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ACADEMIC IELTS TASK 1

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CONTENTS

Band Descriptors for Academic Task 1

Adverb clauses of comparison

Adverb clauses of concession

'Whereas' and 'while' EXPRESSING CONTRAST

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GET A PEN AND


PAPER AND TAKE
NOTES.
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LISTENING AND THEN


WRITING WILL HELP YOUR
AUDITORY, VISUAL
MEMORY AND YOUR
KINAESTHETIC MEMORY.
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IELTS Official Band Descriptors, under Task


Achievement (Academic)
'presents a clear overview of main trends,
differences or stages'.
150 words to write (8 and 9 sentences).
The introduction and summary will take 2, leaving
roughly 6-7.
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'presents a clear overview of main trends,


differences or stages'.
Now we will focus on 'differences' because if we
dedicate 2 sentences to differences, that leaves just
4 sentences left to write.
We now know EXACTLY what to write for 50% of the
report.

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ADVERB CLUASES OF
COMPARISON
To make comparisons we can use a simple structure
as shown below:
More Europeans prefer Football than Americans.
More Germans prefer vodka than Colombians.
Fewer Italians drink tea than Austrians.
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PICK
UP
MORE
POINTS?
To pick up more points and show the examiner we
can use a VARIETY OF STRUCTURES we can transform
them into a passive structure:
Football was chosen by more Europeans than
Americans.
Vodka was preferred by more Germans than
Colombians.
Tea was drank less by Italians than by Austrians.
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ADD AN ADVERB
Considerably more Europeans prefer Football
than Americans.
Significantly more Germans prefer vodka than
Colombians.
Substantially more time is spent on the internet
than before.
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BE CAREFUL
Adverbs can be placed in different places:
Production fell significantly
Significant production fell.
Clearly market share tumbled.
Market share tumbled clearly.

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BE CAREFUL
Adverbs can be placed in different places:
GOOD: Production fell significantly.
BAD: Significant production fell.
GOOD: Clearly market share tumbled.
BAD: Market share tumbled clearly.

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ADVERB CLAUSE OF
CONCESSION
Definition: Adverb clause of concession implies
something surprising is conveyed in the principal
clause when compared to the subordinate
clause.

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ADVERB CLAUSE OF
CONCESSION
Find something that really is
a contrast,
'a difference'.
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ADVERB CLAUSE OF
CONCESSION

Although sales reached 20


million in 1992, they crashed
to just 1 million in 1994.

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, , ,
,
,
,
,, ,,,, , ,
,,
ADVERB CLAUSE OF
CONCESSION

Write this structure down, we have the


subordinate clause 'Although sales reached 20
million in 1993' <COMMA> then the main
clause 'they crashed to just 1 million in 1992'.

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ADVERB CLAUSE OF
CONCESSION
Other examples:

Although almost every Asian country was


experiencing an increase in urban population
figures, Bhutan's figures showed a significant
decrease.
Although the number of Welsh pet owners is at
its lowest in 1990, it almost doubles in 1993.
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ADVERB CLAUSE OF
CONCESSION
To use this structure effectively, ALWAYS place
'although' at the beginning of the sentence,
ALWAYS.

YES you can place it in the middle, but for


simplicity, and fast exam preparation, just place
it at the front, after the exam experiment.
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WHEREAS
AND WHILE
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WHEREAS AND WHILE


The conjunctions 'while' and
'whereas' are similar except 'while' is
slightly less formal and it can be used
for comparisons in time.
'She drove while talking on her
mobile'.
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WHEREAS AND WHILE


We can use WHEREAS and WHILE in
the middle of the sentence to
contrast two ideas.
Use WHEREAS because it is more
formal.
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WHEREAS AND WHILE


A COMMA IS NEEDED AFTER THE FIRST CLAUSE.
Females scored higher in analytical subjects, whereas
males scored higher in creative disciplines.
Derbyshire allocated the majority of its budget on
leisure services, whereas Yorkshire invested hardly any
of its budget in leisure.

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WHEREAS AND WHILE


A COMMA IS NEEDED AFTER THE FIRST CLAUSE.
For most of the years output from English factories
grew, whereas in Wales it actually fell.
In 2014, 33% of visitors were from Asia, whereas in
1992 the proportion was just 11%.

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WHEREAS
AND WHILE
Definition: Adverb clause of concession implies
something surprising is conveyed in the principal
clause when compared to the subordinate
clause.

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