Sie sind auf Seite 1von 12

Chemistry Unit 3 Introduction

Page 1

VCE CHEMISTRY
UNIT 3- BOOK 1
INTRODUCTION
Welcome to VCE Chemistry, Unit 3. You will need to read through
introductory chapter to acquired important information about this
unit.
The first thing you must do is to make sure you buy a copy of the
following textbook:
Title:
Author:
Publisher:
Year:

Heinemann Chemistry 2 (4th Edition) Enhanced student BookCombo pack


Hogendoorn, Bob Et Al
Pearson
2011

Other very useful books:


Title:
Year:

Study On VCE Chemistry Units 3 &4 Booklet w/Online


access
2015

Chemistry Unit 3 Introduction

Page 2

Areas of study
Outcome 1
On completion of this unit the student should be able to evaluate the suitability of techniques
and instruments used in chemical analyses.
Key knowledge
volumetric analysis including determination of excess and limiting reagents and titration
curves: simple and back titrations, acid-base and redox titrations
gravimetric analysis
calculations including amount of solids, liquids and gases; concentration; volume,
pressure and temperature of gases
the writing of balanced chemical equations, including the use of oxidation numbers to
write redox equations, and the application of chemical equations to volumetric and
gravimetric analyses
principles and applications of chromatographic techniques (excluding features of
instrumentation and operation), and interpretation of qualitative and quantitative data
from:
thin layer chromatography (TLC), including calculation of Rf
high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography (GC)
including Rt and the use of a calibration graph to determine amount of analyte
principles and applications of spectroscopic techniques (excluding features of
instrumentation and operation), and interpretation of qualitative and quantitative data
from:
atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) including electron transitions and use of
calibration graph to determine amount of analyte
infrared spectroscopy (IR) including use of characteristic absorption bands to
identify bonds
proton and carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) including
spin, the application of carbon-13 to determine number of equivalent carbon
environments; and application of proton NMR to determine structure: chemical
shift, areas under peak and peak splitting patterns (excluding coupling constants),
and application of n+1 rule to simple compounds
visible and ultraviolet spectroscopy (visible-UV) including electron transitions
and use of calibration graph to determine amount of analyte
mass spectroscopy including determination of molecular ion peak and relative
molecular mass, and identification of simple fragments
matching analytical technique/s to a particular task: single and combined techniques.
Outcome 2
On completion of this unit the student should be able to identify and explain the role of
functional groups in organic reactions and construct reaction pathways using organic molecules.
Key knowledge

Structure including molecular, structural and semi-structural formulae, and International Union

of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) nomenclature of alkanes, alkenes, amines,


haloalkanes, alkanols (CnH2n+1OH), alkanoic acids (CnH2n+1COOH) and esters up to C10
common reactions of organic compounds including equations: addition reactions of
alkenes (addition of hydrogen halides and water limited to symmetrical alkenes),
substitution reactions of alkanes and primary haloalkanes, oxidation of primary alkanols,
and esterification

Chemistry Unit 3 Introduction

Page 3

chemical bonding:
primary, secondary and tertiary structures of proteins
the role of the tertiary structure of proteins in enzyme action
denaturing of proteins: effect of changes in pH and temperature on bonding
primary and secondary structure of DNA
organic reaction pathways including appropriate equations and reagents:
production of esters from alkenes
condensation reactions that produce lipids (limited to triglycerides)
condensation and polymerisation reactions that produce large biomolecules
including carbohydrates, proteins and DNA
production of biochemical fuels including the fermentation of sugars to produce
ethanol
function of organic molecules in the design and synthesis of medicines including
the production of aspirin from salicylic acid.

There are eight weeks in this book covering Area of


Study One, Chemical Analysis.

How to use this book

Each week you should:


1.

Read the notes, do the Quick check questions and


correct your answers as you go.

2.

Do any practical work required, or arrange for a time


and place when the practical work will be done.

3.

Complete the

SEND exercises in the assignment


booklet and send them in.

Websites and Heinemann eChemistry 2 CD


There are also some excellent interactive activities as well as risk and
safety phrases used in the material safety data sheet (MSDS) on the
Heinemann eChemistry2 CD that came with your textbook. You are
urged to refer to these activities when you see the textbook CD icon on
the left.

Chemistry Unit 3 Introduction

Practical Work

Page 4

Practical work is an extremely important part of your Year 12


Chemistry studies. This is a compulsory part of the course and
is best carried out under supervision in a school laboratory.
In Unit 3, the first school assessed coursework task, SAC 1,
requires you to submit an Extended Experimental Investigation
(EEI) relating to the detailed study Chemical analysis and SAC
2 in study area 2.
To complete this by distance mode you must choose one of the
following:

The practical work that requires lab access can be conducted


*
If you are school-based and your school has the
appropriate equipment and expertise (eg appropriate
teacher and/or lab. technician) then the EEI can be
done at your school

Safety First!

How much time do


you need to
spend?

OR
At the DECV in Thornbury, A lab day will be
held on 20 March 2015 in Term 1. Your teacher
will send you details about the date a few weeks
before hand.

Some chemicals used are poisonous. Use minimum


quantities and avoid skin contact with all chemicals. Pour
carefully to avoid inhaling fumes, particularly if fume
cupboards are required. Use bench mats when heating, and
be careful with hot liquids. Laboratories should have fire
extinguishers and fire blankets on hand.
This unit requires an average of 100 hours of study, or
approximately 6 to 7 hours a week. For students aiming for
a high Chemistry study score eight to ten hours a week would
be a more realistic target. Unit 3 is 16 weeks in length.
However, these figures do depend on your prior knowledge
and aptitude for the subject. You may find it helpful to allocate
a specific time of day and week to do your Chemistry work, so
a work schedule or timetable would be a good idea as it is
crucial to keep up to date with the work load.

Chemistry Unit 3 Introduction

Page 5

Assessment
The award of satisfactory completion (S) for Unit 3 is based on the
student completing all of the weekly submissions satisfactorily.
The students level of achievement in Unit 3 will be determined by
school-assessed coursework and the end of year exam.

School Assessed Coursework (SAC)


School-assessed coursework for Unit 3 will contribute 20% to the study
score for the year and 60% of the End of Year exam. The SACs that you
will do at DECV are shown below and will be marked by your teacher.
The posting and deadline dates for these SACs are shown below.
SAC

Outcome

Marks allocated

Assessment Task

SAC 1

Outcome 1

50

An extended
experimental
investigation

SAC 2

Outcome 2

25

A written report of
one practical activity.

SAC 3

Outcome 2

25

A response to a
stimulus material

Total Marks

100

End of-year Written Examination


You will complete an examination, which consists of a set of questions
designed to assess your understanding of all Areas of studies in Unit 3
and Unit 4.
Duration of exam: Two and a half hours
The examination will contribute 60 per cent to the study score.

SAC Time table


It is your responsibility as a VCE student at the DECV to ensure that
work is submitted on time. You will find a timetable for Weeks 1-8 of
Unit 3 on page 10.
The SAC Timetable is printed on the next page. You cannot have
unlimited time to complete these. If they are not received by the date
indicated as the deadline they will not receive a grade and the reasons for
this will be indicated in your report. The only exception will be if you
provide suitable documentation such as a medical certificate or a letter
from a parent, school Principal or VCE Coordinator. If you have any
questions regarding this matter please contact your teacher.

Chemistry Unit 3 Introduction

Page 6

Failure to hand in the SACs by the deadlines indicated below could have a disastrous
effect on your study score for this subject.
Week 7
SAC 1: Analytical
Techniques
An extended experimental
investigation

Posting date:
Friday March 20

Deadline by which SAC must be


received at the DECV:
Friday March 27

Week 12
SAC 2: Organic Chemical
Pathways
Practical activity

Date for posting:


Friday May 8

Deadline by which SAC must be


received at the DECV:
Friday May 15

Week 14
SAC 3: DNA structure and
function
A response to stimulus
material

Date for posting:


Friday May 22

Deadline by which the SAC must be


received at the DECV:
Friday May 29

Please detach the portion below this line, sign it to indicate that you are aware of the timetable
requirements for the Unit 3 Chemistry SACs, and forward it to your teacher along with your
Week 1 Work for Submission.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Student Declaration
I have received and read the timetable for the submission of SACs in
Unit 3 Chemistry. I am aware that if I do not fulfil my obligation to meet
these deadlines then my work will not receive a grade unless I am able to
furnish documented proof of a valid reason for lateness.

Name: ____________________________________________
DECV Student Number: ______________________________________

Signature: ________________________________________________
Date: _____________________________________________

Chemistry Unit 3 Introduction

Page 7

Work for Submission


You will find "Work for Submission" questions for each week in the
Assignment booklet. These are used to monitor your understanding of the
course and to fulfil the requirements of the three outcomes for Unit 3. The
questions are very similar to those set by the Victorian Curriculum and
Assessment Authority. Work for Submission questions are identified in
this course book by the letter box icon shown at left.
Always write your solutions to Work for Submission questions in the
spaces provided beneath each question.
One of the major problems students have with the November exam is
completing it in the time allowed (2 hours 30 mins). To help you with this
you should complete the Work for Submission questions under strict
exam conditions. Each mark in the exam is a minutes worth. Each of the
weekly submissions is approximately 25 marks-worth, therefore you
should complete them in 25 minutes. Allow another 5 minutes for reading
time. If you dont finish the submission in the time allowed then draw a
red line under that work and finish off the remaining questions.
You must attempt all Work for Submission questions before
submitting each weeks work.
For quantitative (number crunching) questions show all working, i.e.

Clearly write the formula or relationship first.

Then substitute the numbers into the above.

Finally, do your calculation and write the answer to 2 significant


figures.
For qualitative (descriptive) questions use dot-point solutions. Look at
the solutions to the Checkpoints questions at the back of the book as a
guide. Generally, a 4 mark descriptive question in the exam will require 4
dot-points. A dot-point may be a diagram, a formula or relationship, a
calculation, or a brief sentence showing that you understand a chemistry
concept.
The planned posting dates for Work for Submission weeks are shown
on page 10. Please try to keep to this schedule. Submitting late, or even
omitting weeks of work, can have a disastrous effect later in the unit. You
are urged to complete all the work. This means completing not only the
work for submission, but also the problems from Study On.
Please keep to the timetable schedule. Once you fall behind you
will find it very difficult to catch up!
At the end of each weeks work in this book is an assignment cover sheet
which must be attached to the front of your weekly assignment. You
should have received a set of barcode labels with your student number on
each. These are identical and one should be attached to each cover sheet
before posting.

Chemistry Unit 3 Introduction

Page 8

Online Resources (DECVOnline)


Students have a range of resources and study styles. If you wish to
study and communicate online, you have access to our online site:
http://www.decvonline.vic.edu.au/toolbox
For the username, use your DECV student id number and for the
password use your date of birth (in the format yyyymmdd).
Within this environment you can see your course materials and
submit your work online.
From DECV Online there is also access to our Resource Centre
and Careers Advice. DECV Links goes to several useful sites and a
Toolbox with various software packages and advice.

Sending Work on time

Every page that you send should have your name and student
number clearly marked on the top as work goes astray and
sometimes pages become separated in the mail. Staple your work
together but do not use papers clips as they often come off and
pages separate.

Post
All work should be posted by the Friday in order to arrive at the
DECV on the Monday. The posting dates are recorded on your
DECV handbook for VCE.
When ever possible copies of your work should be kept as work
has gone astray on occasions.

On-line submission tool or Email


The use of this mode of delivery is a great advantage. Weekly
work that is Emailed can be returned as soon as it is corrected.
This is a huge advantage, as you will be doing each activity with
the knowledge that you have already had the feed back on all of
the previous work.
It has the added advantage of automatically keeping a record of
everything you do. Work does go astray occasionally and this
happens far more often when it is posted, as there are a number of
processes that occur between the time the work leaves your hand
and the time that you receive it back.
Please keep to the timetable schedule. Once you fall behind you will
find it very difficult to catch up!

Chemistry Unit 3 Introduction

Page 9

Consequential Answers
CA

Let us imagine that there is a group of questions questions 1, 2 and 3


that all relate to the same information, and you get Question 1 wrong. If
you now attempt Question 2 which requires your answer to Question 1,
then clearly you will get that question wrong also. However, if you used
the correct reasoning and calculations to Question 2, you will get full
marks for this question in the exam even though your answer is wrong.
This is called a consequential answer, and I will indicate this with a
CA in my comments. Look out for this!

Late Work
Weekly Work for Submission this does not include SACs which
have special one week deadlines (see page 5) that is more than 2 weeks
late will be read but not marked. By that I mean you are able to submit
late work. If it is of a satisfactory standard it will receive an S, and will
contribute towards your S for the unit. However, it is your
responsibility to check your solutions with the attached response sheet
solutions for that week as I will not give you feedback. It is imperative
that you keep up-to-date with your submissions

Year 12 Unit 3
Revision Seminar
Towards the end of Unit 3 you will be invited to attend a revision
seminar at the DECV. We will work through a practice exam questions,
and there will be advice on exam preparation. Most importantly,
however, it will allow you the opportunity to talk with your teacher and
raise any problems that you are having with your chemistry.

You are strongly urged to attend this revision seminar


Revision seminar: Friday 29th May 2015 from 9:30am 3:00pm at DECV.
Final Word
Studying by distance mode is not easy. It requires a great deal of selfdiscipline and self-motivation. These are personal attributes that are
difficult to teach, and you will find that there will be a number of
distractions to your studying that only you can solve. However, if you
are determined to pass chemistry then you will! To help you with your
goal keep in regular, weekly contact with your teacher, keep up-to-date
with your work, and allow at least 8 hours per week on this subject.
Finally, I wish you all the best with your chemistry studies this year.
Please keep in touch with your DECV teacher on a regular basis, and let
him or her know how you are getting on. Good Luck!!

Acknowledgements
I would like to gratefully acknowledge the following:

Heinemann for allowing me to include their worked solutions in this


course book.
The Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority.
Heinemann Chemistry teachers resource and assessment book.
Talking molecules Brian Stevenson
Study on Chemistry

Chemistry Unit 3 Introduction

Page 10

LIST OF CONTENTS FOR UNIT 3 BOOK 1


AREA OF STUDY 1
CHEMICAL ANALYSIS

WEEK

TOPICS

SUBMISION
DATE

Calculations including amount of


solids, liquids and gases;
concentration; volume, pressure and
temperature of gases. (outcome 1)

Introduction to Chemistry
Revising the basics

Application of chemical equations


to Gravimetric analysis and the
writing balance equations.
(Outcome 1)

Revise ionic compounds and Feb 13


precipitation reactions

Application of chemical equations to


volumetric analysis.

(Outcome 1)
Back titration.
(Outcome 1)

The use of oxidation numbers to


write redox equations and redox
titrations.(Outcome 1)

Principles, applications and


interpretation of atomic, UV and
Visible spectroscopy. (Outcome 1)

SAC1-

(Evaluate the suitability of

techniques and instruments used in


chemical analyses. (Outcome 1)

Feb 6

Revise acid-base reactions


and apply them to titration
experiments.
Revise pH as a measure of
acidity. Apply pH to
titration experiments and
back titration.
Revise redox reactions.
Apply redox reactions to
titration experiments.
Principles and applications
of spectroscopic techniques

Feb 20

A teacher directed Extended


experimental investigation
(EEI).(SAC1)

Mar 20

Feb 27

Mar 6

Mar 13

Chemistry Unit 3 Sac 1 - practical day on Friday 20th March 2015 at DECV
Principles and applications of TLC
HPLC and GC a including Rt

and the use of a calibration graph to


determine amount of analyte.

(Outcome 1)

Principles and applications


of Chromatography
techniques

Mar 27

Chemistry Unit 3 Introduction

Page 11

Chemistry Unit 3 Introduction

Page 12