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Answer all questions

A. Objective Questions
1. Which statement about the noble gases is correct ?
A They exist as simple diatomic molecules
B They form ions with variable oxidation number.
C They combine with transition metals to form coloured compounds
D They do not use their valence electrons to formed chemical bonds
2. Which one of the following statements about the transition element is correct?
A They are the only metals which form more than one ion
B They are the only metals which form coloured ions in aqueous solutions
C They are the only metals which have high electrical conductivity
D They are the only metals which have high melting and boiling points.
3. Some properties of element X and its compounds are gives below
Melting
point
(c)

Density
(g cm )

Formula
of the
chlorides

232

7.08

XCl2
XCl4

Element X could be
A in group II of the Periodic Table
C a non-metal
Particle
V
W
X
Y
Z

Colour of
aqueous
solutions of the
chlorides
Colourless
Colourless

B in group IV of the Periodic Table


D a transition metal

Number of
neutron
1
4
18
18
20

Number of
protons
1
3
17
18
19

4. Which of the particle in the table above is a negative ion ?


A V
B W
C X
5.

Number of
electrons
0
3
18
18
18
D Y

X, Y and Z are three elements in the same period of the periodic Table. X is a
non metal, Y a metal and Z a transition metal. Which is the correct order of these
elements in the periodic table, moving across the period from left to right ?
A X, Y, Z
B
X, Z ,Y
C Z, Y, X
D
Y, Z, X
2

6. Which of the following oxides has both acidic and basic properties
A. sodium oxide
B. aluminium oxides
C. sulphur dioxide
D. magnesium oxide
7.

A sodium atom and a sodium ion has


I
II
III
IV

the same proton number


the same number of neutron
the same number of electron
the same size

A I and II only
C I, II and III only

B
D

III and IV only


I, II and IV only

8. Atom P has electron configuration of 2.4 and atom Q has 6 valence electron. The
chemical formula for the compound formed between P and Q is
A PQ
B PQ2
C P2Q
D PQ4
9. Based on the elements below, which element can form both ionic and covalent
compounds?
A Argon
B Bromine
C Calcium
D Magnesium
10. When sodium is burned in a gas jar containing chlorine gas,
A
B
C
D

each sodium atom will receive one electron from chlorine atom
each sodium atom will share a pair of electron with chlorine atom
one electron is released from each sodium atom to the chlorine atom
each chlorine atom will release its entire electron valence to form ions.

11. The X and Y element are situated in Group 2 and 15 respectively. Which of the
following formulae represent the compound formed between X and Y?
A XY

B X2Y5

C X2Y3

12. Which of the following are ionic compounds?


I
II
III
IV

CCl4
Al2O3
HCl
LiF

A
C

I and III only


I, II and III only

B II and IV only
D I, II, III and IV

D X3Y2

13. Element X and Y combined to formed compound which has characteristic as below
High melting point
Dissolves in water
Forms compound XY
Which of the following is true about element X and Y?
A
B
C
D

Both X and Y is non metal element


Both X and Y is transitional metal element
X is a metal element and Y is a non metal element
X and Y has the equal number of electrons

14. Which of the following substance is electrolyte?


A. Alcohol
B. Copper(II) chloride
C. Glucose solution
D. Mercury
15. Figure 1 shows the set-up of apparatus for the electrolysis of iron (II) sulphate solution.
Carbon
electrode Y

Carbon
electrode X

Dilute iron(II)
sulphate solution
Figure 1
What is formed at carbon electrode X ?
A. Iron
C. Sulphur dioxide

B Oxygen
D. Hydrogen gas

16.

Electrolyte can conduct electricity because an electrolyte


A. is a metal
B. contains mobile ions
C. allows the flow of electrons
D. conducts electricity in the aqueous form

17.

If an electric current is passed through molten potassium iodide, a purple vapour is


observed at one carbon electrode. This is because the
A. iodida ion is purple.
B. potassium iodida decomposes to give atoms of iodine and potassium.
C. Iodida ions react with the carbon electrode to form a volatile organic compound.
D. Iodide ion lose electrons to the carbon electrode to form iodine molecule
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18. When sodium sulphate dissolves in water, what are the ions present in the solution?
A.
B.
C.
D.

H+ , OH- , Na+ , S2+ , O2H+ , OH- , S2+ , O2Na+ , SO42H+ , OH- , Na+ , SO42-

19. During electrolysis of solutions, which of the following solutions will not produce
gases at electrode cathode
I
II
III
IV

dilute lead(II) nitrate solution


dilute argentums nitrate solution
dilute potassium iodide solution solution
dilute copper(II) sulphate solution

A.
B.
C.
D.

I and III only


II and IV only
I, II and III only
II, III and IV only

20. Which of the following half reactions illustrate the chemical changes during the
electrolysis of molten magnesium bromide?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Anode
2Br- Br2 + 2e
Mg2+ Mg + 2e2Br- Br2 + 2e
Mg2+ + 2e- Mg
ANSWERS
1
6
11
16

Cathode
Pb2+ + 2e- Pb
2Br- + 2e Br2
Mg2+ + 2e- Mg
2Br- Br2 + 2e

2
7
12
17

3
8
13
18

4
9
14
19

5
10
15
20

B. Structured Questions
Atom
Proton Number

P
3

Q
4

R
5

S
6

T
7

U
8

V
9

W
10

1. The figure above shows proton number of 8 elements P,Q, R, S, T,U,V and W in
Period 2.
a)

Write down the electron arrangement of Q and S.


Q : _______________________S: ________________________
[2m]

b)

c)

Write down all metal elements.


____________________________________________________________
[1m]
Write down the element that represent
(i) noble gas
(ii) halogen
____________________________

d)

i.

_____________________________
[2m]

Describe changes of the size of atom across Period 2 from P to W.

_____________________________________________________________
[1m]
ii.
Give your reasons of the answer in d) i.
_____________________________________________________________

e)

_____________________________________________________________
[2m]
V can react with iron. Write down the chemical equation of the reaction.
_________________________________________________________________
[2m]
Total 10m

13

14

15

16

17

18

D
S

X
Y

Figure 2
2. Figure 2 shows apart of modern periodic table. The symbol of T, S, D, X and Y represent
element in the periodic table. Based to the figure, answer the questions below
a) S can formed an ion. Write the electron arrangement of ion of element S.
__________________________________________________________________________
(1 m)
b) S react with element X to form a compound
(i) Write the formula of the compound formed.
_______________________________________________________________________
(1 m)
(ii) State the type of bond formed in the compound.
_______________________________________________________________________
(1 m)
(iii) State one physical property of the compound.
_______________________________________________________________________
(1 m)
c) X is an element that exist as molecule
(i) Write the formula of molecule of X
_______________________________________________________________________
(1 m)

(ii) Draw the electron arrangement diagram for X molecule

(2 m)
d)

Which element exist as monoatomic gas? Explain.


_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
(2 m)
Total 9m

3.

Figure below shows the set-up of apparatus to investigate the electrolysis of dilute
copper(II) sulphate solution.

(a)

(i)

What is meant by cation ?

(i)

[1m]
What is the energy change that occurs in the electrolysis process ?

[1m]
(b)

In the electrolysis of dilute copper (II) sulphate solution,


(i)

state all the ions in the electrolyte.


[1m]

(ii)

in the table below, write the ions in (b) (i) which moved to electrodes X
and Y.
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Electrode X

(iii)

Electrode Y

[2m]
Write down the half equation for the reaction that occur at electrodes X
and Y ?
Electrode X :
Electrode Y :
[ 2 m]

(iv)

What would you observe at electrode Y ?

(v)

What is the colour change of the electrolyte ?

[ 1 m]

[1m]
(c )

Name the gas collected in the test tube at electrode X.


[1m]
(ii)

The volume of gas collected at electrode X is 20.0 cm3. How many


moles of the gas were collected ?
Use the information that 1 mole of gas occupies a volume of 24.0
dm3 at room temperature and pressure.

[ 1 m]
Total 11m

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