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The High and Mighty

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August23rd,1919

Carnegie: A Legend
By: JORDAN DELGADO
Andrew
Carnegie,
the
founder and owner of the
Carnegie Steel company,
was a great philanthropist
and
had
many
groundbreaking ideas. He
also strongly believed in
world peace. Carnegie, a
national
figure
now
recently deceased, has left
a lasting effect on our
country
that will be
present for years to come.

playground for the rich,


has become one of the
wealthiest up-and-coming
neighborhoods in New York.

theme of the new woman,


someone who is independent
and intelligent. The new
woman idea, which is now
popular, is evident in the
simplistic
and
sporty
clothing from back then.
Here are the items that are
expected to be seen very
soon: (Cont.)

Many old families of New


York
originally
disapproved of the new rich
coming in and building in
the area. But, over time,
they too began to build
their great mansions on
Millionaires Row, just as
Carnegie had. These great
palaces are beautifully
constructed with
great
architecture
techniques
from all around Europe to
(Cont. 2)
give
these
houses
an
ornate,
elegant
look.
By: MARLEY MAJETTE
(cont.8 )
Ratification is all we
need, it is all women need
to succeed.
This will be a triumph
after the 70 years of womens
(Cont. 3)
suffrage movements and
Items from the 1880s that are making reform appeals, we have

broken a barrier that


a comeback.
Andrew Carnegie in his prime years.
people deemed unbreakable.
By: NORA OLAGBAJU
Wearing
the
clothes
that
The right to vote will be a
One of the lasting effects
Carnegie left was his home. your parents wore seems true victory for women all
In his life, Carnegie built unheard of, but to much across the country.
a house in Millionaires surprise, the practical and
The womens
Row on Fifth Avenue. This
simple style of the late
suffrage
area, which has gone from a
movement
run-down lesser populated 1800s is what is to be
expected for the coming
started in
area to a
fall. The fashion shows a
(Cont. 2)

WOMEN WORK
TOWARDS THE RIGHT
TO VOTE!

Fashion Blast From


the Past.

HIGH AND MIGHTY! YOU CANT BEAT THE ELITE 1

Remember the First


Car?

of durability. Especially on the


cobble streets of New York,the
Wagon was liable to break
down, and spare parts werenot
exactlyabundant. But, future
models
improved.
The
Motorwagen would become
much faster, as well as more
comfortable.
No matter the counts
against it, the Benz Patent
Motorwagenwas byfarthemost
innovative
invention
in
transportation for the high class
in the late 1800s. It would even
be fair to say that this vehicle
was the first step towards
changing the way the wealthy
traveled. Today, many of New
Yorks elite own a car,
specifically the Americanmade
FordModel T.Everyautomobile
made today and in the future
owes itsfoundationstotheBenz
PatentMotorwagen.

futureforgenerationstocome.
In 1869, the National Woman
Suffrage
Association
was
founded by Susan B. Anthony
and Elizabeth Cady Stanton to
push the U.S. Constitution for a
woman suffrage amendment.
Another
organization,
the
American Woman Suffrage
Association, led by Lucy Stone,
was formed inthe same year to
work
through the state
legislatures. In 1890, these two
groups were united as the
National American Woman
Suffrage Association.Thatyear,
Wyoming became the firststate
tograntwomentherighttovote.
In 1916 the National
Woman's Party, formed in 1913
at the Congressional Union for
Woman Suffrage, decided to
adopt a more abstract approach
to woman suffrage. Instead of
lobbying, the members picketed
the White House,marched,and
staged
acts
of
civil
disobedience.
In 1917, during World
War I, women assisted thefight
via
their
recent
heavy
(Cont.)
participation in the industrial
in 1848 in Seneca Falls, New
workforce.By 1918, womenhad
York led by Elizabeth Cady
acquired equal suffrage with
Stanton and 200 other women
menin15states,andboththe
whoseekedabetter

By:CHARLESGRYDER
Karl Benz, a German inventor,
was grantedapatentin1885for
his invention, the Benz Patent
Motorwagen. It was a carriage
capable of carrying two people,
powered by a small gas motor.
This proved to be the future of
transportation for the wealthy.
The new motorized carriage
showed how to eliminate all of
the issues with horsedrawn
carriages, but the model at the
time wasstillquiteinconvenient.
The motor was near deafening,
along with the strong odor of
gasoline, something that a high
class lady or man should not
havetoendure.
The many issues that
arose with the Motorwagen
made it so that the invention
was notyet ready forthestreets
of New York. The carriage had
to be fed fuel constantly by
hand, becauseitdidnot contain
a large tank, which made it a
problemwhen tryingtoenterthe
city from the mansions out on
the edge of New York. Maybe
the greatest tick against the
motorcarriagewasitslack
Democratic
and
Republican parties openly
endorsed
female
worn correctly, accentuate the
enfranchisement.
slim waist which has always
In January 1918, the
beeninfashion.
woman suffrage amendment

WOMEN WORK
TOWARDS THE RIGHT
TO VOTE!

A LOOK BACK AT
THE TREATY OF
VERSAILLES

HIGH AND MIGHTY! YOU CANT BEAT THE ELITE 2

passed
the
House
of
Representatives with the
necessary
two-thirds
majority
vote. We are
nearing the finish line.
Nationwide womens suffrage
is right around the corner
for us. As long as the women
keep persevering and never
give up, we will reach the
goal; a milestone of much
needed appreciation.

Fashion Blast From


the Past
(Cont.)
The
simple
tailored
dress- This look can be
worn
anywhere,
it is
comfortable yet classy.
This is a transition from
the previously impractical
and extravagant clothing
that women were expected to
wear.
-The
cuirasse
bodice
flatters the shape, and full
sleeves usually accompany
this look.
-If you are headed out to a
gala or an evening party,
please remember that large
exaggerated sleeves are
only appropriate in the
daytime. These sleeves, if
euros,an exorbitant amount
of money, and many are
doubtful of Germanys
ability to pay it.
The last major component of
the treaty was the creation
of something called the

Believe it or not accessories


from the past arealso makinga
return!
Parasolswere all the rageback
in the late 1880s but many
women have decided to bring
backthedaintyumbrellas.
Short heels make it easier for
women to go around to run
errands and attend clubs. A
rarityofthepast!
Hats the bigger the better
especially if it matches your
sleeves.
These are just some of the few
items to put on your shopping
list for this fall! Remember to
always dress your best, it
reflectssuccess!

Check This Out!

By: CHARLES GRYDER


With the recent signing of
the Treaty of Versailles, on
June 28 of this year, it
feels right to take a look
back at what this treaty
means. The treaty itself,
ending the Great War, was
signed by the Germans and
the Allied Powers. It
contains many terms, most
of them against the German
people. A lot of land was
taken from Germany, most of
it being given to
surrounding countries,
such as Belgium and France.
Germany has an impending
recession on their hands.
The treaty also prohibited
Germany from uniting with
Austria, further
eliminating its economic
options. In terms of
Germanys mental state, the
treaty required the nation
to admit full
responsibility for the war.
This also means that
Germany must claim
liability for all of the
other involved nations war
debts, further crippling
the nations economy. The
final number assigned for
Germany to pay has been set
at 6,600

wife isnt cheating on you. The


mostimportantthingtodoistalk
to your wife. If that doesntclear
thingsup,youcanaskaroundat
the alleged dance studio, and
see if she has been going to a
HIGH AND MIGHTY! YOU CANT BEAT THE ELITE 3

League of Nations, an
organization designed to
protect and enforce world
peace in an attempt to
prevent another Great War.
This seems like the most
promising component of the
treaty. It is a good step
towards disassembling any
possibility of a nation or
group causing as much harm
to the world as has been
done in the past 5 years. As
we look towards the future,
keep in mind that we must
all work together to keep
ourselves safe, and may we
pray that no other conflict
of this nature will ever
arise.

Ask Elizabeth:
Advice Column

Dear Elizabeth, while my wife


says that she has been taking a
dance class for the past month, I
suspect that she might be
having an affair. What should I
do?
Sincerely, Worried Husband
Dear
Worried
Husband,
there's no need to jump to
conclusions! Im sure your
it also gives it a more
European look.
Another popular trend has
been building fountains
and ponds, and some even go
as far as digging lakes.

class. If she hasnt Im sure


theres aperfectlylogicalreason
why she may be lying to you.
Ask around in her social circle
as well. Maybe shes planning
you a surprise ball, or even
helping out some of the local
unions. Im sure shes just
embarrassed to tell you what
shes really doing if she isnt
reallyatdanceclass.
Bestofluck,Elizabeth.

Take a peek
inside the enemy
that ruins us...

NEW LOOK FOR


NEWPORT
MANSIONS?
By: OLIVIA GONZALEZ

BOSTON - For many years,


Newport residents have
been
designing
their
houses to have the biggest
ballrooms and the most
elegant decor. But could
there be a new way for the
wealthy to design their
estates?
Frederick
Law
Olmsted,
beloved
landscape
architect, has designed
masterpieces, ranging from
Central Park to the gardens
at the Biltmore mansion.
The main focus of these
manors has veered off the
path of chandeliers and
grand
staircases,
and
turned
to
landscape.
According
to
Olmsteds
Yosemite
Valley
and
Mariposa Big Tree Grove
report, "the enjoyment of
scenery employs the mind
without fatigue and yet
exercises it; tranquilizes
it and yet enlivens it[.]"
Not only does adding a
garden
to
an already
luxurious
home
tranquilize the body, but

Americanswho hasfollowedthe
trend set by the Englishmen,
and decided to hire domestic
help. Most ofthe hiredhelphas
some experience,but not much.
For the first few days, you
should show them around your
home, and let them know what
jobs are required of them. Be
sure to establish a clear set of

HIGH AND MIGHTY! YOU CANT BEAT THE ELITE 4

George Vanderbilt, owner of


the Biltmore mansion, has
hired Olmsted to add an
80,000 acre forest, as well
as a lake with two small
islands. Stanford White,
one of the most successful
architects,
has
built
houses such as Newports
own
Rosecliff mansion.
Stanford brings new ideas
to the table such as wider
porches.

rules, as well as consequences


if they dont followthe rules.Itis
essential that you have a good
relationship with your house
staff. Call them by their proper
titles,andtreatthemwell.
Bestofluck,Elizabeth

Pear Soap?

So, if youre looking to


renovate
your
home,
remember
to
add vast
gardens,
bubbling
fountains,
and
wider
porches. Socialites: expect
more garden parties this
season!

Ask Elizabeth:
Advice Column

Dear Elizabeth, what are some


tips on how to treat my
servants? I have recently come
into wealth, and can now afford
live-in help.
Sincerely, Confused
Dear Confused, you are of
the many wealthy

Ladies, this is for


you

Invasion of the
Immigrants

From all around the world,


people from foreign lands
are coming to the United
States to become modern
Americans.
These
new
immigrants, from mostly
southern
and
eastern
Europe, are going to become
the new lower class of the
United States.
Most immigrants are
coming in search of work or
to escape dire situations
in their home country. This
new flow of workers is
turning out well for many
business owners because
the
new
workforce is
willing to work long hours
for less pay. This on its
own creates some natural
competition between the
immigrants and the lower
white class for jobs.
But, this new immigrant
population cannot be like
the upper class because
they are simply unfit to do
so. They will never be
economically, politically,
or religiously the same as
the upper class. In the wise
words of Andrew Carnegie,
The contrast between the
place of the millionaire
and the cottage of the
laborer with us to-day
measures the change which
has
come
with
civilization.

By:JORDANDELGADO
feminine
charm
without
wickedness.
Charles Dana Gibson, born
September 14, 1867 was an
American graphic artist, andthe
creator of the famous Gibson
Girl. Gibson has said that the
source of inspiration was his
four beautiful sisters and lovely
wife.

Gibson was surrounded


by beautiful women. He was
aroundthem allthetime,andhe
once said, By George Ive

HIGH AND MIGHTY! YOU CANT BEAT THE ELITE 5

never seen so many prettygirls


in mylife.Ishouldhavecometo
California to create the Gibson
Girl! Gibson already had an
idea for his Gibson Girl
collection based on his
surroundings. His idea of the
New Woman was simple and
independent. Gibson was able
to depict this new idea of a
woman via his collection which
inturninfluencedsociety.
It is believed that the
original Gibson Girl may have

A Recollection of
The Gibson Girl:
Americas New
Woman
By: MARLEY MAJETTE
Stylishly
dressed

assertive, the Gibson Girl


was a man's fantasy and a
young girls role model.
Charles
Dana
Gibson
captured the New Woman as
simply
dressed
and
independent. A woman with
magazine. A spot in Life
Magazine helped Charles
Dana Gibson promote his
idea of the New Woman and,

been a telephone operator or


radiowoman.
were the aftershocks of this
event, and how it reshaped the
landscape of New Yorks upper
class. The Vanderbilts, a
relatively newlywealthyfamilyin
terms of New York, had never
truly been accepted into the
400 Club, the top 400 people
in New Yorks hierarchy, which
was, at the time, controlled by
the Astor family. In a ploy to
gain entrance to the prestigious
club, Alva Vanderbilt did not
invite the Astors daughter,
causing great distress. Alva
claimed that since the Astors
had not formally acknowledged

However there was chatter


that the original Gibson
Girl was Gibsons wife. She
sure does fit the profile,
simply
dressed,
independent,
and
beautiful. These were the
ideas
of
Gibsons
interpretation of the New
Woman.
The
Gibson
Girl
collection
marked
the
creation of a new fashion
in the modern world. An art
that
was
interesting,
unique,
and
widely
accepted. The Gibson Girl
collection was realistic,
and when one looked at it,
he or she felt as though the
girls had a soul, a mind,
and a heart. Authors like
Henry
James
practiced
realistic
writing
and
Charles
Dana
Gibson
practiced
realistic
fashion in his Gibson Girl
collection. Realism in art
is
unembellished
and
portrayed as much as it can
the full representation and
utter meaning of life. The
Collection portrayed the
view and meaning of the new
woman. The Gibson Girl
collection
was
straightforward and to the
point.
Gibson was paid $50,000 by
Life Magazine. This was the
highest
amount
an
illustrator had been paid
for a spot in their weekly

HIGH AND MIGHTY! YOU CANT BEAT THE ELITE 6

with promotion in popular


magazines, society paid
attention and followed.
The New Woman was what
society needed, so let us
all thank Charles Dana
Gibson for his idea of the
Gibson Girl.

VANDERBILT BALL
SET NEW SOCIAL
STANDARD

By: CHARLES GRYDER


New York, the height of
social class and hierarchy,
sees some of the most
spectacular and lavish
balls
in
the
world.
Hundreds,
sometimes
thousands of the citys
wealthy
show
up
in
horse-drawn
carriages,
wearing
jewel spangled
gowns and suits. Nothing
however compared to the
Great Costume Ball held by
Mrs. Vanderbilt, in March
of 1883. Nearly 1200 of the
worlds elite made an
appearance at the ball, each
of them with spectacular
outfits,
dressed
as
characters and celebrities
from all over the world.
has changed many times
since that one night, but
all these years later,
socialites
everywhere
still try to top the Great
Costume Ball.

the Vanderbilts, she could not


invitetheirdaughter.
This cunning social
strategy ended in success, with
Mrs. Astor personally delivering
her calling card to the
Vanderbilts house, and, in the
eyesof the New York socialites,
bringing the Vanderbilts to the
forefront of the citys wealthy
community. This move showed
that the social hierarchy of the
rich was by no means static,
and that no one was safe in
terms of social status and
power. Alva Vanderbilt had
successfully forced herway into
the New York Elite,breakingthe
Astors
ThoughAndrewCarnegieis
wellknownforhiswealthand
hishome,hisgreatest
accomplishmentwashis
charitablegiving.Throughouthis
life,Carnegieconsistently
donatedhiswealthoutofthe
kindnessofhishearttopeople
inneed.Carnegiebelievedthat
wealthwasnotsomethingthat
shouldbekepttoonesself,but
ratheritshouldbesharedwith
thecommunity.Itisestimated
thathisdonationsreacheda
totalof$350,000,000.Alarge
portionofthismoneywentto
createfreepubliclibraries
throughoutthecountry.These
graciousdonationshelped
communitieschangeandgrow
forthebetter.Aslifegoesonfor
otherAmericans,Andrew
Carnegiesstronglegendof
wealth,technology,and

stranglehold on the top


spot, but it was not only
this victory that makes
this ball significant.
The ball held by the
Vanderbilts set the new
standard
for
wealthy
parties and social events.
It also raised the bar on
how the media covered the
wealthy. The ball was
announced almost a month
before the actual event,
allowing buzz and rumors
to circulate throughout
the community. Journalists
were allowed inside the
venue before the actual
event, so they could see the
decorations and setup of
the ballroom. This all
contributed to the sheer
impact that this ball had
on the New York wealthy.
The Great Costume
Ball
of
1883
sent
shockwaves through the New
York socialite scene, and
proved that the hierarchy
of the rich was susceptible
to massive change, and that
everyone was a target. It
placed a more competitive
feel among the 400 Club,
with everyone trying to
one-up each other, each
party more lavish and
extravagant than the last.
The New York social scene

HIGH AND MIGHTY! YOU CANT BEAT THE ELITE 7

Carnegie: A
Legend
(Cont.)
Alongside its neighbors,
including the homes of
Henry Clay Frick and
Cornelius
Vanderbilt,
Carnegies mansion looks
like any other mansion in
the
neighborhood.
But
there is one difference.
Just like Carnegie ran his
factory
with
technologically advanced
ideas, he ran his household
in the same way. In this
sense, Carnegie left a
legacy of technology and
high levels of intelligence
for the rest of the country
to discover and admire.
Carnegie implemented a
system of cooling and
heating for his mansion by
having outside air brought
in to be heated or cooled to
the desired temperature for
the house. Carnegie was
also very fuel efficient. In
his mansion, he had miner's
carts that carried coal
along a railroad track from
a massive bin to three large
boilers. On a typical
winter day, it took two tons
of coal to heat the house.

philanthropywillliveon
throughouttheyearstoshape
America.

The
Great readers and
appreciators of this paper we
Special Thanks to
-Johnsons
and
Company
Printing Press
-McArthur Editors
-Family of Andrew Carnegie
-Editor-in-chief of Life Magazine
-The Astors
-The Vanderbilts
-Thank you for your support and
generosity
Feel Free to contact us at
(601)-777-8792
Address: 350 5th Ave, New
York, NY 10118
Ask for
Olivia Gonzalez
Marley Majette
Nora Olagbaju
Jordan Delgado
and or Charlie Gryder.
Any of these people will be able to
assist you with whatever you
need.

HIGH AND MIGHTY! YOU CANT BEAT THE ELITE 8

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