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IA-BRL-M-QVCA I

MlCh Sl~llfl901 I PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION


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Maximum Marks: 250

Time allowed: Three Hours

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Question Paper Specific Instructions


Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions:
There are EIGHT questions divided in two SECTIONS and printed both in HINDI and in
ENGLISH.
Candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all.
Questions no. 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, THREE are to be attempted
choosing at least ONE from each section.
The number of marks carried by a question f part is indicated against it.
Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which must be
stated clearly on the cover of this Question-cum-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the space provided. No
marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the authorized one.
. Word limit in questions, wherever specified, should be adhered to.
Attempts of questions shall be counted in chronological order. Unless struck off, attempt of a
question shall be counted even if attempted partly. Any page or portion of the page left blank in the
answer book must be clearly struck off.

A-13KL-M-QVCA

SECT ION A

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(b)

(c)
(d)

(e)

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Answ er the following quest ions in not more than 150 words each
:
(a)

3fu:

10x5=50

How did tradit ional public admin istrat ion "resol ve a funda menta
lly
irreso lvable problem - creati ng an admin istrat ion stron g enoug
h to be
effective but not so stron g enoug h to endan ger accou ntabil ity" ?

10

The theor y of 'organ izatio nal incom peten ce' has two separ
ate and
distin ct faces. Exam ine Chris Argyr is' views on this.

10

"In the globa lized public admin istrat ion, hiera rchy creat es more
ethica l
probl ems than it solves .... "Com ment.

10

Publi c Admi nistra tion in the neo-li beral era IS gover ned
less by
instru ment s of intern al accou ntabil ity and more by those of
exter nal
accou ntabil ity. Elabo rate.
10
Discu ss the view that "tribu nals shoul d have the same degre
e of
indep enden ce from the execu tive as that enjoyed by the Supre me
Court
and the High Court s, espec ially for those tribun als that look over
the
funct ions of High Court s."
10

A -!3/?L-M-QVCA

Q2.

(a)

(b)

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(a)

"New Public Managemen t may have neither been the saviour its
enthusiasts promised nor the devil its critics worried it would be."
Discuss.
25

(b)

"The design of the physical structure, the anatomy of the organization


came first, and was indeed the principal consideratio n."
"An organization is a system of interrelated social behaviours of
participants ."
Analyse these statements and evaluate the contribution s of the
respective approaches to administrat ion theory.
25

(a)

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(a)

"Decisions are not made by 'organizatio ns', but by 'human beings'


behaving as members of organization s." How do Bernard and Simon
conceptualiz e the relation between the decisions of the individual
employee and the organization al authority ?
20
"A variety of different organization al arrangemen ts can be used to

(b)

provide different public goods and services." Explain the theory


underlying this proposition and its potential contribution .
(c)

15

What is the nature of psychological contract pursued by organization al


managemen t through authority and the employees through exertion of
upward influence ?
15

A -13/?L-M-QVCA

Q4.

(a)

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(a)

Structural theory is, by and large, grounded in classical principles of


25
efficiency, effectivenes s and productivity . Explain.

(b)

"Public int erest is still inadequate as a ground concept to evaluate public


25
policy." Discuss.

A-131\L-M-QVCA

~B

SECTIONB
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Answer the following questions in not more than 150 words each :

Q6.

10x5=50

(a)

"Comparative Public Administration both resembles and differs from


modern organization theory." Elaborate.
10

(b)

"In organizational analysis there is always gender around." (Gouldner).


Argue.
10

(c)

What is administrative elitism ? How does it evolve in public


administration ? Elaborate your response with reference to historical
examples.
10

(d)

The success rate of e-government projects in most developing countries


is stated to be rather low. Assess the reason.
10

(e)

What new models of budgetary capacity and incapacity have emerged


after the decline of Planning Programming Budgeting and Zero-based
Budgeting ?
10

(a)

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A-13KL-M-QVCA

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(a)

"Fo r tho se wh o use the eup hem ism


of 'sh are d pow er' for par tici pat ion ,
the app rop riat e lite ratu re for gui
dan ce is pra ctic al politics, not
org ani zat ion and ma nag em ent ."
"St ron g sta te and stro ng civil society
are the nee d to develop bot h
par tici pat ory democracy and res pon
siv e gov ern me nt as mu tua lly
rein for cin g and sup por tive ."

(b)

(c)

Q7 .

(a)

(b)

Bri ng out the my ths and rea liti es ass


oci ate d wit h public par tici pat ion .
20
" .... in mo st cas es .. .. new ly ind epe nde
nt sta tes , of the nat ion s of Africa,
Asi a and Lat in America, des pite the
ir differences .... are in tran siti on. "
(Fe rre l Hea dy) . Wh at com mo n fea tur
es are ind ica tive of cha rac teri stic s
of the ir adm inis trat ive pat ter ns (cu ltur
es) ?
15
"To talk abo ut the reg ula tor y fram ewo
rk is to talk abo ut gov ern anc e."
An aly se the sta tem ent in the con tex
t of pub lic- priv ate par tne rsh ips and
ide ntif y the ele me nts of reg ula tion .
15
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A-13KL-M-QVCA

cfa

QS.

(a)

"Economic reforms are a work in progress with the state reluctant to


fully relinquish its reins." Discuss the statement with regard to
15
implementation of economic reforms in India.

(b)

"The policy process was not structured in the way required by


bureaucratic planning."
"Arguably, incrementalism now stands most in contrast to neo-liberal
nationality that impose markets against both gradual change and
democratic liberalism."
20
Analyse these two statements.

(c)

Budget allocation involves series of tensions between actors with


different backgrounds, orientations and interests and between
15
short-term goals and long-term institutional requirements. Discuss.

(a)

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(iii)

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A-13KL-M-QVCA

(b)

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(a)

Read the following instance s carefully and suggest what specific


perspect ives on organiza tional psychology of motivat ion would help the
concern ed organiza tion to reconcile the needs of the following four
30
persons with the needs of the organiza tion :
(i)

Mr. A comes to his office with clocklike punctua lity; does his work
with impecca ble honesty and integrity ; takes order from above
gladly; respond s well to overture s by peers; but neither mixes with
anyone himself nor seeks anyone's company. What is more, he
seems quite happy in his isolation.

(ii) Mr. B is an efficient charge-h and at the welding shop. He is very


outgoing and makes friends fast, but falls out with them very fast
too. He is, however, easily pacified when anyone asks him to calm
down in the n ame of the organiza tion.
(iii) Dr. Cis completely happy and abso.r bed when he is teaching in the
classes, and does not at all mind when his workloa d gets heavier
and cover s new areas. But he gets angry when the finance section
raises objections about his medical bills; and is furious that the
higher adminis tration is yet to give him full tenure.
(iv) Mr. Dis a metallu rgist in the forge shop of the steel plant, and has
received honours for his innovati veness in modifying conventional
alloys. He also paints well and values his painting skills far more
than his metallu rgy--and is extreme ly unhapp ytnat the compan y
house joumal did not finally carry his water sketch on its front
cover.
(b)

Suppose the Governm ent of India is thinking of construc ting a dam in a


mounta in valley girded by forests and inhabite d by ethnic commun ities.
What rational techniqu es of policy analysis should it resort to for coping

with likely uncertainties and unforeseen contingencies?

A-13KL-M-QVCA

20

A-BRL-M-QV CB
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PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION (PAPER- II)

ITime Allowed : Three Hours

j Maximum Marks

250 j

QUESTION PAPER SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONS


(Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions)
There are EIGHT questions divided in two Sections and printed both in HINDI and
in ENGLISH.
Candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all.
Question Nos. 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, THREE are to be attempted
choosing at least ONE question from each Section.
The number of marks carried by a question/part is indicated against it.
Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which must
be stated clearly on the cover of this Question-cum-An swer (QCA) Booklet in the space
provided. No marks will be given for answers written in medium other than the authorized
one.
Word limit in questions, wherever specified, should be adhered to.
Attempt s of questions shall be counted in chronological order. Unless struck off, attempt of a
question shall be counted even if attempted partly. Any page or portion of the page left blank
in the Question-cum-A nswer Booklet must be clearly struck off.

[P.T.O.

"&lJS-A / SECTION-A
1.

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:
10x5=SO

Attempt the following in about 150 words each :


(a)

" :crri\ ~'

1853

"B

m'11\cl it~~~~{!''~ ~ I

"The Charter Act of 1853 marked the beginning of parliamentary system in


India." Explain .
(b)

(c)

"~ Ben f.iu:Ta:R!T, fc!fm:fPT<l ~ ~ ~ '11: ;mmfuf ~ 1" RuTufi ~I


"Civil service neutra lity is founded on the application of the principles of Rule
of Law. " Comment.
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~311

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"The second generation reforms in the Panchayati Raj institutions have


changed Panchayats from an agency of develop ment at local level into a
political institution." Discuss.
(d)

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"Finance Commission in India performs the job of statistics aggregation."


Comment.
(e)

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"Planning enables comprehensive and scientific understanding of problems."


Examine the statement in the context of planning methodology.

2.

(a)

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(WMTT 250 ~ -ij)


procedures,
established
by
character ized
agencies,
"Bureaucratic
disaster
handle
to
ideal
not
are
objectives,
clear
leadership,
specialization,
management." Examine with reference to the need for administrative flexibility
20
in managing disasters. (In about 250 words)
(b)

"~eft~ (.'i!Cfi~11tfl ~'QTU ~ ~

'fifcrtrR ~ ~

~~~

cnl "Sl'mfcru ~

~1"

~ ~ l (WMTT 250 ~ il)

"The liberal-democrati c ideology of the West influenced the shaping of value


20
premises of the Indian Constitution." Discuss . (In about 250 words}
(c)

&b "3W11 ~ full: fq Ill 'c@ 1l.Cfi Cfi 1(Vq RCfi "Cfi~ ~ I" \1>JFfi R1 ~l wu, \ill B\CfiR en) fcrf~ "f<lD 'R
~ C!imT t mcfi'Ttt ~ ~ ~ ~ "BG~ -q fcl~J14o1 cR I (~,:rrr 15 0 ~ -ij)
"~

"Autonomy to public sector undertakings is a myth." Analyse in the context of


the use of govemment expenditures by politicians who control govemments at
10
different levels. (In a bout 150 words)

3.

(a)

~ ~

<!

u<1

~ 3mft ~ 1" ~

\ifR ~ ~ fu; ~ ~ 3fu: Cfll.1fCI~q m ~ ~ "ffli<l ~-m ~


<! wm ~~'If -q ~ <! ~ Cfil w&fUT ~ 1 (~'lfTT 25o ~ -q)

"Laws are en acted without involving the police in the conception stage, with the
r esult implementation of these laws leaves much to be desired." Examine th e
role of police in protection of children. (In about 250 words)
20

(b)

"~ {if.Clcm1~, ~ ~ ~ >mTtR 3fu:

'fW;,

~ W~

%1"

mcflR

~ fclf'!ffl &l~ 1Cfl014l -q ~ 'f~ ~

~~I (~'lfTT 250 ~

-q)

"Central Secretariat is the nodal agency for a dministering the Union subj ects
a nd establishing coordination among the various activities of the governmen t."
Discuss. (In about 250 words)
20

(c)

CFn \1""4q 11.1 ~ CfllllTI.1ll

(~'lfTT 150 ~

'Cfll

WITH ~

<!

311<HllCflC1 I

%?

~~ ~ ~ ~'If

-q W&fUT

~I

-q)

Is there a need to dispense with the Office of the Governor? Examine in th e


con text of coalition governments. (In abou t 150 words)

4.

{a}

"~ ~

-q

fP""li\'il<Hc;l '1.1"~

3fu:

C't;r,:,lllCfl{OI

~ ~m ~ ~'If

cfi'l

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~-~ 41"'1"'1(11\1

-q

10

%, ~ ~ ~ {Ojll(3'i(<:"IOJCfl ~ ~ Cfl'RUT -;r ~' ~


fclcnm ~ Cfl'RUT% 1" ~ Cfi~ cfi'l ~ q ~ ~ . ~

'O<lT&l1 ~ 1 ('WT'lV! 25o ~

-q)

"Th ere is a tendency of centralism in Indian federalism, but it is not because of


its institutional framework but b ecause of its socialist goals and centrally
d evised plan d evelopment." Explain th e statement in the context of
Union-State relationship. (In about 250 words)
20

(bJ

..~ ~ ~

3fu:

-q ~

~ ~ C1ct>;:flcfil

<!

tRm:

~ ~ ~

l;ilcf\'llRCfl ~

-B ~~,

q1{<:m111

3fu:

\'ilctli!~Q~ ~%

'Cfl\cft %!" W8JUT ~ 1 (~'lfTT 250 ~ -q)

"Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Panchayat's


functions enhances efficiency, tra n sparency and accountability a nd a lso
induces mass ICT culture. " Examine. (In about 250 words)
20

(c)

":sr~lll;iRCfl ~ ~

f.rufm <! ~ Bl=ftm ~

~ I " ~ 51:tlll;iRCfl ~ ~ ~

it Ruroft 'Cfl't I

<! m

~ ~ 'Cfll.~ ~ CROT

(~ 150 ~

it)

"Judicial review of administrative tribunal's decisions d efeats the very objective


of establish ing tribunals." Comment with reference to Centra l Administr ative
Tribunal. (In about 15_0 words)

10

[P.T.O.

~-B

SECTIO N-B

s. f.p.,r~fu!o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 15o ~ -B ~

-::r

m.
10x5=5 0

Attemp t the followin g in not more than 150 words each


(a)

" m ~ ~ 41::tlr4Cfl ~

3lfqq:;

!1ullr4Cfl ~ )l(fto

-B

Cfill "FioiGl<t> ~ ~

men ~ 1"

cfiT

~an

\;f.1

311CI~ll<t>ol~

~ Cfl2R CfiT "11ChKC1 ~ ~ ~~

-q

cfiT

'Wf -q

-q"fta:fUT ~ 1

but
"Public Admini stration today tends to be less public in quantita tive ter ms,
e
more respons ive to public needs than before in qualitat ive terms." Examin
with referenc e to citizen- centric adminis tration.
(b)

"~ Gf"!Z ~ ~
l{_<'"ll i<t>""l

'Bti'Cf

m CfiT CJ1T\UT ~ fcn "3B ~ ~ Cf <t>l<fSf>JOtl -ij 'ffi1l. 'fcnm 1Tm ~ 41::tlr4Cfl

~ 'm I"

f.r&:ffir

Gf"!Z ~

-q f.li%cr

cfiT Blfta;n

q;{ I

"Perfor mance budgeti ng failed because it was applied to sectors /progra mmes
where quantita tive evaluat ion was not feasible ." Examin e the prin ciples
underly in g perform ance budgeti ng techniq ues.
(c)

3{t;ff.r
"~ ~ <fu ~. ~ ~ cnT 1857 ~ ~
<l>2R CfiT ~ ~ :m~, 1861 ~ ~~ -q fcl~~t!lOI q;{1

Cfl"8

~~

s{

~I" ~

the
"The design of the Indian Police was to subjuga te the Indian People in
1861.
of
Act
Police
a ftermath of 1857." Analyse in the context of the Indian
(dJ

(e)

cn1
~ ~ ~rPnR1<t> ~ Cfill CfiG -B 3Wr~ 3ltt ~qcn "CflP-f ~ 0fTCr -B mm~
~ flrWft I'' fZu:luft ~ I
the
"Reduc ing the size (geogra phical a rea) of the district will provide relief to
overbur dened and overwo rked collecto r." Comme nt.
' \1141 ~ Cfl ~a.'fUT ~ 31CftffiUTT q {Al \II IC1 ~a.'fUT

B~

cx.ncrCfl ~ I"

fla:!uft

q;{ I

nal
"The concep t of social audit is more compre hensive than that of traditio
audit." Comme nt.

6.

(a)

"fclih~st!Cfl\OI CfiT

1lltftcn<ft

~ ~

-q

~ ~

>lfsn<rr

~ ~I"

WffiR

~ ~~

-q

fcl~(')~U[ q;{ I (~ 250 ~

"ij)
"Gandh ian model of decentr alizatio n is similar to the process of reinven ting
20
governa nce." Analyse in the context of good governa nce. (In a b out 250 words)
(b)

''>TGi~ ~311m\~~~ :mf$l;

B SIJ)\flifl{UI CfiT 'ill{~~ 1" m


Cfi't I

w.ffir 3fu:

-q ~

qft=qtfH

51UIIf<14l Cf

ov:IT <fum 3ltt ~


~~ -q ~ <l>2R ~ ~
i:1Cf>oftfch4l

-B

~tm

(Wllfll 250 ~ it)

"Accou nting is the essence of produ cing prompt ly and clearly the facts relating
of
to fmancia l conditio ns and operatio ns th at are require d as a basis
ing
account
of
c;ontext
the
manage ment." Substan tiate the stateme nt in
20
method s and techniq ues in governm ent. (In about 250 words)

7.

~ Cf ~ SPw*iRCfi

Bcn3if

Cf ~ ~

(c)

clit m3lf lR cfto ito ~&JII~illtl ~


(1962) cfit ~ ~;W Cf1l ~~I (~~ 150 ~it)
Explain the importa nt recomm endatio ns of V. T. Krish namach ary Commit
tee
( 1962 ) on Indian and State Admini strative Service s and problem s of District
Admini stration . (In about 150 words)
10

(a)

"<lQ "fcRR: ~ fcf; 73cn Bm~ ~ 3fn: ~ WtRl ~ 1i~ 3BT "Sfcl1R
clit "f~HHHOI ~
~ ~ ~ ~ Cf ~ mCfiRT ~ 1i~ t ~ {I'Jl't;)tflll 3ij)~ll*i<it\1<idl CfiT ~ ~
J" (~
~) fltqufr <t>11 (~ 250 ~ it)

"The 73rd Amend ment, it is felt, may accentu ate fiscal indiscip line
by
establis hing between States a nd Local Govern ments a system of transfer
s
similar to the on e in place between the Centr al and State Govern ments."
(World Bank) Comme nt . (In abou t 250 words)
20
(b)

" mY

~
'-l

<J'I\41 ~ Cfil

.
~ -+
Cf'l ~
tit'-l-1 mil<ik~Cfi

31f~ ~ ~ ~ ~~

"R
CT q A
<illfH
'ilJ.fl i '41"'

24
~
~101 c; 1"

4
74q

.....;....;+
~Htt'Q1

it Lftt~ Cf>11 (~WI 250 ~ it)


"Munic ipa l Admini stration in India faces both s tructura l and operatio
nal
challen ges." Examin e in the context of post-74 th Amend ment Act. (In about
250 words)
(c)

"m ~ ~ ~ mlftuT ~3il


~

fcfi<n

~ ~ it
~1" ~ Cf>11 (~WI 150 ~ it)

*iiihfficti

~mflT<n ~ *i~lfu><t>\01 ~ ~

20

it

"Self-H elp Groups (SHGs) have contrib uted to a chan ge in the role of rura
l
women in develop me n t-from symboli c particip ation to empowe rment."
Discuss . (In a bout 150 words)
10

8 . (a)

"mY it~ Cf1l 311m~ o~ 3Naf~ Cf1l <1"14lRJCfi(OI

Wfcf

~ ~

00

~ 9m

cfit

i-1lffi ~l

GHt ~ ~ 1" Lftta.1UT Cf>1 ~ ~


<8 ~ <t>1 1 (~ 250 ~ it)

"Th ere is both crimina lisation of politics and politicis ation of crimina ls
in
India. " Examin e and identify the challeng es they cause for law a nd order
admini stration . (In a bout 250 words)
(b)

">mm<fi ~ ~ l@ ~

31f~ "CfiT

~ ~ fcf; ~

~I" ~

l."i'ICfictiG<t> ~ ~ ~ fc!m m 3Nft ~


~~ it iZaprft <t>11 <~WI 2so ~ it)

it 'HTICm: ~
"The basic ethical problem for an adminis tr ator is to d etermin e how he/she
can use discreti onary power in a way that is consiste nt with democr atic
values." Comm ent with referenc e to corrup tion in a dminist ration. (In about
250 words)
(c)

20

fcf;Bt O!l'T Cfi1 mY clit ~ f.IToq "it ~ lTR ~ ~ ~mf.rcf; mcftfR Cf1l ~ ~ Cf>11
(~"o/f 150 ~ "ij)
Justify the constitu tional provisio n to treat certain expend iture as charged
upon the Con solidate d Fund of India. (In about 150 word s)

20

10

***
5

BS4- 3 150