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HOW TO DESCRIBE A

25

20

15

10

LINE GRAPH
FOR IELTS
0

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5 ACTIONS TO INCREASE YOUR


CHANCES OF PASSING
THE IELTS EXAM
2. FILL Your phone up with FREE IELTS MP3s.

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5 ACTIONS TO INCREASE YOUR


CHANCES OF PASSING
THE IELTS EXAM
3. Subscribe to the Youtube Channel.

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5 ACTIONS TO INCREASE YOUR


CHANCES OF PASSING
THE IELTS EXAM
4. Subscribe to IELTS Podcast on Itunes.

5. Ask for help if you have a problem:


ieltspodcast-at-gmail.com
All text and images. Material cannot be reproduced without permission. Ben Worthington, IELTSPodcast.com Ltd

PART 1: HOW TO DESCRIBE


A LINE GRAPH

How to write a description of a line graph on exam


day.

Group the information, choose the content.

Introduction

Summary

5 Tips

All text and images. Material cannot be reproduced without permission. Ben Worthington, IELTSPodcast.com Ltd

PART 2: WHAT YOU NEED TO


DESCRIBE A LINE GRAPH

Active Passive

Adverbs

Verbs

Nouns

Phrases for the introduction.

Phrases for summaries.

Phrases for change.

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1. GROUP THE INFORMATION

Decide what will be in each paragraph

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UK Supermarket Sales between 2001-09 in Million


20

Sainsbury's
Tesco
Asda
Morrisons
Co-op

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10

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1

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1. GROUP THE INFORMATION

25

20

Decide what will be in each paragraph


Main body paragraph 1: Sainsbury's and Tesco
broadly similar, Tesco outperformed
Sainsbury's, large spike in in 2002.
Sainsbury's
Tesco
Asda
Morrisons
Co-op

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10

0
1

Main body paragraph 2: Asda and Morrison's


grew, but not as much, levelled off around
2004, then grew steadily again. Co-op unique;
climbed, stabilised, then sank.
5

All text and images. Material cannot be reproduced without permission. Ben Worthington, IELTSPodcast.com Ltd

1. PLAN THE REPORT


My rough report plan:

Main body paragraph 1: Sainsbury's and Tesco


broadly similar, Tesco outperformed Sainsbury's,
large spike in 2002.
Main body paragraph 2: Asda and Morrison's grew,
but not as much, levelled off around 2004, then
grew steadily again. Co-op unique; climbed,
stabilised, then sank.

All text and images. Material cannot be reproduced without permission. Ben Worthington, IELTSPodcast.com Ltd

1. INTRODUCTIONS

Use a sentence which describes the graph and the


general idea.
From the line graph it is clear that the majority of
the UK supermarkets saw sales grow over the ten
year period.
25
20
Sainsbury's
Tesco
Asda
Morrisons
Co-op

15
10
5
0
1

All text and images. Material cannot be reproduced without permission. Ben Worthington, IELTSPodcast.com Ltd

1. SUMMARY

Explain the general idea of the graph (again!) but


with a little more detail.
Overall it is clear that Tesco and Sainsbury's
increased sales the most, followed by Asda and
Morrision's, the Co-op undoubtedly performed the
worst.
25
20
Sainsbury's
Tesco
Asda
Morrisons
Co-op

15
10
5
0
1

All text and images. Material cannot be reproduced without permission. Ben Worthington, IELTSPodcast.com Ltd

1. PROCESS

Step 1: Identify the information, group it, build your


body paragraph 1 and 2, write a rough plan.
Step 2: Write introduction (describe briefly what is
the graph and the general idea).
Step 3: Write body paragraphs (FOLLOW the plan
written before).
Step 4: Write summary, include the maximum and
the minimums, and the exceptions.

All text and images. Material cannot be reproduced without permission. Ben Worthington, IELTSPodcast.com Ltd

5 TIPS

Your opinion is not necessary

Make sure the subject and verb agree

Avoid basic words like BIG, SMALL, GOOD,

A topic sentence is not necessary in the


introduction,
In the final paragraph use 'Overall...' -don't use 'To
conclude...'.

All text and images. Material cannot be reproduced without permission. Ben Worthington, IELTSPodcast.com Ltd

PART 2: WHAT YOU NEED TO


DESCRIBE A LINE GRAPH
All text and images. Material cannot be reproduced without permission. Ben Worthington, IELTSPodcast.com Ltd

ACTIVE TO PASSIVE
Sales crashed to new levels

The sales rose quickly

Employment fell drastically

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ACTIVE TO PASSIVE
Sales crashed to new levels
There was a crash to new levels in sales
The sales rose quickly
There was a quick rise in the sales
Employment fell drastically
There was a drastic fall in employment
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PASSIVE TO ACTIVE
There was an incredible decrease in output
In 2010 there was a plunge in turnover
After the crisis there was a crash in profit
Last year there were two rises in annual income
All text and images. Material cannot be reproduced without permission. Ben Worthington, IELTSPodcast.com Ltd

PASSIVE TO ACTIVE
There was an incredible decrease in output
Output decreased incredibly
In 2010 there was a plunge in turnover
Turnover plunged in 2010
After the crisis there was a crash in profit
Profit crashed after the crisis
Last year there were two rises in annual income
Annual income rose twice last year
All text and images. Material cannot be reproduced without permission. Ben Worthington, IELTSPodcast.com Ltd

ADVERBS
It is clear the trend is downward...

It is evident that sales dropped in the first quarter...

It is surprising that sales rose after a steady decline...


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ADVERBS
It is clear the trend is downward...
Clearly the trend is downward...
It is evident that sales dropped in the first quarter...
Evidently sales in the first quarter dropped ..
It is surprising that sales rose after a steady decline...
*Surprisingly sales rose after a steady decline...
*USE WITH CAUTION (Don't place your opinion.)

TIME EXPESSIONS
Over the period _________ to ________
Over a five year period...
Throughout the 1980s...
The period from 1944 to 1999 witnessed...
...after that...

USEFUL VERBS
plunge
crash

stabilize

rocket

remain stable

soar

tumble

remain constant

surge

sink

level off

leap

fall
drop
decline

fluctuate

PHRASES TO USE FOR THE


INTRODUCTION

From the graph it is clear...

As can be seen from the line graph...

As is shown by the table...

As is illustrated by the pie chart...

All text and images. Material cannot be reproduced without permission. Ben Worthington, IELTSPodcast.com Ltd

EXERCISE
MATCH THE DESCRIPTIONS TO THE
DRAWINGS
1. The investment levels rose suddenly.
2. The sales of our products fell slightly in the final quarter.
3. The Research and Development budget has stabilized over the past few years.
4. At the end of the first year, sales stood at 50 per cent of the present level.
5. The price reached a peak before falling a little and then maintaining the same level.
6. There has been a steady increase in costs over several years.
7. The sudden collapse in share prices came shortly after June.
8. The value of the shares has shown a steady decline.

All text and images. Material cannot be reproduced without permission. Ben Worthington, IELTSPodcast.com Ltd

EXERCISE

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5 ACTIONS TO INCREASE YOUR


CHANCES OF PASSING
THE IELTS EXAM
1. Sign up HERE for free weekly tutorials and
awesome practical guides.
2. FILL Your phone up with FREE IELTS MP3s.
3. Subscribe to the Youtube Channel.
4. Subscribe to the Itunes podcast
5. Ask for help if you have a problem: ieltspodcastat-gmail.com
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All text and images. Material cannot be reproduced without permission. Ben Worthington, IELTSPodcast.com Ltd