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1.

Munro J.L. and D. Mc B. Williams, 1985


Seminar Topic: Assessment and management of Coral reef fisheries: biological,
environmental and socio-economic aspects
The Fifth International Coral. Tahiti, 27 May -1 June, 1985. Gabrie, C. and B. Salvat. 4. 545-578pp.

Ref ID

A0000003763

Author

Munro J.L. and D. Mc B. Williams

Year

1985

Title

Seminar Topic: Assessment and management of Coral reef fisheries:


biological, environmental and socio-economic aspects

Source

The Fifth International Coral. Tahiti, 27 May -1 June, 1985. Gabrie, C.


and B. Salvat. 4. 545-578pp.

Keywords

Coral reefs, ICRS, assessment, marine resources management, reef


fishery,
biological,
environmental,
socio-economic
,Natural
System,People & Livelihoods,Institutions & Governance

Caption
Abstract

Coral reefs are a dominant feature of the shallow water marine


environment in almost all areas of the tropics which are remote from
major upwellings or inflows of freshwater. Additionally, as most
tropical seas are bounded by developing countries with relatively low
levels of industrialisation, the fisheries conducted in these seas are
for the most part of an artisanal or subsistence nature. Over the years
conflicting opinions have emerged concerning the productive potential
of coral reef fisheries, mostly as a result of different perceptions of
what constitutes a desirable harvest, what fishes and invertebrates'
are to be included in the definition of a "coral reef fish" and different
opinions about the trophic ecology of the coral reef community and
the productive processes. For example, Kearney (1979) states that
the tropical reef or lagoon environments of the Pacific harbour a great
diversity of marine organisms but asserts that "the relative
productivity of marketable fish and other seafoods" is not great. In
contrast, Marten & Polovina (1982) found that "the range (of fish
yields) is similar to that for other continental shelf fisheries, despite
the higher primary productivity of coral reefs". Perceptions about
potential harvests from coral reefs have also been clouded by the idea
that coral reefs occur only in waters of low nutrient content. While it
is true that most reefs around oceanic islands or on seamounts are in
nutrient poor waters, this is not true of the waters flowing over the

nearshore and mid-shelf reefs of the Great Barrier Reef, within the
Philippines and Indonesian archipeligoes, around much of South-east
Asia or of the waters bathing the entire eastern coasts of Africa and
Central America.
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