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DeltaV Whitepaper

January 2013 Page 1

DeltaV OPC Historical Data Access

DeltaV OPC Historical Data Access


This document provides information on how to obtain historical data from the DeltaV Continuous Historian using
the DeltaV OPC History Server.

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DeltaV OPC Historical Data Access

Table of Contents
Introduction .............................................................................................................................. 3
DeltaV OPC History Server Functional Overview ................................................................. 3
Properties and Methods ....................................................................................................... 5
Browser ................................................................................................................................ 5
Performance......................................................................................................................... 6
Troubleshooting ................................................................................................................... 6
References ........................................................................................................................... 6
DeltaV OPC History Server ..................................................................................................... 7
DeltaV OPC History Server COM Objects ............................................................................ 7
OPC HDA Custom Interfaces and Methods ......................................................................... 9
OPC HDA Client Connectivity ............................................................................................ 12
Licensing Requirements ..................................................................................................... 12

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DeltaV OPC Historical Data Access

Introduction
The DeltaV OPC Historical Data Access (OPC HDA) server (known as the DeltaV OPC History Server) provides
an OPC Foundation HDA interface to the DeltaV Continuous Historian based on Microsoft's OLE/COM
technology. The OPC HDA interface specification defines custom Microsoft COM interfaces to access continuous
historical data.
This white paper is intended to provide an overview of the DeltaV OPC History Server and the associated OPC
HDA interfaces and methods. This white paper may also serve as a guide for developers of OPC HDA compliant
clients to use in building clients for use with the DeltaV OPC History Server.
It is assumed that the reader is familiar with Microsoft OLE/COM technology and is generally familiar with the
OPC HDA specification. The DeltaV OPC History Server incorporates a subset of the functionality found in the
OPC HDA specification; it includes all the required interfaces and methods and some of the optional methods.
Through this technology, the DeltaV OPC History Server provides programmers with the ability to perform the
following tasks:

Connect to the DeltaV Continuous Historian database

Read DeltaV historical data

Browse for available ItemIDs

DeltaV OPC History Server Functional Overview


The DeltaV OPC History Server provides a read-only interface to the historical data located in the DeltaV
Continuous Historian. OPC HDA clients may use the DeltaV OPC History Server to view all historical data
collected in the DeltaV Continuous Historian. OPC HDA clients request historical data for a given period of time.
Browsing capability is provided by the DeltaV OPC History Server along with the use of wildcard filtering, making
it easy for OPC HDA clients to view any or all historical data collected in the DeltaV Continuous Historian.
The DeltaV OPC History Server provides OPC HDA clients access to raw and interpolated data from the DeltaV
Continuous Historian. Raw data is defined as data that is stored within the historian. The availability of raw data is
based on the configuration settings of the parameter for history collection. Interpolated data is defined as data that
is derived from the raw data in the historian, but for which there is no stored value. Interpolated data may be
linearly derived from two stored data points on either side of the requested timestamp, or it may be extrapolated
from the data in the archive by a more complex method.
The DeltaV Continuous Historian captures the quality status of every parameter configured for history collection.
The DeltaV parameter quality is available for use by the DeltaV Continuous Historian client applications. The
DeltaV parameter quality is also available through the DeltaV OPC History Server. In the DeltaV OPC History
Server, the DeltaV parameter status is mapped to the OPC Historical Data Access quality to provide the complete
quality status from the DeltaV Continuous Historian.
The DeltaV OPC History Server is available on the ProfessionalPLUS Station and the Application Station. The
DeltaV OPC History Server is activated when the DeltaV Continuous Historian is enabled, configured, and
downloaded.

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Figure 1 DeltaV OPC Architecture Diagram

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DeltaV OPC Historical Data Access

OPC HDA client applications can use the COM compliant Custom Interface or the OLE Automation Interface of
the DeltaV OPC History Server. The custom interface supports clients written in C++. The OLE Automation
Interface supports higher level business applications, such as Excel and Visual Basic.

Figure 2 OPC HDA Interfaces

Properties and Methods


The DeltaV OPC History Server incorporates all the required interfaces and methods of the OPC HDA
Specification. It also incorporates the optional "ReadProcessed" method under the IOPCHDA_SyncRead
interface. Refer to the section OPC HDA Custom Interfaces and Methods for more information.
The DeltaV OPC History Server provides a timestamp and quality value associated with each history data value.
For raw data values, the timestamp is the time the value was recorded by the DeltaV Continuous Historian. For
processed data values, the timestamp is the start of the interval, with two exceptions, minimum and maximum,
which can be requested with actual timestamps or interval timestamps. The OPC HDA quality value makes use of
the parameter and collection status information that is available from the DeltaV Continuous Historian.
The DeltaV OPC History Server presents time to client applications in UTC. Client applications are responsible to
make any necessary timestamp conversions (such as conversion to local time).

Browser
The DeltaV OPC History Server has a browser that exposes all parameters stored in the DeltaV Continuous
Historian. The browser supports the use of wild cards for string filters to assist in finding the stored parameters. A
single character may be filtered using the question mark character ?. For example, requesting TIC100?/PID1/PV.CV will return TIC-1000/PID1/PV.CV, TIC-1001/PID1/PV.CV, etc. Multiple characters may be
filtered by the asterisk character *. For example, requesting TIC-1001/PID1/*.CV will return TIC1001/PID1/OUT.CV, TIC-1001/PID1/PV.CV, and TIC-1001/PID1/SP.CV. In addition, the logical operators equal to
= and not equal to != may be used with the wild card filters to further refine the parameter search.

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DeltaV OPC Historical Data Access

Performance
The DeltaV OPC History Server performance is determined by the OPC HDA client request loading. OPC HDA
clients should be designed and tested to ensure that history collection performance is not degraded. The
frequency of requests and the amount of data requested can both affect performance of the DeltaV OPC History
Server. Each client request also imposes a load on the DeltaV Continuous Historian server, and care should be
taken to avoid loading it to the point that data collection would be affected.

Troubleshooting
Operating details involving the DeltaV OPC History Server (startup, shutdown, client interaction, etc.) are written
to the Windows Event Log.

References
Users that would like more information on OPC HDA or are interested in developing their own OPC HDA client
applications should be familiar with the following specifications, available from the OPC Foundation:

OPC Foundation - OPC Historical Data Access Specification - Version 1.20, Released December 10, 2003

OPC Foundation - OPC Historical Data Access Automation Interface Standard - Version 1.0, Released
January 26, 2001

OPC Foundation - OPC Common Definitions and Interfaces - Version 1.0, Released October 27, 1998

Note that users wanting to develop OPC HDA clients using Visual Basic or VBA will find the Automation Interface
Standard most helpful.

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DeltaV OPC History Server


The DeltaV OPC History Server provides access to continuous historical data stored by the DeltaV Continuous
Historian.

DeltaV OPC History Server COM Objects


The DeltaV OPC History Server provides the IOPCHDA Server Object, as illustrated below. The ProgID used to
create an instance of the DeltaV OPC History Server is "DeltaV.OPCHDAsvr." An instance of the DeltaV OPC
History Server (DOPCHDA1.exe) runs on each DeltaV node where the DeltaV Continuous Historian has been
enabled. Each connection to the DeltaV OPC History Server has an instance of an IOPCHDA Server Object. The
IOPCHDA Browser Object may only be created by invoking one of the methods in the IOPCHDA_Server
interface.
The optional IOPCHDA Client Object may be implemented by client applications needing to be notified when the
DeltaV services are stopped. Clients implementing this interface must respond to the ShutdownRequest method
in a timely manner.

Figure 3 OPC HDA Historian Server Model

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DeltaV OPC Historical Data Access

Figure 4 OPC HDA Historian Browser Object

Figure 5 OPC HDA Historian Client Model

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DeltaV OPC Historical Data Access

OPC HDA Custom Interfaces and Methods


Individuals writing programs to access the DeltaV Continuous Historian data using the DeltaV OPC History Server
should be familiar with the OPC Historical Data Access Specification, Version 1.2, released December 10, 2003.
The DeltaV OPC History Server implements the following OPC HDA custom interfaces and methods.

IOPCCommon
The IOPCCommon interface is defined in the OPC Common Definitions and Interfaces specification, Version 1.0,
Dated October 27, 1998. The following methods make up this interface:
IOPCCommon::SetLocaleID
The only supported locale is English with a sublanguage of US English.
IOPCCommon::GetLocaleID
The value returned from this method corresponds to English with a sublanguage of US English.
IOPCCommon::QueryAvailableLocaleIDs
The available locale is returned by this method.
IOPCCommon::GetErrorString
This method may be used to convert from an HRESULT returned by any of the methods or the HRESULT for an
HDA Item into a user friendly description of the error.
IOPCCommon::SetClientName
This method may be used by a client to set the name of the client. The client name is used in some of the events
recorded in the Windows Event Log.

IConnectionPointContainer
The IConnectionPointContainer is a Microsoft defined interface used to obtain call back interfaces. The DeltaV
OPC History Server implements this interface in support of the client providing an IOPCShutdown interface. The
methods making up this interface are:
IConnectionPointContainer::EnumConnectionPoints
Only the IOPCShutdown interface is included in the IEnumConnectionPoints enumerator.
IConnectionPointContainer::FindConnectionPoint
This method may be used to obtain the IConnectionPoint interface corresponding to the IID_IOPCShutdown.

IOPCShutdown
This is a client-side interface used by the DeltaV OPC History Server to notify clients when the supporting DeltaV
services are shutting down. The single method provided by this interface is:
IOPCShutdown::ShutdownRequest
This method is invoked by the DeltaV OPC History Server to notify the client that the DeltaV services are shutting
down.

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DeltaV OPC Historical Data Access

IOPCHDA_Server
This interface is the primary interface for the DeltaV OPC History Server. The IOPCHDA_Server interface
provides a method for setting up access to historical data values. The methods that make up this interface are:
IOPCHDA_Server::GetItemAttributes
This method returns the list of attributes supported by the DeltaV OPC History Server. These are:

Data Type

Stepped

ItemID

Maximum Time Interval

Minimum Time Interval

Exception Deviation (result expressed in engineering units)

Module Description*

Engineering Units*

Engineering Unit 100% (EU100)*

Engineering Unit 0% (EU0)*

Last Download*

Currently On Scan*

DeltaV Named Set*

* Represents the current value of the attribute as retrieved from the run-time system.

IOPCHDA_Server::GetAggregates
This method returns the list of aggregates supported by the DeltaV OPC History Server. These are:

Interpolative

Time Average

Count

Minimum Actual Time

Minimum

Maximum Actual Time

Maximum

Start

End

Total

Average

Range

Standard Deviation

IOPCHDA_Server::GetHistorianStatus

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This method may be used to obtain the status of the DeltaV OPC History Server.
IOPCHDA_Server::GetItemHandles
This method returns associations between server handles and client handles for specific OPC HDA items.
IOPCHDA_Server::ReleaseItemHandles
This method releases associations between server handles and client handles for specific OPC HDA items.
IOPCHDA_Server::ValidateItemIDs
This method validates that specific OPC HDA item IDs are known to the server.
IOPCHDA_Server::CreateBrowse
This method returns a pointer to an OPCHDA_Browser interface. The Item ID filtering is specified as part of the
creation of a new browser.

IOPCHDA_Browser
This interface provides a method to access the list of OPC HDA Item IDs that pass the filter criteria set when this
browser was created. It should be noted that the DeltaV Continuous Historian provides a flat list of historical
parameters. Thus, the DeltaV OPC History Server provides a flat list of OPC HDA Item IDs. The methods that
make up this interface are:
IOPCHDA_Browser::GetEnum
This method returns an enumeration containing all of the OPC HDA Item IDs provided by the DeltaV Continuous
Historian that pass the filter criteria.
IOPCHDA_Browser::ChangeBrowsePosition
This method may be used to move up and down the list of OPC HDA Item IDs or to move directly to a particular
OPC HDA Item ID.
IOPCHDA_Browser::GetItemID
This method provides a way to obtain the current OPC HDA Item ID.
IOPCHDA_Browser::GetBranchPosition
This method provides the current OPC HDA Item ID.

IOPCHDA_SyncRead
This interface provides access to the data held by the DeltaV Continuous Historian.
IOPCHDA_SyncRead::ReadRaw
This method reads the values, qualities, and timestamps from the DeltaV Continuous Historian database for the
specified time domain for one or more OPC HDA Items.
IOPCHDA_SyncRead::ReadProcessed
This method requests an aggregate value or values to be computed by the DeltaV Continuous Historian for one or
more OPC HDA Items, providing values, qualities, and timestamps. See IOPCHDA_Server::GetAggregates for a
list of supported aggregates.
IOPCHDA_SyncRead::ReadAtTime
This is an optional method and is not supported by the DeltaV OPC History Server at this time.

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DeltaV OPC Historical Data Access

IOPCHDA_SyncRead::ReadModified
This is an optional method and is not supported by the DeltaV OPC History Server at this time.
IOPCHDA_SyncRead::ReadAttribute
This method reads the attribute values and timestamps for the specified time domain for an item. The DeltaV
OPC History Server only supports current values for attributes. See IOPCHDA_Server::GetItemAttributes for a list
of supported attributes.

OPC HDA Client Connectivity


OPC HDA clients may be installed on the Application Station and connect locally to the DeltaV OPC History
Server or they may be installed on non-DeltaV workstations and connect remotely to the DeltaV OPC History
Server. If an OPC HDA client is installed on a non-DeltaV workstation, the DeltaV OPC client utility OPC Remote
must be installed on the non-DeltaV workstation. OPC Remote is required on the non-DeltaV workstation in order
to establish client connection to the DeltaV OPC History Server. Installing the OPC Remote utility on the nonDeltaV workstation will create a DeltaV Admin account and install and register the appropriate OPC proxy/stub
DLLs required by the DeltaV OPC History Server. To install the OPC Remote utility, use the setup file located in
the OPC Remote directory on the DeltaV Installation DVD (Disk 1, DV_Extras\OPCRemote.exe). The version of
OPC Remote must be the same as the installed version of the DeltaV system software.

Licensing Requirements
The DeltaV OPC History Server is available on the ProfessionalPLUS Station and the Application Station. One
OPC Historical Data Access client connection is provided free of charge. If more than one concurrent OPC
Historical Data Access client connection is required, the DeltaV OPC History Server may be purchased to provide
up to 25 concurrent OPC HDA client connections on the ProfessionalPLUS Station and the Application Station.
Contact your local Emerson Process Management sales office for more information.

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