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Ib Physics lab report glass reflective

- Chapter 5
- Verification of Snell's Law
- Refractive Index of different liquids using hollow prism
- Using Snell's law to measure the refractive index of perspex
- Physics - Refractive Index of Perspex
- Refractive Index
- Snell's Law
- Reflection and Refraction Lab Report 1
- Purpose 2
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- Volume38_Number2_Article1
- Snell's law
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You are on page 1of 2

Apparatus:

Semicircular perspex block, board, piece of plain A4 paper, protractor, ruler, ray box with narrow

slit and 12V power supply, sharp pencil

Diagram:

A4 SHEET OF

PAPER

angle of

refractio

n

emerging ray

A

ray box

angle of

incidenc

e

perspex

block

N normal

Procedure:

A. Initial set-up

1. Place the perspex block at the centre of a sheet of A4 plain paper and draw its outline (see

diagram above).

2. Remove the perspex block

3. Find and mark the mid-point of the straight side as point O.

4. Use the protractor to construct line NN (the normal) which passes through O at 90 to this side.

5. Use the protractor to construct line AO, a line that is at an angle of 30 to the normal

6. Draw further lines, like AO, at the following angles to the normal: 10, 20, 35 & 40.

These are angles of incidence (i)

1. Place the perspex block back on its outline.

2. Place the ray box at one end of line AO (the 30 line, similar to what is shown in the diagram).

Arrange its position so that it sends a sharp ray of light along line AO towards and into

the perspex block.

3. You should be able to see a ray coming out of the other side of the perspex block, if not try tilting

the ray box downwards. Mark on the A4 paper the path of this ray and measure

the angle of refraction, (r)

4. Repeat the above for the other angles of refraction.

WARNING! THE RAY BOX GETS HOT

5. Measure the critical angle (ic) which is the angle of incidence that gives

an angle of refraction of 90.

KT

31 December, 2014

v. 1.2

C. Processing

1. Calculate for each pair of angles, sin(i) and sin(r).

2. Enter your measurements and calculations into a suitable table.

3. Draw a graph of sin(r) against sin(i).

4. Draw a best-fit straight line on your graph.

5. Measure the gradient of your best fit line.

D. Analysis

1. (a) Estimate the uncertainty in the angle of refraction obtained from angles of incidence:

(i) 10 & (ii) 40

(b) Calculate the percentage uncertainties for the above two cases.

(c) Which is the better measurement? Explain.

2. The refractive index of air with respect to perspex is given by;

n = sin(i) / sin(r)

perspex air

3. The refractive index of perspex with respect to air, airnperspex is the reciprocal of the above.

A text book quotes the refractive index of perspex with respect to air to be 1.5.

Calculate your value of airnperspex

4. The critical angle of perspex is given by;

sin(ic) = 1 / airnperspex

Explain how, if at all, your results support this relationship.

5. All of your measurements and calculations have been for white light.

The refractive index of perspex with respect to air increases with the frequency of the light being

used. If you had placed a RED filter in front of your ray box your measurements would have been

slightly different.

Would the following have been HIGHER, LOWER or the SAME?

(a) angle of refraction for the angle of incidence 30

(b) the gradient of your graph

(c) the critical angle

Explain each of your answers.

KT

31 December, 2014

v. 1.2

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