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Lexicography- practical branch =dictionary making

Theoretical branch= dictionary research
Isang sangay ng aplayd na linggwistika na binubuo ng pagmamasid, pangangalap, pamimili at
paglalarawan sa galing sa maliit na yunit ng salita at pagsasama-sama nito sa isa o higit pang wika
(Svensen, 1993:1).
Svensen Lexicography (1993:1) defines =a branch of applied linguistics which consist in of observing,
collecting, selecting, and describing units from the stock of words and word combination in one or more
The Dictionary of Lexicography (DoL, 1998:85) =professional activity and academic field concerned with
dictionaries and other reference works.
Reference work- any product
The NODE (1998)
Dictionary= a book that list of words of a language in alphabetical order and gives their meaning, or that
gives equivalent words in a different language (2) a reference book on any subject, the items of which
are arranged in alphabetical order.
-AHD3 (1992) Dictionary= 1. A reference book containing an alphabetical list of words, with information
given for each word, usually including meaning, pronunciation, and etymology ; (2) a book listing the
words of a language with translations into another language (3) a book listing the words or other
linguistic items in a particular category or subject with specialized information about them
Lexicography- the practice of compiling dictionaries NEW OXFORD DICTIONARY OF ENGLISH (NODE,
Isang gawain na pagbuo ng diksyunaryo (NODE, 1998). Isang sining o isang gawain na pagsulat ng
diksyunaryo (NSOED, 1993). Isang proseso o gawaing pagsulat o pagbuo ng diksyunaryo (CED2, 1986)

-the art or practice of writing dictionaries NEW SHORTER OXFORD ENGLISH DICTIONARY (NSOED, 1993)
-the process or profession of writing or compiling dictionaries

-the process or work of writing or compiling a dictionary


*Czech-American pioneer Zgusta (1971:100) had attempted to codify in a Manual of Lexicography what
was known then about the four main tasks of lexicographer:

The collection of material;

The selection of entries
The construction of entries;
The arrangement of the entries

Dictionary-is a reference book about words. It is a book about language. Its nearest cousin
Is the encyclopedia, but this is a book about things, people, places and ideas, a book about the real
world; not about language. Dictionaries are reference book.
Dictionaries also vary according to their intended audience or user group. Some dictionaries are aimed
at young users at various stages in their growth and educational development, they are characterized
By an appropriate selection of vocabulary, limited amount of information for each entry and often the
use of pictures and colour.
What is in a dictionary?
macro structure
1. Front matter- usually includes an introduction, preface, explaining the innovations and
characteristics of the edition concerned.
2. A guide to using the dictionary which may consist of a single-page diagram
3. Explanation of the transcription system used for indicating pronunciation
List of abbreviations
Listing of the language
Body- contains an alphabetical list of headwords. Each headword is accompanied by a number
of pieces of information.
It usually printed in bold types and hangs one or 2 spaces to the left of the other lines.