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Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of

Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

WORKING CUM ENVIRONMENT


MANAGEMENT PLAN OF MINING LEASE
GRANTED IN FAVOUR OF
SH. KUSHAL K. RANA
S/O LATE SH BALDEV SINGH RANA
SITUATED IN MOHAL KUTAHAN,
MAUJA JAISINGHPUR
SITUATED IN
TEHSIL JAISINGHPUR
DISTRICT KANGRA,
HIMACHAL PRADESH.

PREPARED BY

SUBMITTED BY

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) (RQP)


&
Ashok Sharma, Mining Officer(Rtd)RQP
RQP No No. H.P./R.Q.P.16/1/2010
Block-F Set No 8,
Knollswood Housing Board Colony
Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Sh. Kushal K Rana

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

S/o Sh. Baldev Singh Rana

Village Sari, PO Molag


Tehsil Jaisinghpur
Distt Kangra (H.P.)

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

WORKING CUM ENVIRONMENT


MANAGEMENT PLAN OF MINING LEASE
GRANTED IN FAVOUR OF
SH. KUSHAL K. RANA
S/O LATE SH BALDEV SINGH RANA
FOR MINING MINERAL SAND, STONE AND BAJRI
SITUATED IN MOHAL KUTAHAN,
MAUJA JAISINGHPUR SITUATED IN
TEHSIL JAISINGHPUR, DISTRICT KANGRA,
HIMACHAL PRADESH.
Introduction: Sh.Kushal K Rana, S/o Shri Baldev Singh Rana Village Sari, Post Office Molag, Tehsil
JaiSinghpur, District Kangra Himachal Pradesh has been issued a letter of intent to grant mining lease
for extraction of Sand, Stone and Bajri from Beas River over an area measuring 22-78-04 Hectares
situated in Khasra Nos. 1002 & 1003 in Mauza Jaisinghpur, Mohal Kutahan, Tehsil Jaisinghpur,
District Kangra vide order No. Udyog-Bhu (Khani-4) Laghu-64/13-4506 dated 1.8.2014 for a term of
15 years for manufacture of grit. The stone extracted from this quarry will be used in proposed stone
crusher. The leaseholder approached the undersigned having R.Q.P. number H.P. /R.Q.P. 16/1/2010
for preparation of the Working- cum-Environment Management Plan of the site to fulfill the
requirement of law to proceed further in getting Environment Impact Assessment Clearance. The
Working-cum-Environment Management Plan of the area has been prepared as per the format
circulated by the State Geologist, Himachal Pradesh and in accordance with the various provisions
made in the Himachal Pradesh Minor Minerals (Concession) Revised rules, 1971 and Mining Policy
for the State Of Himachal Pradesh-2013 The mining lease area lies in the river course of Beas
River.On the request of said lessee to prepare the Working -cum-Environment Management Plan, the
mapping of the mining lease area was carried out encompassing Topographical, Lithological and other
features on 1:2000 scale. The Working cum- Environment Management Plan includes the systematic
and scientific planning for extraction of sand, stone and bajri from within the lease for a term of five
years and a phased programme for afforestation and protection of point of public utility.

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

1.

General

1.I

Name and address of the applicant

I.I.a

Name of the Applicant

I.I.b

Address of the Applicant

Sh. Kushal K Rana


Sh. Kushal K Rana
S/o Late Shri Baldev Singh Rana
Village Sari, P.O. Molag
District Kangra
Himachal Pradesh

1.2

Status of the Applicant

Private individual

1.3

Mineral which the Applicant intends to mine


The Applicant intends to mine, Sand, Stone and Bajri from the lease area. The extracted stone

(boulder) and pebbles (pebbles) shall be used in proposed stone crusher unit. The other constituent
sand can be sold in the open market as per the demand.
1.4

Period for which the mining lease is granted


Vide order No. Udyog-Bhu (Khani-4) Laghu-64/13-4506 dated 1.8.2014 for a term of 15

years. .
1.5

Name and Address of H.P.R.Q.P. preparing the working Plan.


K.C. Katoch (RQP) Geologist (Retd.)
AND
Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd), RQP
Block- F, Set No. 8
Knollswood Housing Board Colony
Shimla-171002

1.6

Registration No. of R.Q.P.


No. H.P./R.Q.P.16/1/2010
Valid up to 16-7-2016

1.7

Name of the Prospecting Agency.


The area has been discovered by the lessee and further investigated by the R.Q.P. as he has

a vast experience in mineral exploration.


2

Location and Approach of the area (Location Map)


Location map (Map No.-I)

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

2.1

2.2

2.3

Toposheet number 52 A/9 1:50000


Longitude

76

34

05"

Latitude

31

53

30.1"

Longitude

76

34

23"

Latitude

31

53

16"

Location of the Area


Village

Kutahan

Patwar Circle

Tikkari

Post Office

Jaisinghpur

Tehsil

Jaisinghpur

District

Kangra

Sub- Divisional Officer(Civil)

Jaisinghpur

Divisional Forest Officer

Palampur

Sub-Division (IPH)

Lambagaon at Jhunga Devi

Sub-Division (PWD)

Jaisinghpur

Forest Range Officer

Daroh

Distance from important places in Kilometres


1

Lambagaon

2 Kms

Jaisinghpur

4 Kms.

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

2.4

Aalampur

20 Kms.

Palampur

40 Kms.

Dharamshala

80 Kms

Shimla

215Kms.

Approach of the Area


The mining lease area lies in eastern side of Lambagaon town in the river bed of Beas

upstream side on the confluence of Haroti Khad. The site is approachable from Alampur-Jaisinghpur
road, which is running on the right bank of Beas River and is approached by a link road of about 1.5
Km. length road through river bed near Lambagaon.
2.5

Detail of the area


Table Showing Details of the Area

Khasra

Name of the

Kisam

Mauza / Mohal

Area in

Name of the

No.
1002

Owner
Govt. Land

Gairmumkin Darya

Jaisinghpur /

Hects.
7-80-63

Panchayat
Bag kuljan

1003

(Reserve

Kabja Savayam-

Kutahan

14-97-41

Pool)

Tabe Hakuk
Bartandaran

Total

22-78-04

As per revenue record, the area is a Govt. Land classified as Gairmumkin Darya Kabja Savayam,
Tabe Hakuk Bartandaran Reserve pool.
3

Land use pattern and Social aspect of the Area

3.1

Land Use Pattern


Kangra District is spread over deep small valleys and ridges and cultivation is possible only in

small terraces of holdings along the hill slope as contour farming in the basins of streams/Khads.
Sloppy areas are most suitable for cultivations. The statistical outline of H.P. 2001-2002. Department
of Economics and statistics has classified the following utilization of the land.

Table Showing Land Use Pattern of Surrounding Area


Sr No.
K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)
Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

Category

Area (in 000 Hect. )

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

1
2
3

Area under forest, dense and open forest


Cultural waste
Not available for cultivation, barren and un-

232485
29070
133335

4
5
6
7

cultural land
Land put to Non Agricultural uses
Permanent pastures
Land under miscellaneous tree crops etc.
Other cultivated waste
Total Area

117743
87495
8275
29070
577681

Graph Showing Land Use Pattern of Surrounding Area

The district census hand book 1991 classified, the land available in surrounding villages into following
five categories as under:

3.2

Area not available for cultivations

Un-irrigated

Cultivable waste

Irrigated

Forest

Agriculture
Agriculture is the main occupation of the people in the District, having different types of soil

and agro-climate conditions which are quite suitable for the growing of various types of cereals
vegetables, temperate and stone fruits and other crops. The major crops grown in the district are
wheat, Paddy, Maize, Barley, Millet. Besides these, potato and a variety of vegetable like green-peas,
K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)
Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

cauliflower, cabbage, spinach tomatoes, etc. are also grown in the district. The economy is mostly
agrarian and majority of population depend on agriculture and activities allied to it for earning their
lively hood. The most of the land is un-irrigated and depends upon the rainy season. The part of the
lands are irrigated and the irrigation facilities are provided by lifting water from streams, shallow Dug
wells and medium to deep tubs wells in the valley area. The source of water type of irrigation can be
classified in to following five classes.
1

Lift irrigation scheme

Well used for irrigation

Well use for domestic purpose

Kuhls

Tube wells
The land holding in the district are small and scattered. The farmers grow more than two crops

in a year so as to get maximum production from the land. The crop rotation followed in the district is:
I.

Maize- Toria-Wheat

II.

Maize-Potato-Potato

III.

Maize- Toria-Wheat-BaisakhiMoong

IV

Paddy Wheat

Maize-Wheat
Wheat and Maize are major crops of the district. These are followed by gram, Paddy and other

pulses. Besides these, Barley, Ragi, Mustered, Seasmum and Sugarcane are also grown in the
district. Peas, Carrot, Cabbage, Ladyfinger, Tomato, Brinjal, Capsicum, Cauliflower, Cucumber,
Pumpkin etc. Vegetables are also grown.
About 95% of the total cultivable area in the district is rain fed. Hence production of the district
mainly depends upon rain.
Table Showing Crop Pattern Surrounding Lease Area
June

July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb

Maize
Maize
Maize
Maize
Bhindi

Wheat
Toria
Wheat
Patato
Wheat
Potato
Potato
Cauliflower

Sesame
Ginger/Caucasia/Turmeric
Paddy
Paddy
Paddy
Kulthi Mash
Mash
Maize+ Mash
K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)
Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

Mar

Apr

May

Maize
Maize
Maize
Maize
French

Bean/Tomato/brinjal/CapsicumCucubits
Sarson/Raya/G.Sarson
Potato
Wheat
Ginger
Wheat
Barseem
Potato
B. Sarson/Raya/G. Sarson/Taramira(Eruca Sativa)
Wheat
Wheat

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

Arhar
Graph Showing Agriculture Area Under Major Crops, District , Kangra (2010-11)

Graph Showing &age Wise Agriculture Area Under Major Crops Distt Kangra (2010--11)

Graph Showing Production Of Each Crop In District,Kangra ( 2010-2011)

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

Graph Showing Area And Production In Tonnes In District, Kangra In ( 2008-09)

3.3

Horticulture
The topography and agro-climatic conditions of the district are quite suitable for the

productions of various fruits. The topography of the district can be grouped into three categories
namely High hill areas located at the higher elevation mid hill areas and low lying valley areas Fruits
of various kinds depending upon the terrain climatic condition and soil are grown in the district. The
Main horticulture produce of the area can be classified into four categories
1

Citrus Fruits

Sub-tropical Fruits

Nuts and dry fruits

Other temperate fruits

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

Graph Showing Area Under Each Category Of Fruits In Kangra 2008-09

Graph Showing %age Wise Area In Kangra District 2010-2011

Graph Showing Production Of Each Catogory Of Fruits In Kangra -2010-2011

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

10

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

Graph Showing %age Wise Production Of different Catagories (Distt Kangra2008-09)

Table Showing Area Under Each Fruit And Production In District Kangra ( 2008-2009 )
STATUS OF HORTICULTURE, DISTRICT KANGRA (2008-09)
Name of Fruit
Area ( In Hectares)
Production in ( Tonnes)
Apple
453
502
Plum
416
1113
Peach
217
553
Apricot
37
40
Pear
421
1637
Cherry
0
0
Kiwi
11
0
Pomergranate
69
370
Olive
0
5
Persimmon
4
6
Strawberry
2
0
OTF
1177
3734
Green Almond
417
0
Almonds
146
Walnut
201
113
Piccanut
196
126
Hezalnut
1
0
NUTS & DRY FRUITS
815
384
Orange
5544
12935
Malta
667
1346
K.Lime
2749
2749
Galgal
491
1437
Grapes
14
16
CITRUS
9465
18483
Mango
21245
21028
Lichi
2712
2044
Guava
663
745
Aonala
668
1026
Jackfruit
109
149
Papaya
101
223
Graspes
16
35
Loquat
48
35
Karonda
5
3
Ber
5
6
Sapota
10
3
K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)
Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

11

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

Fig
Banana
Jamun
Bael
Deon
OSTF
3.4

2
86
254
12
33
25969

0
205
289
16
97
25904

Animal Husbandry
Livestock is the main wealth next to agriculture of the predominant population of the district.

The entire terrain in the district is mountainous with high slopes and deep valleys. The development of
agriculture, therefore, broadly depends upon the development of animal husbandry. Animal husbandry
has several direct and indirect uses for a farmer and so it is an almost integral part of agriculture. To
improve the fertility of the soil and to plough the fields, they need animals. Besides this milk and wool
is also the need of the people. The people keep the following kind of animals:1

Cow

Buffalo

Sheep

Horse and Ponies

Mules

Donkey

Camel

Pigs

Dogs

10

Poultry
Table Showing Animal Husbendary Population, Kangra District-2010-2011

Name of Sheep Goats

Horse

animal

and

Numbers 67757

Mule

Donkey Camels Pigs Yaks

poney
197151 3248 4394 265

538

Dogs

Others Poultry

48911

293757 615159

Graph Showing Live Stock Population Kangra District (2010-2011)

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

12

Total

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

Table Showing Population Of Cattle District, Kangra, 2010-2011


Bulls
Cows
Cross Breed
31755 141165
3.5

Bulls
Cows
Indigenous
128949 79019

Total Cattle
380888

Male
Female
Buffaloes
14154 141939

Total
156093

Fisheries
Kangra District is blessed with vast and variegated fisheries resources in the vast network of

perennial rivers, streams, Khuds and fast flowing cold waters, harboring wide variety of tropical
species of fish. River system in the District constitutes river Beas and its tributaries namely
GajNeogal, Manjhi Bener and many other perennial small Khads.The following prominent varieties of
fish family are fond in the river and streams of Kangra District.
Mahaseer
Gid
Trout
Mirror carp
The main source of fishery cultivation is in the Pong Dam reservoir Fishing in these water is
regulated by fisheries legislation under the Himachal Pradesh Fisheries Act, 1976. Fisheries
development in Pong reservoir has helped in rehabilitation of the families displaced due to inundation.
Small fishes are spotted on the Beasriver where the water is deep and stagnant.
Graph Showing Total Catch And Value Of Catch Rupees In Lacs

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

13

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

4
4.1

Flora and Fauna of the Area


Flora
Majority of the Kangra district consist of Chil forest. Under the second category of the forest

the Khair is predominant species. The third category consists of broad leave species but have got lot
of bushy growth as well.
The forest in the district have been divided in to three categories:
1.

Lower Siwalik Chil Pine forest

2.

Northern dry mixed deciduous scrub forest.

3.

Broad leaved forest.

The most prominent verities of trees found in the area are


Simbal( Bombexmalabaricum)
Mango ( Magniferaindica)
Tun (Cedrelatoana )
Several species of acasia and albizia
Salambra (Odinawodier)
Termnalia
Jamun( Enginiajambolana)
Larger tour
Bamboo
Shurubs
Vitex
Munj
Ber
Ipomea

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

14

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

Dodenea
4.2

Forests
The forests play a vital role in shaping the characteristic conditions of an area. Besides, these

also influence the economic and social life of the people considerably. The forests provide valuable
timber, medicinal herbs, and raw material for industries and also provide employment and play a vital
role in conserving the soil and ensure timely rains. The forests of Kangra district have a great variety
of vegetation due to variations in altitude, geological formations and climatic factors. The vegetation
varies from dry scrub forests at lower elevation to alpine pasture at higher altitude. In between two
extremities occur distinctive vegetation zones of chil, ban-oak, mixed coniferous (kail, spruce. fir) and
kharsu, oak forests. Kangra forests have a large number of aromatic and medicinal plants which can
be utilized for the pharmaceutical and ayurvedic medicines like dhoop, karu/kour, brahmi, kuth/khuth,
bankakni etc.
The forests of Kangra can be classified into seven main groups.
(i)

Ban-Oak Forests:
These forests occur at elevation from 1,600 metres to 2,300 metres. There are, however, a

few exceptions like the oak forests of Dhalun near Yol Cantonment, Shahpur, Manjgran and Khaniara
where these forests have gone down to about 800 metres elevation.
(ii)

ChilForests:
The chil forests occur between elevations of 800 metres to 1,700 metres. The best growth is,

however, between 1,200 metres to 1,700 metres.


(iii)

Deodar Forests:
Deodar forests are only found in Dharamkot forests near Mcleodgang town and are exclusively

of artificial origin.
(iv)

Kharsu Oak Forests:


These forests are found between the altitudinal zone of 2,300 metres to 3,800 metres, the

upper most limit of tree growth. This oak generally occurs as a pure crop spruce and fir is found
scattered individually or in small groups of sites suitable for these species.
(v)

Mixed Coniferous (Kail, Spruce and Fir):


These forests are only patchy between 2,100 metres to 3,000 metres elevation. Kail forests

are practically absent. Towards the upper most extremities Kharsu Oak is found intimately mixed with
fir and spruce. The common associates are walnuts, horse chestnut, dun, afar species, alums species
etc.
K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)
Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

15

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

(vi)

Alpine Scrub and Alpine Pastures:


This type extends in this division above 3,800 metres elevation and is represented by

extensive alpine meadows with a few scattered patches of ever green branchy scrub of junipers
acurva and rhododendron. The meadows are mostly composed of perennial herbs and grasses.
(Vii)

Miscellaneous Scrub Forests:


These forests are mainly found between 600 and 1,200 metres elevation and are composed

mainly of tree/scrubs of khir, kachnar, sins, kakrain, thingan, bil, etc. The under-growth consists of
garna, mander. basuti, gandla etc. The forests are generally open, degraded due to over grazing and
excessive exercise of various rights.
The forest area in Himachal Pradesh for the three years measured during 2001-2002. 2002-03,
2007-08 and 2008-09 is given in the following table:
Graph Showing Total Forest Cover in Himachal Pradesh

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

16

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

4.3

Fauna

Mammels in Kangra
Zoological Name
FelisChane
Muntucusmuntisk
Vaulpesbengalnsis
Comisaureus
Macacamulatta
Preshytes entellus
Hystrixindica
Lepusnigricoilis
Axis axis
Hylopetesfimbriatus
Paradoxurushermaphroditu
s
Felischaus
Hipposiderous armiger
Pagumalavarta
BIRDS
Zoological Name
Milvus migrants
Endynamysscolopacca
Colambialivia
Coraciasbenglalenses
Columslivia
Francoliusfrancolinus
Francolinuspondicerians
Payocrisslatus
Coturnixcolurnix
Alectorisgraeca
Crovussplendens
Prottaculakarneri
Picoisesmacei
Strptopaliadecaocto
Strptopaliachinesis
Accipiter badius
Aquila rapexvindhian
Dacula bicolor
Parusrufomuchalis
Picuscamus
Drycocopusjavensis
Acidotherestristis
Terpsiphone paradise
Passer domesticus
Arduelisspinoides

English Name
Jungle Cat
Barking Sear
Fox
Jackal
Ressus monkey
Langour
Porcupine
Hare
Spotted Dear
Flying Squirrel
Indian civet

Common Name
JangliBilli
Kakkar
Lomari,Fohiki
Giddar
Lal Bandar
Langour
Sehal
Khargosh,Sehru,Farru
Chital
sakralu

Jungle cat
The great Himalyanleafnosed Bat
Himalyan Palm civet
English Name
Vulture
Koel
Pigeon
Blue jay
Hawk
Black partridge
Grey partridge
Pea cock
Common quail
Chakor
Crow
Parrot
Fulvourbreasted

Chamgadar

Common Name
Cheel, gidhEell
Koel
Kabuttar
Nilkantha
Baj
Kala Tittar
SafedTittar
Mor
Bater
Chakor
Kanwa
Totta
pied Kathfoura

woodpecker
Ring dove
Spotted dove
Shikra
Tawny eagle
Green pigeon
Titus
Black napped woodpecker
Woodpecker
Common Myna
Pradise flycatcher
House sparrow
Himalyan green finch

Ghugi

Wood pecker
Ghatari
Chotipinja
Chiria

Around leased out area and surrounding hills following are the common animals and birds
ANIMALS
Hare
K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)
Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

Wild Bore

17

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

Jackal

Barking Deer(kakkar)

Monkey

Pig

BIRDS
Chakor

Crow

Red Jungli Fowl

Black Partridge(kalaTittar)

Grey partridge(safedTittar)

Wood pecker

5.

Physiographical aspect of the area.

5.1

General
The Kangra district lies between siwalik and lesser Himalaya. The lesser Himalaya s located in

north western India in the States of Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, in north central India in the
State of Sikkim range from 1500 metres to 5000 meter in height. The Kangra district cover as area of
5300 Sq. Kms in the west north western part of Himachal Himalaya, bordered by Punjab and Chamba
Kullu Mandi Hamirpur and Una in north, east, south respectively. The elevation of the district above
m.S.L. varies from 1000 meter to more than 6000 meter. In the district where the Siwalik rocks are
exposed, the topography represents a series of parallel hill ranges separated by longitudinal valleys.
These valleys are very fertile. The high peaks where altitude is more than 4000 meter above m.S.L.
remains covered with snow. Many streams exist in the district are snow fed and many get water from
the rains.
The Dhauladhar Mountain defines the northern limit of district separated from Chamba district.
The peaks of this mountains experience very heavy snow fall and exhibits precipitation and rugged
topography. The siwalik ranges are moderately less steep and form small hillocks Beas and Neugal
are the main river which has Gaj. Neugal, Manjhi , Baner etc. as their tributaries.

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

18

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

Beas Catchment is drained by about 58 major and another minor tributaries and the catchment of
these is as given below

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

19

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

5.2.

Altitude of the Area

Beas river catchment in Kangra District.

The Beas is the principal river which receives almost the entire drainage of the district Kangra.
The river rises from Pir Panjal range near Rohtang pass at a height of about13500 Meters from the
mean sea level.This river while fulfilling the thirst of many local travelers also quenches the thirst of
the fields of Punjab and Pakistan before flowing into the Arabian Sea. In ancient times, the river was
not known as the river Beas, but as Arjiki and till the time of the Mahabharta, this remained its name.
The world famous tourist resort of Manali is situated on the right banks of the river Beas. From Manali,
this holly river after passing through dense evergreen forests reaches the town of Kullu. The Beas
( vedic Arjiki or Arjikiya and Sanskrit Vipasa ) forms the world famous valleys of Kullu and Kangra.
The River after flowing through Kullu and Mandi district enters the Kangra district at Sandhol in
Palampur tehsil. From this point the river takes a South-West course and enters the valley of Nadaun
in Hamirpur district. Here the Jaswan chain obstructs its further passage to South and the river flows
in the North-West direction almost parallel to the strike of the hills. In Kangra, it is joined by Binwa,
Neugal, Banganga, Gaj, Dehar and Chakki from North, and Kunah, Maseh, Khairan and Man from the
South. The Beas enters district Kangra at Sandhol and leaves it near Mirthal. Its flow is maximum
during monsoon months. It has played a significant role in the development of peculiar hill culture
which pervales over the life of hill people living in the towns and surrounding villages since ages. The
important settlement on the bank of Beas river are Kullu, Mandi, Bajaura, Pandoh, Sujanpur Tihra,
Nadaun and Dehra-GopipurIt rises as a small stream from the snows on the Southern slopes of the
Dhauladhar range Near Jalehr Got, 4020 Meter above Mean Sea Level, 52 D/7. The Dehar river joins
K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)
Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

20

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

the Beas river a little upstream of the Pong dam lake (now known as Maharana Pratap Sagar). The
highest point of mining lease area is 514 meters above M.S.L. and lowest point is 510 meters above
MSL The width of the river bed varies around 600 Mts
5.4

Climate of the Area


The region has four distinct seasons. The area experiences severe winter from December to

March followed by servers summer season lasting from April to June. The area receives rain fall under
the influence of south -west monsoon from July to mid-September followed by post -monsoon season
lasting up to November.
The terrain in general has profound influence on the temperatures of a region. The
temperature generally rises from the beginning of March till June, which is the hottest month of the
year with mean minimum and maximum temperature of 25.6C to 44C respectively. With the onset of
monsoons by the end of the June temperature begins to fall. The drop in day temperature is much
more than the drop in night temperature. The night temperature falls rapidly after the withdrawal of
monsoons by mid-September. The month of January is cooler month with the mean maximum and
minimum temperature being 24C and 1.7C respectively. Under the influences of western
disturbance, the temperature falls appreciably during winters and it may go even below 0 C.
Humidity is generally` low throughout the year. During summer season, humidity is lowest 36
%. During monsoon months, it goes as high as 80-90%. The highest levels of humidity are observed
in the month of August. The average humidity during synoptic hours is 53% and 62% respectively.
CLIMATE OF THE LEASED OUT AREA DISTRICT KANGRA HIMACHAL PRADESH
CLIMATE
WINTER
SUMMER
RAINY SEASON
PERIOD
OCT.-MID MARCH
MID MARCH -JUNE
JULY-SEPTEMBER
Weather
Cool
Hot
Humid
TEMPRATURE
Table Showing Max Min Temp Recorded at Dharamshala -2007
Month
MMAX
HMAX
MNIX
LMIN

Jan
19.1
23.1
8.4
1.1

Feb
March
16.34 19
20.0
23.6
7.5
8.9
5.3
4
MMAX

April
26.5
32.1
14.6
8.6

May June July Aug


30.5 31.5 27
27
35.2 34.3 29.8 29.6
19.8 21.3 19.9 19.9
15.8 17.2 18.2 18.2
Mean Maximum Temp.

HMAX

Highest Maximum Temp.

MMIN

Mean Minimum Temp.

LMIN

Lowest Minimum Temp.

Sep
27
29.2
18.4
15.4

Oct.
25.6
28.8
14.2
11.2

Nov
23.9
26.6
10.9
7.7

Dec.
19
22.2
7.1
1

Graph Showing Max Min Temp Recorded at Dharamshala - 2007

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

21

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

Table Showing Max Min Temp Recorded at Dharamshala - 2007


Month
MMAX
HMAX
MNIX
LMIN

Jan Feb
15.8 17.1
19.9 22.8
5.4
6.4
0.2
3.7
MMAX

March
22
25.9
11.5
8.3

April May June July


24.7 28.8 29.1 27.7
30.6 33.1 33.3 32.6
13.9 17.8 19.2 21.2
8.3
12.7 14.2 20
Mean Maximum Temp.

HMAX

Highest Maximum Temp

MMIN

Mean Minimum Temp.

LMIN

Lowest Minimum Temp.

Aug
25.7
29.1
19.6
17.8

Sep
27.1
29.2
18.4
14.2

Oct.
22.6
26.3
13
10

Nov
20.2
24.4
9.7
6.7

Dec.
15.2
20.1
6.3
1.7

Graph Showing Max Min Temp Recorded at Dharamshala - 2007

Table Showing Max & Min Temp recorded at Palampur Distt Kangra-2006
Month JAN
Max
20.2

FEB MART
25.9 28.3

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

APR MAY
33.5 39.2

JUN JUL
39.2 35

AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC


33
32
29.3 25.5 21

22

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

Min

42

11.6

17.4

19.3

19.5 20.5

19.3

14.6

5.3

Graph Showing Max & Min Temp recorded at Palampur Distt Kangra-2006

5.5

Rainfall
Rainfall varies significantly with altitude of the area. The catchment area receives rainfall due

to western disturbances that pass over the north - western part of the country during winter months.
Significant precipitation in form of snow is received at higher altitude and rainfall in valleys is received
during the winter month. Rainy season generally starts from mid-July and extends up to midSeptember. During winter the \rains are scarce and extends in between 15 th December to 15th
February. The following Table shows the quantum of rainfall during the year 2008, 2009 and 2010
adjoining to the mining lease area as per IMD

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

23

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

Graph Showing Monthly Rainfall data for the year 2008

Graph Showing Monthly Rainfall data for the year 2009(Dharamshala)

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

24

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

Graph Showing Monthly Rainfall data for the year 2010 (Dharamshala)

6.

Description of the Area in which the lease is situated

6.1

General
The mining lease area is situated in the river bed of Beas River, The general flow of this river

in thin sector is E-W and then it swings to south eastern side. The mining lease area lies on the right
bank of Beas river just above the confluence of Haroti Khad with Beas river.
6.2

Name of the River / Stream Bed on which the mining lease is situated
The mining lease is situated in Beas River. The highest level of the lease area is 550 and

lowest level is 547 mts. above MSL


6.3.

Drainage System
It forms a part of Beas Drainage system

6.4.

Type of drainage
The primary tributaries above 600 m.R.L. exhibits trellis type of drainage pattern and then to its

down stream side shows sub-dendritic type of drainage pattern.


6.5.

Origin of river/stream
The Beas River originates at a height of 4600 m.R.L. from Rohtang Pass. It flows along the

southern slopes of Rohtang of district Kullu and then it enters into distt Mandi and then in Distt Kangra
where on this river a dam is constructed at pong village.
6.6.

Altitude at the origin.


The altitude of the river at its origin is around 4600 meters

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

25

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

6.7.

Width of river at the place of mining


The width of river varies from 500 Mts to 800 Mts.

6.8.

Annual deposition at the place of mining


The annual deposition varies from 2-3 cm. in the leased out area. However, in some area it is

more than 3 cms annually where the conditions are conducive for deposition. In the worked out area ,
the deposition shall be up to 1 meter
6.9.

The competency of the River/Stream at the mining site


The competency of river as observed at the place of mining is high and it can carry the size of

boulders of more than 40-45 cms X 30 - 45 cms X 20 - 30 cms.


6.10.

Level of H.F.L.
During monsoon floods the water level rises to 3.00 meters for a shor

7.

Geology

7.1

The regional Geology of the Area


In Himachal Pradesh Geological history goes back to the archaean proterozoic transition

although the actual Himalayan Mountain building took place only during Cenozoic era. The Himalaya
is classic example of continent and continent collision due to convergent movement of Indian plate
toward the Eurasian plate. It comprises two contrasting tectogens with their own distinctive geological
history. The dividing line between these two tectogens represents a major tectonic discontinuity and is
designated by several local names. However, it can be collectively refer to as a Main Central Thrust
and on either side of this thrust, the tectogens display contrasting stratigraphic and tectonics features
indicating convergence of two alien blocks. These are the lesser Himalayan tectogens and the tethys
Himalayan tectogen.
Lesser Himalayan tectogen
The Shali, the Larji and the Deoban represent the three principal tectonic stratigraphic
domains which dominate the geology of the Lesser Himalayan Tectogen. These domains have
characteristics which provide an un-mistakable comparison with geological belts of Indian peninsula
with which they have a structural connection. In the Lesser Himalayan Tectogen, crystalline inliers are
in general absent. However, the granitic gneisses of wangtu and Bandel with remobilized 1.8 Ga and
2.0Ga granitoids is largi Rampur Windows zone seem to be the representatives of north Indians
Peninsular Gneisses. A few out crops of purple conglomerate with calcareous matrix are seen with in
the dolomite Quartzarenite-carbonate sequence. presence of oscillation ripple and stomatolites point
to a stable shelf platform condition of deposition.

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

26

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

Shali Structural Belt


The Shali Structural Belt comprises the Sundernagar Group and the Shali Group ( Srikantia
and Sharma 1976). It occurs in two structural belts viz, the Main Shali Structural Belt and the Shali
Subsidiary belt of Bandla Range.
The Main Shali Structural belt extends over length of 260 kms. in a sigmoidal shape between
the river Ravi in to the NW and Nag Tikar ridge in the SE. Beyond Ravi it extends in to the Kashmir
lesser Himalaya where it was earilar referred as the "Autochthonous folded belt" by Wadia (1931).
The Main Shali Structural belt bifurcates in to two sub belts respectively, the northern Alsindi-NagTikar sub-belt and Tattapani sub-belt merging along the course of Bharari Khad and the Satluj in the
Slapper area. The Main Shali Structure belt is nearly 23 kms broad across the Satluj valley and the
Shali range (Fig. 5.3) whereas in the Alsindi sector it is only 2.81 km. broad along its NW extension
towards Mandi in to Jammu and Kashmir, it becomes extremely narrow and constricted with the
development of thrust imbricates.
The Shali subsidiary belt of Bandla range is restricted to a zone between the Shiwalic belt and
palaeogene parautochthon belt. It extends from Bahind Tibba in the north to Khadli in the south and
beyond it occurs as discontinuous strip as at Tundapathar, Malla, Sataun, and other areas. This belt is
apparently independent of the Main Shali structural Belt and comprises mainly of younger formation of
the Shalli Group.
The Shali structural belt comprises the older Sundernagar group followed by younger Shali
group.
Shali group.
The Shali Limestone was first used by Palmer (1921) to a bluish limestone which covers the
southern flank of the Shali ridge north of Shimla. The classification of the Shali was first attempted by
West (1939) who divided in to Khaira Quartzite. Srikantia and Sharma(1969, 1976) presented a more
detailed lithostratigraphic classification of the Shali Group dividing it in to eight formations(Table 5.5)

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

27

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

Table Showing Lithography of the Shali Group


Group

Formation

Lithology

Approx. Thickness

8. Bandla

Green and purple coloured shale, slate

In Mtrs
siltstone; sporadic earthy limestone; thin
bedded orthoquarzite interbeds green

250

brecciated rock and fairly persistent band


7. Parrnali

of white quartzarenite at the base.


Cherty dolomite, grey limestone and

6. Makri

white quartzarenite.
Grey, green, black and purple shales and

700

slates, thin bedded limestone, thin

180

bedded quartzarenite with or without


5. Tattapani

dolomite.
Cherty dolomite, grey and pink in colour

610

4. Sorgharwari

with grey phyllitised shales.


Pink and grey cream textured limestone

460

3. Khatpul

with shale partings.


Mainly dolomite with sporadic
quartzarenite and the thin red shale band

300

2. Khaira

at the base.
Mainly pink and purple also white

380

1. Ropri

quartzarenite
Brick red shale and siltstone with grey

400

dolomite in the lower horizon local


development of salt, salt grit and the
marly litho complex
General Statement
The adevent of Neogene in the Himalayan coincided with the development of long narrow
depression in front of the rising mountains (Porto-Himalaya) .The depression became a repository of
thick sequence of molassic sendiments of the Siwalik.
Medlicott(1864) is credited to be the first to recognize the siwalik as a stratigraphic unit,
although Flaconer (1835) two decades earlier had referred to Siwalik Formation and a year later
Cautley (Medliicott.1861)proposed a three fold subdivision. Medlicotts work in this sector between the
Ganga and the Ravi rivers is the first systematic stratigraphical and structural account of the SubHimalaya. He designated the Tertiaries of the region as the Sub Himalayan Series and divided them
into three units, Lower, Middle and Upper, which he named as Subathu, Nahan and Siwalik
respectively (Medlicott, 1864). He opined that the three subdivisions were separated by pronounced
breaks. Later he realized that the Nahan could be the lower part of the Siwalik but retained it as a
K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)
Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

28

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

separate entity in view of the absence of fossils (Medlicott, 1876). Subsequently, he divided the
Siwalik into two units, the Upper comprising the great thickness of conglomerate and the lower of
sandstone and clays. Still later in 1879, Medlicott proposed a three fold division Lower or Nahan,
Middle and upper-for the Siwaliks of the Sub-Himalayan region. Pilgrim(1925,p.202 ) Presented the
following classification of the Siwalik System which is still in vogue:
Upper

Boulder Conglomerate Stage

Pleistocene

Pinjore stage
Tatrot Stage
Middle

Dhok Pathan Stage

Pliocene

Nagri stage
Lower

Chinji Stage

Middle to

Kamlial Stage

Upper Miocene

The various stages of Pilgrim are characterized by definite vertebrate fossil assemblages.
Thereby they have almost acquired a biostratigraphic status. Piligrims scheme of classification has
been found to have limitations in regional mapping, because the fossil horizons are restricted and
secondly the lithology is not uniform with tremendous lateral facies variations.
Siwalik Group
The Siwalik Group in the Himachal Himalaya forms a parallel foot hill belt in the SubHimalayan zone, extending along the southern margin of the Palaeogene. Sirmur Group belt form the
Ravi to the Yamuna and forms part of the larger Sub-Himalayan mega belt extending from Potwar
basin in NW to the Arunachal foot-hill in SE. In the Himachal Himalaya it has maximum width between
Hoshiarpur and Jogindernagar.
The Siwalik sediments, though occurring as an independent structural belt, are also seen to
overlie the Muree in the Jammu sector of the Kashmir Himalaya and the Kasauli in the Himachal
Himalaya. Pilgrim (1910) recorded a gradual transition from Muree beds to Lower Siwalik in the
Rawalpindi and Jhelum districts of Pakistan and from Kasauli to Lower siwalik (Nahan) in the
Himachal Himalaya. This fact assumes importance because there is a tendency to ignore this normal
relationship between the Siwalik and Sirmur Groups at Dharamsala, Sarkaghat and Nalagarh.
At Haritalyangar near Bilaspur, the Lower Siwalik is seen resting on the Dagshai with an
unconformity, which is described as the most striking discordance in the whole sequence of
freshwater deposits and evidently representing a period of considerable earth movements
( Pascoe,1964) The Siwalik Group is divisible into three subgroups respectively the Lower, Middle
and Upper on the basis of lithostratigraphy (TableKarunakaran and Ranga Rao,1979).

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

29

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

Lower Siwalik Subgroup


The Lower Siwalik subgroup consists essentially of sandstone-clay alternation. The lower
boundary of the Lower Siwalik does not cropout a surface in the Jawalamukhi sector. In a deep well
drilled in the over thrust block of the Jawalamukhi Thrust, however, the Lower Siwalik is found
conformably is also marked by and increase in the percentage of heavy minerals giving a dark
appearance to the rock and incoming of less rounded heavy minerals like staurolite and unstable
types like zosite and epidote.
Table Showing Lithostratigraphy of the Siwilik Group
Sub Group
Upper Siwalik

Lithology
B) predominantly massive congolomerate with red

Thickness (approx.)
2300 m

and orange clay as matrix and minor sandstone


and earth, buff and brown claystone
Middle Siwalik

A) Sandstone, clay and conglomerate alternation.


B) Massive sandstone with minor conglomerate

1400 m. to

and local variegated claystone.

2000 m

A) Predominantly medium to coarse-grained sand


stone and red clays alternation, soft pebbly with
subordinate clay stone, locally thick prism of
Lower Siwalik

conglomerate
B) Alternation of fine to medium-grained

1600 m

sproradiclly pebbly sandstone, calcareous cement


and prominent chocolate and maroon clay stone in
the middle part.
A) Red and mauve clay stone with thin
intercalations of medium to fine-grained sandstone
The Lower Siwalik at Jawalamukhi is 1600 m in thickness. Several subdivisions are possible
on the basis of sandstone-shale ratio. Clasts are present only locally especially towards the top of the
formation, usually consisting of well-rounded, grey coloured quartzite, Kasauli sandstone and Shali
dolomite in 1or 2 cm size. Clasts are present locally in the sand stone especially towards the top and
these usually consist of grey and pink coloured quartzarenite possibly belonging to either the
Sundernagar Group or the Khairi Formation of the Shali Group.
Further east of Jawalamukhi at the inner edge of the foot-hills, the Lower Siwalik shows a
different facies. Immediately overlying the Kausauli, there is an unit of coarse feldspathic sandstone
and orange coloured clays. Higher up, angular classts of quartzarenite and chert are found in the
sandstone. The main Lower Siwalik sequence consists of conglomerate ending with boulder bed
containing clasts

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

30

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

In the Paror-Sarkaghat area, lying between the inner edge of the foot-hills and Jawalamukhi,
the lithology of the Shiwalik is intermediate in character. The lower part of the sequence consists of
medium grained subgreywacke interbedded with thick red clays, but higher up in the sequence,
sandstones are coarser and clasts become more frequent while clays are less developed. The
uppermost horizon consists of conglomerate with well rounded clasts of grey quartzite possibly
derived from the Shali Group. The total thickness of the Lower Siwalik in the western flank of the
Sarkaghat anticline is 1900 m.
Middle Swalik Subgroup
The middle Siwalik Subgroup comprises of large thickness of coarse micaecous sandstone,
some interbeds of earthy clay. It normally succeeds the Lower Siwalik consists of subgrawacke to
arkose interbedded with claystone and calcareous matter occurring in segregations rather than
disseminated throughout the sandstones. The sandstones are less well-sorted than those in Lower
Siwalik. Clays are dull coloured and silty. Clasts are common in coarser clastics, especially towards
top and consist of fragments of metamorphic rocks occurring in the Dhaoladhar range and Mandi
Volcanics. The thickness of Middle Siwalik is 1390 metres in the gorge of Banganga river, SW of
Kangra. Petrologically the Lower boundary of the Middle Siwalik coincides with the influx of kyanite in
the heavy mineral assemblage (Karunakaran and Ranga Rao, 1979).
Lateral facies changes are common. In the Jawalamukhi area, a thick prism of conglomerate
occurs in the Middle Siwalik, which within 15 km on either side changes to typical Middle Siwalik
sandy faceis. The thickness near the Beas river is 1890 m. In the Jawalamukhi sector, the middle
Siwaliks, which are of nature of channel and flood plain deposits in both NW. At the outer margins of
these areas, Middle Siwalik is transitional to flood plain facies, especially in the lower part of the
sequence. Higher up, massive arkosic sandstones occur in the Bhakra gorge section, Middle Siwalik
sequence is about 1400 metres in thickness, divisible into two lithostratigraphic units. The lower lithoassociation is 750 m thick with alternations of moderately hard, well-bedded, medium to coarsegrained sandstone and red sandy clays. The overlying unit consists mainly of thick, soft to moderately
hard, massive, and coarse to medium-grained sandstones with thin intercalations of red and grey
clays.
Along the northern edge of the foot hills, the Middle Siwalik becomes predominantly
conglomeratic with pebbles derived from Sirmur Group and the Sundernagar- Shali Groups. The lack
of roundness of the clasts suggests a short distance transport. The conglomerates are generally very
thick (2000 m in Mandi area). Such conglomerates, representing piedmont deposits are found at
Bilaspur, Sarkaghat, Palampur, Baklog and other areas, and they indicate that the Himalayan uplift
had already begun with antecedent erosion.

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

31

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

In the SE Sirmour areas, on the other hand, the middle Siwalik which is nearly 2000 m thick
consists of alternations of clay and sandstones in the lower part and massive sandstones in the upper
part. It contains a moderately rich assemblage of opaques, garnet, tourmaline, epidote, staurolite,
zoisite, zircon, rutile, chlorite and kyanite marker attended by Lithological changes in the Siwalik
points to a major change in depositional pattern, accompanied by earth movements resulting in the
area north of the Siwalik basin.
Upper Siwalik Subgroup
The upper Siwalik Subgroup can be easily separated from the underlying Middle Siwalik on
the basis of distinct Lithological change. In the Kangra area where the middle Siwalik, the
conglomerates contains clasts of basic volcanic rocks of the Mandi Darla Volcanic with a very thin
(10 m) transitional zone between them which may even suggest a local break between Middle and
Upper Siwalik. The upper Siwalik conglomerates conation red and orange coloured clay as matrix. NE
of Jawalamukhi, in the Lambagraon syncline only 600 to 900 m. of upper Siwalik are exposed as the
upper part is overlapped by the post-Upper Siwalik, Neogal conglomerates and red clays. In these,
the clasts are smaller and well rounded than those of the Upper Siwaliks. They probably belong to the
first interglacial period of the Pleistocene and therefore, the top of the Upper Siwalik extends into the
Lower Pleistocene.
The time interval between the two represents the last phase of the Himalayan orogeny. The
conglomeratic facies of the Uppar Siwalik is found in the main Mandi Re-entrant mainly in the
Lambagran syncline and in the area immediately to the SE of the main tectonic divide between the
Swalik belt and the Sirmaur belt. Southwards the conglomeratic facies comes progressively higher in
the sequence, under lain by grits and arkoses sandstone. SW of Jawalamukhi, for example, 1500 m
Upper Siwalik area exposed consisting of 1040 m lower pebbly sand stone sequence, often with grey
and brown clay bands and 460 m of conglomerate overlying them. This situation continues along the
Nadaun dun. At Bhakra gorge, the Upper Siwalik is 2350 mtrs thick, divisible in to a lower member of
1730 mtrs thickness, and an Upper Member 620 mtrs thick. The Lower Member mainly consists of
soft, massive, pebbly, sand stone with thin intercalation of conglomerates, and grey sandy clays
become prominent enough at the top of the formation to be identified separately has a Sub-Member,
215 m thick at Bhakra. North west wards, the clays are replaced by massive sand stone and
conglomerates which pass once more in to a clay, sand stone succession near Pathankot
In the outer foot-hills belt, in Janauri, the Upper Siwalik is mainly a sand stone interbedded
with silts. Conglomerates occur only at the North western part of the structure. The Upper Siwalik is
2300 m thick. Further southwestwards, in the planes, the sandy facies of the Upper Siwalik extends all
the way up to the Delhi- Lahore arch which seprates the Punjab platform from the Rajasthan Platform.
The thickness of the Upper Siwalik decreases steadily from 1610 m at Hoshiarpur to 445 m at Zira
near the top of the arch in Punjab. In the planes there to be no discordance between the post- Siwalik
alluvium and the Upper Siwalik.
K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)
Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

32

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

7. 2

Geology of the Area


The mining lease area is situated in the river course of Beas river and the stream course is

occupied with river borne deposits which comprises of Boulders Cobbles, Pebbles, Sands and Silt
clay deposits forming channel deposits of annual deposition. The deposits above high flood label are
categorized as terrace deposits which comprises of Boulders, Cobbles, Pebbles, Sand, Silt and clay.
The upper surface in terrace area is covered with sandy soil where agriculture fields are developed. In
the catchment area rocks of Siwalik formation are exposed which comprises of alternate sequence of
sand stone and clay/silt stone. In order to demarcate different litho units, Geological plan on 1:2000
scale with 1 meter contour interval is prepared. The followings table shows the rocks classification
according to age.
Channel Deposits
Boulders, Cobbles, Pebbles, Sand silt and clay
Terrace Deposits
Boulders, Cobbles, Pebbles, Sand silt and clay
--------------------------------------unconformity ----------------------------------Dharm shala group- Sand stone, Clay /Silt stone.
7.3

The nature of rocks and their attitude


The mining lease area is covered with river borne deposits which are deposited in Beas River

during flood season. The Beas River receives its sediment load from the disintegration/erosion of the
rocks forming catchment area. The deposits contain sediments of quartzite, Granite sand stone, with
fine nature of sand, silt and clay. The colour of the course aggregates varies from white, off-white to
greyish in colour. The boulders are sub-angular to sub-rounded in shape but their surface is smooth.

7.4

The nature of rocks along the bank


The Banks comprises of terrace deposits and exposures of bed rocks are not seen exposed in

the mining lease area. However, on the bank side Siwalik formations are well exposed.

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

33

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

Mineable Reserve
7.4 (1) Mineable area
To select the mineable area from the total area granted on mining lease, the provision made in
the Himachal Pradesh Minor Mineral (Concession) Revised Rules, 1971 and H.P. Mining Policy -2013
and land form studies was taken in to consideration. There is no point of public utilities / features
situated in and around the mining lease area.

View of Area
Mineable Area
The lease area falls almost in the central part of the Beas river which gets huge sediments
load during monsoon and also during winter rains, therefore the whole of the worked out area shall be
replenished every year as such there shall be no need of rotational mining and whole of the area is
available to worked throughout the year. After leaving 1/10 th of the area from the banks, whole of the
lease area is workable but for preservation of stable land, the stable land has been excluded from the
working area
7.5

Mineable Reserves calculations


The purpose of lease defined in the lease deed is that lease holder shall install a stone crusher

for manufacture of grit. As such, the primary raw material required for stone crusher is boulders /Stone
of more than 40 mm. size. The river borne material contains boulders, sand, bajri and mixture of clay/
silt. As per law, the lease holder can sell sand in the open market if there is a demand of such
material. The clay/silt do not have any market value and this material will be used for rehabilitation
work.
In order to calculate the mineable reserves, the following points are taken in to consideration.
1

A Geological map on 1.2000 scales is prepared and main Litho-units were marked on the plan to
know the surface spread of each unit.

The different constituents of river borne deposits such as boulder, bajri, sand and silt /clay based
on size classification were considered for reserve calculation. Although it is not possible to mark
these units separately on the geological map as such a pit of 1x1x1 meter was got dug in the
mining lease area and material so excavated was separated into different size and their
percentage was worked out and this percentage was taken in to account during calculation of
reserves. The results of the test pit dug are given in the following table
Table Showing % age of minor mineral constituents

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

34

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

1
2
3
4

Boulder
50%(40 mm. to 60 cms Size
Bajri
25%( 5 mm to 40mm)
Sand
20%( 2 mm to 5 mm)
Silt
5%(less than 2 mm)
Graph showing % age of Minor Mineral constituents

The average specific gravity of 2.25 is taken for calculation of reserves and one meter depth is taken
for calculation of reserve and one meter depth is taken for exploration of deposit.
3

The Mineable reserves calculated as per the productions requirement are given in the

year wise development and production programme.


7.6

Replenishment
The annual replenishment of the material depends up on the discharge and grade of river and

geology of catchment area. Based on field studies it is expected that excavated area will be full
replenished during monsoon season, The carrying capacity of Beas River is very high, therefore ,
excavated area is field up single in a season. The mining lease area is in the central part of the Beas
river bed, therefore, there is no need of rotational mining as whole of the worked out area shall
completely replenished.
7.6(a) Year wise production programme
Details of the production of the stone (boulder), bajri (pebbles), sand and silt from first to fifth
year are given below : Table Showing Yearwise Production of Minor Minerals
Year

Area

Proposed

Production of Mineral

For mining (in


st

1 Year
2nd Year
3rd Year
4th Year

sq.mtr)
1,50,000
1,50,,000
1,50,000
1,50,000

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

Boulders
1,68,750
1,68,750
1,68,750
1,68,750

Bajri
84,375
84,375
84,375
84,375

(in MT)
Sand

Silt/Clay

67,500
67,500
67,500
67,500

35

16875
16875
16875
16875

Total
3,37,500
3,37,500
3,37,500
3,37,500

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

5th Year

1,50,000
Total

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

1,68,750
8,43,750

84,375
4,21,875

67,500
3,37,500

36

16875
84375

3,37,500
16,87,500

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

Graph year wise proposed production of minor minerals

7.7(a) Development and Production at the end of the 1st year(Plate No.-3)
During 1st Year of development and production programme, mining is proposed in 1, 50.000
sq.mts. area only. The production of each mineral Constituent will be as under
Mineral
Boulders
Bajri ( Pebbles)
Sand
Silt
Total

Quantity in Tonnes
1,68,750
84375
67500
16875
3,37,500

Afforestation plantation will be carried outside the mining lease area as whole of the lease area is
within HFL and submerge during monsoon as such no palantation within the lease area can survive.
Therefore, the lease holder shall do compensatory plantation in consultation with Mining Officer,
Dharamshala and local Gram Panchayat.
Protection of banks Whole of the lease area is within HFL and for away from the banks, as such
there is no need to raise check dams for protection of the banks
Soil dump Since whole of the area submerge into water during monsoon, as such some suitable
place in consultation with Mining Officer, Dharamshala is to be selected so that the same could be
used for raising plantation.
Graph Showing Development and Production at the end of the 1st year

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

37

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

7.7(b) Development and production at the end of 2nd year Plate No-3
During 2nd Year of development and production programme, mining is proposed in 1, 50.000
sq.mts. area only. The production of each mineral Constituent will be as under
Mineral
Boulders
Bajri ( Pebbles)
Sand
Silt
Total

Quantity in Tonnes
1,68,750
84375
67500
16875
3,37,500

Afforestation plantation will be carried outside the mining lease area as whole of the lease area is
within HFL and submerge during monsoon as such no palantation within the lease area can survive.
Therefore, the lease holder shall do compensatory plantation in consultation with Mining Officer,
Dharamshala and local Gram Panchayat.
Protection of banks Whole of the lease area is within HFL and for away from the banks, as such
there is no need to raise check dams for protection of the banks
Soil dump Since whole of the area submerge into water during monsoon, as such some suitable
place in consultation with Mining Officer, Dharamshala is to be selected so that the same could be
used for raising plantation.
Graph Showing Development and Production at the end of the 2nd year

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

38

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

7.7(c) Development and production at the end of the 3rd year Plate No.-3
During 3rd year of development and production programme, mining is proposed in 1, 50.000
sq.mts. area only. The production of each mineral Constituent will be as under
Mineral
Boulders
Bajri ( Pebbles)
Sand
Silt
Total

Quantity in Tonnes
1,68,750
84375
67500
16875
3,37,500

Afforestation plantation will be carried outside the mining lease area as whole of the lease area is
within HFL and submerge during monsoon as such no palantation within the lease area can survive.
Therefore, the lease holder shall do compensatory plantation in consultation with Mining Officer,
Dharamshala and local Gram Panchayat.
Protection of banks Whole of the lease area is within HFL and for away from the banks, as such
there is no need to raise check dams for protection of the banks
Soil dump Since whole of the area submerge into water during monsoon, as such some suitable
place in consultation with Mining Officer, Dharamshala is to be selected so that the same could be
used for raising plantation.
Graph Showing Development and Production at the end of the 3rd year

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

39

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

7.7(d) Development and production at the end of the 4th year Plate No.-3
During 4th year, of development and production programme, mining is proposed in 1, 50.000
sq.mts. area only. The production of each mineral Constituent will be as under
Mineral
Boulders
Bajri ( Pebbles)
Sand
Silt
Total

Quantity in Tonnes
1,68,750
84375
67500
16875
3,37,500

Afforestation plantation will be carried outside the mining lease area as whole of the lease area is
within HFL and submerge during monsoon as such no palantation within the lease area can survive.
Therefore, the lease holder shall do compensatory plantation in consultation with Mining Officer,
Dharamshala and local Gram Panchayat.
Protection of banks Whole of the lease area is within HFL and for away from the banks, as such
there is no need to raise check dams for protection of the banks
Soil dump Since whole of the area submerge into water during monsoon, as such some suitable
place in consultation with Mining Officer, Dharamshala is to be selected so that the same could be
used for raising plantation.
Graph Showing Development and Production at the end of the 4th year

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

40

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

7.7(E) Development and production at the end of the 5th year Plate No.-3
During 5th year, of development and production programme, mining is proposed in 1, 50.000
sq.mts. area only. The production of each mineral Constituent will be as under
Mineral
Boulders
Bajri ( Pebbles)
Sand
Silt
Total

Quantity in Tonnes
1,68,750
84375
67500
16875
3,37,500

Afforestation plantation will be carried outside the mining lease area as whole of the lease area is
within HFL and submerge during monsoon as such no palantation within the lease area can survive.
Therefore, the lease holder shall do compensatory plantation in consultation with Mining Officer,
Dharamshala and local Gram Panchayat.
Protection of banks Whole of the lease area is within HFL and for away from the banks, as such
there is no need to raise check dams for protection of the banks
Soil dump Since whole of the area submerge into water during monsoon, as such some suitable
place in consultation with Mining Officer, Dharamshala is to be selected so that the same could be
used for raising plantation.
Graph Showing Development and Production at the end of the 5th year

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

41

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

8.

Waste disposal arrangement if any:As already explain in Para 7.4 A waste generated contains Silt and Clay mixture which do not

have any market value. The following quantity of waste shall be generated during five years of mining.
This material shall be used for raising plantation outside the lease area, raised in consultation with
Mining Officer, Dharamshala and Gram Panchayat.
Graph Showing Production of waste year wise

9.

Reclamation Plan (Plate No.-3)

9.1

Plantation
The afforestation programme is the most important programme to improve the environment

and ecological balance of the area. Grasses and bushes which have fibrous roots are at the first
instance grown which give the binding property to the soil. After growing grasses and bushes, other
K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)
Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

42

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

tree species in consultation with the experts will be raised, based on the characteristics of soil,
topography and climatic conditions. The year wise area proposed for plantation is as under:Table Showing Yearwise area proposed for afforestation
Sr. No.
1
2
3
4
5

Year
1St Year
2nd year
3rd year
4th year
5th year
Total area

Location
P-1
P-2
P-3
P-4
P-5

Area
1200
1200
1300
1400
1500
6600

Square metres
Square metres
Square metres
Square metres
Square metres
Square metres

Graph Showing Yearwise area proposed for afforestation

9.2

Check Dam Whole of the lease area is within HFL and for away from the banks, as such there

is no need to raise check dams for protection of the banks


10

Estimated cost of Reclamation:To carry reclamation programme, a gardener on regular basis will be employed. The gardener

will work 10 days per month. The total reclamation cost arrived for five years shall be total cost = 10
days x 12 months x 5 years x Rs. 200= Rs 1,20,000 or Rs 24000/- per Annum.

11.

Strategy for protection of point of public utility :There is no point of public utility situated in the area.

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

43

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

12.

Man Power Development:_


In order to carry mining operation 20-25 number of labourers shall be employed. To keep a

watch on the machinery & equipment, keeper will also be employed.


13.

Use of Mineral:The extracted stone will be used in the proposed stone crusher to make grit comprising of

different sizes.
14

Environment Management Plan

1 Change in Topography & land use pattern


2 Effect on surface waste
3 Effect on Flora an Fauna
4 Effect on Ground water
5 Effect on Climate
6 Effect on air quality
7 Noise level
8 Visual impact
9 Socio-economic impact
Base Line Data
The base line data in respect of above factor was collected from various sources. The likely
impact of mining if any and its control measures adopted are discussed below:
1

Change in Topography and Land Pattern


As already explained the mining will be carried out in the river bed. The area where mining

shall be carried out would be replenished during the monsoon season due to fresh deposition. As
such there would be no change in topography. The river bed will be remain as river bed as such there
will be no change in land use pattern.
2

Effect on surface water


The mining in a systematic way will help in chanelisation of the river course. However, to avoid

any effect on water supply scheme mining is not allowed in a radius of 200 mtrs. from water supply
scheme.

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

44

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

Effect on Flora and Fauna


The mining is confined to river bed where there is no growth of any vegetation. The mining will

not cause any effect on the flora and fauna in the surrounding area.
4

Effect on Ground water


The mining will be carried out up to a very shallow depth, and it will not cause any effect on

ground water.
5

Effect on Climate
The mining will be carried out in a very small area and there will be no effect on climate.

Effect on air quality


During course of mining some dust is likely to be generated which would be settled down with

the passage of time and moreover it do not have any long lasting effect.
7

Noise Pollution
During mining no blasting will be carried out as mining will be carried out manually. However

during operation of machinery, the noise level will increase. However regular maintenance of
machinery and by taking other suitable measures, the noise label can be minimized
8

Visual Impact
The mining will be carried out in the river bed. There will be no change in the material as it will

not cause any visual impact.


9

Socio- Economic Impact


The mining will provide employment to the local people and it will help in the upliftment of

socio-economic condition of the residents.


15.

Any other relevant information


Lot of construction activity in private & Government sector is going on. Grit is the basic

requirement for construction material and there is necessity of such activity to flourish so that the
requirement of the material could be met locally.

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

45

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

SUCCESSIVE MINE CLOSURE PLAN


16.1

Introduction

16.1.1 Name Of The Lease Holder

Sh.Kushal K Rana
Shri Baldev Singh Rana
Village Sari, Post Office Molag,
Tehsil Jai Singhpur, District Kangra
Himachal Pradesh

16.1.2 Location Of the Mine


The lease area is located on eastern side of Lambagaon town in the river bed of Beas,
upstream side on the confluence with Haroti Khad. The site is approachable from AlampurJaisinghpur road, which is running on the right bank of Beas River and is approached by a link road of
about 1.5 Km. length road through river bed near Lambagaon.
Discussed in the text at point 2.4 and also shown in map showing location of the lease area
16.1.3 Detail Description of The Area
The Area over an area measuring 22-78-04 Hectares situated in Khasra Nos. 1002 & 1003 in
Mauza Jaisinghpur, Mohal Kutahan, Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra.
Discussed in the text at point 2.5
16.1.4 Land Use Pattern Of The Area
Discussed in the text at point 3.1 in detail (Land use pattern surrounding lease area)
16.1.5 Method Of Mining
1

The mining/ collection of minerals shall involve shoveling by simple hand tool and loading into
trucks/ tractors- trailers for transporting them to crusher site. However, more efficient mining with
scientific channelization of river would be possible if permission is obtained from the authorities
for use of mechanical shovels and loaders such as JCB

No blasting shall be resorted to the lease area having gentle slope with gradient of 1:40, tracks
for the movement of trucks and tractors can be made and maintained in any part of the lease
area

Trenches and pits for the mining purpose shall be made in such a way so that they are not more
than one meter and follow the general/ normal channel direction of the river.

With the replenishment of the pits and trenches during the high floods, the process of the
controlled mining can continue year after year. The erosion and weathering of rock of different

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

46

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

age group and different type of rocks in the catchment have inexhaustible supply of required
minerals.
5

Though the major mining activities will be under taken during the dry seasons but restrained
mining can be under taken during the dry days of rainy season.

The banks are for away from the lease area and high which cannot over flow during flood
situation and will have no impact of mining in the central part of the river.

16.1.6 Mineral Processing Operation


The basic requirement of the lease is to get supply of stone of different sizes for the
manufacturing of grit which can be fed into jaw/ roller. The river borne sediments shall be brought to
the crusher site and shall be separated to bifurcate the small size of the material which cannot be
used for the purpose of making grit such as sand and sand mixed silt. The medium size of material
shall be fed in the roller crusher while size larger than 64 mm shall be fed in the jaw to make grit.
16.1.7 Name & Address Of The Recognized Person
K.C. Katoch (RQP) Geologist (Retd.)
AND
Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd), RQP
Block- F, Set No. 8
Knollswood Housing Board Colony
Shimla-171002
16.2

MINE DESCRIPTION

16.2.1 GEOLOGY
The lease area form part of the stream bed covered with boulders of different age group rocks
brought down during the flood in the stream. The area comprised predominantly the boulders,
pebbles, sand, sand mixed silt and clay formed due to the erosion of rocks consisting of quartzite,
lime stone., sand stone, granite etc
Discussed in the text at point 7.2 in detail.
SCP-1 TABLE SHOWING CATEGORIES OR RIVER BORNE MATERIAL AND END USE
Sr. No
1
2
3

Category/ Mineral/ Material


Boulders& cobbles
Pebbles
Sand

Size
More than 64 mm
12mm to 64 mm
1/16mm to 12mm

End Use
Grit in the stone crusher (Jaw)
Grit (Roller)
To be sold in the market after
screening, separating clay/silt as

4
5

Silt/Sand-Clay Mixture
Clay

1/256mm to 1/16mm
Less than 1/256 mm

per demand
To be used for back filling
To be used for rehabilitation work

16.2.2 RESERVES

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

47

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

The lease has been granted for the procurement of raw material for manufacturing of grit in the
stone crusher. The lease area falls in the river bed and river borne material as boulders, cobbles,
pebbles, sand mixed clay are available in the river bed which is generate from the erosion of the
different age group rocks in the catchment area. The average depth for mining has been proposed for
one meter in the river bed.. As per policy, 1/10 th of the span from the banks is to be left as no mining
zone area but in the present case whole of the area is workable being away from either bank. average
one meter depth in whole of the lease area has been taken for calculation of reserves, and exploration
of deposit to be in consonance with proposed requirement of material although as per policy one
meter extraction is permissible.
SCP-2 TABLE SHOWING MINEABLE RESERVES OF THE LEASE AREA
Table Showing Year wise Production Programme

1st Year
2nd Year
3rd Year
4th Year
5th Year
Total

1,50,000
1,50,,000
1,50,000
1,50,000
1,50,000

1,68,750
1,68,750
1,68,750
1,68,750
1,68,750
8,43,750

84,375
84,375
84,375
84,375
84,375
4,21,875

67,500
67,500
67,500
67,500
67,500
3,37,500

16875
16875
16875
16875
16875
84375

3,37,500
3,37,500
3,37,500
3,37,500
3,37,500
16,87,500

Graph showing Total production of minor minerals

16.2.3 Mineral Benification

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

48

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

The primary requirement of the stone crusher is stone of the size of not more than 60 cms.
size boulders. The larger blocks are hand broken so that the same could be fed in the primary jaw of
the stone crusher. The size of the material being fed in the jaw is manually separated to ensure that
the size of the boulder of more than 60 cms. are not given feed for better results and reducing
chances of breaking down of machinery and also energy saving operation of the machinery . The size
of boulders is further reduced in the secondary jaw to obtained required size of the material by using
granulator, the required size of the grit as per market demand can be produced.
16.3

PROGRESSIVE MINE CLOSURE PLAN


The area lies in the regular course of Beas River, which gets flood in monsoon and also

occasional rains during winter. During monsoon, the mined out pit are replenished completely is
ascribable to erosion of the formations in the catchment area due to heavy rainfall, weathering of
rocks and consequent fast flowing water in higher region of the catchment.
The requirement of the applicant will be boulders of more than sand size and not more than 60
cms. size which can be fed into jaw crusher and roller crusher. No mining is allowed within 5 meters of
either bank or 1/10th of the span of the ricer whichever is higher.
THE MINING OPERATION HAS BEEN PLANNED KEEPING IN VIEW THE POSSIBLE EFFECT ON
THE MEANDERING OF KHAD
The area lies in the regular Beas river and gets rain during monsoon and also during winter
rains. The deposit comprise of granite, quartzite, lime stone, dolomite comprising of boulders,
pebbles, sand and silt. The boulders are white, spotted white, greenish white pink, purple and dark
green in colour. Boulders fragments are rounded, sub rounded and discoidal in shape having smooth
surface. The size varies from gravel to boulders. The thickness of deposit is up to 4 meters.
During monsoon the mined out pits are replenished completely from the erosion of different
rocks formations in the catchment due to heavy rainfall. The gradient in the lease area is very gentle
as such sudden decrease in the carrying capacity and competency of the river as such sediment load
is shed in this area. The annual deposition of the river is 4 to 10 cms. but due to conducive conditions
being on the confluence of Yamuna River and back water conditions, the whole of the worked out area
is fully replenished.
The basic requirement of granting lease is the establishment of stone crusher and to meet out
the supply of raw material which is the size of more than the size of sand and up to the size of 60
cms. The boulders size of larger than 60 cms., cannot be feed in the stone crusher due to jaw size of
the crusher and better result of electricity consumption and also the longer life of the machinery. As
K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)
Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

49

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

per policy 1/10th of the span of the river is to left from the banks as no mining zone for the protection of
banks but in the present case banks are away from the lease area as such whole of the area is
workable. The fact that mining on the concave bank is more suitable and convex is less suitable for
proper canalization of river bed has been kept in mind so that water do not change its channel during
heavy rains.
The mining operation is suggested to the flow of the river which shall reduce the chances of
flooding surrounding area and over flowing the banks. It has been also observed in the upstream area
where mining leases have been granted and being worked that whole of the area is replenished
during monsoon. Hence mined out area of the pre-monsoon will be completely filled with mineral
during monsoon. There is no need to rotational mining due to its location near the confluence of
Yamuna River and back water situation. The workability is suggested by keeping in mind possible
effect of meandering behavior of river, if mining is done on both the banks.
Hence, no rehabilitation is required in the river bed because whole of the area is within HFL
and submerge in the water during monsoon period.
16.4

CLOSURE PLAN

16.4.1 MINED OUT LAND


The boulders size of larger than 60 cms., cannot be feed in the stone crusher due to jaw size
of the crusher and better result of electricity consumption and also the longer life of the machinery. As
per policy 1/10th of the span of the river is to left from the banks as no mining zone for the protection of
banks but in the present case banks are away from the lease area as such whole of the area is
workable. The fact that mining on the concave bank is more suitable and convex is less suitable for
proper canalization of river bed has been kept in mind so that water do not change its channel during
heavy rains. The mining operation is suggested to the flow of the river which shall reduce the chances
of flooding surrounding area and overflowing the banks. Hence mined out area of the pre-monsoon
will be completely filled with mineral during monsoon. There is no need to rotational mining due to its
location in Beas River which has high carrying capacity and high replenishment factor. The workability
is suggested by keeping in mind possible effect of meandering behavior of river, if mining is done on
both the banks.
Hence, no rehabilitation is required in the river bed because whole of the area is within HFL
and submerge in the water during monsoon period.

Table SCP-3 Schematic Scheme of successive closure of mine


K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)
Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

50

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

SUCESSIVE CLOSURE
BEFORE MINING
CONSIDERATION
MINING
WASTE MINERAL
To be deposited in the nearby vicinity in
consultation with Mining Officer,
Dharamshala which shall be used for the
purpose of plantation.

RIVER BED
REPLENISHMENT

CHANNELISATION
Reduce the danger

Rotation of area
Plantation will be

of flood in the
surrounding area.

done out of the

No mining within

river bed being

1/10th of the span

lease area under


No danger of chemical
Pollution because it will
be only river borne material
after mechanical sorting

from river banks.

flood during

The banks are

monsoon in

away from the lease

consultation with

area and needs no

Mining Officer,

special protection.

Dharamshala and
concerned Gram
AFTER MINING

Panchayat
CHANNELISED RIVER BED

REHABILITATION SCHEME
Table Showing Year wise Area Proposed for plantation
Sr. No.
1
2
3
4
5

Year
1St Year
2nd year
3rd year
4th year
5th year
Total area

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

Location
To be decided in
consultation with Mining
Officer, Dharamshala
and Gram Panchayat

Area
1200
1200
1300
1400
1500

Square meters
Square meters
Square meters
Square meters
Square meters

6600

Square meters

51

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

Graph showing area proposed for plantation

16.4.2 Water Quality Management


The area lies in the regular course of Beas River which gets flood in the rainy season. This is a
perennial snow fed river . The mining is suggested by digging trenches parallel to the flow of the water
in the bed in such a way that mined out pit will act as depository for the future year. During monsoon
and winter rains, the mined out area is replenished completely is ascribable to erosion of the different
rock formations in the catchment due to heavy rainfall and consequent fast flowing water in higher
region of the catchment.The mining is suggested in such a way that mined out trenches will help in
checking the flood. There will not be any chemical contamination in the water. The dug out pit will also
help in ground water charging because pit will act as artificial ground water charge pits.
16.4.3 Air Quality Management
The area is within the regular course of the Beas River which gets flood in rainy season and
mining is undertaken by lifting of river borne sediments. No blasting is required hence only source of
dust will be by the movement of vehicles for the transportation of mineral to the crusher site. Hence
proper spray of water will be done on the haulage road.
16.4.4. Waste Management
The basic requirement of the lease will be boulders, cobbles, pebbles for the manufacturing of
grit. Since the other components are not separable from each other within the bed being an
associated mineral, the material is lifted as lump and sorted out mechanically in the stone crusher for
getting different size of material. The size of less than 12mm cannot be used for the purpose of grit
making. The sand shall be sold in the open market. The wastage shall not be dumped back within the

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

52

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

lease area as whole of the lease area is within High flood Level and shall be washed away during
flood situation. Mining Officer should find out the way to best utilize this wastage to fill the low lying
areas near the lease site or find out possibility to use this material in the road construction to lay down
base layer which shall be in the interest of mineral conservation and also shall be source of additional
revenue earning to the State.
Table No Scp-5 Year Wise Production Of Waste During Five Year Period In Tonnes
Table showing production of waste
Year
1st Year
2nd Year
3rd Year
4th Year
5th Year
Total

Silt & Clay in Tonnes


16875
16875
16875
16875
16875
84,375

Graph No Scp-5 Showing Year Wise Production Of Waste & Soil During
Five Year Period In Tonnes

16.4.5 Disposal Of Mining Machinery


The machinery will be new and mine shall be in operation for quite long time, therefore, no
disposal of machinery is required.
16.4.6 Safety And Security
The mining shall be carried on the river bed by digging up to a depth of 1meter and no blasting
is involved in it. Hence, there is no danger and no special precaution is required if general public cross
the lease area. However, standard precautions are always to be kept in mine for the safety of workers
and fence the trenches so that no animal fall in the trench.

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

53

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002

Working Cum Environment Management Plan Of Mining Lease Granted In Favour Of


Sh. Kushal K. Rana, S/o Late Sh Baldev Singh Rana for Mining Mineral Sand, Stone And Bajri
situated In Mohal Kutahan, Mauja Jaisinghpur Situated In Tehsil Jaisinghpur, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

16.4.7 Disaster Management And Risk Management


No blasting is involved and maximum depth of the pit shall not be more than one meter at any
point and average depth shall be 1.0 meter, therefore, no scope of landslide, fires, subsidence tailing
dam failure. Hence there is no scope for disaster relating to mining activity. Because mining area is
seasonal river bed mining and not to be under taken during flood situation and there is no chance of
sudden rushing water as such no extra vigil for the safety of workers from flood water is required.

K.C. Katoch Geologist (Retd.) )RQP)


Ashok Sharma Mining Officer (Rtd) (RQP)

54

Block-F Set No 8, Knollswood Housing Board


Colony Shimla (H.P.) 171002