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# SIR PADAMPAT SINGHANIA UNIVERSITY

## DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

LESSON PLAN
2014-2015
SEMESTER V
Code

ME351

Subject

Applied Thermodynamics II

C
4

## Scope and Objective of the Course:

Scope:
This course discusses steam power cycles and gas dynamics as applied to various machines and
instruments associated with thermal engineering such as boilers, condensers, nozzles and
diffusers.
Objective:
Upon completion of the course, students will have a basic understanding of:
1) Basic cycle that governs thermal power plant.
2) All the components of vapor power cycle like steam turbine, boilers, condensers, cooling
towers, nozzles and diffusers.
3) Understanding of sound speed, steady flow and normal shock waves as working fluid in the
thermal power plant has to go through with different practical situations.

(T2)

(T3)

(T4)

Heat Transfer

(R2)

Technologists

(R3)

Thermodynamics

## COURSE LECTURE PLAN:

Unit

1-2

3-9

1012

1316

1722

Unit Title

Lectures
Simple Rankine cycle, working principle,
thermodynamic analysis, limitations of Carnot cycle
as vapor cycle, principles of increasing thermal
Understanding of efficiency, effect of operating conditions on
Simple Vapour efficiency, methods of increasing the thermal
efficiency, deviation of actual cycle from theoretical
power cycle
cycle, externally irreversible cycle, efficiencies,
requirements of ideal working fluid, Binary vapour
Concepts of reheat and regeneration, regenerative
feedwater heating, carnotizing of Rankine cycle,
practical steam power cycle.
Energy balance equations with heaters, optimum
Reheat,
degree of regeneration, optimum degree of
Regeneration
regeneration.
and cogeneration
Cogeneration of power & process heat, back
pressure turbine, pass out turbine.
Problems based on efficiency, reheat and
regeneration in Rankine cycle.

Steam
Generators

## Classification of steam generator, fire tube boiler:

Nestler boiler, water tube boiler: Babcock & Wilcox
boiler, modern high pressure boilers: LaMont,
Benson, Loeffler, Velox, Once through supercritical
boiler, fluidized bed boilers.

## Boiler mountings and accessories.

Function of a condenser, elements of condensing
system, types: direct contact type & surface
Condensers
&
condensers, calculations, air removal, circulating
cooling towers
water system, Cooling towers: wet & dry cooling
towers.

Reference
Ch.2 (T2) (2.12.8, 2.10)

## Ch.2 (T1) (2.32.8)

Ch.2 (T1) (2.92.11)
Ch.2
(T1)
(2.17)
Ch2,3
(T2),
Ch2 (T1)
Ch6 (T2) (6.1,
6.2, 6.2.2, 6.3,
6.3.1,
6.4,
6.4.3,
6.4.4,
6.4.5,
6.4.6,
6.4.7, 6.5)
Ch6 (T2) (6.6)
Ch16
(T2)
(16.1-16.11)

## Principle of operation, comparison with steam Ch8 (T2)

engines, classifications, simple impulse turbine, 8.10)
Steam
turbine compounding of impulse turbine, pressure
types
compounding, velocity compounding, combination
compounding, impulse-reaction turbine, difference
between impulse & reaction turbine.
Flow of steam
Ch9 (T2)
Velocity diagrams for impulse turbine & its
through impulse
9.8)
calculations.
Need of governing, hydro mechanical speed Ch13
Governing
governing loop, simple throttle governing, nozzle (13.1,

(8.1-

(9.1-

(T2)
13.2,

2324
2528

2931
3232
3340

control governing.
Air refrigerator working on reversed Carnot cycle,
temperature limitations, Bell-Coleman cycle.
system, Mechanism of simple vapour compression
cycle, p-h chart, Types of vapour compression
cycles & related problems.
Refrigeration
Simple vapour absorption system, practical vapour
absorption system, thermodynamic requirements &
properties of absorbent, advantages of vapour
absorption system over vapour compression system,
COP of ideal vapour absorption system.
Desirable
properties
of
ideal
refrigerant,
classification, designation system for refrigerants
Classification, technical terms, working of single
Reciprocating air stage RAC, work done by single stage RAC,
compressor
multistage compression, advantages, two stage RAC
(RAC)
with intercooler, work done by two stage RAC with
intercooler.

13.5, 13.8)
Ch2 (T3) (2.72.9)
Ch4 (T3) (4.14.10)

Ch28
(T4)
(28.1-28.15)

## Notes for Reference:

Students will be given the notes prepared by faculty at the end of each unit, containing the details
of each lecture discussion.
Evaluation Pattern
Component

Syllabus

Duration
(hr/min)

Mid-Term 1

1.30 Hrs

25

Closed book

Mid-Term 2

1.30 Hrs

25

Closed book

Tutorials

55 Mins/week

40

Open/Closed book

..

10

3.00 Hrs.

100

Closed book

Attendance
Comprehensive
Exam

## 1-40 Lecture hours

Weight age

Total

200

Remarks

Tutorials:

Tutorial Hrs
01
02-04

05

06-07

Topics

Tutorial Test 1

9-10

Steam turbines

11

Tutorial Test 3

16

Problems related to
Vapour power cycle,
reheat, regeneration &
cogeneration

towers
Tutorial Test 2

15

Problem No.

## Simple Vapour power

cycle
Reheat, Regeneration
and cogeneration

08

12-14

Reference ( chapter
/Sec./Page No of Text
Book)

Problems related to
Condensers & cooling
towers
Problems related to
steam turbines

Refrigeration
Reciprocating air
compressor (RAC)
Tutorial Test 4

Problems related to
RAC & Refrigeration

Attendance:
Students must have at least 75% of attendance to appear in the evaluation components. No
student will be allowed to take the examination having shortage of attendance.

(Satish Ajmera)
Course Instructor
satish.ajmera@spsu.ac.in

(Naveen Kumar)