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Master iit academy


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PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

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Shielding constant for Ne is 4.15 and the effective nuclear charge on Na+ and F- are respectively
(A) 4.85 6.85
(B) 5.85 6.85
(C) 6.85 4.85
(D) 4.85 4.85
Electron gain enthalpy and ionization energy of an atom are a and +b eV respectively. The
electronegativity of that atom on Mulliken scale is given by
(A) a b
(B) (b a )/2
(C) a + b
(D) (a + b)/2
The atomic radii of Li is 1.23 A0 and ionic radius of Li+ is 0.76 A0. The fraction of the volume occupied by
2s electron in Li is
(A) 0.764
(B) 0.184
(C) 0.595
(D) 0.236
Photons of monochromatic light having just sufficient energy to ionize Ar-atom are incidened over the
mixture of inert gases He, Ne, Ar, Kr and Xe. The mixture will contain
(A) He, Ne gases; Ar+, Kr+, Xe+ ions
(B) He+, Ne+ ions; Ar, Kr, Xe gases
+
+
+
+
+
(C) He , Ne , Ar , Kr , Xe gases
(D) He+, Ne+, Ar+ ions and Kr, Xe gases
-1
If EA1 and EA2 for oxygen atom are -142 kJ mol and 844 kJ mol-1. The energy released to form
2 O + 2 e 2 O - will be
(A) 986
(B) 702
(C) 284
(D) 1688
Dipole moment of K+Cl- is 3.336 x 10-29 cm and it is 80 ionic in nature. The inter ionic distance between K+
and Cl- in A0 is
(A) 1.30
(B) 2.60
(C) 3.9
(D) 1.20
+
+
Bond Order for CO and NO are respectively
(A) 3.5, 3.0
(B) 2.5, 3.0
(C) 2.5, 2.5
(D) 3.0, 2.5
Bond Order for N2+ and N2- are same. Which relation is correct for N2+ and N2- ?
(A) Bond Energy of N2+ = Bond Energy of N2(B) Bond Energy of N2+ > Bond Energy of N2+
(C) Bond Energy of N2 < Bond Energy of N2
(D) Bond Energy of N2+ < > Bond Energy of N2The electron gain enthalpy of fluorine atom is 333 kJ mol-1 and dissociation energy of F2 is 158.8 kJ mol-1
Energy released during the formation of 2g F- from 2g F2 ( atomic weight = 40 )
(A) 33.3 kJ
(B) 7.94 kJ
(C) 25.36 kJ
(D) 41.24 kJ
The ionization enthalpy of Li is 5.40 eV. If ionization energy of H-atom is 13.6 eV, the effective charge
acting upon outermost shell of Li is
(A) 1.26
(B) 2.52
(C) 0.63
(D) 3.0
Which of the molecule is hypovalent but has complete octet
(A) AlCl3
(B) PH3
(C) PCl3
(D) SF4
Which of the following molecule does not possess hypervalent nature ?
(A) IF7
(B) SF4
(C) BF3
(D) SF6
The species not having same bond order is :
(A) N2+
(B) O2+
(C) NO
(D) NO+
Least basic trihalide is
(A) NF3
(B) NCl3
(C) NBr3
(D) NI3
Least acidic trihalide is
(A) BF3
(B) BCl3
(C) BBr3
(D) BI3.
During the reaction C2H4 + 3 O2 2 CO2 + 2 H2O; the hybridized state of C changes from
(A) sp2 to sp
(B) sp to sp2
(C) sp3 to sp
(D) sp to sp3
Which of the following is T shaped ?
(A) XeOF2
(B) XeO3
(C) XeOF4
(D) XeF4
Number of and double bonds in P4O10 are respectively
(A) 12, 4
(B) 6, 4
(C) 8, 2
(D) 10, 4

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Which of the following is not correct for P4O10 and P4O6 ?


(A) Both are acidic anhydride
(B) Both have sp2 hybridised P atoms
(C) Both have P O P bonds
(D) Both have six P O P bonds
A planar molecule has ABx structure with six pairs of electrons around A and one lone pair. X = ?
(A) 2
(B) 4
(C) 6
(D) 7
Among the following species identify the isostructural pairs : i)NF3 ii)NO3 iii)BF3 iv)H3O+ v)HN3
(A) iii and iii-iv
(B) i-v and ii-iii
(C) i-iv and ii-iii
(D) i-iv and iii-v
The two C atoms in CaC2 are held by which of the following bonds ?
(A) 3 bonds
(B) ionic bonds
(C) 2 , 1 bonds (D) ionic and covalent
Arrange the following in the order of increasing dipole moment
i) toluene
ii) m-dichlorobenzene
iii) o-dichlorobenzene
iv) p-dichlorobenzene
(A) i < iv < ii < iii
(B) iv < i < ii < iii
(C) iv < i < iii < ii
(D) iv < ii < i < iii
+
Among KO2, AlO2 , BaO2 and NO2 , unpaired electron is present in
(A) BaO2 and NO2+
(B) KO2, AlO2(C) KO2 only
(D) BaO2 only
Which contain both polar and non-polar bonds :
(A) NH4Cl
(B) HCN
(C) H2O2
(D) CH4
Which has sp2 hybridization ?
(A) CO2
(B) SO2
(C) N2O
(D) CO
The critical temperature of water is higher than that of O2 because the H2O molecule has
(A) fewer electrons than O2 (B) two covalent bonds
(C) V-shape
(D) dipole moment
The geometry of H2S and the type of hybrid orbitals present about the central atom in BF3 is
(A) linear ; sp
(B) trigonal planar ; sp2
(C) tetrahedral ; sp3 (D) pyramidal ; sp3
The geometry of H2S and its dipole moment are
(A) angular ; non-zero
(B) angular ; zero
(C) linear ; non-zero (D) linear ; zero
In compounds of type ECl3 ( E = B, P, As, Bi ) the angles Cl E Cl for different E are
(A) B>P=As=Bi
(B) B>P>As>Bi
(C) B<P=As=Bi
(D) B<P<As>Bi
In the compound CH2=CH-CH2-CH2-CCH, the C2-C3 bond is of the type
(A) sp sp2
(B) sp3 sp3
(C) sp sp3
(D) sp2 sp2
Molecular shape of SF4, CF4, XeF4 are
(A) the same with 2, 0 and 1 lone pair of electron respectively
(B) the same with 1, 1 and 1 lone pair of electron respectively
(C) the same with 0, 1 and 2 lone pair of electron respectively
(D) the same with 1, 0 and 2 lone pair of electron respectively
The hybridization of atomic orbitals of nitrogen in NO+2, NO3+ and NH4+ are respectively
(A) sp, sp3, sp2
(B) sp, sp2, sp3
(C) sp2, sp , sp3
(D) sp2 , sp3, sp
Amongst H2O, H2S, H2Se and H2Te, the one with the highest boiling point is
(A) H2O (H-bond)
(B) H2Te (high mol.wt)
(C) H2S (H-bond)
(D) H2Se (lower mol.wt)
2The correct order of hybridization of the central atom in NH3, [PtCl4] , PCl5, BCl3 is
(A) dsp2,dsp3,sp2,sp3
(B) sp3,dsp2,sp3d,sp2
(C) dsp2,sp2,sp3,dsp3 (D) dsp2,sp3,sp2,dsp3
The common features among CN-, CO and NO+ are
(A) bond order 3 and iso-electronic
(B) bond order 3 and weak field ligands
(C) bond order 2 and pi-acceptor
(D) isoelectronic and weak field ligands
Specify the coordination geometry around and hybridization of N and B complex of NH3 and BF3 :
(A) N : tetrahedral; sp3 B : tetrahedral ; sp3
(B) N : pyramidal; sp3 B : pyramidal ; sp3
(C) N : pyramidal; sp3 B : planar ; sp3
(D) N : pyramidal; sp3 B : tetrahedral ; sp3
The least stable amongst the following is
(A) Li(B) Be(C) B(D) CThe molecular specie that has unpaired electron is
(A) N2
(B) F2
(C) O2(D) O22The nodal plane is the -bond of ethene is located in
(A) the molecular plane
(B) plane || molecular plane (C) plane molecular plane that bisects (C-C)
at right angles
(D) plane molecular plane that contains (C-C)

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The molecule that has highest dipole moment is


(A) CH3Cl
(B) CH2Cl2
(C) CHCl3
(D) CCl4
(42) Which of the following are isoelectronic and isostructural ?
(A) NO3- ; CO32(B) SO3 ; NO3(C) ClO3-; CO32(D) CO32- ; SO3
(43) Which of the following represents the given mode of hybridization sp2 sp2 sp sp from left to right ?
(A) CH2=CH-CCH (B) CHC-CCH
(C) CH2=C=C=CH2
(D) CH2=CH-CH=CH2
(44) Total number of lone pair of electrons in XeOF4 is
(A) 0
(B) 1
(C) 2
(D) 3
(45) Which statement is correct about O2+ ?
(A) paramagnetic ; b.o < O2
(B) paramagnetic ; b.o > O2
(C) diamagnetic ; b.o < O2
(D) diamagnetic ; b.o > O2
(46) The species having maximum number of lone pair of electrons on the central atom :
(A) [ClO3](B) XeF4
(C) SF4
(D) [I3]0
(47) If the bond length of C O bond in CO is 1.128 A then what is the value of C O bond length in Fe(CO)5
(A) 1.15 A0
(B) 1.128 A0
(C) 1.72 A0
(D) 1.118 A0
(48) Specie having different bond order that of CO is
(A) NO
(B) NO+
(C) CN(D) N2
(49) Among the following the paramagnetic compound is
(A) Na2O2
(B) O3
(C) N2O
(D) KO2
(50) The percentage of p-character in the orbitals of P4 forming P-P bond is
(A) 25
(B) 33
(C) 50
(D) 75
(51) The correct statement about PH3 and NH3 is
(A) NH3 is better electron donor as lone pair of electron occupies spherical s-orbital and is less directional
(B) PH3 is better electron donor as lone pair of electron occupies sp3-orbital and is less directional
(C) NH3 is better electron donor as lone pair of electron occupies sp3-orbital and is more directional
(D) PH3 is better electron donor as lone pair of electron occupies spherical s-orbital and is less directional
More than one answer correct :
(52) Select the correct statements :
(A) I.E increases for each successive electron removal
(B) The greater increase in I.E is experienced on removal of electron from the case of noble gas
(C) End of valence electron is marked by a big jump in I.E
(D) Removal of electron from orbitals bearing lower n values is easier than from orbital having high n
Value
(53) Which of the following have electrovalent, covalent and co-ordinate bonds but not H-bond ?
(A) CaCl2.2H2O
(B) CuSO4.5H2O
(C) FeSO4.7H2O
(D) Na2SO4.10H2O
(54) Correct statement(s) about the structure of trimer of SO3 i.e., S3O9
(A) cyclic structure
(B) 2 S-S bonds
(C) 3 S-O-S bonds
2
(D) sp hybridized S ; 12 and 6 bonds
(55) Which are correct for white P molecule ?
(A) exists as P4
(B) P-P bond length = 2.21 A0
0
(C) P-P bond angle is 109 28
(D) sp3 hybridization ; tetrahedron structure
(56) Which of the following are correct about bond angles ?
(A) OSF2 < OSCl2 < OSBr2
(B) SbI3 < AsI3 < PI3
(C) PF3 < PCl3 < PBr3 < PI3
(D) NO2- < NO2 < NO2+
(57) Which of the following are correct for CO+ and N2+ ?
(A) Both have 13 electrons
(B) b.o(N2) = 2.5 ; b.o.(CO+) = 3.5
(C) Both have same M.O configuration
(D) bond length of N-N in N2+ > N2 but of CO+ < CO
(58) Which facts are correctly represented ?
(A) Bond length : NO+ < NO2+ < NO < NO(B) Bond order : NO+ > NO2+ = NO > NO+
2+
(C) Bond length : NO < NO = NO < NO
(D) Bond order : NO+ > NO2+ > NO > NO(59) In which of the following H-atom is attached on C-atom showing H-bonding ?
(A) CCl3-CH(OH)2 (B) CHCl3 in acetone
(C) CH3-CO-CH3
(D) CH3.CO.CH2.COOC2H5

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Which of the following are correct ?


(A) PH5 and BiCl5 does not exist
(B) SeF4 and CH4 have same geometry
(C) p-d bonds are present in SO2
(D) Nodal plane in -bonds of C2H4 are in molecular plane
Select the correct statements :
(A) IE1 of deuterium is more than IE1 of H
(B) maximum electron affinity exists for P
(C) maximum IE stands for He
(D) trans-pent-2-ene is polar
Select the correct statements :
(A) There are two pi bonds in N2 molecule
(B) delocalization involving sigma bonds orbitals is called hyperconjugation
(C) dipole moment of CH3F is greater than CH3Cl
(D) C2H2, CO2, SnCl2 are all linear molecules
Match the following :
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

B2
N2
O2O2

(P) paramagnetic
(Q) undergoes oxidation
(R) undergoes reduction
(S) Bond Order greater than equal to 2
(T) Mixing of s and p orbitals

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