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Assignments in Social Science Class IX (Term II)

 

4. CLIMATE

 
 

ASSIGNMENTS FOR SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT

   

I. MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

 

(1 mark)

 

A. IMPORTANT QUESTIONS

   

1. Which of the following terms refers to the

sum total of weather conditions and variations

over a large area for a long period of time

(more than thirty years)?

(a)

(b)

(c)

Atmosphere

Annual range of temperature

Climate

(d) Monsoons

2. Which of the following is not an element of

weather and climate?

(a)

(c)

Atmospheric pressure (b) Temperature

Humidity

(d) Altitude

3. Which of the following statements defines

weather?

(a)

Atmospheric conditions over a large area for

a long period of time

State of the atmosphere over an area at any

point of time

Envelop of air surrounding earth

Generalised monthly atmospheric conditions

4. In which of the following places of India

(b)

(c)

(d)

precipitation is in form of snowfall?

(a)

(c)

Shillong

Chandigarh

(b) Drass

(d) Haridwar

5. Which of the following places of India

experiences the highest summer temperature?

(a)

(c)

Pahalgam

Thiruvananthapuram

(b) Leh

(d) Jaisalmer

6. Which of the following is the rainiest station?

GOYAL BROTHERS PRAKASHAN

9. In which of the following months does the

Tamil Nadu coast get most of its rainfall?

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

December to February

March to May

June to September

October to November

Which of the following places in India

experiences very high diurnal range of

temperature?

(a)

(c)

Kolkata

Chennai

(b) Jodhpur

(d) Delhi

In which of the following places of India there

is very little difference between day and night

temperatures?

(a)

(c)

Guwahati

Thiruvananthapuram

(b) Nagpur

(d) Delhi

In which of the following places are houses

built on stilts?

Assam

(a)

(c)

(b) Rajasthan

(d) Kerala

Goa

Which one of the following is not one of the

six major controls of the climate of any place?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Latitude

Temperature

Pressure and wind system

Distance from the sea

Latitude and altitude of a place determine

which of the following climatic elements of a

place?

(a)

Shillong

(b) Mumbai

(a)

Pressure and wind system

 

(c)

Chennai

(d) Kolkata

(b)

Temperature

7. Which one of the following is the driest station?

(c)

Rainfall pattern

(d) All the above

(a)

Mumbai

(b) Leh

 

15. Which of the following places have cooler climate even during summers?

(c)

Bengaluru

(d) Delhi

8. Most parts of India receive rainfall during which of the following months?

(a)

Allahabad

(b) Mumbai

(c)

Mussoorie

(d) Amritsar

(a)

December to February

16. Which of the following places of India experiences extreme type of climate?

(b)

March to May

 

(c)

June to September

(a)

Shillong

(b) Bengaluru

(d)

October to November

(c)

Chennai

(d) Delhi

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17. Due to which of the following factors does Pune receive much lesser rainfall as compared to Mumbai?

(b)

Subtropical high pressure belt of the Northern Hemisphere

(c)

Subtropical high pressure belt of the Southern Hemisphere

(a)

It is located on the leeward side of Western Ghats

Temperate low pressure belt of the Northern Hemisphere

24. Due to which of the following reasons are the south-west monsoons rain-bearing winds?

(d)

(a)

(b)

It is located on windward side of Western Ghats

(c)

Continentality

(d)

Distance from the sea

GOYAL BROTHERS PRAKASHAN

18. Which of the following latitudes passes

through the middle of our country giving it

the characteristics of tropical as well as

subtropical climate?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Tropic of Capricorn

Tropic of Cancer

Equator

82°30'N

19. The Indian subcontinent experiences

comparatively milder winters as compared to

Central Asia due to which of the following

factors?

(a) The Tropic of Cancer

(b)

(c) The Himalayas

(d) Ocean currents

The surrounding seas

20. Which of the following atmospheric conditions

govern the climate and associated weather

conditions in India?

(a)

Pressure and surface winds

Upper air circulation

Western cyclonic disturbances and tropical

cyclones

All of the above

21. Which of the following winds brings

widespread rainfall over the mainland of

(b)

(c)

(d)

India?

(a)

(b)

North-easterly

Westerlies

25.

26.

27.

28.

They blow from low pressure area of north- eastern India towards the seas

They are seasonal winds

They blow over warm Indian Ocean and

gather moisture

They strike the Himalayas

Which of the following prevents the southwest

monsoon winds from escaping from India?

(b)

(c)

(d)

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d) The Indian deserts

The surrounding seas

The Himalayas

Low pressure over Central Asia

The word ‘monsoon’ is derived from a word

which literally means which of the following?

(a) Seasons

(c) Change

(b) Wind pattern

(d) Mausumbi

In which of the following stations of India's

mainland does the monsoons arrive first?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Thiruvananthapuram

Kolkata

Chennai

Delhi

By which of the following dates do southern

parts of our islands receive their first monsoon

showers?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d) Mid-October

First week of April

First week of May

First week of June

(c)

South-west monsoon winds

(d)

Sea breeze

22. Which of the following is a component of upper air circulation?

29. Which of the following stations of India experiences snowfall in winter?

(a)

Aurangabad

(b) Guwahati

(a)

North-easterlies

(c)

Ooty

(d) Srinagar

(b)

Jet stream

30. Which of the following causes rainfall in West Bengal during the hot weather season?

(c)

South-west monsoon

(d)

Kal Baishakhi

(a)

Mango showers

23. From which of the following pressure belts do the north-easterly trade winds originate?

(b)

Kal Baishakhi

(c)

Southwest monsoon

(a) Equatorial low pressure belt

(d)

Retreating Monsoon

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II. SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS (3 marks) A. IMPORTANT QUESTIONS 1. What are jet streams?
II. SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
(3 marks)
A. IMPORTANT QUESTIONS
1. What are jet streams? How do they affect the
climate?
6. What form of precipitation does the upper part
of the Himalayas receive and why?
2. What is the loo? How does it affect the weather
of a place?
7. Write a short note on the trade winds. What are
the effects of trade winds on the climate of India?
3. Write a short note on the retreating monsoons.
8. Discuss why Mawsynram receives the highest
rainfall in the world.
4. Describe with examples how altitude affects the
9.
What is the Coriolis force? Describe briefly its
climate of a place.
affect on the climate of the world.
5. Describe with examples how distance from the
10.
Give reasons why the bulk of the rainfall is
sea influences the climate of a place.
concentrated over a few months in India.
B. QUESTIONS FROM CBSE EXAMINATION PAPERS
1. Study the data given below carefully and answer the following questions.
[2011 (T-2)]
(19.1) Name the station which is farthest from the Equator.
(19.2) Name the driest and wettest station among the three stations.
2. Describe the main features of Retreating monsoon season of India.
[2011 (T-2)]
3. Why do the Western Ghats receive more rainfall
than the Eastern Ghats? Explain briefly. [2011 (T-2)]
4. How do monsoon act as a unifying bond for India explain.
[2011 (T-2)]
5. Study the climate data of the given place and answer the following questions :
[2011 (T-2)]
(1) Calculate the total annual rainfall for this station.
(2) What is the annual range of temperature here?
(3) Name the rainiest month.
6. Describe any three facts which affect the
mechanism of monsoons. [2011 (T-2)]
11. Why are South-West monsoons less rainy in Tamil
Nadu? Explain.
[2011 (T-2)]
7. Why does Mumbai receive more rainfall in
summer season while Chennai receives rainfall
GOYAL BROTHERS PRAKASHAN
in winter?
[2011 (T-2)]
12. Explain what is smonsoon? Name the two
branches of monsoon and explain any one?
[2011 (T-2)]
8. Explain any three factors controlling the Indian
13. Describe the mechanism of monsoon. [2011 (T-2)]
climatic conditions.
[2011 (T-2)]
14. What are Western disturbances? How do they
effect the climate of India? [2011 (T-2)]
9. What are Jet Streams and how do they affect the
climate of India?
[2011 (T-2)]
10. Why North West India receives rainfall in winter?
Give any three reasons.
[2011 (T-2)]
15. What are the elements of weather and climate?
Distinguish between weather and climate.
[2011 (T-2)]

3

16. Explain three striking features of the wet weather season. [2011 (T-2)] 18. What are
16.
Explain three striking features of the wet weather
season.
[2011 (T-2)]
18. What are Jet Streams? How is jet stream related
with Western Cyclonic Disturbances?[2011 (T-2)]
17.
Describe the four factors responsible for climatic
conditions.
[2011 (T-2)]
19. Describe the cold weather season of India.
[2011 (T-2)]
20.
Study the following climatic data and answer the questions that follow :
[2011 (T-2)]
(19.1) Name the rainiest month of the year. How much is the rainfall in this month?
(19.2) What is the annual range of temperature here?
(19.3) Name the hottest month and write the temperature.
21.
Study the following climatic data and answer the questions that follow :
[2011 (T-2)]
(19.1) Name the rainiest month of the year. How much is the rainfall in this month?
(19.2) What is the annual range of temperature here?
(19.3) Name the hottest month and write the temperature.
22. Define monsoon. Differentiate between ‘Burst
25.
Explain how monsoon act as a unifying bond in
of the monsoon’ and ‘Break of the monsoon’.
the country?
[2011 (T-2)]
[2011 (T-2)]
26.
What influence has the Himalayas on India’s
23. Differentiate between cold and hot weather
climate?
[2011 (T-2)]
season in three points.
[2011 (T-2)]
27.
Explain the importance of monsoon rainfall in
24. Why the distibution of rainfall in India is uneven?
India.
[2011 (T-2)]
Give any three resons. [2011 (T-2)]
III. LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
(4 marks)
A. IMPORTANT QUESTIONS
1. Write a brief note on the south-west monsoon
6.
Write in brief about the mechanism of the
and its influence on the climate of India.
monsoons.
2. Why does the rainfall decreases from east to west
7.
Write a brief account of the conditions and
in Northern India? Write a brief note explaining
why.
characteristics of the retreating monsoons.
8.
3. Distinguish between south-west monsoon and
north-east monsoon.
Describe how the Himalayas affect the climate
of India.
9.
GOYAL BROTHERS PRAKASHAN
4. Explain the major factors influencing climate in
India.
Give an account of the weather condition and
characteristics of the cold season.
10.
5. Write briefly about the Arabian Sea branch of
the monsoon.
Give a brief account of the hot weather season
in India.
B. QUESTIONS FROM CBSE EXAMINATION PAPERS
1. Why is the distribution of rainfall in India
Uneven? Give four reasons. [2011 (T-2)]
2.
What are the jet streams? How they affect the
climate of India.
[2011 (T-2)]

4

3. Write any four characteristics of Arabian Sea branch of south-west monsoons? [2011 (T-2)] two
3.
Write any four characteristics of Arabian Sea
branch of south-west monsoons? [2011 (T-2)]
two distinctive features of each.
[2011 (T-2)]
6. Define burst of monsoons. Give an account of
4.
“India has diverse climatic conditions.” Explain
by giving two examples each of temperature and
the climatic conditions of the cold weather season
in India.
[2011 (T-2)]
precipitation.
[2011 (T-2)]
7. What
any
characteristics of Indian monsoons.
[2011 (T-2)]
are
monsoons?
Give
three
5.
Differentiate between the cold weather season
and the hot weather season of India by explaining
8.
Study the data carefully and answer the following questions : [2011 (T-2)]
(a)
Which station has the higher range of temperature and why?
(b)
Which station receives the higher amount of rainfall? Name the two most rainy months of this
station.
9.
Describe regional variations in climate with
17.
Describe the four main features of the hot weather
suitable examples from India. [2011 (T-2)]
season.
[2011 (T-2)]
10.
Define monsoon. Explain the main characteristics
18.
‘Rainfall is unevenly distributed in India.’ Justify
of the monsoon season. [2011 (T-2)]
in four points.
[2011 (T-2)]
11.
Give an account of the weather conditions and
19.
Describe the regional variations in climatic
characteristics of the cold weather season. (Any
condition of India with the help of suitable
four points)
[2011 (T-2)]
examples.
[2011 (T-2)]
12.
Why are the monsoons considered as a unifying
bond? Explain.
[2011 (T-2)]
20.
Explain the mechanism of monsoon.
[2011 (T-2)]
13.
Describe the factors that determine the climate
of any place.
[2011 (T-2)]
21.
Examine the regional variations in climatic
conditions within the country with reference to
14.
Explain the chief characteristics of cold weather
season in India.
[2011 (T-2)]
temperature and precepitation. [2011 (T-2)]
15.
Differentiate any four characteristic features of
the cold weather season and the hot weather
22. Explain the features of the Hot Weather Season
in India.
[2011 (T-2)]
season of India.
[2011 (T-2)]
16.
How is the Arabian Sea branch of south west
monsoons responsible for good rainfall in
Northern planes of India? Why doesn’t it give
rain in central Peninsula? [2011 (T-2)]
GOYAL BROTHERS PRAKASHAN
23. What do you mean by ‘transitional season’?
Explain the term ‘October Heat’ which is
experienced by Indians during this season.
[2011 (T-2)]
IV. MAP WORK
(4 marks)
1.
On an outline map of India, mark and label the areas that receives seasonal rainfall from June to
September.
(a)
Less than 20 cm
(b) 40-60 cm
(c) 100-200 cm
(d) Above 400 cm

5

2.

3.

2.

On an outline map of India, mark and label the following:

 

(a)

Direction of the south-west monsoons with arrows

(b)

The places that receives annual rainfall above 200 cm

(c)

The places that receives annual rainfall below 40 cm

(d)

The places that receives annual rainfall of 60-100 cm.

On the outline map of India below, mark and label the following:

   

(a)

Places that receives snowfall in winter

 

(b)

The north-east monsoon with arrows

(c)

The place that receives the highest rainfall in the world

(d)

The coast of South India that receives high rainfall in winter

   
 

ASSIGNMENTS FOR FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT

     

I. PROJECT WORK

II. ACTIVITIES

 

GOYAL BROTHERS PRAKASHAN

Make a Rain Gauge and calculate the rainfall in

your locality for the month.

Requirement :

1. A large mouth jar with straight sides

2. Ruler

3. Paper and pens

Procedures :

4. Rainy days

1. Tape the ruler to the outside of the jar and

place the jar outside when it rains.

2. Bring in the jar when the rain stops and note

the label of the rainfall in the jar.

3. Make a chart to track the rain level each

day. You can plot a graph.

(Mark inches on one side of the chart and

days of the week on the adjacent side of

your chart paper.)

Grouping

Bhubaneshwar, Lucknow, Dehradun, Indore, Patna,

Punjab.

1. Labelling

In the following diagram label the following

parts :

Leeward Slope, Windward Slope, Rain Shadow

Area, Mountain

: Leeward Slope, Windward Slope, Rain Shadow Area, Mountain A C : —————— : —————— B

A

C

: ——————

: ——————

B : ——————

D : ——————

Given below are a list of some stations in India which receive rainfall during the monsoon season from

either the Arabian Sea branch or Bay of Bengal branch of monsoon. Categorise them : Vadodara

(Saurashtra), Guwahati, Mumbai, Shillong, Thiruvananthapuram, Delhi, Kolkata, Mangalore,

Jaipur, Shimla, Kuchchh, Mathura, Panaji, Mawsynram,

 

Arabian Sea branch

Bay of

Bengal branch

Either Arabian Sea branch or Bay of Bengal branch

6

III. ASSIGNMENTS the questions that follow : Station Months J F M A M J
III. ASSIGNMENTS
the questions that follow :
Station
Months
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
A
Temp
10.5
12.8
20.2
28.6
32.5
34.5
31.3
32.5
29.6
22.4
18.4
12.6
in °C
Rainfall
1.4
2.1
1.5
0.5
1.1
5.6
20.8
22.8
19.5
8.1
3.1
1.1
in cm
B
Temp
25.5
22.4
253
27.8
38.6
33.3
32.1
28.1
27.3
28.1
27.3
25.0
in °C
Rainfall
0.5
0.2
0.8
0.8
1.7
52.7
62.3
38.4
26.3
25.1
1.2
0.4
in cm
a. Calculate the annual rainfall at Station A.
b. What is the annual range of temperature in Station A?
c. Which one of the two stations has a equable climate?
d. In which season, does station A receive the most rainfall?
e. What type of climate do you believe station
B has?
f. Make a histogram to represent the rainfall in Station A.
g. Make a histogram to represent the rainfall in Station B.
GOYAL BROTHERS PRAKASHAN
(a)
In which two months did Delhi receive the highest rainfall?
(b)
In which month did Delhi receive the least rainfall?
(c)
How much rainfall did Delhi receive in the month of September? Give the approximate answer in
millimetres.
(d)
Which month did the monsoon occur in Delhi
and it lasted upto which month? Give reasons for your
answer.
(e)
Write in a few sentences describing Delhi's climatic pattern.

1. Study the climatic table given below and answer

2. The following graph represents the annual rainfall in Delhi. Answer the questions that follow the graph.

7

3. The following pictures are from different climatic zones of India. Study the pictures and
3. The following pictures are from different climatic zones of India. Study the pictures and then fill in the
chart given below the pictures :
Houses
Clothes
Food
Occupation
A
B
C
4. Young reporter
From the weather bulletin on T.V., note down the weather report for two cities of India, one in the north,
the other in the south, for a period of seven days. Note down the weather report of your town or city
from local newspaper. Note down all information in three tables.
Elements of
Station A (north)
Station B (South)
Station C (Local)
Weather and Climate
Temperature
Rainfall
Humidity
Sky condition
Compare the three. What differences do you observe in the weather conditions? What type of climate
prevails at the stations? Discuss it with other students of the class.
5. Season Search
Given below are a list of characteristics and weather phenomena at different times of the year. Classify
them according to the season in which it occurs.
Complete the given table.
October heat, Western disturbances, Loo, Tropical cyclones along eastern coast, Burst of Monsoon, Kal
Baisakhi, Mango Showers, Monsoon trough of low pressure, ‘Breaks’ in rainfall, Mahawat Snowfall.
GOYAL BROTHERS PRAKASHAN
Cold weather season
WINTER
Hot weather season
SUMMER
Advancing monsoon
RAINY SEASON
Retreating monsoon
TRANSITION SEASON
Months
Months
Months
Months

8

GOYAL BROTHERS PRAKASHAN

IV. GROUP DISCUSSION

Make a group among the students of your classroom and discuss India's water scarcity problems. Outline the characteristics of monsoon and its vagaries that may lead to water searching.

V. CLASS DEBATE

Divide the students of your classroom and debate

on the advantage and disadvantage of dams across

rivers.

VI. QUIZZES

1. Write the names of the four seasons on the

blackboard. Four students should take charge of

the seasons, one for each season.

WINTER

TRANSITION SEASON

Take each season by turns and ask the students

of the class to name some stations (places) that

receive rainfall during that season. The students

in charge of each season should write down the

correct names of the stations in their respective

columns.

SUMMER

RAINY SEASON

2. Word Jumble :

Rearrange the letters in the following words to

find the true meaning as shown by the hints in

brackets :

the

(a) TEHAWRE

(Day-to-day

state

of

atmosphere)

(b) UISMAM (Arabic word from which the

word 'Monsoon' is derived)

9

(c)

SNMRMWAYA (This place gets the highest rainfall in the world)

(d)

LE ONNI (Periodic warm ocean current along the coast of Peru that affects monsoon)

(e)

SICLOROI (Force caused by the Earth's rotation)

3. Missing Letters :

Find the missing letters in the following words with the help of the hints provided :

_ O _ (strong hot and dry wind blowing

(a)

(b)

(c)

over North India in summer)

_ A _ G _ (showers that helps ripening of

mangoes in South India)

coast of

C

India that receives rainfall in winter)

R

_

M

_

N _ E _ (southern

_

(d) C

_ C _ O _ E (strong destructive winds

formed over the Bay of Bengal)

(e)

J

altitude winds in the troposphere)

_ T

_ T _

E _ M (narrow belt of high

VII. FUN TIME

Art Watch

Write a poem entitled ‘Rains’ and paint a

landscape as influenced by Monsoon. Display it

on the school bulletin board.

VIII. EXCURSION

Take the students to the Weather Station or

Meteorological Department of your city. Show

them the instruments used and the procedures to

record the elements of weather and climate.

Explain how weather report is prepared.

Encourage them to observe day-to-day changes

in weather conditions.