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Yakov Polyakov

Project:

yakov@yakpol.net
http://yakpol.net

SAMPLE PROJECT

Engineer:
Date:

Subject:

PS GIRDER SECTIONS

YP
2-Jan

Checker:

Project #
Page:

Date:

CONCRETE SECTION SHEAR/TORSION CAPACITY BY AASHTO LRFD BRIDGE DESIGN SPECIFICATIONS (2004)
US

Resistance Factors:
fV =

0.9

Units:

fM =

0.9Type of prestressing: Post-tensioned

fN =

1.0

Low relaxation strand

Concrete:

Mild Steel:
f'c =
6 ksi
Ec = 4458.1 ksi

Units

fy =
Es =

Span 3
0.9L

Span 3
0.8L

Prestressing Steel:
60 ksi
29000 ksi

Span 3
0.7L

fpu =
Ep =

SECTIONS
Span 3
Span 2
0.6L
0.7L

Input Data
Web width, bw
Effective web width, bv
Overall depth, h
Compression flange width, b
Compression flange depth, hf
Bending moment, Mu
Shear force, Vu
Prestress shear, Vp
Axial force, Nu
Torsional Moment, Tu
Effective prestress fpe
Mild tension steel area, As
Prestressed steel area, Aps
Mild compress. steel area, A's
Area of beam below h/2, Ac
Area of all legs of stirrups, Av
ds
dp
d's
Stirrup spacing, s
Torsion Parameters (optional)
Box section or other
Shear flow area, Ao
Area of one leg of stirrup, At
Perimeter of stirrup, Ph
Area enclosed by stirrup, Aoh

in
in
in
in
in
kip-ft
kip
kip
kip
kip-ft
ksi
in^2
in^2
in^2
in^2
in^2
in
in
in
in

12
12
84
72
10
4000
320
0
0
0
144
18.72
0
4
1584
0.62
81
80
3
12

5
5
84
72
10
5429
262
33.9
-284
1000
144
2
5.508
4
350
0.4
81
80
3
24

5
5
84
72
10
6942
190
33.9
-284
1000
144
4
5.508
4
350
0.4
81
80
3
24

5
5
84
72
10
7723
116
0
-284
1000
144
10
5.508
4
350
0.4
81
80
3
24

5
5
84
72
10
7000
200
33.9
0
1000
144
12
5.508
4
350
0.4
81
80
3
11

in^2
in^2
in
in^2

Box
1440
0.6
144
1260

Other
1440
0.6
144
1260

Other
1440
0.6
144
1260

Other
1440
0.6
144
1260

Other
1440
0.6
144
1260

in
kip
kip
kip
kip-ft
kip-ft

79.4
174.4
365.3
486
6,690
962

78.1
61.3
128.4
201
9,262
533

78.0
57.8
119.7
190
9,944
497

77.8
61.0
120.9
164
11,973
504

77.7
58.8
267.1
324
12,643
1114

7.75E-04

3.18E-04

5.87E-04

5.20E-04

4.91E-04

33.97
2.365
0.026

31.30
2.028
0.025

33.09
1.914
0.017

32.76
2.025
0.009

32.39
1.957
0.018

0.000
24.0

0.047
12.0

0.050
11.9

0.050
12.0

0.049
12.0

Calculated Values
Effective shear depth, dv
Vc
Vs
fVn
fMn
fTn

ex
q deg
b
Min. stirrup reinf. Av/S in^2/in
Min. torsion stirrup reinf. At/S in^2/in
Maximum stirrup spacing

in

Conclusion
Shear Reinforcing
Torsional Reinforcing
Longitudinal Reinforcing

OK
OK
OK

FAILED
FAILED
OK

FAILED
FAILED
OK

FAILED
FAILED
OK

OK
OK
OK

270 ksi
28000 ksi

Yakov Polyakov

Project:

yakov@yakpol.net
http://yakpol.net

Subject:

SAMPLE PROJECT
PS GIRDER SECTIONS

Engineer:

YP

Date:

2-Jan

Checker:

Project #
Page:

Date:

CONCRETE MEMBER SHEAR/TORSION CAPACITY BY AASHTO LRFD BRIDGE DESIGN SPECIFICATIONS (2004)
Capacity Reduction Factors:
fV =
0.9
fM =
0.9
fN =
1
Concrete:
f'c =
Ec =
Ac =

Units:

US

Type of prestress: Post-tensioned


Low relaxation strand
Mild Steel:
fy =
60 ksi
Es =
29000 ksi
As =
12 in^2
A's =
4 in^2
ds =
81 in
d's =
3 in

Prestressed Steel:
fpu =
270 ksi
fps =
263 ksi
fpe =
144 ksi
Ep =
28000 ksi
Aps =
5.508 in^2
dp =
80 in

in
in
in
in

Loads:
Mu =
Vu =
Vp =
Nu =

Concrete Stresses:
fpo =
184.4 ksi
v(Vu) =
0.485 ksi
v(Tu) =
1.209 ksi
vu =
1.303 ksi

hf =

10 in

Tu =

de =

80.33 in

dv =

77.66 in

Ao =

1440 in^2

6 ksi
4458.071 ksi
350 in^2

Section Geometry:
bw =
bv =
h=
b=

Section Type:

5
5
84
72

7000
200
33.9
0

1000 kip-ft

Vu(Tu)=

576 kip
(5.8.3.6.2-2)

Shear Stirrups Requirements:


Smax <=
12 in
Av/S (min) =
0.006 in^2/in
Req'd Vs =
129 kip
Req'd Av/S =
0.018 in^2/in
Av =
0.4 in^2
S <=
12.0 in
OK

in^2
in^2
in
in
in^2

Post-tensioned 0.7fps
( 5.8.2.9-1)
( 5.8.3.6.2-3,4)

vu/fc =

0.217

ex =

0.00049

( 5.8.3.4.2-1)

Fe =
ex*Fe =

1.000

( 5.8.3.4.2-3)

0.00049

Determination of q and b
( 5.8.3.3-3)
( 5.8.3.3-4)
( 5.8.3.3-1)
( 5.8.3.3-2)

( 5.8.2.7-1,2)
( 5.8.2.5-1)
(Vu/fv-Vc-Vp)
(Vs/(fy*dv*cotq))

Flexural Resistance Alone


b1 =
0.75
k=
0.28
(C5.7.3.1.1-1)
Rectangular c =
7.01 in
(5.7.3.1.1-4)
T-section c =
N/A
in
(5.7.3.1.1-3)
Final c =
7.01 in
c <= hf, Rectangular section behavior
fps =
263 ksi
(5.7.3.1.1-1)
a = cb1 =
5.26 in

de =
c/de =

0.4
0.6
11
144
1260

Other

Shear Capacity Calculations:


Vc =
59 kip
Vs =
267 kip
Vp =
34 kip
Vn =
360 kip
Vn(max)=
616 kip
fVn =
324 kip

Mn =
Mr = fMMn =

kip-ft
kip
kip
kip

Stirrups:
Av =
At =
s=
ph =
Aoh =

14,048
12,643
80.33
0.09

kip-ft
(5.7.3.2.2-1)
kip-ft
(5.7.3.2.1-1)
in
<= 0.42 OK

q
b
q1
q - q1

=
=
=
=

32.39
1.96
32.39
0.00

(Trial value)
( Table 5.8.3.4.2-1)
( Table 5.8.3.4.2-1)

Torsion Stirrups Requirements


fTn =
1,114 kip-ft
At =
0.6 in^2
Req'd At/s =
0.049 in^2/in
Provided At/s =
0.055 in^2/in
S <=
12.26 in

Longitudinal Reinforcing:
As*fy+Aps*fps =
2171 kip
Req'd Force =
1682 kip
OK

Final Statement:

>= Tu

OK

( 5.8.3.6.2-1)

( 5.8.3.6.3-1)

OK

Formulas:
Determine unit shear stress:
v(Vu) = (Vu-fVp)/(fbv*dv)
v(Tu) = Tu*ph/(fAoh^2)

(5.8.2.9-1)

vu = v(Vu)+v(Tu)

(5.8.3.6.2-3) for box sections

vu = sqrt(v(Vu)^2+v(Tu)^2)

(5.8.3.6.2-4) for other sections

Determine strain in reinforcement on tension side of the member:

ex = (Mu/dv + 0.5Nu +0.5(Vu(Tu)-Vp)*cotq - Aps*fpo)/2(EsAs+EpAps) <= 0.002


(5.8.3.4.2-1)
Where
If ex < 0 (compression) then ex = ex*(EpAps+EsAs)/(EcAc+EpAps+EsAs)
(5.8.3.4.2-3)
ex <= 0.001
Vu(Tu) = SQRT[Vu^2+(0.9ph*Tu/(2Ao))^2]
Mu >= Vu*dv
Stress in reinforcement when stress in concrete is zero
fpo = 0.7 for post-tensioned structures and 0.75 for pretensioned structures.

(5.8.3.6.2-2)

From Table 5.8.3.4.2-1 find values of q and b as a function of vu/f'c and ex


Calculate shear capacity of concrete Vc
Vc = 0.0316 b*sqrt(f'c)bv*dv
(5.8.3.3-3)
Calculate stirrups shear capacity Vs
Vs = Av*fy*dv*cotq/S
Calculate total shear capacity Vn, as
Lesser of:
Vn = Vc+Vs+Vp
Vn = 0.25f'c*bv*dv+Vp
fVn =min(Vn1, Vn2)

(C5.8.3.3-1)

(5.8.3.3-1)
(5.8.3.3-2)

Maximum Spacing of Stirrups, S


(5.8.2.7)
if Vu < 0.125 f'c*bv*dv then S<=0.8dv<=24 in
if Vu >= 0.125 f'c*bv*dv then S<=0.4dv<=12 in
Minimum shear reinforcing
Av/S >=0.0316*Sqrt(f'c)*bv/fy

(5.8.2.5-1)

Minimum torsion reinforcing


At/S >= Tu/(fv2Ao*fy*cotq)
Tn = 2Ao*At*fy*cotq/s

(5.8.3.6.2-1)

Longitudinal reinforcement requirements

(5.8.3.6.3-1)

As*fy+Aps*fps >= Mu/(dvfM)+0.5Nu/fN+cotq*SQRT[(Vu/fV-0.5Vs-Vp) +(0.45phTu/(2Aofv)) ]


b1 = 0.85-(f'c-{4ksi/7Mpa})*0.05, >=0.65
k = 2(1.04-fpy/fpu)
(5.7.3.1.1-2)
fps = fpu(1-k*c/dp)
(5.7.3.1.1-1)
de = (Aps*fps*dp + As*fy*ds)/(Aps*fps+As*fy)
(5.7.3.3.1-2)
for rectangular section behavior (c <= hf)
c = (Aps*fpu+As*fy-A's*fy)/(0.85f'cb1*b+kAps*fpu/dp)

(5.7.3.1.1-4)

for T-section behavior


c = [Aps*fpu+As*fy-A's*fy-0.85f'cb1(b-bw)hf]/(0.85f'c*b1bw+kAps*fpu/dp)(5.7.3.1.1-3)
Mn = Aps*fps(dp-a/2)+As*fy(ds-a/2)-A's*fy(d's-a/2)+0.85f'c(b-bw)b1hf(a/2-hf/2)
(Use bw = b for rectangular section behavior)

(5.7.3.2.2-1)

Notations:
Av
At
bv
dv
de
h
q
b
Ac
fpe
fpc
Ao
Aoh
Ph
c
a
hf
b
bw

area of shear reinforcing within a distance S


area of one leg of closed transverse torsion reinforcing
effective web width (5.8.2.7)
effective shear depth taken as a distance between resultants of the tensile and compressive
forces due to flexure, but need not be taken less than greater of 0.9de or 0.72h
effective depth from extreme compression fiber to the centroid of tensile force
overall depth of member
angle of inclination of diagonal compressive stresses.
concrete shear capacity factor
area of concrete on the flexural tension side of the member (5.8.3.4.2 Fig. 3)
effective stress in prestressing steel after losses
compressive stress in concrete at the centroid of section resisting live load.
area enclosed by the shear flow path, including any area of holes therein.
area enclosed by centerline of exterior closed transverse torsion reinfocement.
perimeter of the centerline of the closed transverse torsion reinforcement.
distance from extreme compression fiber to neutral axis.
depth of equivalent rectangular stress block.
depth of compression flange
width of compression flange * f'c(flange)/f'c(web)
width of web

q - VALUES FROM TABLE 5.8.3.4.2-1


v/f'c

ex

-2.00E-03
-2.00E-04
-1.00E-04
-5.00E-05
0
1.25E-04

0
18
18
20.4
21
21.8
24.3

0.075
18
18
20.4
21
21.8
24.3

0.1
18.1
18.1
20.4
21.4
22.5
24.9

0.125
19.9
19.9
21.9
22.8
23.7
25.9

0.15
21.6
21.6
23.3
24.2
25
26.9

0.175
23.2
23.2
24.7
25.5
26.2
28

0.2
24.7
24.7
26.1
26.7
27.4
29

0.225
26.1
26.1
27.3
27.9
28.5
30

0.25
27.5
27.5
28.6
29.1
29.7
30.6

2.50E-04
5.00E-04
7.50E-04
1.00E-03

26.6
30.5
33.7
36.4

26.6
30.5
33.7
36.4

27.1
30.8
34
36.7

27.9
31.4
34.4
37

28.8
32.1
34.9
37.3

29.7
32.7
35.2
36.8

30.6
32.8
34.5
36.1

30.8
32.3
34
35.7

31.3
32.8
34.3
35.8

b - VALUES FROM TABLE 5.8.3.4.2-1


v/f'c

ex

-2.00E-03
-2.00E-04
-1.00E-04
-5.00E-05
0
1.25E-04
2.50E-04

0
6.32
6.32
4.75
4.1
3.75
3.24
2.94

0.075
6.32
6.32
4.75
4.1
3.75
3.24
2.94

0.1
3.79
3.79
3.38
3.24
3.14
2.91
2.75

0.125
3.18
3.18
2.99
2.94
2.87
2.74
2.62

0.15
2.88
2.88
2.79
2.78
2.72
2.6
2.52

0.175
2.73
2.73
2.66
2.65
2.6
2.52
2.44

0.2
2.63
2.63
2.59
2.52
2.51
2.43
2.37

0.225
2.53
2.53
2.45
2.42
2.4
2.34
2.14

0.25
2.39
2.39
2.39
2.33
2.33
2.12
1.93

5.00E-04
7.50E-04
1.00E-03

2.59
2.38
2.23

2.59
2.38
2.23

2.5
2.32
2.18

2.42
2.26
2.13

2.36
2.21
2.08

2.28
2.14
1.96

2.14
1.94
1.79

1.86
1.73
1.64

1.7
1.58
1.5

b Values
7

Strain
(ex)

-2.00E-04

-1.00E-04

1.25E-04
2.50E-04

5.00E-04
7.50E-04

1.00E-03

0
0

0.05

0.1

v/f'c

0.15

0.2

0.25

q - Values

44

42

Strain
(ex)

40
38
36

q, degrees

-2.00E04
-1.00E04
0

34
32
30
28

1.25E-04

26

2.50E-04

24

5.00E-04

22

7.50E-04

20

1.00E-03

18
16
0

0.05

0.1

0.15

0.2

v/f'c

Values of q and b for Sections with Transverse Reinforcement

0.25