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3 Hours / 100 Marks

Seat No.

(1) All Questions are compulsory.

(2) Illustrate your answers with neat sketches wherever
(3) Figures to the right indicate full marks.
(4) Assume suitable data, if necessary
(5) Use of Non-programmable Electronic Pocket
Calculator is permissible.
(6) Mobile Phone, Pager and any other Electronic
Communication devices are not permissible in
Examination Hall.
(7) Use of Steam tables, logarithmic, Molliers chart
is permitted.


a) Attempt any SIX of the following:



Define intensive property and extensive property of system.

Give one example of each.


State Charles law.

(iii) List any four renewable energy sources.

(iv) Write advantages of economiser used for boilers.

What is vacuum efficiency of condenser?

(vi) Define
(1) Transmissivity
(2) Emissivity
(vii) State Fouriers law of heat transfer
(viii) Define enthalpy and write its unit.

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b) Attempt any TWO of the following:


Draw sketch of flat plate collector. Label the points on it.


What is regenerative feed heating of turbines?

Explain with block diagram.

(iii) A gas occupying 0.26 m3 at 300oC and 0.4 MPa pressure

expands till volume becomes 0.441 m3 and pressure
0.26 MPa. Calculate the charge in internal energy per kg
of gas. Take Cp = 1 KJ/kg K; Cv = 0.71 KJ/kg K.
Attempt any FOUR of the following:


a) Write steady state energy equation and apply it to turbine

and compressor.
b) A heat exchanger is to be selected for pasteurization of milk.
Select material and type of heat exchanger. Justify your answer.
c) Draw the following gas processes on P-V and T-S diagrams (i)




d) What is a steam nozzle? State its applications in industry.

e) What are sources of air leakages in condenser. How these
can be detected?

Differentiate between reversible and irreversible process.

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Attempt any FOUR of the following:


a) Calculate enthalpy of 1 kg of steam at a pressure of 7 bar

and dryness fraction 0.8. How much heat would be required
to raise 2 kg of this steam from water at 30oC?
Take Cpw = 4.187 KJ/kg oC
b) A composite wall is formed of 2 cm copper plate, 4 mm layer
of asbestos and 4.8 cm of fiber glass. The wall (from surface
to surface) is subjected to temperature difference of 400oC.
Considering heat flow in one direction, from surface to surface,
Calculate heat flow per m2 area of wall.
Take K copper = 370 w/mc,
K asbestos = 150 w/mc
K fiber glass = 74 w/mc
c) A carnot refrigerator requires 1.3 kw/ton of refrigeration to
maintain the temperature of 247 K. Find (i)

COP of refrigerator


Temperature at which heat is rejected.

(Take 1 ton of refrigeration = 3.517 Kw)

d) Differentiate between Isobaric and Isochoric process.

e) List 6 boiler mountings sketch any one.

Write basic function of condenser. How condensers are classified?

Attempt any FOUR of the following:



a) Draw schematic diagram of Nuclear power plant and explain

its working.
b) What is boiler draught? State its necessity.
c) Describe the construction of Impulse turbine with neat sketch.
d) Explain concepts of PMM-I and PMM-II.
e) What is Bio gas and Bio mass? State its applications.

Describe the working of separating calorimeter with sketch.


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Attempt any FOUR of the following:


a) State first law of thermodynamics. Also state clausius statement

of law of thermodynamics.
b) How steam boilers are classified?
c) Explain

Zeroth law of thermodynamics


Point function and path function.

d) Differentiate between forced convection and natural convection

related to heat transfer.
e) Explain natural draught cooling tower with sketch.

Attempt any TWO of the following:

a) Describe the construction of Babcock and Wilcox boiler with
sketch. Write its applications.
b) State necessity of compounding of steam turbines. Explain
pressure compounding with sketch.
c) The initial volume of 0.18 kg of a certain gas was 0.15 m3
at a temperature of 15oC and a pressure of 1 bar. After
adiabatic compression to 0.056 m3, the pressure was found
to be 4 bar.
Find (i)

Gas constant


Molecular mass of the gas

(iii) Ratio of specific heats (r)

(iv) Two specific heats, One at constant pressure (Cp) and the
other at a constant volume (Cv)

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3 Hours / 100 Marks

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