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SECTION A (for BET Sem 5 & 6)

  • 1 When necessary during operation, CSD disconnect is usually accomplished by

A

a switch in the cockpit.

B

circuit breaker activation.

C

a shear section in the input shaft.

  • 2 A voltage regulator controls generator voltage by changing the

A

resistance in the generator output circuit.

B

current in the generator output circuit.

C

current of the generator field circuit.

  • 3 Aircraft which operate only ac generators as a primary source of electrical power normally provide current suitable for battery charging through the use of

A

a stepdown transformer and a rectifier.

B

an inverter and a voltage dropping resistor.

C

a dynamotor with a half wave dc output.

  • 4 One advantage of using ac electrical power in aircraft is

A

that ac electrical motors can be reversed while dc motors cannot.

B

greater ease in stepping the voltage up or down.

C

that the effective voltage is 1.41 times the maximum instantaneous voltage;

therefore, less power input is required.

  • 5 A circuit breaker is installed in an aircraft electrical system primarily to protect the

A

circuit and should be located as close to the source as possible.

B

circuit and should be located as close to the unit as possible.

C

electrical unit in the circuit and should be located as close to the source as possible.

6

When dc generators are operated in parallel to supply power for a single load, their controls include an equalizer circuit to assure that all generators share the load equally. The equalizer circuit operates by

A

increasing the output of the low generator to equal the output of the high

B

generator. decreasing the output of the high generator to equal the output of the low generator.

C

increasing the output of the low generator and decreasing the output of the high generator until they are equal.

  • 7 What is the color and orientation of the position lights for navigation on civil airplanes?

A

Left side - green, right side - red, rear aft - white.

B

Left side - red, right side - green, rear aft - white.

C

Left side - white, right side - green, rear aft - red.

  • 8 What does a rectifier do?

A

Changes direct current into alternating current.

B

Changes alternating current into direct current.

C

Reduces voltage.

  • 9 Electric circuits are protected from overheating by means of

A

thermocouples.

B

shunts.

C

fuses.

  • 10 The method most often used in overcoming the effect of armature reaction is through the use of

A

interpoles.

B

compensating winding

C

drum wound armatures in combination with a negatively connected series field.

11

Which of the following is not one of the purposes of interpoles in a generator?

A

Reduce field strength.

B

Overcome armature reaction.

C

Reduce arcing at the brushes.

  • 12 The commutator of a generator

A

changes direct current produced in the armature into alternating current as it is taken from the carbon brush.

B

changes alternating current produced in the armature into direct current

as it is taken from the carbon brush.

C

reverses the current in the field coils at the proper time in order to produce direct current.

  • 13 Where is the landing gear safety switch usually located?

A

On the main gear shock strut.

B

On the landing gear drag brace.

C

On the pilot's control pedestal.

  • 14 What landing gear warning device(s) is/are incorporated on retractable landing gear aircraft?

A

A visual indicator showing gear position.

B

A light which comes on when the gear is fully down and locked.

C

A horn or other aural device and a red warning light.

  • 15 How may the state of charge of a lead-acid battery be determined?

A

Ammeter.

B

Voltmeter.

C

Hydrometer.

  • 16 What condition characterizes a thermal runaway?

A

Increased resistance of the battery to input current.

B

High temperature and undercharging at a constant rate.

  • 17 Which is a purpose of a transformer rectifier?

A

Converts 115 volts ac, 400-Hz to 28 volts dc.

B

Changes dc to alternating 26 volts or 115 volts, 400-Hz power.

C

Operates emergency flight instruments and radios from the airplane battery.

  • 18 The purpose of a constant speed drive for an ac generator is to

A

control field strength.

B

regulate generator voltage.

C

maintain a uniform frequency.

  • 19 Which is a feature of a parallel bus electrical system?

A

External power may be paralleled with operating generators.

B

The electrical load is automatically redistributed when one generator fails.

C

Each generator supplies power separately from the other generators to its respective bus.

  • 20 What increases or decreases the voltage of a generator so it carries its share of the load?

A

Current limiter.

B

Paralleling circuit.

C

Reverse current cut-out relay.

  • 21 What will neutralize the electrolyte from a lead-acid battery?

A

Soap and water.

B

Bicarbonate of soda.

C

Boric acid, a solution of acetic acid, lemon juice, or vinegar.

  • 22 How many amperes will a 28-volt generator are required to supply to a circuit containing five lamps in parallel, three of which have a resistance of 18 ohms each and two of which have a resistance of 24 ohms each?

A

7 amperes.

B

112 amperes

C

0.27 ampere.

  • 23 Which of the following is a false statement about squib?

A

When not connected to the aircraft, the electrical pins should be shorted

B

together Use the normal ohmmeter when checking the continuity of the squib.

C

Squib is a life item

  • 24 What is/are the advantages of continuous loop fire detection system?

A

Large areas can be monitored with a single detector loop

B

It can detect both overheat and fire conditions.

C

Both A and B

  • 25 In what area of an aircraft would you likely to find a carbon monoxide detector?

A

Engine and / or nacelle

B

Surface combustion heater compartment

C

Cockpit and / or cabin

  • 26 One of the purpose of the wing leading edge illumination light is to

A

inspect for any ice formation on the wing

B

provide ground position of the aircraft from the other aircraft

C

signal the ground tower for landing

  • 27 Which fire detection system measures temperature rise compared to a reference temperature?

A

Thermal switch.

B

Fenwall continuous loop

C

Thermocouple

  • 28 What are the indications of stall warning?

A

A siren sound

B

Blinking light in the cockpit and bell sound

C

A horn sound, warning light and 'stick-shaker'.

  • 29 In control box, any time a wheel decelerates at a rate higher than the threshold value, a signal is sent to the

A

control valve to maintain the brake pressure

B

control valve to increase the brake pressure

C

control valve to reduce the brake pressure

  • 30 What type of motor does landing gear retraction system use?

A

Starter motor

B

Split field dc motor

C

Single phase ac motor

  • 31 What is the purpose of safety switch in the landing gear control?

A

Prevent accidental retraction of the gear during aircraft on ground

B

Prevent accidental retraction of the gear during aircraft on flight

C

Allow retraction of the gear during flight

  • 32 Which of the following components is not part of the antiskid system?

A

The wheel speed sensors

B

The control valves

C

Up and lock switch

  • 33 In an aircraft with parallel DC generators system, what is the purpose of the equalizing coils?

A

To make sure that all generators outputs are the same voltage

B

To make sure that all load are distributed equally among the generators

C

They serve no purpose.

  • 34 Figure below shows circuit diagram with 7 thermal switches. When test relay energised, which of the following statement is TRUE?

29 In control box, any time a wheel decelerates at a rate higher than the threshold

A

To test the serviceability of the thermal switches.

B

Red light will illuminate and test the serviceability of the thermal switches.

C

Red light will illuminate to indicate that the fire loop is good.

  • 35 Level B alert message require

A

immediate correction action by the crew

B

immediate crew awareness

C

no attention

  • 36 Which of the following statement is NOT TRUE?

A

The caution and master caution lights on most aircraft can usually be dimmed

B

The rheostat is connected in series to the Green lights in order to control the brightness of the light.

C

The intensity of the Red light can be controlled by using rheostat which Is connected in series with the lights

  • 37 Which type of light usually located at the highest fixed part and one on the lowest fixed part of an aircraft?

A

Wing inspection light.

B

Anti-collision light

C

Navigation light

  • 38 What type of lamp that use a principal of charging and discharging of capacitor for producing a flashing light?

A

Incandecent lamp

B

Halogen lamp

C

Xenon tube lamp

  • 39 Which emergency lighting used to assist passenger to get out from aircraft that is full of smoke?

A

Floor proximity lighting

B

Slide and door illumination lighting

C

Floodlighting

  • 40 Which of the following is NOT TRUE about a Caution light?

A

The light cannot be dimmed

B

Used to indicate to the pilot and flight crew that an abnormal, but not

necessarily dangerous condition exists

C

Normally amber in color

  • 41 During starting up process of an APU, when is the power to the starter is disconnected?

A

At 50% RPM

B

When oil pressure reaches 55 psia

C

When oil pressure reaches 10 psia

  • 42 Which of the following statement is NOT TRUE about an APU system?

A

Supply three phase 400 Hz AC power to the airplane.

B

APU does not need fuel for its operation

C

Battery charger must be disconnected during APU starter engagement.

  • 43 Diagram below shows a simple relay controlled of auxiliary power system. What is the purpose or the diode D1?

43 Diagram below shows a simple relay controlled of auxiliary power system. What is the purpose

A

To increase the current to the external power relay

B

To protect the system from radio interference

C

To protect the system against the incorrect polarity being connected to

the

aircraft electrical system

  • 44 Constant speed of Ram Air Drive Turbine is maintained by

A

governor control the pitch of the propeller blade.

B

pressure in the pump of RAT

C

size of the propeller

  • 45 Which of the following aircraft warning system indicates that a system is operating as selected?

A

Caution lights

B

Advisory lights

C

Warning lights

  • 46 Warning light can be activated by either parallel or series circuit. Which of the following illustrate an activation by a parallel circuit?

A

Any one of multiple items may activate the annunciator/warning light.

B

All conditions must be met to activate the light.

  • 47 In Walter Kidde sensors, a two wire conductors embedded in a thermistor material. Which of the following is NOT TRUE about thermistor material.

A

At high temperature, the resistance of the thermistor material will fall rapidly.

B

The thermistor material has a high electrical resistance when the temperature is low

C

The thermistor material will become an insulator at high temperature.

  • 48 Which of the gas in Systron-Donner sensor will expand and provide pressure to the responder and closed the responder alarm switch?

A

Nitrogen gas

B

Hydrogen gas

C

Helium gas

  • 49 When will the Integrity Switch contact of the Systron-Donner responder open?

A

When helium gas in the sensor tube depleted.

B

When the sensor tube overheated

C

When the sensor tube temperature drop to ambient/normal temperature.

  • 50 What is a function of the separator cellophane in a nickel-cadmium battery?

A

Inhibits thermal runaway.

B

Separates negative and positive cells.

C

Prevents electrolyte leakage and contamination.

SECTION B

There are three (3) questions in this section. Answer any two (2) of these questions.

1

  • a) What is the safe way to mix acid and water in order to prepare electrolyte for the Lead Acid battery and explain your reason?

(3 marks)

  • b) Give three functions of battery in aircraft electrical system.
    i) ii) iii)

(3 marks)

  • c) What is "Deep Cycle" in NiCad Battery and briefly describe the procedures?

(4 marks)

2

a)

Diagram below shows a differential protection circuit in the GCU.

2 a) Diagram below shows a differential protection circuit in the GCU. State the operation of

State the operation of this circuit when it is normal operation (no fault) and fault condition.

(3 marks)

  • b) Describe two function of the Generator Control Unit (GCU)

(3 marks)

  • c) In AC distribution, how does the circuit below maintain the generator output if line voltage increase above 115V or decrease below 115V?

c) In AC distribution, how does the circuit below maintain the generator output if line voltage

Line Voltage

(4 marks)

3

  • a) The diagram below shows a split bus system with an External Power connected to it. What would be a configuration (close or open) of generator breaker 1 (GB1), GB2, bus tie breaker 1 (BTB1), BTB2, transfer relay 1 and 2 when engine-driven generator no. 1 fail in flight and APU is turned on?

Transfer Relay 1
Transfer
Relay 1

Transfer Relay 2

(3 marks)

  • b) In a parallel ac generator systems, name the two components of load that must be shared equally by all generators
    i) ii)

 

(3 marks)

  • c) Briefly explain how the two load sharing are carried out.

 

(4 marks)