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ASTM E1300 - 140414_OFFICE

- Structural Glass
- Glass Thickness Ce
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- Glass in Buildings
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- Glass Deflection
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- E 1300 - 12ae1
- Saflex Structural Guide
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- Structural Glass Design
- Calculation
- Design Calculation-glass Balustrade
- Facade Notes

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NGLE GLAZING SIMPLY SUPPORTED CONTINUOUSLY ALONG THREE SIDES WHERE IN-SERVICE LG TEMP

NGLE GLAZING SIMPLY SUPPORTED CONTINUOUSLY ALONG TWO OPPPOSITE SIDES WHERE IN-SERVIC

NGLE GLAZING SIMPLY SUPPORTED CONTINUOUSLY ALONG TWO OPPPOSITE SIDES WHERE IN-SERVIC

ASS (IG) WITH MONOLITHIC GLASS LITES OF EQUAL (SYMMETRIC) OR DIFFERENT (ASYMMETRIC) GLA

ITE SIDES:

WHERE IN-SERVICE LG TEMPERATURES DO NOT EXCEED 50 DEG CELCIUS (122 DEG FAREINHEIGTH

TE SIDES WHERE IN-SERVICE LG TEMPERATURES DO NOT EXCEED 50 DEG CELCIUS (122 DEG FAREIN

TE SIDES WHERE IN-SERVICE LG TEMPERATURES DO NOT EXCEED 50 DEG CELCIUS (122 DEG FAREIN

FFERENT (ASYMMETRIC) GLASS TYPE AND THICKESS SIMPLY SUPPORTED CONTINUOUSLY ALONG FOU

TABLE 1

TABLE 4

TABLE 5

TABLE 6

FIGURE A1.1

FIGURE A1.2

FIGURE A1.3

FIGURE A1.4

FIGURE A1.5

FIGURE A1.6

FIGURE A1.7

FIGURE A1.8

FIGURE A1.9

FIGURE A1.10

FIGURE A1.11

FIGURE A1.12

FIGURE A1.13

FIGURE A1.14

FIGURE A1.15

FIGURE A1.16

FIGURE A1.17

FIGURE A1.18

FIGURE A1.19

FIGURE A1.20

FIGURE A1.21

FIGURE A1.22

FIGURE A1.23

FIGURE A1.24

FIGURE A1.25

FIGURE A1.26

FIGURE A1.27

Load x Area2

FIGURE A1.28

FIGURE A1.29

FIGURE A1.30

FIGURE A1.31

FIGURE A1.32

FIGURE A1.41

FIGURE A1.34

FIGURE A1.35

FIGURE A1.36

FIGURE A1.37

FIGURE A1.38

FIGURE A1.39

FIGURE A1.40

APPENDIX X1

APPENDIX X2

DOCUMENT NO.

SUBJECT

FORMULAS

REFERENCE

CALCULATIONS

ASPECT RATIO, AR

AR

a

b

AR

=

=

=

=

a/b

2500.00

1500.00

1.67

GLASS AREA , A

3.75

A =

mm

mm

mm

Plate Width (short dimension)

m2

Load, q x AREA2, LA

4.00

q=

15.00

LA =

kPa

kN.m2

NON DIMENSIONAL DEFLECTION,

= w /t

27.35

w =

mm

maximum lateral deflection of the glass

8.00

t

=

mm

true glass thickness

3.42

=

W

t

=

=

r0

r0

r1

r1

r2

r2

x

q

x

W

=

=

=

=

8.00

mm

plate thickness

-3.20

-2.29 + 5.83 (a/b) - 2.17 (a/b)2 + 0.2067 (a/b)3

2.36

1.485 - 1.908 (a/b) +0.815 (a/b)2-0.0822(a/b)3

0.19

ln{ln[q(ab)2/Et4]}

4.00

applied load

1.66

27.35

mm, deflection

Pb

k

a

b

m

= k(ab)1-m(Et2)meJ

2.8600E-53

.=

2500.00

=

1500.00

=

7.00

=

Probability of breakage

surface flaw parameters

t

e

j

Pb

=

=

=

8.00

2.7182

18.00

0.0298

mm

glass thickness

on of the glass

SHEET

OUTPUT

6.00

10.26

8.00

11.00

24 mm

t=

glass thickness

300 mm

d=

fin glass depth

150 mm

Yh =

Lay =

1,480 mm

Distance bet. points of effective rigid rotationa

72,000 MPa

E=

Modulus of elasticity of glass

30,000 MPa

G=

Shear modulus

6.30 constant obtaine from table C1 below

g.1 =

Ix = txd3/12

54000000

Iy = dxt3/12

345600

mm4

mm4

second moment of area @ y 1312727.04 mm4

torsional consta

J = (dxt3/3)x[1-(0.63xt/d)]

=

1.7

FS =

24,883,200,000 mm8

EI = ExIy

=

39,381,811,200 mm8

GJ =

MCR = (g1/Lay) [(E Iy) (G J) ]

MCR =

133.254

kNm

MC =

78.385

kNm

L

w

LF

MACT

=

=

=

=

5,667

4.1

1.400

mm

N/mm

16,458,881 Nmm

MACT =

MU =

MU =

16.459 KNm

23,042,433 Nmm

23.042 KN OK

L/240 =

DMAX =

23.61 mm

19 mm

DDEF =

14.161 mm

OK

torsional constant of inertia

24 mm

t=

glass thickness

300 mm

d=

fin glass depth

150 mm

Yh =

Lay =

4,186 mm

Distance bet. points of effective rigid rotationa

72,000 MPa

E=

Modulus of elasticity of glass

29,508 MPa

G=

Shear modulus

6.10 constant obtaine from table C2 below

g.2 =

1.80 constant obtaine from table C2 below

g.3 =

Ix = txd3/12

Iy = dxt3/12

54000000

J = (dxt3/3)x[1-(0.63xt/d)]

1.7

FS =

24,883,200,000 mm8

EI =

38,735,949,496 mm8

GJ =

mm4

345,600 mm4

1,312,727 mm4

MCR =

42.513 kNm

MC =

25.008 kNm

w=

16.765125

N/mm

LF =

MACT =

MACT =

MU =

MU =

1.000

Load Factor

36,721,064 Nmm

36.721

KNm

36,721,064 Nmm

36.721

KNm

;NOT OK

L/240 =

DMAX =

17.44 mm

DDEF =

17.239 mm

19 mm

;OK

torsional constant of inertia

GIVEN:

0.75

P =

1.16

h =

1000

b =

M = Pxh

=

kN

m

mm

0.87

upper

p

6M

b( d d 1 ) b( d d 1 ) 2

lower

p

6M

b ( d d 1 ) b ( d d1 ) 2

sallowable

73

d

d1

d2

t

kN.m

=

=

=

=

150

22

0

10

mm

mm

mm

mm

0.32

Mpa

-0.31

Mpa

Mpa

OK safe

upper

p

6M

b ( d d 1 ) b( d d 1 ) 2

0.32

Mpa

lower

p

6M

b ( d d1 ) b ( d d 1 ) 2

-0.31

Mpa

( d d1 ) lower

lower upper

62.82

mm

( d d1 ) Ylower

65.18

mm

Yupper

118.27

mm

Ylower

Yupper

Lever arm ( d d 2 t )

MU

Mcap

= Mplate 1.6

at the bottom

275

Fy =

=

Fyxbxt2/4

upperYupper xb

2

Leverarm

Mpa

=

6.88

kN.m

OK safe

2.00

2.00

kN.m

Sb =

Sb =

Sb =

X

1.78

1.90

He

He

He

=

=

=

16.90

10.00

20.00

m

m

m

Thus Sb for 16.9 , Sb = 1.78 - (1.78 - 1.9) / (10 - 20) x (10 - 16.9) = 1.8628

Then:

Effective wind speed Ve =Vs x Sb

Ve = 28.09 m/s x 1.8628

= 52.326052 m/s

From sec. 2.1.2 of BS 6399-2

Dynamic wind pressure qs = 0.613 x Ve

qs = 0.613 x (52.326m/s) x 1 kPa/1000 Pa; qs = 1.678 kPa

Hr

Ho

Xo

Hd

Hd

Hd

Thus:

Hd

He

He

=

=

=

=

=

=

16.9

m

100

m

50

m

0.8xHo

m

1.2xHo - 0.2Xo

0

m

=

=

=

80

m

0.4 Hr or Hr - Hd , whichever is greater

6.76

m

reference height

obstruction height

separation distance between buildings

displacement height

for Xo < 2 Ho

m displacement height

for 2Xo < Xo <

displacement height

for Xo > 6 Ho

X

6.76

Sb =

He =

m

1.64

5.00

Sb =

He =

m

1.78

10.00

Sb =

He =

m

Thus Sb for 6.76 , Sb = 1.64 - (1.64 - 1.78) / (5 - 10) x (5 - 6.76) = 1.69

Effective windspeed Ve = Vs x Sb

47.4721 m/s

Ve =

From sec. 2.1.2 of BS 6399-2

Dynamic wind pressure qs = 0.613 x Ve

qs = 0.613 x (47.472m/s) x 1 kPa/1000 Pa; qs = 1.381 kPa

.9) = 1.8628

Xo < 2 Ho

OK!

for 2Xo < Xo < 6 Ho

Xo > 6 Ho

Not OK!

6) = 1.69

Not OK!

PROPERTIES OF TRANSOM

H1 =

H2 =

L =

GT =

D1=

t1 =

t2 =

2.064

1.415

1.89

14

50.3

3

2

Zy =

12444.83

Zx =

24925.87

Ix =

Po =

160

Pv =

95

E=

T.A. =

1750703.82

70000

1.73

LOADINGS:

Applied Wind Load

1.83

kPa

P = 25 kN/ m x H1xW2xGT/2

0.68

P=

kN

From the figure above, the max. applied shear Vact = 1.2 x P

Vact =

0.82

kN

Using clause 4.5.3.2 of BS8118-1:1991 to compute for allowable shear Val

Vall = shear strength of aluminum x effective shear area / material factor

Val1 =Pv MPa x 0.8 x 2 number of webs x depth x thickness / 1.2 factor

Vall =

Vact / Vall =

12.74

kN

0.06

kN (low shear)

.:OK SAFE

P = 25 kN/ m x H1xW2xGT/2

0.68

P=

kN

Setting block location a =L/4

472.5

a

mm

M =P x a

0.32

M

kN.m

From the figure above, the max. applied moment Mact = 1.2 x M

Mact =

0.39

kN.m

As per clause 4.5.4 of BS81181:1991, moment with low shear may assumed t

factored moment resistance is unaffected by a coincident shear force.

Therefore, allowable moment Mall = bending strength x elastic modulus/mater

Mall = Po x Zy /1.2 material factor

Mall =

1.66

kN.m

.:OK SAFE

Vact = 1.2 x suction wind pressure x wind tributary area/2

1.73

T.A. =

Applied Wind Load

Vact =

2.80

m2

=

2.7

kPa

kN

Using clause 4.5.3.2 of BS8118-1:1991 to compute for allowable shear Vall

Vall = shear strength of aluminum x effective shear area / material factor

Val1 =Pv MPa x 0.8 x 2 number of webs x depth x thickness / 1.2 factor

Vall = 27.1066666667 kN

Vact / Vall =

0.10

kN (low shear)

.:OK SAFE

MactTRIAGULAR = 1.2 x WTRIAGULAR X L / 6

IF TRIANGULAR LOAD

where

WTRIAGULAR = WL x L x L/2

WTRIAGULAR =

1.63

kN

MactTRIAGULAR =

0.62

kN.m

where

WTRAP = WL x 1/2 x [L + (L - H1)] x H1/2

WTRAP =

1.53

kN

or WL x 1/2 x [L + (L - H2)] x H

MactTRAP =

0.50

kN.m

Mact =

1.11

kN.m

As per cause 4.5.4 of BS81181:1991, moment with low shear may assumed

that the factored moment resistance is unaffected by a coincident shear force.

Therefore, allowable moment Mall = bending strength x elastic modulus/mater

Mall = Po MPa x Zx mm section modulus /1.2 material factor

Mall = 3.3234493333 kN.m OK SAFE

DEFLECTION

actTRIAGULAR = WTRIAGULAR X L / (60 x E x I)

where

WTRIAGULAR =

1.63

actTRIAGULAR =

1.50

ctTRAP

kN

mm

= WTRAP L / (67.334 x E x I)

where

WTRAP =

1.53

actTRAP =

kN

1.25

act =

2.75

mm

As per table 3.4 of BS81181:1991, allowable deflection all = L/250

all = span/250

all =

7.56

mm

OK SAFE

Combined Stress

Mact Minor / Mall + Mact major/Mall 1.0

0.57 <

OK SAFE

m

m

m

mm

mm

mm

mm

glass thickness

107

D2=

2

t3 =

2

t4 =

mm3

mm3

mm

mm

mm

mm4

N/mm2

N/mm

N/mm2

mm2

tributary area of transom

OK SAFE

/ material factor

ULAR LOAD

cident shear force.

elastic modulus/mater factor

all = L/250

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