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Technology Event

Fieldbus Foundation Changing the Playing Field "


Date
Venue
Hotel

: 21st June, 2008 (Saturday)


: TROPICANA Conference Room.
: Taj Residency,
Akota Gardens,
Vadodara - 390 020 INDIA

Cabling Solutions for


Foundation Fieldbus Systems
By Raman Kalra
Belden India

Agenda
Foundation Fieldbus Cable Standard
Beyond the Standard
- Multi Pair Solutions
- Field Barrier and Long Distance Applications
Cost Comparison
Jacket & Armouring Options

FF standard
IEC 61158/ISA-SP 50 Standards
FF Specification
H1 Cable Test specifications FF844
Conductor Size
Impedance
Capacitance Unbalance
Conductor DC resistance
Attenuation@39kHz
Max. Propagation Delay
Minimum Shield Coverage
Max Network Length

Type A

18AWG(0.8 sq.mm)
100ohms +/-20
4nF/Km
24ohms/Km
3dB/Km
1.7S/Km
90%
1900m

9 Colour code orange / blue


9 Jacket colour Orange or Blue (for IS applications)
9 Optional armouring to meet e.g. Atex requirements

Key Cable Parameters


Impedance 100 @ 31.25 kHz
Capacitance Unbalance < 4 F/km (capacitance between one wire and
screen to other wire and shield)

Conductor DC Resistance < 24 /km


Cable Shielding > 90% coverage

CcS

Drain wire

CcS
Shield

Inductance & resistance

Insulation

Conductor

Centricity
Ccc

Key Cable Parameters

Capacitance Unbalance
A Twisted Pair Exposed to a Noise Source

When twisted pair is exposed to a noise source such as running


machinery or fluorescent lights, each conductor of the pair is
exposed equally.

Key Cable Parameters

Ideal Capacitance Unbalance


Noise and Signal at the Receiving End of a Typical Pair

When the capacitance of conductors within a pair are not equal, each
conductor will react differently to noise.
Total subtraction of noise is virtually impossible.

Key Cable Parameters

When the capacitance of conductors within a pair are different, signals may travel at
different rates (velocity).
Signal interpretation issues may occur as signals arrive at different times.
Lower levels of capacitance unbalance equates to higher noise cancellation.

FF vs Standard Instrument Cable


FF cable has lower Capacitance
FF cable is designed to a specific impedance to
reduce signal reflections and maximize network length
FF cables are tested during production to meet
specific requirements:
Capacitance Unbalance
Impedance
Conductor D.C. resistance

FF Wiring

Control Strategy

Agenda

Foundation Fieldbus Cable Standard


Beyond the Standard
- Multi Pair Solutions
- Field Barrier and Long Distance Applications
Cost Comparison
Jacket & Armouring Options

Multi Pair Solutions


Multi Pair Fieldbus cables:
9 2 to 24 pair configurations
9 Each individual pair meets the FF Type A
requirements
9 Orange or Blue (IS) outer jacket
9 Armouring optionally
9 Other jacket materials optionally

Agenda
Foundation Fieldbus Cable Standard
Beyond the Standard
- Multi Pair Solutions
- Field Barrier and Long Distance Applications
Cost Comparison
Jacket & Armouring Options

Fieldbarrier Concept
Fieldbarriers in
Zone 1
Instrument Spurs
in Zone 0
Bus trunkline
also used to
power the
Fieldbarriers
9 Maximize nr. of
instruments on
the bus in the
zone.

Human Interface Station

V-network
Field Control Station

Fieldbus Card
Power
Supply

Zone 1

EEx(e)

Zone 0
Eex ia IIC

EEx(e)
R

Agenda
Foundation Fieldbus Cable Standard
Beyond the Standard
- Multi Pair Solutions
- Field Barrier and Long Distance Applications
Cost Comparison
Jacket & Armouring Options

Cost Comparison Vs Instr. Cable

Reduction in hardware costs


Less cable
Less installation time
Less I/O
Less Interfacing

4-20 mA

Reduced footprint in CR
IS

IS

IS

IS

IS

Fieldbus

Cost Comparison
Why is Fieldbus cabling more expensive than standard
instrumentation cable?
9 PP instead of PVC or XLPE on the cores
9 More insulation material required
9 More complicated process = slower process = higher costs
160

1,400

140

1,200

120

Price Index

100
800
80
600
60
400

40

200

20
0

PLTC ISOS

FF Multi Pair

BS5308

RE 2X(St)Y

Volume in km

1,000

Agenda
Foundation Fieldbus Cable Standard
Beyond the Standard
- Multi Pair Solutions
- Field Barrier and Long Distance Applications
Cost Comparison
Jacket & Armouring Options

Jacket options

Jacket Material

Applications

Cost

PVC

General Applications

CPE

Chemical Wash Downs,


Exposure to Chlorines

$$$

TPE

High & Low Temp,


Chemical Exposure

$$$$

Halogen Free

Limited Smoke, Low Acid


Gas Generation

$$

Jacket options
PVC meeting UL 13 (for physical requirements) (UL 1685 for flame
requirements)
LSNH meeting IEC 60332-3-24 (c)
CPE (for improved chemical resistance) meeting UL 13 (for
physical requirements) (UL 1685 for flame requirements)

Oil Resistant PVC meeting UL 13(for physical requirements) (UL


1685 for flame requirements)

TPE jacket for improved flexibility meeting UL 13(for physical


requirements) (UL 1685 for flame requirements)

Armouring options
Interlock
Aluminum
Steel
Protective Metal Tapes
Smooth or Corrugated (longitudinal or spiral
wrapped)
Copper
Aluminum
Steel

SWA (Steel Wire Armour)


Steel

Why use armour

Physical protection
Maintain signal integrity
Provides additional shielding
Reduces cost of conduit
Direct Burial
Easy to install and re-route
Rodent Protection
Hazardous Locations
Class 1, DIV. 1 in Canada
Class 1, Div. 2 or Class 2, Div. 2 in USA
Zone 0, 1 or 2 IEC 60079 and Cenelec

FOUNDATION Fieldbus Features


Plant
Diagnostics
Field
Performance
Diagnostics

Level 4

In orderDevice
to achieve
and
Level 3 this all passive
process or
Diagnostics
equipment
active components
have to be
optimized
2
forLevel
a flawless
data-transmission
actuators,
elements
Fisher

valves, connections

Communications
Diagnostics

electronics

Level 1

More information from field devices.


Reduced maintenance

Diagnostics/Adv diagnostics/ Asset Management


Pro-active maintenance
Fisher

communications

Fact based maintenance, avoid no action work

Questions?