
Universidade Federal de So Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Universit degli Studi di Firenze (UNIFI)
Universit degli Studi di Pavia (UNIPV)
Universit degli Studi di Torino (UNITO)
Universitas Gadjah Mada
Universit de Lorraine
Universit du Qubec
Universit Panthon-Assas (Paris 2)
University of Delaware
University of Delhi
University of Guelph
University of Kansas
University of Kentucky
University of Manitoba
University of Porto
University of Tennessee
York University

QS World University Rankings 2012/13: Top 500

Classification

501-550
551-600
601+
401-450
401-450
451-500
401-450
401-450
378
401-450
451-500
393
451-500
501-550
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
359
451-500
501-550
401-450
401-450
451-500
401-450
377
401-450
401-450
401-450
451-500
451-500
401-450
401-450
360=
384
451-500
342
451-500
451-500
501-550
451-500
398
401-450
401-450
383
397
401-450
391
364

Country/Territory

2011 rank

401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450
401-450

Institution

2012 rank

QS World University Rankings 2012/13: Top 500

SIZE

FOCUS

RES.

AGE

M
XL
M
M
L
M
L
M
XL
M
XL
L
L
L
M
L
L
L
XL
M
XL
L
L
L
M
M
XL
XL
XL
XL
L
XL
S
L
XL
XL
XL
L
XL
XL
L
L
L
M
L
L
M
XL
XL
XL

CO
FC
FC
CO
CO
FC
FO
FO
CO
CO
FC
CO
CO
FC
CO
CO
CO
FC
SP
CO
FC
CO
CO
CO
FC
FO
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
CO
FO
CO
FC
CO
FC
CO
FC
FC
FO
CO
FC
FC
CO
FC
FC
CO
FC
FC

HI
HI
LO
HI
MD
HI
VH
VH
VH
HI
VH
HI
VH
VH
VH
HI
VH
HI

5
4
5
2
4
5
4
3
5
3
4
3
4
4
3
4
5
5
3
4
4
5
5
3
5
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
5
5
4
5
4
5
3
5
5
3
3
5
5
5
4
5
4

HI
VH
HI
HI
VH
VH
VH
VH
MD
HI
HI
MD
HI
LO
VH
HI
VH
VH
VH
HI
HI
VH
VH
HI
HI
VH
VH
VH
MD
VH
HI

Due to space constraints the names of some universities have been abbreviated to their acronym or to a shorter version of the full official name.
To see the full results visit www.topuniversities.com

14

QS World University Rankings 2012/13

www.qs.com

HISTORY IN
THE MAKING
UCC researcher Dr Andy Wheeler plumbs
the depths to lead marine expeditions.
And discovered an uncharted field of
hydrothermal vents in the mid Atlantic
ridge. Teaching us about how life has
evolved on earth. Another example of our
tradition of independent thinking.
To see how far it can take you
go to www.ucc.ie

Subjective intangibles:
the case for QS reputational
surveys
Colombia University professor Paul Thurman is a leading data analyst and
a member of the QS Academic Advisory Board. He discusses the rankings
distinctive blend of qualitative and quantitative data.

he cornerstone of QS World University


Rankings is its distinctive surveys of the
worlds academics and graduate recruiters,
expanded this year to encompass the views of
some 70,000 respondents. While some may
conjecture that blending objective data with
opinion is risky, there are three major reasons
why this is a preferred approach.

likely create more questionable inferences and,


possibly, university application and matriculation errors.

The approach of properly blending both


objective/quantitative data and subjective (yet
informed) opinion data is not only well-documented in market research literature but also
reflects the way our consumers think, feel, and
First, objective measurements, while valuable, behave when it comes to choosing a university.
do not capture the entire variance of university Thus, QS supply matches its markets demand
quite nicely, using sound statistical principles
performance. The subjective intangibles (but
that have been established for well over 50 years.
not unmeasurables) - such as how academics and employers feel about a universityare
critical components to understanding the com- Growing stability
Observing the development of the QS
plete picture and to forming comprehensive
World University Rankings over time, a strikcomparisons among complex institutions.
ing feature is the longitudinal stability of the
rankings; that is, how consistent the rankings
Second, while it is true that subjective
have become from year to year. In fact, our
measuresor in the worst case, uneducated
analyses indicate that, among the major rankopinionscan adversely color ones view of
an event, if enough educated opinions are col- ings/ratings methodologies that are available
to students, academics, and employers, the QS
lected, and they do not vary that much, then
we have to conclude that either (a) all of these World University Rankings are among the
people have colluded to think a certain way, or, most stable and consistent over time, with
volatility decreasing consistently every year.
(b) the relatively large-scale opinion held by
In 2011 the average year-on-year movement
this many people just cant be all that wrong.
Given that the QS World University Rankings of universities within the top 100 of the
rankings was 5.9 places. In 2012,
have benefitted, again, from record response
the figure is just 4.6.
rates, the latter causal argument is likely the
case.
But why is
this? Is this
Third, lets face itthese rankings arent
consistency or
about the rankers. Theyre about the consumlack of wobble
ers of the rankings, and in the case of the QS
over time a funcexercise these consumers are primarily internationally mobile students. Just like sports fans, tion of our math
who form opinions and allegiances based on a the proprietary calculus
behind our rankings calcombination of hard facts (stats, percentages,
culations or is this due to
and the like) and more subjective measurements (opinions of coaches, managers, owners, something more exogenous,
facilities, etc.), so, too, do the consumers of uni- or outside our spreadsheets,
statistics packages, and
versity rankings information. To exclude such
insightsespecially from another key rankings algorithms?
customer segment, the employerswould

16

QS World University Rankings 2012/13

Since QS World University Rankings has the


largest sample size of any rankings organization,
this is clearly one reason why our rankings move
less over time. The more pitches you see as a
batter, the better and more consistent or less
variableyou become. However, even if we
account for this statistically, why do we still see
more consistency in our rankings year-over-year?
We contend that it is precisely our use of
information beyond the cold facts of facultystudent ratios, citations, etc. that create not
only more stable but also simply more useful
rankings. These subjective intangibles give a
university its true character or look and feel
much in the same way an in-person interview
helps us learn more about a person than just
his or her test scores, GPA, or IQ. And, ironically, the ones we capture in the QS World
University Rankings tend to be some of their
most stable elements, not necessarily the ratios
and objective measures.
A recent addition to the QS offerings, QS
Stars, is a terrific example of both of these key
points in action. This ratings program, which
universities are encouraged to participate in
with QS, allows them to effectively benchmark themselves on
a number of key
quantitative and
qualitative dimensions.

These dimensions range from the basic career


services support and research faculty presence
to more contemporary assessments focused on
issues such as community engagement,
innovation and how
globally diverse (and
mobile) the students
and faculty are.

ency, in the case of the QS World University


Rankingsand our new QS Stars offering
we have seen exactly the opposite: a consistent, long-term view of
the true character and
look-and-feel of leading
universities and of their
programs. And for that,
we thank the people
who really made it happen: YOU!

Bottom line - at
QS, we have not
only created
the most robust,
large samplesize rankings
database, but we
have built one that
is consistent and
stable over time.

As we have rolled
this product out in
2012, we continue to
see the same outcomes
as we have in our longstanding QS World
University Rankings:
QS Stars participants
benefit greatly from
qualitative insights into
their programs and
especially those from
current and prospective
students who continue
to be more geographically, ethnically, and
culturally diverse and
mobile. Again, while
one might think that
such diversity would dictate high variability in
outcomes, we again see exactly the opposite
with this more comprehensive rating system.

Bottom lineat QS, we have not only


created the most robust, large sample-size
rankings database, but we have built one that
is consistent and stable over time. And we
have done this not with uber-sophisticated
supercomputers and statistical algorithms
built internally but though the focused,
mobile, internationally diverse reader and
user input from you, our audience. Our
clients. Our customers. Not our statisticians
or sales force!
And in a world where subjectivity often
leads to large variability and lack of consist-

www.qs.com

INNOVATIVE
THINKING
FOR THE
REAL WORLD
At the University of Central Lancashire (UCLan) we are continually enhancing
our standing as a leading, student-focused, higher education institution whose
graduates are superbly equipped to thrive in the global economy. We provide
outstanding teaching for outstanding students, backed up by world-leading
research with real world impact. With our culture of innovation and enterprise,
we aim to help todays raw talent become tomorrows skilled workforce.
The last UK-wide Research Assessment Exercise highlighted 17 areas of our
research as world-leading or of international significance. Our researchers
collaborate with experts across the world from space scientists at NASA, through
to nanotechnologists in Shenzhen. Working with deaf communities in Africa
and Asia and improving midwifery and stroke care across the globe are just some
of the ways our researchers are tackling real world issues.

Visit our website to find out more:


www.uclan.ac.uk

QS rankings since 2004:


changes to the global order
Martin Ince looks back over nine years of QS World University Rankings to
see what we can learn about the state of global higher education.

S Quacquarelli Symonds has been


ranking the worlds top universities
since 2004. In the intervening years, we have
improved the way we do things and the scale
on which we operate. But the rankings have
remained sufficiently consistent over time to
allow a direct comparison between 2004 and
2012.
As the table shows, the worlds top universities in 2004 are still pretty good.

ally minded students, employers and research


organisations (with the exception of a few
excellent institutions that either do not offer
undergraduate programs, or specialize in too
narrow a range of academic disciplines).
Despite this growth in our scope and ambition, we have been careful to stay consistent in
the way we measure the worlds top universities. In 2004, we used just five measures to do
so, focusing then as now on criteria that would
help ambitious students to find the university
they need.

each university. One involves surveying five


years of academic citations for papers produced
there. We look at the number of citations per
academic staff member, so as to give potential
students an idea of the density of academic
firepower on campus. We measure international
staff and student numbers, to see whether
universities are internationally attractive to the
brightest people. And we add staff/student ratio
to see whether universities have enough people
to teach their students.

Throughout their existence, and in common


with other rankings, the QS World University
Institution
2004 2012
Rankings have shown that the leading US
Of these, the most remarked-upon was the
Harvard
1 3
and UK institutions are also the worlds top
academic
survey,
not
least
because
it
accounted
Berkeley
2 22
universities. But in 2004, we also found that
for
half
the
possible
score
for
the
universities
MIT
3 1
Caltech
4 10
the worlds top 200 institutions were in 29
we measured. Although some observers never
Oxford
5 5
nations and territories. This year, our top 200
have got to like it, we regard it as a simple and
Cambridge
6 2
come from 31 countries and over 70 nations
robust approach to uncovering good universiStanford
7 15
are represented in our total ranking of 700
ties.
At
the
beginning,
it
simply
involved
asking
Yale
8 7
institutions. This diversity reassures us about the
people
to
name
the
top
universities
in
the
fields
Princeton
9 9
ETH Zurich
10
13
validity of our approach. It also suggests that
they knew about. They could choose between
science, biomedicine, technology, the social sci- academic excellence is spread throughout the
ences, and the arts and humanities. In year one, world. This means that although many users
The big loser is plainly the University of
of the rankings cross time zones to further
we asked 1,300 people.
California at Berkeley, the victim of a comtheir studies, they can also use them to make
paratively poor faculty/student ratio and low
Now the survey has grown dramatically, draw- sure that a nearby university is taken seriously
attractiveness for international faculty and
around the world.
ing on over 46,000 respondents in 2012. It also
students. But its departure from the top ten
asks more questions, about national as well as
does little to reduce the dominance of CaliDespite their overall stability, there have been
local favourites and about detailed subject areas.
fornia, the Northeastern US and South East
some changes to the rankings over time. We
England at the top of these rankings. Seven of
now use a new, more comprehensive source of
In addition, the 2012 rankings have one
2004s top ten have retained this status, being
citations data, having switched from Thomson
joined in 2012 by University College London, measure that began in 2005 and has grown in
Imperial College London and the University of strength since. This is our survey of employers, Reuters to Scopus Elsevier. More importantly,
with data this year from over 25,000 individu- we now calculate and display the results using
Chicago, the only geographical outlier in this
a proportional method called the Z-score, not
als active in graduate recruitment.
company.
in arithmetical order as we did in 2004. This
smoothes out the effect of extreme performers.
Between them, these two surveys offer a
The rankings for 2004 provided an analysis
of just 200 universities, from Harvard at the top unique insight into the universities where the best In 2004, when Harvard was top, Berkeley was
second with a score of 88%. In other words, the
to Rennslaer Polytechnic Institute in last place. research and scholarship go on, and where recruiters are happiest with the graduates they hire. gap between the top two made up 12% of all
Now we provide information on over 700
the possible variation between every univerinstitutions. Data on academic citations suggests
We support these indicators with four others sity on Earth. The Z-score approach cures this
that this group encompasses essentially all the
problem.
that add up to half of the potential score for
world-class universities of interest to globWhere are they now?

www.qs.com

QS World University Rankings 2012/13

19

The deeper
rankings that we
publish today
allow us to
see excellence
across Asia, Latin
America, Eastern
Europe and other
areas of the world
which does not
emerge from a
smaller listing.
But these changes to the rankings over time
are less important than the growing sophistication with which we produce them. The
rankings are now supported by a deep database
of information on the worlds universities and
by experts within and around QS who know
how to interpret it. This gives us a high level of
confidence in their validity.
Perhaps because of their stability, the rankings contain some common themes through
time. Looking beyond the Anglo-American
dominance of the top spots, ETH Zurich is
consistently the top university in continental
Europe, 10th in 2004 and 13th now. The Ecole
Normale Suprieure in Paris is always the top
French institution, 27 in 2004 and 34 today.
The top German institution is always more
modestly placed: Heidelberg in 47th place in

20

QS World University Rankings 2012/13

2012, and the top-ranked


Chinese institution,
Peking University, has
collapsed from 17 in
the world to 44.

2004
and the
Technical University
of Munich 53rd in
2012. Australia is consistently well-represented,
with the Australian National University leading
the pack at 16 in 2004 and 24 here.

The deeper rankings that we publish


today allow us to see
excellence across Asia,
Latin America, Eastern
Europe and other areas
of the world which does
not emerge from a smaller
listing. It shows rising higher
education ambitions in the Middle
East, where King Saud University is
now a top-200 institution and many others are
close behind. We hope that the rankings will
continue to supply insights such as these for
many years to come.

The story becomes more interesting in Asia.


In 2004, the top 200 contained 23 Asian institutions, led by University of Tokyo at number
12 and dominated by six Japanese and six
Chinese entrants. The National University of
Singapore, 18 in 2004 and 25 today, has been
well-placed throughout.
Since 2004, Hong Kong University (23 this
year) has replaced University of Tokyo, now in
30th place, as the top Asian university. However, there has also been a general rise in Asian
visibility in these rankings. South Korea has six
top-200 institutions, up from three in 2004,
and the best placed, Seoul National University,
has risen from 118 in 2004 to 37 today. National Taiwan University has risen from 102 to
80 and has been joined by a second Taiwanese
university, National Tsinghua (ranked 192).
However, there is little sign here of China
taking over the world. Its six top-200 universities of 2004 have grown to just seven in

www.qs.com

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Academics give their verdict:


reputational rankings
by faculty area
By Danny Byrne

ince 2005 QS has published reputational


rankings in five core faculty areas as a
companion to the overall QS World University
Rankings.
These rankings are based entirely on the
responses of the QS academic reputation
survey, which this year drew on the views of a
record 48,000 academics worldwide. As such,
they offer an undiluted insight into the expert
views of the global academic community, who
were asked to identify the universities that are
currently producing world-leading research
within their field and region of expertise. They
are distinct from the QS World University
Rankings by Subject, now published annually,
which cover 29 individual disciplines using a
combination of three indicators.
The rationale behind the survey is simple: academics are by definition those
best qualified to judge the quality
of research within their field of
expertise. Whereas citations
operate at an inevitable
time lag, surveying
informed opinion
in this way means
we are receptive
to year-on-year
developments
within a given
field. Another
advantage is
the disciplineindependent
nature of the
survey, weighing all disciplines equally
in a way in that
citations alone do
not. The results are
adjusted to counteract any distorting

22

QS World University Rankings 2012/13

effect caused by differences in response levels


by country.
Reputation by faculty area provides a complementary perspective to the overall rankings.
Interestingly, whereas Harvard University is
ranked third once the other five indicators are
added to the equation, in terms of academic
reputation it heads the field. As well as ranking
number one in the survey overall, Harvard
comes top in four of the five faculty areas: arts
and humanities, life sciences and medicine, natural sciences, and social sciences and management. MIT retains its now customary number
one spot for engineering and technology.
As was the case in the 2011 QS World University
Rankings

by Subject, the performance of University


of California, Berkeley is far stronger than in
the overall rankings, reflecting its undoubted
strength in research. Berkeley makes the top
ten in all of the five faculty areas, ranking as
high as second in engineering and technology.
Berkeley is the third best-performing university in the survey as a whole, behind Harvard
and Cambridge, with the rest of the top ten
made up by Oxford, Stanford, MIT, University of Tokyo, UCLA, National University of
Singapore, and Yale.
Specialist institutions, naturally disadvantaged
by the comprehensive nature of the overall
rankings, also come to the fore at faculty level.
London School of Economics ranks 4th in its
specialist field of social sciences and management, while California Institute of Technology makes the top five in engineering and
technology. The prominence of Johns
Hopkins University as an internationally recognized center of biomedical research is reflected in its
fifth-placed ranking in life
sciences and medicine.
Other noteworthy
performances from
specialist institutions
include Georgia Institute of
Technology (12th
in engineering
and technology),
Delft University of
Technology (18th
in engineering
and technology),
Tokyo Institute of
Technology (19th in
engineering and technology), and Karolinska
Institute (20th in life
sciences and medicine).

www.qs.com

A key point of divergence with the overall


results is the greater geographic diversity of
institutions judged to be producing worldclass work at faculty level. This year we have

Global mobility
of students and
academics means
competition to
produce cuttingedge research
grows more
intense each year.

ranked the top 400 universities in each of the


five faculty areas (the top 50 of which are
printed here full listings are available at www.
topuniversities.com). Whereas the overall top
400 universities are spread over 45 countries,
this total is exceeded in all of the faculty areas.
A remarkable 53 countries are represented in
the top 400 for arts and humanities, followed
by engineering and technology (50), social sciences and management (49), life sciences (48),
and natural sciences (47).
Global mobility of students and academics
means competition to produce cutting-edge
research grows more intense each year. Whereas
the overall top ten is dominated by Anglophone
comprehensive universities that are strong
in a range of disciplines, there are numerous

www.qs.com

examples of institutions outside of this traditional power nexus that prove themselves to be
world-leading in a given field. For example, in
the strategically important field of engineering
and technology a key battleground for governments worldwide there are five different
countries represented in the top ten: the US,
UK, Japan, Switzerland, and Singapore.
The advantage of universities whose primary
language is English is diluted at a faculty-area
level. Switzerlands ETH Zurich is consistently
the best-performing non-Anglophone institution in the overall rankings (placed 13th this
year), and it makes the top ten in engineering
and technology (8), and life sciences and medicine (9). However, in terms of overall academic
reputation it is surpassed by Japans University
of Tokyo, which places 7th in the survey overall
and makes the top ten in engineering and
technology (7), life sciences and medicine (9),
and natural sciences (9).

reputation. A similar reversal in the overall order


is seen in Australia. University of Melbourne
finishes ahead of ANU, ranking 16th overall in
the survey. However, ANU ranks first nationally
in three of the five faculty areas.
Chinas recent investments in research at
its leading universities are well documented,
and though the survey provides no evidence
of their imminent assumption of world
dominance, progress is nonetheless apparent.
Tsinghua University is regarded as a world
leader in engineering and technology, in which
it ranks 11th, while Peking University makes
the top 20 in natural sciences (17) and arts and
humanities (19).

Continental European universities (ETH


aside) have continued to struggle to break into
the upper echelons of the overall rankings this
year, yet in the faculty area rankings there are
top-20 performances from institutions from
France, Netherlands, Sweden and Switzerland.
Whereas just three non-Anglophone univer- Germanys best performance comes from Technische Universitt Mnchen (21 in engineersities make the top 30 in the overall ranking and technology), Humboldt-Universitt
ings (ETH, Ecole Polytechnique Fdrale de
Lausanne and University of Tokyo), this total is zu Berlin (22 in arts and humanities), and
exceeded in all of the faculty areas except social Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitt Mnchen (23
in natural sciences).
sciences and management. Again, engineering and technology is the most internationally
Despite not having a single university in the
competitive field, with nine non-Anglophone
institutions making the top 30, though the total top 200 in the overall rankings, Indias concerted focus on engineering and technology
is matched in natural sciences. Seven instituis reflected in the appearance of IIT Bombay
tions make the top 30 for arts and humanities,
four for life sciences and medicine, and just two in the top 50. And Latin Americas growing
for social sciences and management, a field still prominence within international higher education sees top-40 rankings for Universidad de
dominated by the US and UK.
Buenos Aires (37 in arts and humanities, 39 in
social sciences and management) and UniversiWhereas University of Toronto is seconddad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico (40 in arts
placed to McGill nationally in the overall
and humanities).
rankings, its research output is prodigious, with
Scopus data showing that it produced a greater
volume of cited research than any other university in the past year. Perhaps unsurprisingly then,
it ranks ahead of its national rival for academic

QS World University Rankings 2012/13

23

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Risk. Reinsur ance. Human Resources

QS has been now publishing the QS World University Rankings for the last nine years. QS Stars is a
complementary companion to rankings a rating system that facilitates the evaluation of universities across a much
broader range of criteria and in relation to established thresholds rather than the performance of other institutions.
The objectives are to allow institutions to shine, irrespective of their size, shape and mission and to shine a light on
excellence that may otherwise remain in the shade. QS Stars are awarded based on the universitys performance in an
extensive audit. Over 30 criteria contribute towards the overall assessment, grouped into ten categories:
Research, Employability, Teaching, Facilities, Internationalization, Innovation, Engagement, Access, Culture and
the institutions standing in specialist subjects.
QS Stars are awarded both overall and for each of these subcategories, enabling institutions that are strong overall
to demonstrate their strength in the round and institutions that do less well overall to highlight their strengths in
key areas.

27 countries represented among the 132


institutions that have been evaluated by QS Stars:
Australia
Canada
Ecuador
Indonesia
Iran
Ireland
Italy
Jordan
Lithuania
Mexico
Russia

Saudi Arabia
South Korea
Spain
Sweden
Taiwan
Thailand
Turkey
UK
US
Vietnam

Bertil Andersson President, Nanyang


Technological University, Singapore
NTU is a relatively young university,
which has been developing rapidly in
the last few years. The current ranking
from QS is an affirmation that NTU
today has a high international standing.
The new QS Stars rating system further
recognizes NTUs strengths as a worldclass university across a broader set of
criteria than can be measured in any
ranking system and provides valuable
information for our many stakeholders
- current students, prospective students,
parents, teachers, employers, fellow
academics and our local community.

Jennie Lang Pro-Vice-Chancellor UNSW International, University of


New South Wales, Australia

Edilio Mazzoleni Head of Operations


- International Office, Universit
Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy

Ailsa Lamont Executive Director


- International, RMIT University,
Australia

From now on all of our promotional


material, our website, and our
publications, will include the QS
Stars rating alongside the Australian
governments ERA analysis
Compared to an international ranking,
QS Stars offers more of a framework
for benchmarking. Its something where
criteria that are important can be
measured over time, not just with our
colleagues in Australia but with likeminded
universities anywhere in the world, and
thats what really attracted us.
I think most universities will use QS
Stars. Increasingly, discerning students
who are much more knowledgeable
about their opportunities, say show
me the evidence. I sense that this is
what the future is going to be - students
wanting us not just to make assertions,
but to back them up.

QS Stars is a mechanism for us


to project our specific strengths to
the world. It has given us a better
understanding of what are our
weaknesses, as well as our strengths,
within the university.

QS Stars actually drills down to further


detail, which will give students the
choice to compare us more usefully with
other institutions
We can use it to highlight the many
diverse areas of strength that we have,
and it will help us with our planning in
areas such as branding, positioning, and
telling us which areas to focus on.

Forwww.qs.com
more information please visit: www.iu.qs.com orQSemail
jason@qs.com
World University Rankings 2012/13 25

Reputational Rankings by Faculty Area


arts & humanities

2012
rank

2011
rank

Institution

Country/Territory

Overall

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

1
2
3
4
5
7
6
8
10
9
12
11
13
15
14
20
17
19
18
16
22
27
25
23
21
30
28
26
34
24
38
29
36
35
39
31
51
32
37
50
42
43
41
40
45
33
49
44
47
53

Harvard University
University of Oxford
University of Cambridge
University of California, Berkeley (UCB)
Yale University
Stanford University
Princeton University
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
Columbia University
University of Chicago
National University of Singapore (NUS)
The University of Tokyo
Australian National University (ANU)
New York University (NYU)
University of Toronto
UCL (University College London)
Universit Paris-Sorbonne (Paris IV)
University of Edinburgh
Peking University
University of Michigan
The University of Melbourne
Humboldt-Universitt zu Berlin
University of Hong Kong (HKU)
The University of Sydney
Cornell University
Freie Universitt Berlin
Kyoto University
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Universit Paris 1 Panthon-Sorbonne
University of Pennsylvania
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitt Mnchen
McGill University
University of Texas at Austin
King's College London (KCL)
Ruprecht-Karls-Universitt Heidelberg
University of British Columbia
Universidad de Buenos Aires
Duke University
Leiden University
Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico (UNAM)
The University of Manchester
Seoul National University (SNU)
University of Amsterdam
London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)
National Taiwan University (NTU)
Brown University
Fudan University
Monash University
The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK)
University of Wisconsin-Madison

United States
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
Singapore
Japan
Australia
United States
Canada
United Kingdom
France
United Kingdom
China
United States
Australia
Germany
Hong Kong
Australia
United States
Germany
Japan
United States
France
United States
Germany
Canada
United States
United Kingdom
Germany
Canada
Argentina
United States
Netherlands
Mexico
United Kingdom
South Korea
Netherlands
United Kingdom
Taiwan
United States
China
Australia
Hong Kong
United States

100.0
97.7
95.2
85.4
79.6
74.3
73.1
69.4
69.1
65.4
59.4
58.7
58.3
56.4
55.6
54.6
54.1
53.6
53.5
53.1
52.6
50.8
48.8
48.7
47.9
47.0
46.6
46.3
46.0
45.7
45.1
44.3
42.5
42.0
42.0
41.1
41.1
41.0
41.0
40.7
39.9
39.6
39.2
39.2
38.8
38.4
38.3
38.3
38.0
37.8

SCORE

26

QS World University Rankings 2012/13

www.qs.com

engineering & technology

2012
rank

2011
rank

Institution

Country/Territory

Overall

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
11
10
13
12
14
15
19
16
18
20
17
29
28
24
27
21
23
22
26
25
35
30
33
31
37
32
36
38
34
39
40
43
45
53
47
46
42
41
48
49
44

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)


Stanford University
University of California, Berkeley (UCB)
University of Cambridge
California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
Imperial College London
The University of Tokyo
ETH Zurich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology)
National University of Singapore (NUS)
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Tsinghua University
Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech)
University of Oxford
Carnegie Mellon University
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
University of Michigan
Harvard University
Delft University of Technology
Tokyo Institute of Technology
Kyoto University
Technische Universitt Mnchen
Ecole Polytechnique Fdrale de Lausanne (EPFL)
University of Texas at Austin
KAIST - Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
University of Toronto
Princeton University
The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST)
Nanyang Technological University (NTU)
Cornell University
Rheinisch-Westflische Technische Hochschule Aachen
The University of Melbourne
Seoul National University (SNU)
Purdue University
Shanghai Jiao Tong University
The University of Manchester
Ecole Polytechnique ParisTech
National Taiwan University (NTU)
Peking University
The University of New South Wales (UNSW)
The University of Sydney
University of California, San Diego (UCSD)
University of Hong Kong (HKU)
KTH, Royal Institute of Technology
UCL (University College London)
Technische Universitt Berlin
McGill University
University of British Columbia
Politecnico di Milano
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB)
Australian National University (ANU)

United States
United States
United States
United Kingdom
United States
United Kingdom
Japan
Switzerland
Singapore
United States
China
United States
United Kingdom
United States
United States
United States
United States
Netherlands
Japan
Japan
Germany
Switzerland
United States
South Korea
Canada
United States
Hong Kong
Singapore
United States
Germany
Australia
South Korea
United States
China
United Kingdom
France
Taiwan
China
Australia
Australia
United States
Hong Kong
Sweden
United Kingdom
Germany
Canada
Canada
Italy
India
Australia

100.0
80.2
79.3
66.5
65.8
64.5
62.8
59.9
57.4
55.2
54.8
52.8
52.7
49.7
48.9
47.3
46.1
45.3
44.5
44.1
43.6
43.1
42.7
42.4
42.4
41.7
41.7
41.3
40.6
39.2
39.0
38.9
38.9
38.0
37.7
36.1
35.9
35.6
35.1
35.1
34.2
34.1
34.0
33.1
32.9
32.5
32.2
32.2
31.8
31.7

SCORE

www.qs.com

QS World University Rankings 2012/13

27

Life sciences & medicine

2012
rank

2011
rank

Institution

Country/Territory

Overall

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
9
8
10
12
11
13
14
17
15
21
16
19
22
18
20
23
25
24
29
28
27
26
30
31
37
34
32
43
38
35
47
33
44
41
40
36
39
51
45
42
46
49
50

Harvard University
University of Cambridge
University of Oxford
Stanford University
Johns Hopkins University
University of California, Berkeley (UCB)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Yale University
The University of Tokyo
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
National University of Singapore (NUS)
Imperial College London
University of California, San Francisco (UCSF)
University of California, San Diego (UCSD)
UCL (University College London)
The University of Melbourne
Columbia University
University of Toronto
Cornell University
Karolinska Institute
The University of Sydney
Kyoto University
University of Edinburgh
King's College London (KCL)
Peking University
Duke University
University of Hong Kong (HKU)
University of Washington
McGill University
ETH Zurich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology)
University of Pennsylvania
The University of Queensland (UQ)
University of Michigan
University of British Columbia
The University of Manchester
Ruprecht-Karls-Universitt Heidelberg
Princeton University
National Taiwan University (NTU)
Monash University
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitt Mnchen
Seoul National University (SNU)
University of Chicago
California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
Australian National University (ANU)
Osaka University
Washington University in St. Louis
University of California, Davis (UCD)
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Tsinghua University
The University of Auckland

United States
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
Japan
United States
Singapore
United Kingdom
United States
United States
United Kingdom
Australia
United States
Canada
United States
Sweden
Australia
Japan
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
China
United States
Hong Kong
United States
Canada
Switzerland
United States
Australia
United States
Canada
United Kingdom
Germany
United States
Taiwan
Australia
Germany
South Korea
United States
United States
Australia
Japan
United States
United States
United States
China
New Zealand

100.0
82.7
78.1
68.4
64.3
61.7
60.9
59.9
59.3
58.6
56.4
54.2
54.2
49.3
49.0
46.6
45.6
44.9
44.4
43.9
43.9
43.4
43.1
41.6
41.0
40.7
39.9
39.8
38.8
38.4
37.4
36.8
35.6
35.5
35.4
35.2
35.0
34.8
34.7
34.3
34.3
34.2
32.8
32.8
32.8
32.4
32.2
31.9
31.0
30.5

SCORE

28

QS World University Rankings 2012/13

www.qs.com

natural sciences

2012
rank

2011
rank

Institution

Country/Territory

Overall

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

2
1
3
4
5
6
8
7
9
10
11
12
16
13
14
15
17
18
21
19
20
23
24
26
28
22
35
25
27
29
30
42
39
41
34
32
37
36
33
44
46
43
40
38
31
50
52
57
47
45

Harvard University
University of Cambridge
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
University of California, Berkeley (UCB)
University of Oxford
Stanford University
California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
Princeton University
The University of Tokyo
ETH Zurich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology)
Imperial College London
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
National University of Singapore (NUS)
Kyoto University
Yale University
University of Chicago
Peking University
Cornell University
University of Toronto
Australian National University (ANU)
Ecole Normale Suprieure, Paris (ENS Paris)
Columbia University
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitt Mnchen
Tsinghua University
Technische Universitt Mnchen
University of British Columbia
Seoul National University (SNU)
The University of Melbourne
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
University of Michigan
Ruprecht-Karls-Universitt Heidelberg
University of Edinburgh
UCL (University College London)
The University of Manchester
University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB)
University of California, San Diego (UCSD)
University of Texas at Austin
McGill University
The University of Sydney
University of Wisconsin-Madison
University of Hong Kong (HKU)
National Taiwan University (NTU)
Ecole Polytechnique ParisTech
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Universit Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC)
University of Bristol
Tohoku University
KAIST - Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Osaka University
Ecole Polytechnique Fdrale de Lausanne (EPFL)

United States
United Kingdom
United States
United States
United Kingdom
United States
United States
United States
Japan
Switzerland
United Kingdom
United States
Singapore
Japan
United States
United States
China
United States
Canada
Australia
France
United States
Germany
China
Germany
Canada
South Korea
Australia
United States
United States
Germany
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
United States
United States
United States
Canada
Australia
United States
Hong Kong
Taiwan
France
Russia
France
United Kingdom
Japan
South Korea
Japan
Switzerland

100.0
98.5
95.1
93.6
89.8
82.5
75.8
75.7
71.4
67.2
66.1
59.4
56.0
55.9
55.8
55.6
52.0
51.6
49.6
49.4
48.6
47.9
47.6
45.4
45.1
44.8
44.7
43.3
42.6
42.5
41.1
40.8
40.2
39.5
39.1
39.0
38.9
38.9
38.8
38.7
37.9
37.8
37.6
37.2
37.0
36.0
35.7
35.7
35.7
35.6

SCORE

www.qs.com

QS World University Rankings 2012/13

29

social sciences & management

2012
rank

2011
rank

Institution

Country/Territory

Overall

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

1
2
3
6
4
5
7
8
9
13
10
11
12
14
17
16
15
18
19
23
20
21
27
25
26
22
24
28
32
29
35
39
34
36
31
33
45
40
50
37
41
42
44
43
53
48
49
51
46
47

Harvard University
University of Oxford
Stanford University
London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)
University of California, Berkeley (UCB)
University of Cambridge
University of Chicago
Yale University
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
National University of Singapore (NUS)
Columbia University
Princeton University
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
The University of Tokyo
University of Michigan
Australian National University (ANU)
University of Pennsylvania
New York University (NYU)
The University of Melbourne
University of Hong Kong (HKU)
University of Toronto
Peking University
UCL (University College London)
The University of Sydney
Northwestern University
University of British Columbia
Cornell University
The University of Warwick
Seoul National University (SNU)
The University of Manchester
University of Wisconsin-Madison
University of Texas at Austin
Kyoto University
The University of New South Wales (UNSW)
Duke University
McGill University
The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST)
The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK)
Universidad de Buenos Aires
Monash University
University of Amsterdam
University of Edinburgh
Universit Paris 1 Panthon-Sorbonne
The University of Auckland
Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico (UNAM)
Universit Commerciale Luigi Bocconi
The University of Queensland (UQ)
Humboldt-Universitt zu Berlin
Tsinghua University
Fudan University

United States
United Kingdom
United States
United Kingdom
United States
United Kingdom
United States
United States
United States
Singapore
United States
United States
United States
Japan
United States
Australia
United States
United States
Australia
Hong Kong
Canada
China
United Kingdom
Australia
United States
Canada
United States
United Kingdom
South Korea
United Kingdom
United States
United States
Japan
Australia
United States
Canada
Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Argentina
Australia
Netherlands
United Kingdom
France
New Zealand
Mexico
Italy
Australia
Germany
China
China

100.0
76.5
76.1
75.1
75.1
73.0
66.3
65.4
64.6
61.5
61.0
58.3
57.3
53.0
51.7
51.2
50.6
49.2
48.7
46.7
44.8
43.1
42.2
41.4
41.3
41.0
39.6
39.6
38.8
38.8
37.2
37.1
37.0
36.9
36.6
36.4
35.7
35.6
34.3
34.3
34.2
34.0
33.5
33.3
33.1
33.0
32.8
32.3
32.2
32.1

SCORE

30

QS World University Rankings 2012/13

www.qs.com

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