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Lawyers are expected to abide by the tenets of morality, not only upon admission to the Bar but also

throughout their legal

career, in order to maintain one's good standing in that exclusive and honored fraternity. Good moral character is more
than just the absence of bad character. Such character expresses itself in the will to do the unpleasant thing if it is right and
the resolve not to do the pleasant thing if it is wrong. This must be so because vast interests are committed to his care; he
is the recipient of unbounded trust and confidence; he deals with his client' s property, reputation, his life, his all.
A lawyer is said to be the servant of the law and belongs to a profession to which society has entrusted the administration
of law and the dispensing of justice. For this reason, a lawyer's oath impresses upon him the responsibilities of an officer
of the court upon whose shoulders rest the grave responsibility of assisting courts in the proper, fair, speedy and efficient
administration of justice.
ndeed, if the legal profession is to achieve its basic ideal to render public service and serve the ends of justice, there is a
need to unceasingly and constantly inculcate professional standards among lawyers. As the Supreme Court in Cordon vs.
Balicanta (supra), said: If the practice of law is to remain an honorable profession and attain its basic ideal, those
enrolled in its ranks should not only master its tenets and principles, but should also in their lives accord continuing
fidelity to them.
he goal of remaining true to the ideals of the legal profession is hampered by the seemingly irresistible influence and
pressures of modern day commercialism in almost every facet of human activity and endeavor. In various cases, the
Supreme Court has denied applicant's petition to take the lawyer's oath for grave misconduct or for any serious violation
of the canons of professional responsibility which puts in question the applicant's moral character. Moreover, a reading of
the latest rulings of the highest tribunal would reveal the lawyer's utter disregard, if not disdain, for the lawyer's oath.
It cannot be overemphasized that every employee of the judiciary should be an example of integrity, uprightness and
honesty. Like any public servant, he must exhibit the highest sense of honesty and integrity not only in the performance of
his official duties but in his personal and private dealings with other people, to preserve the Courts good name and
standing. This is because the image of a court of justice is necessarily mirrored in the conduct, official or otherwise, of the
men and women who work thereat, from the judge to the least and lowest of its personnel. Thus, it becomes the imperative
sacred duty of each and every one in the court to maintain its good name and standing as a true temple of justice.
Requirement of Good Moral Character: a continuing requirement; good moral character is not only a condition
precedent for admission to the legal profession, but it must also remain intact in order to maintain ones good standing in
that exclusive and honored fraternity. (Tapucar vs. Tapucar, 1998)
1. Citizenship
2. Residence
3. Age (21 yrs +)
4. Good Moral Character
5. Education
6. Bar Examinations
7. Lawyers Oath
It should demonstrate your ability to apply the law to the given facts, and to reason logically in a lawyer-like manner to a
sound conclusion from ...
The purpose of mandaroty . Is to ensure that members of the law society meet and maintain high standards of
competency by undertaking professional developments throughout their careers

The Act provided that a member of the bar may be removed or suspended from his office as lawyer by the Supreme Court
upon conviction of a crime involving moral turpitude.[12] Subsequently, the term moral turpitude has been employed in
statutes governing disqualifications of notaries public,[13] priests and ministers in solemnizing marriages,[14] registration to
military service,[15] exclusion[16] and naturalization of aliens,[17] discharge of the accused to be a state witness,[18] admission
to the bar,[19] suspension and removal of elective local officials,[20] and disqualification of persons from running for any
elective local position.[21]
"Moral turpitude," it has been said, "includes everything which is done contrary to justice, honesty, modesty, or good
morals." (Bouvier's Law Dictionary, cited by numerous courts.) Although no decision can be found which has decided the
exact question, it cannot admit of doubt that crimes of this character involve moral turpitude. The inherent nature of the
act is such that it is against good morals and the accepted rule of right conduct.
ascertained stated:
"It is that of the reasonable man. He is not to be confused with
the rational man . He is not expected to reason about everything
and his judgment may be largely a matter of feeling."12
Immorality then, in its simplest sense and for the purpose of law, is
that species of conduct which is likely to harm specific individuals (Lord
Devlin's "reasonable man")

Based on the declared the policies of the Philippines as a state to uplift the standards of legal education in order to prepare
law students for advocacy, counseling, problem-solving, and decision-making, to infuse in them the ethics of the legal
profession; and to impress on them the importance, nobility and dignity of the legal profession as an equal and
indispensable partner of the Bench in the administration of justice and to develop social competence, the Legal Education
Board created by the law was tasked to undertake appropriate reforms in the legal education system, require proper
selection of law students, maintain quality among law schools, and require legal apprenticeship and continuing legal

Duty towards the Colleagues : Lawyers have certain professional responsibilities towards his colleagues, no matter
whether they are associates, senior or junior, or lawyers of the opposite litigating party. Lawyers should always be
respectful to each other and should maintain a healthy working environment both in the chamber and in the court
premises. It is against professional ethics to criticize the efficiency of other colleague lawyers or to speak ill about them in
In conclusion, I repeat that there is no harm in lawyers becoming politically active. However, the political agenda of real
lawyers should never ever undermine their professional image. Legal profession in Bangladesh today is in dire need of
real lawyers - the professional lawyers, who would efficiently serve the court, the clients, the colleagues and the society
without there being any fear, favour or force from any political party.
Communications with client of another lawyer
PR 31 not communicate with client of another practitioner without approval
Only contact in situations of non communication by other lawyer.
Thereafter notifies other practitioner
Changing solicitors orderly transfer of documents
In all their dealings with other practitioners, practitioners should act with honesty, fairness and courtesy, and adhere
faithfully to their undertakings, in order to transact lawfully and competently the business which they undertake for their
clients in a manner that is consistent with the public interest.
Communications between lawyers.
PR 25 - reasonable care to maintain the integrity of the profession
L (in all dealings with other L) must take all reasonable care to maintain integrity and reputation of profession ensure
that communications are courteous and avoids offensive/provocative language or conduct.
Rule 8.01 - A lawyer shall not, in his professional dealings, use language which is abusive, offensive or otherwise
Rule 8.02 - A lawyer shall not, directly or indirectly, encroach upon the professional employment of another lawyer;
however, it is the right of any lawyer, without fear or favor, to give proper advice and assistance to those seeking relief
against unfaithful or neglectful counsel.
o practice law in the Philippines, one must have fulfilled the non-academic and academic requirements. For non-academic
requirements, one must be a Filipino, be at least 21 years old, be a resident of the Philippines, and have the moral and
other non-academic qualifications needed. In terms of academic requirements, one must have obtained a 4year
course undergraduate degree (with major, focus or concentration in any of the subjects of History, Economics, Political
Science, Logic, English), has obtained a Bachelor of Laws degree (or equivalent such as Juris Doctor) from a law
school recognized by the Secretary of Education. They must have also taken and passed (75% general average, with no
subject falling below 50%) the Bar Exam, taken the Attorney's Oath before the Supreme Court, signed the Roll of
Attorneys, remain in good standing with the Integrated Bar of the Philippines, and continually participates in
the Mandatory Continuing Legal Education.
The practice of law has always been regarded as a form of public trust, entrusted only to those who are fit to enjoy the
privilege.[2] Since lawyers are officers of the court and at the same time advocates of those who wish to secure
justice,[3] the State holds the important prerogatives of setting the qualifications for entry into the legal profession and
regulating the conduct of its members.[4] Thus, a high level of professionalism is expected from those who practice the
legal profession. This expectation leads to the consistent trend in the ethical rules of the profession of considering the
practice of law not as a business and where gaining livelihood is but a mere secondary consideration.[5]
Given this principle, legal service should not be traded as if it were a set of wares in the open market.[6] The practice of
law can be distinguished from that of a business by four features: 1) a duty of public service, in which emolument is a byproduct, and in which one may attain the highest eminence without making a lot of money; 2) a duty as officer of the court
to the administration of justice, which involves sincerity, integrity, and reliability; 3) a relationship with clients in the
highest fiduciary degree; and 4) a relationship with bar colleagues characterized by candor, fairness, and unwillingness to
resort to current business methods of advertising.[7] The Code of Professional Responsibility and the judicial
pronouncements on these rules bolster these distinctive features.