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Tea mosquito bug

Sc:

Helopeltis theivora

(Miridae: Heteroptera)

Brief:
http://www.teaboard.gov.in/pdf/notice/plant_protection_code.pdf

http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-features/tp-sci-tech-and-agri/control-of-mosquito-teabug/article3225644.ece

Cultural measures of control :

Eradicating the known alternate host plants in the vicinity


Trimming the low branches of shade trees
Checking weed growth
Raising trap crops/barriers, in the boundary

Biocontrol:
In case of damage, remove the affected twigs, and give a spray of biocides
cocktail of Beauveria, Pseudomonas, Verticillium/Paecilomyces, at 5 kg each per
hectare twice at 10-15 days' interval.
Intermittent spray of Panchagavya

http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=2235
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10340-009-0280-y

and

Different azadirachtin concentrations were evaluated at different doses against


the H. theivora to find out the variations of its bioefficacy.

Sixty five per cent control of infestation was achieved at 50000 ppm
azadirachtin concentration whereas 300 and 1500 ppm azadirachtin
concentrations gave less than 30% control.
Further in case of 3000 and 10000 ppm, azadirachtin concentration 30% to 43%
reduction was registered. Therefore Azadirachtin concentration and its quality
are the major criteria for getting desired bioactivity in all neem formulations.

http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=9422147&fil
eId=S1742758414000538
The study investigated the predation potential and efficacy of the Oxyopes
javanus spider against one of its most common prey species, H. theivora.
In the laboratory, with an increase in H.
theivora density, the predation rate of both male
and female O. javanus increased. Per capita
predation rates exhibited by male and female O.
javanus per day against adult H. theivora were
3.67 1.52 and 11.67 1.53 (mean standard
deviation), respectively.
At a reasonably small prey density, the prey
consumption rate was highest, reaching up to 100%, indicating that the spider
predator has the potential to eliminate smaller populations of the pest

http://www.nbaii.res.in/aicrp/aicrpreport.pdf
Beauveria bassiana is a fungus that grows naturally in soils throughout the world and acts
as a parasite on various arthropod species

http://tocklai.net/wpcontent/uploads/2013/07/TwoBud5912012/Potential%20of%20entomopathogenic%20fung
i0001.pdf
Species of Fusarium(28.8%), Aspergillus jlavus (1.4%), A. niger (15.1 %),
Cladosporium (27.4%), Curvuaria (9.0%), Acremonium(33.7%) and Trichoderma
(17.7%) caused infection in Helopeltis.
Different concentrations of aqueous suspensions of Cladosporium sp., A. niger and
A.jlavus were evaluated under laboratory conditions against H. theivora.
The percent mortality varied depending on the species of fungi. A. niger and
A.jlavus were found to be weakly pathogenic to Helopltis
http://worldwidescience.org/topicpages/h/helopeltis+theivora+heteroptera.html

http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:ije&volume=74&issue=4&article=015