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2. Completati urmatoarele propozitii cu forma corecta de trecut a verbului to


have:
6. I ..a book.
7. He .a car.
8. ..youa picture?
9. She .not water.
10. He..a newspaper.
2. REGULI DE FORMARE (FORMATION RULES)- TIMPURILE (TENSES)
1. Prezentul simplu (Present simple) obiceiuri, actiuni generale
Afirmativ (Positive): I/You/We/They read He/She/It/ reads
(to read [ri:d] / [riid] = a citi)
Negative: You dont read He doesnt read
Interogativ: (Questions): Do you read..? Does he read.?
2. Prezentul continuu (Present continuous): - actiuni care au loc la momentul
vorbirii
Afirmativ (Positive): I am reading. You/We/They are reading.
He/She/It is reading.
Negative: I am not reading. You arent reading.
She isnt reading.
Question: Am I reading? Are you reading?
Is she reading?
3. Prezentul perfect (Present perfect): - actiuni din trecutul apropiat, cu consecinte
vizibile n prezent
Afirmativ (Positive): I/You/We/they have written. He/she/it has written.
(to write = a scrie)
Negative (Questions): They havent written. He hasnt written.
Interogativ: Have they written? Has he written?
4. Past (Trecut) Simple: actiune desfasurata n trecut, cu marci ale trecutului, ca
ieri, anul trecut, etc.
1. Regulat (Regular):
positive: I/You/He/She/It/We/They stopped.
negative: You didnt stop.
interogative: Did you stop?
2. Neregulat (Irregular): positive: I/You/He/She/It/We/They wrote. (to
write wrote- written)
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negative: You didnt write.

interogativ: Did you write?


5. Past (Trecut) continuu (Past Continuous): actiune trecuta ce se desfasoara n
timpul
altei actiuni trecute)
(Afirmative) Positive: I/He/She/It was writing. You/We/They/ were writing.
Negativ: You werent writing. She wasnt writing.
Interogativ: Were you writing? Was she writing?
Exercitiu: Treceti verbele date la infinitiv la timpurile cerute n paranteza.
1. I .. (to read prezent simplu).
2. You. .(to go prezent continuu)
3. He . (to write prezentul perfect)
4. We (to watch TV past tense simplu)
5. They.. (to speak past tense continuu)
3. VORBIREA INDIRECTA (REPORTED SPEECH)
Direct Reported
I never eat vegetables He said (that) he never ate vegetables.
(Nu mannc niciodata legume) (El a spus ca nu mannca niciodata legume)
Im reading. She said (that) she was reading.
Ill write to you soon. He said (that) he would write to you soon.
Ive read it. She said (that) she had read it.
I took it. She said (that) she had taken it.
I was reading. She said (that) she had been reading.
Exercitiu: Treceti propozitiile urmatoare la vorbirea indirecta:
1. Im writing .
2. Ill talk to you soon .
3. Ive seen it
4. I ate it ..
5. I was laughing. .

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4. DIATEZA PASIVA (PASSIVE VOICE)
Active Passive
He helps. (El ajuta) He is helped. (El este ajutat)
He has helped. He has been helped
He helped. He was helped.
He will help. He will be helped.
5. PRONUMELE (PRONOUNS)
# Pronume personale cu functie de subiect (Subject pronouns [s.bd3ekt]
[prounauns]/

[sabgect pronauns]:
I [ai] = eu She [.i:] / [sii] = ea
You [ju:] / [iuu] = tu It [it] = el/ea pentru obiecte sau elemente din natura
He [hi:] / [hii] = el We [wi: ] / [uii] = noi
You [ju:] / [iuu] = voi They [ei] / [zei] = ei/ele
# Pronume personale cu functie de complement (Object [obd3ekt]/ [obgect]
pronouns)
Me [mi: ] / [mii] = pe mine, mie Her [h.r] / [har] = pe ea, ei
You [ju:] / [iuu] = pe tine, tie It [it] = pe el/ea, lui/ei
Him [him] = pe el, lui Us [.s] / [as] = pe noi, noua
You [ju:] / [iuu] = pe voi, voua Them [em] /[zem] = pe ei/ele, lor
# Pronume posesive (Possessive pronouns):
Mine [main] = al meu Hers [h.rz] / [harz] = al ei
Yours [jo:rz] / [iorz] = al tau its [its] / [it] = al lui/ei
His [hiz] = al lui Ours [au.rz] / [auarz]= al nostrum
Yours [jo:rz] / [iorz] = al vostru Theirs [e.z] / [zearz] = al lor
# this si that
Singular: this [i:s] / [ziis] = acesta that [t] / [ze-at] = acela
Plural These [iz] / [ziz] = acestea those [ous ] / [zous] = acelea
# one, ones [w.n] / [uan]
I like that one = mi place aceea.
I dont like the blue ones= Nu-mi plac cele albastre.