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MODEL TEST PAPER 1 (SOL

(SOLVED
SOLVED)
VED)
[For Summative Assessment-1 (Term-I) to be held in September, 2010 & onwards]
(Based on the latest CBSE Sample Paper released by CBSE, New Delhi in July, 2010)
Time : 3 hrs.

Max. Marks : 80

PART-I
Question numbers 1 to 16 carry one mark each.

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General Instructions : Same as given in CBSE Sample Question Paper

1. The number of people who migrated from Europe to America and Australia and
other parts of the world in the 19th century was nearly
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(a) 10 million from Europe and 100 million from all over the world
(b) 20 million from Europe and about 150 million from all over the world
(c) 50 million people from Europe to America and Australia and 150 million from all
over the world migrate
(d) The number is not certain, not enough proof
OR

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Weaving industry finally collapsed by the end of the 19th century. Why?
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(a) All raw materials vanished from India.
(b) Indian weavers took to other professions because of high prices of raw materials.
(c) Indian factories came up and began flooding the market with machine-made
goods.
(d) The British totally monopolised the textile trade.
OR
What is known as the Bloody Sunday of November 1887?
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(a) A riot that took place on a Sunday
(b) A Sunday when a lot of workers donated blood
(c) A riot like the 1886 one occurred in November 1887, the police brutally
suppressed it and it was called A Bloody Sunday
(d) When workers killed a lot of policemen

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2. The full form of IMF and the World Bank are :


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(a) The International Bank for Monetary Fund (IMF) and International Bank for the
World.
(b) The twin Bretton Woods Institutions of Finance
(c) The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the International Bank for
Reconstruction and Development (the World Bank)
(d) None of the above
OR
The new merchants could not set up business in the towns in Europe, because :
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(a) the rules did not allow them to do so.
(b) there were not enough products to start business with, as guilds had monopoly.

Social Science Class X for SA-1 (Term - I)

(c) the powerful trade guilds and urban crafts made it difficult for new merchants to
start business in towns and restricted their entry.
(d) the merchants wanted to do business with village people.
OR

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Temperance Movement was :


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(a) An attempt by the social reformers aimed at reducing consumption of alcoholic
drinks amongst the upper classes
(b) A reform movement led by the rich to stop drinking on the streets
(c) A middle class led social reform movement in Britain and USA aimed at reducing
alcoholism amongst the working classes
(d) None of these

3. When and how did the Chinese start hand printing?


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(a) From the 6th century onwards, Chinese printed by rubbing paper
(b) From AD 594 onwards, books in China were printed by rubbing paper against the
inked surface of wooden blocks
(c) From the 6th century onwards, by printing on this porous sheet
(d) All the above
OR

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What actions of the hero of Daniel Defoes Robinson Crusoe make us see him as
a typical coloniser?
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(a) The hero, Robinson Crusoe, is an adventurer and slave trader.
(b) He treats coloured people as inferior creatures, even when ship wrecked on an
island.
(c) He rescues a native, makes him his slave, arrogantly calls him Friday, thinks the
latter belongs to an inferior community.
(d) All the above

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4. Printers and publishers developed new strategies to sell their products. Which of
the following is not an innovation of the 20th century?
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(a) Cheap paperback editions were printed
(b) The dust cover or the book jacket was an innovation
(c) Important novels were serialised, which led to a new way of writing novels
(d) Popular works were sold in England in cheap series called the shilling series
OR
The similarity between Chandu Menon of Kerala and Kandukuri Viresalingam
of Andhra Pradesh is that :
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(a) they both wrote their first novels in their own mother tongue
(b) they were both sub-judges in their own states
(c) they both first attempted to translate English novels in their mother tongue
(d) none of the above

5. Which one of the following is the main cause of land degradation in states like
Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa?
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(a) Deforestation due to mining
(b) Overgrazing
(c) Over-irrigation
(d) Industrial waste

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6. Which of the following birds do not fall in the category of critical species? 1
(a) Pink-headed duck
(b) Peacock
(c) Mountain quail
(d) Forest-spotted owl

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7. Which of the following environmental damages is not induced due to


multipurpose projects?
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(a) Water-borne diseases and pests
(b) Pollution resulting from excessive use of water
(c) Earthquakes
(d) Volcanic activity

8. White Revolution involves improvement in the production of which of the


following products?
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(a) Cotton
(b) Wheat
(c) Maize or corn
(d) Milk

9. Which of the following is not one of the aspects of separation of powers between
three organs of the government?
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(a) Each organ checks the others
(b) None of the organs can exercise unlimited power
(c) This arrangement is called a system of checks and balances
(d) It is also called vertical distribution of power

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10. Which two historically rival parties formed a coalition government in Germany
after the 2005 elections?
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(1) Christian Democratic Union
(2) Social Democratic Party
(3) Republicans
(4) Democrats
(a) 1, 4
(b) 2, 3
(c) 1, 2
(d) 2, 4
11. When was the report of the States Reorganisation Commission implemented? 1
(a) 1956
(b) 1958
(c) 1960
(d) 1965

12. The percentage of elected women members in the Lok Sabha has never reached
even _______ per cent of its total strength.
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(a) 25%
(b) 15%
(c) 10%
(d) 5%

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13. Countries with per capita income of Rs 4,53,000 per annum and above (in 2004)
are called?
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(a) Rich countries
(b) Low-income countries
(c) Developing countries
(d) None of the above
14. Which of the following neighbouring countries has better performance in terms
of human development rank than India ?
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(a) Bhutan
(b) Sri Lanka
(c) Nepal
(d) None of the above

15. Manufacturing sector is associated with


(a) primary sector (b) secondary sector (c) tertiary sector (d) private sector

16. Manufacturing units in unorganised sector are


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(a) not subject to government regulations (b) subject to government regulations
(c) subject to central banks regulations (d) none of the above
Social Science Class X for SA-1 (Term - I)

Answers for Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)


1. (c) or (c) or (c)
5. (a)
6. (b)
11. (a)
12. (c)

2. (c) or (c) or (c)


7. (d)
8. (d)
13. (a)
14. (b)

3. (b) or (d)
9. (d)
15. (b)

4. (c) or (c)
10. (c)
16. (a)

PART-II
Question numbers 17 to 32 carry three marks each.

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17. What was the impact of First World War on the economic life of the people in
Britain?
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Ans. The First World War had a great impact on the economic life of the people of Britain.
During the war, industries were restructured to produce war-related goods. Entire
societies were reorganised for war. Women had to step in to take up jobs that earlier
only men were expected to do.
After the war, economic recovery proved difficult for Britain. The war had led to an
economic boom due to a large increase in demand, production and employment. As the
war boom ended, it resulted in less production and increased unemployment. In 1921,
one in every five British workers was out of work.
Britain, which was a leading economic power, had to borrow large sums of money
from US banks. This led to increased suffering of people.
OR

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Explain why women workers attacked spinning jenny.


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Ans. Many workers, especially women, were opposed to the use of spinning jenny and these
machines were targeted and destroyed in many instances of rebellion.
Spinning jenny was capable of speeding up the spinning process and reducing the
labour demand. A worker could set in motion a number of spindles and spin several
threads at the same time by turning one single wheel.
Naturally, the fear of unemployment which was the biggest problem of England in
those days made them hostile to spinning jenny. Women who survived on handspinning attacked them and the conflict remained for a long time.
OR

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Explain the social changes which led to the need for the underground railways in
London.
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Ans. The congestion in the 19th century industrial London had led many wealthy residents
of London to build homes in the countryside. Architect Ebenezer Howard developed
the principle of Garden City, a pleasant place, full of plants and trees, where people
could both live and work. Between the two World Wars, the British state built a million
houses, single family cottages for working classes. The city extended now beyond the
range, where people could walk to work. The development of suburbs made new forms
of mass transport absolutely necessary.
To persuade people to leave the city and live in garden suburbs, some new means of
travelling to the city for work was essential. The London underground railway solved
the housing crisis by carrying large masses of people to and from the city.
18. Explain how print culture had assisted the growth of nationalism in India in the
19th century.
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Ans. (i) Print culture led to publication of most papers in vernacular languages. Many more
journals were published after 1870.
(ii) These journals and newspapers published cartoons and caricatures criticising
imperial rule and commented on social and political issues. The vernacular
newspapers like Tilaks Kesari and Maratha became assertively nationalist and
reported on colonial misrule and encouraged nationalism.
(iii) The repressive measures passed by the British government provoked militant
protest. Tilak was imprisoned for writing about them in his Kesari in 1908. It led
to widespread protests. Print helped the leaders to carry their ideas to people
across India, brought them closer and helped the growth of nationalism.
OR
Give an example to show that novels carried a clear message of reform.
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Ans. Indirabai, a Kannada novel, written by Gulawadi Venkat Rao in 1899, is an example
of how novels carried a message of social reform. The heroine of the novel was
married to an old man as a very young girl. Her old husband died and Indirabai had
to suffer the indignity and sorrow of a widow. Inspite of all opposition from the family
and society, she educated herself. Then she got married again to an English educated,
progressive man. This novel highlighted the plight of widows and problems of early
marriage in Kannada society. It pleaded for education for women.

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19. What did the spread of print culture in the 19th century India mean to :
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(a) women (b) the poor (c) the reformers?
Ans. (a) Women :
(i) Womens reading increased due to education at home and later, in
womens schools.
(ii) Many journals were written for women by women. They contained everything
that would interest a woman household hints, fashions, rituals. Novels in
vernacular languages (Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Tamil and Marathi) highlighted
the miserable conditions of women in society. They spoke against denial of
education to women, supported widow remarriage and national movement.
They serialised stories and provided entertainment to women.
(b) The Poor : Public libraries were opened in big towns, cities and big villages,
which made reading accessible to the general public. Some millworkers of Kanpur
wrote books about the desperate conditions of the poor. Chief among them were
Kashibaba, who wrote Chhote Aur Bade Ka Sawal in 1938 against the caste and
class distinctions. By the 1930s, Bangalore cotton workers also set up libraries to
educate themselves.
OR
Describe in brief the role of novels in popularising the sense of belongingness to
a common nation.
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Ans. (i) Imagining a heroic past was one way in which the novel helped in popularising the
sense of beloging to a common nation.
(ii) Another was to include various classes in the novel so that they could be seen to
belong to a shared world. Prem Chands novels, for example, were filled with all
kinds of powerful characters drawn from all levels of society.
(iii) The novels promoted an understanding of different people, different values and

Social Science Class X for SA-1 (Term - I)

different communities. Bhudeb Mukhopadhyays Anguriyo Binimoy (1857) was


the first historical novel written in Bengali. It glorifies Shivaji and his many battles
against the clever and treacherous Aurangzeb, the Mughal ruler. Shivaji became a
nationalist figure fighting for the freedom of the Hindus.

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20. Write a note on Hickeys Bengal Gazette.


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Ans. Hickeys Bengal Gazette was a weekly magazine, a commercial paper, open to all
and influenced by none. It contained a lot of advertisements, even about import and
sale of slaves. There was a lot of gossip about the Companys senior officials in India.
This enraged Governor-General Warren Hastings so much that he persecuted Hickey.
He even countered his influence by encouraging the publication of official newspapers.
OR
Outline the changes in technology and society which led to an increase in
readership of the novel in the 18th century Europe.
3
Ans. Technological improvement and development in printing led to more and more books
being printed. More books led to larger sales. In fact, the novels were mass produced
and sold rapidly. More books brought the prices down and even the poor could afford
them. In the beginning, novels were not cheap. One volume of Tom Jones written by
Henry Fielding cost three shillings and there were six volumes of the book. The price
was more than a labourer could earn in a week. Novels were lent out by circulating
libraries and publishers made profit in 1740.

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21. Why does the pattern of net sown area vary from one state to another?
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Ans. On account of the vast expanse of India, its relief, climate, soil and socio-economic
set-up vary from region to region. The pattern of net sown area is over 80 percent of
the total area in Punjab and Haryana. Geographical conditions like climate and soil
here are favourable for cultivation. Further, due to agricultural advancement through
Green Revolution, more areas have been brought under cultivation. On the other hand,
less than 10 percent of the total area is net sown area in Manipur, Mizoram, Arunachal
Pradesh and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Topographical constraints, unfavourable
climate and socio-economic reasons account for the low proportion of net sown areas
in these states.

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22. What steps have been adopted under the Indian Wildlife Act to protect the
endangered species of animals?
3
Ans. Under the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, implemented in 1972 several programmes
were adopted to protect the remaining population of certain endangered species. The
steps taken in this regard included : (i) banning hunting and poaching, (ii) giving legal
protection to the habitats of the endangered species and (iii) restricting trade in
wildlife. Subsequently, central and many state governments estabished national parks
and wildlife sanctuaries.
The central government has undertaken several projects for protecting specific animals
that are gravely threatened like the tiger, the one-horned rhinoceros, the Asiatic lion,
the Kashmir stag or hangul and three types of crocodile.
23. What is rainwater harvesting? State any two objectives of rainwater harvesting.
3
Ans. The techniques of collecting and storing rainwater directly or recharging it into the
ground through artificial means to improve groundwater storage is called rainwater
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harvesting. It includes traditional methods like (i) conversion of agricultural fields into
rainfed storage structures locally known as Khadins and Johads in Rajasthan.
(ii) Rooftop rainwater harvesting to store drinking water in tanks or sumps.
Two objectives of rainwater harvesting are :
(i) To prevent wastage and pollution of the monsoon rains.
(ii) To reduce runoff and control flooding of roads.

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24. Describe the power-sharing mechanism in Lebanon.


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Ans. As per the agreement :
(i) President must belong to the Maronite sect of Catholic Christians.
(ii) The Prime Minister must be from the Sunni Muslim community.
(iii) The post of Deputy Prime Minister is fixed for Orthodox Christian sect and that
of the Speaker for Shia Muslim.
(iv) The Christians agreed not to seek French protection and the Muslims agreed not
to seek unification with Syria.

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25. Why is it said that a positive attitude towards diversity and a willingness to
accommodate it do not come about easily?
3
Ans. This is so because people who feel marginalised, deprived and discriminated have to
fight against the injustices. But when such a fight takes the democratic path, demands
are made in a peaceful manner based on constitutional methods. But sometimes social
differences can take the form of unacceptable level of social inequality and injustice.
The struggle against such inequalities sometimes takes the path of violence and
defiance of state power. However, it is proved by history that democracy is the best
way to fight for recognition and to accommodate diversity.
26. Discuss the ways is which social divisions are reflected in a democracy.
3
Ans. (i) In a democracy, it is natural that political parties talk about the social divisions and
make different promises to different communities.
(ii) They look after the representation of various communities and make policies to
redress the grievances of the disadvantaged communities.
(iii) Social divisions affect voting in most countries. People from one community tend
to prefer some party more than others.

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27. Do the caste and vote bank factors completely control the elections in India?
3
Ans. There is an impression that elections in India are all about caste and nothing else. But
it is also true that caste and vote bank factors alone cannot determine elections in
India due to the following reasons :
(i) No single caste is ever elected with a clear majority in any parliamentary
constituency. So votes of more than one caste is required to win the election for
any candidate or party.
(ii) Many political parties may put up candidates from the same caste. Some voters
have more than one candidate from their caste, while many voters have no
candidate from their caste.
(iii) No party wins the votes of all the voters of a caste or community.
28. How are economic development and human development related to each other?
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Social Science Class X for SA-1 (Term - I)

Ans. Human development refers to the process of improvements in human beings. People
become human resources when investments in them are made in form of health and
education. Life expectancy at birth, adult literacy rate, per capita GDP are important
indicators of human development. Economic development will be sustainable if
resources are managed in such a way that future generations do not suffer and have
at least the same which present generations have.

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29. What does Human Development Index (HDI) indicate? By whom HDI is
prepared?
3
Ans. Human Development Index (HDI) : It makes rating of all countries on a scale of 0 to
1.0 indicates lowest human development and 1 indicates highest human development.
Two important points abour HDI are :
(i) It measures relative and not absolute level of human development.
(ii) The main emphasis of HDI is on goals, i.e. longevity, knowledge and standard of
living (expressed in real per capita income).
Who prepares HDI : United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has been
preparing HDI since 1990.

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30. What do you understand by disguised unemployment? Explain with the help of
an example.
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Ans. Disguised unemployment is a situation where the number of workers engaged in a job
is much more than required. If some of them are withdrawn from the job, the total
production will not fall. It means that marginal productivity of such workers is zero.
Let us understand it with the help of an example Laxmi owning about 2 hectares of
land is growing crops. All the five members of the family work on the plot throughout
the year. Suppose they produce 20 quintals of foodgrains. Now suppose instead of 5,
only 3 members work next year and the output is still 20 quintals. It means that three
members were enough to work. The other two members are then said to be disguisedly
unemployed.

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31. What is the meaning of under-employment? In which economic sector are


under-employment conditions more prevalent? Why is it so? Explain two reasons.
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Ans. Under-employment is a situation in which a worker gets work for less time than he can
work. In other words, he remains unemployed for some months in a year or some
hours every day. Under-employment conditions are more prevalent in the unorganised
sector.
(i) In unorganised sectors, the rules and regulations are not generally implemented.
Thus workers are exploited by their employers.
(ii) Employment is not secure and people can be asked to leave the job without giving
any reason or prior information. In this sector they get low wages, no holiday and
no leave in sickness.

Question numbers 32 to 35 carry four marks each.


32. What is globalisation? Explain.
4
Ans. Globalisation is generally associated with the free movement of capital, goods, technology, ideas and people across the globe. Globalisation in a broader sense also includes
cultural exchanges between different countries of the world.
In modern world, globalisation has acquired special significance due to development
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of Internet technology and telecommunication. Therefore, globalisation involves the


following features:
(i) Economic freedom to trade internationally.
(ii) Migration in search of employment and a better life.
(iii) Cultural exchange like the spread of Buddhism and knowledge.
The interlinking of the world is a continuous process from the past. In modern
days, interlinking is faster and involves more people. In other words, the world is
shrinking in terms of communication and trade.
OR
What were the positive effects of industrialisation on Britain?
4
Ans. The political, social and economic life of the people was affected by industrialisation.
Industrialisation was adopted slowly by the people, but when they did, it spread to
many cities and towns. Variations existed in terms of wealth and figures. Till the midnineteenth century, about 10 per cent of the urban population were extremely poor.
Life improved after the 1840s due to massive building activities involving
urbanisation, road construction, railways, tunnels, drainage and sewers. Most of the
labourers were occupied in these activities. The number of workers employed in
transport industry doubled after the 1840s.
OR
Discuss how Bombay emerged as the prime city of India.
4
Ans. Bombay was the most important city of India. Its size expanded from the late
nineteenth century and population grew from 6,44,405 in 1872 to nearly 1,500,000 in
1941. It passed into the hands of Britain in 1661 as a dowry to Kings Charles II from
his Portuguese bride. The English East India Company shifted its base from Surat in
Gujarat to Bombay.
Bombay was initially a major outlet of cotton textiles from Gujarat. In the nineteenth
century, large quantities of raw materials such as cotton and opium passed through it.
By the end of the nineteenth century, it became the centre of administrative and
industrial control in western India. The importance of Bombay grew due to maritime
trade and as a junction head of two major railways.
OR
Describe any two popular themes on which women writers in England wrote in
the 19th century.
4
Ans. Women novelists like Jane Austin, George Eliot and Charlotte Bronte projected a new
species of women who were strong in their determination and had a personality of
their own. Their novels dealt with the women who broke the established norms of
society before adjusting to them. Such stories allowed women readers to sympathise
with rebellious actions. Yet another set of special magazines popularised articles on
housekeeping. Many novels were written on domestic life. Thus, women were allowed
to speak with the authority. They drew upon their experiences, wrote about family life
and earned public recognition.
33. What is the importance of using high yielding variety of seeds, machines and
other technological advancements in increasing the agricultural production?
Enlist any four institutional reform programmes introduced by the government
in the interest of farmers.
4
Ans. High Yielding Variety of seeds and machines form the basis of modernisation of

Social Science Class X for SA-1 (Term - I)

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agriculture. The Government of India has opened agricultural universities, agricultural


research institutes, agricultural farms and demonstration farms. There, the seeds are
improved and demonstration is given to the farmers for use of fertilisers and improved
seeds. They are trained to adopt new farm machineries to increase agricultural
production.
Farmers get these inputs on subsidised rates and on loan basis. This helps them to
adopt these modern inputs to increase agricultural productivity.
Institutional reform programmes :
(i) Provision for crop insurance against drought, flood, cyclone, fire, and diseases.
(ii) Establishment of Grameen Banks, cooperative societies and banks for providing
loan facilities to farmers at lower interest rates.
(iii) Kisan Credit Card, Personal Accident Insurance Scheme.
(iv) Special weather bulletins and agricultural programmes for farmers on television
and radio.

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34. Describe any four measures taken to decentralise power in India.


4
Ans. The following steps have been taken to decentralise power to the level of villages and
towns.
(i) The Constitution originally provided for a two-tier system of government Union
and the state governments. Later, a third-tier of government was added in the form
of Panchayats and Municipalities.
(ii) Panchayats in villages and Municipalities in urban areas were set up in all the
states. But these were held directly under the control of the state governments.
From 1992, an independent institution called the State Election Commission has
been created in each state to conduct Panchayat and Municipal elections.
(iii) Elections to the local governments were not held regularly. Now it is mandatory
to hold regular elections every five years.
(iv) The State governments are required to share some powers and revenue with local
government bodies.

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35. Give a few examples of public sector activities and explain why the government
has taken them up.
4
Ans. Construction of roads, bridges, railways, harbours, generating electricity, providing
irrigation through dams, health, education etc. are a few examples of public sector
activities.
Government has taken up these activities because these require a huge amount of
investment which is beyond the capacity of the private sector and several things
needed by the society as a whole which the private sector will not provide at a
reasonable cost. Even if they do provide these things, they would charge a high rate
for their use.
Let us further understand this with the help of an example. Selling electricity at a price
which covers the full cost of generation may push up the cost of production in
industries. Many units, specially small scale units, might have to shut down.
Government here steps in by producing and supplying electricity at rates which these
industries can afford. So the government has to bear a part of the cost.
36. Three features for (1) to (3) are shown in the given outline map of India. Identify
these features with the help of the information given and write the correct names
in your answers sheet.
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Ans. (1) Arid soil

(2) A wildlife sanctuary

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(1) A major soil type.


(3) A major producer state of tea.

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Ans.

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(2) Manas wildlife sanctuary


(3) West Bengal
OR
On an outline map of India, mark and label the following :
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(a) Hirakud dam (b) Periyar Tiger reserve (c) A major producer state of millets

Note : The following questions are for the visually impaired candidates only, in lieu of
Q.No. 36
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36.1 Where is Hirakud dam located?
36.2 Name a major producer of millet.
36.3 In which state is Corbett National Park located?
Ans. 36.1 Orissa
36.2 Maharashtra
36.3 Uttarakhand
Social Science Class X for SA-1 (Term - I)

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