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INDEX

Foucauld, Charles

de

393

Angelo The Blind


Fragments" P. J. Toulet

243

Legend, The
of
Legends
Murphy

180

Lenten

Francesca's

211

427, 455, 489, 520,


Fra

Flowers

France, American
Gaillard's

213

Proselytism in

Conversion

464

"

8a

310

Oak

Mabel

Ansley
689

Stations

The

in Rome,

"

Johannes
257

Jorgensen
Home

from

Let Us

be Broad

Light

on

John

Ayscough
585, 618, 648, 681, 715, 744,
well

780

Orthodox

as

Church

_554,

of

181

England

"

Clergyman

Louis
Linked

"

as

the

Convert

"

145

Lives

140

161

Small

Glimpse of The

Supernatural, A-rW.

S. D. S

Gloves, The

Lore

Janet

"

Little Miracle, A"

H.,
306

of Gold, The

Glamour

Grant

685
625

of

Nora
Acre by the Sea, A
Ryeman-626
563
Gospel of Our Lady, The
83
Great City's Patron Saint, A" N. T

God's

J. F. Scholfield-

44

Lodge, Sir Oliver


Long Masses and Short
Lore of Gloves, The"
G. M. Hort

53
372
625

"

Heart

of

Rover,

The"

173, 207, 238

Others

Helping
Hermanus

Contractus

Hermit

of

de
Hero

Schol-

F.

V.

field

of Fort
Mother's

His

Mother

Home"

Sweet

"Home

was

Humility
Huppy, A

of

Marian

Neshitt

"

P. L. Connellan

752

Mother
of Byzantium, A
Motte, Rebecca
Jean Nesmy
My Grandparents

371

Bailey's Dilemma"
Crowley

Mar?/ Catherine
430

Not

Absurdities

310

Not

to be Denied

341

Notable
Notes

New
and

Resolutions

21

Books

152

Remarks

119, 148,
277, 311,
439, 470,
597, 629,
759,

577

353

of Tyburn Convent
Gabriel
Legend of the Golden Altar, The

86,
245,
407,
565,
726,
790

143

One

Nun

54,
215,
374,
533,
695,

705

'

22,
182,
342,
502,
660,

689
Oak, Legends of the
Obituary
32, 64, 96, 128,
160, 192, 224, 256, 288,
320, 352, 384, 416, 448,
480, 512, 544, 576, 608,
640, 672, 704, 736, 768,__800
On the Seven Gifts of the Holy Ghost and

65

673

of

of St. Agnes, The


Large Families and Small"

565
783

"

Powers

178
301

"

758

311

Cecil Chomel

Lambs

Francis

A. McCarthy. 52

Year's

789

Denis

595

Jubilees

"

"

New

53

Guides

E. Christitch

"

Chapel.
Interesting Fact, An
In the Riccardi

Laurie

Louis

275

"

Lady

James

Montmartre

289

St. Paul's.""

Kevelaer, Our

"

752

Catholic,The

Ireland, Vignettes and Views of


9, 40,
73, 107, 136, 169, 204,
828
234, 266, 297,

In Vilna^-Marie

500

Montmartre

693

193

Bo^ia

581

Rewarded

Russia

in Free

372

Mortification

Neil

"

at

Ignorant Teachers and False


Imagination and Suffering

Islam

180

at

692

Legends

Darkest

G. M.

Small
Militant

273

Procession

Icelandic

In "Old

Written

Gardner

Maude

Memories

19

of American
History, A Romance
Holy Ghost, The Seven Gifts of the
How

609

621

Gilmore

"

Malta, A Famous
Crypt
Masses, Long and Short
May Customs

"

Florence

History, The

Hort

Meekness

"

"

Magi in Legend and

468

Countess
Sahara, The
393, 427, 455, 489, 520
117
Moultrie, The
Portrait
Mary E. Mannix
332, 365

the

Courson

His

In

the

Letters

595

Glad Awakening, The


Jean Nesmy
Glasgow, The Patron Saint of
James
Glimpse of The Azores, A

of

Meaning

588

Tale

Lesson

of Perfect

Contrition

Taught by the War


On the Taking of Resolutions
Opposing Forces in Education
Origin of Chess, The
Other
Sheep, The

692
275
21
500
658

308

INDEX

Our

Our
Our

Our

Our
Our

to Christ's

G. Hughes

641

Spiritism
Spiritistsand

Lady's Gospel" J. B
A. Hilliard AtterLady of Athens
idge
of
Beuron
Dotti Michael
Lady
Barrett, O. S. B
Ellis Schreiber
Lady of Kevelaer
Lady, Poets of

563

Some

Devotion

Mother

Rev.

"

H.

Mother

Patriotic
Poets

Heroine, A

of Our

Gardner

Maude

"

Lady

de Conde, The

Prince

Print, The

St. Ephrem

705

St. Francis

609

St. Gregory

147

St. Hilda's

225

St.

417

St.

406

St.

84

St.
St.

609

St.

627

Stations

659
A

118

in Order

790

by Providence
Proselytism, American,
Proverb, An Old

405

Protest
Protected

in

218

France

"

Visitor

143

304
Sales

de

97

the Great

787
436

Town

Ignatius
Joseph
Kentigern
Patrick, A Precursor
Pauls, In Old
Charles
Philip Neri

178

341

Propagation of the Faith, The


Confessional
Protestant
Advocated,

T.
459

Lambs

Her

and

545

694

of

Tyranny

Prohibition

193

"

Sadlier
St. Agnes

St.

Parthenon, The
Pascal, Thoughts of
Passiontide
Practice, A
Patience, The Virtue of

532

Legends
Darley Dale
Anna
Songstress of the Stairs, The

225

"

Our

Icelandic

Indians

"

"

"

467
Blackfoot

"

405
321

83
335

of

577

Fairbanks

B.

655

Theodora

371

of the

Cross, The
State and Education, The
Story of a Lonely Cross, The
Coyman
Story of a Silk Gown, The
Suffering and Imagination
Suppressing the "Ego"
Sweet
N. Toumeur
Heart
Abbey

406
373
Louis

"

399
339
595

693

369

"

372
Tax
212

Quotations, Unfamiliar

758
Religious Instruction for Children
Republic of Columbia, Our Treaty with the 342
21
Resolutions, The Taking of
Rev.
449
H. G. Hughes
Resurrection, The

on
Religious Art, The
Teachers, Ignorant, and Fal.se Guides

790

Their

595

Toleration
Two

Rev.

"

of

H.

33

G. Hughes

Norah,

The

S.

"

268

Carney
Chapel, In the
Robin the Page
Nora
Ryeman
RoUe, Richard, of Hampole
Rome, The Lenten Stations in
Romance
of American
History,

Royal

77, 110

Poets

Darley

"

609

of

the

Asa

"

"

N.

F.

Unfamiliar

Print, The

694

Quotations

212

737
Valley of the Spire, The" G. N. S
of Ireland
K. C.
Vignettes and Views
9, 40, 73, 107, 136, 169,
328
204, 234, 266, 297,
673
Virgin of Vilna, The

Virtue

More

Admired

than

373

Weddings and Jubilees


and
Past
Whalley Abbey
Whitby
Who
the
was
Messenger?
Haltigan
Hilliard
Atteridge

117

With

513

"*. Christitch

289
.

Incarnation, The

in

of

Cultivated, A

84
"

335

Louismet, O. S. B
Question, The
Sergeant Jasper
Sermonette
in Season,

Sex-Hygiene

Tyranny

"

257

19

of St. Patrick, A

Precursor

"

Dom

S.
321

School

Schools

"Slabsides"
Sister

692

Smith

Degidon
Royalty at Its Best"
Russia, In Darkest
Saint

Lady's Latin

Dale

65

"

J.

Our

789

Waldron

Riccardi

''

of

The

594

Resolution

Return

181

Laws,

Two

"

Resurgam

53

Rendezvous

Capistrano" i2. O'K


Spire, The Valley of the

Authors

"

A.
436

"

Patrick

Publishers

J.
50

769

31, 63,

95, 127, 159, 191, 223, 255,


287, 319, 351, 383, 415, 447,
479, 511, 543, 575, 607, 639,

468

628
497

671, 703, 735, 767,

14
737

and

789
Present

Wit

and

Reverence

799
244

INDSX

v%

POETRY
Alme

Alan Mc DougalLlGl
Pater, qui Filium
Hartmann
647
Day
of St. Gall
Passiontide
385
Magdalen Rock
"

Ascension
At

"

"

Ave

Maria"

JET.N.

Penitence
Petition

Thomas

"

"

353

Potato

718

Pro

Miller

The"

Patch,

769

J. Corson

Pilgrimage

481

E. Burke

Snell

Sydney

"

393
Wilbur

Edward

360

Mason

Ditty of St. Anthony, A


Ecce

Ancilla

Ex

Nocte

Domini

ad

Fr.

"

Lucem

Enid

"

Dinnis^-^

Aeternam

14

Raiment"

40

Recompense
Repentance

J. Corson

"

Miller

Pontifice

Friday" W. H. Hamilton
Grail
Arthur
Seekers, The
F

455

St.

Anon

"

Mountain

Summer,

in

Josephine,

0. S. U

Dulci

In

Exile"

234

Jubilo!

In

Maytime"

M.

Mater

Rope, M. A

G.

E.

In the Slums

June

Edwin

"

Edward

"

B.

F.

553
44

Safroni-

Gareschi, S. J

McElfatrick

Missal

Potentiae

"

Alan

G.

Crippled Child"

To

577

To

the

203

Tradesmen

685

Undaunted, The

Last

of the

"

"

"

of

Our

Peach

Wallace

641
"

169

T^. H. Hamilton
and

Wood

449

Carlin

Arthur

"

705

Crowley

McSea

Denis

"

A.

Carthy
Mc193

257
545

Wandering

33

G. M.

585

of

Way

289

Wind, The"

Pf

H.

H..

65

Times, The" Penis A. McCarthy


Enid Dinnis
Lady of the Way
Cha/rles J. Quirk, S. J
Peace
"

"

FOR

489

Minstrel

to

Lady, A

Our

the

779

Rose

Flowers,

The

"

Gertrude
107

Ross
and

Lily Blow

"

Magdalen
743

Rock
Yet

97

Little While"

"

Hort"

Robinson
When

Our

Francis

"

the Stars"

Voices

"

Ould

Paul

Wind"

225

C. S. Cross

673

Moor, The
Sydney Snell
Month
of Mary, The
Michael
Walsh
Mother
Song Louis F. Doyle, S. J
W. H. Hamilton
Mountain, The
My Inland Voyage" S. M. M
North

609

Middleton

297

Under
Deus
Magnus
Dougall

77
436

ie. O'K

Dolorosa"

Tapestry of Life, The" A. McE


M. R
Thought, A"S.
A.
To the English Blackbird

Rock
S". M.

"

737

iJev. H.

"

In

617

Sister

"

321

Agnes"

Stabat

Hail, Blessed Mary!


Hedge Between, The

430

Walsh

Michael

S. M.

140
S. M.

268

McElfatrick

B.

C. S. Cross

"

Snow-capped

Wallace

"

Steps, The"

"513

Edwin

"

129

Crowley

417

Peach
Grotto

Paul-

"

O'D

C. L.

Coeli"

Res
Good

Nostro

Elizabeth

VD.

523

Brownson

331

YOUNG

FOLKS

PROSE
About

Almanacs

About

Electricity

93

606

Bedtime

About

Elephants

126

Better

About

Lent

318

Birds'

Almanacs

Alphabet Deaf-and-Dumb,
Animals, Trapping
Ants, Wise
Apostles, The

637
350

than

That

574

670

Blue

478

Blueberry Farming

318

Days

Spectacles
Blazing Snowball, A
to the
Blessed
Sacrament, Devotion
Blessed Virgin, Flowers
of the

93
A

in Ancient

Bells

Birds

509
350
702
734
605

382
254

INDEX

of

Boy-Martyrs

England

253

vti

Table, The"
Camel, The
Lucky Accident, A

Little Gold

Ma?/ Wynne

29

Lost
California's

Big Trees
Candles, Queer
Clock of Lubeck, The
Costly Lesson, A
Cradle
of Liberty, The
Curious
Timepieces

510

254

446

_670

Moccasins

253

Moon's

414
766

An

Martyrs, Boy

537

670

Dauphin, The Kindness of the


Dog of Sir Henry Lee, The
Egyptian Legend,
Electricity
Elephants

222

253
62

Formation, The
More
Haste, Less Speed
MultiplicationTable, The
National

Emblems

575

Needles

606

States, Nicknames

126

94
126
506

Austin

Uncle

"

285
94

Nick-Sticks"
Not

Sillyat
Bells

M.

of the
F. N.

286
__734

All

222

Faithful

Friend, A

766

Faneuil

Hall_

253

Old

157

"Old

Fritz"

285

Our

American

766

Our

Lady's Bird

605

Palindromes

254

478

Pelissier,Marshal
Picture with a Purpose, A
Piety of a Great Patriot,The

414

of St. Elmo

Fire

Fleur-de-lis,The"
Floral Calendar, A
Flowers

of the

Blessed

Virgin

"

of

Perpetual Youth, The


Joseph of Austria

Francis
Frederick

509
158

of Prussia

Geese

222

Glass

Houses

"Good

and

Throwing

Stones

638

94

Again"

Granite
Great

General's

of

382

Piety, A

541

the

Maude

American

In

the Worm

Knight

"

H.

158

Twitchell

189
382

Prisoner

of

the

Porcelain

382

798

Tower,

Francis
Makejoy
Portugal, The Flag of

The

"

664
18b

was

Saved

Gets

into the

Land

Innkeeper's Son, The


Inventive
Marquis, An
Labor

of York

iV. Toumeur

"

and

446

Lancaster

285

414

Apple

798

Sailors'

381

Shamrocks

285

Shillelagh, The__
Spring in the Desert, A
Squirrels
of_
States,Nicknames
St. Augustine, Florida

350

637

St. Elmo's

157

30

Sacrament

734
94
190

702

of Love, A
318
190
Lawrence, Sir Thomas
318
L'Epee, Abbe de
573
Legends of Sailors
537
Legouve, A Story of
318
Lent, The Meaning of
Lil'lady Mary T. Waggaman
26, 59,
90, 123, 154, 186, 219, 250,
281, 315, 346, 378, 411, '443,
475, 506, 538, 569, 601, 634,
_794
667, 699, 730, 763,
189
Lincoln, Abraham
Little AflFair with Figures, A
606
Little Brother
of the Woods, A
158
"

Roses

Royal Deed,

"

638

of the Blessed

Moon

Candles

Queer

541

,The Piety of

China

In Honor
In

Revolution,

Gardner

Hofer, Andreas
How
the City
How

Farmer

286

Hale, Nathan
Hero

the

Harriette

Wilbur
Fountain

350
and

St.

Legends

573

62

158
286

Fire
of Lincoln

Hugh

253
254

St. Kenelm
St. William

253

of Norwich

285

Thistles

670

Timepieces
To

be

Read

Either

798

Way

574

Trapping Wild Animals


Trees, Big California
Twelve
Apostles,The
Under

Three

Unique

Flag,

Worcester, The
Wrens

510

478
637

Flags

186

Marquis of

702
_

478
-.

INDEX

t"""

POETRY

A.

B.

of

Schoolboys'

Qualities"

X^. Y.

Z._186

of

Legend
Little

Conqueror,

The

Dancing

Beck

E.

"

Trees

281

Livingstone

Rosamond

"

McNaught
Bramble

Each

A". H

its Thorn"

Gladness

Easter

S.

"

Marr

the

Feast

of

Statue

Paul

"

A"

of

Paul
the

Peyton

Blessed

443

Vir-

Peyton

Mary's

Garden

E.

Monk's

Friends,

The"

794

My

Rosary

Beads"

250

My

Vision"

M.

59

M.

506
Willis

Hope

Lowrence

730

:__154

Minot

Holmes

26

475

Annunciation

the

Passion,

to

gin, A

Our
For

the

Boy

Flowers

Lady's

Elizabeth

"

Merry-

Cecil

"

weather

Play
Heart

In

of

of

of

E.

the

S.

M.

the

Austin

f/wcZe

Year"

Family,

S.

"

Study

and

Denis

"

A.

McCarthy

90

699

569

Holy

the

of

The"

Beck

E.

Key-Dates

Legend

Saviour,

Our

May"

Legend

634

378

Page

123

219

Marr

Robin,

The"

PauZ

Crowley

Mary

Song,

A"

Three

Musicians

M.

Redmond

Arthur

"

346

__664

Wallace

Peach

411

"

The

Edelweiss,

"

Gertrude
763

Heath

To

Saint

To

St.

George
Joseph"

P.

"

George

537
R.

315

Frost

ILLUSTRATIONS
Holy

Night

at

Heinrich

Bethlehem

The

Hof-

Resurrection

Madonna

of

the

The

Holy

The

Second
School

"

Raphael

Tapestries

449

"

mann

Family"
Station

CarZ
of

129

Muller
the

Cross

"

lery,
Uffizi Gal-

"

Florence
The

Beuron

"Magnificat"

Friend

of

545
Children

"

H.

Hofmann

257

4.

705

HOLY

NIGHT

( Heinrich

AT

BETHLEHEM.
Hof

mann

HENCEFORTH

ALL

GENERATIONS

SKALL

ME

CALL

ST.

BLESSEOc

LUKE.

4a

I.
.

VOL.

XV.

(New

Series.)

[Published

In

NOTRE

DAME,

(Copyright,

Saturday.

every

INDIANA.

1922

Rev.

D.

them

"jfN

dulci

Blessing

Child

our

gremio,
Alpha

make

who

Thou

Trahe

Our

all gladness,
te, trahe

claritas, 0
had

been

tel

post

lenitas,

Tuatris

long

gloriae!

pnnceps

me

wrought

and

played

like august

symbols

Thee

there

ferent

.^ought coelorum

was

gaudia.

Ubi

sunt

We

raise

And

in

gleeful voices,

our

in

cantica.

nova

the

on

straw,

Christ

"

kinds

three
them

Jesus

on

straw!

and

Legend

In

History.

of

have

G.

strongly
than

Men
unnamed
the

offered

Christ-Child,

and

returned

be

quietly
again

never

spoken

to

of in the

Star-led, they
they

departed.

to

Kings,"

some

in

cradle

the

sacred

ovm
or

still

Translation
popular

of
in

its

very

native

the
mark

to

three

"the

the

from

races

three

sons

needs

must

brov/n

; one,

or

Ethiop.

black

even

to

out

old

German

tongue.-

have

must

the

Christmas

Magi,

sight

of

mountain

of

they

Star

been

altars,

tion,
tradi-

Armenian

was

all

from

the

of

one

that

of

one

Ai^menian

of

first

got

their

the

Armenian

Ararat.

early Christian

hymn

have

least,

at

the

for

maintains

that

Three

the

at three

old

An

of

Epiphany-Tide,

at

Rome,

Negro

ministrants.

birth, and

of

"]\Iass

at

in

date, did survive)

which,^ said

however,

warned,

darknes3

survives

idea

this

of

recent

Peter's

St.

try,
coun-

narrative.
dream-

came;

of

there,"

gifts

appear,

The

Wise

In
*

Gospel

from

seemed

third,

the

picturesque

the

nation
imagi-

their

to

(or, until

the

from

came

land

Eastern

(a number
in the

white-skinned

and

reminiscence

of the

to

that

who

appeal

Stories

Scriptural

more

Their

HORT.

M.

EW

dif-^

color.

therefore,

them,

been

yellow;
BY

resents
rep-

of

as

Noah.

of

Magi

tradition

inferred

of

descended

of man,"

men.

three

gifts)

of

types

as

One
The

of

the

more

us

mere

mentioned

plausibly

but

to

Magi

they

that

different

number

course,

story,

awe

rejoices, regis in curia.

harp
lies

not, of

held

where

Here

gaudia?

every

Christ

gratia!

gratia, quanta

Quanta

and

race

supposed

than

in

part

seem

the

of

each

through

and

allegory

them

favorite

well-known

crirnina
When

large

so

sometimes

sacred

concerning

legends

many.

surrounds

and

themselves

nostra

per

been

stately figures of the Magi

the

symbolism

have

optime,

puer

slay;

ture,
conjec-

only

folklore

of

halo

fate.

future

can

have

conjectures

conjecture

only
their

we

swallow

to

seems
can

because

C.]

and

history

envelops
glances

your

sadness,

post

doom

again.

We

just

matris

01

et

es

heart

my
my

art
me

patris

O, Alpha

S.

they

past

But

C.

Hudson,

emerged

broad

parvulCf

Cheerful

jjraesepio,
in

"

et

es

now

their

throw

sunshine

bright

the

as

Jesu

Divine,

in

jiibilo,gladly

Shining

your

voices

E.

NO.

1922.

7.

which

JubiIo!*35H^

Dulci

JANUARY

times,

it

generally supposed

seems

that

to

the

AVE

THE

Magi

Persia,and that they

from

came

belonged

MARIA
themselves

to

symbolism, remain

very

real personages.
what
Magians
They show a someMedes
humanness
of high or royal rank, who, at
in
the
quaint
phal
Apocrythe fall of Media, lost all political
"Gospel of the Nativity," which
tells how, in return for tHeirgifts,the
and consequentlygave themselves
power
Blessed Mother
them
to the priesthood,to star-gazingand the
of the
one
gave
in which
she had
interpretationof dreams, which
put swaddling bands
of another sort into their hands.
wrapped the Divine Child; and how,
power
It is this 'belief,
when
they had borne it back to their
probably, that caused
land (in this case
the Magi to be spoken of in popular tradition own
represented as
as
kings; though no doubt the
Persia) and had found it inconsumable
in their sacred
fire,they henceforth
prophecy of Psalm Ixxi,10 "The Kings
enshrined
of the Arabians and of Saba shall bring
it as a pricelessrelic.
Another
gifts" ^had influence in the matter.
legend tells how the Child
Himself gave them a small box containA beautiful legend of the Eastern
ing
Church
tells how the Wise Men, in exa little stone, which
pectation
they, thinking
it to be of no value,on their way home,
of the promised Star, kept
cast into a well.
and
But at once
there
a long vigilon
lonelyhills,fasting
burst
forth from
the well a bright
praying, and looking continuallyto the
Eastern horizon,where at last they saw
supernatural light; and, in contrition
and unmistakable
a strange, new
nomenonand amazement, they rescued the sacred
phestar
whose
object and bore ithome, where itworked
a
rounded
surrays
miracles.
the figure of a young
Child, many
Of the symbolism of their own
holding in His hand a sceptre shaped
giftsit
the

to

class

of

"

"

"

"

like

cross.

We

note that in this legend the

may

number

of

tivelve.
Eastern

the

This

Magi
is

the

traditions about

is said

to

in

case

them.

'

be

most

It suggests

the desire to regard the star-guided


travellers as types of the twelve months
of the year

which
of

the

lead round
twelve

mas,
to Christ-

or
Signs
Zodiac, symbolism which would
strongly to converts from
very
The number
twelve,it need
be said, would also have great
"

of

the

appeal

is not necessary
to say much.
art and literature have made

Christian
all of

us

quite familiar with it:


The

gold was their tribute


frankincense, with

The
Was

for

to

King;

its odor

sweet,

the Priest,the

Paraclete;
The myrrh for the body's burying.
Not

SO

generally known

is the quaint

tradition of the identityof the gold with


the thirty pieces formerly paid by

Abraham
for the caves
of Macpelah;
and, later,to Judas the Traitor by the
Of course, this
signifi- priests at Jerusalem.
cance
for Jewish Christians ; especially, latter detail,unless we
meant
to
are
that what the Magi offered as
is inclined to think,after the Fall of
one
suppose
Jerusalem and the scatteringamong
gold was
the
merely silver, gold-coated,
nations.
The story of the Magi would
presses symbolism beyond the bounds of
have read like a prophecy of the homeMore
coming
reason.
plausibly, and with a
the myrrh is said to
of the Twelve Tribes, and their
tragic significance,
have
been the same
which was
ofl^ered
gathering together round the throne of
the Messiah.
in that
It should not be forgotten to Christ on the Cross, mixed
that the particularGospel, in which the
opiate wine which His lips refused.
written
for
Very beautiful also is the legend
story occurs, was
primarily
that "the three Kings, Caspar, BalJewish Christians.
But the Magi, however
thasar, and Melchior"
(to give them
they lend
ism.
pagan-

hardly

THE
their

usual

AVE

traditional

names) were,
respectively, old, middle-aged, and
youthful, representative of the three
which the Divine
periods of human
life,
Child comprehended in His own
ful
wondernature.
To Caspar the youth. He
appeared as a youth ; to Balthasar,as a
in his prime ; to Melchior the aged,
man

MARIA
My

younger

eyes

beheld!

Therefore,

once

more

Over

"

To

this weary
before

hear

But

to

way
my
I die.

return

steps have

to the

line of

passed,

more

generallyaccepted tradition. The converted


s
et
as
forth
Magi,
with
aforesaid,

natural zeal to convert


the heathen;
they died in heathen lands, the violent
as old and white-haired.
So each of them
deaths of martyrs; and
buried
were
saw
in a swift,clairvoyant
Him, first,
either in Arabia
or
Syria, where the
vision,that satisfied the needs of the
Helena found their bodies,and
Empress
gazer's own
period of life. When
they
carried them, together with other yet
to
approached
worship Him, they beheld
sacred
more
treasure-trove, to the
only a Child in His Mother's arms.
ancient city of Constantinople.
Devout imagination follows "the starLater, as an honor to Eustorgius,
led wizards"
to their journey's end
of Milan, the relics were
lated
transBishop
and beyond it,to their last journey of
to Milan ; and again, in A. D. 1162,
all. When
they returned home, we are
when the Emperor Barbarossa
besieged
wise
told, they became
men
indeed;
and captured Milan, they were
brought
abandoned
the
honor
and
worldly
in triumph to their final resting place,
wealth
that were
now
as
nought to
in that city on the Rhine from which
lent
excelthem, who had glimpsed the more
their popular Mediaeval
they borrowed
and
lived in poverty and
way;
"The Three Kings of Cologne."
title,
lowliness till,after the death of Our
The
beautiful
thirtee"th-century
Lord and the dispersion of the Eleven,
choir of Cologne Cathedral
built
was
they also heard the Apostolic preaching,
primarily to enshrine the relics. Here,
were
baptized,and went themselves
in a chapel behind the high altar,in a
missionaries to spread the Faith.
as
ments
jewelled
shrine, whose
costly adornThe
ascribes
their
legend that
reminiscent
of their own
are
is notable,
baptism to St. Thomas
costlygifts,the dust of those devout pilgrims
because St. Thomas'
ministry has, from
itself became
of devout
a
goal
very early times, been associated with
pilgrimage. These seekers after God
India ; and more
than one
legend represents
themselves
were
sought after as appointed
the
Hindu
Magi, as
seers,
channels of God's grace.
learned in the law of the Buddha, and
Among the Mediaeval pilgrims'signs
himself had
seeking always, as Buddha
or
badges which, as most of us know,
taught them, for light and more
light.
in the pilgrim's hat, or
were
worn
This
is the idea that Sir Edwin
proudly hoarded as proof of pilgrimages
Arnold elaborated in his "Light of the
was
a
accomplished,
star-shaped one,
World."
of that poem
Readers
will
that the owner
had visited
signifying
remember
how
it shows
the last survivor
"The Three Holy Kings." At Cologne
of the Wise Men, coming in his
could also be purchased rings inscribed
old age to Palestine,and to the house of
with the three traditional names
of the
Miriam
of Magdala, whom
he prays
to
and regarded as talismans which
Magi,
recount
to him
in detail the life-story
"

"

would

of the divine Master:

By eight hard
In

Yet
The

moons,

from

Indus

to this sea,

quest of it, last quest of waning life


had I will unquenchable to learn

settingof that

Star

of

Men,

whose

....

rise

preserv^e

epilepsy. The

the

from

wearer

virtue of these

was

creased
in-

placed, before
they were
wearing, on the shrine itself.The namer.
of the Three
Holy Kings are also of
if

AVE

THE

frequent

Mediseval

in

occurrence

To their intercession

charms.

MARIA

Basil Kirby.

cribed
as-

were

miracles of healing and


many
deliverance from dangers.

them

natural

the

travellers and to

as

for

Middle

often

Ages

their hospitabledoors the

displayed

over

Holy
significantsign of the "Three
Kings of Cologne"; so completely had
these strangers from
been
and

the unnamed

East

Christendom,
adopted by Western
given, in European cities,"a local

habitation

and

name."

We

would

not

willinglyresign this inherited treasury


the quaint
of tradition. We
love even
Mediaeval

cult which

serves

to show

hov/

cruel

Kirby. He

was

and

envelopes

of

providefor their wants

of the

inns

seemed

and

saints

patron

the road.
The

Millionaire.

own

well
as
protectorsof all travellers,
to care
those whose
duty it was

on

PARAISO.

Pauper

-The

experience of long travel


Eastern
to
tradition,they
(according
followed the Star for two years) made
Their

VALENTINE

BY

to

Basil

sitive;
senartistic,
those
oblong

the

on

breakfast

table

conscious

of culture,genius, an

dainty

all bills. He

were

was

honesty
diamond, and yet

strong and pure as a


vulgar clods worried him for money.
He was
and he had
nearly a millionaire,
to dodge the grip of the bankruptcy
court.

If he had

believed in the

ance
guid-

of human

affairs by any higher


Power, he would have revolted against
Providence.

But he believed in nothing

but Basil Kirby; and


brilliant

his belief in that

consoling and

personalitywas

profound. He had
abstracting himself

man's

from

of

power

the tiresome

details of life by plunging into art,


honored and
was
greatly their memory
literature,and invention-. Still,one's
their example prized.
enjoyment of the Beautiful could not
when
all
is
find
we
said,
But,
may
ward
off the stingsof those dailybills
something more
expressive still in the
breakfast table.
the
on
silence of the sacred
story, in the
Basil Kirby lived close to Piccadilly.
artistic reserve
of the Evangelist'sdismissal
is aware
Everyone who^knows London
sunt in regionem suam.
: Reversi
Half-Moon
Street
is
that
a
perfectly
into
their own
try.")
coun("They departed
straight, narrow
street,of high rank
Like all those whose
have
eyes
and fashion in the region called MayGod's salvation,they
sought and seen
the world-famed
fair, not far from
mu?-t surely have departed in peace, and
church
of
Farm
Street. Kirbjr^s
Jesuit
into the light of life eternal which
is
the

portion of the saints, whether


known
or
unkno\vn, famous or obscure,
remembered
or
forgotten.

house

uncle had

is the fault of almost

varieties of lives.

numberless

Nearly

in

Half-Moon

and

as

comfortable
he had

taste.

Street.

left it to him, and

heavy mortgage
very

time

Wasting

was

well.
nest

left him

But

for

His

it

was

a
a

bachelor,

arranged it with fastidious

There

was

carved

screen

(which he called a niusharabiah) in the


every
and Oriental lamps jewelledwith
time. Idling,dawdling, frittering,
hall,
siping,
gosrich
color. The polished staircase of
dreaming, procrastinating,playing
the littlehouse was
with our
work, trivial activity,
; yet it
very narrow
had its twisted Queen- Anne
these are
of the common
only some
balusters,
forms of wasting time. Yet wasted time
its wealth of old china against whiteis a vengeful thing, and stingsterribly panelledwalls,and its gem of a stained
at the last. Faber.
window designed by Kirby himself. His
has his

man

owti

way

of v/asting

"

"

THE

AVE

in the perfecting
greatest interest was
of colored glass.
There was
a good deal of white panelling
about

the littlehouse.

the

where

The

room

breakfasted

MARIA
The

fourth

letter

was

It related to
three years

money

more

an

advance

when

ago,

the experiments that

consider
in-

even

he began

to make

were

of

him

and when he decided that


millionaire,
adorned with a few of his own
it
to beautify
was
absolutelynecessary
crayon
and
in contrast
with
the
the old house at Patchley. The furniture,
sketches;
walls there was
fine old
with everything the littleLondon
some
creamy
furniture surviving,^without
Sheraton
house contained, was
given as security.
crack or scratch.
windows
The two
The written reminder jogged poor Basil
ceased to be commonplace, hung as they
Kirby down right onto the bedrock of
with
silken curtains, carefully business and facts. Why, he had not a
were
safe claim to the house, or the table at
chosen, of the tender green of a young
and
the
Half-Moon
Street
which
he sat!
He
was
apple leaf;
entangled in
if his
cars
glided by outside, seen
dimly poverty, as poor as any pauper
and
debts were
through a film of French
paid ; while London was full
gauze
wood
fire was
of a coarse,
lace. The
brainless crowd
making
on. a tiled
smoke
and
the
blue
faster
than
could
handle
went
it!
hearth,
they
up
money
behind a copper
hood.
The first sunshine
Exasperating ! If only he could get away
for one
onshire,
of Spring came
in warmly, obscuring
week, and forget London, Devthe flames, and almost putting
stained glass everjrthing! He
needed
bit his dry lip and sipped his coffee.
out the fire that no
one
on
so
Then he tore up all the bills and flung
gloriousa day. It made Kirby think of
of Engalmost as
Devonshire, the sunniest corner
land, them into the fire. It was
the wayside walls
where
even
good as paying them.
covered with flowers,and fuchsias
Two square
were
envelopes remained to be
were
on
opened. These would be better. Why,
huge bushes, and the hot air
owner

was

"

scented with

was

had

house

country

snug

and thatch.

roses

down

He

there

His
had

faithful

servant

with

left him

Jenkins,

man,

minced

chicken

and

a newspaper
filled,
propped
against the silver coffeepot. After
thinkingof Patchley, he read the news

toast,a cup

in

brief

glanced

at

appetite. A
Another

from

was

How

did

he

summary,

his

and

then

he

and

lost

his

letters

tailor wanted

tradesman

sent

an

to be paid.
absurd

certain.

what

Nicholov

and

an

good

infernal

bad

back

was

from

day at

to call this very

meant

sia,
Rus-

o'clock.

two

impudence!"

his

"Hang
and

he

threw

the

said

Basil,

letter into the

fire

after the bills.


He
the

delivered at Patchley in Devonshire,"

to

includingat

what

Nicholov!
such

Every word might have been


something else. But the meaning was

A third
for mending the roof.
had drawn
bill
for
"pigments
up a long

wait tillhe made


These clods
money?
did not know the artistic temperament,
highlystrung,easilytortured.

fellow

to have

hand!

count
ac-

marine
a monstrous
charge "ultracontaining double quantity of
lapis lazuli according to order."
This
all very
was
jarring. Could they not

that

come

And

paper?

Patchley.

at

this

have

would
man

warned

told Jenkins

to refuse

instinct
admission, but some
him that it might not be Safe

make
\yas

of Nicholov.

enemy

an

to be

One

done?

And

could not

all day to avoid


lov
Nichoto borrov/.

stay out of the house


a

fellow v.'howanted
stuck

to

one

like

burr.

lie

was

up

hours, walking
sit
and do^^ii outside ; he miglit even

on

the step.

capable of waiting

for

THE
Basil Kirby turned to the
His

letter.
'

"

was

written from

from

was

Cavaletti.

It

hotel in

well-known

There

de Rivoli,Paris.

mention

was

of

The

Old

an

]\Iaster

here," the Countess wrote.


"There
is a real Holbein sellingfor a
in a shop down a back entry near
song,
the Palais Royal. I heard two students
talking English, saying it was
just as
Sir
good as
Somebody Something in the
National Gallery. I believe one of them
was
a
Papist,for he began about Sir
Thomas
Something that had his head
cut off in Old Harry's time ; and he said
over

"Sir Thomas
a

more

was

martyr

Holbein, T can't tell you

that reminds

me

or

which.

of the convent

and

is

dream.
Take

over.

that

once

was

I wonder

pity
young,

on

and

if

we

another

taxi

to wait in the hall.

one

with
scarlet
ablaze
parterres
below, the
flowers, the vivid green

the

gold of the sunlight above.

warm

And

come

with

was

counted

he sighed and

was

this horrid
huddled

even

man

far

as

His

yards from

it

own

It
now

door.

bundle

defilingthe

was

jerked to

car

his

to

waiting for him,

and

smell of absinthe

felt that

Kirby
world.

was

old clothes,and
a

if

Dover.

as

the hall chair like

on

He

genuine, nothing

were

cruel state of things; and

tobacco.

o'clock

been

never

blocked by
he thought of Paris in the new
traffic,
sunshine, the long vista over the Tuilede
white
Arc
ries
Gardens, the
the
clear
in
Triomphe looking so near
air,the statues and sparkling fountains,

old

"

call at two

Street.

Half-Moon

to

addition had

took

for travel

shepherd piping as they do on the


Watteau
fans, I will foot it with you on
The
the green."
letter was
signed
Eugenie Cavaletti.
Basil Kirby laughed. "Just liko the
Countess.
The old girlis not.half bad.
She must have been a gay spark in her
day." He rang and told Jenkins he
would not be home
to lunch, and the
would

He

been!

"

of his strong points.


his car
But when
was

is the

meet

it had

cheap lunch

pay

who

my

keep the chauffpurfrom cheating


We
shall hunt for pictures in all
the towns we
go through. And
really
I am
only joking about getting old,for
I feel younger
day. So come
to
every
and

over

Holbein

me.

the v/oods away;

taxi

lunch, he found with sudden alarm that


it was
long past two o'clock. But what

of greasy
air with

an

rant
restau-

Lingering

money.

save

Then

there in

went

art

an

on.

the

and

man

to

"

to

just to look
cheap French

had

"

woman

he thought of a
in Soho, and

went

But

"

mimosa

"

late in getting

was

He

his money.
nothing to speculate with even

more

schoolgirlniece. And I am
going to
to
down
to the
motor
Mentone, right
lovely Riviera. Think of it,and come
You
inside a
never
along do!
v/ere
last dollar; and
convent, I'll bet my
Mentone

at Christie's

Compound

for sale.
"Come

that day.

back

placidly sale

lady had
covered two sheets with large,dashing
writing, three livelywords to the line.
the Rue

As it happened,Kirby

ing
remain-

one

plexed wrinkles. He smiled


amused, indulgent smile. This

frisky old Countess

MARIA

lost its per-

forehead

the

AVE

stale
odious

an

stop,

He

'

some

stepped

had been blocked by a


out. The way
which
was
magnificent motor
car,
of
standing opposite his house. It was
a
conspicuous primrose yellow, with
something like a coronet on the panel.
seated at the wheel
A lad in liverywas
with head

Now,
let his
down

it

erect and
was

London

folded

arms.

Basil Kirby's custom to


he went
house
when

to Devonshire.

Desirable

tenants

hired everything,including Jenkins


and
Jenkins
Mrs.
servant
man,

the

cook.

the f

And

the

grand yellow
think

the

car,

he

moment

Kirby

coming

of

was

saw

the

shcckedto

Nicholov

had

THE

AVE

MARIA

clashed with the visit of.wealthy people

money

by the estate agent. The sight of


that disreputable object in the hall
would discourage any one from renting

gentleman

sent

stretched

table.

rose

to

thin

sleek

little

him, and
flashing with

greet

hand

have

come

to

thank

you

and

to

give it back," he said. "You will find


if
five per cent interest, reckoned
in tones
as
amazement
and'awe:
in that, the whole sum
"He came
was
kindly lent to me at
sir. I didn't well know
the beginning. I hope five per cent is
what to do with
him.
He said there was
sort of apa
good enough?"
pointment,
to shov/ him
to
and I was
Not a paper
appeared to have been
till you
where
he might smoke
stirred. Basil Kirby's heart smote him
a room
with self-reproach.
came
in, sir; so, being wholly exI hope I didn't do v/rong,
tonished
I
Before him was
a
slight,keen-faced
I
showed
him upstairs."
with hair of an
ashen
fairness
sir,
man,
"To my
that might have been turning grey. The
study?" gasped Kirby. "Is
it Nicholov?"
fur-lined coat had been kept on, perhaps
Nicholov
"It's Mr.
right enough, for effect, for on such a day it must
sir, him as you was not at home to last have been a discomfort; and the goldBut I hardly knew
him; he's all rimmed
glasses gave a certain dignity
year.
to sharp and shifty eyes.
done up in furs and gold glasses. I'm
with amazement;
that much
Kirby stammered
sir, but I was
very
sorry,
extonished
and tliat's his car."
he hardly knew
what
he was
doing.
Basil Kirby gave a suppressed groan.
For the first time in his life he had
He felt furious.
But it v."as a point of
shaken hands v/ith Nicholov.
honor with him to be considerate to the
Their
first acquaintance had
been
that served him, and poor Jenkins
man
before, in the students'
many
years
had no
sian
Rusidea what
harm
he had done.
quarter of Paris, where the young
All the patent specifications,
all the
cleaned the studios and lightedthe
stainedwood fires. It was
discovered then that
drawings and plans for the new
Nicholov
sketches
glass process, were
spread out up there
was
making crayon
in the
the desk, or close at hand
of the
of diabolical cleverness ; and some
on
Jacobean
disastrous.
oak chest. It was
students for a joke sent them
up with
That reptileknew
had
read
their
work
for
own
everything,
exhibition, and
work
found
that
their
was
own
everything.
To Basil Kirby's mind, Nicholov was
rejected and Nicholov's wild sketches
who might
wouW
have
a lower sort of being, a man
were
hung. The young men
be dishonest under
him
such
need.
made
comrade
of
and
a
taught
pressure
^of
The fellow was
and
in
drifted
but
he
a
clever,too,
stealthy, a genius,
away,
^the
fiend
cleverness
of
v.-ent down, down, .down ; idle,ragged,
impish way,
a
in a Mediseval story. From
his own
drinking absinthe, borrowing a few
he
Sometimes
francs
here and there.
height of principle and culture,Kirby
loathed him
freak of nature, a
as
a
disappeared, and was
supposed to have
mind with no law, a gutter genius. And
into the secret service in Russia;
gone
this despicableNicholov had got hold of
and he arrived again, borrowing, and
all the details of the glass process.
sinking lower and lower.
Then
Fuming with rage, Kirby rushed upKirby lived in London, giving
stairs
and sprang
The
into the room.
up pencil and palette to be art critic,
first thing he saw
was
a small heap of
connoisseur, inventor; and at long inJenkins

held the door open, and spoke


of apologj'',
vrith a hint of

"

"

"

"

"

"

the

diamonds.
"I

the house.

on

"

"

AVE

THE
tei*vals Nicliolov

arrived

with

of

the

odors

tobacco, and
sent

clothes, stale

Kirby had

absinthe.
him

to see

begging letter wanting

to

money

go
was

"And

now

the amount

Jenkins

talked

the two

hour.

It

for

"You

what

Basil

an

o'clock when

in the basement

the world

was

would

ing
com-

nearly
to; and Mrs. Jenkins was
with
sulted,
curiosity. They conprostrate
and

decided

the

upon

Crown

Derby china, iced cake, and fairy rolls


of bread

such

regarded

as,

as

accustomed

was

doubt,the

no

sillycrumbs.

slices schoolboys call


he had made
from

his pocket with

The
when

master

Nicholov

and
"doorsteps,'^

meal

many

in the thick

bread

to

crusts

lump of cheese.

himself

of two

downstairs

came

out. The

primroseyellow car
nearly filled the street in
turning, and a delicate hand with a
flash of

went

diamonds

waved

farewell

Jenkins

had

he

never

darted

from

just

came

that I
you

the pantry
the door.

of the hall,to open


closed it the master

was

am

what

Jenkins

so

anybody
the

to

farther ; and had


in that state of mind, there

have

been

no

far different tale to

Countess

go her way.

The
Years

the lure.

was

Dutch

bought

"students'

frisky old
bein
reputed Holhe had

ago

for

a
twenty
picture
pounds and sold it for two thousand.
Never again had he been able to repeat
the magic. Still it might happen. And
if the picture going "for a song" was
reallya Holbein, he would make money
enough to snap his fingersat the world

while

the

stained-glassprocess

turning into
As

for

was

fortune.

the

journey to the Riviera,


flightyCountess

he cared nothing. The

at the end

As

but you can


tell
gone to Paris."
to go
Kirby meant
no;

seeing again the Bohemian


quarter," and letting the

to

Basil Kirby.

again,

to enjoy
tell. His present purpose
was
a
change, lingeringabout Paris, and

visitor

In truth, he

calls

out,--that'sall."
leaving any address,

am

capital,and

French

to ask:

Nicholov

not

are

he remained

the bell rang


for tea.
By that time Jenkins
did not know

than

more

after four

was

Chewson's

say?"
I

"Tell him

his
sir."
on
table, and sparkling diamonds
his
left
of
and
in
a
cigar
"Well,
right hand,
The study door closed, else I am
exquisitearoma.
and

that

one

any

and

ventured

if Mr.

shall I

what

to

card," Kirby said at the last.


Then

fine gentleman, with


of all the debts lafd on the

well, here

house

Debenham

with

to obtain
"

the

"Show
comes

he

And

Russia.

to

fused
re-

when

ago,

year

door,

the

at

old

MARIA

surprised in

down

to

going

away

said:

find her way


very well
niece
no
schoolgirl
was

The

attraction; but
"Romish

Jenkins,

awakened

convent"

the

thought

in the

seemed

him

to

of

south

sunny

romantic

some

I'lltell Religion
to-night.

to pack for me."

curiosity.

unpractical;

glimpses of
beautiful,
mysticism that were
positively
for admitting
their momentary
attraction had

slightly bowed.

relief not to be blamed

by

could

herself.

life. I

my

tell you,

"I

Cavaletti

and

It

the strange visitor. But why


Kirby in this beaming humor?

was

was

if he had

across

come

]\Ir. been

Well,
the master was
always quick making up
his mind.
So the man
packed quietly
and deferentially,
asking no questions.
Light suits were
put in, the thinnest
and
dust-coat, motoring
grey
cap
goggles.

met

with

sion in his soul.

sort

He

of counter
did not

aver-

want

t6

about religion. If
anything more
he desired mystical beauty, he thought,
there was
the Greek mythology. So he
know

the walls of

did not want

to go within

the

Mentone, and he
bored
by a "breadbeing

convent

shrank

from

near

THE

AVE

and-b utter schoolgirl." So littledo

MARIA

v/e

guess

And

yet when

he crossed

New

to France,

made
him
playful old Countess
Eugenie Cavaletti
change his mind.
had had a long life'spracticein getting
her way.
First they saw
the reputed
Holbein.
"That is not an Old Master,"
from
the
Kirby said, turning away

M"^i"

window.

"^"^-^^^

the

"It is

"Oh, how
"And

New

Fraud."

clever you
dear

she said.

are!"

Mr.

Basil, I

implore
pity on me ! And you must
have some
pleasure, too, after coming
fraud.
to that wicked
all this way
(I
suspected all the time^itv/as too cheap
to be any good.) I want
you to go with
now,

to take

you

to Sant' Isolda.

'me

talk to

to

the

easily cheated

man

useful

so

and

You
am.

; I couldn't look at

maps

is

chauffeurs

at the hotels.

rogues

how

one

excellent

Countess

save

was

to go.

gay

company

all

sunrise.
war,

with

one's

hand,

to

have

from

road to the convent


(To

should

be

He

and

was

the
thing
any-

in triumph.

they made

the city,up

the
a

hill

of Sant' Isolda.
continued.)

be the true

been

been here ;

to hear

eyes,

see

at first

right to speak of
not^war, however, but

It is

to-day. The
the trenches
interview

can

it is

the

earn

Ireland.
truce

in sight

And

imperative to

become

own

are

if it had

Even
would

we

the desire had

trains
have

all

are

ning:
run-

been filled.One

have suflfered,

those who

talk with the soldiers of the I. R. A., ask

lived.

We

my

France, and

across

blazing afternoon

final excursion

What

two years we
r^XSa FTER
of
Ireland
again.
|o^

hear the tale of tragedy from

can

whose

women

shot

nearest

the

in

the

mother

barrack

meaning of

whose

her

head

tell where

her

over

whose

Mentone

last reached
a

I.

and

I iiate

agreed
travellingguide, and

They motored
On

C.

K.

And

but venerable.

at

BY

dearest

and

yard, while

prayed outside the wall.

smiled, and

He

Series.

who
have gone
impressions from men
through the hunger-strike for weeks

somewhere."

an

of Ireland.

can't think

to

all the

find
life. So do come,
I shall never
or
]\Ientone; I shall get to Constantinople
or

Views

Vignettes and

the future !

husband

house

because

"

We

see

burned

would

not

the wife

and

were,

sons

they

can

was

she

were

killed by "the forces

was

warrant
or
Crown," without
of
her
despairing
spite
struggle, ^two littlehands against four
wrists and two revolvers.
Now, in the
truce,reprisalcan not follow upon the

of

the

trial, in
"

statement

of the truth.

brings

round

us

to

The

ruined

man

homes

who
will

forfeit his liberty. We can


gather facts and write notes without
the family may
gather into one; within
captured
danger of having our papers
its walls love should find a dwelling- in a search, and carried off among
a
there
and
Tans.
and
children
should
Black
place;
parents
lorry-loadof loot by
So there is Ireland again, Ireland
fullyshare their joys and confidences;
there the great work of training human
unshaken
that has remained
as those
as
home?

It should be the centre

not himself

where

"

beingsfor the duties of the present life

mountains

and

the

the

perfection of another should


be begun and carried on.
If not there,
where?
These are
the true ends of a
human

dwelling. This

is home.
"

C harming

that look towards

heaven

in

early day, beautiful with every


distant grey
shade
of amethyst and

that fades to pearl. Look at the famous


Sugar Loaf over there, clear-cut against
the sky among

the heights of Wicklow.

AVE

THE
landed

on

the 12th of August,

"

drank

his

own

all the wine

MARIA

11

bishops waited

him, but received no


at that
people, who
time paid tithes for the upkeep of the
denied
empty .Statechurches ; they were
the rights of free citizens,
and allowed
relief for

on

iheir

birthday. They
then
the steamboat, and
plied
apto the whiskey punch tillhe could
hardly stand." It w^as during his visit
was
that his unhappy
buried, no voice in Parliament because of their
queen
with a public procession to demonstrate
religion.
Is it
It was
the bitter disappointment of
the outraged feeling of London.
to
the
wonder
that
Ireland
is
useless visit that fired O'Con-^
going
King's
any
nell to work out a new
of Kingstown ?
have done with the name
plan ; and in the
sion
Mansecond
The Round
Room
at the Dublin
after,he began his Catholic
year
Association
built speciallyfor the
with three members, and
House
was
He received
carried it on tillhe triumplred twice at
reception of George IV.
the Clare election,
the Dublin Castle
and broke down
adulation there from
the
admirers.
barrier
and
toadies
of
the
and their
anti-Catholic oath, and
crowd
lic
Catho"They pawed and clawed him all over," forced his way into Parliament.
Emancipation in those days must
says with disgustthe letter-writer from
have seemed as unthinkable to the Prothave already quoted. It was
whom
estant
we
the
of
mind
of
the day of the worship
titles,
England as does the
on

board

zenith

of

landlordism.

so-called

The

aristocracy, planted and fostered by


England, aped everything English. To
be

genuinely Irish

was

to

be

despised

by the leaders of fashion. Outside the


ground of the island,everything Irish
was

butt for ridicule. One

burns

with

idea

of

average

free

the dark hour


Round

Ireland

Englishman.
Room

now

It

was

the

before the dawn, that the


at the Mansion
House was

built for English royalty.


The realityof the national

smouldering

to

then, in

on

since

cause

was

den
Ninety-Eight,hid-

in the hearts of the people. Tom


indignation at the recollection of such
had warbled
Moore
his way
into London
times.
It is only in our
own
days that
the nation has risen in its strength,
society with sentimental melodies,
dains.
startled England out of the age-long which the Ireland of to-day mostly disforw^ard
stood
and
attitude of contempt,
Strong, facing practicalfacts,
with, a
self-reliant,justifying her claim to
as
a
people to be reckoned
and defending her national exin the world.
Power
istence
govern,
with the generous
blood of tlie
The visit of George IV. to Dublin was
best of her sons, Ireland now
has no
dire disappointment to the Catholics
a
at that time an
strel
of Ireland. Dublin was
place for such unrealities as "The MinSend Round
the
Boy" and "Come
Orange stronghold,perhaps through the
estantism.
Bowl."
We have gone
forward
attraction of the Castle and its Prota long
in
since those days.
The whole country was
way
And now
the Round
Room, that was
abject poverty, going down the groove
and the
built for the King, is packed full,floor
that led to the great famine
and gallery,for the meeting of the Dail
fever,and the depopulation of the land
pendent
indeof an
Dublin
and
allthe
cities
Eireann, the Parliament
by emigration.
had swarms
Ireland. They have been asked
of beggars and labyrinths
of reeking poverty, that would
have
to negotiateby England. Their claim is
not free and
shocked the royal visitor if he had the
that Ireland shall be free
ness
but free and a friend. Nearheart to look beyond his flatterers or
an
enemy,
the
to listen to what
not
make
does
to
right
was
own,
going on beyond
the roar
but it does make the right to be united
The
Catholic
of the street.
"

THE

12

AVE

MARIA

its table for the Lord Mayor, the


interests. Their claim is
not
shall
be
and
Ireland
is one,
Speaker, and specialguests, including a
also that
of Parnell.
"red hand"
The
mutilated. The world knows the negotiations. brother
in

common

England
advanced

already admitted," the

had

the World
The

into

thing about the

remarkable

the most

"

tion
negotia-

.thing in the whole

remarkable
was

history of the

The
have

must

years

X)f the

absence

utter

the

spiritof .vengeance.
last two

ciple
prin-

very

branded

been

ing
meetdeep into every one of that mass
the
of
Parliament,
the deputies
"

the

and

men

audience

thronged as

who

women

from

an

Ireland

floor to roof. But

rejectedthe first offer,not because it


cere,
was
English but because it was insin-

her

Ireland,with

serfdom.

to ensure

with

freedom

giving nominal
bonds

great heart, thought only of the

people,and not of

of her

freedom

front

dais

of the

large part of the

covered
floor space was
seats for the members

Wiu*.

most

the escutcheon

on

with

circles of

of the

ment
Parlia-

of Ireland.

session of the Dail Eireann

"

England

lured,America

she

for which

historywas

that hung above; for the present Lord


O'Neill.
In
logically Mayor of Dublin is an

principlewhich

in

famous

ism,
force, militar-

Ireland

her side; and

on

hind

how

also knows

world

The

in the offer had

There

hatred

no

was

An

vast

"

wonderful

to think

how

of those

many

had

spent long periods in prison.


released as a condition
Thirty-nine were
of negotiation, and the fortieth,
only a few hours before canie from a
men

condemned

by

celL A soldier of the I. R. A.,


everyone's testimony chivalrous and

honorable, Sean

MacKeon

had

been

captured in open fight,and the verdict


make
of
passed against him would

sentment.every
re-

in the

of cheering,an

sion
impresassembly rising and
coming!
leaning forward, ^they were
As that procession entered,led by De
Valera
with
a
rapid stride, it was
of

Here

If they

of the Irish nation.

outburst

soldier
he

on

the earth
amid

comes

murderer.

storm

of cheering,

fine specimen of

Young Ireland,
program
slovaks, strongly built and
like the Czechoto be treated
were
tall, with ruddy,
in
the Belgians, the Poles
good-humored, almost laughing face. He
saved by the stern threat of breaking
to be treated like anywas
body
fact,if they were
off negotiations. He is going to his
else in the world, ^theywere
quite
seat in the Dail, instead of having his
willing to wipe the hypocrisy and the
life ended by a volley in a barmad policyof the last two years off the
rack
young
slate. A great State and a small State,
bers
memyard. There are five women
terests,
inside by side, bound
of the Parliament of Ireland. There
by the same
"

"

"

that

Ireland's

was

future relations

"

even

view

of

after allI

statues of Irish patriotslooked


the
the walls all round
from

White
down

assembly, memorials
"

of

who

men

strove in their time, but did not


soldiers
day. Three wounded

see

I. R. A"

an

were
a

brought in from

black crowd

in

one

this

of the
bulance;
am-

part of

the gallerymarked

the specialplace occupied


by the families of^men who had

given their life for the cause.


platform or dais had a few

The

low

chairs be-

comes,

in

widow's

mourning,

Mrs.

Pearse ; and after her that slightfigure


in black with ivory-whiteface is young
Miceal
Mrs. O'Callaghan,of Limerick.
at
is to be seen
GollinB,the invisible,
last ; and Arthur Griflfith
is here, taking
again the intellectual and pacific
up
work

England stopped by hii


imprisonment,
which

"The roll-callis in Irish. The


names

of the northeast

in English, and

corner

Orange
are

read

greeted with ripples of


for
the Orange representalaughter;

THE
tives

AVE

obstinatelyabsent from

are

place

in

which

they

the

their

Parliament

great

one

to

held to be elected. After

are

the roll-callcame

said in Irish

prayer

priest. If all could not understand


the words, all followed its spirit,and
if with
as
one
right hand the whble
assembly appeared to make the Sign of
It was
in the Irish tongue
the Cross.
the oath of allegianceto the Dail was
read aloud, while the members
stood
with right hand raised. A great number
of them wear
the "faune," or ring. A
it as a necktie pin, and
can
man
wear
that
It signifies
as
a woman
a brooch.
the wearer"
is able to speak in Gaelic.
in turn went
to the
Every member
oath
the
to
his
table to sign
name
; and
the stewards sought in vain to suppress
applause as, one by one, the assembly
by

the

saw

had

who

men

liberty and

risked

MARIA

grip, the excitement, of his audience


he quoted extract after
rose; and when
vocating
extract
from the' Premier
himself, adof small nations,
the freedom
triumphant applause broke out at every
had
with
risen
tones
point. His
passionate fire, his ardor swept his
he declared:
hearers with him, when
stand

"We

for

granted
Worthy

as
men

"

tives.
high ideals and pure monot imagine the mere
men
politicianand the jobber among
to
forfeit
who
are
ready
liberty,-and

with

One

who

yet be called

may

of them

can

Griffith,Miceal Collins
"Cathal Bruga," did not receive so
or
ovation as did the fresh
an
irrepressible

Mansion

House

or

and

Arthur

the

on
a

His

MacKeown.

buoyant Sean

of the session had

eve

lease
re-

been
of

publictriumph for the ultimatum

the President.

tence
sen-

acknowledged that the I. R. A.


soldiers,not criminals.

were

Valera

De
of the

He

seats to the

dais, ^the
"

stood at
left

as

whom

man

one

most

few

by

seen

documents

read.

He

now:

soft and

qualitythat

voice

Premier's

to

calm

dinarily
extraor-

offer with

an

closed

comes

and

over

wall
of

overhung
the

gate.

of the morning, when


pouring out, the rain

the

sun

is shining.

The

young

penetrating. As

the logicof his argument

the end

side

men

mellow, but it had


was

each

the

farther in. About

us

he meant

was

at

of

dence
large resiflight of steps
a

cordon

with
began officially,

formality. The
clear

which

central

entrance, and

trees

the crowd
is

is but

Dawson

on

part

faced

from

Before

and

domestic

poured in

of

comer

figure of unusual
with
almost
ascetic face,
height,
a thin,
distinguishedby the power of extreme
There was
and again
earnestness.
now
the
a
glasses about
glistening on
thoughtfuleyes. His hands fingered a
have

the

with

one

holds a quiet,expectant throng.


the road, making half a
Halfway across
in
front of the Mansion
great oblong
cordon
of the I. R. A. has
House, a
kept guard all the time, with a second

spoke-first in Irish and

then in English.
the

reversal of the

The

with
to

any

"

has

Dublin

The

Valera

rain

Outside, the
on

De

upon

to forfeit life.

"

Street.

Even

nized
recog-

divine gift to his people.


surround
liament
him, a Par-

torrents

of Ireland.

mean,

fearless man,
look upon
as
a leader

thousands

whom

we

One

if necessary,
then the strong and

self,
him-

"

cause

"

and
principle,

to die for it."

thing
every-

for the

life itself

13

on

the

unanswerable

street

are

breast-knots

three hundred

there, in

of emerald

grey,

green

with

ribbon.

Side by side facing the road they stand,


with hands touching, and eyes looking

forward, bright with earnestness and


intelligence. "The boys," as they are
called,have on every face
affectionately
the mark
of a high inspirationand an
humble
faithfulness to duty. Their
officers,with golden-yellow knots of
the tv^^o
about between
ribbon, move
lines and

The

outside.

I. R-

A., who

have

been

marvel-

THE

14

MARIA

AVE

strategists,are also
and gentle of street
courteous
They are truly a force of

lous soldiers and


the most

guards.

Sister

Capistrano.

BY

which
Their

absolutelyunstained
we

WENT

one
day to visit a priest
friend,who was
chaplainin a
large hospital. It is a good

lives.

back

go

I.

leading

frequenters of the Sacraments,


As

O'Connell

across

Bridge, and the citybrightens,and the


the river with
sea-gulls circle over
white wings catching the sunshine, is
of Davis

wonder

in

like the
mind, ringing insistently

our

of

that the song

is

it any
words

prophecy?

while ago.
and
mind

God's

from

comes

right Hand,

needs a godly ti-ain;


shall make
righteous men
nation once
again.
(To be

land

our

continued.)

*nf/^Elay

in

bed

His

me:

you

afraid; for,
having been a teetotaller all my days,
I was
under the impression that I was,
therefore,safe from contagious disease.
And, though I do not look on itat present

Mary, His
"Thy will is

"Whate'er

of straw;

Were

Mother:
law.

my

hadst

it cradle

or

chosen.
throne,

Thy Mother, Thy handmaid


Her

will

"Hadst
In
Thou

is Thine

Thou

come

autumn

or

hast

And

come

Thou

"And

art

"

own.

spring,
in the winter.
King,
my

Or

cross

on
as

I'llstand
Then
She

bent
heard

"My

true

by

choosest:

Thee

the

Him

say

Mother

Mother

still."

Maiden

o'er her

this wert

God's

winter.
a
hill,

Thou

Mary

it

on

We

A double set of doors stood

went.

at the end

of

long corridor.

to

me

Taking

putting it into the

out his pass-key and

companion, turning, whispered

from

Scott

"

Thy handmaid;
Whate'er
is Thy will,
I'll choose as Thou
choosest.
And
stand by Thee still.

I choose

have

word

lock,my

in the summer,

am

it stable in

preventive,I

absolute

an

be

not

the
coming to the hospital is: "Was
patient given to drink?" "If so, in nine
out of ten," said my
friend, "the
cases
if
nine
But
out of ten
patientgoes.
not,
he pullsthrough."

manger.

Thou

I would

friend that the first


of my
asked
a fever case
concerning
question

c.

was

Said

"For

plice,
sur-

"Would

be afraid?"

you

I said

the

Domini.

FR.

BY

And

in the

and

coming to the Fever Hospital? Or

would

as

Ancilla

Ecce

"Be

said to

he

him

soutane

"

Freedom

And
And

I found

sacristy,in

'

For

o'k.

R.

be proud.
country would
rule is total abstinence; they are
any

Child,
soothly:
mild,

thou chosen

be,
nothing
But God's charity."
to

S'.nce wiliest thou

On

God

And

and

We

passed in :
walls,windows

them

row

others empty.
boy of eight

Lady call.

Our

on

enchanted

the

enter

hr.ll.

long apartment, yellow


one
side,and facing
of beds, some
tenanted,
a

on

On
or

one

bed

was

little
The

ten, sittingup.

bedclothes and his littlenightdresswere


of the humblest.

His head

shaven,
his
running down
childish face. A nun
was
sittingbeside
She
him, evidently comforting him.
and

tears

came

forward

towards

the

were

to meet
child.

us,

She

prime of life,but moved

dignityand
"Look

now,

was

and
was

drew

us

past the

with

simple

ease.

Father!"

littlePatsy,that you

said she.

anointed

two

"Poor

days

THE
wants

ago,

AVE

home; he won't wait

to go

tillhis hair has grown;


and you know
the bad boys outside would
what
be

callinghim."
She took the child's hand

and pushed

it against the grain of his stubby hair.


The poor
boy seemed startled at the

"feel";and, wiping his face with the


rolled-upcuff of his nightdress,he lay
back with an air of resignation.
"And, Father," continued the nun,
"you'll remember
Patsy at the
poor
altar;and you'llpray for him, that his
hair may
quick,for he'd like to see
grow

MARIA
in

and

often would

looked

me

been a solemn
look.
"No:

said I.

or

reverent

His

answer

or

an

struck
awe-

was:

Sister Capistrano has

been

an

Communion

how

see

was

ing.
she knelt for my blesscotter's son
a poor

born

not

came,

be home

"But I

tillafter

seeing

one

poor

receiving Holy

at three o'clock.
old habit.
an
fallinginto.

am

have had three bad habits: I have been


a

ceaseless reader, a poor thinker, and


bad listener. Now, the last is the
habit of the three.

I had

wished

about dear Sister Capistrano,


and here I am, like every egotist,
ging
drag-

to tell you

in myself. But indeed I


fast as I can.
as

ing
hasten-

am

"At the mission I speak of.Sister had


charge of the choir and the altar. She
and played delightfully;and to
sang
this day the convent
garden and the
flowers for the altar are entirelyin her
most
impressive to see
charge. It was

her
humble, edifying lay-Sisterof this convent
for the last quarter of a century. vases
Did you
And

not

midday. I remember
tottering old man

Mother?"

back in the

away

crowds

the parish,but from all the


countryside. They would get into the
simple old church through the windows,
at three o'clock in the morning, to
the confessionals;
secure
a
place near

worst

of answering, he stood and


in the face. It might have

away^

"

alone from

My friend,patting Patsy's cheek and


cheering him up, promised he would;
conversation with the
and, after some
about
the
other
run
patients in the
ward, we left.
Instead

parish,

our

fifties. Enormous

his mother,"

"Is that Reverend

15

go

the steps of the altar with the


littleMassof flowers. I was
a
up

server

at the

would

have

time, and her lightestnod


in joy to the ends
me

sent

her.
Oh, the goodness of the earth to serve
"The
of God!" he said,and a gush of tears
parish priest's house being
burst
from
his eyes.
father
lodged
small, two of the Fathers were
"My
I noticed one
lings at her home.
day that
ploughed her father's land at a few shiling
a week; and
little,she and the Fathers in charge were talkI, when I was
and that occasionally
herded the sheep for a few pence
confidentially,
a
direction.
looked in my
both of them
week; my
only comfort being a book
A Father
at school.
Next day I was
hidden inside my
littlejacket,that as
at her father's gate.

soon

as

I had

hastened

done

to read.

my

Oh,

childish task I
many

time

in.

came

We

were

at

up

in Euclid.

blackboard

in the midst

of

Our
We

her ride out her father's gate on a


lovelychestnut,with her three brothers !

was

And

angled trianglethe square


is equal to the sum

saw

when

she looked at

me

in my

poor

clothes,I was happy for the rest of the


day. She sat a horse well; and in her
dark riding habit she looked to my
eyes a queen." He paused for a
young
and

moment

It

was

then went

famous

the two
It

was

Under

never

us.

of the First.

sides.

The

met

that

his like.

we
we

day

class at the
old teacher
at the

were

In

right-

of the enuse
hypotof
of squares

Father

but play to us :
old teacher
our
From

on:

the time of the firstmission

47th

watched

us.

revelled in it.
could do anything.
to this I have

AVE

THE

16

evening the Father and Sister


to my
Capistrano came
poor mother's
house.
talking to her, and
They were
"That

after

I heard

while

say:
deed
in heaven, it would in-

to God

'Glory be

I have

no

to

means

study Latin, and


stitch of clothes

Look

him.

The

the altar!

on

them

home

to

myself
I

however,

corner,

Peeping round the


Sister Capissaw
trano

hid.

off and

made

and

meant,

was

the

scholarships. Ian

'Beside the Bonnie

pathetic sketch

II.

Presently the good priestresumed


narrative :

surprise to me, on being


place by my superior,to find
I had
Sister Capistrano here before me.
"It

was

known

that she became

brother

remained

brother

became

the story, the prieststook

me

they

leaving,

were

of the mission; and

end

the

at

when

after, when

acting

years

secretary to the

as

trano
Provincial,I learned that Sister Capishad

smoothed

private purse."
Recalling those
^

out of her

way

times, his emotions

him; and I confess I sympathized


with him, wondering at the ways

overcame

of God.
he went
"I

my

Brightening

after

up

pause,

on:

must

tell you

now

Capistrano alone
"Pardon

me

about

Sister

"
"

1" I broke

in. "It is a far

to Scotland,but what you have been


saying reminds me of what one of the
did in that
religious denominations

cry

country

many

years

extinction, but
members

left:

had
the

ago.

It

was

near

classes

two

zealous

and

of
the

the

on

but the

nun,

had

know,

; and, you

memory

been

entered

she

slipped

eldest

Her

Continent.

home; the second


lawyer; and her
to college,was
youngest brother went
appointed professor,resigned, went on
the
a
Foreign Missions, and is now
bishop in partibits.We have a house in
I 'getan obedience'
his diocese,and whenever
to leave here,as in allprobability
I shall (you know
it is the way with us
religious),I hope to be placed under
him.

I could

at

not

tell you

what

the zealous

should

encourage

their brethren
out

the

in the ministry to pick


clever
boys in their several-

parishes, and

have

them

compete

for

that

like ; every
of them was
one
family was
good.
"One day I said to Sister: 'How
did
to
choose
St.
John
happen
trano
Capisyou
for your
patron?'
'I could ride, you
know,' she said,
so

"

'and I could fish ; I could load a gun and


the trigger; but
God
forgive

draw
me!

"

I knew

"

saints.
votes
I

what

said

little of the lives of the

was

asked

saint's

when

got

I would

name

thought they

were

"

that

my

I had

for years

saint who
and

not

would
throw

the reception was

have
me

my

prefer.

all good,

in
wealthy. They met in conference, and
one
and
another
one
way
it was
agreed that the wealthy should
another, that is,so far as I knew.
found scholarships in the universities, the name
I'd like to get was
that
and

his

sent to this

the altar.'
them

The

often thought that

I have

convent

with

this in *A

on

plan succeeded;
a priest,
especiallyin a countiy parish,might encourage
a
promising boy, and even
help him a littlewith the classics if his
duties permitted."
and

laying her hand on my mother's


shoulder,and I overheard her say: 'All
God give us all His
right now, dear!
blessing,and may we live to see him at
"To shorten

Bush,' has

founded

of Pairts.'

Lad

in

MacLaren,

Briar

to go

brings
string,the
I knew
by

the sole.'

from

torn
upper
that it was

scamp

young

tied with

me

to

at my

him

cloth boots that I gave

new

him

hardly keep

can
on

heart!

of my
send

wish

be the dearest
But

mother

my

MARIA

in
But
of

patience with me,


The day of

viway.

the feast of St. John

Capistrano ; and they gave

me

that great

THE

AVE

for my
patron, and he has been
with
indeed.
me
patient
very
'But before that,and for the greater
part of my
life,I had another patron.
I was
at school,a girlof my
When
own
often of serious and
spoke to me
age
religioussubjects. She would even talk
on
death,going so far as to suggest,and
actuallyproposed, that whichever of us
died first would return, if God permitted,
and tell the other of things beyond
I assented,looking on it as
the grave.
in
the far-away future.
something
saint

"

"

*In

and

season

of

out

advocate

ceaseless

was.a

Holy Souls. When


walks, she'd often draw

school

our

on

of the

Stations

to

me

Cross, and

17

when

she loved best

her by the devotional work

that perhaps it might be a


had
her to me, as we
to draw

of all; and

magnet

meet

was
once

never

trary,
con-

the tale in his

on

least,she

"At

words.

visibly.

Capistrano,
rustling

alone, often heard

sounds,

the

of

cause

And

came

never

Sister

that

It is true

when

and

the

; on

pleasure to think I might


again in the fleSh.'
however," said my
came,

priestfriend,carrjang
own

her

seeing

"

her

"She

mind

fear to my

no

it

of

thought

The

agreed.
brought

could not find out.

to

her, take
crucifix that had the indulgence of

the

season

of devotion

the

_out

she

MARIA

she

which

these

evermore

verse
a
brought to her x, mind
which she had learned, where, she did
of men,
'O ye sons
not know\
why will
lie?'
after
seek
and
a
love vanity
ye
reverence
your
(Ps. iv.) Of course
knows," he observed, turning to me,
"the meaning of the word 'lie' (mendacwm.) in the Scriptures: the thing that
promises gladness and pleasure and joy
and will not give them, that is a lie.

sounds

"

thought, perhaps, that we were


talking about the coming examinations,
"Our
we
were
twenty
saying the
"Hail
and
Glorias.
Fathers,"
Marys,"
When
that was
done, she'd skip and
"We've
"After
balls and theatres and dances,
really
dance, with the remark:
fed the hungry and clothed the naked."
had been the belle among
she
though
the
in
'If she saw
silent
all there, the dead
me
tongue arose, the
sitting
she'd whisper, "Minting, voice from the grave
schoolroom
whispered to her :
tion,
of men,
back, "Vacawhy will ye love
minting!" And Fd answer
'Oh, ye sons
others

"

It

vacation!"

vacation,

near

was

it came

but, alas ! before

she

taken

was

vanity and seek after

And

lie?'

she hid herself in her room,

then

'and there,'

unexpectedly,quite suddenly, and, she said, 'I thought of the foundress


I might venture
to add, in her baptismal
of the Presentation
Order, Nano Nagle,
innocence.
She was
early patron,' after a ball, driving before the dawn
my
said Sister Capistrano from the depths
through the streets of Paris, and seeing
of her big, guilelessheart.
the poor
ing
people waiting for the openthe
her
*I looked down
that
they might
of the church doors,
on
grave,'
away

"

Sister went

dry and
for

the

Mother,
put

on.

for her

'and I wondered

on,

I felt.

unmoved

Holy
"Let

Say

us

Then

now."
I

knelt

promised her that


work

for the Poor

work

should

rose

and

went

Reverend

by

the last sod

as

fervent

I would

carry

Souls, but

be for the poor

home, not in

in joy, feeling that

was

on

"It

was

anything

system

nun

in the

of

revolted

nun.'

that she did not

not

the good that

nuns

do ;

nor

pleasures of the
Everywhere

nize
recogwas

it

world
she

that

he?-

of men,
why will ye
heard, 'O ye sons
love vanity and seek after a lie?' The
one
thing that prevented her from
settlingdown in the world was the same
thing that preventedher from entering

that jny

sorrow

was

and

bodies.

still bound

whole

my

against becoming

gates.
flood-

grave,

but

her;

That made

Mass.

in to hear

prayer

the

came

the

go

prayed

"She

Souls," said
elbow,

at my

how

but
to

allured

her.

AVE

THE
"

He

good

the

Lord

He

saved

"For

with

rewards.

is

there

great is

or

punishes the evil,

He

of the

because

small

Nothing

'Yes.

forgotten by God.

poor.

ten

All

night.
were

gone.

known

of

years

added

age

her

beauty and

Her

mother

her.

There

Court

no

longer

./

but

like
lay-Sister,

distant convent

; and

her

assistant, in

both of them

together,and entered here


day. That was
many
years

Romance

of American

BY

Imagine

History.

[he

oft-quoted illustration
that a pebble cast into the sea
has

its

upQn

the distant and

shore, is seemingly

infinitesimal

an

effect

opposite
imposition upon

mind.
the credulityof the average
Our
imaginations do not easilycomprehend
the

"divinity of

difficult to
meant

have

when

done

these My

little things."

Our
interpret what
He
'Inasmuch
said,
it unto

one

of the

his

heads

the

route.

with

first
cases.

nor

novice, joked and

himself
to

went

laughed
whom

he

The

secure

as

personal

sibility
respon-

the acquittaland

free-

of his poverty-strickenclient.
into counsel

became

least of

reward

clients

older

on

it upon

Lord

brethren, ye have done it unto

lad, went
on

Court, you
understand, proceeded from place
to place wherever
litigationwas
ing,
pendset up his bench in an old log cabin,
heard the issues,and passed sentence or
rendered judgment.
One day Hannegan, probably more
by
of jestthan anything else,received a
way
In Switzerland County, the Court
case.
and
Bar
came
an
unfortunate,
upon
slothful and ignorant man,
named
SchuHe had
maker, charged with murder.
and the facts seemed entirely
no
money
handed
against him, so his defence was
to Hannegan.
The youilg man
over
took

dom

ye

districts ;

origin of the

will

It is

as

neither

the

travelled

same

the

Hannegan, a mere
this assembly

by the

be

ago."

of

term

the wooded

over

with

at

J. SMITH.

ASA

with

to

came

the

on

second

so-called Circuit Court.

round

at the

whence, indeed, came


Young

any

hesitation ; her only anxiety now


was
for
time.
would
make
lost
She
up

horseback

on

forth

not have

Bar

the

in Warren

County, Indiana. The


small village of Williamsport was
the
County seat; but in those days the
judge, with a retinue of attorneys, rode

one

comeliness

would

was

in

1825

before

'

with

Edward
A. Hannegan was
a
lawyer, just admitted to practice

In

me

plentifulredemption." And you will be


"if to-day you
But
shall hear
saved.
heart."
harden
not
His voice,
your
(Ps. xciv.)
"She came
to breakfast next morning

19

young

the
Him

with

and

mercy,

MARIA

convinced

with

Schumaker,

of the

He

and

cence
latter's inno-

trial he proved his ability


The
orator
and clear thinker.

; at the
as

an

in

found to be "not guilty"


prisoner was
heaven.'
by the jury.
old
togetherOne can
The following narrative is founded aleasilydepict the scene:
in
his
has
been
with
tears
fact.
The
man
story
Schumaker,
eyes
upon
and with palsied hands, embracing the
handed down for several generations by
in
inscribed
word
has
been
attorney who saved his life,and
young
qf mouth,
I
when
different printed historical records ; and
saying, "If the time ever comes
portantcan
imin
the writer has substantiated every
possible way, I
repay
any
you

Me; and

great will be

detail in

the

your

minutes

officialjournal of the House


of the Indiana
year

1842-1843.

and

of

the

Senate

State Legislaturefor the

will do
my

so

; I shall

always remember

first and

last debt

Thereafter

Hannegan

criminal

lawyer,

was

is to

that

you."

became

an

elected to

able
Con-

AVE

THE

20
from

gress

State, and

the

was

been

for the

sent
purpose

who

colonel of the

regiment that
into Plymouth, Indiana,

"militia, commanding
had

paii; of the

northern

in 1842

were

of terrorizing the

menacing

was

Kelso

paign
the year of the great camOliver H. Smith, Whig

for re-election to the United

was

time

selected

United

the

that

if

elected him, he

vote

one

word

for Hannegan

vote

So Schumaker

exceedingly bitter,the lines


As a result
drawn.
sharply
being very
in
there
were
of the popular election,
the Indiana State Legislature,which at
that

his

in the

lature.
Legis-

the settlers

States Senate, and General Tilghman A.


The
nominee.
Howard, the Democratic
contest

at that time, with

north

passed

Schumaker's

dians,would
In-

cast his

States

and
Senators, seventy-five Whigs
Democrats.
Who
might
seventy-five
have been the choice of this assembly,

Senate

carried to the polls,

was

ballot,and died the

Kelso

between
candidate

miles

hundred

ever,
slightthought of politics.Finally,how-

in that district.
That

MARIA

by

elected

was

His

vote.

one

allowed

to retain

it.

ing.
morn-

the

seat

but after considerable


was

next

to

State

was

tested,
con-

trouble he
He

was

Whig, and supposedly aligned with the


forces
supporting Oliver H. Smith.
in the Legislature,
the vote came
When
Howard
received seventy-five,
General
the seventy-four Whigs opposing him in
support of Oliver H. Smith.

Whig, Daniel

One

Kelso, cast his vote

lone
for

Edward
Hannegan.
taken, and on each
quently the
stood
which so freDemocrats
of Providence
solidly for
in
the
Howard
the exits
decisive
and
the
with
ception
part
Whigs,
plays
of Kelso, for Smith.
On the
destinies of men,
never
be known.
can
On the day of the aforesaid general sixth ballot,the seventy-fiveDemocrats
to the one
ing,
came
over
Whig, making
election,about five o'clock in the evenSwitzerland
down
in
County, seventy-six votes for Hannegan, and
United
States
Senator
Daniel Kelso, candidate for the State
electing him
the
from Indiana.
Senate, discovered that just over
who
took his seat
hill from the pollswas
Edward
A. Hannegan
a sick man
had not cast his vote.
in the United States Senate, and became
Accordingly, the
of that body.
a
enterprising office-seeker sought him
distinguished member
out and asked him to promise that,if he
of the United States
The Vice-President
carried to the booth, he would cast
were
is President of the Senate, but there is
his ballot for Kelso.
The ill man
to act in
elected a temporary chairman
was
a
of old Mr.
ceased,
his stead during his absence, illness,
son
Schumaker, since dewhom
Mr. Hannegan
had defendedor in case of death.
gan
Edward
A. Hannehonored by being chosen to act
twenty years
previous. The
was
father had charged his boy to remember
in that capacity,being called President
that act of kindness.
States Senate,
tern of the United
Though young
pro
Schumaker
his own
on
was
which means,
deathbed, a
translated,President for
victim of consumption, he agreed to vote
the time
when
the permanent executive

had

it not

been

for what

seems

named

Democrat

terference
the inFive

ballots

were

"

for Kelso
for

vote

States

if the latter would, in turn,


Mr.
for United
Hannegan

Senator.

Daniel

Kelso

is away.
It is the duty of the executive

did not

of

readilypromise to do this. He was not


even
acquainted with Hannegan, who
had taken no part in the campaign, and

in

case

was

browbeating

the

Indians

several

legislativebody

of

this

officer

kind,

vote, to decide
the issue himself, his one
vote, of
When
making
a
majority.
course,
Texas

of

tie

declared

or

even

her

independence

of

AVE

THE

to
applied for admission
it
was
Union,
necessary
fore
the approval of Congress be-

and

Mexico

21

MARIA

the

On

Taking

of Resolutions.

the American
to

secure

providing Tor
House,

easily passed the

this
in

but

resolution

she could be admitted.

the

Senate

was

traditional

the

of
ONE
which

would-be

subjects

of hearers

for the amusement

is the forming of New

on

dwell

humorists

readers

or

resolutions.

Year

Needless to say, they take it for granted


strenuously opposed. The vote upon the
at
and
such
that
resolutions
a tie.
Hannegan was
question was
are,
parently
aptern.
that time acting as President
of the
from the circumstances
pro
cide, case
The question was
must
put up to him to debe, utterly futile. In their
in
and he voted
favor of allowing
mined
or
a deterphilosophy, a fixed purpose
Texas

become

to

Federal

Union.

The

of

member

the

Mexico

with

war

resulted,in which the independence and


mined,
deterforever
allegianceof Texas was
star
another
being added to
the American
flag.
be given, indirectly,
Hannegan
may
State
another
credit
for
namely,
considerable dispute
Oregon. There was
United
the
this period between
at
the Canadian
States and England over
gan,
boundary. Historians say that Hanne"

"

in

debate

on

floor of the

the

formulated

resolve

and

given

first

is halt

the month

before

up

the

on

to be set aside

is bound

day of January

if

rect
corthey were
completed. Now, even
in believingthat New
Year resolutions
as
a
rule, broken within a
are,
week
of their being
or
a
fortnight
taken, these flippant critics would still

be mistaken

to the usefulness

as

the

or

futilityof the practice they laugh at.


It is desirable,no doubt, that a resolution
to avoid a specific
evil or to accomplish
be kept
a designated good should

famous
New
Year to the next; but,
from
phrase
one
Senate, coined the now
that we
lent
excel"54-40 or fight." He meant
an
failingthis,it is nevertheless
to
have that longitude'and latitude
take
must
a
good resolution,
thing
would result. England evidently even
if it be only brieflykept.
or war
meant
It is distinctlybetter to resolve and
it, for the line as
thought we
the territory fail than never
to resolve at all; and
us
definitelyfixed gave
which

tana,
includes the States of Mon-

now

Oregon, and Washington.


the

Leaving
became

for the Presidency,

just missing the nomination, which if


secured would undoubtedly have

he had

defeat

the

occasioned

Franklin

of

Pierce,who was at that time unknown.


dor
AmbassaInstead,however, he became
he served with
to Prussia, where

to

old

an

returned
times
course

and

rendered

to

and
him

by

how
a

an

lawyer

young

unfortunate

of

act

man

in later years

was

many

the
actually changing
of American
history by altering
of the United
enlarging the map

States.

over,

"rom-

any

two

or

has

at

very

and that there is within him

it is shown

kindness

aside

turns

surely gained something. While we may


which
of purpose
lament the instability
occasions such a person's all too speedy
must
to the old routine, we
return
recognize the fact that at least he has
will certainly
effort which
made
an
mation,
facilitate his future permanent refor-

great distinction.
Thus

who

person

if only for a week


evil way,
the beginning of the year,

Hannegan

Senate,

candidate

the

still living consciousness

the

his life

that

needs

reforming.
Notwithstanding

the
merry

Year
that

part

of

the

disposition on

persons

many

to

the sure-to-be-broken

over

make
New

resolutions, it is fairly ceRain


not

people do

few

a
a

of

little

these

very

same

resolving of their

THE

22
own,

MARIA

private compact with


that, on this or that point,

make

"

AVE

themselves
their record

for the dawning

Notes

will

year

what
be materially different from
been their practice in that which

The

of

dawn

has

and

time

Remarks.

New

for

Year

is

reflection

an

portune
op-

upon

has

on
a petition
saintlyprelate'scomment
just closed. The fewer the points,and
which
practical Catholics recite every
mature
the more
the deliberation with
morning and night of their lives: "Give
the better
which they have been selected,
this day our
Said the
us
daily bread."
of one's persevering. late
the chance
mon
Archbishop of Liverpool, in a seroui'selves to give
Seriouslyto determine
delivered
not
before
his
long
up an evil habit or to practisea special lamented
death:
virtue is of itself a good thing, and
It is just these words
of Our
Lord which
remain
form
the grounds of the Church's
every day throughout which we
insistence,

steadfast

to

our

is

purpose

gained; but victory is achieved


as

only

mean

patient to perform."
Assuming that we have been wise in
formulating our good resolutions,that

the purposes
the outcome,

formed

have

we

have

been

of transitory impulse
but of serious reflection,
how
shall we
not

"Make
patient in performing?
Lord," we are told in Holy
How
to
Writ, "but keep them."
are
we
taken at New
keep our good resolutions,
Year's or at any other time? Assuredly
not by frequenting occasions in which
to break them.
Every good resolution
implies not only itself as an end, but
the employment ^of a number
of means,
which
renders
of
that end
disregard
prove

to the

vows

unattainable.
is well-nigh superfluous to add
that,just as the avoidance of occasions

when

mean

has

the

And

we

use

the

on

What

"Give

practice

He

the words?

Lord

Our

this

us

did

what

did

day

mean

As

our

us

to

Church

the

authoritativelyinterpretedthem, "by
be understood, not so much
must

now

these

words

material

body,

food

which

is the

the Eucharistic

support of the

Bread, which

ought
of
daily food."... The maintenance
the spirituallife of the soul is the boundcn
child wlio
or
duty of all. The man, woman
daily asks Almighty God to give them their
daily bread, and yet will not take the trouble
for weeks
together to partake of the food of

the
a

as

be

to

our

soul, to all intents

and

spiritualhunger strike

end
in

death

in the

of

the

enters

on

purposes
will
which

inevitably

soul, and

it may

be

death.

eternal

no
Frequent or daily Communion
longer carries with it the connotation
that one
sets oneself up to be pietistic,
or

It

times,

recent

frequent Communion.
by the words,

daily bread"?

and

is

particularly in

of
inasmuch

both "wise to resolve

are

we

much

so

wishes

more

oneself

to show

than

excuse

better than

practice needs

people. The

other

one

would

no

offer for

negative preliminary to partaking of material food every day.


in our
good resolves,so
perseverance
is the
surest
daily prayer
of the saddest
of Christmas
One
positive
of guaranteeing our
means
ness.
steadfasttives
Days must have been that of the relanecessary

need God's grace even


a
good resolution,and only
of His divine assistance
access
We

us

to

keep

to be reminded

order

but,

of
on

one.

can

able
en-

Christian needs

other

he

can

hand,

do-nothing;
every

sincere

follower

of Christ

with

do all things in
strengthenethme."

Him

St. Paul, "I


who

and

daily

may
can

assuredly

say

friends

women

of the seventeen

and

children

who

menian
Arcame

this country last summer,


seeking
immigrasafety,and were
deported by tion

to

that, of himself, in the

salvation
the

No

to take
a

authorities,as
the quota allowed
Mr.

being in
from

excess

of

their country.

C. V. Knightly, coujiselfor

fare
wel-

organization in Boston, reports, on


the authority of an American
student of
Roberts
College,that, on their return

^THE

MARIA

AVE

Constantinople, these unfortunate


first outraged, and then,
were
v.'omen
together with the children, murdered

23

of such

report is of itself a gratifying

to

ance

by Turks

circumstance, as evidencing our


Government's
acknowledging the prominent
part played by religion,and the

because

"there

support, and

their

for

were

no

they

were

means
sidered
con-

benefit to

case

tank

way."
probably this harrowing

was

caused

which

its Yuletide

to extend

Government

our

clemency

the

and

file. The

Chief

the

include

to

to the

accrue

of

from

anny

systematized religiouscare

in the
It

the

to its

given

staff in the office of

Chaplains, the report

us, are

one

clergyman

forms
in-

each of the

Catholic, and
Congregational, Roman
There
immigration stations for deportation. Methodist Episcopal Churches.
All who were
at present 608
in
the
not barred by health and
are
chaplains
to
Reserve
their
allowed
to
Officers'
morality rules were
Corps,
grades
go
friends
for ninety
their relatives and
being majors (5), captains (60), and
first-lieutenants (543).
The
numbers
days. They^re not under obligationto
of chaplains representing the largest
return unless ordered to do so, and it is
denominations
are:
thought that the Labor Depai-tmentwill
Catholic, 165;
for their stay in
in some
Methodist, 115; Baptist, 91; Presbyterian,
arrange
way
71 ; Protestant
the United States. The rejoicingamong
Episcopal, 54.
come
The remaining one hundred
these aliens and those waiting to weland twelve
will
be imagined. They
them may
chaplains belong, with the exception of
teen
to prove
be sure
seven
tude
Jews, to one or another of thirby loyaltytheir grati-

\aliens held

to

them

at

much

and

Island

other

that has

Government

so

Ellis

shown

Christian

all the editorial comments

pastoral

letter

of

New

York

birth

control, Mr.

has

the

dealing

under

come

the most

our

the

on

Archbishop

with

what

of

is called

Brisbane's

Arthur

striking and

the most

clemency.
To

Of

sects.

is

significantthat

notice.

After quoting
of the

salient paragraph
"This

Maitland, who

Catholic

free

nor

neither

was

from

anti-Catholic

derstanding
prejudice,is largely due the better unof the Middle Ages which
all educated
nov/
prevails among

He

persons.

was

the first of modern

English writers to assert, and to prove,


D.
that
the
period of history A.

800-1200
new
was
grossly,even
grotesquely
entire
the
question. misrepresented. His faithful saying
complexion on
for callingthe
Beyond doubt, to destroy physicallife in that the only good reason
IMiddle Ages the Dark Ages is that most
one
body, permitting the soul to enter a
better life,would be a crime less serious
people are in the dark about them, has
examined
shall
had
than saying to that soul, 'You
become
familiar.
He
is
of
of
the
at
time and
exist
all!'
It
the
never
a complicated
some
writings
learned how
complicated by the
enlightened it was ; and in
question,made more
book he
fact that, outside of Archbishop Hayes'
the first chapter of his famous
to
his
readers
class at
the prosperous
Church, among
earnestly calls upon
less
his
control
to
birth
follow
example :
least,
a greater or
extent is practicallyuniversal."
By putting your head into the darkness,

letter,he

remarks^

Interesting figures
first annual

are

puts

given

report of the
War
Chaplains,
Department,
D.

C.

The

mere

in the

Chief

of

good reader,
degree, make

ton,
Washingissu-

of the

original writers
a

fact of the

that you must, in


mean
yourself acquainted with

I do

traveller

and
with

see
a

at

if it
very

inn

an

was

period.I
who

wished

day; and who


judgment

wrong

have

some

heard

to look

the
of
out

returned

to bed

the

matter,

on

AVE

THE

24

owing to his being in the dark himself,


led to open the glass door of
whereby he was
and I must
a cupboard, instead of a window;
of
say that, in trusting to the repiesentations
much
be
will
doing
some
popular writers, you
the same
thing.
article

readable

very

"Sermon

on

Illustration,"contributed to the current


of the Ecclesiastical Review

number

also

this

quotes

This, I think, no
the

see

good

I believe

deny.

can

man

of it. I hope that


in it, and
the
God

of

hand

of His

is

that

mercy

if it is

But

works.

to

I love to think

it is true, and

visible trace

He

by Maitland:

monasticism

Henry.
eloquent tribute

Msgr.

Rev.

Rt.

the

by

only

however

dream,

from
grateful,I shall be glad to be awakened
illiterate
of
the
indeed
not
yelling
by
it;
agitators,but by a quiet and sober proof that

let

thankfully believe

me

miserable

other

and

that

Robertson

at whom
persons
such
very

of the

In the

the matter.

misunderstood

I have

time
mean-

thousands

Jortin,

and

second-hand

of enlarged
men
writers, have sneered, were
minds, -purifiedaffections,and holy lives; that
justlyreverenced by men, and, above
they were

God,

all, favorably accepted by


to those
"

and

of

that

guished
distin-

and

safes
vouch-

He

ence,
exist-

called into

whom

He

has

being

the

channels

to their

mercy

which

highest honor

the

by

mable
inesti"Ripon possessed one
advantage in the religiouspeace

of

His

love

fellow-creatures.

had

he

which

through

found

to the Roman

Catholic

his

version
con-

Church."^

wife, he himself
"One thing is wonderful, and is
says:
due to the influence of religion:I have
not

in

letter to his

since I

ever

and

snappy;

or

here been

came

worried

I have

when

even

had

to take, involving much

big decisions
and criticism,I have been
responsibility
naturally
really quite quiet." (He Was
of a very restless temperament.)
It will be remembered

all His

over

his biographer,

his vice-regalcareer," writes

illustrationquoted And

find this happy

We
in

MARIA

and

that great

littleindignation were

no

prise
surpressed
ex-

by English Catholics because


Lord Ripon did not resign his place in
Mr.
the Cabinet
when
Asquith issued
orders to stop the public procession of
the Blessed Sacrament, to be held at the
time of the Eucharistic
Congress in
London.
The biographer of Lord Ripon
stated that he did resign,and presents a
manly letter which he addressed to the
was

consideration

for his colleagueswhich

influenced him

Prime

not

Minister.

to

his resignation until

announce

had

weeks

some

It

passed.

Naturally,the good folk of the Middle


knowledge
they certainly
not
were
"steeped in ignorance and
prejudiced
superstition,"as so many
and
have
it is
writers
asserted;
not
questionableif their lives were
very
even
better, happier, healthier, and
Ages did
as

we

more

not possess

as

much

boast of, but

can

comfortable

than

ours.

interesting information
to be
family, soon
of England,
allied to the Royal House
is furnished by the London
Tablet, the
Some

about

editor

of

to

new
biography of the Marquess
much
to
Ripon has not contributed
our
knowledge of the Catholic lifeof the
howdistinguished convert; that little,ever,
interest.
is of special
His leaving
the Church
of England was
the result
of a long study of the writings of Newman.

In

found

the Church

peace

of All Lands

of soul which

again disturbed.

"In

was

he

never

setting forth

on

his

of

Edward

I.,descended

of

same

arms

This

as

the

de

Roger

of Brackenbury
bore the

of

in

many

sible
inacces-

that, are

confreres

Parliament

have

to

seems

"From

Baron

of

which

of knowledge

sources

press

The

very

the Lascelles

secular

Lascelles,

the

time

of

Lasthe family of celles


in Yorkshire, who

the present Earl

one
family gave
several
and
priests to the
martyr
Church.
The Ven. John Lockwood, who
suffered at York in April, 1642, at the
of
the son
of eighty-seven, was
age
married
topher
ChrisClara
Lascelles, who
Lockwood, of Sowerby, in York-

Harewood.

THE
often used his mother's

shire. He

spelledLasselles,as

then

brother

younger

priest,and

both

AVE

His

Francis

also became

studied

for

time

at

more
general will become the use
drugs by foi*mer drunkards, and

of

the

name,

alias.

an

25

MARIA

addicts.

of drug

number

the

to reduce

difficult it will be

more

the

and
Douay, before ordination at Rome
respectively. Their first cousin,
As orators raise their voices for fear
also a priest, of not
Christopher Lassells,was
being heard, so writers like Sir
exiled for the Faith in 1606,
and was
Philip Gibbs dip their pens in gall for
His brother, Sir John Lassells,became
In his new
fear of not being heeded.
the grandfather of four priests, all book, "More
be Told," the
that Must
brothers: Thomas, John, Richard, and
"high priest of journalism," as some
Ralph. All four brethren used the alias
the confession of
calls him, makes
one
Boldes, or
Boold, this being their
the
bottom
world
thus:
"The
was
Of the
name.
grandmother's maiden
knocked out of the meaning of the war,
Reims

four, Richard

the best

was

known,

as,

London,
he
time travelling; and
spent much
after his death in 1668 a work by him,
called 'A Voyage of Italy,'
was
published
Another
and
often reprinted.
book,
'An
Excellent
of Hearing Mass,'
Way
which appeared in 1686, was
reprinted
about fiftyyears ago."
besides working

as

priest in

if ever
it had any
meaning beyond the
bloody rivalry of politicians,
using the
bodies and souls of men
for their dirty
and
the
insanity of mobs,
game;
deluded
by race
passion, inflamed by

their leaders."

Very strong language is this, and


downright, too; but it will do
very
had
However, we
nobody any harm.
not thought that the time had arrived
when
war
correspondents could thus

dispositionto rejoice in the


frequently
of our
corroboration
judgnient, not inexpress
hibition
expressed during the Proentered
note
that our
campaign, we
With

no

forecast

to the increased

as

The

themselves.

iron

has

into the soul of Sir Philip.

of drugs

use

A faithful saying of the Rev. Joseph


passing of the
Rickaby, S. J.,is quoted by the Catholic
has proved toEighteenth Amendment
It will
Adva7ice, of Wichita, Kansas.
Dr.
be correct.
Royal S. Copeland,
have
to
who
afford consolation
those
York citv,
Health
Commissioner
of New
of hearing preachhad the misfortune
ers
has this to say of the matter:
and reading authors who forget that
as

of the

aftermath

an

of

564,000 pounds

crude

opium

ported
im-

were

1918; the
after
that we
imported 640,000 pounds.
year
that would
Statistics
show
mean
fiftygrains
into

foi; every

woman,
man,
As
regards

country.
tiie

using

has

that

much

have

doubtful

excited
amended

the

was

China
the

in

used

chief

United

The

the

child

using,

opium

distinction.

over

in

and

amount

same

she
ago, when
of the world.

years

States

United

the

we

are

the

mass

now

got

very

We

not

of Fr. Rickaby : "If ever


you
theologian confidentlyconsigning

find

sumer
con-

States

as

sorry

these words

the

whiskey habit.

Constitution

are

is upon all flesh." We


to
to have the reference

of God

of

souls

human

to

fifteen

opium

We

"the mercy

measure

flames, be
the bounds

sure

he is venturing

of Christian
You

science.

beyond

faith and

are

logical
theo-

quite free to

I do not

disbelieve his word.

eternal

believe

admire

myself." Fr, Rickaby would

it

the

against it; but, without

cussion
entering into any dissaid of
who
charity of the man
to say
that,
Prohibition,I want
of whom
dead,
notorious
sinner,
just
ful
harmmind, the opium evil is far more
of

to my
than

Let

the

whiskey

it be added

of the
eificiency

habit

ever

was.

that

the

greater the

laws

prohibitingliquor.

nobody else could


say:
as

he

"He

was

was

some

not

find
so

anything good
bad

to

all the time

of the time."

THE
and Dan

Dave

is your

AVE

been

now
'sponsibility,

Clar
dat I's got Lil'ladyto look after?
dem*
don't
off arter
chillun,and see dey
to

come

And,

Caroline

Ann

to and

and

arms

her

! Tree

sure

dat

ain't

and deaf wif


ob dem

'count

less
mother-

poor

dan

more

no

done

struck

lay
legged
bare-

two

little

boys
lawn.
weed-grown
Great-aunt
Much
more
Greyson found
to her disapproval as she passed on into
the dusty, disordered house.
buttonless

the

on

Master, he

he ain't in, ma'am,"

"

colored

old

the

stammered

opened
orders:

he ain't ebhah

dem

given

in now."

understand," said

"So

who

man

"He's

door.

the

so

the

lady,

dryly. "Well, you can tell him his Aunt


Adelia is here, and intends to wait until

great

he is in."

at all."

of

trellis and

their

ground; and

he don't take

sorrow

shadow

in the

the

on

and

"De
dis is de time

deir pappy

babies, and

So

Lil'ladyin

de Lawd,

"

chillun

no

rock

would

Sue

fro with

ob tribbilation

dumb

tangled

moan.

Lawd

"De

off to the

driven

path of duty, Mammy


herself

from

torn

tusselled

harm!"

no

27

MARIA

sorrow

life had

Lawd!"
"De
gasped the old man,
begun; and,
unnamed
and unnoticed by her rightful with
sudden
recognition. "It's Miss
in
Sue's
nuff ! You's
guardian, she lay
Mammy
got so noble
Adelia, sure
until Great-aunt
faithful care
Greyson, and portly I didn't know you; and I's
Europe, descended
on
just back from
got de 'cat-and-rats' in my eyes, and it

Lil'lady'syoung

Shorecliff.
was

the

was

who

mother,

Great-aunt

important

very

She

And

boy; and,

her

"duty" to keep an
until he
nephew
settled down, with
a

she

other
for

could

had

married

fault.

no

received

in

Then

diplomatic
Aunt' Greyson
position abroad, where
with kings and queens
had "hobnobbed"
and
and
learned
princes,
high and
mighty ways.
So it was
a very
great lady who now
decided that it was
her "duty" to visit
Shorecliff. She found
the sturdy old
that

manor,

had

faced the wide

w^aters

of the

Chesapeake since the days of the


Lords
Calvert, standing unchanged in
its grim, strong strength; but the touch
that had
was

gone.

sagged

on

given it
The
its

grace

loveliness

Mide, Hospitable gate

hinges;

great oak torn by

and

the

boughs of

thunderbolt

Shorecliff looks like it," was


rejoinder."Isn't there anybody

the curt

with

here

barred

the driveway; the climbing roses


that
had wreathed
the columned
portico had

head

take

to

Where
Mammy
Miss,"
Lil'lady,

"Wif

or

"Who

Greyson.
name

the

was

nobody, day or
exclaimed
"Lil'lady!"

nuffin

the

answer.

leab

won't

Sue

of

care

Sue ?"

is

place?
"Mammy

attention;

"

shuah."

"Yes,

and

in

come

Adelia,

Miss
tribbilation,

ob

time

'

time ob -tribbilation and desolation for

sponsibilities.
re-

charming wife

find

husband

was

other

many

claim'ed her

"duties"

her

he

You's

sort ob dim.

'em

makes

Greyson had felt it


eye on her orphaned

Aunt

whom

Marsden's

Mr.

died when

among

indeed.

personage

sister of
had

Greyson

Lil'lady for
night."
Great-aunt

in heaven's

what

or

is Lil'lady?"

baby, Miss, pore Miss Helen's


baby," repliedEph, dolefully.
Is there a
Good Lord!
"The baby?
too."
I thought it had gone
baby?
his
shook
it
"No'm,
didn't," Eph
grizzledhead solemnly."It's righthyah.
Miss, and as peart a little gal as you
"De

"

"

ever

seed."

little girl?" repeated Great-aunt

"A

Greyson

in

bad

were

Really
Helen,

enough,

this
"

was

to die and

baby girl.
with

dismay.

her!"

If

she

"I

thought

but

dreadful
leave

had

two

boys

little girl!

Elmer

in

poor

with

only taken

it

AVE

THE

28

MARIA

"Yes'm," assented Uncle Eph. "Dat's

to
appurtenances of this antechamber
the
dead
wife's
to
dust
Sister Sabina
lovelyrooms, left
Said
and
heart
Sue lit into her like a wild-cat.
neglect, the old woman's
she wcir
heavy and hopeless.For her
gwine ter keep dat ar Lil'lady grew more
had been very dear to her
sister's son
hyah, if it tuk de las drap ob her blood.
in
the
she
knew
An' she doing it,"chuckled the old man.
what
past; and
"Ebberyting else in ShoreclifF a-gwine this dire wreck of his home must mean
ing
to him, and felt that it would be beyond
ter pieces,but dat ar baby is flourishLike to go up and see
to save
her power
for shuah.
or
help.
Miss?"
The
stair
had
been something
dusty
her,
I must," answered
of a climb with this new
"Well, I suppose
weight upon
the visitor,
reluctantly, "though of all her ; and as she paused at the top,a low,
tender crooning reached her ear:
unfortunate things that could happen to
!
Elmer
Marsden
He
might manage
Bye, my baby, my baby.
My own
lilly-lady;
boys, but to be left with a baby girl!"
so
pooty and spry.
And
Great-aunt
as
Greyson picked My sweet lilly-lady,
is keeping
Yo' Mammy
her way
up the wide Colonial staircase,
Her
watch
while
yo're sleeping.
where
the dust lay thick on
polished Dar's nuffin can hurt you while Mammy
is
scious
constep and carved balusters,she was
nigh;

said, and

what

Mammy

"

"

of

as

she had

was

heaviness

in her heart

not felt for years.

For

such
she

So

bye, lilly-lady,now
"

bye, bye, bye!

Sue !
Sue, dear old Mammy
Mammy
worldly-wise old lady, who
Great-aunt Greyson knew that low, soft
avoided as far as possibleall sorrow
and
voice of old. So it had crooned
over
pain. Her husband was a distinguished the frail little one she had brought in
and
man
the far i^ast to breathe the life-giving
; her two children had married
from her into paths of honor and
air of Shorecliff,
gone
only to be sung to its
the evening of her life was
Sue's arms.
last sleep in Mammy
success;
with
sunset
radiance
that
had
bright
With
stab of unforgotten mother
a
cloud.
As the shadow
of ShoreclifF
no
pain piercing her heart, Great-aunt
her to-day, she seemed
fell upon
Greyson. burst into the half-open door
to feel the weight of her sixty years,
before her, and found herself back in
making her suddenly sad and old.
the dead wife's world again. All around
For this silent,
spacious house seemed
her was
spotless,dainty, beautiful,as
the tomb
of youth and love. It had
Helen would -have had it, as she herself
been such a beautiful home half a dozen
had
prepared the "nursery" for the
Helen
Marsden
had
the
years
ago.
she had hoped. A
"littlelady" for whom
touch that could transform
its hoary
covered the floor;
blue and white rug
strength, as the flowering vine transforms
veiled the
curtains
blue and
white
the granite rock. Shorecliff and
niture,
furenamel
white
windows; the
sunny
"

"

its master

into life and

and

her

had grown
gladness under

the crib with its lacy drapery,


light
spell.
all the dainty little belongings that
.And
Great-aunt
now
as
ful
mothers
there, tasteGreyson
love, were
young
looked around
at the wide upper
and complete.
hall,
whose
deep wuidows,
oiice
with
gay
The wood
fire,that these first days
draperies and filledwith potted plants, of autumn
seemed to demand, hummed
opened bare and grim to the sunlight; brightly upon
the shining andirons of
she noted the faded cushions on the
as
the chimney-place ; and before it,in the
wicker furniture,the disordered bookbig chair that had been her throne now
rack, the disused desk, all the pretty for three generations,sat Mammy
Sue,
"

AVE

THE
in snowy

and

cap

rocking her

apron,

latest charge.

glanced

She

trance,
en-

face

Adelia!

be praised

Lawd

De

De Lawd

for dis mercy

be praised for

De
sending yo' to dis stricken house!
I's doing
Lawd
be praised for shuah!
bes. Miss Adelia; but Fs ole and
my
and can't wrastle wif de
weakly now,

work
dun

and

like I

worry

give

up

ebber

ter;

use

ebberyting
Look

dis little lamb.

to take

I jes

so

keer

ob

her. Miss,

at

Lil'lady! Ain't she de


de sweetest
little lady

look at my
tiest and

"And
darling!" she murmured.
in
wretched
name
or place
your
shall

He

home!

and

both this very


in

do?"

resolutely, "now and here!"


And, with Lil'ladycooing gleefullyin
Great-aunt
her
Greyson was
arms,
"

gone.
be

(To

continued.)

"

Little Gold

The

you

saw?"

Table.

WYNNE.

MAY

BY

looking,
Greyson was
for
blinding
tears;
looking through
to
be
byeLil'lady,absolutelydeclining
Sue's broad lap,
byed, lay in Mammy
dimpled
a dimpled foot clasped in each
hand, gurgling and cooing a melodious
"

her

to

nurse's

croon,

the

"

with

was

set out

Jurenot

ffling for
^ the

joyous heart that


early one morn-

The

walk.

'

birds

sang,

amongst

son's luck to

Seven

Sue

went

doctor's stuff

sunshine
And

at

dem

nor

spellof colic since

Jes

into de
her

like

came

and

sorrow

pa

won't

ness.
de dark-

what

or

"

aunt

and

power

Greyson,

and

place to Greatshe

was

only

"

the
a

boat, not

"You

darling,
"

you

precious

little

very

he knew
been

stopped

to chat

with

in

stood

who

his

ing
the shore, haul-

far from

at his nets.

away

cried Jurenot, clinking the

"Come,"
coins, "let

us

You

make
are

bargain, my

about

to haul

good

in your

give you five gold pieces


first draught."
for your
The fisher paused in surprise; but as
I will

nets:

seemed

Jurdnot

to

be

in

earnest, he

laughingly shouted his readiness


six gold pieces.

mother

again, with a cooing, laughing


baby pressed to her heart.

why

pocket were

than

have

fisherman

young

fellow.

he

one'

as

may

That

to do with.
reason

walked

alert

In his

who
is w^ell pleased.
bright gold pieces, more

look at her

fairies.

briskly, holding himself

streak of

knows
about
You
gib her a name.
Adelia," and
babies, Miss
Mammy
Sue, in righteous indignation at such
parental neglect,lifted the still cooing
Lil'ladyfrom her lap. "Take holt of
dis chile and see how hefty she is."
And
of a
as
was
Lil'lady, who
her
out
friendly nature, stretched
to be "taken," the -years
chubby arms
vanished, with all they had brought of

pride and

and

merchant,

the

Jurenot,

spoonful of

had

were
ing.
playdays of the
lieved
simple folk be-

when

Men,

doubt

no

the

were

in mermaids

Ain't

bom.

was

'*Luk

proudly.

on

those

Wise

little laigs!" Mammy

dem

little arms!

she

see.'

For

far away

breakers

the yellow-haired meraiaids

at

wavelets

curled along the sands, whilst


the merry

shone,

sun

the

plumpest, rosiest,loveliest little rebel


been Great-aunt
that it had ever
Grey"Luk

now

son,
Grey-

Great-aunt

here," answered

and

father

this child to her

"Take

pur-

Great-aunt

defiance

without
father's

give you
day !"
Sue
"De Lawd, Miss," cried Mammy
dire dismay, "what
yo' g^vinne ter

heart

glad recognition.

with

"Miss

-old

withered

her

and
kindled

brusque

the

at

up

29

MARIA

"Good!"
you

said the

six then,

to be

heavy

as

the

one."

to

cept
ac-

other; "I will give

draught promises

30

He, too, laughed

he

as

THE

AVE

watched

the

fisherman
In

while

place of all that the


contain

was

Wise

Men

golden table

of

net should

times

course

to shore

as

one

as

of the

gold pieces;.and

the fisherman

realized what

and

got

to
draught he had taken, he wanted
break his bargain.
"Six gold pieces for a draught of
made
cried he ; "no mention was
fishes,"
of a gold table."
"I did not mention
the word
fish,"
retorted
Jurenot : "I said 'six gold
pieces for your first draught.'
man;
"Prove your
words," said the fisher"I made
such bargain."
no
So they argued till it was
a wonder
I think
to blows.
they did not come
they would have done so had it not been
for a philosopher who was
passing by.
In the days of the Seven Wise
Men,
of
more
thought
ophy
philospeople
many
than of earning their bread and
"

butter.
drew

near

"What
asked.
Then

So

Jurenot

and

the fisherman

Jurenot and

the

the

story, each

to

own

become
fisherman

of

my

business?"

thought, "My

And

wife

and

children will be hungry and unhappy,"


It was
with as much
disappointment
as

for the house

of

to Bias, the

them

second, who sent them


until they
third; and so on

the

to

Solon.

reached

the

eagerly

How

his final

awaited

would

answer

Solon's

answer

each
verdjct,

be

in his

was

more

that of his comrades


be dedicated

travellers

two

But

favor!

prompt than

"This table should

to the wisdom

of God."
found

At last the little gold table had

destination. And

its true

fisherman

the

sadder

the

sure

Jurenot

and

wiser

and

home,

went

men.

0ID the
wasn't

to show

find

ever

you

at

of

core

sign of

worm

the

Apple.

hole

in

away

apple when

an

there

the outside

on

Well, in the

it got in?

where

spring, when
blossom

into the

Gets

the Worm

How

trees

all

are

in

look their loveliest,


a little

and

relief that

they heard

the

laid an Qgg in the upturned cup


by the five points of the calyx. In
short time the tiny egg hatched into

moth
stantly
in-

fisherman

began
advantage, of course.
"Now,
to whom,"
they concluded, "does the
table belong?"
The
philosopher stroked his beard.
"That," he replied,"is a question to be
decided by the Oracle of Apollo. Go
quickly and inquire."
So, after secretingthe gold table,the
two
set out for the Oracle, each quite
confident of success.
They had to wait
so
long that Jurenot thought, "What
will

off they started

So

slipped out of its chrysalis and


and stopped the philosopher. moth
the blossoms.
flew among
Then, when
do you
he
dispute about?"
the petals of the flowers had fallen,the
to tell the

his

belongs

table

Wise
Thaler, the first of the Seven
Men, who, after long deliberation,sent

precious

"The

wise."

to the most

rally
natu-

could not purchase

for six

soon

brief:

was

ments,

heaved.

littlegold table.

in the wonderful

Even

Seven

and

he hauled

MARIA

decision

of the Oracle, which, like all wise judg-

made
a

and the littleworm


small worm,
into the apple that was
its way
a

bored

just
with the
forming; and there it grew
feeding on it.
apple,meanwhile
the apple falls to the ground,
When
the worm
gets out and finds its way into
from
the tree, where
it spins a cocoon,
which

moth

another

spring, and

so

of these fruit

is hatched

birds

The

on.

; and

worms

the next
are

fond

it is good for

should
that they are, otherwise we
sound apples left. The
not have many
us

birds

search

for them

the trees ; and


you

may

another

be

if

sure

apple.

worm

in the

bark

ventures

that he will

never

of

out,
harm

AVE

THE

AUTHORS

WITH

learn

We

"

that

the

twenty

literary subjects) contained


new

volume,

have

not

"The

Second

hitherto

been

(on
Meyn ell's

Person

Singular,"

printed in book form.

The

publishers of "The
Jesuits,
1921," the first history of the Society of
in English by one
of its own
members,
"

that

orders

work

were

for

as

as

many

received

3000

before

Jesus
state
of the

date

for

set

publication.
The

"

latest

series
It is

"A

M.

best.

as

Darwin's

The

them

see

theories

Fabre

Book

order

sovereign

facts

The

the

to

Wonder

the

of

one

wrote:

addition

is "The

of

lead

mania."

more
anthology
is that of Sir Henry
Newbolt, entitled "An
English Anthology of Prose and Poetry." The
made
selections are
to show
forth, as nearly
is possible within
as
the allotted space, the
J. M. Dent,
development of the English mind.
publisher; price,10s, 6rf.

of

book.

than

usual

interest

Grace

selection

the

on-the

late

possessors
with
her

of

such

letters

to

municate
com-

Rissington, Stow-

(Wyck

Glos., England), or with F. F,


(BalUol College, Oxford),
Esq.

is to act

said.

Benzigers;

have

New

"

and

forthcoming

His

Life

and

books

Work,"

host

of

there

Europe

that

which

telli;

Scotland,"by

Fr.

J. H.

L.

he

record

Reformation

in

Pollen, S. J.

"

Alexander

Louis

Teixeira

de Mattos, widely
English-speaking world
for his versions
of Fabre
and
other
foreign
He was
authors.
an
accomplished linguistand
a
masterful
translator.
Shortly before his
death
he
this
"I
wrote
beg my
message:

throughout

friends
Mass

to

said

"""The
great
not

Fiery Soliloquy with

work
in

of

an

size, but

old
in

master;
mei'it

to

God'

have

is the

great, that is,


exceeding

and

facts.

and

what

are

with

leading politiciansand
learned

street; he
the

which

doubtful

the

the

ahead.

future

in

man

the

war,

have

come

upon

From

these

builds

experiences he

varied

for

talked

He

peoples'attitude

of

catastrophe

it

as

relates

influences

with

of the

conditions

He

for evil.

he

up

impressive picture of Europe as


it is to-day, facing the facts he saw,
recording
the distrust,fear, jealousy,greed and hatred,
and

detailed

the

confusion
of passions left in the wake
conflict.
great international

"

well

of

There

is

good

deal

in

"The

blame

to

"

to

praise and
Story of the

MacManus
York:

of

octavo

Irish

several

and
Irish

The

bound, the

printed and

some

"

ing
Publish-

717

pages,
will lend

volume

of the
ordinary
dignity to the appearance
library shelf; and its contents will please not
are
as
unacquainted with
only such readers
of the olden
Erin
days, but the majority of
those

the

for my
soul, and
pray
for its repose." R. I. P.

The

tal
Continen-

of the

heai'd,what

and

saw

observed

the

good

Des-

the
death
We
last
regret to chronicle
month, at St. Ives, Cornwall, England, of Mr.

known

sure

indications

tour

"Pages from the Past," by John' Aysby Seumas


lection Race,"
colcough; "Once
Upon Eternity," another
Irish scholars.
(New
of tales by Enid
Dinnis; "The Popes
A
handsome
Co.)
in the Divina
Commedia," by Bishop CasarCounter

is

readers.

the chaos
will emerge
from
she
lies prone?" led
Mr.

to-day

to

is

title of

Co.), which

"What

to undertake

and

to

(just published

Capitals, to feel the pulse of Europe,

the

his

include:

by

cour;

"The

Graham

interested

question,

things

and

one

to

is the

Bound,"

universal

the

"Pasteur:

introduction

by Stephen
by D. Appleton "

were,
what

of

spirit

Thomas,"

"alter

book

Graham

in

price, $1.25.

Whither

"Europe,
new

When

friend

who

editor.

as

called

close

akin to him

so

further

to

Wold,

Urquhart,
who

intends

been

is of

publish
changed
letters of her distinguished
them, the
Louise
quests
Imogen Guiney, rewide
and

of the

cousin, the

who

Guiney,

and

those

toward
Miss

"

was

the

to

mystic, mystical. And


understand
the
word, enough

It

"

he

Kempis,

needs

note

little volume

burning

Petersen, of Deventer:
that

have

to

as

hardly

in

An

"

Thomas

to

from
away
I regard as

me

Gerlac

editor's

the
this

of

remembers

matter.

over

Atheism

....

Master

by

great naturalist
rules

reads

present edition

book
story-

Science."

So

beauty."

one

1534-

copies

the

PUBLISHERS

AND

essays

in Alice

MARIA

to

whom

thrice-told

Mr.

already

made

eff"ect that
rests

story
exiles, and
of

charge
untrue.

in

upon
the children

go

ignorance of
ignorance of

of

appear
back

of

other
no

those

Irish

word,
fore-

charge,

Case," to the

"Ireland's

his

the

not
To

of the

his

In

book.

reiterates

"American

thousands
can

the

MacManus

is

race

And

things about

blamable

tens

story of the Irish


just here is one

the
tale.

Ireland's
our

own

exiles."

Americans
than

further

To
the

ludicrously
than

half

32

THE

century, when

the famous

AVE

Tom

Father

Burke

MARIA
"The

his lectures
York
delivering in New
against Froude's misrepresentations of Irish
history, what son or. daughter of an Irish
was

Letters
the

of St. Teresa."

Spanish

Benedictines

Translated

Annotated

and

of Stanbrook.

from

by

With

an

the
troduction
In-

by Cardinal Gasquet. Vol. II.


exile
back
reaches
to that
whose
(Thomas Baker, Benziger Bros.) $3.50.
memory
view
reperiod does not recall not only the annual
"Hispanic Anthology." ($5.) "The Way of
of Ii-eland's story on each recurring St.
St. James."
(Putnam's.) 3 vols. $9.
Life
and
Edward
His
Patrick's Day, told in pulpit and in press, and
Manning,
"Henry
Shane
Labours."
banquet hall, but the Irish books that filled
Leslie,M. A. With Six
the shelves of the home
Illusti-ations. (Burns, Gates and Washlibrary, histories,
novels
and
cellanea
mislectures,speeches, sermons,
bourne; P. J. Kenedy " Sons.) $7.65.
innumerable?
As
of fact,
A
matter
of St. Benedict:
Rule
a
"The
Commentary."
and
Translated
Delatte.
Dom
Paul
the story of Iieland, ancient
Rt. Rev.
modern, has
this side of the Atlantic
Gates
been so well known
Justin
Dom
McCann.
on
(Burns,
by
have
visitors
that Irish
few
not
a
and
Washbourne;
Benziger Brothers.) $7.
Irish
Americans
and
Rev.
testified that
Irish
Pastor."
"A
Mill Town
Joseph Conroy,
Canadians
are
$1.90.
S. J.
quite as well acquainted with
Brothers.)
(Benziger
annals
of their people
Hibernian
most
as
are
"

"

at

home.

Obituary.

Of the plan of the present work, twenty-five

eighty-one chapters

of whose
of

friends

the

author:

the

of

are

bution
contri-

the

first

them

Remember

that

are

in bands.

"

xiii, 3.

Heb.,

mento
SacraThomas
Rt. Rev.
Grace, bishop
period
of the
Bernard
Rev.
Rt.
Richter,
Msgr.
;
from
the earliest colonizations to the English
Rt. Rev.
William
St.
diocese
of
Msgr.
Cloud;
Invasion; the next twenty-four chapters bring
of
Philadelphia; Rev.
Kieran, archdiocese
the
the stoiy up to the Rising of 1798; and
diocese
Little Rock; Rev.
of
McGrath,
concluding twenty- three (200 pages) complete James
of Milwaukee;
archdiocese
D,
La
D.,
Boule,
Joseph
the record; the ultimate
chapter-titles
being,
S. J.
Rev.
Nicholas
and
Davis,
Last
"The
"Sinn
"Easter
Fein,"
Rising,"
Almost
credible Sister M. Basilla, of the Sisters of Charity;
inand
"The
War?"
Dawning."
herd;
ShepSister M. de Sales, Sisters of the Good
the book
has
it may
no
as
appear,
M.
and
Sister
M.
Sister
Angela
is
the
its
of
contents
table
index, even
though

thirty-five(307 pages)

would

Some
A

The

Guide

Recent
to

Good

will

be

who

latest

the head, older ones


time to time to make
he
Orders
should

Books.
Reading.

Foreign
now

books

will appear

being dropped
room

for

sent

to

new

the

out

Sisters

Anselma,
Mr.

S. B.

of St. Benedict.

Marcan,

Mr.

Frank

Grimes, Mrs.

Mrs.
Zimmei-man,
Fusz, Mr. William
Sarah
Feeney, Mr. B. C. Reilly,Mr. Francis
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Emil Court, Miss
Mary Dolan,
L. Beidel, Mr.
ChisCondie, Mr. Alexander
Mrs. Catherine
garet
holm, Mr. George Cameron, Sr.,^Miss MarW.
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J.
P.
Mr.
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James
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Scott, Mr.
Robinson,
Marie

object of this .list is to afford information


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can

the

of synoptic. Its price ($6)


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fear, by many
be glad to possess the volume.

reverse

found

with

deal

of

at

from

titles.

publishers.

books not on sale in the United States


be imported with little delay. There

is no
bookseller in this country who
keeps a
full supply of book'; published abroad.
lishers'
Pubprices generally include postage.

McGrath,
Harold

Mr.

Albert

Brebant,

and

Mr.

Fraser.

Eternal rest give unto them, O Lord; and let


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May they
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rest in peace! (300 days' indul.)

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Our Contribution Box.
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HENCEFORTH

XV.

VOL.

(New

Series.)

Mother's

my

walks

she

When

As

her

As

Hark!

and

Seraphim!

bars:

earthen

to

the

to

our

find

spoken,

have

eye,

of

For

And

of

light

the

Heaven

are

bright,
radiant,

the

frame,

vigorous

light and

the

movements,

easy

the

erous
gen-

youth,

of

interest

eager

unmoved.

leave
eyes.

the

flame

her

about

the

lies

Cana

kindly, kindly

the

in

in

"

heart,
In

the

countenance,

mind

the

gaze,

not

can

of

who*

those

frank

the

grown

who

life; whom

of

makes

have

renewal

of

company

the
will

the

unlock

and

lock

that

and

young

youth

self-centered

sad

respond

fail to

They

its

crabbed

happy

sentiments.
and

its

have
who

so

this

without

that

appeal

joyous

lips

the

Gracious-sweet,

be

so

at

would

must

nature

life

youth

as

broken;

is

Lips

world

in

engaging,

What

pleasure

the

the

above

HUGHES.

G.

so

They

selfish

prayer

H.

anything

stunted

and

listen

mei!"

spell

REV.

there

sorry

clear
the

C. S. C]

charming,

people?

Dei!

in

THE

springtide

now

Hudson,

best?

glisten!

its

on

NO.

refreshing,

Cherubim!

and

fill and

48.

I..

1922.

E.

;S

stars.

Softly

D.

BY

and

lean

blend

Heaven

Rev.

1922:

LUKE,

14,

thunder.

serried

and

Mater

Memorare,

JANUARY

J.

asunder,
the

Mater

"Memorare,

Earth

far-off

beating

soul

of

eyes

pure

S.

wheeling

the

hush

they

How

Copyright.

8T.

eyes!

'mid

from

Salve!

INDIANA.

DAME,

E8RED.

Bl

Paradise

burst

worlds

of

the

Of

thrill

the

Oh,

*";

Resurgam.

DOYLE,

starry
of

hush

the

Oh,

CALL

Song.
F.

LOUIS

SHALL

Saturday.

every

Mother

BY

GENERATIONS

NOTEE

[Published

0H,

AU

youth?

of

meaning

the

is

What
that

Sorrows

are

God

that

Nothing

is without

made

has

Seven.

especially

meaning;
her

For

arrow

an

with

"Thou

Ah,

the
fear

our

"

Christ's

Virgin

Divine

of

throne.

Mary,

Mercy,
own

but

^be it

the

ever-

mistrusting

conceiving

unworthiness.
"

is

without

then,

youth,

St. Anselm.

lesson

that

made

the

youth

that

just
youth
grow

will

dim

teaches

youth
beauty

and

bright,
beauty,
life,

make

it, tell
that

speaks

Is it

doleful

Has

us?

fascination

and

may

fade,
; that

meaning.

that

life?

only

sad

ourselves

bright

fresh, happy

the
upon

of

meaning
its vigor

abundant*

we

creation

deep

activeness

upon

of

phase

full, unhampered

of

untiring
of

its

with

revelation

always

noblest

the

is

What,

happy

its
Dove!

eagle-hearted

is not

God's

its

"

done!"

Mother,

life of man,

earth,
winged

sorrow,

Son

her

Heaven's

invoke

blessed

of

conquered,

Mother,

To

with

moaning

hast

my

burning

love.

the

Hear

the

tipped

toward

Upward
Leaps

Own,

her

against

own

no

God
v

of
flections
re-

that

eyes

will

faces

will

THE

Basil

AVE

man,

Kirby.

VALENTINE

11.
"

IRBY

At

rid

PARAISO.

the

and

Convent.
the

talking in the
up

car,

Isolda.

He

as

course

; but

that

is five

used to call

Countess

the hot road

have

you

again!)

smile

BY

35

MARIA

were

it panted

towards

Sant'

It

always
or

on

six

got that enigmatical

always, of

is not
since

her,

I found

years

"

now.

ago

the child when

was

I
in

bons.
bring her a box of bonthe
at
leave
her
I had to
nunnery
been
a long time, though she might have
in her father's will.
useful; that was
Mentone

and

leaning back,
his sight sheltered by blue glasses; he
She is a grown-up
girlby this time; and
she is saying, 'Sister Anne,
I am
enjoyed, first,the luxuriance of roses
sure
in the terraced gardens; then, as .the Sister Anne, do you
ing?'
comone
see
any
in the
creature
road went higher, he was
like the
looking at the
poor
Bluebeard
prickly cactus growths, the grandeur
Imagine a young
story.
of the
the
of
nineteen
riot
Southern
palms,
no, nearer
lady, eighteen or
she
There
is, learning the
flowers,and feeling the heat reflected twenty!
from
white
a
wall, or realizing the
dancing steps without anybody to dance
of
Think
Southern
leaf and
scent
of her going out in what
with.
warm
tently
inrather
flower
than
listening too
the boys call the school crocodile, two
sort!"
of the lively old
to the chatter
and two and all the same
Countess.
Basil Kirby laughed at her compassion.
"Is your
niece a Catholic?"
She sat placidly,wrapped from the
cloak and motoring
dust in a silver-gi-ey
"Oh, thank the Lord, no!" said the
hood, and well shaded by a parasol. Countess, fervently. "You see, it's like
much
Her
this. I don't want
hair, puffed and curled, was
religionand worry.
whiter
than the silken cloak; but her
Francesca
might go taking my
Why,
the blackest
cheeks were
Ariel out, and she might pretend she
rosy, and under
of arched eyebrows her faded blue
had been walking in the Park, and she
telligence,
instill
of
where
somesharp
would
have been to her church
were
expressive
eyes
outside
mischief.
and
the
and left
They
dog
temper,
poor
had been talking of her schoolgirlniece, tied to the scraper."
what
tess
the Counshe was
whom
Basil Kirby smiled
going to bring away
He
from
Sant' Isolda.
called the enigmatical smile.
looked
said
Basil
Cavaletti
Kirby,
"Now, Countess,"
perceived that Eugenie
laughing pleasantly, "I perceive that
religionas an inconvenience.
upon
too
think it does make
are
are
"Don't you
truly feminine, for you
you
him
to
said
somewhat
inaccurate."
she
complications?"
many
The Countess shook her grey curls at
frankly, with a little pucker between
man!
You
unkind
have
"Life is full
him.
"You
the arched
eyebrows.
never
a
paid me
compliment yet, and
enough without it; don't you think so?"
self
that's not one."
She leaned back in the car,, fanning herother
"I am
It
is
the
and
with
not
Countess.
with one
hand,
vay
sorry.
to pay compliments. But how
can
way
turning the lace parasol towards the
had
"I never
have
call this accurate?
We
one
any
glare of the Italian sun.
"and
I
went
been talking of your
she
schoolgirlniece, any
on,
rehgion,"
I
and now
I
tell
she
is
neither
assure
haven't done
a
me
you
badly.
you
niece nor
inside a church except the
a schoolgirl."
never
was
I
when
the twice I mean
"Well, I have
always thought of two times
time
And
first
Francesca
the
horniece.
married.
as
(Oh,
was
getting
you
my
was

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

THE

36
I caught cold; that

AVE

generation had

tant
in the Protes-

was

parish church at Putney. (Why do


they keep those places so damp and
And
the second time it was
empty?)
just the opposite: I got smothered with
in the
heat and mosquitoes; that was
Catholic church

which

here in Mentone,
would

Giu

to church

go

for him, for he

never

his

Francesca's

my

"

"I

went

don't think she knew

after.

mother,

"

much

about

more

(Oh, dear, this


Popery than he did.
has
steep! Are you sure that man
Chesska's

on?)

mother

know.

was

is my
of
that
something

his half-sister,
you

step-niece-in-law,
or

She

would

her, tillher twentieth

have

So she is past nineteen


twentieth
into

hot white

Her

when

convent

went

car

year.

^that'sthe

"

father

like himself,and popped

up

the

dying; and, so far as


been happy enough."
The

now,

isn't it?

year,

brought her
her

they

way

he

was

I hear, she has


the

on

road, among

throbbing up
palms and wild

cactus.

"Isn't it strange," said the Countess,


told her about Giulio?"
never
were

you,

either," Kirby
shadow

of

"Ah,
You

tell her

observed, with

the

smile.

men

you

not

can

I wouldn't

so

Gee-oo."
She

turned, the

diminutive

of

the

plainest English, though


her pronunciation of her own
language
and her voice,with many
was
exquisite,
Italian

tones,

into

was

one

fair^ waist

like

"

tub."

of Milo."

the Venus

with

believe she has

"I

marked
lovely teeth,"'re-

the Countess; "but one


always grinning like the corner
a chorus."

can't be

girl of

scorching it is
"Oh, there's
Kirby.

Jove, how

"By

said

And

grand cactus!
lizards

on

that

look

wall!

look at the
Can

color

nearly the

"

"

up

you

of

the

see

grey

stones?"
ward,"
a thick- waisted
girl is so awk(That
persistedthe Countess.
wall goes round the convent.) Mine was
I was
her age.
eighteen inches when
did you say about the genius of
What
"But

"

Mile

End?"

"Oh, nothing! Did you not tell me,


too hot to
Countess
yourself, it was
explain?"
After a slight pause, she observed:
band
"She has "not a bit of color. My hus"

"

rose

used

to tell me

washed

with

was

like

wild

dew."

getting out to walk a bit. Do


mind?
One gets cramped knees
you
and a cramped head."
and
in danger of
never
The Countess was
troubled
a
joke, and the last
by
being
She sat
furtive word escaped her ears.
calmly fanning herself.
at the top of the hill;
Soon they were
clanging of the gate
and, after much
the
bell and a long wait, there was
"I

am

"

unsympathetic!
imagine why I married
are

him?"

bit!"

interested,"said the provoking


with
the flicker of a smile again.
Kirby,
self
"As to the waist, she must console her-

"they

"If I

sad

"I get

them,

was

whatever

or

Carlo!"

nor

he left it in his will that she

to stop

well,

"

"

black

here!"

"

was

replied the Countess,


with sudden
"plain features,
energy:
swarthy skin, hair no color neither

sort, but it's too hot to explain. lier


people,the Wallace-Browns, failed ; they
went stone-broke,and somebody got the
girl into this school. I don't know
whether
the father turned Papist, but
there, teaching

he

sort of dog," she said ; "but if you could


Giulio when
first I met him
seen

"Not

Arid

Eugenie behind

have

hill is

the brakes

afraid

am

"Is the girl hke

to get married ; though I think the civil


would have been quiteenough
ceremony
sister

known

and she had not forgotten


the footlights,
the music of speech.

in Monte

is glorious Gothic.

"Poor, dear

MARIA

of her

charms.

past

"

THE

AVE

sound

of footsteps beyond the portal of

Sant'

Isolda.

oaken

door

and
pushed aside,"

was

in

little shutter

pair
through

regarded them

of tranquil eyes

the

"Let

are

in,

us

dear!"

my

"We

French

the

darling.Poor

but

not

her

Sister asked

them

parlor. The

to follow

her to the,

deep-set windows

corridor looked

little

English, the

out

upon

beauty,
and shining sea.

view

hills

purple
depths
speck of white

Under

the blue

sapphire sky, one


turesome
lonely and remote,^a venalone
wanderer
into
the
going

sail showed

distance.

not

was

venturesome

more

the child of Sant'

lonely.than

more

or

It

Isolda who, after long delay, was

world, with the goodnatured old Countess as her companion.


The Countess in the corridor slipped
the polishedfloor as if she was
on
going
to dance, and
prudently took Basil
She considered
herself
Kirby's arm.
a
enough to lead a
great personage
fashion,and a train of half a yard added
to her dignity. There
was
pathos in
her voice as she sighed :
"I never
to this silent place
come
here I
without remembering that it was
met

the Count."

"Not
"Of

here!"

in

not

course

the

supporting
playfullytapped with her fan.

that I met

Giulio here

and I saved him


Giu!

He

had

arm

"I

Miss

Chesska

find

that

in

London."
"She

will find plenty to do," said the

Countess.
she
nuns

and

"I

am

taking

"will have

time

for

pany;
com-

to fret for

I can't live without

nonsense.

all the theatrical

no

her

news

faced

right!"
round.

"I don't
I had

the Tom.'

mean

at home

with

uneducated,

Ariel
people. And
my
so
highly-strung. He gets quite
hystericalif you don't understand him.
him
One
sees
trying to bark, and he
can't help it ; and when
he begins,
once
he barks till he nearly breaks his neck.
Oh, here's the parlor, thank goodness,
while

bones

our

sound!

are

; and, then, there

I believe
to beeswax

vow

when
the layeverything. Now"
Sister was
will
have
a
"you
gone
"

"

quarter of
make

The

green

laths

green

windows.

were

The

out, and
not

to

if

ever

great,

through

this

to look round

plenty of time to
begin at once.
you

will be

sketch,

did you

But

hour

an

That

room.

see

showed
lofty room
tv/ilight.Shutters of
closed against the open
shut
glare of light was

in the

shade

hot

"droll

the

There

clearlyvisible.

was

have

ing?"
such droll furnish-

been

two

visitors

more

One
harmony
dured
flippantlyamused; the other enagonies, which he tried in vain

was

Poor, dear
idea of arithmetic!"

won't

the

about

so

is

was

said 'Basil. "By Jove,


gloriousgarden they have here !

him

to leave

mean

"Awkward!"
what

will be all

the girl: I

mean

you

the Riviera,

on

enough

about

littledear, I fret

Countess

out of

ruin.

from
no

The

could

convent,

dear donkey !" The

to

comfort."

furnishing"

'

in astonishment.

"

will have
anxious

in these places they take

now

out into the

going

counts.
ac-

of bewildering
unsympathetic

to

away

"

of the

She

rather

am

"Oh, she

very

the

she will have

course

look after Ariel.

the bridge

and

servants

of

said

heretics

are

the

And

to do.

Countess.

of

letters to write, and

my

parties and

bandits."
In

37

grille.

the

MARIA

with

Sant' Isolda.

conceal.

ranged
intervals by the stately wall.
chairs

Common

middle
table

were

of the waxed

with

one

floor

was

equal

at

the

In

round

the

pedestal support,
"

invented.
of table ever
ugliest form
of faded
with
cloth
This was
a
draped
six
surrounded
chairs
by
jam-color,and
at equal intervals, upholsteredin vivid
green.
or

Opposite each chair

closed album.

glass shade

In the

filled with

was

centre

ancient

book

was

a-

flowers.

THE

38

Basil Kirby investigatedthem, and


made
his flesh creep:
they were

AVE

MARIA

felt

When

of

Kirby had

feathers.

Oleographs of a few saints seemed


The artist
to spoil the walls.
the statue
that
at
a glance
eye judged
out of proportion and
(Ml a bracket
was
he
But
painted in garish colors.
suffered most from St. George and the
work
Dragon over the grand piano. The woolin
frame^
a
gilded
picture was
sat a bulky
The knight in blue armor
wool horse, and drove a slightly-curved
into

spear

The

the

Countess

cucumbers,

red

monster's
likened

and

the

his mouth

dragon
gave

to

her

upon

train

which

the reality.
of coarse
black

was

the

even

stiff

a
was

would

Countess

have

approved, and the black veil hung


shoulders.
head
and
gracefully over*
This wonderful
lady in black and white
be the

to

met

ever

personal

who

had

first

with

had

he

woman

thought about her

no

at all.

appearance

talked to them

She

came

in perfect English,
in

just a hint of reserve


simplicity. There

absolute

courtesy that

coldness

dragon with horror.

this romantic

seen

pictures: here

thought her costume


unbecoming, and the white was
for the face; but there
frame

warm

cucumber

had

He

back

and

He

figurein

and

lobster

to conceal

century.

pleasant reminder of lobster salad ; but


wool
Basil
said
the
horse
Kirby
trampled his soul, and he turned his
the

the parlor,Basil

entered

his curiosity.Here
product of the Middle Ages
breathing and living in the twentieth

seemed

mouth.

nun

the

was

to him

misses

one

of London,

and

there

her

the

was

in the
was

and very
attractive,
gentlenessinfinitely
lady with the
silvery hair went
pirouetting about, rare in the modern world. Basil found
saying in one breath, "What
uncommonly interesting.
a
perfect the nun
for
He
floor
dance!"
and in the next,
was
a
thinking of her as "the
wicked to beeswax
he heard the Countess
"How
that tiled corabbess," when
ridor!"
For a short and stout woman,
Mother,"
addressing her as "Reverend
she carried herself superbly, with head
and he lost his whole impression of that
erect.
When
in a struggle to let
she had thrown
beautiful presence
back her
It seemed
smile betray him.
a grono
motoring hood, the abundant silver hair
tesque
"Reverend"
made
her look like an
of words.
misuse
tury
eighteenth-centitle for a clergyman;
the proper
marquise. In fact, the likeness
was
would have been complete only for her
could
and this cloistered Sister, if one
for
Paris
had
her age at all,
more
fancy
right to
paste diamonds; these
guess
imitations
call the lively old Countess
mother."
"grandclasped her
lace, and
glimmered about her dress and neck
and hands in every direction. She had
Miss Chesska Brown
was
a long time
offered
not outlived the love of the spangles about getting ready. The nun
and glitterof the stage.
would
take
no
refreshments; she
No one at Sant* Isolda had ever
in* the
heard
so 'far
refusal,they had come
of the FrivolityTheatre that used to be
heat. Would
they have tea ? She had
in the Strand, or
of the Southwark
been brought up in England
yes, in^
music hall where the bouncing Eugeme
London
somewhere
near
(they
deed,
Marcelle appeared in even
remote
should not ask her to say where), and
more
if she herself
tea even
history. The Countess Cavaletti came
she would make
The

short

and

stout

"

"

"

here

as
a

the widow

of

great personage

an

Italian gentleman,
don,
residingin Lon-

and the only relative of Francesca


Brown.

went

to~the

they wish
grapes

to do it; it would

kitchen

floating

water.

for the wine

made

rot be grass

on

grown

here?

Or would
from

the

Basil Kirby could

THE
not look at the Countess

AVE

39

MARIA

He despised himself
only admire."
for the deception; all the more
that, out of sight of the hostess,her lips
were
saw
twisting, and she had wickedly because the nun
through it.
"Let me
raised her eyebrows and put her hands
she said for
then,"
explain,
what
about
iced coffee?
the sake of Sant' Isolda.
"When
we
together. Ah,
the very thing. go down to the terrace beyond the palm
Oh, yes, iced coitee was
it was
And soon
will not notice
Mr. Kirby, you
brought in,with a tray
grove,
of cakes and fruit,all most
and
It is
withered.
that
the
mimosa
is
all
dainty
delicious looking.
not beautiful, but we
leave it there
looks
Basil Kirby, with his cup on his knee,
below the terrace, because no one

admitted

that

had

in

it

been

it

; he was

and

nunnery,

ful.

the first time

was

aware

he

he thought

good place. He chose the


recollection
rapidly,with a vague
of Hamlet
saying to Ophelia, "Go, get
a

very

word

thee to

Faith; for
word

The

nunnery."
that he

aware

Catholic

no

ever

chosen, just as
the
"taking

he had

not

the

the

poetic

veil"
expression
generally left to non-Catholics.
he takes

"But

and your cloisters,


and eveiything,"
said the Countess, patronizingly, "he
"

really does."
glanced with
inquiring smile at Kirby, and then
her quick perception."Ah, I am
saw

an

he

artist?"

afraid there
of

The

perhaps

in the furnishing

blue

the

its brink, the purple hills,


so

full of

replied, with
assent, "I am
only an
you

of
the

sea,

he

see

light."
head

artist;

more."

"Ah, well !" she said,with that gentle


that had

create

its power.

is to

"Art

the beautiful;is it not

so?"

"Exactly so," said Basil Kirby, "a


effort in
noble thing. It is the human
perfect definition."
"

"Ah,

nun

is nothing

in

bent

"

will

you

glorious view

at that

blue sky that is

"Madam,"

manner

you

"An

city on

our

the burned-

notice

in the foreground

Mediterranean,

white

is

artist's interest in

an

will not

be looking out
the

of her

uses

You

mimosa

up

stantly
inand

was

nun

was

at it.

then

we

think

alike !

Now, in the
have
not paid much
foreground, so much

artist's

in

some

ways

here

convent

attention
of

to

we

the

thought,

our

with

taken

please an
am
'nunnery'
up
the corridor,
walls, the rooms,
directingthe children to look beyond."
The
the garden and the palms
few times.
nodded
The man
a
^yes!
world
of
seemed
to
have
voice
But, Mr. Kirby, is it not true that the
a
gentle
table should not be in the middle of the
meaning in it.
floor and
the chairs
round
"Sant' Isolda is beautiful," he said.
it, six
"It is unlike any other place."
books, six chairs? And this fruit made
sands"
thouof feathers under the glass shade ! Oh,
"There
The
smiled.
are
nun
look out
And
don't say you have not suffered!
of places like this. We
be funny
St. George and the Dragon up there in
into the light. And there may
wool
I am
little blots in the foreground," and she
work,-^did it afflict you?
the
did."
glassquite sure it
glanced playfully towards
shade
of flowers.
all laughing very
They were
antly
pleasall Greek to the Countess ; and
It was
by this time.
to
answer
what
knew
"Oh, but you are droll! You are full Kirby never
needed.
of es'pHtr cried the Countess, with the
for
ever
answ^er
was
make,
no
in
was
^the little Chesska
Francesca
largestlump of cake in her hand. "You
have second-sight."
the room,
pervading it with a lively
taste!

to

afraid, has

been

The

"

"

"

"

"

And

Kirby

stammered:

"Madam,

criticise nothing. Sant' Isolda is beauti-

presence,
ray

like the coming

of sunshine.

of

sudden

THE

40
Basil Kirby'was

AVE

MARIA

his feet,with his

on

Vignettesand

the use
breath taken away.
What was
of the Countess* talk of features and
all grace and
such details? This girlwas

Views

New

Series.

BY

lifeand sweetness

innocent eyes;
lovinglipsand gloriously
angel from a FilippinoLippi picture

for your
daddy?"
the
says the mother to the child,
youngest of many.
Daddy had

to life.

She made

swinging littlebow

to the

tess,
Reverend Mother, and kissed the Counwith great danger to the old lady's
artificial complexion, no
doubt; for
there

cries of:

were

It's

hot!"

ing
then Kirby was
introduced,seenothing in the whole world but the
FilippinoLippi angel.

And

continued.)

be

(To

you

pray

disappeared in the night. "I


did,"says the three-year-old
baby, with
"I
of
told
God about
sorrow.
big eyes
the bad

"Oh, don't,child,"don't,dearie!
so

c.

II.
ID

an

come

K.

thing with

human

of Ireland.

Black

and

but many
Between

thousands
six and

from

seven

Nocte

ad
J.

BY

^AGLE,

soaring toward
heavenward,

me

the

beating wings

Poise Thy
Lift

MILLER.

CORSON

so

sun,

for

men
Irish-

camps

land,
of Ire-

Hind, whose

tireless feet

the silver shoes

With

Pause, that
Limned

Where

I may

the White

And

the

Shall

meek

I seek my

Fashioned

Thy face;
is God.

from

builds her

Dove

England.

lays

laurel

who

made

gone

to

Him

or

These

nest.

down.

crown.

the GrifRn's breast.

trail the

Still the Hare


With

Soul
sleeping"

and

Past
Palm
Where

the Rivers

undefiled.

the Gates
and
Three

Vine

Four
of

Crosses

Yea, the rich Stream


From

that flow

Paradise,

and

Olive rise,
stand

a-row.

gushes

he
no

professional
kept for

was

idea from

warm

the Pelican's red Side,

As the Tall Ship takes the tide.


Riding high above the storm.

first

killed

on

shut up

and years, were


there without
accusation or trial. The prisoniers

who
'Twixt

was

lawyer; and

for months

speeds to the goal.

the Phoenix

wire. He

the way.
In the prisons,half the men,

Serpent, Dragon wild,


may

sent
why he was
there.
To a happy home, in the middle
of the night, the loud knock and the
Such
arrests
were
lorry had come.
made
at
always
night; and the victim,
had to disappear on the lorry into the
he was
dark, not knowing whether
bound
for a prison or an internment
whether
he might be flung
or
camp,
out

Fox

the extempore prayer


was
of the enclosures of huts

one

six months, having


to last of the reason

shod

are

scan

Lamb

prisons of Ireland and


father of the littlechild

man,

of grace;

beauty which

in

the

and barbed

Light through Love's communion.

children.,

The

me;

see

the

and

^ternam.

Lucem

the bad

thousand

filledthe internment
Ex

and

Tans

pleecemen and the bad sojers."


So we may
be sure
one
protestwent
straightto Heaven against the state of
things in Ireland; and not one
only,

had

been

tried

and

sentenced,

against all the usage

of war, were
put
into criminal dress and treated in every
Not only
malefactors.
as
common
way
could

any

man

or

woman

in Ireland

be

taken, but anybody "suspected of


being about to act in a manner
dicial
prejuto the State" could be seized and

deported

to

Ireland,to be condemned

THE
in

martial law had been

district where

AVE

proclaimed.
in Irish towns

the houses

At

thatched

in

cabins

the

the

or

country

lanes,

military lorry stopped in the


night and any victim of
reprisal (connected with Sinn Fein or
dragged from his home, the
not) was
he was
whether
family did not know
going to prison or to death. We asked
the

when

of the

middle

whose

widow,

husband

had

struggle to

die with them.

back

of two

fought

in the

struggled, all
and
been

fearful

nothing

over

and

mothers

spoke
and

had
volvers
re-

don't

papers

the

to let their

not

to death

out

"The
"But

to

or

wrists

the

men.

tell it,"she said.

men

lady who

The

tried to hold

the

save

Jmve

v/omen

be dragged

men

night. They
Ireland, the
"

have
wives

sisters.

There

have

the

papers

say

scenes

Internment

to tlieir

as

good name,
of the largest,rumor
some
a bad. In one
of hardship; but
told of flagrant cases
there

was

huts

army

barricades.

Even

of protest

cry

certain

and

wire

barbed

during the truce


from

came

surf-beaten

southwestern

redress in that shut-a^^ay

no

of

world

had

coast.

the

ot
the prisoi:)s

islands

off

Disclosures

the
were

spite of officialism. As if with


the
sudden
saw
a
searchlight, one
prison yard and the helpless crowd

made

in

driven hither

and thither with

bayonets and

blows.

ing
threaten-

There

could

officer stamps

an

in reverent

helplessmen

in

feel to

prayer

the quick the open disrespectoffered


their religion;and they find means
send

out

that insult in the


for

and

Turn

to

letter that cries

same

justiceagainst

common

blows

to

desperate protest against

unmerited

wounds.

the light on

town-hall

Galway

during the winter, and

we

what

see

prisonment
im-

in a plague-spot of
Opposite a forbidding
dead-wall we
to a building where
come
a
to
notice, roughly daubed, warns
us
to
side of the road.
our
keep
own
By
is allowed to
military order, "no one
within nine feet of this building."
come
About a hundred men
herded there
were
not long ago, with no heating except in
the cooking room,
and with scant food,
making a good meal depend on the parcels
meant

ill-treatment.

in.

sent

differed

camps
some

when

with his hat on, and walks about smoking


and spitting upon
the floor. The

of all that."

treatment;

41

bitterness

shot

been

by "auxiliaries" outside her drawingthat the women


room
door, how it was
did not

MARIA

scabies

The

spread

and

from

packed
then

issued

without

held, evidence
All
At

irrevocably.
prison hall

was

local singers

dently
evi-

blankets,

army

and

war

disinfection.
of misery

was

At

the

court-martials

gathered, prisoners
done secretlyand

the

other

end

of

the

the little stage where

once

small concert
Near

was

called

came

since the

room," where

sentenced.

old

of this den

officers'
were

disease

to breed

away

end

one

the

disease

these unfortunate

among

Vermin

men.

skin

for charities to

sang

audience.

the stage

was

the

green-room;

there, in these altered times, the


allowed to hear confessions
priest who was
In
the prisoners one by one.
saw
and

violence,unless it was
a planned attempt to provoke riot.
the true Irish heart there is a boundless
Again, let us look in upon these men
confidence in the priest as the represenat evening, before early "Lights out!"
tative
of
his
ill-fed
his
He
all
Master.
it
has
been
comes
as
an
accounts,
By
with
Lord
and
is
be
would
ing
breathbroken by
to
the night
day,
come,
courage
his presence,
raids
soldiers
from
of
armed
guidance and
tramping
The
through the huts.
sympathy in his voice, the dispenser
prisoners are
of the divine forgiveness, the breaker of
kneeling in a large hut for the Rosary.
the Bread of Life, the cUvStodian of the
It seems
the last drop in their cup of

be

no

reason

for

"

THE

taiy

the

into

are

likelythe

were

the

and the

Tans

and

boy is rescued. Most

drunk; for

moni,ent's

room.

the Black

sculile with

AVE

and

notoriously intemperate, and


raided, looted, took prisoners and shot
tan

were

them, in. the

of

midst

drunken

the prese"hce of khaki

Sometimes

protection; some

regiments

neighbors,

the

the

43
nature

very

keep

of the

; most

local R.

some

of the war,

I.

homes.

names

to

of the

known

are

to

C, and, except during


seldom slept in their

truce, they have


own

bound

of sight of the Forces

out

Crov/n

toilurers

in black

men

MARIA

"Is

back?"

he

the

was

bouts.

firstquestion of the assistant sei-vingus

was

in

good

were

in

But

in.

shop
"He

when

atnother customer
he is home,"

is,then,
"

comfortably-dressed

came

said the

happy,
looking?"
"Well, he looks a bit thinner, but it will
harm."
do him
no
"Ah, that's only
with moving about!"
and Tans.
In an
The "auxiliaries" were
certainly no
empty corner
shop of a great
better, and yet they were
supposed to
city,we talked with two brothers who
be, each one, "an officer and a man"
gentle- had not only been prisoners but had
who had fought and commanded
through a hunger strike. Finely
gone
in the war.
In the barrack of a certain
of them
built men
one
they were,
haps
perof those officers and gentlea littlehollow-cheeked.
men
city;some
They were
of
beat and bruised with rifle butts
crates
working away
gaily among
had been
wretched
who
to get a home
man
flung eggs, earning money
a
the stone floor; and, to keep him
together again for the old folks, the
upon
"an
officer
four
others
:"ach
crippledbrother, and the sister,. These
secure,
two
two
and a gentleman"
stood upon
the
had been amongst
the large
men
of

some

reverse.

the

"shootings up"
and burnings and reprisals,
the military
were
as
deeply disgraced as the Black
many

of tow^ls

smiling.
"

"And

woman,

how

is he

"

"

"

"

"

and the two

hands

feet.

More

than

one

number

who

unhappy prisonershad his fingeri.ails twisted nearly off,to obtain infori^iation. And there were
whispers of
the applying of hot iron under the arms,
dence
also in a barrack.
The giver of evibe called for at
might himself

Wormwood

night, with the loud knock while the


lorry waited in the dark outside ; so not

hymns

of the

only
the

in the
press,

under

Parliament
but

among

almost

was

did not

truce

doors.

Some

and

camps,

the

arrest.

ment
intern-

forty members

said

to

It

means

the guerilla warfare

'

nee

evading

that the soldiers of


are

normally, by

and

the

at

Irish crowds

well-known

sang

the famous

encourage

ground

open
some

Soldiers' Song,
in their endurance.

men

And

Fein

here
who

men

two

are

were

Nineteen

we

Rosary

and

of the Sinn

less
did give safety to countHundreds
had
of the I. R. A.

furtive

the

demonstration.

we

the

Scrubbs,

knelt, prayed and


They
spiteof insult and rough usage,
sang,
the
till the
police interfered with

been refused.

does not

On

in

have

wc:!

"

criminals.

to be released

The

Wormwood

at

London, refusing food, to


draw public attention to the wrong
that
was
being done in the prisons, where
treated
like
politicalprisoners were

had

"on the run."

imply

from

truce

men

been

complete.
the prison

about

negotiation would

But

in

people held

unlock
back

came

of the Dail Eireann


or

and

reign of terror, the suppression

of the truth

The

chamber
the

fasted

Scrubbs,

within.

"nothing
days, they tell us,
there ;
The chaplain was
often
had Holy Communion
as
as
asked.
broke down
.We did, we

but water

"

"

the doors of the cells. The


that they told

dying

us

some

and, if they

were

reason

of the boys

dying, we

was
were

had

to get to them."

The

home

of this family had been the

THE

44

house

door. There

next

shop and
,

they had

comfortable

AVE

MARIA

good

instead

rooms,

of the empty

place where we saw them.


happened was this. No pledge was
on
leaving
given by any of those men
carried in
v.ere
prison; most of them
ambulances
to hospital. On regaining
of them took their place
strength,many

BY

Little Miracle.

J.

F.

SCIIOLFIELD.

What

in

the

I.

R.

did

So

A.

these

Then

absent

came

At

men.

and

father

point, the

the

notice

moment's

all to

would

the

no

to

doubt
Old

somewhat

feeble

solitarylodging, "there
"

am

is

failure."

Elsworthy, who had died


before,had been a gi'ocer
with a very fair business in the provincial
town.
Unluckily,he had ambitions
for his only son,
who
might have
followed his father's callingwith some
ability;and, on the boy's leaving the
town

years

school

grammar

of having "a head

with
for

through

an

the

tion
reputa-

the
figures,"

to

him,

secure

influential customer,

in the local branch

and

sat down

John

twerity

them

home

his

the

elder Elsworthy managed

Hardly

sons.

given

was

out, and

clear

fire in

doubt," said
to himself,

no

Els worthy

he lit a pipe and

as

revolver's

mother

not be traitors to their

is

Peter
before

the

HERE

two

Lady Day in
August (the feast of the Assumption)
Tans
1920.
Military and Black ^nd
wild
went
in
career
through
together
the principalstreets of that city.It was
mercilesslyshot-up, and several houses
set on fire. A lorry stopped outside the
store where
the old parents, the sister,
lived. The
and the crippled brother
whole family refused information about
brothers.

I.

ship
clerk-

of the Loam-

shire

County Banking Co., Limited.


Peter had really been the reverse
of
at school,though hard plodsuccess
a
ding
had enabled him to keep a fairly
place in his classes. But he
average
a^i absolute failure at every kind
was

destroyed with
everything in it was
petroland flame. The energeticmother
began business in an empty shanty of a
corner
shop next door.
"We got into the house across
there,"
the daughter told us, "and I didn't know
of game,
which partly resulted from an
the Black and Tans
were
following me
undoubtedly delicate constitution,butv
asked
where
upstairs. They
my
from
the lonely life,with little
more
'I don't know,' says
brothers were;
I, touch of sympathy, that he led at home.
'and if I knew, I wouldn't tell you.'
Old John
was
a
'-'widow-man," in the
"

'Are

you

Sinn

Fene, too?'

'That's not

the way
'It's not Sinn Fene:
Was

there

calmly given

local parlance ; and, outside of his business,

it,'says I.
it's Shinn Fayn.'

he had

no

friends.

As

for relatives,

"

ever

be

one.

to say

Gaelic

at such
(To

says

lesson

so

av/ful crisis?

an

continued.)

Peter had

vaguely heard of some


Australian
all.
cousins, and that was
The old man
never
entertained,and his
had an invitation to
son
scarcely ever
another house.
In the bank, he speedily
'

Thought.

became

docketed

authorities

in the

mind

of the

as
scrupulously honest,
without
initiative or
obliging,
quite
"3tH!littlewe know what the years will bring.
of discharging any
capability
position
in the grey
As to-day merges
morrow;
brain
of
or
requiring
quickness
power
call our
The present is all we
can
own,
J
of
with
other
men.
dealing
trouble borrow?
So why should we
So the years
passed on, and Peter
The
Master
who
holds the chalice of life
Will sweeten
with love the sorrow.
one
saw
junior after another promoted
BY

S, M.

R.

"

AVE

THE

MARIA

45

most did not


know
even
doctor
a
or
head, while he stilltoiled at alHe was
the lowest
clergyman professionally.
never
step of the banking
ill; and his only church-going was
ladder. His father,whose business had
his

over

from

received its death-blow

large

his

opened, during

store

years, on the opposite side of the street,


left Peter all his savings,which brought
in

income

annual

an

of

hundred

and

operativenow
co-

last

and

then

Benediction

to

Aloysius' parish church,


from

where

He

.at St.

few

streets

he lived.

Catholic, though his


lic
a north-country Cathostock. Unfortunately, she had been
brought up by distant relatives (having
lost, except one
sister,all her near
kith and kin), and these proved to be
practicallywithout any religion. She
had married
John
Elsworthy, already
in advanced
middle-age, and had given
not

was

mother

of

came

fiftypounds; and by the sale of the


premises another twenty pounds a year
secured ; so that,livingas he did in
was
utter retirement, he was
comfortable
enough.
But one
morning the rubicund, prosperous
had- sent for him,
bank manager
him
child before her last illness
lame prefatory remarks
one
and, with some
her. Then the traditions of
and the necescame
to growing expenses
sity
as
upon
formed her childhood
the staff,had inseemed
to awaken, and
of cutting down
she begged her nurse
him
that the County Banking
to send for one of
Co.
no
band,
longer required his services the clergy of St. Aloysius'. Her husMethodist but out of all
from that day month ; but that, in view
a nominal
with
his
of his long service,the directors,in lieu touch
denomination, was
of a pension, had granted him the sum
pleased with the unremitting attention
of the priest,who
of "200 down.
restored his wife to
Catholic communion
The sting of all this lay principallyin
and gave
her the
had himself
the fact that the manager
entered the service of the bank on the

day

same

they had
"I

am

months
Peter, and for some
worked
side by side.
the
thirty-seven,"ruminated

as

"and

solitaryman,

of
what

After this month,


It
myself?"
question than
He

him.

courtesy ; his

scant

had

passed

their

own

on

to

barrier

it had

with
The

any

whom

younger

him

with

contemporaries

higher posts, and had

social circles that

were

not

be

faith, and, principally for

her

sake,

welcome.

He

subtle

fragrance from the censer


and aisles. Moreover,
stealingthrough nave
the music was
beautiful,and Peter
cherished
secret
a
passion for good
music.
Besides all this,one or two men
of the congregation had
occasionally
given him
a
kindly greeting at the
church

door.

Protestant
in

closed

and chief cashier


the manager
He had shrunk
frankly ignored him.
from
joining a club, feeling that he

probably

his mother's

the

been

to him;

would

about

fore
be-

had

to' treat
own

later.

years

the boy knew

hrs

made

day by day.

few

But

reply.
fault, as

those

inclined

were

school

liked to go now
and then to the big,
crowded
church, with its great marble
high altar a-gleam with many
and
lights,

^from making

among

even

he worked
men

him

influence could

the

to

the old man;

and

hindered

friends

had

That

him

between

; but no

to enter
persuade himself even
St.
allow
Aloysius',or to,
Peter to attend
a
newly-established Catholic secondary

ask

mother

dimly-remembered

also

am

to find the

one.

I to do with

easier

was

sensitive to

was

to any

use

no

Last Sacraments

should feel

Catholic

entered

never

himself
the

It seemed

priests.

littleof

head

to the rector
If it

the

to
or

had, he would

thought

sider
out-

an

surroundings; but

Peter's

known

dismissed

so

strange that

it

make
any

of

have

peremptorily.

THE

46
He

welcome

was

only

prove

to be

and

nowhere
a

AVE
would

nuisance.

MARIA
"I'm

I'm very

sure

glad

somewhat

the

said

to

you,"

see

flustered

Peter.

interv "Your mother must be my late mother's


gloomy ruminating was
sister."
rupted by a knock at the door, which
of good Mrs.
"You have hit it the first time. Cousin
heralded
the entrance
who
for
Peter, both daughters of our common
many
Jones, his landlady
years,
chester."
Corby of Manwas
sincerelytroubled about her lodger. grandfather, James
She liked and respected him. "He's that
"Frank," remonstrated
Ursula, with
quiet,and gives no trouble,and acts the
character
the
"our cousin is
pretended annoyance,
gentleman always," was
in the family
of him to her neighbor, Mrs.
she gave
likely to be more
up
Robson, whose experience as a landlady genealogy than you."
"Ursula my
was
dear," said her brother,
sadly dissimilar.
credentials of
but setting our
"If you please, M^*. Elsworthy, sir, "I am
Cousin
Peter.
there's a young
lady and gentleman
respectability before
of
postors
imnot
does
for
How
he
know
name
Broughton.
we
are
asking
you
them?"
to
?"
see
Will you please
Jones.
I
Peter laughed. "My good cousins, you
"I
must, Mrs.
suppose
upstairs."
passport to confidence" in
Kindly ask them to come
carry
your
heard
order a small
let me
ascending
faces.
Now
were
Vigorous steps
your
His

"

"

the stair,and Mrs. Jones ushered in two


had
Peter
whom
people upon
young

Jones ; and you must


I believe I
spend the evening with me.
Mrs.

from

supper

son
before set eyes, and at whose reacan
easilyput you up."
not
him
he
could
motely
re"Not
at all,Cousin
for visiting
Peter," declared
a broadFrank.
"That is not the present programme,
guess. One of them was

never

shouldered

man,

young

fullysix feet two

in height, with curly light brown


rather
a
and
clear hazel eyes,

though

hair
wide

We
ones

thank

we

have

rooms

fully.
grate-

you

decent

very

Hotel; dinner

at the Midland

"

"

is

and perfect teeth.


served in that palatial establishment
from seven
o'clock until nine; and you
sister,a year or two
his
of
inches
to
and
be
some
are
our
lacking
guest,if you will. I speak
younger,
and
even
with accuracy;
do I not, Ursula?"
remarkably
height, was
The
tionship "That is so," said the girl. "It will
relaamusingly like her brother.
with us,
be just lovely to have you
would have been obvious in a

mouth, good

nose,

other, his

The

crowd.

Cousin.

"Excuse

us,

Cousin

ducing
Peter, for intro-

ourselves unceremoniously. I am
Francis Corby Broughton, of Wallaroo

Creek, Victoria, Australia; and this is


sister,Ursula Corby Broughton, of

my

the
or

address.

same
we

were

few

We
hours

are

in London

ago

"

with

"

our

parents, who have at last managed a


they call 'home.'
holiday at what
Knowing we had a relative (we have
few anywhere) in this city, we
very
made
are

bold to try and

look you up.


We
delightedto have found you, Cousin

Peter."

We

shall have

talk about.
coat

and

he

get

wish

refuse,

not

do

to

Australian

cousins

everyone

the Midland?"
do not,
along as
"

your

know

he

wear
we

you

worthy
when

are

him

that

as

dress for dinner at


asked.

their 'glad rags,'many


of the many.
So come
Cousin

are,

Mrs.
you

breezy

somehow,

had,

something within
yet he could not diagnose.

"Some

and

indeed

nor

These

so.

wakened

"Doesn't

hat

your

with us."

come

could

Peter

did

Please

endless things to

Jones

Peter; and tell


that you

will be back."

don't

THE
he entered

As

the sumptuous

of the big hotel,Peter

room

adventuring into a
It was
delightful world.
he

was

MARIA

dining

felt

new

AVE

as

4n

good sort." -Both cousins had enjoyed


hearing him talk. Both wanted to see

if

but very

"Am

of him.

more

I the

same

man

that

Bank

this

impossible,
too, for him to feel either shy or fearful
of rebuff with these merry-hearted and
cordial relatives who
had
suddenly
from
nowhere.
The
dinner
appeared
of
the
was
worthy
companionship.
Peter unbent as he had never
done, and
aflforded quite as much
pleasure as he

walked

of the

out

afternoon ?" asked


Then

there

County

of himself.

Peter

another

was

strange

tives,
thing. These robust, up-to-date relaCommonwealth
of
of
the
typical
which they were
devoted children,were
downright practisingCatholics. It was
natural enough, of course
; his mother's
received. He asked much as to Wallaroo
left
sister,when the two were
younger
Creek and its prosperous
other
had
been
inhabitants, parentless,
adopted by
and showed, quiteunconsciously,that he
to it that she was
friends, who
saw
well up
in Australian
was
affairs. carefullytrained in her religion.Still,
it did seem
Equally without intention,something of
strange to Peter that Frank
the story of his own
drab life,and the
should have talked of going to Mass in
of
fact
his
in which he would
the businesslike way
present
positiofi,was
revealed to his companions.
have talked of catching a train. Clearly,
the religion these young
"They were
scallawags to fire you,
people professed
was
no
mere
Peter," said Frank, as they sat over
accident,but woven
into the whole texture of their lives.
coffee,liqueurs,and cigarettes in the
So full of the subject.
hotel lounge. "But it is a jolly good
Peter that
was
next
You
the
too
he
into
much
for
a
rear
thing.
are
crept
morning
a
good
bank
seat at St. Aloysius'shortlybefore halfclerk. Look
here:
when
your
month
is up, join us in London.
His
increased.
wonder
We
past seven.
go
to Paris and the Riviera next week, but
Frank
and Ursula were
kneeling near
shall be back within a month.
of the confessionals,and he saw
one
Why not
come

with

Peter
me,"

laughed.
him

on

bit of it,man

sort when

to

"An

old fossil like

of the obvious

one

Firank smote
"Not

both brother

us?"

see

with

"Now,

us

failures."

I know

good

to-morrow

and

up

time.
them

into the box

sister go

minutes, and

three

or

go

it."

as

two

the shoulder.

"Yes," interposed Ursula, "do come


London, Peter, and tiy to fix up the

voyage

for

to the

He

after Mass

rail at the Communion


too

was

shy

he hurried

; so

quently
subse-

to

join

out

of

the church, and appeared at the hotel


if he had
from
the
as
come
^straight
house

of

I^rs.Jones.

well."

II.

morning

are
that day that
It was
you
Better say half-past there was
something strange about
eight. I saw that there is a Mass at St. Peter Elsworthy. He was as courteous
Aloysius'at half-pastseve", which will as ever, and scarcelyless retiring; but

felt at the bank

breakfastinghere.

just suit

and this child Ursula, if


me,
about
there was
she is.not too tired. I wish yeu hadn't
and ail ease
of
to go so soon.
So long, Peter!
morrow
Till toHe
new.

morning!"
Peter walked

back to his lodgings in a


curious state of excitement.
This young-

Australian giant,redolent of everything


athletic and powerful, found him
"a

some

fresh

him

an

manner

power

himself
had

independence
that
even
come

was

gether
alto-

felt that
into his

succeeding days
he astonished the head cashier by his
masterly manipulation of some confused
That
accounts.
functionary,in fact,
work,

and

on

this and

THE

48
said to the manager
the bank :

AVE
left

the day Peter

MARIA
any

than

better

London

was

city life

not very

home?

at

familiar,though

and then.
"I'm not sure, sir,if we are not losing he had stayed there now
t
thing
Somethe
Under
of
the
valuable
in
Elsworthy.
man
auspices
a
Broughtons,
to a much
more
has happened to bring him out; however, he came
and he has done the Company excellent intimate knowledge of his own
mighty
service this month."

capital. Varicfus

"Pity the 'something'didn't happen


sooner,"grunted the manager.

them

an

introductions

entr'ee here

fairlyastonished

an^

Peter.

Wiere

Mr.

gave

that

ton
Brough-

well representedthe genuine democratic


The followingmorning Peter went up
received joyouslyby
to London, and was
spiritthat asks,not what a man's
and Ursula, and most
Frank
cordially ancestors were, but what he is and what

by their parents,at the Hotel Cecil. His


to be "on his own"
idea was
during his
of Mr.
soul
but
the
hospitable
stay ;
Broughton, the wealthy sheep farmer,
would not listen to such a suggestion.
Nephew Peter was to be his guest,and
all to have the time of their
they were
lives for the next fortnight.Then Peter
he
must
seriously consider whether
"

would
home

not

cross

the

ocean

and make

his

in Australia.

he

can
do; and while, of course, his
large income bulked in the eyes of
people of a lower moral and intellectual

type, there

were

not

few

old aristocratic

houses

that opened their doors


gladly in recognitionof his character,
and the positionthese had
his ability,
for him in the Dominion
won
overseas.

One

side of London

life
"

^the ecclesiastical

had hitherto,naturally,been a
sealed book to Peter.
gan
This, too, be"

to open to his surprisedvision. He


life seemed opening up before
Day by day he accumulated fresh fell in love with the Byzantine glories
of Westminster
Cathedral.
He accompanied
experiences,and with them gained such
tions
his relatives to Farm
confidence in outlook,and in his relaStreet,the
to his fellowmen, that his very
Oratory, and other churches of note;
unwonted
an
at
developed
day to the Carmelite convent
nity. one
digappearance
He was
not a bad-looking man;
Mr.
and
Mrs.
Notting Hill, which
of middle Height, with dark hair and
Broughton had a specialdesire to visit,
their eldest daughter being one
of St.
eyebrows, clean-shaven,friendly grey
that
closed
and
somewhat
Teresa's
chosen
lips
children; another day
eyes,
to a
tightly.
reception at the Archbishop's
that at least House, where
He had no doubt now
Peter genuflected and
with these Australian kinsfolk he was
kissed the Cardinal's ring like any child
outsider. Yet when
he was
no
He ought to have felt
alone, of the Church.
at night, the old sense
of a
rank outsider,he supposed, but he
a
especially
would come
missed career
back in all its could not manage
to do so.
On saying
He
was
of
pain and bewilderment.
the
kind
an
to
Mrs. Broughsomething
ton,
utter failure; for the moment
these
that far-seeing and sympathetic
kindly and charming relatives had lifted lady assured him that she was not surprised;
him out of the rut of depression;
but
he was,
after all,of Catholic
he to any one?
what
good was
And
stock on one side; and there were
his
A

new

him.

what

was

his future to be?

He

was

too

mother's

praters,which

no

doubt

had

old,and had not the requisitephysical been offered for him these many
years.
stamina, for the strenuous life of an
"Now, Nephew
Peter," she said,
Australian
up-country station. And
"you've had no conscious religionall
life
there, ^how could it be your life. You've got it at last. Take
city
"

"
^

AVE

THE
advice:

my

evening,ask for

this

Street

Farm

to

go

MARIA

cousin

Peter

relatives had

his

affection.

sincere

very

thought

Elsworthy
developed into

liking between

It Ibecanie

settledthing that he should

go

"If I

out with

to the

them

Antipodes, and less than a,


the
to London
after he came

month
whole

party

liner.

Funnel

embarked

were

The

voyage

on
was

'

another

board, and he was universally


people
liked by his fellow-passengers. It was
that
said
in
the
room
smoking
"Elsworthy is a nice, well-informed
chap, and is gettingto play a very decent
took a pleased
hand at bridge." He even
and modest part in the games
on
deck,
and altogether found
quiet happiness
in mixing with his fellow-travellers.
On
arriving at Melbourne, after a
couple of days at a luxurious hotel, the
Broughtons insisted on carrying Peter
off to Wallaroo
Creek, where he made
on

frid,
of the eldest son, Wilh^id been keeping everything

the acquaintance
who

order

working
in

absence

Europe.

during his father'^


In fact, he was*

practicallyhis father's partner. Three


and
of the family
other members
a son
two
married, and
daughters were
"

"

settled

different

in

of

parts

the

frid
Wil-

sympathy,

while, and then said :


Peter, I should make
you,

with

retreat

the

Jesuit

to unravel
Fathers.
They are the men
And
tangles like yours.
they have sr.
wonderful way
of putting both temporal'

have

great experience for the ex-bank clerk.


There
good many
were
pleasant
a

in

attentive

and eternal matters

Blue

he to

was

were

week's

What

the

on

in the world ?

use

any

listened with

III.

and

opened

do, to be of

the English

"

out somewhat

subject of his future.

get the thing settled right away."


^And that is exactly what he did.
The

"mount"

gentle, manageable

of the Fathers, and

one

49

found

in order for

remembered

Peter

had

mother

one.

that for myself."


told

Wilfrid's;

how

him

that

her

eldest,

before, had had his life,


it seemed, all broken by the death of
as
the girlto whom
he was
engaged. "We^
thought Wilfrid would go all to pieces
such a splendid girl, but
Madge was
he went
straight to the Fathers, long;
and when
he came*
journey as it was;
back, he took up the work here as if"
there
had been not a day's break for'
ten

son,

years

"

"

him.

You

what

see

he

is to us, Peter,"'

"But
he will':
Broughton.
never
marry."
As
they- rode slowly home, Wilfrid:
said earnestly: "Don't let yourself dwell
the past, Peter.
on
And, above all,
don't write yourself down
a failure. No
fellow can
be a failure who keeps his
head up and goes straighton."
that Peter took- his
The
upshot was
cousin's advice. He found exactly what

said

Mrs:

wanted.

he

He

was

handicap need

Dominion.

told that
make

us

no

parent
ap-

lose the

that
for the
race
matters; as
one
Broughton became
future, it would probably become clear
about
close friends quickly. They were
to its close.
to him as the retreat drew
the
of an age
(Frank and Ursula were
And
now
a strange thing happened.
babies of the family) and had various
tastes in common.
Wilfrid was
a
big, Peter had sought his retreat director on

and

Peter

Wilfrid

powerful

with

man,

great

business

capacity, and a fine horseman, who


had, nevertheless,a mind that turned
instinctivelyto intellectual interests.

He

was

vervid

stalwart

long ride

"

Peter

Catholic and

One

looked like

man

of the exercises.
who

has

had

news

He

of

scarcely
spoke calmly
with
and
unhesitating clearness
an
that contrasted strangelywith the Peter

of

per-

day during
being provided with

Australian.

last evening

the

weighty

import that he

yet assimilate.

few months

But

ago.

he

can

THE

hallway and

asked

that

to a certain house

once

from

AVE

priest go

on

street

at

some

the

rectory and almost


in the country, where, she said,a man
distance

a
apartment
*'Yes, Father;

thank

are

minutes

was

to the address

battlingwith the
v.alk

the

of

was

only

of

Vv'hich

road,

railroad

ran

below

mile,

he

by

the

surprise, no
thoroughfare

The

country

feet

twenty

at

side

one

tracks

the

night

the face of the

priestas he stood

lor.elyplace, bewildered
to find the

to turn

to be
being was
he might inquire his way.

for

God

started

of whom

it led him

well beaten, and


After

tracks.

one

of

sick

man

him

he

to the

at

might

Death
He

his

near.

followed

the

left

prayer

early hours

the

priest was

when

came

told him

saw

where

the

that

dying

But who

man

loudly,but

Finding a knob, he
pushed the door open.

was

Yet

Then

no

thing
some-

the place

is

Courage
can

not

Blessed

our

to his humble,

in black that

woman

of

that stormy

the

strongpriest of the
a

one

here

of

comes

us.

to

run

Resignation
it will
it is

and
to

suffer

and

than

old age;

season,

It is better to make

mistakes

the battle.

in

virtue that the young


old

to lose it is to grow

before the time.


thousand

and

it

spare;

reverses

any

while

him, thanking

unanswered.

to be found.

grasped

voice he called out, "I ama


Catholic Church.
Is there

in

dying man?
frequently asked, the question

remained

was

died

railroad

in the darkness

this

told

he

Sacraments.
He

and

response

the

little

that

of the morning,

mercy,

was

and

Though

v/ithin.

the

stillwith

His

he

had

he

said

called at the priest'shouse

for about

deserted

old

from

when

in the bushes

pathway

he

an

needed

hour

Sacraments.

Virgin

answered.

was

the

for

often

Blessed

die without

not

right

shack. Groping his way


to the door, he knocked
response

who

at that dread

hovered

fiftyyards,
to

the

to

remained

priest that

prayer

soul

poor

last

the

follov/ this pathway, spurred


Mother
by the thought that it might finally trusting prayer.

lead him

from

prepared for death,

was

for her

his assistance

telephone

hours, meanwhile

the

gratefully told

to

on

for several

administering

His

time, the

ambulance

him, and

during his lifetime

was

old

the hospitals. Seeing that the


did not have long to live,the

of

alongside the

the

in the

short

an

priest accompanied

cided God
hesitation, he de-

some

called

and

he

the

several

to escape

refuge

for

man

Mother

he saw
forward, when
his right a pathway leading down
railroad
embankment.
The
path

and

taken

dilemma,

to go

for

priest hiirried to the nearest

When
a'

He
peared
ap-

shack.

with

Not

Breathing

in his

assistance

which

man.

seen

Blessed

to the

in that

to

as

dying

human

little prayer

the

strong wind, beat into

had

storm, he had

Leaving the

the

of

bitterly";old,aiid

was
a

lay

told the

He

walked

of nourishment,

v/ant

station

sleet,pelted by

way

his

days along the railroad from another


city,and that afternoon, exhausted for

some

surface

street.
The

And

where

consumption.

priest that he

his

but, to

to be

on

given.

about

visible.

was

in.

come

here!"

to the inner room,

storm

mentioned

street

messenger;

house

please

you

inner

an

answered:

the

his way

reached

God

From
voice

sistants,way
asyoungest
a man
the floor in a dying condition.
call,,
on
immediately
fev/
in a
in the last stages of what
respond, and
was

to

After

me?"

Sec

weak

of the

hearing
prepared

to

Striking a match, the priestmade

friend, the

My

51

\vho wishes

dying.

was

MARIA

"

Van

grow

from

away

is the
in

courage

its

good day when


Dyke.

sand
thou-

own

it

AVE

THE

52

Catholic.

MUitant

The

Dbnis

By

McCarthy.

a.

is not

pugnacity
PERSONAL
militancy. To be
to

eager

non-Catholics

confusion
I

head.
man,

once

of

words

of Our
but

Now,

Catholic

on

this

Lord

"I

not to send

came

controversy

sometimes

may

be

oiit

but in ninety-nine cases

hundred

the controversialist is

fitted
un-

for the job he attempts and the


other
And
there are
role he assumes.

interpretations of Our Lord's words


in keeping with the spiritof the
more
Gospel. We have \vhileon this earth
to fight with our
passions and desires
and motions toward sin. Our militancy
is well employed in combating these
is truly a militant
various evils. A man
Catholic who
bravely carries on this
fight from day to day until the end
'

comes.

In

our

have often to
of those who
who

toward

progress

propose

cross

to

heaven

we

the desires and plans

think they love


us

courses

us

well,but
of

accomplish their desire to leave all


things and follow Him.
member
of a non-Catholic
Again, some
become
interested
in the
family may
wish
to become
Church, and may
a
Catholic.
there
such

action

In

non-Catholic

.families

is usually little sympathy


with
wish.
One may
become
almost

anything religiously,without exciting


lic.
animosity or opposition,except a CathoThat

young

sword."

necessary,

of

to exist

appears

a
public platform, quote in
controversial
militancy the

from

favor

peace

Militant.

Church

heard

with

unerring sign of

an

the

in

membership
Some

is not

ready and

controversy

into

enter

lic
Catho-

MARIA

is not

tolerable:

that

must

be opposed to the uttermost.


The

would-be

finds

convert

for

use

Catholic

militancy in such a situation.


There
will be painful scenes
in that
without
family,
a
doubt; and bitter
things will be said against the Church
and against the person
seeking to enter
it. But
Catholic militancy there will
not consist in answering in the same
spirit,in assuming a hostile attitude.
True
Catholic
militancy will consist
in
human
the
pulse
imfighting down
to give back as good as is sent,
and in strivingto cover
with the mantle
of charity the reproaches of those who
know
not what they do.
The
Catholic life is truly a battle;
but it is not a battle with other people
because
notions
they hold mistaken
about the Church.

That

it at times ; for there


have not encountered

bigot who

may

are

is simply

few

enter

into

of

who

us

the anti-Catholic

"spoiling

be sinful in

for

for the most


part our
fight." But
best to
themselves, are not what seem
coming
struggle is with ourselves, ^the overof
tendencies
to
our
man
own
our
sin;
highest thought. A young
may
enter
the
the
Faith
wish to become
the
in
of
all
ligious
rea priestor
holding to
spite
feel temptations to lead a softer and easier
life. A young
woman
may
herself called to be a nun.
Relatives, life;the rooting out of our own
fections,
imperwant
and the constant building up
through the best of motives, may
of these young
of the Christian life. "Put you
to change the minds
on,"
Lord's words, "I came
Our
St. Paul, "the armor
of God, that
says
persons.
but a sword," are
not to send peace
be able to stand against tbe
you
may
of this kind; for the
verified in cases
deceits of the devil. For our
wrestling
the
is not
run
against flesh and blood; but
eager servants of the Lord must
est
risk of disturbing the closest and dearagainst principalities and
powers,
of family relations and of breaking
against the rulers of the world of this
the closest of family ties in order to
darkness, against the spiritsof wicked-

which, while they

may

not

"

AVE

THE

take

ness

in

unto

you

high places. Wherefore


the armor
of God, that

may

be

able to resist in the evil day,

in all things perfect."


overcoming of ourselves is the
chief thing in Catholic militancy. And
in this overcoming of ourselves we
may

The

all the

better

is

There

others.

than

nothing

life. All the

Christian

good Catholic.
move

said

of

one

what

in

have

so

accord

that

not

and

hear

Orleans!

of religion indeed, the only


of religionin the world
"

"

from

observation

under

our

lives

non-Catholic

friends

not

at all

of it. It is not

are

aware

^hen

counts, although

that

all be well-informed

as

to

required: what

are

we

ment
argu-

should

we

amazed

men

Chinee."

amused

once

of Catholics

number

when
in the

counts

So

eminent

Goldwin

scholar

Smith

once

as

gave

the
clusive
con-

proof that he had no idea what


the dogma of the Immaculate
tion
Concephe
attempted
reallymeant, though
to write on the subject. Sir Oliver Lodge,
and the Universe," betrays
in his "Man
like ignorance. Yet this eminent
a
scientist has the hardihood

to attack the

religion! He is
and he evidently
ardent spiritualist,
an
cherishes the conviction that Spiritualism

religion, dogmas

our

be able to give information

in the battle for Catholic truth

long run

learned

many

gion
knowledge of the reliof
of Catholics,despitethe number
adherents and of the books in explanation
extended
of it, is hardly more

with

fect
per-

our

are

its

are

whose

us

among

late Mr.
more

perfect form

facts

there

Yet

by
are," asserting that he had seen an Ursuline
writers, nun saying Mass one afternoon in New

can

claim to have

we

form

having learned anything


Confucianism, the official
cult of the Chinese, would probably be
ashamed
of any
rance.
betrayal of his igno-

the

say."

you

Because

and

in

time

some

you

American

the

loud

Guides.

about

guments
ar-

life of

"What

preaches.

"speaks

the
may

life is not

he

spent

and

men

if his oWn

what

man

had
who
ONE
China without

False

of angels and still than that of the "heathen


the heart of a non-Catholic
distinguished American

tongues of
fail to

ing
convinc-

more

fall flat before

and

convince

and

overcome

Ignorant Teachers

you

to stand

and

53

MARIA

of the Christian

will be the cult of the future.

is the kind of lives Catholics themselves

Sir Oliver's book

dqes not enhance his

but it has no
leading.
reputation as a scientist,
converts
to Spiritualism,
they are militant with themselves, doubt won
many
to be
and dangers of which
the errors
they will not need so much
are

If

with

militant

their non-Catholic

ciates.
asso-

picturesque and
dramatic to lead a good life as it is to
down some
adversary of the Church in
the
a slashingargumentation ; but it is.
It is not

most

so

effective argument we
claim

favor of the Church's

offer in

can

the allegiance

on

of all men.
I do
when

not

I say

think

have

addresses

going

than
ever

too

far

Christian

working people in this

women

attracted

Church

am

that the humble

lives of Catholic

country, of

less than

no

far
all
made

more

the

people

men,

to the

controversial

here.

one

need

not

be learned

in order to

derstand.
un-

They have been pointed out


times without number.
Says a recent
non-Catholic

anonymous

"Through
his book

runs

all the

like

of his beHef

writer:

different parts of
thread the assertion

in the so-called Spiritualistic

phenomena, and of the idea,


less distinctlyexpressed, that
more
or
are
we
living in *a period of religious
awakening,' when thenvorld is waiting
eagerly for

some

announcement

that

shall heal the supposed breach between


what Sir Oliver Lodge calls 'Orthodox

Religion' and

'Orthodox

Science.'

It

54

THE

AVE

MARIA

be

the
greatly doubted whether
be
tained
maincan
effectively
; and the examples of the late Sir
George Stokes and Lord Kelvin, to say
nothing of Continental scholars like M.
Branly and the late Prof. Virchow,
that
us
might be sufficient to assure
Fellow of the Royal
'the average
even
Society,'which is the expression Sir
Oliver Lodge takes as the synonym
of
official
of
'the^ recognized
exponent
been able to
science,'has sometimes
reconcile the profession of Christianity
with active questioning of Nature, and
without treading the middle way
mended
recomby Sir Oliver Lodge.
"Sir Oliver Lodge has made
himself
a great name
as
a skilful experimenter
and a lucid expounder in physical science
; and has proved himself a brilliant
and enthusiastic,if not always a very
a wellsound, mathematician
; but even
in
deserved
of
branch
one
reputation
may

Notes

latter contention

science does not enable

speak

ex

he is not

on

expert.

For

Poincare

Lucien
thinks

cathedra

its

has

its possessor
to
in which

others

the rest, as

said,

every

age

of

far greater importance than


to the eyes

and

the

Oliver

world

seems

to

they appear
of future generations;
is not waiting, as Sir
think, for a voice from

to tell it how
it may
Birmingham
from
and
by taking something
manage
to its creeds
to go on
adding much
believingpretty nearly what it believed
before.
be added, when
Nor, it may
it
"

"

does find itself in need of

new

tion,
revela-

is it likelyto accept the message


All this is wise

and

well said.

of the ignorance and

and

time

our

polemics
it "be

can

truthfullysaid, "Though dead, he


man
yet speaketh," than of Cardinal Newmore

and- Dr. Brownson.

The

former

is

of his
constantly quoted on account
admirable
also a
style. The latter was
master
of the English language, and in
volume

every

of his works

may

be found

like the -subjoined,that

passages

are

quite as timely as if they were^-written


only ycoterday:
"Let us never
forget that the great
itself we
work
want
done is, after all,
r.ot done by men
but by God Himself,
to
seems
as
using or not using men
Him
good; and therefore that always
most
effectual working
will be
our
to
Him
that
He
be
pleased
may
prayer
Himself to act. A singleprayer
offered
in secret
to Almighty
God
by some
devout soul,unknown
to the world, can
effect

than

more

the

most

elaborate

brilliant and

torials.
stirring ediGod
loves the
simple and
humble, and will do anything for them.
The times are fearful,the dangers are
thick and threatening. Let us betake
or

ourselves

to prayer

as

the surest

and

speediestremedy."
Words
welt worthy of remembrance
Who
these.
are
can
question the truth
be realized?
of them, little as it may
betake
"Let us
ourselves to prayer"
.

now,

more

than

an

aftermath

ever.

of

As

Spiritualism."

lived in

have

articles

scientific discoveries

own

M.

Remarks.

Catholic authors

Of few
who

and

stancesthere have
In-

God's

"from

been

of the World

numerous

War,

instances

of

seeming evil still educing

credulity
stance,
enlightened good"; and not the least notable ininclined to think, is the
and educated are constantly occyrring.
we
are
We
have been amazed
at statements
organization of the National Catholic
Welfare
made
Council.
It probably required
and opinions expressed by the
ternationa
scholars above mentioned.
such
some
In his latest
catastrophe as the great inthe
conflict to open
of
book. Sir Oliver Lodge betrays almost
eyes
our
puerilecredulity.
clergy and laity to the absolute
of

men

who

are

clashed

as

THE

AVE

necessity of their united efforts and


energetic work, if the Church
this country

date, mentions
Western
to several

in

to attain the lofty

ever

is hers
Catholic

Denver

The

is

which

stature

stant
con-

by right divine.
Register, of
visit of

the

cent
re-

the

representative of the Council


dioceses in the territoryallotted

to him, and

the

notes

his activities.

ing
attend-

success

pleased to
that several matters, the importance

see

of which
and

has been

We

are

commented

upon

time

again in the Catholic


length being attended to.
the following:

press,

time

placesliave social study clubs meeting


economic
weekly, studying social and
tions,
questext-books
the
and
as
using such
"Civics

by the
Many
touch

Social

the

with

and

books

supplied

by

and

feel

into

the

church

cards

in

the

hotels, tellingthe location of the


church, and stating the time of Mass.

and

nearest

Union

promises

to

be

peoples
lasting,in

strong and

spite of all indications

to the

contrary.

Close

politicalrelations exist between

the

Czecho-Slovak

Governments;

and

and

number

of

literature

In

the

coming to
prisons, hospitals, and
papers

"

parts of the country,


that
may

well

one

appeals

for

books, magazines,

"

we

from

us

State

homes

in

all

led to believe

are

charitable activitywhich
to"a specific
ganization
or-

be committed
in each

diocese is the supplying

of such

literature to every
tion
instituof the kind mentioned
to be found

within

its borders.

and
these

Jugo-Slav
relations

are

There

question that there is an


Catholic reading matter

be

can

no

abundance

of

available

for

all that is
this very
laudable purpose:
needed is a staff of collectors and distributors

Slav

the

among

the

From

get in
parish,

looking after them


they are
among
of helping the newcomers

Jews.

of

social programme.

the

Council.

which

cent

per

that

method

placing

are

Welfare

committees

welcome

Another
is

Question"

strangers coming

they will

friends.

depots

have

them

that

These
Catholic

National
cities

bidding
so

of

Catechism."

three

Catholic

Some

"Catechism

and

55

of 400 members
Jugo-Slav Parliament
there are 60 Communists, and 70 Croat
Deputies of the Radic Party who take
no
part in parliamentary activity. The
Catholics are
organized in the Popular
It is repParty (Pucka Stranka).
resented
27
as
by as many
Deputies, of
whom
9 are
Croats, 15 Slovenes, and 3
Croats from
Backa; all of them being
solidlyunited on the same
religiousand

ness
Wit-

at

are

MARIA

it
through whom
the willing owners

passed

from

eager

inmates

Zealous

of

energy

the

may

be

to the

institutions.

the part of diocesan

on

societies already in

existence

speedily systematize such work,

should
to the

unfortunate members
being strengthened by Catholic political great benefit of many
in
both
countries.
Church.
of
Mother
parties
Jugo-Slavia
has
a
population of something like
The last,lingeringdoubt in anybody's
11,000,000 ;
9,546,000
Jugo-Slavs,"
divided into 8,524,000 Croats and
and

1,022,000

besides

Slovenes.

There

Serbs,
are

nation190,000 Slavs of other alities;


and in addition some
508,000

mind

as

that

occurred
was

moves

or

dispelledby something

be

should

It

the world

to whether

not

while
at

ago

up

convention

gan.
in Michi-

of the

of the
Some
in Detroit.
Methodists
banians,
Germans, 494,000 Magyars, 479,000 Alelders indulged in the
bishops and
175,000 Rumanians, and 9500
less violent,
or
more
tirades,
the
Italians.
the religious side,
customary
On
Catholic
Church,
Roman
is: Orthodox,against the
streng-thof the denominations
47
blaming it for almost everything that
5,454,000
cent, or
per
world, and
is amiss
in this naughty
Catholics, 39 per cent, or 4,475,000
and
priestsfor
bishops
our
11
denouncing
Mahometans,
per cent, or 1,343,000

56

THE

doing

many

things and

wrong

good things undone.

many

their
their

minds

consciences

AVE

leaving
thus

For

lieving
re-

unburdening
speakers were

and
the

loudly applauded; but

informed

are

we

of the bishops made


that when
a
one
contemptuous reference to the Pope, the
:audience
groaned inwardly, as only

:Methodists
which

followed

'moved
'One

; and

can

to

mild-mannered

of

the

more

no

of

permitted

that the bishop

worked

the

out

Protestantism

boasted

to

Reformation,

its logical conclusion.

is doomed

to

was

disintegration,
States,

in England, in the United

'"a bit provincial."


So it is coming to be considered

rude,

and

everywhere else.

illiberal among
Methoour
the
to cast reflection on

narrow,

the attitude in tion


questhan a legitimate offspring

to say,

were

of disapproval.

Brother

of St. Paul's.

Dean

Needless
is

them

of

words

^himself to remark

his fellows who


resemble
him, takes the
for
sceptical attitude to-day in England
don't see only that in a book
granted. You
as
insignificantas this; you see it in everything
which
is written
who
by everyone
"counts"
outside the small Catholic body in
You
Britain.
it in Wells, you
it in
see
see
in
it
the
excellent
see
Shaw, you
sharp English
of

that at the dinner

some

utter

MARIA

'dist brethren

The
amulet
an
object superstias
a
remedy for, or a
tiously worn
he was
generally referred to as
preservative against,disease,bad luck,
the Man
of Sin, the Beast of the Apocably
alypse, accidents,witchcraft,etc. is considerworld
etc.
The
civilization. It was
older than
Antichrist,
mistake about it; always in high favor with primitive
no
really does move,
and it is moving in the right direction, peoples, and is still cherished by* such
however
and
the South
Sea
slowly.
tribes in Africa

liead

of the

Catholic

Church.

"

tofore
Here-

"

either wholly barbarous


as
are
civilized.
half
Even
only
presenta
course
gether
altois
not
however,
called
little book
"Priestcraft," day civilization,
a
free from
the amulet
tion.
superstiHilaire Belloc (who incidentallystyles
don
According to the editor of the Lon'Maria
Modern
volume
"the
the
the
Nature,
living
amulet,
magazine,
devotes
several
Monk' ")
paragraphs
or
"mascot," is especiallyin vogue ; and
to popular scepticism among
men,
Englishwhich
make
interesting reading popular interest in all sorts of other
to be
seems
magical or occult processes
for Americans:
Islands

In the

of

merciless review

of

or

"

in

Elsewhere

much

fell

Europe the tempest


earlier

than

of

it fell

society. It fell first upon the


middle
of
the 18th
century,

French

cism
sception

our

in the

and
by their
throughout Occidental
late to this island; but now
society. It came
it has come
that it has come,
thoroughly.
the wreckage, add
can
Elsewhere
we
survey
an
up the losses and the gains,begin to make
agency

estimate

was

of

passed

the

on

devastation

and

also of that

ning
large part which has been saved and is beginThe Catholic
to re-evangelizethe rest.
intellect has risen high on the Continent, and
the two
parties are fairly face to face. But
has
not passed over;
here
that
great storm
it is only beginning its fury. Yet
already
has wholly ceased
to believe.
the obscure mass
himself without
the proof is that a man,
And
education,desiring to appeal to great bodies

on

the increase.

mascot

is defined to

inanimate, that
is supposed to bring good fortune to its
dogs, cats, monkeys, goats,
possessor,
backs,
small boys and girls,dwarfs, hunchsuch
lifeless
and
things as were
formerly known simply as amulets. The
English editor considers this modern
be

an

object,animate

or

"

cult to be

an

anti-social reversion

to

of thought, and he links

primitive mode
palmistry,the
up with it crystal-gazing,
ouija board, and spiritism.
that the
It will be said, of course,
is merely following
of a mascot
owner
a harmless
fashion, and that he has no
real faith in its efficacy. His state-

AVE

THE

MARIA

57

keeps it "just for luck" is, Lyons, publishesin its concluding issue
for 1921 a detailed necrologicalreport
however, a constructive admission that
of the Foreign Missions
the taint of
he is not quite free from
for the year
which
consists in ascribing 1920.
of deceased
The total number
superstition,
to created things powers
which they do
is
missionaries
mentioned
162, 8.
either by nature
in
tue
virnot possess,
the
or
bishops and 154 priests.Of
bishops,,
that he

ment

"

of the prayers

Now,

of the Church.

fortune-telling,
magic, and
superstition,
foolish
irrational
and
spiritism are
forms
of worship; and that they are
sinful is clear from
Holy Writ:' "The
soul that shall go aside after magicians
and soothsayers I will destroy out of
the midst of its people."

two

had

lived

; four

than

more

had

others had

four-score

beyond the
three-score-and-ten
and
mark;
only
of
Mgr. Landi,
Laohokou, China,
one,

years

failed to round
of life. The

gone

half

his

out
average

tury
cen-

the

of

age

in consequence,
notably
bishops was,
over
sixty-eight
large, something
the deceased
priests
Among
years.
there were
one
nonagenarian, eight
rians;
octogenarians, and twelve septuagena"

"Any fact,"says Emerson, "is better


monies
established by two or three good testialso many
who
but there were
than by a thousand arguments."
not
had
reached
their
fifth
decade,
many
testimonies
such
Some
recently
at thirty-five
gathered in Toledo establish the fact others who passed away
or
thirty-six,and half a dozen whose
tention
that, notwithstanding the opposite conless than thirty. Accordingly
was
age
of the advocates of birth control,
the
some
average
age of the priestswas
dency:
depenlarge families do not mean
the contrary, the larger the

on

family, the

less the

bishops, being about

The

dependency.

"

director of Catholic charities in the Ohio

city contributes
table

to America

ing
interest-

an

statistics taken

of

from

reputable secular journal,and adds this


pungent commentary:
are
generally dry reading, but I
speaks quite so
nothing that
eloquently against the whole
unsavory
tice
pracof the posiof birth control, and
in favor
tion
has always championed,
which
the Church
this set of figures. Is it not startlingto
as
lutely
find that the degree of dependency is abso-

Statistics
of

know

in

inverse

children

in

hundred

and

the

ratio

to

family?

the

Think

ninety-nine families

children to support had to knock


of the Public Relief Department,
group

blessed

children

with

numbered

the
the

of

it!

that

One

had

at the
whereas

least

in

the

ranks

Some

of

our

readers,especiallythose
and villagesof the
ganizations
possiblyimagine that or-

country,

may

like
such

Guild, and
of

the

activities

White

Catholic

negligible than

of

Readers

conversant

of

atrica:lin New

York

as

Theatre

the publication

List of plays,

rather

is nothing mentioned
dependents. There
in
with
ten
the table concerning families
These
to be utterly
children or more.
seem
exempt from the danger of joining the ranks
of publiccharges. So much
for the facts.

the

fifty-three.The

in the smaller towns

no

the

the

of

Orders
or
Congregations most
ogy
numerously represented in this necrolthe Jesuits, thirty-one; the,
are:
Fathers
of the Holy Ghost, twentythree; the Friars Minor, eighteen; and
of
the
Foreign Missionary Fathers
Paris, sixteen.

doors

greatest number

that

four

of

number

less than

fifteen years

with

and

yet its editor, Mr.


Payne,

does

not

the-

matters

others of

larger cities,will not, however,


is not
opinion. The Forum
prudish or effeminate

this

are

important.
our

share
a

ticularly
par-

odical,
peri-

George Henry

hesitate to write

thus

ican
its long-established drastically
of the greatestof our AmerConformably
York continues to be
cities: "New
custom, the Missions Catholiques, of
to

terrible

more

Little

Boy

to

Statue

PAUL

of

yVE

HE

taken
hid

And

And

away;

when

sleep

when

play;

me

I'm

though
always

You

noisy

be

They

say

you're

you'll

if

Of

make

course

awful

long,

too

v/as

be,

can

Of

lot

will

you

bad

of

been

take

not

toys.

my

there

now

BY

MAKY

his
the

WAGGAMAN.

T.

"

LMER

by
and

papers.

on

International

The

would

thrust

hands,

he

Aunt

Eph

his

think

arrival, which
trepidation had

him.

He

must

see

her

"

nounced
an-

to be

denied;

thought
her

and

of her

advice.

If

yet he

pain

he. could
and
of

winced
her

"

at

the

sympathy,

only

forget,
his

not

personage

questions,

sleep forever,
agonizing

was

sleep,
"

forget

loss, that

the

grew

Aunt

him

from

memories

of

master

whisper
and,

insistent;

more

and

lower

lower

listening, listening,
did

he

not

nephew,

Greyson,

under

open

Aunt

and

that

suddenly

Then

portal burst

Aunt

an

stood

Greyson
very

flushed,

with

dignant
in-

baby

rosy

arms.

"Aunt
his

the

for

tempter's

was

again.

her

in her

he

And

darkness,

aroused

bending
he

hand,

before

Adelia!"

he

said

good lady grimly,

to

cried, starting

feet.

"Yes,"
her

Greyson

and

irate

Uncle

"

love.

even

^to

did,

tap at his study door, repeated

the

his

just

in his

had

her.

breathlessly that

so

forbidden

Supposed.
Aunt

listening

again

considering

star

hour

and

his hand,

on

was

nor

in

with

the

as

head

his

hear

weary

had

he

she

as

earth

had

had
The

married

creed, and

not

black

louder

grew

with

had

life seemed

buried

drearily

great
to

of

neither
head

was

Greyson's
with

famous,

springs of
his

he

hours

could

With

work

great

that

him

after

he

write.

of his

at
rounded
sur-

books

of

array

MS.

make

effort ; for the

library,

Law,

aside

broken:

his

confused

seated

was

in

was

Shorecliff,

of

MARSDEN

big desk

the

hoped

Victory.

"

had

agonizing

into

and

fathers.

past.
It

II.

no

coming

stupor

his

deaf

teachings,

think

on

turned

had

of

hope,

no

Greyson's
Liriady.

eternal

he

to

was

faith,

no

days,

nor

content

led to

girl whom

find his heaven

noise,

bear;

to

early

he

church

neither

heavy

"

when

taught

Faith

the

up

escape,

took

Elmer

early

those

to

of

now.

"

years

beautiful

very

been

now

late

given

"

mind;

never

had

there

that

men

too

his

in

that,

me.

boy,

I'm

burden

ruin; but

at

the

often

so

ear

way,

despairing

Marsden

kind;

think

folks

know

I
And

as

little

your

that

his

quick

way,

way

life

ear

I'll

when

tree,

way

smile

to

seem

think

And

Christmas

my

toys

me

stop

But,

my

scold

They

down

in

whispered

late

v/as

PEYTON.

then

heard

had

he

voice

tempting
Virgin.

BY

And

day.

every

Blessed

of the

fighting blood

Adelia

and

her

is the

seems,

give

that

me

only

cooing

up,

"your

"

one

of the

clutched

dimpled

delightedly

who,

it

family

to*

great-niece,
to

friendly welcome

cliff" (Lil'lady had

glasses with

was

over

for

Aunt

Shore-

the visitor's

hand,
the

and

was

glittering

60

AVE

THE

MARIA

prize) ; "my
great-niece and
your
I find here in
daughter, Elmer, whom
her father's house

without

your

even

name

child,to whom

child,Helen's

;
you

have

given no care, no thought, not


even
a pitying look; your
child,Elmer
Marsden!
Have
forgot your love
you
-

for Helen?"

speaker paused in sudden


for the changed, broken

The

who, with

low cry, had


into his chair.
cried

her !

see

child that

the

tottered back

"Don't," he
let me

hoarsely, "don't
her,
"

not look at

can

Helen's

cost

God's sake take her away.


out of my
sight,out of my
And
his

the unhappy

desk

and

pathy
symman,

Aunt
mind

bowed

his

face

in his

in her
Lil'lady'ssoft coo was
Greyson's ear, and the good

stirred to its mother's


lady'sheart was
depths.
"I
"For shame, Elmer!"
she said.
have

not

believed

so

your
name

could

you

be

cowardly, so
own
child,Helen's child,without
in your house, without place in
weak.

your

cast aside

heart!"

"Take

She

drives

Again

Aunt

but

give up.
bowed

she
She

the

was

can

shaken

not look at

mad!"
mad,
Greyson paused
me

not

was

cast

the

woman

even

"There!"

for
said

she

Greyson
take

was

to

safe battleground

six months'
the

plumped

soldier.

determined

have

ended

Mammy

Sue ! Somebody

this child!" he called.

But the S. 0. S. cry

was

unheeded.

Aunt

at the
Greyson, keeping grim watch
to
that.
study door, was
seeing
Lil'ladywas
clinging in baby fright
to her father,her soft arms
clasping his
neck, her cheek pressed to his; her
touch,*
her breath, her soft little sobs
stirringhis deadened, despairing heart
into life,into love.
"My baby, my baby, my Helen's poor
little baby!" he murmured
brokenly.
And
Lil'ladysnuggled closer,as babies

consciousness

of

strong

hold, and

to
cooed soft responses
man's
wise Aunt
the deep-toned voice. And

piti- that
fully,

he sat

would

Greyson, listening at the door, knew

"

quick glance at the


figure. The wide baize-topped

desk at which

lady,

away!"

"I tell you

that

arms.

"Aunt

will in the

her

command.
her.

To

havoc

come,

Great-aunt

would

wild

quickly in a reckless plunge off the


flat-toppeddesk, if her desperate father
had not caught her, a soft,rosy, palpitating
littleprisoner,in his strong, unwilling

!"
back to

hands.
But

For

Adelia,

turned

man

"

life!

Greyson was
gone, leaving
Lil'ladyto fight it out alone. And she
dignant
was
doing it bravely. Righteously inat her great-aunt's desertion,
she
was
roaring lustily,while her
and
and
dimpled arms
legs waved
of International
kicked, scattering the pages
Law, overturning the inkstand,
clutching at the student's lamp, making
Aunt

But

old

the

battle

Lil'ladyhad
Before
she had

was

into her

come

she

won;

left her

settled matters

knew

that

own.

nephew's home,
like the valiant
and

porch
garden and driveway had
trellis,
been cleared up and put in order; Dan

old

woman

she

was.

Lawn

and

her

buttoned
and
bobbed
into
great-niece and Dave
down amid the scattered pages
national shape; Cousin
maiden
of InterJane Jarrett, a
"I leave you your
Law.
child, lady of uncertain years, taken out of the
Helen's child, Elmer.
If you
let her
loss of fortune
Church
Home
to which
roll off that desk, she will break her
installed as
had
and
consigned her,
as

neck."
"Aunt
cried her

(iismay.

Aunt
Greyson!
Greyson!"
nephew, starting up in dire

not
least,
housekeeper.
Last, but
Lil'lady was
duly baptized by the old
priest at Ridgely Point, and entered in
the family Bible, on the page blotted

AVE

THE

by her father's shaking

as

pen,

"Helena

nowhere

yet,"
can
had
said hoarsely.
Marsden
Elmer
while
"After
perhaps, but not yet.
a
Sue does,
call her as Mammy
Let us
'Little
our
Lady'" Lil'lady."
Though all this had been eleven years
ago, on this bright September day, that
found her perched on
a
jutting rock
fishing in Marsden
Cove, Miss Helena
Carr Marsden
was
Lil'ladystill. The
sturdy promise of her babyhood had
than fulfilled. The
been more
golden
curls tangled under her brother's torn
all their first'
hat had
sunshine; the
dimples played in the rosy cheek; the
could tell
one
well, really, no
eyes
Sometimes
much
about Lil'lady's
eyes.
violet;
blue, sometimes
they seemed
of the
sometimes, under the shadow
black.
long, drooping lashes, almost
and
and
flash
could
And
sparkle
they
misty with sudden tears all in one
grow
glance. And, despite the torn-brimmed
hat, the head beneath it had the proud
liftof a littlequeen's though Lil'lady's
trace
had no
of royalty, v/e
costume
"I

"

speak the

not

name

"

"

confess.

must

the rock

She

waded

had

she

which

on

out

to

perched ; and

was

boasted

could

but in Marsden

Cove.

dad

fish that

Marsden."

Carr

61

MARIA

And

she

Salina

him; 4unt
it, and "fix it up" with
lemon
and parsley and everything good ;
and dad's eyes would shine as they did
when
she brought him his cigar or his
she
tobacco bag or his slippers, when
did anything for this dear, darling dad,
who loved his "Little Lady" better than
would

catch

would

cook

for

one

"

his

Gilbert

Miss

So, with

life.

own

Sue
of reach, and Mammy
by the old nursery fire,Lil'lady
venturing recklessly in untried
to-day to show her dad that she

safely

out

laid up
was

ways

him

loved

in return.

with them

climb

"

on

always "rubbing it in"


girl. A girl! As if she
and

swim

couldn't

boy

was

was

well

as

go

her fault. Fifteen-

wasn't

indeed ! That

year-oldDan

let her

never

Steeple Rock, which, they


no
place for a girl.A girl

to

declared,was

that she

would

Dave

and

Dan

as

run

any

and

aye,

"

twelve-year-old

the beach!

live-longchum,
was
beginning to leave-her out of things
that
she was
because
a girl. And, now
had started off to a real boys'
Dave
But

Dave, her

even

school, it would

be

than

worse

torn, and

blouse

found

be

ever.

show
would
was
(and
Well, she
draggled, and she
Lil'ladytossed tjie golden head under
had left her shoes and stockings on the
Dave's torn hat) what a girl could do
For
sands
the lively alone.
of the shore.
off on what her brothers
Lil'ladywas
Other girls might be "sissies,"like

middy

her white
her

blue

called
Miss

skirt

was

"tear."

Jessie Dunn,

Gilbert, the

home, and Mammy


"rheumatiz"

them

that

governess,

Sue

was

would

had gone
down with

not

let

her

leave her

chair; and Cousin Jane was


the
putting up quince jelly,that was
her
her
heart
and
all
of
pride
required
to
attention.
Dad
was
coming home
dinner.
He
was
kept at the court so

the

who

would

thought of wading

faint away
out

to

at

Steeple

tin cup full of fat worms,


which she herself had dug, and which in
her secret heart Lil'ladyhated to touch.
Rock

But

with

only

fat, squirming

would

worm

catch the big silver kingfish for dad's


goodness! v/as
dinner; the fish that
Lil'ladyhauled
bobbing her cork now.
"

"

but only a littlemudfish


breathlessly,
was
dangling on her line. Again she
And
it
cess
to celebrate
Lil'lady meant
tried; again, again; too eager for sucwith a fish, a fish of her own
ing,
catchto note the passing of time. It was
of those big, shiny, silvery not in the spiritof Lil'ladyto give up a
one

much

now,

event

to be

that

"

"

dinner

celebrated.

at home

was

an

in

62

THE

fight. As dad
battled for

name

she

was

and

the

day.

Marsden

meant

MARIA

often told her, she had


and place on his desk

so

top when
won

AVE

six months

only
to

Helena

And
^\^n

old,
Carr

to-day,too.

At last it came,
the jerk that nearly
her
off Steeple Rock. A big kingpulled

URING

was

her

on

line.
be

(To

the rush

for the California

gold-fieldsin the Fifties a party


took the route by Gila River, and set
the

across

desert.

The

temperature

strewn
degrees; the way was
wrecks
of skeletons,horses, and

120

was

with

continued.)

Desert.

the

"

fish

Spring hi

and on
the second
night, after
had
crossing the Colorado, the water
given out. The party had gathered on
the sands below Yuma,
the men
discussing^the advisabilityof returning,
the women
full of apprehension, the
children
crying, the horses panting.
But presently the talk fell low, for in
men;

Moccasins.

7^HOSE

of

our

young

folk who

are

Vg) familiar with Cooper's "Leatherand no American


stocking Tales"
boy
at least should be ignorant of them
know that the ordinary foot-gearof the
American
Indian of other days was
the
"

"

moccasin.

shoe

cover

of deerskin

It was,
and is, a
for the feet,usuallymade

or

other soft leather,and having no


stiff sole such as is found on the common
or

shoe

or
slipper.What a good many
boys do not know, however, is that their
grandfathers, especiallysuch of them

lived

as

within

often

camp,

reach

of

Indian

an

during the

wore

winter

moccasins

season

skin
made, not of deerother valuable leather,but of
cowhide, or of calfskin.

or
common

"

of the wagons
heard in prayer:
one

child's voice

was

good Heavenly Father, I know I


so
a naughty girl;but I am
and
and
and
mamma
thirsty,
poor
papa
baby want a drink so much ! Do, good
be
God, give us water, and I'll never
naughty again!"
One of the men
responded earnestly:
it!"
God
"May
grant
"0

have

In

been

moments

few

the child cried out

joyfully:"Mother, get
for baby and me.
some
running somewhere.'-'

water!

me

can

Get

hear

it

Sixty or seventy years ago, the ordinary


for
the
The horses and mules nearly broke
men
foot-gear
was
topboot with the leg reaching to the knee ; from the traces ; for almost at their feet
and the boys of that day rejoiced in
the sand, warm
a spring had burst from
little boots with
red-leather tops and
Their sufferingswere
but pure.
over.
toes. To get a pair of moccasins
continued to flow, running
The water
copper
all one
had to do w"s
to procure
at one
two
for twenty miles, and
north
of
pairs
boot-legs,cut from worn-out
point spreading into a lake two miles
boots,and take them to an Indian. One
gration
emiwide and twenty feet deep. When
of,these pairs he reserved for himself,
diverted,two years later,
was
from the other he made
to
and
the
to
the northern
route
a pair of neat
and comfortable
moccasins.
dried
New
River
Spring
isthmus.
up.
Moccasins

are

too

warm

to

wear

doors Its mission


in-

except in very cold weather.


The
Indians could use
them
at all times
because they did not live as we
do in
well-heated
cabins
trees

houses, but

or

huts made

and

covered

skins of animals.

in

wigwams,

of the branches

with

rush

mats

of
or

Pen

is

was

over.

contraction

of peuTia,

the

part of a
feather.
When
the ancients adopted
struments,
quillsinstead of reeds for writing inthey naturallyused the name
pemiae to designate them.
Latin

name

for the tubular

TtiE

AUTHORS

WITH

The

writings

well

known

"

too

of

series

Sacred

and

it

is

has

are

its

meaning.
price, 50 cents.
"The

"

form

in

connection

It contains
of

the

M.

P.

in

pact
com-

and

nature

with

And

collection
there

form,

Published

them,

is

the

terms

and

an

rably
admi-

of

indulgenced

excellent

an

achieve, in

to

better

book

of

B.

Herder

the

by

index.

small

so

and

its kind

than

Book

Co.;

cents.

Justin: A
Story of Papua," by
from
the
to us
Forrest, M. S. C, comes
Heart
Monastery, Sydney, N. S. W.

D.

Sacred
A

realistic

of 'mission

narrative

Providence," by the Rev.

the

Caussade,
"The

says:
is

book

full and

contains

of this

S80

some

Its

would

book, to any

double

cons

the

of

sulting
con-

points touched
opinions
many

it; for there are many


Fr.
Caussade, and
upon
must
expressed, which
escape
who

index.

general
desirous

one

and

'Contents'

than

more

J.

Gazette

pages

of

pages
it has no

clear, but

index

good

Catholic

London

clearly printed.

are

at
our
annoyance
donment
its notice
of "Aban-

In

to Divine
P.

shares

who

defect.

all but

the

dustrious
in-

page."

every

sary
neces-

of

"Father

"

M.

editor

notable

by

conditions

them, definitions

be hard

price,50

brother

this

reader

gain

this.

A,

precious

as

the

F.

Indulgences,"by

indulgences,the

to

of

named.

organized

neat

book

explanation

an

of

prayers.
It would

of

Litany
by

compiled

in

63

PUBLISHERS

value

is well

Donelan,

used

the

on

Quaintness, simplicity
its characteristics,
as
love is
Benziger Brothers, publishers;

Treasury

meaning

are

recommendation.

been

published

Norwich

of

MARIA

AND

diminutive.

vision

and

Juliana

need

"Meditations

Heart"

Forbes
as

of

to

AVE

life in

New

Guinea, it is as interestingas it can


not fail
be edifying and
instructive.
Father
Justin
is a type that
is becoming more
and
more
familiar in these days of accelerated
mission-

"The

"

is the

novelist

Dell, whose
under

the

who

fourteenth

book

title "The

unfamiliar

had

never

with

has

Ethel

of

in

M.

just appeared

Race."

Obstacle

racing

failure"

characterization

Putnams'

Readers

general

with

or

steeplechasing in particular
that

obstacle

an

is

race

need
telling
may
horse-race
in which

ditches,hedges, brooks, and other obstacles,


be
must
they occur
jumped as
along the
The
course.
tei*m, as applied to this novel,
is used
in a metaphorical sense:
the obstacles
in the way
and
subtle

perilsincidental

of the

of

social

lax

heroine

the

are

temptations
dizzy whirl

to the

The

environment.

tale

of

to

activity; and the


j ary
its readers
[ encourage
thousands

of

left home

^
"

"

Rev.

volume

of

the

sin

"Going,

the

Hugh
"My

tions.

How
Fr.

only

humor.
If

"

People," is guilty
minor
poets inamong
not polishingadequately

are

absence

of essays,
of varfous

full

the

Great

for

those

best

shall
and

his

feet
left

fair

books

written
said

his

are

Albert

Blessed

of

of

little

angelic masterpiece? Yet


the privilegeof
not had
of the
to study the science

his

has

less

be

have

who

saints, he
tablets

an

and

teacher's

pupils, what

avoid

to

or

his

precious teachings

indeed

than

on

mind

white

the

St.

Irish

indeed.

good

but

Thomas,

edition

new

with

had

of

The

from

fancies

remembered

of
group
and
reflec-

one

that

says, if
Celtic

them

to

which

the

beginning

some

touchingly

confesses

with

the

friends, and
of

his

system

lack.

will

help
of

virtues

the

author, in the

sainted

Soul"

of the

of all God's

rejoice the heart

The

lasting,nevertheless.

of his "Paradise

epilogue,so
The

book

is

precision of

and

artistry and that reticence is


of
earnestness
scientist,and with the humble
Some
of the religiousstanzas
in the
saint.
One
a
might describe it as sanctity "in
really appealing. It is tastefully
sary,
if further
a
description is neces-

have
of

overcome

"

in appropriate
printed,and bound
Magnificat Press; price, $1.50.
We

to

interesting one,
possessed of not
Price, $1.90.

new

Own

is

deserve

virtue!

volume

"

na-

obstacles

sittingat

Blunt's

good they might be,


Blunt

all

ye

effort

rushing action,

written

themes
a

Francis

very
is derived

book
deal

teach

Moore's

such

have

in order

cents.

customary

that

poems

verse,

and

eluding too much, and


little that might be
a
title of

'T

fatherland

Price, 60

The

of

religiouswho

kindred

the behest:

tions."
"

priests and

and

to follow
.

perusal of his story will


the
to co-operate with

Juliet

so

indexes

often

nutshell";

The

green.

this
business

inveighed against

the

from

present-day volumes
biographies,hist"ries,and treatises

kinds, that

we

are

glad

to

quote

with

God

one

will be

sentence

of mercy

is to

according

to

give
his

eloquent: "The

everyone

deserts."

pFace
One

might desire a better qualityof paper for such


that
of thought; with
superlative excellence
exception, however, the book is a notably in-

64

THE

AVE

viting one, without and within. Published


P. J. Kenedy " Sons; price, $1.35.

by

"The

Mystic's Experience of God," which


in
the
Atlantic
not
appeared
long ago
Monthly, is distinctlyand variously significant.
On

it bears

its face

to its

witness

own

of
"the
revival
opening statement, that
of the noteworthy
mysticism has been one
features in the Christianityof our time."
For
Savinien
Louismet, O. S. B.,
past, Dom
years
of the truest voices speaking in
has been one
the wilderness
of uncertainty upon
the subject
of
series, "The
mysticism. His
Mystical
Knowledge of God," "The Mystical Life," and
"Mysticism, True and False," are authentic
who
texts
the
are
on
subject. Readers
,

with

familiar

them

quality of

his

to

every

no

assurance

as

latest book, "Divine

All."

for
restore

need

soul

Its aim
its

is to

heritage

Spanish

Benedictines

Rev.

Rt.

and

the

soul

of

or

infinite desires

his

home

in

the

its lessons, each in tei-ms


and
experience; the cautious

own

who
fear not even
sin so much
matter-of-fact,
their confounded
tions
nothe "queerness" which
as
will be surwith
confuse
prised
spirituality,
their own
real aspirationson
to meet
and
that they, too, in
to discover
every
page,
The
desire
at least,are
mystics unawares.
"The
God"
and
on
"The
Literature
of
chapters

Works

the

of

Saints"

in

are

themselves

real

libraries of classified spiritualreading. P. J.

Kenedy

"

Sons; price,$1.90.

Some
A

The

Guide

to

Good

object of this list


concerning the more
publications. The latest
_

Books.

Recent

an

the
troduction
In-

Translated

(Burns, Gates
Benziger Brothers.) $7.

McCann.

Obituary.
Remember

them

Reading.

is to

afford information
important recent

will appear
at
the head, older ones
being dropped out from
time to time to make
room
titles.
for new
Orders
be sent
should
to
the publishers.
Foreign books not on sale in the United States
can
be imported with little delay. There
now
is no
bookseller in this country tvho keeps a
lishers'
Pubfull supply of books published abroad.
prices generally include postage.
books

An
"Rebuilding a Lost Faith."
American
Agnostic. (Kenedy.) $3.35.
"Human
Destiny and the New
Psychology."
J. Godfrey Raupert, K.
S.
G.
(Peter
Reilly.) $1.25.
"Hispanic Anthology." ($5.) "The Way of
'
St. James."
(Putnam's.) 3 vols. $9.

that

in

are

bands.

Heb.,

"

xiii, 3.

Considine, diocese of Detroit;


of Providence;
O'M.eara, diocese

William

Rev.

Rev.

J.

Rev.

Michael

desires. The

book, and understand


of

With

Delatte.

Paul

Dom

Washbourne;

"

between

by

natural

joyous acquaintance with God. It presents


contemplation as the sweetest, easiest,
noblest thing in the world, the only normal
the infinite Object of those
initiated will be thoroughly at

Stanbrook.

Justin

Dom

by

divine

relation

of

from

Translated

Annotated

by Cardinal Gasquet. Vol. II.


(Thomas Baker, Benziger Bros.) $3.50.
A
Psalms:
"The
Study of the
Vulgate
Psalter in the Light of the Hebrew
Text."
Rev. Patrick Boylan, M. A.
Vol. I.
(B.
Herder
Co.) $5.50.
Edward
Life
and
"Heniy
Manning, His
Labours."
Shane
Leslie,M. A, With Six
Illustrations.
(Burns, Gates and Washbourne; P. J. Kenedy " Sons.) $7.65.
Rule
of St. Benedict: A
"The
Commentary."

to

and

and

and

templation
Con-

secure

of

of St. Teresa."

Letters

the

"The

"

the

MARIA

F.

of

diocese

Kelly and

Hayden, diocese
McCarthy, C. SS.

Rev.

Natchez;

of

J. Broderick,

P.

Rev.

Rt.

Scranton;

Msgr.

Rev. Thomas

R. ; and

C.

P.

William

Rev.

Slevin,

S. J.
M.

Sister

Gonzaga, of the Sisters of St.


tation;
Fidelis,Order of the Visi-

Sister M.

Dominic;

Basilla

M.

Sister

Sister

and

M.

Holy Cross.
Mrs.
Mr. Thomas
Margaret Seer, Mr.
Lamb,
Mr. John
Lauterbach, Mrs.
William McMahon,
M. A. Kent, Miss
Mary Brockmeier, Mr. James
McNish, Mr. E. P. Alsop, Mr. William Edler,
Mr.
Charles
Fleck, Mrs. Clara Hershberger,
Rose
Miss
Johnson, Mr.
Kinney, Mr, Alfred
Mr. Stephen
Dora
Miss
Lalor,
John
Knoll,
Lalor, Miss Louisa Yorger, Mr. H. J. Wilken,
O'Neill, Mr. Joseph
Mr. D. Shine, Mrs. Emma
Mr.
John
John
Mr.
Mansfield, and
Recar,
Lidwina,

Sisters

of

the

Gartland.

give unto them, 0 Lord ; and let


them.
May they
perpetual light shine upon
rest in peace! (JOO days' indul.)
Eternal

rest

Contribution

Our
"Thy
For

Father,

the

who

famine

seeth

in

Box.

secret, wUl

victims

repay

in Russia:

thee."

Mrs.

M.

Goeres, $15; Rev. M. C,


$25; frier\ds,
$5; friend, $10. To help the
Sisters of Charity in China:
friend, $10; Rev.
in
Central
sufferers
the
M.
C, $25. For
H.
B. P., R. C, $2.50; W.
Europe: Mrs.
Hardy, $5; Rev. M. C, $50. For the Foreign
Mrs.
Mission:
J. D., $2.50.

J. M., $1; Mrs.

John

HENCEFOPTH

VOL.

XV.

Series.)

(New

ALi.

GENERATIONS

Copyright,

Saturday.

every

CALL

INDIANA,

DAME,

NOTRE

[Published

SHALL

BLE88E0

ST.

JANUARY

1922

to

lUKE,

I. .

48

NO.

21, 1922.

Rev.

D.

E.

Hudson,

C. S. C]

of their first books, Biblia

one

Wind.

North

The

ME

Pau-

("Bible of the Poor"). The


the
simple,
unlettered, all those who
called "the holy plebs of God,"
were
learned
of what
by sight much
they

perum
BY

^HE

wind

is

It hurts

snow;

over

to-day;

knew

of their faith.

blow

breezes

those

away,

dear

Down

blowing
heart

my

far

From

11.

H.

W.

These
hills where

white

long

cathedral
in

could

feet
tirc^less

My

stray.

aspect, seemed

of the truth.
welcome

And
That

set

With
Ah!

dark

the

Down

my

old

its

long

That

kiss

hurts

In

the

EY

iHE

L.

kind

to-day.

Chapel.

CONNELLAN.

idea

many

the

heart

Riccardi

P.

behind,

exceeding

my

wind

way:

hills

those

ago,

the

I found

and

glow.

that

city sweeps
voice

prevailed among
Christian people in the

Middle

Ages

useful

for

that
man

history of the world


the

all it
to

from

gious
reli-

so

know
its

was
"

tion,
crea-

regarded
order

to

These

mony
testi-

bear

innumerable
as

which

type

of

St. Thomas

reigning in the world of


"And
ideas.
the intermediary of art,"
recent
ceptions
a
writer, "the highest consays
of
science,
theology and
in a certain degree, and more
reached
telligenc
inless clearly,even
to the humble
or
of the people."
Even
at this day the traveller in the
of Italy may
hear the
smaller
towns
peasants, no less than the townspeople,
commenting on the works of art in the
dren,
churches, and explaining to their chiland appreciation,
with accuracy
the legend or
history depicted on the
walls.
They are art critics by nature.
rounded
They live in an art atmosphere, surby the best examples of the use
it is, and
of art to religion,of which
ence
Florhandmaid.
always has been, the
described

athrill
veins

young

were

the marvellous
hill

of the

tingling sense

my

statues

know:

message

made

And

chill

the

face

my
now

old, cold

This
Oft

on

seldom

windows,

ago

as

"

ample
dogmas of religion, the exand
of the saints, the hierarchy of
is, in its streets and squares
the virtues, the variety of the sciences,
lanes, in fact, a great opennarrow
in
of the arts.and crafts
air gallery filled with
lovely works
was
taught him
and
colored,
quisitely
exby the stained glass of the church
or
terra-cotta, glazed
its portal.
by the statues that adorned
beautiful, lifelike statues,
It was
this account
dral
that the catheon
grandly eloquent.
in
five
traveller
the early
one
acquired the title which
Only about
the
of
who
fifteenth
cross
sees
hundred
printers
the
of those
Alps
century gave
"

"

THE

AVE

Men, with

the insigniaof royal


and with the
gifts,
pomi3,
of
their
attendants,to pay
magnificence
to
the
King of heaven and of
homage
ful Wise

rich

with

to offer to Him

earth, and

submission

their

of

adoration.

Such

and

oldest in Christian

poetry, and
treated

with

art

humble
of the

one

"

is full of religious

"

susceptibleof being

the

and

varied

most

picturesque details.
At

the end of

cruciform

chapel
a

the

was

Mother

Virgin

Virgin

with

and

prayer

her

symbolic

of

to pour

the

Infant

The

In

ground.

the

hands,

Father,

on

down

r.round

the

light and glory


is rocky, but
The scene
of

rays

the I^Iessiah.

Saviour

And

Bethlehem

is

the

the shepherd of the


same
as
Campagna of to-day. Here the
fairylikelandscape, with its charming
of these
features in the background
frescoes,is the adaptation of the lands

Florence, with mountain


steep rocks, and bright-

and

castles

plumaged birds among


pines and palms.
it is the

But
attract

melodies

on

choirs

of angels that

sweet, but

are

angels kneel

those

ih adoration, with

forward

come

such

with

their solemn

dancing
boys
(seises) in the
a

of

that

as

dance

the

procession of the Blessed Sacrament


the

Cathedral

of Seville; these

flov/ers in their hands


of

their

robes;

on

excelsis

in

"Glorificamus Te";

Deo";
and

The

Te."

"Adoramus

golden glories
heads; and

scribed,
ingold discs are
and over
again, the words,

over

"Gloria

have

these

of

some

folds

sing celestial

their

(aureolas) round

in

carry

in the

or

others

All of them

music.

heard
un-

folded; others offer flowers;

arms

movement
in

cypresses,

sweeter.

are

some

the

most.

one

Heard

flov.'^ers

abundant

the
the right appears
Baptist,
youthful figure of St. John
bearing a rod and a scroll,on which,
bloom.

in

Roman

Some

cloud ; and beneath these


the Holy Ghost, under the symbol of a
with
Dove
outstretched
wings, seems
from

emerge

much

were,

have

o'f the hills around

their

of the Eternal

in art

they

as

the boy-shepherd Giotto

depicting them.
by Cimabue
changed, but the shepherd

seen

Fashions

represented
hands
joined in

part of the picture, two

upper

over

picture

is

adoration.

lies upon

Saviour

was

Art in Florence.

and Modern

Blessed

kneeling,

altar,

born
adoring the newwhich
is
picture,
been painted by Fra
hangs in the Gallery

supposed to have
Filippo Lippi, now
The

the

This

Messiah.

of Ancient

is

of this

arms

elaborate

very

the days when

and hillsround
of the

one

v/hich

67

the Shepherds clothed

the tribute
their

subject

MARIA

others,

on

on

the

rest,
kneel

first group

attitudes,and the words


visible
their heads^ are
the altar niche is seen
melodies
which
a choir of angels,
explain and interpret
It is in
their angelic love and devotion.
perhaps fiftyin number, rejoicingover
these
that
the birth of the Redeemer.
alizes
reof
one
figures
presence
Fra
of
with
is
the
In Benozzo's
all
that
the artist
glitters
pupil
work,
camels,
gold and
glows with color:
Angelico,
his hand
moved
hunting leopards,horses, men-at-arms;
The
limner
cowled, who never
in

Latin,

the

are

of God."

Lamb

words, "Behold

On

the

side wall

each

of

in devotional

round

written

"

vesture
gorgeous

with

and

hues;
Florentine

crowd,
out

of the richest

on

and

the

and

many-colored
personages

artist himself

the spectator.

objects worthy

caparisons and

texture

harness

Amongst
of

note

of the

most
escort

in

the

looking
figures
are

the

horses,

Till he

The

had

effect

by Mrs.

soul

steeped his inmost

the

on

Jameson

"The

in prayer.

spectator
naive

is told

grace,

the

expression, the airy


of these lovely beings, melt
and joy." It was
harmony

beautiful,devout
movements

the soul to

impossible for

Benozzo

to

surpass

his

'

THE

68
master

become

AVE

in the mystic sense, which has


a
type and standard for the

highest devotional works; but he has


fully
surpassed Fra Angelico in his beautirealistic delineation of accessories,
and particularlyof the landscape. Taking
advantage of the initiation of the
in
new
style,he gave to the personages
radiant
and
his
youths
pictures
the features of his
majestic old men
Cosmo
protectors, the Medicis.
(in the
guise and vesture of the Emperor of
had
Constantinople, Paleologus, who
recentlysojourned in Florence) figures
as
Melchior,the most aged of the Magi ;
Piero de' Medici is pictured as Caspar;
and Lorenzo, known
in history as "the
Magnificent," represents Balthasar, the
youngest of the Three Kings.
Meanwhile, the chanting angels in
"

"

the

Riccardi

continue

laudations. "Can

you

singing in the
painter Lantara

to

to repeat

not hear

their

Jaqueline

MARIA
cotta,
Robbia, the excellent worker in terrahas used such figuresin the high
relief balustrade of the old cantoria,or
of Florence.
choir, of the Cathedral

The

mistress

the

of

Palace,

Medici

Tomabuoni, wife of Piero de'


and
Medici, was quite a learned v/oman

Lucrezia

celebrated

poetess.

Benozzo

the

chapel, Lucrezia

Lauds

Epiphany,
Powers

was

be

to

the

to

the

Cherubim

to

sing Gloria in excelsis


God.

"Behold

Mother

Maria

choirs, and

the
!

and

angelic

and

His

the eternal

from

and hold

to

come

Supreme

to the

Messiah

Arise

come

writing

was

Christmas

at

sung

appealing

and

the time

About

engaged in painting

that

feast to the

and do not tarry."


Come
are
original Italian the verses
to
beautiful,and they were
sung
very
cheerful ballad. They are
a popular and
akin to the lovely,popular hymn Adeste
Lord
In

of lords.

the

Fideles.
landscape?" said the
friend.
The
of flov/ers that gladThe abundance
a
den
longer
continues to look at these angels,
of the visitors to the
the eyes
one
with their wings of peacock feathers, Riccardi Chapel, and touch to tears the
and emerald, the more
artists who
there, is based on a
come
gold and azure
feels that their Glorias will soon
ancient painters,
custom
of the -more
one
"Serried
break
the ear.
ranks
old tradition,surrounded
an
upon
who, follo"\ving
of seraphs,peacock-plumed," as William
with a
Messiah
the new-born
Howells
Dean
writes
of them, "and
variety of blooms.
of
And so profoundly has the sense
kneeling in prayer;
garlands of roses
ciated
everywhere; contemporary Florentines
delightin the beauty and devotion assounder the low boughs
on
with the Nativity entered into
horseback,
of trees; and birds flitting
the Italian mind, that the churches are
through the
dun
mellow
with pictures of this theme;
adorned
atmosphere; the whole
dense and close in an opulent yet delicate
and the toys that children receive at
fancif ulness of design
frequently make for
Christmas, or more
The spectator can readily imagine he
themselves, consist of figures for the
.

"

hears the words

and the timbre

of these

angel voices. The various forms of the


lips suggest the voice alto or
open
tenor
of these
lovely and brilliant
of
iris-hued
choristers.
They
groups
not the almost visionary figuresof
are
Fra Angelico ; they resemble,and probably
have
been, the choir boys of
some
neighboring church. They a^e one
style. Luca della
example of the new
"

"

that

Cribs
are

so

adorn

picturesque,that

These

their homes.
and

numerous,
one

think that the whole

at

might
land

times
be

was

so

led to
mas
Christ-

chapel filled with the wondrous


harmonies
that touch the soul through
these silent Glorias.
in littlethings fits one

Faithfulness

for heroism

when

great trials

come.

THE

Basil

AVE

MARIA

69

of suffering. Why,

Kirby.

thing
BY

VALENTINE

"

her

over

Her

arm.

hat had
cloud.

"Two
the

and

from,

the very

was

and

man

death

woman

the

was

one

thought that spoiled life.


The Countess
and
Convent
the
"May I wait for you here?" he said
Girl.
at the corner
of the clearing.
And
then he saw
jHE girlwas in a white dress,
a
strange thing
ing
happen. This girl,pulsating with life
soft-textured,fallcreamy,
in many
folds. A dark
and youth, climbed up the stones and
cloak with pink lining hung
round
the rough
put both her arms

III.

of

healthy

every

shrank

PARAISO.

pain

Her

paquets," she
And

nun.

littlewhite

lightveil,thin
luggage was

wisp
ready,
a

"

said in

then she gave

ling
travel-

as

to

answer

ing
bewitch-

littlesigh at the thought of leaving,


and stood looking from one to the otheiv
The

Reverend

Mother

look at the view from

asked

Kirby

to

and

cross,

laid

her

soft

cheek

with

closed eyes of love against the wooden


feet. He could not look on any more.
He

standing out in the palm avenue


again when she arrived at his side.
was

"You

are

he

Catholic?"

Roman

said,hinting a gentle deference to her


in spite of a tinge of disappointmen
superstitions,

the terrace before

he went.

stand
"No," said Chesska; "but I under"Oh, I must see the garden again!"
a
good deal about the Church"
cried Chesska, clasping her hands
ploringly.
imOh, there's Aunt
Eugenie waving her
fan, and she looks so cross!
Oh, run,
Basil Kirby carried the cloak for her.
!"
run
He noticed that ft was
Within
the doorway of Sant' Isolda
dark green, lined
with the pink of a seashell. How
there
was
a
medley of Italian and
exsaid the last
artistic!
Chesska
(luisitely
French, when
vals
They had but a few minutes to look
good-byes; and the Countess at interat the distant yiew of sea
and sky and
put in the English interjection,
"Do come,
child!"
dreamy purple mountains.
And it was
the
and they spun
Chesska
had
At
last
just as
nun
predicted: he never
came,
down
the hill,zigzag; and the
thought of the withered mimosa
that
away
bronzed

they

the hill below


back

came

palms

"

the

their

through

Countess

an

and

feet.

the

As
of

avenue
nun

in

front, he and Chesska following, ^the


girlsuddenly touched his arm.
"Come, please! I want to show you
the Calvary.",
The narrow
path led to a clearing of
sunlit grass
jewelled with anemones.
From
a
huge wooden
cross
planted
carved
and
a
stones,
among
painted
Figure looked down, with nailed hands
"

Countess

screamed

at

all the

Leaving the palm and


they passed the terraced
down

region,

roses, and

were

in Mentone.

dined

They

that

evening

at

the Countess

in black

diamonds

little

lace and

hotel ;
Paris-

in

white,

table for three in the garden of

paste

corners.

cactus

the

girl

studying Aynt Eugenie with

some

vousness
ner-

prospect of going to
live with her; and Basil Kirby studying
himself
Francesca
telling
Brown,
at

the

Kirby's mind, it jarred against all the


of life.It was
ease
out of harmony with
the Southern
garden and the glorious

highly interestingfrom an
artistic point of view.
He happenedto say he had a place in
Devonshire, but he could not go to stay

sunshine,

there tillhe let the house

and

feet and

"

this

outstretched

forlorn

arms.

To

representation

that she

was

in Half-Moon

THE

70
Street.

Then

tess
to the Coun-

it occurred

Street

in

little house

that the charming


Half-Moon

AVE

the

was

place

very

MARIA
wouldn't

"You
and

like it: just a big cottage


old outhouse
that we
call the

an

where

Bam,

one

can

periments."
ex-

on

carry

for her.
be

girl,and
you

French

my

dear

will

for me, and


maid Yvonne.

this

and

for Ariel

room

There

I want.

"It is just what

do

what

man,

mean

you

smile?
that horrid,fenigmatical

"I

smile?"

What's

Basil, quietly.

said

wondering

was

would

if there

be

for that Pom."

room

"What

wicked

Ariel will not knock

insinuation!
down

that is all the hesitation


are

your

see

to

is about,

we

can
; it is settled. We
details
tiresome
business

the

time.

do

Never

to-day what

put off tillto-morrow."

can

you

My
anything. If

tenants

another

on

noio?"

the matter
"Did

Oh,
by

"Experiments!

The

girl from Sant' Isolda did


the
perhaps she was
filling
spaces like the celebrated parrot. Aunt
view was
somewhat
Eugenie at near
different from the lady of the bonbons ;
she gave
ments
mosurprises. There were
when the prospect of livingwith
the Countess was
rather alarming.

"You

Now

that the Half -Moon

let to

friend, Basil

of going down
Countess

was

"And

Patchley at
inquisitive.

what

is

the

Patchley?"
"Many attractions.
its beauties
"The

Street house

Kirby spoke

to

even

once.

The

me

curious."

so

The

leaned her large,soft arms


on
and
faded
the table,
fixed upon him
blue
in which, however, there was
stilla
livelytwinkle. "I believe you have a fine
country-house down in Devonshire. You
might ask us to see it."
to
not able,to ask any
He was
one
Patchley, he said. He assured her vnth

eyes,

He

one.

The

did ask any


hermit.

seriousness he
was

never

quite a

Countess

held up

dear, clever,mysterious
you

have

and

you

behind
one

beautiful

of them

in your

! I believe
down

wife

keep her like


those carved

finger.."You

a
man

there,

Turkish

screens

"

hall. What

lady
have

you

do you

call it?"

"Musharahiah, is that it?" he said,'


rollingr's and hoarse vowels.
"That's
it," replied the Countess.
beautiful
"What
forting!
a
word, quite comIt sounds Oriental,doesn't it?
I believe,Mr. Basil,you
are
a
regular

with

"

attraction

South

make

Countess

talk much;

was

clever man,

you

"Mostly about glass. But don't count


shire.
findingme if ever you are in DevonI shall very
likelyhave disappeared
to Birmingham
Stafford."
or

sudden
not

Oh,

is it all about?"

what

Devon

after the Riviera."

of
has

Bluebeard.

You

wives, for all we

may

know.

have

had

I shall go

six
and

long call on Mrs. Bluebeard."


"All right!" said Kirby, shortly. He
jolly
old inns," the Countess
the
to
observed.
"I
summon
was
turning round
would have liked to 'foot it with you on
waiter and ask for cigarettes. "When
the green'; but if one can't do that sort
to
will allow me
ladies rise, you
you
of thing,the country is triste." She had
have a lonely smoke."
must
not
let you
be
one
two French
or
words, to give her
"Oh, but we
talk a flavor.
"I
"Are
Countess.
said
the
at
triste!"
smoke,
your
people
at
one
Patchley?"
too.
Chesska, child, did any
"Not now," he said briefly. He did
Sant' Isolda ever
get a puff?"
not tell her that there had been Kirbys
"No, Aunt Eugenie," said the girl,
of Patchley for centuries. "It's a very
with laughter dancing in her eyes.
he
said
rather
place,"
defiantly.
poor
"Well, then, you must learn."
ago,

country

when

it was

was

well enough

all Maypoles and

THE

AVE

MARIA

71

Under
the light of the
Southern
begin to-night," said Basil.
side
the two sat on the balcony outShe was
a
picture; Filippino Lippi moon,
Chesska's
would not have given her a cigarette.
it was
window, when
As
the terrace
time for the girl from
Sant' Isolda to
darkened, the three
flies
firewalked up and down.
There were
be fast asleep in her bed. Aunt Eugenie
the grass,
and a spark glimin magnificent,sweeping garments
on
mered was
at two cigarettetips.
that might have been a rest-gown for an
to see you when
"Then
She was
are
we
never
saying:
empress.
"Don't

you

down

go

Countess

The

playfullythe old words:


never?
never.
No,
What,
Well, hardly ev-er !"
sang

"What,

"

never

Devonshire?"

to

"

"

"

Kirby became

tion
that the atten-

aware

of strangers

attracted.
was
"My
Countess," he said, "they will
think we are a touring company.
I shall
I am
be pleased to call on you whenever
dear

in town."
His

seriousness

adore

aloud

in

had

"We

irritated

touring company,"
a

tone

her.
she

for other

meant

"I

said
ears.

glorioustime when we went


from
the Frivolity."
Kirby glanced at the girl,and saw
her eyes
and her
bright with wonder
lips breathlesslyparted. But the elder
lady rattled on :
"What
is that the d^ne
in the play
'If
to
be
wet
are
blanket,
says?
a
you
a

shall have

we

Chesska

no

cakes and

more

looked from

and

what

say

next?

Aunt

was

"It's somewhere

Countess

in

Eugenie going

Shakespeare

Shakespeare," the

overrated

an

nerves

man,

are

beautiful

the

at the halls.

Southwark

"Clog-dancing,
was

leaned to
to my

don't

play Often-back.
the

Without

waiting for
upon

answer,

an

waiter, and

came

she
back

iWitha littleplate of pink ice and a silver


^poon. Basil Kirby's eye caught a look
from Chesska.
He saw
the reflection of
^hissmile flicker on her face. To him it
a

delicious moment.
each

It

was

stood
They under-

other.
not

Aunt

Eugenie

curiwas

to

able
that miser-

to the 'Friv' to

came

beautiful

That

light
moon-

our

drop-

scene.
a
good many
years
I took pity on
dear, when
there, my
Algie, an infatuated boy, Lord FeatherThe
Honorable
wick's son.
Algernon
hearted
brokenhe
de Vere
a
Sopley
was,

I'd

been

"

of

twenty-two.

Lord

Featherwick, I believe,nearly broke his


than having his
worse
head, which was
heart broken.
Anyhow, we got married
in Putney;' and,
at the parish church
as

true

as

I live, I'd

before, and I

church

again, it was
to

came

long till Chesska's

satisfied.
)sitywas
touch a puzzle!

left hand

my

is just like

sea

boy

pounced

left hand

my

talk about

Well, I

time.

put

with

up

won't

listen. We

there

lunged to^the left,

then

and

like that, and

you?"

was

side and

one

ear,

dear; and

my

about the bells,when

littlesong

on

said; "but I always did think

can

night.

at

too highly strung. How


it
moonlight is! How
looks
shines on the sea ! Oh^ my
it
dear,
volity
Frilike the drop-scene at the Old
!" And
she gave a deep sigh.
The
Countess
enjoyed talking. Her
confidence was
reallyso interestingthat
Chesska
ceased thinking how
nice it
would be to go to sleep.
Aunt
Eugenie did not begin quite at
She
the beginning.
began with the
in
hard work
over
drop-scene. It was

My

did it all mean,


to

dear. I

my

o'clock

till two

sleep

never

ale.'"

to the other,

one

fairly puzzled. What

to talk to you,

"I want

all

see

wild.

jealous
I took

was

care

so
me

never

been

wanted

never

to go

All the company

damp.

married, and they


think

in

what

his being the


to tell them

made

were

them

'Honorable.'

he was."

AVE

THE

72
And
with

the old
an

arm

on

moonlight,
the balustrade,put iip

lady

in the

MARIA
Punch's

advice to

about
tl^ose

to marry

is,'Don't!'" that's all."

fiantly, "I'm
to
hear
that. Aunt
powdered chin, facing round desorry
she
when
did
was
she
Eugenie."
just as
volity
at the Fridear!
Giulio Was
"Yes, my
a
boasting in the green room
very
handsome
in the style of a hairdresser's
man
long ago.
wax
"He died," she said; "but, candidly,
dummy, with curly hair
tired
and
One
mustache.
He pawned my jewels,
a
he bored me
gets
dreadfully.
washed
is
rosebud
he gambled away
he kept
of being told one
a
my
money;
think me
must
not
You
dew.
me
ing
with
sittingup for hours at night waitI had always too.
for him, and he would
lunge into
heartless,my dear!
the drawing room
with his hat on.
much
Oh,
heart, and both |:imesI married
I
shall never
too easilytaken in. It's so many
I was
forget it!"
I don't mind
The Countess paused, and her silversaying I
now,
ago
years
all there at the top. grey puffs and curls shook ruefully in
don't think he was
the moonlight. Both marriages had been
the
silly boy nearly missed
Why,
o'clock was
Twelve
a
disappointment. She had never
got
getting married!
be
wouldn't
into the fashionable world, in spite of
the legal hour then; you
and a thousand
married if it was
a minute
good looks and money
past twelve.
'

her

and said my
of course,
and I took too long
eight bridesmaids
he dawdled ;
getting ready. But it was
He

blamed

and

he had

to the
hand

me,

man

to

give

"

in the vestry to

of the clock.

gold, too

tip

pi^tback

on

the Riviera

and

of

great bazaar

There
the

was

to be

She

made

been

at the

at the

Albert

royalty present,

subscription list

newspapers.

up

was

in

the

her mind

to

lace
string from the pearl neckthe late Algernon had given her.

"

I used to winter
my

Hall.

final effort had

Her

sacrifice one

"

Algie! and he left me very well


provided for.'
to have
"The
a
me
lawyer wanted
cottage in the country. 'No, sir;that's
not my
style,'I said. 'Lord Featherneed
not imagine I am
wick
going to
life to keeping
devote the rest of my
The widow
of the
pigs and chickens.
is
Honorable
de
Vei'e
Sopley
Algernon
I
world.
to
not going
retire from the
So
to society.'
prefer to be an ornament

poor

time

and

"

the

Well, it's all over

arts.

do

shopping in Paris. They thought


lucky at Monte Carlo. But I never

She

was

the

Countess

Cavaletti

now,

though it was only a foreign title;and


that pearl string would, so to say, lead
the
her into the royal circle. Even
himself
Giulio
might pull
graceless
together and be allowed to follow her.
But at this part of her confidence to
the
Chesska, she passed lightly over
bazaar and her hopes of using the pearl
string,and told only the sorrowful tale
of the greatest shock she ever
got in
her life.

One
night she had sat up for the
in, he called
Count; and when he came
Uncle Giulio. It would have been the
adorable
her
an
an
owl, meaning
I had to take him
him
"I
to a
ruin of Giu.
of
one
course.
angel,
gave
quiet place like London."
withering glance," she said, "and I can
I said, 'I
did he make
"And
happy. Aunt
you
speak icilywhen I like. 'Sir,'
do not want to hear your opinion of me
Eugenie?"
dear girl," exclaimed
the
After that we
never
more.*
spoke
"Oh, my
any
!
when
"never
married
vice
adwe
to each other,except in public,
get
Countess,
My
advice of our
is exactly the famous
and
actress
became
actor, to save
heard
Punch.
of it? appearances.
Haven't
And during that state of
you

me

went

there after I met

your

poor

dear

"

THE

dear, I made up
of my pearls for

things, my
sell some
had
of

AVE

mind

my

tp
I

charity.

MARIA
bolted' to Monte
hair

my

Carlo. Is it any wonder


? He did not live long

is grey

"

beautiful necklace

of five strings, poor Giu, he was


ding
all my
widow's
fabulous value, poor
Algie's wed(I Paquin."
present. I took the necklace.
a

it at

worn

the

I took

before.)

my

hands, and

drove

and

it to Mr.

showed

is the

shop,

of money

I put
I could

and

buy

up

I wished

I said

That
vances
ad-

the most

businesslike air, as

shop }.tI

were

of

row

Attenworth's

and

room,

took
held

into

me

the

inner

under

necklace

my

round

went

round.

and

I said of

the
they were ; those pearls were
first
of
husband,
wedding present
my
the Honorable, et caetera; and I gave
course

him

Cavaletti.
have

you

Count

was

title

and

name

my

He

said

"

^the Countess

*Ah ! then, perhaps

forgotten, Madam, that the


sent by you to sell a similar

necklace about

explained that

two

months
exact

an

ago

; and

he

replicahad been

made.'
"The
and my
we

perfidy! I understood at once.


pearls I had been wearing,
The next night
were
own
gone.
I had lots
to the opera again

mock

was

went

of tickets

"

from

old friends

"

and

while

going on Giu said:


applause was
not wear
do
why
your
you
ange,
I
'Pair
said:
pearls?'
feed' (which is

have

stolen

them.'

And

K.

c.

III.

TURF

fire, right down

by it, on
There

is

course,
a

If you

"

the

the

never

sat

The

the

of

stool,

by

hook

the

transparent

is.

fire,of

half -door is closed

part

of

Irish

fireside comfort
over

lower

curtain

what

big pot
hung high up

chain.

have

little narrow

don't know

you

on

"

hearthstone.

and

across

entrance.

muslin

covers

The
Galway street is
and we sit about the
darkening otitside,
turf fire. One sees a back room
through
there
and
doubt
no
an
doorway;
open
two more
rooms
are
upstairs.
but
It is only a cottage of a row,
somewhere
there is a mysterious cow
the cow
beyond the garden. Wherever
at
lives,the milk is real. It is warmed
sip it from
evening visit and we
our
A cup, if you please,is
big white cups.
is
c-u-p-a-w-n
a
"cupawn"; of course
bul;
it is the way
to spellit,
not the way
window.

the

main

you
after that he

of Ireland.

Series.

BY

to

for traitor), 'because

Views

New

'Mon

French

is Mr.

continued.)

be

(To

Parisian

Eugenie, who

Vignettes and

the

the

of " the

thfe

nearly
globe of electric light,and we
not
real.
He
said
were
they
quarrelled.
and the
My heart stopped, and the man
room

dwell

"

at all.

"Well, he

on

for

of Uncle

nfie. Aunt

"Tell

Kirbv*^"
j.vixwj'

to

as

so

"

to wait

Giulio,or perhaps
black,
which
to give consolation.
still seemed
After
half a minute
the impatience of
the girlprompted the question:

they
pearls huge
give to a public charity,
I am
which
I mentioned.
afraid, my
not
virtues are
dear, my
heroic, and
it was
I felt it a wrench.
And
quite
horrible to risk being seen
going into
largest

from

curiosity

subject. She had

the memory
to think

on

if

liked ;

part with

to

of

Strand,

distinguished people.
ness.
forget my nervous-

the whole

full

was

I got

Paris

decent interval to let the Countess

know, where
on

Chesska

in

things

another

to the

made

to

never
on

night

and

"

in both

Attenworth.

are

precious jewelry
I shall

courage

down

must

you

the

opera

sad dog,

"

had

It

73

it, which

say

in the

cottage is the

thing. And a "cupawn


big cup; and milk is "baw

there

we

must

stop ! There

it in English.

mohr"
"
"

is

no

is

Ah,
spelling

THE

promptly

her

gave

advice

Punch's

AVE

MARIA

to

terrace

75
of

houses

is

reached,

neat

"

little houses with a few steps to their


about to marry,
applying it to the
"Don't!"
doors; and at each side of the door a
girls about to leave Ireland.
to say to them.
is the only word
few
windows
more'
a
window;
are
There
roof.
In
is a road from
close
under
the
slate
Galway city above,
towards
the sea,
of those quiet, old-fashioned
little
a
one
long road, with
houses
found
we
turnings.Rows of houses continue
lodging. It w^s a
many
all the way
at the right-hand side,large
set in walls
homely place, the windows
tachedbuilt thick against the wintei: storms,
and small, varied by fine residences dethe trees of their own
and old trees of the back garden rising
among
the
Round
last turn
close above the low roof.
one
gardens.
out on the shore of Galway Bay,
We chanced to ask from what part of
comes
rocks
and
sand.
with
broken
Father Griffin taken out to
fringed
Galway was
children
In summer
his death.
"From
The
answer
play there on the
was,
weedy margin of the water, and build the third next house ; there are but two
those

"

"

look

castles, and

stretches of white

for

crabs

sand.

On

is

side of the road

hand

now

seaside

low-roofed, white

in

little

the rightof

row

houses, with

by the people who


walk up and down
by the sea wall and
enjoy the breezes and the sight of the
not imagine
blue hills of Clare. One can
a more
tranquilspot.Here one breathes
their

hired

rooms

breath

the

of the

and

ocean

down

western

sun

go

waters.

And

yet

dazzling
tragedy

on

terrible

the

sees

happened between Galway city and this


peaceful spot ; and Barna, farther along
shed
the coast, had its owti
days of bloodand

horror,

proximity to the
sacrilege.
On

road

the

Hill there

is

as

last

well
scene

from

the

mansion

close

as

of the Galway

city

Salt

to

surrounded

by
park.

undulating and thickly wooded


Lenaboy, is probably derived
from the Gaelic words
meaning the
"yellow field,""the "golden field,"as
we
might say, yellowed with flowering
weed.
There is no such gilding on the
The
ground of Lenaboy now.
great
house
and
ground
densely wooded
became
the temporary
headquarters of
"the Auxiliaries." Evidence
points to it
an

Its name,

as

the

scene

of the

crime

that

"killed

Galway."
The

between

breathless
the

near

another
"Of

silence;

many

road
a

turn

towards
before

the
a

old

certain

his door."

had

we

come

very

"

all knew

we

there

out

little children

him.

the

on

about

He

used

road, with

him.

He

the children.

He

used

evenings' for the


people together."
So

we

low

out

go

the road.

on

trees

and

bring the

to

is

There

wall

stone

were

'little

to get up

poor,

the

would

when
talking to them
they
all for the poor
playing. He was
go

place of the tragedy. Then


question: "You knew him?"

course

be

to

this and

with

opposite,
it.
hanging over

casional
oc-

Fields

beyond; and those roofs in the dis-^.


belong to the quarter called the
Claddagh, where the Spanish ships once

are

tance

came

up

the

to the quays,

fishermen's

and

where

cottages

this place looks

behind

still sees

one

the ruins of the merchants'

houses.

So

the fieldstowards

across

the Claddagh.
We

the

go

lodging and
There

it is with

of steps, an
one

down

few

the road

church, beyond
That

was

raided

only for

one

flight

at the side under

Stillfarther

windows.

is the Jesuit house


a

our

Griffin's house.

ivied front,

archway

of the upper

fuchsia.

an

between

paces

Father

high

house

bijildingstanding back

one-sided

citytakes

houses

"

and

hedge of red
a

from

substantial
the road

night by fiftymen,

search. They broke

"

but

the door

AVE

THE

76

MARIA

horror that comes


in before the rector could get the key to
of greater knowledge.
these
formed
uniof
and
while
the
some
Through
length and breadth
open it;
of the land, in thousands of homes, the
roughs burst into the hall,one
in by a
climbed
atit)citiesof these times are
of their number
branded

They carried off papers of no


importance, and a few specimens of
Griffith's Republican stamps,
Arthur
which
were
being kept as historical
doubt found their way
and
no
curios,
best
to
the
loot
buyer.
as
the road, the
down
Farther
yet
at
both
sides, a;nd we
cottages are
turned into a little shop and bought
biscuits. It is a very
general
poor

of the people. What


they to think of English rule and
What
English methods?
are
they to
think of the sending over, of brutalized

"Did you know Father Griffin?"


is asked again. Before his mother could
the boy of fifteen broke out
answer,

view, was

window.

store.

with

one

him,
"

impulsive word:

And

then

man

on

at the cottage, where

sipped hot milk from


cups,

asked

and

knew

this earth,that's
Griffin was."

the best
Father

what

'7

sat

about

again the

same

we

the large white


the turf fire,v\'e

question: "Did
The

whole

into the memories


are

armed

men

with

full powers

to

rorize
ter-

and

what

burn

and

Ask

slay?
they think of Cromwell.

man,

and

woman

the

scorns

Everj'

knows

and

after three hundred

name

Even

years.

child

them

from

there

England's point of

ever

blunder like the

colossal blunder
in Ireland?

of the reign of terror


If the nations are ever
to
'

become

friends,why
let loose

Power

did the stronger


of torturers

horde

nation, and create a


tradition of cruelty"worse than Cromwell's
upon

the smaller
time"?

"This

month,"

shot up for

place was

the poor
turf fire. She told how
says

woman

whole

by the

they had the


and
the
wooden
shutters
early,
group
here!"
in
to
closed
often
had
be
the
he
was
name.
window,
against
"Why,
and the door kept fast,and not a ray
The old man
lefthis work and bent over
of
into the circle. Love, horror, tion
indignalight shown; and then the lorries
in
went
the road, "firing
were
poured out, in whispers,
up and down
shots on each side at everything."Only
in shuddering outbursts,three
silences,
in the morning, or a day or two later,,
voices at a time.
The child lost her
rors
shyness and found a tongue to talk of by word of mouth they heard the horthat happened.
the priestwho had played with her on
the road and given her a shillingfor
We
were
talking there of less sad
speaking Irish. With the little face things,trying to learn the Gaelic again,
the
and
and laughing to hear the long phrases
quivering with
eagerness,'
she
hair
round
bright
hanging
it,
bafflingus, because half a sentence
down
word.
bare feet from her
We
were
on
slipped
joined up like one
stool. "They killed the priest!" she
cheerilyemployed after all the sorrows,
when a man's voice,mellow and gentle,
gasped out, with a horror the nearest
said, "I hope I don't inthrude?"
thing to infinite.
at the
From
took a seat beside us
He
generation to generationthese
things will go down to the Ireland of turf fire. And after a time we were
the future. That child will remember
back at the tragedy again; for, of all
and tellthe tale when the rosy face is men
that
on
earth,he was the very man
shrivelled and the bright hair is grey.
lifted the body of Father Griffin out of
it with the added
She will remember
the bog.

you

know

Father

woke

into

Griffin?"

excitement

at

the

curfew

(To be continued.)

AVE

THE

St.

THE

BY

^LL

REV.

down

With
Thou
To

joy

E.

G.

deep

M.

ROPE,

thronging

too

for

A.

Rome's

forever

I.

Thou

it

defiled,

passest o'er the fearful

Blithe

maiden

and

Sweet
Serene
The

world

The

wicked

city bows
by

Thou

seemest

searing

Nor

Satan's

Athwart

thee,

martyr, holy Agnes.

The

to feel

not
flame

world

rage^nor

crowd

nor

casteth

sunshine

thy
Sweet

steel;

or

in the hollow trees.


Robin

as

purity.

utter

Sweet

to

cloud,

martyr, holy Agnes.

that the great feast fell

and violets
early.Primroses, anemones,
peeped up in moss-dale woods. Squirrels
leaped joyously from bough to bough;
of the woodpeckers
the tip-tap^
was

control;

dost

chanced

so

heard

soul.

happy
thou

Captived

scene.

majestic queen.

martyr, holy Agnes.

and

in

strels,
of pilgrimages, minlong processijOns,
tournaments, and May-poles ; and

martyr, holy Agne^.

world"

perfect charity
cast

Thou

from

Who

art

out

from

thee;

last

God's

in

hand.

martyr, holy Agnes.


and

crowning

all the

Of

earthly princes after-flow'r.

Princess

Claudian

grace

Of

race.

of Heaven's

Sweet

homage
forth

Along

brown

children's

thy

And

sinners

Grown

Nomentan

spray

Way,

faces

reflected
in

thy pleading

Sweet

martyr,

free

smile

from

guile,

holy Agnes.

narrow

)vas

shortest life is long enough if it


lead to a better,and the longest life is
short if it do not.
Colton.
"

set
gave

and

of map,

found
marked

Pilgrims Way
the right way.

The

on

this to Uncle

Austin

lived here," thought Robin,

once

pace.

to

long,,
square-

cated
of gray
rubble, dedito St. Walstan, and walked up the
pathway into the porch, which
church

holy water
bench, on
and
fer"
"gaf"grannie"
a
talked
of
the
rested, and

fitted

stoup,
which

The

"I'm

towered

bright

kind

and

he quickened his
By and by he came

light.

little children

rude

Wood

it.

had
"as

martyr, holy Agnes.

With

drawn

priest who

thee

looked sad for

eyes

but for only a moment;


for,
the
ever
on
juggler'sball,he was
Then
rebound.
he slung his harp across
his shoulders
and tramped on
again.
After a while he left the wood behind,
and found himself on a broad, white,
of
road.
He glanced at a square
open
parchment in his pouch, on which waS

on

of almond

waves

loved

the
Sweet

See

in

unto

the

Carrs

see!

"

Breaks

hour,

martyr, holy Agnes.

See, holy maiden,


Earth's

this

court

tide
noon-

moment,

like

thyselfthyselfhast bann'd.
already

Sweet
Thou

fear

was

entered

forest,unslung his harp, seated himself


comfortably on a grassy
knoll, drew
cakes from
his pouch, and ate
some
them to the last crumb.
Still hungry,
to
he
said
"Robin,"
himself, "thou must
foot it farther, and
what
luck
see
awaits; must play and sing for a plate
o' hot pie."
a

Hath

It

the minstrel

His merry
For

Court.

Eastertide
Old England, the
ITEngland
of Mary's Dower, of stately
was

captive heart.

Page.

RYEMAN.

Carrs

"

radiant, spotlesschild,

Amid

the

NORA

BY

years,.

tears,

thy blissful light impart

dost

Sweet
0

Robin

Agnes.

H,

the

77

MARIA

many

had

discovery of

with

up

and

the West, where

wooden

strange New
nuts

as

big

World
as

in

infants'

THE

78

AVE

palm trees, and men


picked up silver as boys did pins and
Robin
needles in the woods.
dipped
and
his forefinger in the holy water

heads

on

grew

into the church.

went

MARIA

have

and

flowers

tapers;

shrine of St. Walstan, with

Holy Rood

the

out

it into the box

by Our

had

lit

taper and

left

been

an

of

remembrance

cai*essing voice
he

whom
now

and

him

in

were

more

mothers

used

his

frail

to

dim

with

woman

soft

and

dark

eyes,

call "mudder";

and

recurred to
again her memory
wanderings, and his Aves

his

fervent.
link

us

All kind and

to the

Mother

tender
of God.

here; and

I
my

Uncle
He

bound?"

alone in the world?"

then

I have

no

Austin

died."

near

relative since

told his sympathetic hearer

of his lifewith his uncle, of his learning


the

the

you

of minstrelsy, and

art

to lead
"Think

He

knelt down.

orphan, but had

far from

Silverbridge."

"Yea.

canvas

it,dropped
Lady's shrine;

coin from

bag, and, taking


then

sanctuary
beyond.

drew

minstrel

oxen

"To
"Art

my

its figureof

the

over

arch, and the tabernacle


The

the

on

his white

saint and

the herdsman
on

"Whither

woodland

hives not

littlefriends,the bees,provide me
with
far?"
horiey for feast-days. Hast come
"From
London, Father."

fair, sweet temple it was!


The
sunlight fell through unpainted
the
windows
benches, on
on
many
of
shrine of Our Lady, with its vases
What

likes sweets.

table,saying: "Youth

his resolve

minstrel's life.
twice

it,boy," counselled
ures
"By and by the pleasof the world will pall upon
you;
of

Franciscan.

will tiro of them

as

children

do of

Littlegingerbread at a fair. Farmer


proud needs a boy to help the shepherd.
It might be wiser to be that same
boy,
and bide here. Shall I speak for you?"
"Nay, good Father.. It is kind to
lad.
I'd
think of a wandering
But
the booths in that same
see
sooner
big
fair and buy and eat the ginger nuts."

"I see
went straight
will have your
way;., but
you
-the Good Shepherd can bring His sheep
a
onward, and soon found himself near
home from all pastures. Wilt bide here
river debouching into a silvery broad,
A
fair
flitted.
wild
birdsthe
which
over
to-night?"
to
I am
on
bridge crossed the water; and at the
"Nay, Father.
my
way
door
made
Uncle Austin once
head of it was
Carrs Court.
a chantry, at whose
with
friar ,-^a man
stood a brown-robed
an
image of Our Lady for Sir Thomas,
whose
and he spoke of him as of one
beard. Father
a kindly face and
a grey
kind."
Phocas by name.
heart was
"Blessed be God !" said the friar,with
is a good
"He said truth ; Sir Thomas
devout cheerfulness.
a
Catholic,and a real scholar."
"In His angels and in His saints!"
"They do say tl\atthe Lady sPiana is a
Court beauty," rejoined Robin.
responded the youth.
and rest, my
"Enter
son," said the
Shepherd lead her
"May the Good
home
also!
chantry priest.
May we all find rest and
feet!"
Robin
accepted the invitation,and
place at His Blessed Mother's
said Father Phocas, solemnly.
duly found himself in a cell-like room
"Amen!"
adjoining the oratory.
replied Robin, and he then
"Art hungry, son?" asked the priest, asked for a blessing,thanked
his host
went
and
for
his
kindly.
once
more
kindness,
Robin owned that he was
and
Father
his way.
;
on
Passing through a field,
bran loaf and a jar
Phocas set a brown
far dis
he asked a goose boy if he was
of honey before him, on the shelf-like tant from Carrs Court.

He

left the church.and

THE

"Nay, 'tis near.


house you'llcome
his seat

from

"picked
till he

on

'Tis the

the lad

the stile. And

Robin

tramped along

the cliimneys of

saw

homestead

first fine

to," shouted

his feet" and

up

AVE

large

grey

the gi-eenrising up
rightly guessed that the place
amidst

ery,

and

was

Carrs

Court.

Passing through the white gates, he


walked
and
up the long beech avenue
reached a wide yard, full of hayricks,
and turkeys. Facing the door
geese
was
a pump;
for, owing to some
queer
architectural
to the back

where

was

The
and

freak, the beech


of the house, and

the

rear

minstrel

bided

walk

led

should have been.

stood by the open


doer
not
But he had

his time.

she

Robin.

saw

"Oh," she cried joyously, "a big boy


with
a
harp! Play to me, please! I
was
going to feed the chickies,but I'll
hear

the music

79

hearth; there

beautifully carved
polished floor had a
farthest
tiger skin
(brought from
The lightfell through
India) for a rug.
like one
in
a
painted window
a
in
of
letters
church, on which,
gold and
blazoned the Carrs' family
purple, was
Vanitas.
motto, Omnia
In one of the ingle-nooks,toying with
at her feet, sat a beautiful
hound
a
in
a
primrose-tinted silken
woman,
and

screens,

coif, or
mode

introduced
Anne

rather

or

to them,

he.

And

came

him

in, dad,
"

Robin

ask him

hall to play to mother and


the fairy,seizinghis hand
up

and

"A

The

young

maid

at the

Court

of

Here, in France, she met her


cousin. Sir Thomas
Carr,

mistress

became

of Carrs

Court.

The

be at Windsor

me," pleaded
and jumping

glia,and

so

Follow

me."

lad

obeyed him, nothing loath,


and
followed
him
into a large oakpanelled hall,hung round with armor,
ancient weapons,
and deers' antlers. A
great wood fire burned on the marble

in East

better than

An-

of her time

she spent much

at Court.

she

left off

she

Robin,

saw

pulling the dog's ears, and bade


him
by the fire. She gave

him

sit

French

big piece of cake, and a


goblet of hot wine and water, talking
Cicely tossed a
merrily the while.
sweets, and

told him.
here.

of honor

when

When

from

rich

into the

down.

far town

dark,

left off

"Quiet, quiet,Ciss!" said Sir Thomas


Carr.
hast come
"Where
from, boy?"
Robin

her

cabbages in the cabbage patch may love


but the butterflyloves the
the butterfly,
flower garden ; and Diana Carr liked to

playing.
"Ask

tress
Mis-

he came
with his royal master,
Henry VIII., to the Field of the Cloth of
he asked the bright
Gold; and when
amongst
tall, beauty to wed him, she consented and
a

dark, grave-lookinggentleman, to whom


the others gave
dour?"
place. "So, a troubasaid

enhanced

by

its coquettish

the instrument

brought listeners;and
them,

France

new

beauty, which put the beholder in mind


a ruby, or, better still,
rose.
a damask
It Was
Lady Diana, the only daughter
of Basil,Earl of Thetford, who had led
a
wandering life on the Continent for
before
he died, owing to his
years
the
having incurred
-displeasure of
Henry VII. He had died all but penniless,
leaving his daughter Diana
a
Francis.

of the voice and

from

Her

velvet.

of the last

of

maternal

sound

brown

Boleyn; and

richness

first."

The

with

headdress, was

smiled, and swept the harp


strings,then began singing a littlesong.

Robin

were

the

slashed

gown,

the front

A dark, sparkling-eyed
long to wait.
child, in a rose-colored
frock, with a
basket of corncobs
in her hand, came
and paused
along the stone passage,

when

MARIA

white

ball

woollen

Thomas

looked

When

Robin

on

about,

and

Sir

pleasaiitly.

had

ended

the recital of

his adventures. Sir Thomas

turned

to

THE

80

AVE

"Son, be advised by me,


and give over
wandering. Bide here,
and help me
with my manuscripts. You
him

and

can

assist in

said

and

ways;

many

when
ballad

the day is over, you can give us a


and tell a tale. The green
pasture is
better than the long road; a roof over
is better than

head

your

tree, when

the

rain

and

bed under
snow

come

down."
For

you,

instant

an

Robin

mute

was

"

an

instant

; then he said

good Sir Thomas,


but I feel bound

only

climbed

and

himself

in

"

for your
ness;
kindto go to Silver-

of old times."

as

in the
also!"

for birds to preen


I were
Would
sun.

beside

lifted the latch.


a

low-roofed

wood

fire in

one

He

found

where,

room,

of the large

sat spiningle-nooks,an aged woman


ning.
The peace
"Good-even, mother!
of God be on you !" said Robin, softly.

"It is with

me,

son.

and

Enter

sit

thee

Lady Diana clapped her hands and


laughed merrily. "Well spoken, Master
for youth to
Robin!
'Tis as natural
love Courts

as Robin, footsore,hungiy and


sleepy,
harp on his back, marched
"At
up.
last!" said he to himself,feelingthat at
length he had gained the outer walls
of his earthly paradise. He knew
that
he was
too late for admittance, and
looked round for a restingplace.
Perched
atop of a grassy knoll,near
the pound, was
small house, an ana
cient
cottage; and up the slope he

"I thank

bridge and find a friend my uncle had


there.
Besides, to say truth, I would
play and sing to the King and Queen,
like troubadours

MARIA

selves
them-

going

the response;
and,
down," was
he
nothing loath,
accepted.
The
Purnelle
Fancott, a
woman,
watchman's
widow, had dark, searching
eyes,

but

eyes

said, "I

most

winsome

mean

smile.

to know

If the

all about

thee," the smile added, "and to do thee


Sir Thomas
looked grave.
"Youth
good, if I can."
need have grey beards, wisdom, and exFrom
earthen jar on the hob issued
an
perience
most
to walk straight and safely in
a
appetizing odor of cooked
the savory
mess
royal lands," he said; "for they are
meat, tempting as was
of pottage to Esau
in days of yore.
to
places in which it is easy for men
Fancott filled
lose their heads, women
their purity, Without
a word, Mistress
and youth its innocence.
As my friend, a yellow bowl with the soup, crumbled
Sir Thomas
said to me:
some
More, once
rye bread into it,and put it into
'When
Robin's hands.
living with monarchs, 'tis well
to live ever
him a big wooden
Then
she handed
if in the presence
of the
as
said under
her
breath:
and
greatest King, the King Eternal and
spoon,
In the front chamber
Invisible.'
"Speak low, son.
After this there was
too
there be two wayfarers who
were
silence for some
the
thou
late
into
for entrance
moments,
a silence which
city,as
at last was
wert.
broken by the Knight asking his young
They be foreigners, and were
guest to give them the popular ballad of brought to me by a watchman, who said
friends of the King's
the "Blind Beggar of Bethnal Green and
that they were
his Pretty Bessie."
chief cook, who came
with him."
Robin
the speaker a merry
gave
II. The
Chamber
over
the
Porch.
glance, and, after finishing his soup,
Night had fallen; the carillon was
not
said :
"Fret
yourself, good
playing in the old brown
I
the
not
disturb
belfry;
mother.
shall
their sleep,
watchmen
were
keeping watch
and
neither will they mine."
He put his
ward in their towers
the city walls, wooden
on
back in the basin,placed
spoon
from which floated the royal standard. his harp near
the window, took off his
"

"

"

THE

shoes, and followed


sanded stairs.

his hostess

up

AVE
the

MARIA

81

noiselesslydown the sanded stairs,and,


leaving a silver piece from his scanty

The
store on
chamber
the porch had a
the dresser for kind Dame
over
truckle-bed,at the head of which was
a
Fancott, put the box of almonds in his
to
crated
pouch, and hurriedly made his way
holy water stoup and a branch of conseThere
rushThere
much
was
a
a
was
palm.
city gate.
bottomed chair,and the floor was
pets
nicely bustle and blowing of horns and trumThe
sanded.
chamber
the walls. The royal standard
on
opened into an
dicated
inin
and
the widow
seemed
was
adjoining room;
unfurled, the warders
it with a warning look, crossed
fine feather.
herself and withdrew.
"Hello,Master Minstrel ! What want
Robin
knelt down
committed
and
you?" sang out one.
himself
to the care
of the All Father
"To see Mayor Royle, if you please,"
above; then he slipped into bed. In so
repliedRobin ; and one of the watchmen
doing, he felt something under his feet ; soon brought the chief magistrate to the
Silver Street Gate.
and, upon picking it up, found it was an
oval box full of almonds.
Robin looked curiously at the merryBeing partial
in a blue linen blouse
to goodies,he was
about to put one into
looking littleman
and cloth cap, and handed
his mouth, when
him a letter
to
something seemed
with which his uncle had entrusted
restrain him, and he placed the box oh
him.
so!"
the chair.
said
"So,
Royle, crossing himself
The truckle-bed was
comfortable, and
"My old crony has gone by the Upland
to "knit
he was
tired. Sleep soon
came
Way (God rest his soul!),and left you,
How
the raveled sleeve of care."
his nevvy,
as a legacy to ine. Well, well,
up
he
not
not
to it. Follow me,
will
he
he
could
but
we
long
slept
say
say;
nay
men's
lad."
awakened
was
by the sound of
my
voices in the adjacent room.
Robin
went
So
They spoke
onward, by the
in English with a pronounced foreign Mayor's
side, through the narrow
.

streets, with

accent.

"How
said

is this nlan to be approached?"


voice.

"When

their hooded

houses

and

tall Gothic

buildings. He looked with


keen, observant eyes, noting the dyers
with
their stained arms
and
hands,
listeningto the click-clack of the looms ;

find yourself inside the


you
citygates, ask for Master Wagstaff, and
they will take you to the guildhall but he did not know that the ancient
in
kitchen.
There you may
the Nuremberg
of England,
a man
city was
see
world
white
linen
famous
the
entire
for
a
jacket,with the badge of
throughout
the Rose and Crown
its silks,its tapestries,its art work of
Go
on
one
arm.
and say, 'Fanfare of Trumpets'
painted windows, carved
wood, and
up to him
and
he
will
live
the
'Long
sculpture.
;
answer,
"See there," said Royle, pointing to
King!'"
"And then?"
of canvas
booths on a large plain.
rows
"Then you will give him the almonds,
to it from
"This is our fair. Men
come
many,
all parts
the
from Musco\'y, Austria, Gerare
saying, 'These
Varingian
almonds.'
sion
That will be all. Your misand Poland, and each hath his
will be ended.
We shall take ship." appointed place. I am
bishop's steward
"Good!" rejoined the other voice; and
this year, and have appointed the king
there was
of the fair. There are gay doings here,
and no more
silence,
sleep for
Robin.
boy. No other town holds a great fair
When
time."
morning dawned, he slipped and a great king at the same
"

"

THE

AVE

pine branches and other greeneiy.


A dark-eyed,kindly-lookingwoman
was
seated at a spinning wheel; a tall,
slight girl,blue-eyed and fair-haired,
was
peeling apples; a youth, who was
apparently her brother, was
carving a
curls
toy, and a little boy with sunny
him
was
watching
anxiously.
"Wife, children," said the Mayor, "I
Robin
bring you an old friend's newy,

MARIA

83

with

the

minstrel.
hie

must

wait

Make

stranger. We

mother

With
the

kindly

After

made

kind

as

over

to

his departure. Mistress

Royle
boy, gave him his
him "sonnie," in one

of the

"

word, mothered
"Would

him.

like to bide with

you

learn to paint windows


him

in the

places, and

see

strange

asked

cart

and

us

father

as

with

done?"

mem.ber

walk

of the Painters'

processions
queried blue-eyed

in the

some

to

one

for thee?"

look

after

said the housemother,

gently.
a

ambition

moment

the lad's breast.


Courts

and

He

slumbered

in

forgot all about

kings and

queens.

The

quiet, the sweet

kindliness of this good

Catholic

appealed

house

pride of life went


wander

answered

fever

is the

of withes

spot
dinar

and

burn,

reeds

at

not

far
of
an

most

banks

arise

dream,
chapel)

ever

"

cell (and

waters

would

here

his

the green

on

great civiiizers

Scotland

he builded

when

second

of the two

one

"

barbarian

lovely

of the

Molin-

from

away

the

the

Clyde, that

immense

centre

of

trade and population,v.ith ramifications


in eveiy

quarter of the globe. To-day


and motto are iounded on
city arms
St. Kentigern and
traditions of him;
and fondly proud Glasgov/ is in having
them.

For

more,

it has

to

humbled

left his

him;
away;

veins, and

the
the
he

alike.
in

Forth,
came

con

of

"Dear

Mistress,kind children,I'd like


well to bide with you."
(Conclusion

next

week.)

sixth

holy
youth

north

borders
of

of Wales

the

To

Kentigern,
princess of the

from

the

the

called

folk vrhose country

and- Lorth

of

St. Serf,

man,

Brltcns,
"

there

century

the

on

Thenew,

extended
to

Forth.

Argyle
the

When

called to
Kentigern was
came,
seed
in
the
hearts
of the
tl:e
good
plant

time

Celts in the

savage

of

west

Slolindinar

burn

the

and

preached and taught.

first to call the


In order

began. To
The
round
The
whose

hung

the

worship.
bell

on

service
be

this day the bell may

seen

arms.

converts

Christianity settled

to

St. Kentigern's

him, and

about

pagan

was

^vhen the

it

rung

Glasgow's

on

settled,

He

v.ild tribes to

to do this, he

tree, and

Scotland.

he

By

influence

the

Culross,

him

and

years

cherished, the memory


of
saint in Catholic and
Protestant

eras

Early
in

hundred

thirteen

its patron

Wattie, the elder brother.

cities,

as

play wi' Sandy, our


doggie?"
in the sunny-haired little one,
chimed
eagerly.

For

of

does,

"An'

fend

did he

to far-oiT

Jean.

have

largest
city in the British Empire. But
it IS Glasgow's proudest thought that
St. Kentigern is its patron saint. Little

River

through the town?"

thee and

Saint.

TOURNEUR.

N.

LASGOW

lived

Guild, and

"And

BY

I've

"Yes, and be

City'sPatron

the

m.an.

much

go

hand

and the lad felt drawn

breakfast, called

to

his words,

as

his

passed

curls

Great

sparkling

impulse

speaker

the

father

must

him."

an

Robin's

Bishop's Palace and


Majesties. Have a care

of this young

and

welcome.

to the

me

their

on

him

grew

increased

and

king

territory he

of the holy man's

of
was,

apace.

Strathclyde,
grew

v/onderful

in

envious

influence

THE

84

his people, and harassed him so


that he was
obligedto take refuge

among

much
in

AVE

Wales.

founded

he

There

what

MARIA

A Virtue More

THE
recall

Admired

than

Cultivated.

probably
perience
boyish exwhich evoked from his father,
or
schoolmaster, the indignant remark,
"You're enough to try the patience of
Job"; and a good many
remember
the
curious mental picture that sprang
into
being when first they heard that Miss
Here he continued
the "Beloved."
or
Mrs. So-and-so looked "like patience
or
his good work, and wrought miracles.
on
at grief." In the
a monument
sitiiling
A robin redbreast,in a dying condition, Book of Job and other
portions of Holy
was
brought to him by a sobbing child ; Writ, as well as in Shakespeare and
he restored it to life;and to-day the
of
other
scores
profane
writers,
bird perches at the top of the tree that
is
lauded
in terms of the highpatience
est
the city'swell-known
surmounts
motto,
it be
commendation; and, whether
Tradition has
"Let Glasgow Flourish."
considered
natural
as
a
a
or
natural
superit that
St. Kentigern provided for
virtue,it is well worth thinking
bodies as well as souls; that he taught
about
and acquiring.
bishopric of St. Asaph's,
now
an
English See,
the
death of his persecutor, St.
On
Kentigern returned to his old home in
little settlement
His
Strathclyde.
his
became
a centre of population, and
of "Mungo,"
him the name
folk gave
the

became

average

man

can

than

more

one

"

the

folk

to

sow

ploughed land with


that he had

tamed

with

and

stag

kindness.

much

means

in the attainment

to him

character

habit

she

enables

Kentigern's

stands

Thenew,

mother,

in her old age, and in his


buried where
died, and was

St. Enoch's

chapel,and later

Square. There a
erected
church, were

altered
to her memory.
Her name
was
by the speech of the place into St.

Tennoch,

and

as

time

went

on

into

St. Enoch.

be Christian.

Other

citieshave
has

hers,

cast

word
in our
language
The
greatest is God.
word
expressing the shortest time is
Now.
the
The
three together make
of
and
sweetest
man.
duty
greatest
The

dearest
The

"

Anon.

defined
of

habit of mind

or

without

that

as

mind

which/

for

In"^
stillanother

forbearance

means

that enables

discontent

to happen.
it

one

thing
some-

sense,

leniency,as in

or

the plea of the servant to his lord mentioned


in the Gospel: "Have
patience
and I will pay

with me,
as

thee all." Now,

little reflection will suffice to

very

of these
one
senses
show, in any
patience is a quality the possession of
which can easilyaffect both one's peace
and one's material interests,
of mind
one's comfort

is Love.

be

to
suffer
afflictions,
other
evil
calamity, provocation, or
with a calm, unruffled temper.
It is
endurance
without
complaint or fretfulness ; or, in a more
specific
sense, the

other

their patron saints: Glasgow


and is proud of him.

or

of

personal happiness,

one

to wait

great civilizer of heathen


it is
Scotland, St. Columba, came,
known, from his island home in lona to
visit St. Kentigern; and, doubtless,the
two
held sweet
communion
holy men
forward
to
the day
together, looking
all "Caledonia, stern and wild,"
when
would

natural virtue,the cultivation of

and

came

The

As
which

worldly success
patience may

St.

care

wolf

himself

and

corn,

and

one's

fortune.

Its

importance has been recognized by all


cerned
judicious philosophers who have conthemselves

with

the

essentials

in the supreme
art of living.
"He
that can
have patience," says
Franklin, "can have what he will." "To

of

success

THE
know

how

hesitate

to

wait," De Maistre

to say,

AVE

does not

"is the great secret

"Patience

MARIA
for

85

relief and

is the

key

of

assured

his

ers;
follow-

change, but

intolerance

of

of

also

nounced
pro-

whatever

or hinders, and
even
passionate
last sense
it is
vehemence, in which
and a Chinese
ful
proverb declares:
closelyakin to anger, and is the fruitof many
"Patience is power;
with time and pasins. We are guilty
source
tience,
of
the mulberry leaf becomes
silk." of impatience when, on
account
the
valued
Ruskin
untoward
vexatious
or
quality highly: something
"There's
music
in a 'rest,'
to an
but there's
inorno
affecting us, we
give way
the making, of music in it. And
people dinate and too great a desire to be freed
are
always missing that part of the life from it.
Such a desire may
melody, always talking of persevereasily lead us to
ance
and courage
and
and fortitude ; but paquerulousness
quasi-complaint
tience
is the finest and worthiest part of
Divine
Providence
for having
against
To
and
the
too."
afflicted
and
the querulousness may,
us ;
rarest,
fortitude,
conclude this littlestring of quotations, and not uncommonly
does, bring about
let Henry Ward
Beecher have his say:
lack of confidence in God, if not incipient
such thing as preaching
is no
"There
These
and
similar
blasphemy.
feelings find their expression in words
patience into people unless the sermon
is so long that they have to practise it
tuous
and actions that are the reverse
of virwhile
learn
hear.
No
commendable.
can
man
or
they
the various trials of life in
patience except by going out into the
Among
hurly-burly world, and taking life just which it especiallybehooves us to preserve
it blows.
is but lying to
Patience
there
our
as
tranquillityof mind
and riding out the gale."
be mentioned, in particular,sickness,
may
ever,
hownatural
Not as a mere
of
reverses
our
quality,
fortune,
relapses
tue,
into sin, and
the pressure
but rather as a supernatural virof many
is patience not only most
and onerous
duties appertaining to our
worthy
of our
easily callingor state in life. As for sickness
consideration,but most
this viewpoint, pabodily suflferingof any kind, it is
practised. From
tience or
in
not always a calamity, but rather very
consists
preserving one's
eties
often a grace,
a
serenity of mind amid all the contrariblessing, though it
stead
in
of this life for the love of God.
disguise. Accordingly, inappear
to
of losing our temper and growing
These concluding words are essential
to
irritable when
called upon
the adequacy of the definition ; for it
we
are
play
disendure such sufifering,
should receive
should be obvious that a man
we
may
it with equanimity, if we
fested
not do
all the exemplary patience manican
did
and
accord
the
as
saints,
a
it,
by Job, and still,if he lacks
more,
of
has
conduct
welcome.
of
Our
intention,
or
no
course
thought
purity
proper
is pointed out to us in Ecclesiasticus :
of obeying or
by his
pleasing God
words
and
"Wait on G(od with patience; join thyself
actions, he has not risen
to the supernatural plane, and has not
to God
and endure, that thy life

success."

Mohammed

thwarts

tent,"
con-

"

"

merited

other

any

than

for his natural


True

patience may,

understood

natural

its

teristics
charac-

o^\josite. Impatience
only restlessness under
existingconditions,or an eager desire
signifies not

may

Take

perhaps, be best

by consic' ling the


of

ward
re-

virtue.

be

increased

all that

thee, and

in thy

thy humiliation
and
silver are
acceptable
humiliation."

men

in

the

sorrow

latter

brought

shall be

end.
upon

endure, and

in

keep patience.For gold


tried in the fire,but*
in

the

furnace

of

AVE

JTHE

86

MARIA
Protestant

and

Notes

Remarks.

physicians,and only six

men

600
with
Protestant
compared
doctors,engaged at present in
the missions
of Africa, China
and
as

women

who

imperturbablecitizens

Those

can

reign of lawlessness in
this country, and who deny, in spite of
see

signs of

no

all evidence to the contrary, that


is

wave

States, should

have

undertaken

interest

in
so

action of the Attorney-General


States in calling the

fact that two

to promote

mission

the unprecedented

note

United

the

of

Accordingly,the

largestCatholic schools for

our

crime

it,especiallyin the

rollingover

Eastern

India.
of

active

an

affairs is

like to think, of

we

nurses

binger,
har-

medical

apostolatewhich is to become worthy of


foreign missions."
And
yet, small though the figures
shall we
of
forget the hundreds
seem,
devoted
Sister nurses
the foreign
on
undoubted
whose
missions, nurses
skill and sympathetic attention restores
our

to
York
prosecutors of New
Federal
prosecutors of the
and means
State, in order to plan ways
ment
for better co-operation in the 'enforce-

county

meet

the

"

It is said that

law.

of criminal

United

between

conferences

similar

health

States attorneys and district attorneys


As regards
to be held in other States.
are

that

New

York, it is frankly admitted

the

enforcement

be done

to put

that

thing
some-

end to the

an

in

comparative immunity of criminals


State

contains

which

population and
of the

State

Daugherty
There

to initiate action.

in the

cheaper

or

the

of

quarter of the wealth

Attorney-General
where

tenth

country.

whole

Union

natives

to the conquest of their

The

contributes

and

souls?

Dublin

correspondent of the
Universe, discussing the recent
debate in the Dail Eireann, stresses a
point v/hich most Americans
probably
think
altogether negligible; and, so
bate
thinking, attribute the protracted deLondon

altogether inefficient,and
must

is

laws

of

the

to

where

knew

is

to the

Irishman's

instinctive love

for

intellectual or physical. The


a fight,
is
that the opposition of very
point

no

life is held

property is so insecure
The police force of
York.

where

of the

many

members

of the Treaty
stubborn

the

to

due

was

tion
ratifica-

not

to any

dislike for that Treaty, but to

in Nev/
as
their scruplesabout violatingtheir oath
altothe metropolis,though considered gether
of fealty to the Irish Republic. Says
inadequate, is larger than Gen.
the correspondent in question:
need
Grant thought our standing army
Hence
a
large part of the debate turned
be after the Civil War.
abstract, ethical and

on
as

Persons

conversant

foreign missions
know
is one

with the needs

in any

of

soever,
country what-

to the

and

the

naming
any

nature

technical

of their oath

real effect of the oath


the

other

King.

I do

not

arguments

to the
in

know

country in the world

Republic,
Treaty

the

if there

in which

is

stitutional
con-

apostolate
debate on issues vital to the nation
considerations
of moral
would
turn so much
on
important, as it is one
the arguments
on
one
theology, or in which
neglected,adjuncts of the
that the medical

of the most

of the most
missionaries.

The

editor of the

Ben-

side

or

the other

would

take

so

careful

an

count
ac-

theologianswould say of moral


the recent organization
on
galese, commenting
speaker after another told
obligation. One
of Catholic
of two
groups
he said theologianshad told him.
the Dail what
It was
of the -strongestof Sinn Feiners,
one
into mission
societies,writes:
nurses
famous
for
its
const/ uency
a
representing
clusive
Exthese.
facts are
"The unadorned
Peace
Jwelt
the
who
on
quality,
fighting
of native medical help,there are
I think,when
to prayer.
Treaty as an answer
only two Catholic as compared with 500
to the enjoyment of
Ireland has settled down
of what

AVE

THE
liberty in its

its

look forward
view

of

morals

Free

new

to

State, we

in regard
own
politics.

There

point of

relations of

doubt

be much

not

can

the

to

its
to

surely

may

with

Parliament

to

as

deepest students of
Irish
uniformly
the
question have
basic difficultyhas
stated that the
always been that the Irish,eminently a
stood
been underspiritualpeople,have never
by so materialistic a nation as the
English nation.
this last point. The

MARIA

87

caption,"Santo
Mercier," Mr.

the

Cardinal

Domingo's
H.

Ernest

an
Gruening contributes to the Nation
interestingsketch of Archbishop Nouel,
of question and
and gives, in the form

report of

answer,

with

interview

an

cluding
distinguished prelate. The conqueries of the interviewer and
of
the Archbishop's repliesthereto are
than passing interest :
more

that

What

Q.

have

message

the

for

you

justice-loving
people of the United States,
have
been, at least until
nearly all of whom
in
uninformed
the
events
on
recently,
very
Santo
Domingo and Haiti during the last five
for the
I have
A. The
years?
only message
people of the United
libertyand justice-loving
it seems
States
is that
impossible that the
same
people who so generously poured out and
defence

same

their

blood
of

best of its manhood

the

of

libertyshould

at the

same

in

time

prive
de-

small
a
liberty-lovingpeople of that
libertyand independence which has been
a
birthright and privilege for almost

century.

Q.

What

of
falls

should, in your
Dominican

judgment,
sponse
people if the re-

present American

Government

course

be followed

by
the

short

the

fulfillingtheir

of

A.

The
only
God, to whom
patiently.

course
we

I know

trust

our

of

convictions.

characterized

many

years

From

the day

the death

of

of the

was

covered
dis-

resolute

man

of Trier, to

the soul-tryingperiod following the


war.

of the

ancient
and

Rome

cent
re-

Catholics in the neighborhood

city which

the

Rhine

linked

once

knew

that

their

father, giving his life to


energetic spiritual relations
preserve
between
Germany and the See of Peter.
The
venerable
born
on
prelate was
was

November

2, 1840, the

of

son

master.
school-

After

the necessary
period of
received
the
degree of

he

study,
doctor

of philosophy from
ordained

was

priest

Innsbruck,
and,

in

1865,

his memory

destinies,and

; for the Catholic world

In

the

says

vir fortis!

proiidly,Ecce

number

current

of

the

St.

Louis
is

Catholic Historical Review, there


readable sketch of the church
very

of Lafayette, La., by
called "Rummaging

the editor, the


Souvay, C. M. It is
thirough Old Parish

Records."

such

Dr. Charles

Rev.

L.

Under

caption one is sure


interesting matter
the

of the

gaze
a

attractive

an

to meet

with

hitherto

kept from

curious

much

reader.

We

particularlyfine incident in the

"

life of Fr. Barriere:


As

wait

pastor of the infant

ville.Bishop
acquaintance,

Right Reverend
Bishop
hierarchy loses

for forty years

Trier, the German


its eldest and, in many
its most
ways,
His pastorate
distinguished member.
and
was
rare
a
mingling of courage
the
set
forth
to
benignity, courage
"

Bismarck

the ecclesiastical throne

on

Since

With

"warlike."

as

which

on

that there

quote

aspirations?
is to hope in

"

Dr. Felix Korum,

the

Bishop Korum
for
fought frequent battles,and was

"

the

recognizing

and respectingtheir

men

shortly after the close of the Kulturmade


a
kampf, was
bishop by Pope
liberty Leo XIII.
We can
not afford to forget

and

shed

of

individual

bishop
Under

in

right, benignity
weaknesses

Du

Bourg

Father
the

parish of VeiTnillionold
appointed our

Michael

riere.
Bar-

Bernard

far-distant

now

day

when

his

the
over
parish of St. Martin
Isabey, Father Barriere had, despite
high-sounding title of "Priest approved for

the

whole

he

turned

to Father

for
he

Diocese," lived in relative retirement


of years
at St. Martin, where

number

occasionally lent

successor.

He

had

of his occasional

even

helping
continued

salidas to distant

hand
the

to

his

practice
points. One

AVE

THE

88

near
came
missionary excursions
As
he
with
martyrdom.
crowning
was
travellingin the vicinity of Lake ChitiGrand
surprised
Lake, he was
macha, now
who
forthwith set about
of
a
Indians,
by
party

these

of

.his labors

to

him

put

death

to

in

Indian

true

fashion.

out the nails of


Already they had wrenched
the fingers and
toes of their prisoner, when
the scene,
of the tribe appeared on
the head
stopped the tortures, extended his protection
of him, and
the missionary, took care
over
his

to

saw

It

T^che.

safe
is

return
to

the

to

his

honor

home
of

on

MARIA
the resei^ved powers

and sovereigntyof the individual


States,and crushed out the spiritof
and joy of what
freedom
the most orderly
was
collection of
of
people under
system
any
government in the world, and turned them into
the
of smuggled, moonshine, bootleg;
users
deleterious and
home-brewed, highly alcoholic,
stead
dangerously concocted spirituous liquors,inof the harmless, wholesome
and temperance
lightwines and beers which are not only
non-intoxicatingbut healthful.

the

Barriere's

There

is truth in the words

of both of

these

gentlemen, but it is greatly


the many
notes, some
modesty that, among
all save
their adherents
as
exaggerated,
with
of which
referring to personal facts, wherewill
admit
and
there
is
falsity,which,
of his church
the pages
he adorned
',,
is to be found in allusion
not a word
in view of hard facts,nobody can
registers,
deny.
The
to. him.
honorable
event
to an
fact, The
so
"enemy of mankind," far from
fourteen
asserted, some
years
though, was
being dethroned, is as firmly seated as
old
P. L.
Rev.
an
the
ago,

Fr.

Gassier, by
the daughter of

to

Chitimacha

woman,

Barrierd's

who

was

and

ever;

has by

deliverer.

as

decidedly interesting,though
tion
strikinglydivergent, views of Prohibiquoted by the Neiv York Herald
are

the number

diminished.

means

no

250,000 of them

the last two


others went

As

many

arrested during

were

years,

Some

of his followers

while

scot-free.

innumerable

The

bootlegging
industry is flourishing in a wondrous
in spite of all efforts to suppress
way,
in connection with the fourth of a series
it. During his recent visit to the United
of articles dealing with the practical
States,Lord Northcliffe was asked what
results of the Eighteenth Constitutional
he
thought of Prohibition, and he
and the Volstead Law. The
Amendment
answered
promptly
by asking to be
first of these views is expressed by Mr.
shown
where
there was
Prohibition.
York)
M. Anderson, State (New
W.
Mr.
G. K. Chesterton, too, declared
Anti-Saloon
the
superintendent of
that
he
never
once
"experienced
declares:
who
League,
drought" while in this country, though
of mankind, that has killed more
An
enemy
he visited many
of our
largest cities.
hearts than
mothers'
broken
and
more

men

all the
of

of recorded

wars

Julius

Caesar, has

history since the days

been

dethroned

from

and
made
a fugitive
positionof respectability
from justice. The level of thinking and acting
of a great free people has been so lifted that,
instead of considering the sale of liquor the
accepted and expected thing, and drunkenness
incident
of governmental
unavoidable
an
as
the
complicity and iniquity, they look upon
sale of liquor as "news"; and the sight of a
cepted
now
exceedingly rare, is acdrunken
man,
as
proof of dereliction in official duty.

Messrs.

Hirst

and

Anderson

may

say

what

us

to

dom
they will,but the spiritof freeand joy is not crushed out among
; and the liquorquestion,all evidence
the contrary notwithstanding, is still
unsettled

an

Two

one.

"The

leading editorial
Herald
(Jan. 9), on

paragraphs of

in the New
Irish

York

Settlement

and

Its Meaning,"

deserve

reproduction on several
Mr. W. H. Hirst, attorney for the
The reputation of our
counts.
politan
metroYork
State Brewers
Association,
New
contemporary for breadth and
has this to say.:
of thought -is very
well maintained
sanity
the body politic
on
And for this excrescence
these
declarations:
by
have torn up Magna Charta, ridiculed the
we
the
Independence, mutilated
United
States, destroyed

Declaration

of

Constitution

of the

The
Dail

acceptance
Eireann

is

of

the Irish Treaty by the


to the whole

timely proof

THE

everywhere, although not to


moment, is possiblethrough
and
patient negotiation. If ever
a
ingly
presented seemproblem which

be arrived

there

in

at

will

good

was

which

existed

in

problem, thanks
found

the

British

the

to

both

of

it
difficulties,

sides

solution

in the

which

by the representatives
in
politicalparty seen
generations.

of

to

reconcile

Irish

in

Parliament

are

radical

between

the

in

be

called
re-

Downing

sessions

of

of

actually at

moment

that

tact
own

our

course, been an
to the world;

out

in

even

bolder

the

who

centuries, and

for

notorious

fact

the

were

at

the

war.

ing
passing of Emile Boutroux, dura
distinguished
fessor
proyears
many
of philosophy at the Sorbonne,

The

marks

close

the

of

very

and therefore of human

freedom

morals, and

the

believing m

God.

impossibilityof

utter

It

was

our

Prohibition

Commissioner

was

killed in France."

than

were

Mr.

Haynes

be

to
in

It behooves
and

temperate

speech. He

strained
re-

quite
bounds, however, in saying that
"when, for the gratificationof their
appetites or for the promotion of their
chants,
interests,lawyers, bankers, great mereven

was

within

manufacturers

and

ers
social lead-

disobey the law, they are promoting


mob
violence, robbery and homicide.
They are
sowing dragons' teeth, and
they
they need not be surprised when
find that no judicialor policeauthority
our
can
country from
possibly save
the
harvest."
reaping

fruitful

Thought, during his youth, had


become
materialistic,proclaiming the
sufficiencyof science, the absence of
career.

human

Federal

Haynes

the

don
meeting in LonIt
was
not a meeting of friendly nations.
of two
was
a
meeting of the ambassadors
been
political enmity had
peoples whose
relief from

reason

in

clared
he deexaggerating when
that "bootleggershave murdered
pear
apmay
in the discharge of their duty
more
men
nations
in
been
of engaged
complished
acproportion to the number

will

success

Treaty stands

Irish

has

of the

has, of
Washington conference
value
experience of wonderful
but

Ireland

object-lessonin

an

The

forbearance.

kindly, even

prayers.

accepted

the

good

ence,
confer-

most

records

The

for her

many

have

we

him

remember

great

Wherefore

bearance
for-

been

Ireland

negotiations and

Street

to

has

of what

winter

hope.

that

impossibleit

factions, the memory


with

Yet

the

differences

this

cause.

London

Southern

hereafter, however

So

that

intelligenceand

and saved

won

was

Isles.

89

Unfortunately M. Boutroux did not die


of the Church, but his teaching
a member

unsurmountable

and

MARIA

that peace

world

or

AVE

Boutroux's

Taking time by the forelock,a parish


gesting
priest writes to the Irish Catholic, sugthe advisabilityof having as
soon
as
practicable "an International
Eucharistic

Congress

our

suggestion,we

The

State."

in

new

doubt

Free

not,

will appeal to the Irish hierarchy as an


led the spiritualistic
position
opThere are few
monstrated
eminently fittingone.
to all of these things. He defew
countries in which the perennial
successivelythe relativity very

service to have

"

"

of

the

postulates of
and

reasonableness

truth

viduality
science, the indi-

and the
liberty of man,
ing
without leavof religion,

that

has

matters

is the

it

been

so

Mass

throughout the whole


fourteen

has been

centuries

that

cated
splendidly vindicourse

the

of
case

as
the field of purely modern
phy.
philosoof Ireland ; and if,as many
believe,the
Finally, it is to his volume on
Irish Free State is a portion of God's
Pascal that the student of the great

"Pensees"
and

will go

for the most

succinct

explanation of their
author's life. No biography has been
written with more
respectfulsympathy
or
more
painstaking definiteness.
moving

to the Faith,
by fidelity

reward

earned

then

Eucharistic

Congi'ess would

be

fittingrecognitionof the Providential

care

that has

ever

surrounded

of St. Patrick.

the children

AVE

THE

the despairing wail,


line snapped with a force that

Oh, oh, oh!"


the

as

small

figurenearly staggering

ledge. "It's

off her
gone

rose

gone,

Catch

gone!

fish is

my

"

it for

Oh,

me!

91

"To
with

my

for

for"

"

"for my

that threatened

woefully.

her dangerous perch.


"Stand
back there!"
in stentorian

Tom

whirling off

dad's
the

Father

"Keep stillor

tones.

you'lltumble

the tide

off. Don't you see


is in and you'llbe drowned
?"
"

"Well, maybe
Father

as

answer,

the rock.

boat below

of something
before

you

under

eyes.

my

You

Come

was

drown
me

gave

down

now

his

thinking
catching
yourself

her

and

of the situation.

enough. I was
And, so
quick spring from
sure

not

see."

tide is in,

busy fishingI did


saying, she made a
her perilouspoise on

said Father

let

me

help you,"

were

sure

as

and Lil'ladysuddenly jumped


gazelle's,
into the swaying
her
without
boat
rescuer's

aid.

"I suppose

for my

shoes

and

no

use

on

stockings,"she said,

the risingwaters.
"I left
the sands.
ever
They're gone for-

and ever."
"Looks

that way," answered

"Still, shoes

and

her

all right.

all of these fish of

want."

to me."

"Oh,

know,

again

/ didn't catch

Lil'lady's

know""

she glanced at the

snakes,

eat

would

him,
I

loss.

own

see,

you

please dad.

would

that is what
he

as

and

Why,

believe, if I

Lil'lady'stearcaught them for him."


into roguish
danced
wet eyes suddenly
light. "You

see, my

At

born.

was

at all; but now

me

bet!"
Sudden

died when

mother

did not want

first dad

he loves

all right,

me

'

revelation burst upon

Father

Tom.
"You

don't

mean

you

are

Mr.

his amazed

Marstion.
ques-

in looking

glancing over
them

or

den's littlegirl?" was


there's

siderations.
con-

it," continued

Lil'ladyappeared

as

the dinner

any

that you

it seems

you

But the light,bare feet

home

"Oh, it wouldn't be the same!" sighed


Lil'lady.
Father
asked
Tom,
not?"
"Why
cheerfully. "That big fellow there is
could ask,
all the dinner a hungry man

Tom.

still struggling with

be

"big fellow" that recalled her

so

! Now

about

her

the rocks.

"Steady there

to

serious

cry

friend,

have

can

"But

"The

bare

and

voice broke

Lil'lady,suddenly

murmured

"Gee!"

hat

very

feelings."I'll make
mine

cluded
con-

conipanion.

get

here against the tide."

aware

were

new

to

You

so
"

with

Tom,

young

torn

"Don't

turn, I

holding

It's hard

boat.

into the

"I

could

you

the

was

steadied

important

more

tell you.

can

could,"
Tom

her

dinners

"

words)

might fitlybelong

if she

where

it

draggled dress, Lil'ladylooked

"

line."

said Father

with

feet and
as

I don't care !" was


"Oh, I don't care,
the desperate reply."My fish is gone,
big, beautiful fish that I had almost
my
pulledin. You might have caught you
could have caught it!" Lil'ladyblazed
forth wrathfully. "If you hadn't been
such a stupid,you could have caught my

the

speaker, slowly and

small

now,

I wanted

dad's dinner,"

pitying glance at his


Just

"

choked

^my

"

did?"

"You
roared

fish!

(a sob

And
the speaker
can't you catch it?"
in wild excitement
danced up and down
to send her

that

about

cry

comparison
fish," interrupted Lil'lady,
in her voice. "Oh, I could

break

"

in

matters

small

are

sent the

"

MARIA

her

panion.
com-

stockings

reply. "Didn't you


it?
Lil'lady." And Father
know
Tom's small companion spoke the name
title of nobility that
if it were
a
as
should recognize.
everyone
hearer.
"Lil'lady!" repeated her
"Yes,"

was

I'm

the

THE

92

"Lil'lady! Well, I've travelled


name
deal, but that's a new
calendar

a
on

good

got

the

very

name.

the

was

it'snot my
Helena

course

christened

was

Marsden."

"You
Father

thing,isn't it?" said


Lil'lady,cheerfully.
not
"Well
altogether. Ships are
christened,you know, with a bottle of
"

"

"Yes,
"Florence

hard

lessons

or

Father

"

devil

about

devil

"

"
"

perhaps?"

with
her listener,

"Yes, that's
brightened and

it."

it sounds

says

gested
sug-

smile.

Lil'lady's face
dimpled delightfully.
I'm doing now.
Mammy

"That's what
Sue

"

is

Tom, quizzically.
"No," repliedLil'lady. "She believes
in
in
what
is the big word
that
thing
means
doing just as you like? Some-

same

"

she give any

asked

rules?"

"Self -development,

Tom.

"That's the

wine

Gilbert,who

nice."

baptized," corrected

mean

Miss

governess.

"Doesn't

explanation. "But of
Carr

MARIA

for me."

"It's short for 'Little Lady,' "


real

AVE

sort

know," interrupted Lil'lady. her, but she reckons


Gale christened her uncle's
what is best."

of wicked

white

to

folks know

self-developing when
'stuck up' about it she
"So you
were
so
ship, and was
I found
could scarcelysee. But I was
christened
Steeple Rock to-day?"
you on
I mean
asked Father Tom, dryly. "It is well I
by a real parson
a priest; and
Sue
said
it
done
was
Mammy
right. came
along, or Miss Gilbert would have
had a littledrowned
to that.
pupil before manyMy Great-aunt
Greyson saw
And she had me
named
minutes."
right too, after
"I can
But dad's
swim," said Lil'lady,with a
my
poor, dear, dead mamma.
"

heart

was

so

broken

he couldn't bear to

the

speak
so
name,
as
'Lil'lady,'
Mammy
when
"I

I've

just kept

Sue

called

born."

was

see," said Father

Tom

you

understand

"

who

was

bad

you

Lady' means
everjrthing that is good
and gentle and kind."
"Oh, no, it doesn't!" she disclaimed
quickly. "At least it doesn't with me.
I'm not the sissysort of girlat all,and
I wouldn't like to be either,"continued
Lil'lady,with a decided nod of her
"And
it would make
the
golden head.
Dad says he
boys sick of me, I know.
wants
to have a good time, and be
me
happy and glad just like the birds and
butterflies,that do whatever
they
please."
"Then

you

Father

"It
Here

name

don't go to school?"
Tom.

tioned
ques-

"No," answered Lil'lady."There's no


girls'school around here. Cousin Jane
taught me to read and spell. Now I've

in the current

"Not

sad in the

it right. 'Little

her

flower-like

head.

there

a great deal that was


se*eing
situation. "Well, it's not

when

me

of

little toss

defiant

was

the

suck

down

now,"

would
we

are

that is running
decided
a

answer.,

strong

man.

at Shorecliff. Promise

me

won't try fishing off Steeple Rock


a note of
again, Lil'lady." There was
gentle authority in the speaker's voice,
his hearer

to which

was

unused.

want
to promise," she
"Oh,
pouted, "because I will have to keep my
I don't

word!"
"I know

you

will; that is why


to dad

and

Miss

am

bert,
Gil-

reporting you
as
perhaps I should. Steeple Rock
is no place for a littlelady. Come, give
me
your hand on it,like the littlesport
You
won't go fishing there
are.
you
alone?"
again
For a moment
Lil'ladyput both her
her and
behind
own
dimpled hands
looked up defiantlyat the speaker; then
something in the friendly gaze she met
seemed to touch, to subdue her.
"I promise, then," she said,slipping
not

THE
into that outstretched

her small hand

her.

"I won't

Rock

again."

ever

to

fishingon Steeple

go

said

"Good!"

AVE

Father

Tom,

he

as

MARIA
one

93

ahead, but

year

seven

years

1475-1531.

"

the

fiftyRegiomontanus
not so big a
for

was
(whose family name
Miiller, or
word, but simply Johann
besides
John
being a great
Miller),
a
bishop, a Catholic
astronomer, was

pushed his boat on the sand and let


Lil'ladyjump ashore. "You'll keep your
Protestantism
wasn't
Poor
little girl!" he
word, I know.
as
one, of course,
murmured
to himself, as
known
he watched
during his lifetime. He received
gary
the littlefigurebound away
the King of Hunup the cliflf. a fine present from
his
learned
little
for having compiled
"Poor, neglected
girl! Elmer
Marsdeil
has
gotten work,
forgotten indeed, forwhich, by the way, was of great
service to Columbus.
God
sadly. Poor Little Lady!
A good many
of the oldtime almanacs
Blessed Mother
pity her, and may
our
filled
with
lead her into His light!"
the predictions of the
were
(To be continued.)
who pretended they
the men
astrologers,
"

"

"

About

Almanacs.

S^HE

course

the

bureaus

and

It was,

same.

or

is now,

book

calendar

of the

civil divisions of the year; the times of


the various astronomical events, such as

eclipsesof the sun.


and setting of the
changes of the moon
and

much

or

the

moon,

other

times.

ancient

date

back

goes

The

Greeks

of manuscript almanacs

dating from

about

anything is known
by the astronomer
and

"

was

the weather

what

days in advance.

few

most

The

of American

famous

nacs
alma-

were

we

the

compiled

Purbach, and

time

1461.

any

to

centuries ; but
the first printed European almanac that

1450

so expert that they


degree of certainty
is going to be for a

have become

tell with

can

that the weather

years

of

of their

some

recent

manac,"
Aland the "Old Farmer's
five years;
which is stillpublished. When

thirteenth and fourteenth

bach's

quite

the

in
first appearance
In
with
known
is
not
certainty.
Europe
there are specimens
the British Museum
the

guesswork, because it is only

pure

between

It was,

the

however,

pupil, Regiomontanus,

little,the

were

Purwho

of real
brought out the first almanac
the
all of
usual
importance. It gave
astronomical information not merely for

drums
conun-

about the only part of the work to


interest young
folks, ^those and the

were

"

pictures representing the signs


almanacs
are
of the zodiac. Nowadays
funny

far

entertaining.

more

In

Minor

Asia

is used

snow

purposes

peared
apyears

jokes and

of the yellow-covered almanacs

certainlyhad them, although

Alexandria

Of

probably "Poor Richard's,"


moon,
Franklin
in 1732,
by
Benjamin
begun
and of the tides,
him
about
for
and
twentykept up by
useful or interesting

history of almanacs

very

ior the full year.

the predicting wks, for the most

part,
in

much

attempt

the weather

rising

and

sun

information.
The

the

foretellingof
general events, they did profess to predict
not

word
"almanac"
(or "almaVS) nach," as it used to be spelled in
back in
Friar Roger Bacon's time, away
the thirteenth century) is of disputed
origin,but its meaning has always been
table containing

future

stars.

read

the compilers of later almanacs

did

the

in

could
While

for

frigerating
re-

instead of ice. The

the mountains
is gathered from
and packed in pits,where it is kept from
and
of straw
melting by a thick cover
snow

Pack-horses

leaves.

and
five cents

deliver it to

it sells from

for

hundred

sumers,
con-

ten to twenty-

pounds.

AVE

THE

94

is 93,000,000 miles from

sun

earth,and

are

more

the

moon

the

of any

than

it is

if there

are

near

the

SPHERE

We

Vg)go

was

(Good Again)
because

and

whatever

used to

who

man

Gamza

of Nahum

name

other heavenly
enough to be

said: "This

Again."

once

by the

the surface of

heavy clouds. If
telescope on any

no

look through

you

240,000.

moon

familiar with

body, because
seen,

"Good

Land.

In Moon
HE
Jgr
^

MARIA

he

was

called

so

befell him

he always

What

Almighty

is good!

God does is well done."


Good

Again

was

once

on

long and

like weary
to a little
clear night,you notice what seems
pilgrimage,and came
accommodation.
awful
desolation,resembling nothing village,but could get no
familiar with. There apthat we
So he retired to the forest,sayare
pears
ing
to be no sign of life or activity.
God does is well done."
: "Whatever
Deep clefts and yawning depths, fields He had there a lamp, a fowl, and a
of ashes and frozen sheets of lava, donkey. He lightedthe lamp to guide

mountain

circular

ranges,

dotted with craters,make


of the

and

form,

of

moon

steeper than those


of them

some

Astronomers

say

are

cat
does is well done," he said. Next a wildout of the thicket and carried
came

are

very

earth;

our

high indeed.

that there is

crater

is sixty-fourmiles
the moon
on
This crater contains a lake of
across.
which

off his bird.

lava 3000

volcanoes

are

it ran, formed part of the crust. It


tions
is on account of these curious formathat people sometimes think they
as

God

"Whatever

does

is

again. Then a lion


fell upon his donkey and slew it,and
again he repeated his faithful saying.
into the village
On making his way
next morning, he found that JDrigands
had appeared during the night and had
well done," he said

for

and then killed the few

tants.
inhabi-

full of gratitude
was
preservation;and he felt

His heart

his

own

that, whilst it had been


to have

to him

gi-eattrouble
shelter in the

to take

forest during the night,yet in this way


escaped death; and also that if

in the moon."

the "man

see

God

"Whatever

left in darkness.

the
feet deep. Now
all dead, but they
give signs of frightfulfiresmerged into robbed
of lava,which, cooling
molten streams
frozen

moon's

he

land
on

very

it out, and

him, but the \vind blew


was

moon.

The mountains
much

in

up the "face"

he had
Needles.

Needles

are

very

ancient implements.
with
cases

have been found in the

Many
Egyptian

mummies,

in the mounds
of America

ones

and Europe are supposed to


old ones
all
were

of bone, stone, etc. ; while modem


of iroh,brass,steel,wood,
are
bone,

needles firstappeared in
Common
Europe early in the fifteenth'century;

etc.

but it

was

fiftyyears

more

than

one

hundred

and

after that before the secret

of their manufacture

except to Orientals.
^

found

became

known

intelligenceof
recentlysaved a French
The

certain

death

when

Again,

So Good

out his retreat.

true to his strange name,


covered
and
those disthankfulness and praise.
and burial caves

be older still. These


made

his lamp had continued shining,or the


cock had crowed, or the donkey had
brayed, the brigands might easilyhave

he

full of

was

faithful dog
Alpinistfrom
fell

over

breaking his legs. Unable to


precipice,
to his wife
he wrote
a message
move,
and fastened it to the dog's collar. The
dog rushed home, and before long help

arrived,the dog leading the


his tailfor joy.

way,

ging
wag-

TBE

WITH

The

AVE

AUTHORS

index

Ave

within

six

months.

Copies
Papua," by

of

"Father

M.

D.

A
Justin:
Story of
Forrest, M. S. C, recently
noticed in these columns, may
be procured
from
Mrs.
D.
J. Murphy,
Ave.,
Hampden
Cleveland,Ohio.
Price,60 cents.
"

"The

"

Apostolate

and

Blessed

is

the

title

ought

apostle of

the

Sacred

Heart

Mary"
Saint?
of

of

"

Margaret
the

not

great

be

now

called

brochure

publishedby the Sisters


(St. Louis, Mo.), Which
and
be of interest
help to all of her
disciples.

"

the

Visitation

should
numerous

PUBLISHERS

and there is no index. Published


chapter-titles,
by P. J. Kenedy " Sons; price,$1.60.

and

of the
"The
which

of

be

complete

the

Blessed

Blessed

may

It is

directors

Guild

of

le
Moment
Present," by
Feige (a brochure of 270 pages),
from
of
to us
the publishing house
comes
Pierre Tequi, Paris.
It is a collectioti of thirty
meditations
or
readings, and is a thoroughly

P.

J.

The

Price, 70

Sons.

respect, including all


services,music, Stations of theevery

Bourne

preface.

come
wel-

Book,"
"

Kenedy

furnishes

binding

suggestions
His

is neat

for

practical
Francis
well

and

attractive.

late

venerable

the

Msgr.
of

rector

the

advice

think

us

to-morrow

then

of

only

it will be

comes,

of it."

will think

we

St.

doing

of

"

have
also
publisher we
received
two
pamphlets: "Les Neuf Oflficesdu
Coeur
de Jesus," by the Rev. R. Henry, C. SS.
R. ; and
"Autorite
et Probite,"by M. Gaudin
de Villaine.
The
last-mentioned
pamphlet is
the
reproduction of an address delivered in

French
"A

same

Senate.

Short

History of the Papacy," by


"
Co.), can
(Dodd, Mead
called a serious study of the Papacy,
citations
There
no
are
footnotes, very few
from
recognized authorities on the subjectbibliography to indicate the
matter, and no
"

Mary I.
hardly be

Henry A. Brann,
St. Agnes' Church,

the

M.

Bell

the

she has

which

from

(at times

add

that

This

author

the

in her

conclusions

and

therefrom.

be fair

derived

her

facts

supposititiousfacts)

merely

inferences

derives

cents.

The

"Let

to-day, and

From

us
"

Sales:

to-day; when

called

of

exposition

de

sources

Eminence

appropriate

an

P.

fraternity
Con-

will

Guild

Cross, special practices,and


extension.
organization and
Cardinal

the

Sacrament

Sacrament

had
in

of

"Sanctifions

"

L'Abbe

the

Organizers

"

95

AND

of the half-yearly volume


of
Maria, July-Dec, 1921, vol. xiv. (New
Series), is now
ready for those who bind their
magazines. It is supplied gratis if applied for
"

The

MARIA

estimate

of

she

being said,let

much

to have

seems

and

which

of

most

tried

the

to

eign
Sover-

New

that she recognizes the


Pontiffs, and
excellent
of several
the author
city,was
as
a
Papacy
spiritual institution deserving
and
once
popular books, including "Curious
of more
study than the twentieth-centurynonQuestions," "Faith and Error," "The
Age of
Catholic
inclined
to give it.
seems
mortality
Unreason," "Essays on the Popes,*^"The Imcharm
There
is an
about
old-fashioned
of
and
the
"Waifs
Soul," and
"Way o' Dreams," by Lucy Gertrude Clarkin,
ican
Strays." He also wrote a history of the Amerveils even
an
atmosphere of yesterday which
the first
College,Rome, of which he was
author
the printing and
The
binding.
sings
alumnus, and a Life of Archbishop Hughes.
of love, motherhood, and
with
religion
feeling
Brann
for
less
was
no
Msgr.
distinguished
and reticence
and
often with melody. Certain
his zeal than his scholarship.
of her
have
Ave
verses
appeared in The
""The
Story of St. John
Baptist de La
their
readers
remember
Maria, and some
may
Salle,"by Brother
tribution
conLeo, is a worth-while
ing
quality. We shall recall that here by reprintYork

"

"

to
seventeen

what

will

wishes

one

times;

literature, its

to know

of the

with

Saint

and

stanza

just

Though

his

they are written in an exceptionally


attractive
style,which the ordinary reader
not
thoroughly enjoy, though he may
the

secret

of

its

excellence.

In

appreciative

Hayes,
book

Catholic

to

of

New

Introduction, Archbishop
the
York, warmly commends

teachers, pupils, and

generally. The table

of contents

to

educators

contains

bare

from

"Our

bloom

bereft

Uncheered

Thou,

and

understand
an

American

chapters being replete

Must

The

book

was

I., by Dillon
is

somewhat

eccentric
"

fourteen

only

my

path

memories

Thou,

know

Comforter":
the

I weep

Banker

I go,

whereon

I dare
of

my

to

keep

woe.

printed at Charlottetown, P. E.
and
Coyle; their excellent work
by rather
however,
marred,

punctuation.

recent

issue

articles

of the Stirvey Graphic has


by distinguished Irish men

THE

96
and

in

written

AVE
Savel

to

MARIA
"The

Psalms:

Study of the Vulgate


Text."
Light of the Hebrew
with
All the contributors
Vol. I.
Ireland?"
Rev. Patrick Boylan, M. A.
display
(B.
in settingforth the high ties
Herder
\
enthusiasm
possibiliCo.) $5.50.
and
Edward
that may
result when the repressed energy
Life
"Henry
Manning, His
of
is released into the channels
Labours/'
of centuries
Shane
Leslie,M. A. With Six
Yet
Illustrations.
science,ai-t,labor,and politics.
literature,
(Burns, Gates and Washthese visions of the future
are
convincing
bourne; P. J. Kenedy " Sons.) $7.65.
because
because they are
"First Impressions in America."
John
they are not
Ayssane,"
firm footing
a
taken from
the clouds but from
cough (Rt. Rev. Mgr. Bickerstaffe-Drew.)
the realities of to-day. Most of the writers,
on
(John Lane.) 16s.
"How
France
Built Her Cathedrals."
beth
ElizaespeciallyA. E. (George Russell),express the
into
Gael will send
and
hope that the new-born
Boyle
O'Reilly.
(Harper
of spiritual
the world a full and steady stream
Brothers.) $6.
"God
civilization from
and the Supernatural: A Catholic Statement
save
influence, which
may
of Ulster is presented
of the Christian
Faith."
materialism.
Edited by
The case
in a straightforward way
Father
Cuthbert, 0. S. F. C.
mans.)
(Longby the Belfast poet
and
$5.
manufacturer, "Richard
Rowley," who
Pastor."
Rev.
"A
to despair of final unity
Mill Town
seems
Joseph Conroy,
by no means
and co-operationwith the South.
Readers will
S. J.
(Benziger Brothers.) $1,90.
"A
find valuable
Woman
of the Bentivoglios." Gabriel
infprmation about the recent
literature on Ireland and Irish aspirationsin
Francis
Powers.
(The Ave Maria.) 75
cents.
the
critical bibliographical paper
by, Mr.
He?"
J. Godfrey
Who
Francis
"Jesus of Nazareth:
was
Hackett, entitled "Irish Interpretations."
Reproductions of paintings by Grace
Raupert. (Marshall Jones Co.) $1.
and Paul Henry and Power
O'Malley lend an
attractiveness
to this
issue of the
Survey
Obituary.
for the fact
Graphic, which helps to account
women

Zimand's

that

answer

will

question, "What

it has

gone

into

second

the

Irish

do

Psalter

in the

edition.
Remember

them

ttiat

in

are

bands.

"

Heb.,

xiii, 3.

diocese
Msgr. Henry Brann, of the archRev. J. E. Roach, diocese
of New
York;
Some
Recent Books.
archdiocese
Condon
of Peoria; Rev. Michael
A Guide
to Good
Reading.
of Milwaukee;
Rev. Albert Peters, S. J.; and
Rev. Eugene Grimm, C. PP. S.
The object of this list is to afford information
of the VisiSister M. Alexius, of the Order
tation;
concerning the more
important recent
Sister Alexia and Sister Stella,of the
at
publications. The latest books will appear
the head, older ones
being dropped out from
Sisters of Charity.
time to time to make
titles.
room
for new
Louis
Mr.
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HEMCEFORTH

XV.

VOL.

NOTRE

Series.)

(New

[Published

Our

composed

SHALL

CALL

ME

INDIANA,

DAME,

Copyright,

Saturday.

every

of the

Lady

(Lines

GENERATIONa

AU

8T.

BLESSED.

JANUARY

1922

Rev.

LUKE.

28,

1922.

E.

Hudson,

D.

The

Way.

NO.

C. S.

Doctor

BY

PATTEN.

JULIUS

DINNIS.

be

T^HERE
II had

way,

his bedesfolk

bids

Labor

When

the

Lady of

Our

comes,

pray,

sought

Our

of the

Lady

Where

not, but

her

far

from

met

her

there,

A-speeding
Our

Betwixt

the

Ere

Lady

to

gain,
train.
and

I made

She

cheered

me

with

She

visited

my

mind

in

heart

my

seven.

of heaven.

little

than

nearer

Betwixt

my

spirit and

hid

her

sweetness,

hide

his

To
And

this

hoard

thief

hour

of

their

homeward

cloistered

folk

Mother

my
of

of

Lady

I find

song,
Him

their

who
the

motor

he

Master

counting

the

say,

When

Still,while it was
hoped

at all,his father

he

his first-born, of whom

that

us,

which

will be the

home,

and

have

as

we

so

God

home.

"

drop
been

last.
us

Faber.

will

be

priesthood and
Francis
family.

His

us

in

us

feet; and,
in
our

our

the

to

attached

come

It will bear

at

all for God

will be all for

work,

great
Later

"I had

exile,
eternal

he

the
of

to

act

against

the dearest
but

he

his life at Court

and
had

and

honor

an

much

was

his

wishes.

of Belley :

said to the Bishop

world;

the

it cost him

to his father, and

deal

so

was

eventually abandon

would

proud,

One

crated
conse-

putes
their dis-

to refer

to arbitration.

possible to hope

bus.

years.

his

Francis

for which

one

told them

and

"

thus.

wait to do God's

we

the

his embracing

on

idea of the
Patiently

sake
fame

won

the brighter with

set his heart

the very

way,

Compline

fashioned

was

tics
bishop, he forbade the ecclesiasin lawsuits,
subject to him to engage

day,

her

of

barristers

the greatest aversion.

had

wend

tering
en-

have

years.

had

was

is lief.

evening

Shaping

Our

grief

as

workers

at

When
And

stolen

its

of

would

Curiously enough, the profession


father

She

shines

only

lapse of

thought.

my

crucified

his

of

wrought

mystery

instead

he

in leaving all things for the

and

distraught,

he

for

time;

that
And

his

to

exceptionally
gifted and carried off the highest honors
he
But
at the
University of Padua.
chose the path of penance
and sacrifice,

eleven.

glimpse

priesthood,

of the foremost

one

his

main,

and

Sales

father's entreaties and follow

the

might

that

de

yield

to

the profession of the law

been

of the

ledger's four
twain

the

of

world, with

its way

on

I found

prayer,

thoroughfare.

the

strove

Ji

me

toil-time called

When
I

holy work-a-day.

the

doubt

no

Francis

St.

decided

in
of

Queen

C]

of Devotion.

can

^HE

voyage.)

en

ENID

BY

I.. 48.

best

father

passed
in

camp,

in

most

and

THE
of

Although

son

such
"

to read

comforting

altogether model
for

was

of

that he
and

sweetmeats,

descended

to

forbidden

ground

not

was

had

He

boy.

on

an

ness
weak-

a
one

sion
occa-

which

the

kitchen,
for him, and

choice cakes.
slylyhelped himself to some
Again, when his father so far yieldedto
his wishes

to allow him

as

tonsure, Francis
for

the

He

prayed

when

loss of

the

for

could

being

in the world.

world,

M.

submitted

came

the best

with

cut

grace

de Boisy knew
that the

obligation
nor

the

help crying
his pretty golden curls.
strength, hovvever, and

giving his consent


no

to receive

not

fatal moment

to their

to

to

even

when

tonsure

renounce

the

wear

son

only eleven,he would, of

was

other

It

ideas when

quite

was

he

boys to receive the tonsure


When
used
his

as

comi'ades, when

over,

and

Blessed

the

mere

with

them

Sacrament

in

go

were

to

visit the

the

nearest

People who watched him


prophesied that he would one day be the
he
as
pride and glory of his race, even
already seemed to be the visible angel of
his family. At
sent
thirteen he was
to Paris, accompanied by his pious, but
somewhat
hasty-tempered, tutor, M.
it is recorded that he
Deage, of whom
of his charge in season
boxed the ears
irrita^and out of season, growing more
)le and
the
as
wore
exacting
years
But
he
the
wearied
m.
never
patience
church.

yet be

loved and

honored

him

the end, and provided handsomely for


lim in his old age.
Francis de Sales remained
in Paris, where
It

was

of

he

as

knelt

of the Blessed

Virgin in
de Gris, while

Prince

of the

of the

Faith.

bulwark

Church
While

Padua

he was
brought to
uted
illness,attribby a severe
to the
severity of his studies
joined to his bodily mortifications.
at

death's door

'

had

Death

terrors

no

for

told to prepare

when

for him, and

received

it he

the

with joy.
days and, for that matter,
times
to comparatively recent
down
the horrible
practice of body-stealing
announcement
In those

"

"

for

dissection

of

purposes

then

}f Francis, who

was

of St. Etienne

studying

he could of
lessons

weeks

then
IMemorare.
He
reciting the
promised to recite it frequently in
thanksgiving, and to say the Rosary
daily as well.
sent to the
On leaving Paris, he was
University of Padua by his father, who
wished him to take his degree of jurisprudence.
Francis
studied theology at
the same
time; for, while obeying his
lost sight of his ambition
father, he never
to become
a priest some
day. Pere
the saint's spiritual
Possevin, who was
director at this time, told him that he

clesiastical
ec-

at that date.

as

many

after

delivered

statue

the church

and

schoolboy at Annecy, Francis

to gather

before

would

older.

thing for

common

struggle he

tailed
en-

course,

grew

which

from

the

dress ; and hoped that, as his


"have

99

spair,
a

could scarcely fail to be,^ it is

mother

MARIA

tion
pious disposi-

very

indeed, tHe

as,

"

AVE

medical

the

by

with the result that there

couraged
en-

was

profession,
frequent

were

the thieves and the


free-fightsbetween
Aware
relatives of the outraged dead.
of this, and believing himself to be dying,
turned

St. Francis

saying

that

he

to

wished

his

M.

Deage,
to

body

be

given to the dissectors. "It has been


living,"he declared; "I hope it

useless

be of

may

some

St. Francis
to health
the
he

and

at Padua

Blessed
had
even

use

when

dead."

attributed his restoration


to the intercession of

Virgin, to whom,

recourse;

as

usual,

for, although willing

glad to die, he thought

it

right

if it was
God's
five years
to pray
for his recovery,
\
he studied at the University.will that he should live.
while in Paris that he
In September, 1591, he received his

teuffered the violent temptation

to

de-

degree of Doctor,

the

crown

and

cap

THE

100

AVE

being placed on his head by the learned


Panciroli.
"The
University finds in
Francis de Sales," he said, "the
you,
highest qualitiesof head and heart,
and it is with the greatestpleasure it
receives you among
its graduates."
Before returning to Savoy, Francis
went to Rome, where he met St. Philip
Neri, then in his seventy-seventhyear.
St. Philip was
greatly pleased with
Francis, who

at that time

was

some
hand-

of twenty-four,gracefuland
man
accomplished,with k winning smile anfd
kindly blue eyes; and prophesied that
he

destined to be

was

zealous servant

of the Most

High and a Prince of the


Lat.eron, St. Francis founded
a
Congregation of the Oratory of St.
Philip Neri at Tonon, and was himself
made its firstsuperiorby Pope Clement.
He called it the Holy House, in honor of
Loreto, which he visited on his way
back from the Eternal City.
M. de Boisy was
delighted with his
at Padua, and insisted on
son's success
his going to Chambery to be called to
the Bar; and in November, 1592, Francis
Church.

de Sales

was

admitted

as

MARIA

while,for the third time,


later,

moments

and

sword

scabbard

formed

cross

as

they fell with him.


After this experience, Francis felt
that he could not in conscience put off
longer his renunciation of the
any
world.
The
cross
so
mysteriously
formed by his fallen sword and scabbard
that
was
certainlya sign from Heaven
the destined hour
must

once

and

at hand

was

when

he

for all decide between

obeying the will of a divine or a human


father. And God, who was
witness of
the sacrifice easy
his good will, made
for him in the end; for he quite unexpectedly
The
consent.
M. de Boisy's
won
of the Chapter of
post of Provost
next in dignity to
Geneva, which came
that of Bishop, was
just then vacant;
and Louis de Sales,cousin to the saint,
sought and obtained the Pope's consent
to it,s
being given to Francis. This honor
flattered the paternal pride of M. de
Boisy,who not only at last consented to
his eldest son's entering the priesthood,
but blessed him
St. Francis

advocate

was

well.

as

ology,
well versed in the-

so

and had been

so

long livingwhat

practicallythe life of a religious


allowed to
world, that he was
extraordinary adventure that brought take Holy Orders without the customary
matters
to a clima*x and definitely
cided
d
edelay. "I became a prelatewithout ever
his vocation.
Francis and M.
being a subject,"he said ; "but I would
and
were
the
forest
of
have preferredto be a simple cleric,
Deage
ridingthrough
when
carried
the
firstthe
have
rather
would
much
Sonay
former, though a
rate horseman, was
suddenly thrown
holy water than the crosier."
from his horse without any
But although,as he himself declared,
apparent
reconciled to his son's
M. de Boisy was
bard,
cause, his sword slippingfrom its scaband fallingwith it to the ground
he had no desire
enteringthe priesthood,
by the Senate of Savoy.
on

his way

at the

home

It

that he met

was

while

with the

time.
As the sword and
there
lay
they formed a cross.
mounted
his horse again, and,

same

scabbard
Francis

buckling on his sword, continued


jour"ey. But after a few moments
was

more

once

thrown

the

in the

to

see

martyr;

it

was

with

real

displeasurethat he learned that Claude


de Granier, Bishop of Geneva, wished
Francis

he

to the ground,

him

blais.

de Skies to undertake

the

version
con-

of the Calvinists of the ChaChablais surrendered to


When

of Savoy in
Prince Charles Emmanuel
Again he replaced 1593, out of seventy-two parishes with
the sword in its sheath and remounted
a
thirty thousand
population of some
his horse,only to be flungto earth a few
hundred
only one
souls, there were

where,

as

before, his sword

was

formed

cross.

and

bard
scab-

THE

the district

Boisy had
his

was

strong, and

very

de

M.

for the fear tljat

ground

some

be murdered

would

son

feeling in

anti-Catholic

The

Catholics.

"

AVE

if he undertook
And

the proposed mission.

when,

MARIA

It

101

under

was

this

that

name

Clement

he

was

VIII.

presented
upon
appointment as Bishop of Nicopolis
and coadjutor of Geneva, with right of
to Pope

his

succession

to that See.

St. Francis' work


for the Chablais
spite of his protests and threats, the
he was
not yet finished,though it came
saint did as
ordered
was
by his
bishop, and departed for the Chablais
nearly being seriouslyinjured, if
very
dignant
inwith as littledelay as possible,the
not
the
altogether destroyed, about
father refused to hold commutime of his visit to the Pope. In the
nication
with
in
him, or to help him
tered
enAugust of 1600, Henry of Navarre
Chambery in triumph, to the great
any way.
I preached in the Chablais,"
"When
and
joy of the Calvinists of Geneva
in after years,
"I
him
said St. Francis
to
who
Berne,
petitioned
proclaim
wished I could learn a trade, so as to
the Edict of Nantes
quered
throughout the conbe capable of earning something with
Seeing the danger,
country.
hands ; but I was
when
owii
so stupid that
Henry established himself at the
my
I could only mend
It is
visited
Chateau
of Annecy, St. Francis
garments.
my
true, however, that I cost not a farthing him there,making it his specialrequest
to any
olic
one
that all that had been done for the Cathduring my stay there; for
in
the Chablais and the
good mother kept me supplied with
religion
my
all I required, secretly sending money
Ternier should be left intact. The King,
and linen from the Chateau
de Sales."
who held his hat in his hand throughout
Mme.
wonders
One
what
de Boisy
the interview, was
delighted with his
her
son's
of
and
pledged his royal
thought
patched garments,
saintly visitor,
matters
and
and of his sewing, when
met
word
as they were,
to leave
they
again.
St. Francis himself used to carry the
affixed his
signature to a written
in religious processions in the
cross
promise to that effect.
^
In September, 1602, the venerable
Chablais ; and the following lines affixed
his own
to it were
Bishop of Geneva passed to his eternal
composition :
Ce n'est pierre ni le bois
reward; and, on the 8th of,December
le
crated
Que
following, Francis de Sales was .conseCatholique adore;
in

Mais

le Roi

De

son

qui, moi-t

sang

The

lines attracted

led

crowds

of

croix,

en

le croix

much

attention and

Calvinists

inquire

to

.further.
had
"

When

been

that

their

by

they

ministers

into

believing that Catholics adored


wood and stone they became
Catholics
themselves

'I

they found

deceived

as

honore.

missionaries

seventy-two
the saint

came

stated,there
four

scarcely

St. Francis

and his brother

baptizing
thousand
among
were

hundred

fewer

as

has been

hundred

later

than
When

persons.

them,

only

years

no

there

Calvinists.

olics:
Cathwere

in the church

successor

the very

had

bapti:?eda few

been

birth.

The

Saturday
that

church

8th of December

that

and

year,

in which

hours

of his consecration,

as

at

he

after

fell upon

was

by Francis for the

reason

for

chosen
ceremony

he v/ished it to

take place on the day of the week that


dedicated to the Blessed Virgin.
was
church

The
and
the

and

sisters with

flowers

bearings of
tapestiy;
of
de Sales being placed in
House

front

the

green

armorial

choir.

of the

These

were

mounted
sur-

mitre, a gold cross, and


hat with the inscription,"Apres

by

beautifully decorated

was

by his mother

No

wonder
that the Duke
of Savoy called
the saint "the Apostle of the Chablais."

his

Thorens,"

de longves

aiinees

le del."

The

saint

THE

102

AVE

vision of the Blessed Virgin and


mony,
St. Peter and St. Paul during the cere-

had

they appeared to be

which

at

MARIA

Navarre

was

pleased with

so

duction a la Vie Devote" that he invited


the author to resign his See and live in

France, promising,him

assisting.

"L'lntro-

positionmore

time the itual


spir- suited to his merits and his talents ; and
director of the celebrated abbess
waa
greatlydisappointedwhen the saint

St. Francis

at

was

one

of the Abbey cf Port Royal, Marie Anrefused. Henry sent a copy of the book
gelique Arnauld, who subsequently fell to James I. of England, as a present
under the unhappy influence of the JanMarie
de' Medici and himself.
from
senist Abbe of St. Cyran, with such disastrousJames
was
it, but
delighted with
that
the
Order
lost
the
results
lish
grumbled a good deal because no EngFaith, as indeed St. Francis had warned
bishop was capable of writing such
the abbess that it would.
Mme.

de

The

of

name

will also, but in a


be always associated with

different way,

de

St. Francis

Sales, in conjunction

she founded

with whom

the Order of the

Visitation.
Francis

St.

of them;

book.

work,

who

nun

was

present

ing
rescu-

in its way

quite as famous

those just mentioned, was


"L'Esprit
as
de St. Frangoisde Sales,"of which John
Peter Camus, Bishop of Belley,who had
consecrated

been

de
died, Mme.
Chantal discovered a package of her
letters to him, carefullyarranged,
o'wn
and with marginal notes of his owti.
In her humility she destroyednearly all

When

Chantal

Sales,

was

by

anecdotes that have


one

which

St.

author.

the
shows

come

how

de

Francis

the

Among
down

to

is

us

considerate

St.

of the feelingsof others.


that the
People complained to him
them
tired
out and
of
Belley
Bishop
Francis

was

by, the
taxed their piety to the utmost
another of his correspondents, Mme.
length of time he took to say Mass;
remarked
Camus
not till]\Igr.
de Charm.oisy,fortunatelyfor posterity, but it was
VvrhichSt.
time
in
short
ceived one
the
on
kept every letter and note that she reday
with

few

great difficulty.But

allowed

finished his public prayers that


the saint ventured to repeat what had

them

been

from

St. Francis

de Sales.

She

a Jesuit,Pere
Forrier,to read
during the saint's lifetime,and it
was
owing to his influence that their
author, who
regarded them only as
"viTetched scrawls," reluctantly consented
in bock form.
to their publication
The book v/as printed at Lyons in 1608

and

was

entitled "L'Introduction

Vie Devote."
and

Its

it

success
v.as

Vv'as

)a

neous,
instanta-

translated

into

several languages.

his brother

said about

Bishop's

"It is rather comical that the


should find fault with
Geneva
of
Bishop
the Bishop of Belley for his slowness,"
slowness.

said St. Francis, "and that the Bishop


with the
of Belley should remonstrate

Bishop of Geneva
In

future

more

you

quick, and

for being too quick..


to be
endeavor

should

I will try to be

more

slow."

When
read

Francis

the general of the Carthusians


"La Vie Devote," he advised St.

Francis not to write another book, for


fear that he might lose the reputation
it had won
for him. But when a second

Thus
did the gentle saint take the
sting out of a remark that might have
been painfulto hear if couched in other

terms,

or

made

at any

other moment.

he
"Truth
must
be always charitable,"
sion
Dieu," sippeared, said to Bishop Camus on another occainstead
critic changed
the
Carthusian
his
; "for bitter zeal does harm
of good. Reprehensions are a fruit of
opinion,and implored the saint never
again to lay down his pen. Henry of hard digestion,and ought to be dressed

work,

"L'Amour

de

THE

AVE

103

MARIA

fire of burning charity so well that


will be taken
all harshness
off; othera

en

Basil

V/ise,like unripe fruit,


they only produce

Kirby.

VALENTINE

BY

PAKAISO.

ways
judicious silence is algripings
better than a truth spoken without
charity."
.

Besides
humblest
of

was

said

the

being

of

himself:

"Whoever

detemiined,

very

No

has

one

tender

and
or

separated
neighbors
them

be

effort.

no

affectionate

his friends than

feels

from

Lord

Our

I spare
more

towards

which

one

for

heart

challenges

of friendship must

I,

acutely being
pleased

so

them.

It has

to

make

me

so

much,

and

I love my

so.

I wish

to love

more."

even

Slave

The

"

HO

and

of men,
St. Francis de Sales
affectionate nature, and'
very

in the contest

me

meekest

IV.

of

Mr.

was

what

Countess.

the

That

Kirby?

Chesska

The

Countess

v/as

an

wanted

was

to know.

explained that he
wise as an
as
critic,
owl
about
about
pictures. He wrote
his name
in print),
them
(she had seen
and he had a house in Half-Moon
Street,
vrhich

vv^as

art

exclusive

most

and

ionable
fash-

in the

street

grandest part of
London.
She herself had been always
dying to live in Mayfair. It was close to
Piccadilly and Bond Street, where all
and
the dukes
titled people did their
shopping
....

He
had

was

fond

very

of

children, and

particularaffection for

Jeanne.
Mme.

When
de

for this child


wickedness
and

he

"What

wrote

av/ay,

You

died unspotted by the

dear
imagine, my
I
loved
this
how
daughter,
tenderly
child. I had brought her forth to
young
her Saviour, for I baptized her with my
own

hand

vras

the

may

fourteen

"And

She

had

have

long.Aunt

'lest

should alter her understanding,'

Countess

question. Chesska

to

happiness

be taken

to

to have

world!

died

she

Chantal:

his sister

The

Not

one

IMr. Kirby

"

to know

once

bringing

invention
or

known

you

main

back.

"

got at

was

her

Eugenie?"
long, the lady said. But he
kindred spirit
a genius
a

very

such

was

got off the

brought

out

now,

him

w^ell. He

wonderful

some

new

blowing colored glass,


his acquaintShe made
ance
she was
tiying to get a

"

something.
first when

spiritual father, and


fully promised
myself to make
something good out of

for some
good price a few thousands
small
paintings that belonged to the
dear departed Giu. Mr. Kirby said they
of genius were
were
no
good; men
always abrupt like that. And, really,

her

afterwards

some

first creature

one

it

was

pr?.y

that he

was

when
fifty-five
twenty years
in

Doctor

was

cised
exer-

her

1665

Francis

he

Visitation
on

earth

answered

in

died, and

had

bishop. He w^as
by Pope Alexander

Church,

saint

good hands,
tired,and would
very
with God.
He was
only

In 1877 Pius IX.


the

to be left

leaving them

'":eglad to rest

of

of the

nuns

little longer; but

and

realized that the

was

dying, the
implored him to
that he

ago.

whom

day."

v/as

years

priestlyfunctions.

my

When

on

declared him

been
ized
canon-

VH.
Doctor

his special title being

of Devotion.

"

Giu

she

told

when

"

her

he

was

remicmbered

he
a

her

them

painted
boy ; but he said

dear

himself
many

so

believed him.
things she never
Mr. Kirby was
a strange, clever
she said, different from
all her

man,

other

"

friends.

had

She

hired

Chesska

he

his

would

let grief crush


a

she had

not

She

she

Piccadilly.

herself had

Oh, dear,

great mistake!
at

near

never

But

find life triste. One

her.

stopped

did.

never

house

not be sad.

must

was

afraid he would

was

to them;

come

As

no,

never

^that

"

for her

and
fifty-two,

agje,

meant

AVE

THE

104

not old

to stop there.

Fifty-two was
the heart is young."

"when
The

the first nights of plays, and

and

amusement

dread.

at the

Countess'

wild defence

She

carved

"I could

I leave that to you

none

of you

as

are

hear

recite.

me

of the Ingoldsby Legends

got them up when I left the


amuse
stage,
myself entertaining."
must
"You
be very
clever," said
It was
Chesska, with awe.
dawning on
her that the silver-haired lady could talk
of herself till morning. The girl'seyes
were
hea\y. "There is no light on the
"

sea

to

now," she said.

far the

"How

my

dear, you

her

feet.

keeping me up
Eugenie, springing
"Good-night, Chesska,
"

good-night! What
the morning?

Sant'

shall I look like in

You

will bring me
my
won't you?
And don't wake me
letters,
if I am asleep."
The next day they set off on
their
journey to London ; and before a week
Basil Kirby had gone, down
was
over,

Isolda

the

was

Kirby's

had

been

brand

of the

Advent

soot

head, rain

It

been

cost

all town

was

built
shovel

instead

sunshine;

with

the ledges,clouds over-'

on

wind, mud

in the

stood

with

sect had

flooded

Riviera

Chesska

and

rolling along by
temple of a

ground that

inch.

was

of

the other,some

on

new

of gold an
here

instead

and the children. At

nuns

traffic went
; at

Second

new

sjmi-

of the short street,fashion

end

one

Countess

her

the
Mother;
bridgefirst-nighttheatre-goers

instead of the

underfoot.

silk curthe green


tain,
cheek against the cold

near

her

glass.
Eugenie put her head in at the
do that. I thought your

Aunt

are

the

near

Basil

among

Reverend

door.

all night !" said Aunt


to

the

moon

has gone!"

"Oh,

There

business

Ballads.

slielter of

the Park

the Bab

Ariel, the Pom,

in the hall

home, with all its holy love,sweet


pathy, and childlike joy.

feet

and

the
stairs

Chesska
panelling. 'And
Brown
began her life in the great, pitiless
world rather timidly; for the safe

you-should
through most

your

down

and

players and
;

And
act

can

on

slips of girls;

light on

as

I could be if I chose.

dance

ran

bell.

screen,

china

and

up

barked

with the best yet," the Countess


"but

ran

she loved

to give dinner
a year
hoped for many
and bridge parties,and to remain
young
and lively."Remember, my dear, when
are
growing old,one can be alwaVs
you
lamplight, especiallyif there
by
young
This was
is a pink shade."
already a
from
Sant' Isolda,
different atmosphere
of wonder,
felt a mixture
and Chesska

Yvonne,

newcomers;

maid,

could not

the theatrical papers.

live without

the

upon

"

French

told Chesska

Countess

MARIA

nuns

"Don't
would

told you it is the very


of the wilidow.

have

style to look out

worst

ought not expect style from


Giulio's people." With
that stab, the
But

Countess
Not

left her.
than

more

when

the girl from

own

mind

voted

fortnighthad passed
Sant' Isolda in her
Half-Moon

Street

impossible.In the first place,the people


to the house

that came

not

were

to be

iar
Young men, insultinglyfamilarrived evening after
and flattering,
from a hotel
companion removed
young
to the house in Half-Moon
cadilly.
evening to play cards and "win money.
Street,PicThe
Two
in the
turned
key was
hideous, greasy, Turkish-looking
derived from the
study door on the first-floor landing; fellows had nicknames
and it was
understood
that the owner
Slam
and Little
bridge table: Grand
to Devonshire, and the Countess

of the
room,
papers.

theirs.

house
which
For

reser\'ed that
contained
the

Jenkins

small

one

his books

rest, the
and

and her

his

place

wife

endured.

Slam.

When

and

icily,the

was

of her

waited

convent

up-to-date.

snubbed

Chesska

Countess

told her

ideas,
"

to

to

be

them

get rid

modern,

THE

AVE

noon
stepped in noisilyto aftering
tea and gossip. Chesska had nothto say among
scandal,showy frocks
powdered faces. They patronized

Actresses

and

Countess

Cavaletti's niece.

105

MARIA

by telephone, and
Aunt
moods.

of them

One

suggested that she need not mind about


looks:
a
plain girl could do quite all
right and have "ripping luck" on the
and a
stage, if she had "good manners
bit of sauce."
When
they went away,
the house of the absent Basil Kirby was
reeking with vulgar scent, and there

she

advised

was

to

take the "rest cure."


was

prostrate, and

was

affectionate
Chesska.
her

to

now

her

doctor's visit had

The

dear Chesska

invalid. Her

an

of

creature

Eugenie
She

tionally
emo-

dear
made

should

her, for she would never


be able to sleep. So the girl sat there
with a night-lightburning, and weird
from
shadows spreading round the room
with

remain

the four-poster of carved

oak.

shivering in her blue


her curly plaitsof hair
until the Pom
began to bark, and the
dressing gown,
Countess to ring the,bell and scream
for
hanging on "her shoulders,and her eyes
Ariel's next meal.
she dared
The beautiful drawing-room,heavy with sleep. Sometimes
with its color scheme
few
like an
to stir and
pieces of coal
put a
Orchardson
the fire with
the little
picture, its cream-white
noiselessly
_on
brass tongs. Then, with her feet on tjie
panelling,and artistic tints of gold and
curb fender, she would
brown, seemed to be entirelya wrong
begin to think
visits.
for
these
under
the palms in
seat
the
background
she was
desecrating
on
One could not imagine Mr. Kirby in the
^where indeed
the Sant' Isolda garden
with the Countess' friends.
a
same
room
she sighed to be, and all at once
from
her
the Countess
Then
would
call
her
herself was
voice
a
querulous
is the use
dreams : "My dear girl,what
sharp trial. She could be charming
with
if
fully
to sit up
of having you
strangers, but she reigned' fretgo to
you
Do
tuck in
in her own
home, devoting all sleep like Mrs.
Gamp?
Ariel ! Don't you see he has crawled off
thought and time to Ariel. The
spare
service of the Pom
the last straw
his own
was
quilt,and he will roll down on
for Chesska
kins
and eveiybody else. Jenthe floor in a minute?"
he would wire to his master.
swore
Night after night the Countess slept
The co(5k wept that she was
trampled
peacefully most, of the time, and
was

silence

as

if

storm

was

over

Chesska

"

sat

"

"

"

upon,

to

and

got notice to

remain,

as

she

go,

was

but she had


the

wife

of

fixture.
Jenkins, and Jenkins
was
a
Even
the lady's own
French
maid,
talked
of
Yvonne,
leaving.
*

There

was

not

one

little panelled house;


endurance
Countess

was

hour's
and

reached

peace

in the

the limit of
when

the

in the

declared

closed her

she had

morning

eyes.

By

some

never

fatalityshe

always happened to wake and mention


Mrs. Gamp, if the girlbegan to dream
of Sant' Isolda.
Each

down
Mrs.

morning
bring

and

Jenkins

had

Chesska
the

early

been

had
cup

to

go

of tea;

told she did not

Then
the dog's
hysterical,declaring know how to make
no
loved her but the dog. It was
one
breakfast had to be prepared; Jenkins
^\thejBndof a gay
and his wife were
evening; she had
unequal to that. It
recited tillthe room
with
to
the Countess every
to
had
be
shown
laughter ;
rang
md she had been told it was
superb, and
morning and approved, or the dog
lat she ought to appear
behind
the
might have t"een cheated any day with
of
footlightsagain for a few turns
diet of scraps.
a sane
took charge
)urlesque. And then, when the guests
After breakfast Yvonne
of the
'^ere gone,
the doctor had to be called
of the
personal appearance

became

it.

THE

caught both her


towards the glass side

h:inds and led her


of the
as

at

out!"

Rosary caught his


her wrist.

from

of

and

cross

"But

107

It

took

noted

beads

the end of

be

curiosity.

some

Ireland.

Series.
K.

BY

C.

IV.

The

the arrangement

with

of

down

hanging

was

up

New

"Why,

looked

Views

and

Vignettes

tired face

protection.

eye.

He

chain, and

the

He

pity and

with

her

at her

child indeed.

were

fagged

are

you

to look

room,

if she

MARIA

He

cruel."

downright

AVE

IT

on

was

ber,
Sunday night in Novema wild night of thunder,

1920

"

lightniiigand
the

to

came

^that

rain,
"

call

sick

the ivied

with

little house

Catholic, Miss
front ori the road from
Galway to Salt
quiet reverence.
Hill.
Tv/o priests lived there.
Father
She
shook
rather
her head
sadly. -O'Meehan
absent ; Father Griffin
was
No, but I wanted to have a Rosary at
the call. Two
had come,
answered
men
Sant' Isolda. Daddy didn't mind what
be
fror^
to
some
pretending
messengers
Church
one
said, but he was
prayers
dying mtin at a distance. The last word
of England.
I know
to say
how
the
'Griffin
the housekeeper heard
Father
icosary." Atid she, added a girl'sword
effect
he
would
ingly
willto
the
that
was
say
of admiration, "It's lovely."
"take' more
trouble than this for
"I am
going to ring for Jenkins to him."
soit
There must have been some
lighta fire for us," said Basil,changing of pretended apologj^for bringing the
the subject suddenly. "This rainy day
priestout on that terrible night. Father
is cold.
You need warmth, child; and
Griffin at first took the Blessed Sacrament
must

you

Brown?"

he said, with

'

\7hat

I need

is

(To

at

corner

sit and
v/her^ I can
somebody like you."
be

home

rest, and

fire,

talk to

from
a

Sacred

continued.)

the

being

the
for

Host
at

priest went

of the Flowers.

Way

back
BY

GERTRUDE

^ILACS in
Asters

the

By

keeps

them

Hoary

victor's

nations

Crumble
But

the

For

Kings

in

so

their backs

Kings
Poppies

and

beside

Violets in the
Dahlias

in

heads.

kingdoms fall;

still the

Bloom

their

Summer
the

silver Spring,
the

Fall.

storm, the

If

escort.

and

low
a

abrupt turn.
militaiy lorry

w^as

never

Heaven
away,

grey

wall

bend, and the

an

hood,
In all likeli-

waiting

was

knows
but

how

Father

alive again.Day
in Ireland
Newspapers

seen

after day went

through

wall;

ment
Sacra-

left the

he

traitorous

picion
sus-

doomed

put the Blessed

beyond that corner.


he
was
spirited
Michael

rear

his

if

as

mind, the

the fields had

strife,

sod;

kingdoms

the

road had

love of God.

and

; then,

the knowledge
risking his life,the tragedj''

was

towards

tulipslift their heads

the

(the church

in his m.ind

was

in

all.

in

his

as

the

of

thing
changes from assassination to somelike martyrdom.
swingBeyond the first clump of trees ing

rod;

sink
the

them

sick

the

again, before

with

that he

wall;

Will that

the

there

Fall,

Little peoples bend


For

house

Suiiimerthrough

the

above

ROSS.

silver Spring,

garden

the

High

the

in the

Hollyhocks
And

ROBISON

and

used

was

reservation

distance)

some

crossed
The

which

room

for

chapel

by.
pearance
England reported the disapof a Galway priest.His people

the worst, knowing the fiendish


who had been sent
brutalityof the men

dreaded

to terrorize Ireland.

Yet it was

hard

to

THE

108

AVE

priest,of all
imagine why this young
others,should have been singled out to
The lover of the
be foully murdered.
children
done

the

and

poor

had

what

"

he

the object of spiteor of

to become

searching the
of recent events, a possiblecause
fourid. Let us see what happened
Afterwards,

vengeance?
course
was

MARIA

child,died

in peace,

of Father

believed

deposition

or

^sassins

received

verbal

some

their victim.

from

the implication

came

Griffin. The

priest had

the

the full rites

with

But here

of the Church.

some

statement

Quirk knew

who

had

attacked him ; the priestknew too much.


Or, perhaps, to their suspiciousminds,

highly probable that the priest


had attended Quirk knew
about
who
Imagine the dock side of Galway
beyond the Spanish Arch and the CladQuirk's associates,and could be forced
man
to give information.
dagh. Over there, lived a young
been
assistant
and
had
who
named
On that Sunday night of storm
Quirk,
in a leading business house of Cork,
lightning,it is believed that an army
Quirk was
a jewellerand silversmith's.
lorry took the captured priest to the
called from his lodging one night,seized
headquarters of the "auxiliaries,"the
to
armed
dragged
men,
by a group of
country house called Lenaj^oy. Densely
lets. wooded, undulatirig,
the waterside, and left riddled with bulgrounds surround
be
not a vestige of it can
the mansion:
Possibly his uniformed murderers
ished
fintrees
have
must
the
ten
shots
nine
road.
from
the
or
Beyond
seen
thought
him ; but when they were
of this private park is the boundary
gone, we
him crawling slowly and with much
see
wall of a convent
garden. People in
he manages
loss of blood ; and somehow
the neighborhood say that a bright light
to get to the door of the lodging. It is
visible that Sunday
night over
was
house
he
to him, where
use
some
the
only Lenaboy, as if near
a strange house
rents his room
was
being made of one of the search; but, being in Ireland,it
a

few

before.

weeks

it

was

"

is

Catholic house.

no

There

of doctor

chance

to be

seems

priest. After

or

time, to go into the street is


the perilof death.
run
Laid on his bed, he is bandaged

to

curfew

with the best


unskilled way
some
He has
of the people of the house.
a

littlechild there,
"

eight. "Send
me," he

me

child of

whispers.

the priest,let the child


near

me,

come

and

for this is my
death."
obtained courage
Two

in

seen
or

pray

haps
Perfor

spiteof curfew

girls,

often mounted

noise of shots

on

was

the
mon
com-

experience, hardly to be noticed;"


found that
the Monday the nuns
a bullet had
pierced the convent wall.
the circulation of
The next step was
incredible report in the
an
rumor
a
ceived
It could not have deEnglish papers.
on

"

"

side
be-

"If I can't have

that prayer
the quest.

in

care

were

lorries. The
'

but

seven

the child to pray

Tightsthat

any
one

Irish

man

or

woman

for

ness
The bearing of false witmoment:
in the
has been a notorious ru$e

land
suppression of the truth regarding Ire; it

was

too often the usual course,

like the officialdenial.

The

circulation

to the House
orders, ran out to secure
of this calumny went even
help. Unable
When
bring the priest of that parish
a question was
of Commons.
put
possiblybeing hindered by danger from
to Sir Hamar
Greenwood, a few days
the lorries, they brought a priestfrom
pf the Galway
later, about the murder
Father Griffin. priest,a voice among
the ministerial
a distance,and that was
He went at once
to the dying man,
heard
heard
benches
was
prompting him:
his confession,anointed him, gave him
"Say Sinn Fein did it."
his l^st Communion.
ing,
to the Saturday evenQuirk, who had
We
now
come
so
asked
for
the
of the
wisely
prayers
nearly a week after the disappearto

"

"

"

THE
and

ance,

look

we

at

desolate

AVE
road

MARIA
before

109
From

death.

the

of

state

the

It is four miles from


jaw, it seemed as if the priesthad been
struck in the face, like his Divine Master.
beyond Salt Hill, about a
In all likelihood,there was
from
inland
Barna.
membered
mile
an
People reof a lorry attempt to extract infonnation,
that the rumble
tions
questhat brought no
to the
heard twice near
answers
cottages there on
was
in their
who
had
him
the Monday
night. A lorry went past violent men
A bullet
The
failed.
and
after
without
flare
of
a
attempt
power.
light;
any
the
ended
the
back
the
time
through
same
temple
priest's
long
lorry came
of the neighborwith lamps. The men
hood
agony.
When
the nuns
had washed
the
are
searching far and wide for
away
black
of
earth
the
and
the
You
clothed
disturbance
of
the
bog,
ground.
any
dead priest in his sacred vestments, he
not trace disturbed ground in a bog ;
can
laid before the altar of the church
was
but, by a merciful providence, the holy
where he used to say Mass. A vast concourse
body is not to be left buried in the black
of people streamed
in and out
peat. There is a sign; a little end of
of the sacred edifice. But there was
cloth is noticed a few
yards distant
one
the
examined.
figure that remained all the time, one
from
road, and eagerly
^the saintly and heroic
It is not a detached
figure in black
it goes down
rag:
of the
mother
not
into the watery ground. The searchers
his
priest. Had
ordination
been
the
have seen
of
her
day
enough.
great day
life a day never
with
to be forgotten? With
That night they are there agaiin,"
lantern and spades. Three
a
priests the fortitude of the Irish mother, she
kept loving watch close by her murdered
with them.
The pony
and car
are
are
son
so
hidden away
behind a cottage at some
long as the body lay before the
altar
in
its last sleep.
distance. One of the boys keeps watch,
The bishop spoke of the crime, on the
while the digging begins very carefully
following Sunday, as a horrible sacrilege,
by lantern light. The hole has sunk
to a depth of hardly two
an
not
to
be
when
classed
outrage
with
a
feet,
else.
"Such
and feels the neck of a
hand goes down
anything
a thing," he said,
"has not happened in Ireland since the
with the straight line of a
buried man
it. Not long
days of the priest-hunters." Then,
wet Roman
collar across
after a time, came
afterwards a burden, carefullywrapped,
the revelations of
General Crozier,when
is carried on one
of the little carts of
a British general
became
the country, escorted by a guard of
utterlydisgusted with the force
of which he had only nominal command.
I. R. A. men.
est
They take it by the shortHe revealed that the shot had been fired
in the night into Galway, conscious
way
all along the four miles that a
by a "cadet," ^that is, by one
of the
chance meeting with a lorry of soldiers
commanders
in the
"auxiliaries,"
of men
would mean
These
ex-officers were
interrogationand a violent late war.
posed
supto be a grade above
the Black
of
attempt to capture the remains

bog.

skirting

Galway,

far

"

"

"

"

"

"

the beloved

hours,

Father
but

Griffin.

before

After

dawn, the

few
cur-

and

and
unobtrusive

littlecart gets safely into the


city, and the sacred remains
reare

them

leived secretly,reverently,at the pres)ytery of St. Joseph's.

that

The

body

larks

of

was

the

quite perfect,but
most

brutal

bore

ill usage

We

Tans, but went


did the

same

for pay to Ireland


foul work,
of
some
"

at least.

hear

since from

another

source

killed Father
auxiliary who
Griffin is stillboasting of his infamous
deed. It is quitelikelythat the "department"
into whose hands the priest fell
the

THE

110
did not

AVE

prisoner,but to
investigationswere

to kill the

mean

investigate. Their

MARIA
inner

He

room.

Then

he went

Irish songing
again in the gatherus

sang

away

an

they hushed

darkness, with all his possessions


in the littlebag swinging in his hand.
tain
Crozier told,a cerAs General
it up.
wards
But we
knew by that time what he had
officer was
standing by, who afterbeen privilegedto do; and he did not
the body conveyed to the bog
saw
ttiken
had clasped the hand that had
and buried; and that ofiicer was
go tillwe
labored
the
a
so
out
being
given
reverently to clear away
of the
by
way
the
dead
his
In
dossier
water-sodden
and
the
lift
elsewhere.
earth,
command
General proves
beyond doubt the suppression priest from the bog by lantern light.
brutal: he

killed,and

was

the

concerning

evidence

of

))c continued.)

(To

cruel murder.

gathered this awful history


from
the lips of the people, the pastor,
the child who stood up by the turf
even
fire and gasped out with horror, "The^
killed the priest!"
It was
by a strange chance that we
took a lodging so close to the door froni
So far, we

he

which

had

out

gone

fatal

the

on

without
night. One could not wake
thinking of the silent road below, and
the grey
wall and the fields, the Claddagh beyond with the Spanish Arch and
"

And

the quays.

always

the road, in

on

imagination,there was darkness, storm,


muffled
the
lightning flashing, and
of
hurried
along
by
a
priest
figure
traitors, a priestgoing out to absolve
the dying, giving his life for a soul.
By a stillstranger chance, in a Galcottage, one
evening at nightfall,
way
"

we

sat beside

from

the

the bog.

run."

He

door,

came

He

lifted hira

who

man

had

in

at

"on

been
the

the

was

welcome.

was

stool,
"

one

Here

the

was

of those long, narrow

stools that

are

except beside

nowhere

to

next

Irish

be

found

turf fire. We

exchanged
words.
He
acquired new
had learned the language first at school
a

BY

the

The

"

Page.

RYEMAN.

NORA

III.

Banquet.

not afraid, lad. Hold


"T"E
up
"D head, and play and sing your

But

mind

this
The

your

best.

venture.
adof your
a
:
King has been told by the
word

not

Bishop that he has escaped a great


Justice has
peril,but knows no more.
the
and
with
been
tempered
mercy,
miscreants
who
plotted the evil have
under
sent out of the Kingdom
been
Do

escort.

Llayor and
staircase

of

to

sake.

my

words

These

best

your

Highnesses for

the

come

spoken

were

Robin

their

amuse

Now

climbed

as

the

guildhall; and

!"
the

broad
when

pushed
they reached
they
a tapestry-covered door, and
open
quet
in the splendid banfound themselves
the top, the former

hospitable

standing unnoticed for


some
time, while we
our
laughed over
struggles with the difficultiesof Gaelic.
he
No:
He hoped he did not intrude.
and

Robin

room.

hautboys were
minstrels' gallery as
The

Robin
raised

over

dais,

the
where

playing in the
Mayor Royle led

polished floor to the


Henry

VIII.

and

seated with

of Aragon were
Bishop Algar. The feast had put the
King in an excellent temper, though now
and again the red gleam which spelled
Catharine

phrases and

danger

in the

Presently the Bishop leaned forward


and in a low tone said something to

new

Gaelic movement;

and

now,

came

into his eyes.

mixing with the Irish-speakingpeople, their Highnesses, who gave Robin their
he spoke it with a rapidity that baffled hands to be kissed.
the ear.
He was
given a meal in the
"Ho, ho, Master Mayor ! This is the

THE

AVE

111

I shall be

the

thee

same.

is

"He

troubadour, too, I hear," said

"Let

Queen.

listen to

of

to go,

Blessed Lady,
our
lays.
it will please us all the more."
"Now, Robin, thy best!" whispered
Royle, kindly ; and the minstrel took his
harp and sang the "Song of the Blessed

The

the

Children"

sails
far

happier
the

is the

Its soft
Safe

But

safer
the

by

feet

far

Glad

say
rover

he be the

same

falls from

the top of

feet

the

with

and I would

me,

trade
children

forever

Robin

the

are

of Our

Lady
and

sang

who

and

play

in

did

But

forever

and

played

who

stay

were

his

called him

been

would

like

hear
to

to her

come

sung

in

sunny

more

of

it.

to

Court

chair.

he

asked

Spain.
How
and

wouldst
be

troubadour, my minstrel page?"


in her
"Well spoken!" chimed
Then

"I

"It might

Robin

my

playing,and
when

in

if

gained his

on

Catharine
fanfare

with

of

the minstrel,
a

plumed

cap,

white palfrey.

heart's

desire.
felt

Mayor

trifle

cavalcade
had
depressed after the
He
had
taken
the
a liking
quitted
city.
to Robin, and would gladly have been a
father to him.
IV.

Should

Sinking on one knee, he kissed


the King's hand
and said: "Highness,

city

a
"

eyes

"

The

Storm.

time after the royal visit to the


Old England,
cloud came
over

Some

he kick away
the ladder set at his feet?
Would
fair a chance
be his
so
ever

again?

and

pomp,

kind-hearted

The

the

"

favor meant.

had

He

guildhall was

the

Henry

and much

times.

at other

blue velvet jerkin and

second

For a momfent
a moment
only the
boy hesitated. The home of the Royles
before him, with its happy family
rose
ambition painted the Court
group. Then
and all that Court

over

band.
hus-

Queen's speech had pleased him.


"

it

"

rode in their retinue

song," said she.

good,

honest

when

decision

final; and
trumpets

song

ing.
call-

my

it over,
thought it
the midnight

bed

quitted the old town,

aye.

this

Think

think

his

on

chimes

corn;

hand.

one's

Robin
over

children

teach you
a

he

have

not

ladder gets many


than bide
worse

to have

in

like that

he

"Put

again, Robin."

aye.

it was
silence;and when
ended,
bowed
drew
and
back. But
modestly

Catharine

might do

amidst

to say

You

reaper

far

guildhall did

the

bruises.

It is well

reaping the

gladder by
the

is

in

Lady

is the

When

At

aye.

skylark
singing at morn;

When

and

princes. You know where


The King is inconstant,
son.
they who ken him well.
in love: why
shouldn't
in patronage?
He who

trust in

is the

Glad

But

and

rest;

are

of Our

play

nest;

is the babe
at

forever

who

in

bird

Its cradle

(Children

Mother

little

of

speak, and then it was

so

calm;

the

feet of Christ's
Safe

clear

were

He

in

on

are

obeisance

Robin ; but not until


recrossed the courtyard and

they had

palm;

the sailor

Who

But

the

winneth

his

made

Mayor

that is written,

the victor

Who

too."

took his leave with

your

Happy

At

one

Happy

At

us

If it is of

his

is well!"

that

"Ha,
"The

proud

to be the

Queen's page."
replied Henry.
Mayor and his good wife will rig
will pay
for the rigout, and we
ging.
When
we
quit the city be ready

spark who goes about discovering


plots and conspiracies,I trow," said
Henry; and Royle replied that it was
young

'

MARIA

dark
a

cloud

of faith

behind
saw

the

which

only the

rainbow.

The

fickle Henry took a distaste to his darkeyed Spanish Queen, and desired to
place the coquettishAnne Boleyn in her
seat.

When

Rome

said

its Non

pos-

simus, he yielded to the temptation to


to be what
lie
tal^e his own
course,

THE

112

called free, and

fmported religion. It
time

for

Those

would

not

newly

terrible

was

Catholics

the

who

to the

ear

gave

AVE

land.

the

of

the King

own

the

and

and

revenues

for

v/as

neighboring
head, Bishop Algar, had

the

Benedict

school"

under

seek

Golden

But
Felix

saw
glass who foremust
eventually
"

to sin

simple duty, he had

told him

to come

House

that he might not be

so

against his Faith, as

do if he became
Anne.

the page

he

of the

the

But

that the friends who

had been

so

kind to

him.
poor Robin would remember
will
said
the
"That
we,"
Mayor. He
turned to Wattie : "Boy, if dad has gone
and Rob turns to ye in need, shut not
the

door

on

him.

stray dog: surely


soul for whom
Wattle's young
a

who

man

on

Robin

attended
to

Anne

service of

London

from

said that holy

man,

after martyrdom

Bridge, and
to

set

was

Queen

the

And

it.

see

What

present.

was

another

as

that he has

pity him !"

ladies went

her

prived
de-

been

same

came

He, the

London

sayest

now,

Ye

would

ope

ye

would

do

Christ

it to
it to

a
a

died."

face hardened.

coward, father, all the

same.

He is a sheep in

I said before.

"What

dry pastures, where


poisoned. Let us say

the

wells

some

Aves

are

for

him."

after this conversation,a clown

Soon
came

to the House

with

good

of the Golden

waiting

to have

one

with him

word

in

bade

who

of Walsingham

mind

in

the

certain booth

where

Meadow,

be

Would

him,

accompany

man

^'merry-andrew,"to
him

Banner

for its master.

message

Cole's

of the

far
reply was
from satisfyingto Royle. Robin liked
the Court ; the new
Queen had appointed
his
him her troubadour; the King was
good master; and he, Robin Shelvocke,
One saving touch of
well content.
was
He hoped
grace the letter did contain.

Lady

religion. God

him.

the

shelter in the

Banner,

tempted
would

on

to Robin, and

written

them

old

the city.

Feeling it to be
and

of the

among

"

the tempest

over

be the

may

Fisher's head
up

shadow

the

Royle, the painter


that

who've

Alas ! 'tis rumored

new

saw

and

of their way.
still kept his "free

some

were

Queen

and

apt to eat too freely.

are

lost his Faith ; has even


Boleyn when she went

been

of the Knights of St. John.

there

One

not

tenor

even

Father

left

queened

his See'; its religious dad?"

stillretained

pursued

have

Anne

Wattie, he is.young

Children

to him.

spiritual
quired
re-

would

Mistress

of cake

Its

of Allegiance

the Oath

to take

caping,
entirelyes-

not

cities.

the

church

unstable.

the

better off than

he

one,

when

"Remember,

"Dad,

time

been

not

it."

'

Silverbridge,although

break

sacred
inmates

the

turned

adrift.

and

groundless

circulated

houses,

charges, took
treasures,

gious
visitations to reli-

made

had

the Court

as

ried
harspiritualhead of the Church were
to keep faithful to
a crime
; it was
The pillagebegan. The King's
Peter.
commissioners

MARIA

was

before

heleft the town?


at once
with the
Royle went
in which
a
a
large caravan,
little
and
girl
a
tall,gray-haired man
awaited him.
Seeing the stranger, the

Felix

clown

child

to

ran

"Sir
"what

to

away

Thomas,"
brings you

"Evil

fortune

herself.

amuse

Royle, huskily,

said
here?"
and

trust

in the

man

pilgrimage to Walsingham
by my side, and who painted St. Walthe
church window," was
stan on
our
answer.
"Royle, Lady Diana has left
She was
first cousin, and the
me.
my
that cousinship is
teaches
new
learning
too near
of kin for spousals,and freed
who

made

her

from

her

vows.

Earl

If he

asked for littleCiss,and

Wayverne,

left

has

She

"He's

me

wedded

forever.
was

backed

She
up

by

mandate.

royal

But

kept

MARIA

Ciss'

will be

with this good


came
Silverbridge fair,both of
us
disguised. Felix,I am on my way to
Spain, where I have friends. Wilt guard
one
jewel, my littleCicely,till such
my

close ; and she and I

time

is

to

showman

this tempest

as

claim

her

113

AVE

THE

be overpast, and
again?"

happy to think that his Cissie


and good. See?"
merry
"Yes, yes. Uncle Royle!" said Cicely.
so

v/here's muv\^er?"

"But

V.

The

Scaffold.

The

"

storm

The

its worst.

at

was

dominant

Spanish

; the

speaker and said earnestly,even


solemnly : "I will guard her as the apple

religion
was
dangerously illat Kimbolton ;
the Coui-t was
madly gay ; the stake, the
the heritage of
rack, the Tower, were

of my

men

can

once

Royle placed his right hand

that

on

of the

eye,

as

aught hap
will do the
"That

mine

to me,

Jean.

own

wife

my

Rest

same.

bidden

speak

to

remains

she

but this."

He

been

inner

an

now."

its usual

their

wore

bearers

her

cried:
with

round

arms

won't

"I

it!

say

Come

away

me!"

She

deaf to all persuasion ; and at


last Royle drew
her apart and said:
was

"Little Ciss, canst

"Try

me!"

keep

big

secret?"

may
come,
you

and

put him

never

like

see
a

have

to

and splendor, too.


chimed; the maids

pomp

and

blue

sent

white;

wreaths

up

it

have

thurifer-

of incense

to

sky ; the religiousOrders


guilds floated their
Bishop Algar, in gorgeous

the clear, blue

and

the

banners.

trade

vestments, bore the monstrance


.

procession

The

canopy.

under

was

by the Mayor.

walkiijigslowly,
singing solemnly, until they reached the
On

they went,

church

on;

"

the berries

walk, where
Then

blossom.

with

emblazoned
"Halt!"

came

an

were

Rose

halberts, and the Tudor


on

in

interruption.

jerkins,stopped the

way.

they shouted.

long line paused. Three men


and
laid hands
on
stepped forward
them
to
Bishop Algar. Royle walked up
The

and

said: "Take

Father

in God

off your

Our

hands.

bears the Blessed

ment."
Sacra-

the retort.

was

"If father doesn't go over


the sea, we
shall lose him.
.take
Naughty men
may
him

tery;
monas-

meant

all that; and

it. Bells

They had

Men

threw

for

Sacrament,

to father."

the tears away,


and
Sir Thomas

Silverbridge.
making

were

procession of the Blessed

their annual

with

faithful

the

but

headed

Cicelypouted, winked

the Pope

Chi'istendom.

visitation of the Benedictine

outside,and returned with a


mer's
child, dressed as a mumdaughter.
"Cicely my birdie,"he said brokenly,
"go with Uncle Royle, and say good-bye
went

at

King's commissioners

silken

dark-haired

of

troublous

were

There

"

He

Times

obey

felt in

Father

Supreme

has

the faithless found.

amidst

criminal to acknowledge

was

The

fully
pocket of his vest and drew out a carewrapped parcel. "This," he said,
"contains a golden cross
and chain of
of our
flawless pearls, given to one
is
of
dead
It
family by a
great
queen.
value,and I put it in your keeping. If
Cicely is in danger, hesitate not to use
it. I beseech you
guard that pearl of
I'll fetch the
her
Faith.
great price

lambkin

It

faithful

her

of the past.

not

Queen

as

and true. Call

bidden

her guardian, and

as

you

children

content."

will I, old friend

her Ciss Royle. I have

And, if

and

was

new

into

him

prison, and

again.

But

if you

good little lass, with

shall play with

Jean;

and

we

me,

daddy

"Yea, but I
Guard

of the

am
new

of the King's
oflficer

an

religion; and

Algar,

Bishop of Silverbridge, has refused to


acknowledge our Lord King Henry as
fore
head of the Church of England. Therehe is committed

to the Tower."

THE

AVE

.cried,"Afaman, inaman!" when she saw


heard the cry through
the lady, who
the open window, and glanced up, then
head

her

bent

that

coat

Earl

guessed that the


Countess,

in the

of

the

was

become

If so, she

One

night there

autumn

v/iien

Jean

her

in- a

cupboard,

you

can

see

came

the

gentle

The

and

Vesper time,

from

I will put

whose

-peephole

the littlemaid."
her v/armly;
thanked
following night there came

Countess
the

on

three gentle taps


the

at

the Beads, and

say

you

closet,from

on

Jean

the outer

door, the

hastened

to admit

whom

she

whose

small

woman,

took

into the

window

the interior

the panelled parlor could

of

and
"Keep thee here a v/hile,
thee!"
to
Holy Spirit v\'hisper

seen.

"-

door; and,

we

of

was,

and

Cicely'sown
mother;
course,
Heaven
prayed
might show
of
right.
path

here to-morrow

signal given.

new

gossip) had

lord and

follower of Luther.

and

Wayverne,

woman

former

velvet

115

"Come

; for she

away

(so said

v/ho

her

divorced

on.

the horseman
the

was

v/ent

the littleone

drew

Jean
knew

and

MARIA

the
said

to

tones

visitor in

the

after which

her

be
may

she

sv/eet, low

she joined the others

in the parlor; and

she

herself

and

the

child Cicely and the Widovv^ Royle knelt


found a v.^oman,
to it, Jean
closely do^\al and said the Rosary.
it was
When
wTapped in a long cloak,standing in the
finished,Jean went to

tapping

the

on

outer

ing
go-

on

the

doorway.
Royle, I take it?"
want
"Yea.
What
you?"
"Let nie speak mHYi you
a- moment,
for pity'ssake."
"You

Jean

Jean

are

her

took
and

Room,

visitor into the


the stranger

then

cupboard and found that the


had

occupant
the house.

"

hardened

of

out

the girl'sheart stole

Into

that

fear

unseen

":Oi:!e, let herself

the

Countess

had

again

heart.

her

Oak

said:

"I

The
been

old shepherds of the

flock had

turned

out of their pastorates upon


of Wayverne, once
Diana, Countess
refusing to take the Oath of Allegiance,
Lady Diana Carr."
places had been filled by men
"Lady Diana Carr stillto a Catholic," and i;heir
V
\ was the reply. "The marriage tie is not of the new doctrine. But the faithful
\ a golden bracelet to be lightlycast aside stili contrived to hear Mass in secret
,when one is tired of it."
places. Wiien Wattie saw a quantity of
The Countess paled and bit her lower
new'y-washed linen drying on the lines
'

am

"Mistress

me

we

take

different

near

seer

But

different faith.

and

only child.

love my

see

not

be

for her

to do so. Madam.

She

for

welfare

would

grow

dissatisfied."
"She
I

can

not

see

Put

me.

where

me

Countess

it seemed

PeiTs

was
as

interior voice

that

going to be celebrated
at top of
big weaving room
and
the
on
appointed day, the
;

Roy'e family and littleCiss climbed the


long staircase and joined the mixed conFather
knelt
round
gregidion, who
Franciscan
Maiirus,
a
persecuted

quietly weeping,
an

weaver's, he knew
v.^as

priest. The Llass

look at her, myself unseen."

(The
and

need

in

Pell the
jt Mass

his liouse

her."

"It would
you

Jean,
a

mother,

et

of

are

ws,

was

watcher

was

being

at the bottom

over

giving
and thanks-

offered, when
of the stairs

the
came

whispered to the priest, vv^ho


turned to the people and said :

the good old path."


She turned to the

But there is still time


stranger afoot.
unknown
and I, too, will depart. An

whispered

to Jean:

"It is written

that

littlechild shall lead them.


It may
be that Ciss will lead her mother
into

grieving

woman:

up

and

"Go

in peace,

my

children. There

is

that

friend has told the watcher

suspected. Yet they


us

AVE

THE

116

Lord

for Our

unawares,

unknown

to

woman

not

can

are

we

take

now

has sent

an

us."

warn

Quietly,yet with thankfulness,the


congregation dispersed, wondering
could

friend

unknown

the

who

be.

"It
Royle did not wonder.
The door of
be Cicely'smother.
she saw
her heart oped a littlewhen
But

Jean

must

ing
kneeling amongst you, counther beads,and grace entered in."
heard the
It was
so. Lady Diana
even
Earl of Wayverne tell a minister of the

"her child

that

so-called Reform
were

searchers

the

the track of rebels who met at


to catch and take them
were

on

and
Pell's,

and she
prison on a Sabbath morn;
disguisedherself and went to save them.

to

MARIA
then lady-in-waiting
to the new
v/as
Queen. And when next Jean heard of
in a Con vent, of
Lady Diana, she was
Poor Clares abroad, as Sister Magdalen
Like Mary of Egypt, she
of Jesus.
desired to cleanse her spotted raiment
by tears of penitence.
preparing for the feast
They were
Christmas
with a solemn gladness one

who

door.

young

man's

Denser

and

deeper

the House

over

Sheaves.

Golden

"

Banner.

only exterior : the


the
lightof Faith,glowed
eternal,
light,
brightlyin the home. Though the Merry
of
Mayor had joined the noble army
unf or gotten.
martyrs, he was
to
"My Felix, my poor Felix,come
the
I
thee!"
aid!
miss
implored
my
in any strait. "Dad
widow
dear, help
But the darkness

was

"

"

to stick to my

me

when

work!"

said Wattie

and
grew sticky,
hard to affix to the

the cobbler's wax

the patches were


shoes. "Dad went
"

to God from

knock

went

to

the

on

it, and

voice greeted her with


to wish

come

"I

you

holy and happy Christmas, Mistress

Jean."

took

She

him

into the

guest*

spent,
parlor;and, seeing that he was
which
after
him
refreshment,
brought
she hearkened
compassionately to his
pitifulstory, the story of one who had
"

on

Pharaoh's

reed and

found

had

sent

pierce his hand.

the clouds

grew

of the Golden

came

Jean

the page,

Robin

am

leaned
VII.

there

Eve, when
outer

the high

be worthy to be called
me
his daughter," said bonnie Jean, when

Catharine
farewell

of

Aragon

letter to

Friar

Forrest,

her^

director,who was in Newgate ;


spiritual
the letter was
conveyed to him by the
penitentCountess of Wayverne prior to
into a religioushouse.
her entrance
to go to the prison for
Robin
She asked
the priest'sreply,,and he consented.
the martyr in his cell,
he saw
When
to him as an
angel of
penitence came
how he
told
the
and
he
prisoner
God,
Friar gave him wise
and holy counsel,and the good seed took
the
he saw
root in his soul. When

had

sinned.

The

scaffold. Let

smoke

she

Forrest's burning, he abhorred himself,


and, quittingthe evil Court, made his

and

saw

other damsels

in brave kirtles

gewgaws.

Ciss had

time, when

Spain
Thomas

with

secret

them
messenger

for

some

from

them

brought
tidings of Sir
Carr, her father. He had died

in Seville,and had desired Don

Karnon

bring all of which he died possessed


Cicely,and to give his wife Diana his
forgiveness.
himself bore the
The Spanish senor
to
Countess
of Wayverne,
the
message

to

to

flame

ascending

at

Friar

of the Golden Banner.


When
he had told his tale,Jean took him
to her mother, who greeted him as the
father of Scripture had greeted the
way

been

and

to the House

prodigal. And I think that Jesus and


Mary blessed the house that Christmas
Eve as They blessed the firstone whe
the Angels said,"Peace on earth."

I have

littlemore

to tell
"

only this.
Royle,

The chronicles relate that Walter

THE

AVE

of Felix Royle, was


Mayor of SilverTudor
reigned.They
bridge when Mary

son

well-directed

ship, while the incessant

They tell us also of Jean,


unto whom,
and to
lister,
Mayor's
husband
Robin, was
given Clover

fort

been

Cicely,his wife, to

of

Carr.

the property of that witness

once

Christ

kno^vn

and

(The

The

had

been

Merry Mayor.

the

as

who

Peter

End.)

of Fort

Hero

sank

or

flag
that

was

comers

many

deeply

stir

Americans

the

heart

and

know

who

and

country; but nothing has

down

that

flag and

their

love

pov^^er

of

to call

of heroism
poignant memories
and bravery than does the statue that
stands on East Battery,gazing seaward
more

the

across
"

harbor

bronze

towards

figure of

soldier,his right hand

Fort

across

the

palmetto.
ican
of the fight,
the Amer-

shot

was

unlearned

the

and

away;

then

littleIrish

it

geant,
ser-

of

torrent

shells

the

from

brave

lad

leaped

outside the parapet, recovered


set it in its place again.

his

heroism

he

offered

was

commission, which
an
declined, saying: "As
comrades

blush

^vould
What

And

then

'

the
For
tenant's
lieu-

he modestly

officer,my

for

proof

patrioticdevotion

trie,
Moul-

Continental

pointing

shov/er
over

into the soft

vessels, the

Sea,

spirit

of

looking into his commander's


face, his
shining v/ith true
eyes
said:
"Colonel
patriotism,
Moultrie,
let
without
don't
us
a fl^g!" And,
fight
British

the City by the


CHARLESTON,
holds
nooks and

went

guns

In the thickest

amid

Moultrie.

British

their

deck

the

Farm,

up

dreamed;

never

fire raking the

from

Thomas

for

they had

which

every

had

whom

lier

117

restored the lands of Sir

mention

also make

the

MARIA

of

my

rance."
igno-

unselfish,

!
the

came

fateful day

of

October

9, 1780, when, in the city of


the flags of France
and
Savannah,

planted side by
side on the parapet; and again the flag
his left holding a fla^ fixed on
^stands,
that
cut down; and
Jasper revered was
staff. The base of the pedestal
sponge
in an
the
hero
of
Fort
Moultrie,
young
^as a battle-scene representing Serhis
former
to
gallant
attempt
repeat
mt
Jasper in the act of mounting
shot as he regained the rampart,
act, was
vath the rescued flag.
le ramparts
fell dead, claspingto his heart
and
hark backward
And our memoHes
to
to the littleisland where

lat memorable

Fort

day of

June

Moultrie

28, 1776,

South

Carolina,were

the colors he loved


When

so

well.

think

of him

make

for

so
so
young,
dv/ellingof
full
life
and
himself
joy,
sacrificing
Charleston
were
stripped of
so
freelj^so gladly,we feel that it can
leir weights to supply the American
not help but inspirethe whole American
)ldiers witl^bullets. This was
the day
people, and impel them to consider the
of powder
rhen the amount
was
so

^hen the
jousesof

windows

lall that it had


reat

of

expended with
the officers pointing
deliberation,
to be

-svith such
leir guns
lost of their shot took

The

British

Parker, had
the rude

sand.

looked

But

from
gave

the

palmetto

rows

this crude
^them

Peter

feet apart^

sixteen

rows

between

with

fort, the

welcome

citizenship

that

to the

disdaii\ upon

with

true

noble manhood.

To

Sir

little fort, built of

filled in

Americans

exactness

ideals that
and

effect.

commander.

logs,laid in two
and

the

we

of

overthrovv'
Lord
A

would

crime

building consecrated
lege.
be an impious sacri-

still greater is that

destroying by scandal
been
It

was

Jesus

soul which

of
had

the temple of the Holy Spirit


not for buildings of stone that
Christ

died.
"

St. John

Chrysostorru

THE

118

Protestant

Confessional

AVE

MARIA
audience

him

Rev. Charles
THE
leadingProtestant

M.

Sheldon,

minister and the

to

into

buildingto hear
that,either by
sensational methods or by moving pictures or
unusual
preaching, his ministi-yis called a
failure. The average
church committee,seeking
for the church, vvant one
man
a
who
an

Advocated.

come

preach. If he

do

not

can

books,has a paper
in the January Atlantic Monthly called can draw a crow^d. The church is looked upon
as
a
place to go to hear some
one.
"The Open Door," in which he very
But
than
people want
something more
earnestlyappeals for a closer personal preaching: they want comfort and
courage,
author of

numerous

the Protestant minister

contact between

and

it
vocates
his people,and very seriouslyadestant of
the settingup of a kind of Prot-

and

the

help that

is handed

out

does

not

to them

come

wholesale.

The

when

confessional

the

is a recognitionof a
Roman
Church
craving so deep and eternal that it is a
bewildering thing to see how it has been
A Catholic does not have to read very
phasizes
ignored by the Protestant Church, which emcover
far into Mr. Sheldon's article to dispreaching above piety,and the pulpit
above the person.
It is always easy to prethat his idea of confession and the
dict
what
might happen if something is done
confessional is not at ail that of the
in place of something else;but I would
like to
Church.
There is not a Catholic priest
human

confessional in churches.

world, in charge of souls,who

in the

does

outside

conduct

not

the

fessional
con-

"Open Door" as the


minister describes and
designates a
"confessional." Adjusting troubles is a
priest'sjob in every parish, entirely
such

an

in the confessional ;

aside from his work

adjusting troubles, social and


to be Mr. Sheldon's idea
marital,seems
of what a priestdoes in confession. The
writer has no conceptionof the sacramental
and

character of confession

of the

or

of
America
suggest that if. the Churches
opened a confessional that would minister to
the primary needs of people'ssouls,in between
the preaching and
the multipliedcommittees,

the

Church

the

"

Church

Protestant

the

second

church?

service?

don't

Why

concerningthe Church's
Sunday afternoon, given
Door, established

might be

worth
and

ministrations

every

as

week

church

in the Protestant churches of that gxeat


institution which, brings every member
of the parish into intimate contact with
its religious
this minister shov/s
leaders,

course,

advance

has been made

since

the days when the blood of Protestants


would run cold at the mere
thought of
the awfulness of confessingone's sins to

can

know

the

all the pulpit


machinery of pulpit

the need of confession,


once
recognizedin this way
decriedj

Catholics

to

custom,

than

more

all the

fail to be glad to
so much

not

see

we

to

that goes
weakness. A whole

up

Open

people go

all the rest of the wail

and

"

organization.

an

this

"

of absolving from
sin.
priest'spower
However, in so far as he senses the need

what

in

count iy
would begin a chapter in its life that
would
do away
with
the questions. How
can
reach the masses?
shall we
do with
What
we

but, of

that the trouble about

empty churches and the like,which goes


deeper than Mr. Sheldon has any idea
of,can not be cured by the settingup of
such

confessional

It is

as

astonishing to

he has in mind.
Catholics to find

human
a
being, another sinner like well-intentioned Protestants here and
cating
one's self. The followingpassages
from
there,at this time and that time, advoMr. Sheldon's paper
the borrowing of Catholic beliefs
teresting
are
especiallyinand practicesthat may
strike them as
and informing:
The

things that have made

three

Church

in the

power

unity, its dogma,


Protestant

Church
reason

and

its

does

not

there is

no

third.

One

average

Protestant minister

of

why
the

olic
Cath-

confession.
have

it should

first

the

past have been

The

these; but
not

have

struggles
seems

its

of

to be to

gion
being effectivein holdingpeople.toreli;

while allthe time it is the Church

itself as

whole, with all its authority

the

and all its teaching,with its title-deeds


obtained from Our Lord Himself,which

get

should be accepted.

the

THE

Notes

school

Catholic

end

the

No

parent

of Brother
that
'""

is

olic home,
know

even

more

with

Granted

truly
important,
child,than a
a good Cath-

children, and

who

explain

who

it

the faith M

in 1884

years

in

our

the great

in this country

Propagation of the Faith,

Gibbons
:

Of

ago.

Church

to its directors

wrote

seed

"If the grain of mustard


in

the

shores

the

soil of

virgin

gigantic tree, with


from

the Catholic

interesting sketch of

struck deep roots

has

Pauline

foundress, was
an

the

to the

planted

themselves

few

debt which
owes

Society,

saintly life appeared

columns

Cardinal

give the example of Catholic practice,


and one
might defy the most bigoted
school to shake

]\Iarie Jaricot,

whose

pecially
Es-

of the Society in 1822.

active in fostering the

if not its actual

intelligentparents who

their religionand

to their

foundation

the shoulders

training of

Catholic school.

to

parents' duty.

on

France, by Bishop Du-

ana,
bourg, for the poor missions of Louisiin
formal
the
the' initial step
v/as

sidered
con-

Sister the responsibility

or

in the proper

""

the

be

not

belongs to parenthood.

Catholic home

"'

of

unload

can

119

olics

children

should

MARIA
of Lyons,

Remsirks.

sending of Catholic

The
a

and

AVE

and

into

grown

stretching

branches

of the

America^

Atlantic

to the coasts of the Pacific,it is

Ocean

mainly

pupils. Treating of the desirabilityof


to the assistance rendered
mirable
by your adsending the children wherever
possible
that ^Ye are
indebted
Society
to Catholic schools.Pope Leo XIII., in
for this blessing."
his Encyclical Sapientiae Christianae,
American
While
Catholics
tributed
conof
"Where
the right education
"says:
to the funds of the.Propagation
amount
of
% youth is concerned, no
of the Faith as long ago as 1840, it is
f trouble or labor can be undertaken, how
tions
only of recent years that their contribubut that even
great
greater still
"

soever,

('may

be called for.

not

^ indeed

there

countries

Catholics

admiration, who
and

incur considerable

lay
out-

zeal in founding
schools for the education of youth. It
bestow

have

regard,

JDO found in many


worthy of general

to

are

In this

much

time and

^"yetall should

circumstances

demand

home.

If in their

early years

walls of their homes

more

they find
the rule

an

\\ill thus

in great

measure

be

guaranteed."

there

that

current

year,

to American
as

the appeal made

is of

in 1815

to the Cath-

surest

sign

of the

our

people

must

one

admit

for

excuse

some

tual
even-

is the growing

this.

they hear, for instance, of a


quantity of costly "booze" being stolen
of a prominent citizen
from the home
in
whose
services
important affairs are
often required by our Government, they
District
when
naturally laugh; and
Attorneys, having the general disregard
Prohibition

that
the
be

officers of

drafted

statute

mand"
in mind, "de-

public sentiment

terest smile, knowing


peculiar in-

Catholics,inasmuch

creditable.

of it. And
is

still

are

When

of the

centenary of the Society for the


Propagation of the Faith, on May 3,

fun

sidered
con-

their

country,

our

dispositionon the part of


to make

The

of the

parts of

than

meagre

upright life and the disciplineof


^H
virtues,the future welfare of
^Bhristian

^Pie State

with

repeal of the Dry Law

be intimately persuaded

to be

as

contributions

Perhaps the

ythat the minds of children are most in'


fluenced by the training they receive at
the
^grithin

large

as

In many

means.

indeed, these

^ is highly desirable that .such noble exbe


generously followed.
"i-ample
may
\iwhere

been

at all commensurate

or

the
that

sentiment

up

is not to

Who

has

gotten
for-

excited

over

the

drilled.

the merriment

back

law, all the people

THE

120

AVE

MARIA

cants
of large quantitiesof intoxiwhen
officials of the former

Ireland

transfer

changed residence

Administration

in

the

next

And

are

write

thinks that Republicans


true
in favor

more

any

themselves

for

Prohibition

who

than

Until all Government

of

ocrats?
Dem-

tatives
represen-

to do what

up

is demanded

of

no

are

in many

being made

places. "Bootleggers"
and "speakeasies"flourabound
ish.
No wonder peoplelaugh.

Going
Parnell

half

on

century

when

ago,

those

by tyranny from
have

of the

land.

the

ceased

never

of

women

devated

graves,

these
and

sons

driven

land of their ancestors,

to love and

Next, inscribe

labor

for

it the

upon
victorious chieftain of

that
of

name

Irish liberty,
the
bold and brilliant Henry Grattan.
Still higher
write
of Eobert
the name
Emmet, who laid
his country'ssacrificialaltar to
his life upon

other people,it is useless to try to enforce


Prohibition. As a matter of fact, make
serious efforts in this direction

and

men

their fathers'

on

daughters of Ireland who, though

that

wealthy citizens make

and
their minds

the

died

fightingfor their country'shonor. Above


names

Washington?

of

names

who

her

Emmet

great and

grand and free. Above


gold that household

write. in letters of
of

name

Irishmen, Daniel O'Connell, the

son

of Erin.

Nearer

to the

stars

mortal
im-

em-it

thej

blazon

it, with a radiant shaft of


upon
of the hero of Kilmainham
jail,
sun, the name
Charles Stewai-t Parnell. And, written upon
the

summit

name

of

shall

blaze

"ItearOld

the

forever

ancient

Ireland!"

the uncrowned

was

and

land,
King of Irethe
was
Boyle O'Reilly

John

A faithful

lin
saying of Benjamin Frankof
a
quoted
by
correspondent
Americans, the Pilot (of which O'Reilly
the
New
York
Herald
the
bration
celeduring
was
editor) reproduced a
lengthy
in honor of the great American
with this prefatory note: "The
^
article,
v;ho "snatched the lightningfrom the
J. Chambers, pastor of a
Rev. Andrew
large colored church, has the following sky and their sceptre from the hands of.
vive
tyrants." It is good at this time to resplendidpaper on Ireland in the A. M.
and

notable

most

of Irish

best loved

was

'

in memory
the words which the
concludJanuary." The ing
paragraph of the paper in question great Franklin addressed to the framers
of our Constitution :
interest some
of our readers,now
may
We
have
for
in
searched
three weeks
that Ireland's unswerving fidelity
to the
E. Revieio for

Faith

been

has

longed-forboon

rewarded

with

the

Ireland for the Irish ;

her laws framed

by her sons, and her


her
by
people:

lands owned
If the

mighty Irish National League wins


win
the fight for liberty and
it must, for
its side, then let
God and humanity are
on
be built, broad-based
a
monument
the
as
"

"

universe; encircle
Let

Ages."

its gorgeous

christen it "The

stars, and

its

apex

with

the

Beacon-Light

foundation

stones

be

from

"

an

Ireland, who
the

feet

zeal

angel'swing
Irish

us

invoke

the

Father

of

longer

I live and

Light

I believe that

and, if

men;

His

upon
the

God

the

have found

nothing.
guidance of the
proceedings. .The
I know, the more

our

more

governs

sparrow

in

can

His

the

not

notice, is it probable that

arise without

divine

assistance?

an

affairs

of

fall without

empire
"Unless

can

the

Lord

build the house, they labor in vain that


lieve
build it." I firmlybelieve this;and I also bethat without
succeed

in

our

His concurring aid we


shall
political
buildingno better than

the builders of

Babel.

of

St. Patrick,from
and

Let

of

the

laid their system of


Patrick, grasped the
standard of the Cross of Christ, and converted
their island habitations into the jewelledgates
its base with
Write upon
a
of Zion.
quill
of

Druids

religionat

politicaldarkness,and

character

the

of

name

whose

the

trious
illus-

piety, learning

obtained

those

The Brooklyn Tablet quotes a


plaintof the Sydney (Australia)Cath
olic Press, that Catholics lack the reading
of
habit, "a lost art, a memory
bygone days." There is no doubt that
the high speed at which the world now
is regrettablyhelping to deta
moves

structible
inde-

and deep
elements of moral manhood
religiousconvictions which have been its staff
and stay for long and gloomy centuries. Write

"

THE

people from books^


automobiles

and

Movies

and

AVE

MARIA

dances,

121

antecedent

belief

experience. If

or

he

what

not, are tending was


an
opponent of the Eighteenth
hours
monopolize the quiet home
Amendment, he can find any number of
devoted to reading.
which formerly were
concrete
facts apparently proving that
And
yet how true the saying of an
prohibitionis a signal failure; if he
old mo^k of Pascagouda: "You
lose a
out
favors that Amendment,
he is not withof
in
from
deal
time
learning
great
weighty arguments tending to show
books things that the Lord will tell you,
that it is too soon
to decry Prohibition
if He wishes, in an instant" ! Reflection, as ineffective. Englishmen visitingthis
of
prayer, the practice of the presence
by
country are less likelyto be moved
God, are not these also to a great extent
and
of
the
a
so
prejudice;
experience
lost arts?
"The Lord giveth wisdom:
correspondent of the Church Times, an
cometh
and out of His
mouth
be worth
Anglican publication, may
Ours
for
^prudence and knowledge."
Catholic
recording. As the London
the asking, if we
hearts
our
Times
prepare
quotes it:
with the all-wise
by loving communion
A
Times,
correspondent of the Church
Teacher.
Good
reading is important, who has just returned from the United States,
to

"

is far

but prayer

more

is horrified

so.

going

i
K

'

"

In

"

cities he

the

acknowledging

receipt of

^"3pyof the Constitution of the


^^omen'sLeague of Canada,
^^casion

the

to

reliable

take

we

congratulate
of the League on the excellence of their
iiims and the sanity of their procedure.
Their organizing is due to a belief that
it has

become

an

have

medium

through which

absolute

wise

'

His

express

themselves

matters

which

as

interest them

should

and

three

of

fourth article,
which
To

submit

rulings of
To

all decisions
the

consult

his wishes

Hierarchy
the

of

regard

to

each

article. What
as

establishingthe

the League

'ojectwhich

well for the

and for the


it may

eight thousand
yesterday in the Holy

in such

development

success

of any

undertake.

out

Country
is

American

is asked

to-day
lether or not Prohibition has proved
is likely to be
success, his answer
affirmative or negative according to his

the

ranks

dedicated
it is

when

get

to
so

an

remarked

the

and

God

of

banners
of

turned

men

parade. They

Name

organization that
In

religiousprecept.

often

into

men

Paterson

that

day

it is difficult

church, the demonstration

impressive indeed.

was

am

under
in the

marched

to

|.When

excite controversy:

About

embodied

common-sense

an

demand

would

is omitted

explanation and
'

The

of

They breathe a welcome and


liberty
wholesome
spirit of American
distinctlyshows
and toleration, which
We are pleased
the trend of the times.
portions of the
to
reproduce these

to the

diocese

for

his fears

that

appear

comment.

gue.

policyargues

it would

laid

Gibbons

Prohibition

following paragraphs

The

of Canada.

Bishop

with

importance

of

danger

all

at

-people which
stances.
ordinary circum-

article lately published in the Paterson


call for no
(N. J.) Press-Guardian

as

run:

of

it is not
a

"

Constitution's

the

of

giving
people

realized.

being

all

loyal citizens and devoted children of


We
Church.
have been
Holy Mother
particularly impressed with sections
two

and

this reason,

the

is
the

what

Cardinal

Eminence
on

same

Prohibition

habits

the

may

in

unit

effect;

is that

lesson

The
check

to

great stress

necessity to

they

other

the

to

might be legitimate under

are

reports of many

that

seem

of

entirelyopposite to

intended.

members

The

visited

effect

an

drinking that is
societyin the

of

amount

all classes

investigatorsare

it would

and

Catholic

at the

amongst

on

week

double

when
children

ago

Saturday,

demonstration

that

nearly ten thousand

paraded through

city,followed

Paterson

the

saw

also

"was

tional,
inspira-

Sunday-school
of

streets

later in the afternoon

by

the

turn-

'Tis

of the

Key-Dates

In

r HERE

all is

when

sultry August,

In

September

first

halfway

the

on

will

6th

first

our

fall;
December

and

the

on

3d

and

"

1922.
that

is all.

still,

best

is

one

you

Lil'lady.

in

carry

head.

memorize

Just

of

almost

year.

In

Sunday
dates

"

said.

that's

your

doth

Sunday

and

excellence; but

of

points

its

has

calendar

The

kinds

many

days and

to sjiow the

Arranged

that

Sunday,

is

the

through

colors, too,

many

Each

of

4th

June, the

AUSTIN.

calendars

are

7th

May
;

appear

UNCLE

BY

until

not

Year.

BY

the

dates

Sundays

which

on

the months'

MARY

IV.

fall,

WAGGAMAN.

T.

Eph.

Uncle

"

something of a skip up the


sandy heights that had given Shorecliff its name
; but Lil'ladyhad been

f'T
was

And

then

date

no

bother
Add

thi'oughout the

to first

sevens

the

dates

all.

at

you

will

year

Sunday's date, you'llhave


which

on

learned
The

other

Sundays

the

of

month

lightlyever since she had


her faiiy feet.
Beyond

skipping them
to

use

out
with-

occur

hitch.

Tom
When
;,,
.

The

of all the

fixed

in

of

Sundays

of the

are

year

mind,
is

an

thing

easy

(If the

to

of

July should

crash

and

bang

key-dates

is first

at

and

once

hold

in

in
"

just you

look and

in

lags behind.

out

lighthouse that

the

and

from

beat

the mouth

of the

its silent warning

Cove

through

as

the darkness.

Lil'ladysleptthrough the fiercest

stoi-ms

without

seemed

the old home

fear,

safe

strong and

so

that stood back

on

cliff,girdled with its high stone


walls; sheltered by trees of centuries'

then

March

bleak

with

growi:h ; verdant
and

is its first

month

date.

July

Is Sunday, but

back;

stood

and

that held

the

the ,5th day of the

In April, and

October, too,

mate;

Sunday's

them

But

Sunday,

and

November

to rise in wrath

seemed

furiously against the barriers

glimmered

it true.

February

were

the

of

fast:

prove

In each

and tide. There


against wave
the
stormy nights and days, when

"

January, first of all,and

Both

with

buzz.)

the

get by heart

day

Sunday,

first to last,

from

memory

1st

on

"glorious Fourth,"

named

are

months

le

boat,

ridges, like
tress
of some
battlements
sea-girt forearth had been striving for
where

waters

is the

and

^ow,here

fall

does,

Tuesday

list to

his

turning

now

in steeps and

rose

centuries

second
as" it

Then

just

was

the shore
the

weekday

any

find.

"

dates

date

Father

which

the stretch of beach, from

well, the 2d day,

pleasant May

our

we

find.

key-date

lawns,

grassy

shrubs

with
a

"

and

little wild
for

vines
and
thsre

it is true;
weed-grown now,
no
gentle mistress to give them lov-.
was
of
"Little Lady"
the
But
ing care.

Shorecliff
She

was

was

not

something

troubled
of

about

wild flower

that.
her-

124

self,and

her

home

seemed

THE

AVE

to her

the

MARIA

beautiful place on earth. She loved


its shaggy growth of vines and shrubs,

most

been

drowned, perhaps, if that strange

man

had

not

her off. And

come

he had

in his boat to take

made her promise


again go there alone.
Gee!
she hated
to
promise things,
the
little' lady mournfully.
thought
Why she had done it she could pot tell.
house, with its wide halls and rooms,
She should have kept her hands tight
and heavy, old-fashioned furniture,that
behind her and said, "No!"
kicked
and
scratched
and
had
been
all
credit
three
She had reached the stone gateway
out
of
by
banged
pairs ^f
and w^as
Cousin
little feet.
Jane, though a
pattering up the broad
now,
ing
good housekeeper in other respects, drive, her littlebare feet lightlytreadthe fallen leaves that lay in golden
had declared it would
put her in her
within a year if she undertook
Uncle
to
was
drifts, which
Eph
only
grave
Elmer
Marsden's
children.
scatteringwith his rake and broom. The
manage
"cat-and-rats"
had
done
furniture had
their worst
So the old mahogany
old Uncle Eph's eyes now;
he
been whittled,and the great, tapestried to poor
divans had served successivelyas Deadcould scarcely tell darkness from
light.
But his ear caught the soft footfall,
and
wood coaches and pirate ships,and the
he lifted his gxizzledhead anxiously.
damask
curtains had been looped into
"Dat yo, Lil'lady? Mam
Indian tepees and Arab tents, until the
Sue, she's]
from de window'
been a-shouting down
Shorecliff drawing-room, once
the joy
to know
whar yo is. What yo doing out
and pride of its lost mistress,was
very
much the w'orse
for wear
indeed.
wifout no stockings or shoes?"
I haven't
"How
do you
know
The boys were
older now
oni
; the days of
the Deadwood
coach and the pirate ship
stockings or shoes?" laughed Lil'lady*
had passed; even
Lil'lady,to her grief roguishly.
de patter ob your
little feet,
"Hear
and indignation,was
being left behind
dose
this desertion that
as
a "girl." It was
honey. Old Eph can't mistake
littlefeet. But yo hadn't ought ter be'
had sent her out to-day on her reckless
expedition to Steeple Rock, that w^as
running round wif dem bare. Lil'ladies'
still rankling in her mind
round
de rocks and
mustn't
run
she took
on
as
her lonely way
briars wif bare feet.' 'Twill stir up
home.
The boys were
She's getting
at school. Even
Sue for suah.
too big for
Mammy
Dave, now
Git on yo"
a governess,
had started off this mornmouty old and finickynow.
ing
to the military academy, recently shoes and stockings 'fore she sees
yo."j
"I can't," was
the cheerful answer.J
opened not far away.
washed
out
Lil'ladydid not mind Dan so much:
by the tide,'
"They are
he was
I
them in that
where.
left
knows
fifteen,and that was
nobody
really
I waded
but
to Steeple
sand
when
quite old. But Dave, who until now
had
been taught by ]\Iiss Gilbert, Dave,
Rock."
who had been her chum and her pal ever
"Steeple Rock!" echoed the old man
since she could remember,
in dismay. "Honey chile,what was
v.^hen Dave
yo
had gone
off so straight and stiff in his
doing at Steeple Rock?"
new
uniform, with his head and its
"Fishing, trying to catch a nice big
soldier's cap held high in the air, it w^as
kingfishfor daddy'iSdinner."
almost more
Lawd!"
than she could stand. This
"De
Eph,
gasped Uncle
had
sent
her
her
on
breathlessly. "\^Tiar will dem boys take
expedition to
she would
have
Steeple Rock, where
yo next, Lil'lady?"
she would

tangle of climbing roses, its


too
cluttered paths that Uncle Eph was
blind to clear. She loved the big old
its wild

never

"

"

"

AVE

THE

"Oh, the boys didn't take

They're

to

gone

me

school,Uncle

MARIA

at all!
I

Eph.

lot of fat

up

And

"

"

I most

had him

"

when

I most

had him,

Uncle Eph""
"Don't say yo lost him !" broke in the
old man,
excitedly. "Don't say yo let
from yo." (Fishing
a kingfishget offen
was

the

pleasure left in

one

old

poor

Uncle Eph's darkened


life.) "But how
could dem purty littlehands ob yourn

pull him in?"


"Oh, but I did," I did!

S'pose s'pose
"

Uncle

and went by
worms
caught a fish,too, the
biggest kind of a kingfish,Uncle Eph.
My, didn't he pull! He nearly jerked
off. And
then
arms
then, when
my

dug

myself.

125

slow

"

"

Eph

as

mind

speech quite failed

there dawned

upon

his

all the perilshis little lady

had SQ recklessly
faced for her kingfish.
Sue
"De
-if Mammy
Lawd, Lil'lady,
hears v,iiat yo been doing dis day she
will nachallybust into a fit!"

"Well, v"-e won't tell her, then," said


Lil'lady,
philosophically."It's all over,
home
safe.
and I am
And I promised
that man, whoever he was, that I would
I have
do it again. And of course
never
to keep my
word, that I will not go

fishingon Steeple Rock alone any more.


I don't know
why I promised," said
in an injured tone. "Somehow,
Lil'lady,
when

nearly had
turning and

he talked
I

so

nice and held out his

hand,
just had to do what he asked.
face brightened,"I can
But," Lil'lady's
go fishingwith you, Uncle Eph. I didn't
promise anything about that."
"De
Lawd, honey," Uncle
Eph's
offen
"Tumbled
de rock
one
yoself!" withered old face was
big wrinkle
of delight,
echoed Unxjle Eph, suddenly rousing to
"yo wouldn't want to traipse
the perilsthat, in his excitement, he
along wif an ole blind Nigger like me !"
had ignored, "nearly tumbled
off de
"Oh, yes, I would," I would!" Lil'lady
wid
de
tide
in
and
rock,
clasped Uncle Eph's old shaking hand.
nobody nigh
terrupted
"We won't go to SteepleRock of course,
^there was !" in"Oh, but there was,
but there are lots of other places."
Lil'lady. "There was
a man
in a boat,that took me
"Dar is, dar is,honey ! I ain't been
off and brought
me
home, a real nice man," conceded
tellingob 'em, for Niggers dat kin s^e
Lil'lady. "He had caught a kingfish kin find fur demselves ; but I knows de
himself,and offered to give it to me for bends and de shallov/s,and de quiet
dad's dinner.
But dad wouldn't care
placeswhar de fish hides,and whar dey
for his fish,I know.
If I only could
bites,and whar eben yo purty little
have pulled in ftiine.
if I
hand can
Uncle Eph,
pull dem in. Don't yo kite
off
could
have
mine!"
and
only
by yo'selfno more, honey. Uncle
Lil'lady's
voice broke tragically.
Eph will take yo fishingwhenever
yo
Don't yo fret about it, wants to go."
"Dar, dar!
I know how yo feel,honey,
Lil'lady.
And, somewhat comforted for her lost
I know
how
cut
feel.
do
It
into
day
by this agreement, Lil'ladyskipped
yo
heart suah to have a fish get off
to
the big house, remembering Uncle
your
on
bait and hook and line. But"
Sue, with
(again Eph's warning that Mammy
Uncle Eph felt duty compelled him to
her
voice and
temper sharpened by
remonstrate) "yo ain't got no bisness
rheumatism, v/as on the lookout for her
kitingoff to fish by yo lone self,honey, nursling'sreturn.
like dis; yo ain't got no bisness at all.
It had been an exciting morning, but
safe home.
S'pose dat man
she
hadn't come
was
now
long!
him

I could feel him

in.

twistingthe line. And then ^then it


broke.Uncle Eph, it broke and my big
fish was
wild I
so
Oh, I was
gone !
off
tumbled
rock
the
nearly
myself!"
"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

(To

be

continued.)

THE

126

About

AVE

Elephants.

accustomed
Pi^E
awkward
,VY elephants
are

think

to

as

but

of

MARIA

pricked his visitor with the needle he


was
parted,
using; thereupon the visitor debut before long came
again with

resque his trunk filledwith unclean


pictu-

beasts in ia circus parade ; but in


the laborers,
they are
among
in
branches
of civil
all
being employed
and military service. They haul artillery

the

gave,

the mountain

passes,

and do
logs in the sa\vmills,
tasks.
as

Sometimes

an

stack

great

many

other

order for

tv/enty elephants will be

as

many

received

military station.
Apart from its utilityas a draught
animal, the elephant renders efficient
from

service

to

its

owner

and

itself in

Another

story tells how

very

pleasant
un-

ing
boy, visitelephant a

menagerie, gave
piece of tobacco.
Many
years
afterward, when the lad had become a
the elephant at another
he met
man,
and
his undoing; for
it was
exhibition,
the animal
promptly recognized and
a

an

small

killed him.

More

of its great
variety of ways, by means
trunk.
This
proboscis,or
trunk, nearly
eight feet in length, is composed of
small
variously interlaced
muscles,
numbering, according to Cuvier, almost

tailor

bath.

India

over

astonished

water, and

f^NLY
^^

learn

Haste, Less

Speed.

by experience do
the

wisdom

of

young

such

folk
erbs
prov-

leisure,""Hurry
"Rash
haste
makes
slowly,"
waste,"
up
climbers
sudden
It
around
have
be
coiled
tree
can
40,000.
a
"Hasty
falls,"and
and employed to tear it from its roots;
dozen
others of the same
a
import.
it is a more
formidable
of offence Most
boys with a given task before
weapon
"I
and defence than the tusks; and
them are apt to reason
in this way:
done
its extremity may
hard and be
well work
be wound
around
as
a
may
with
it quickly, as take my
time and
handful of grass or a slender branch.
One of the astonishingthings about this
have it last a long while."
',
The
the
This
incorrect.
animal
is
is
delicate
great
sense
reasoning
very
amount
of touch with which the tip of its proof fatigue which results
boscis whole
is endowed,
in
from doing any piece of work is by no
a delicacyshown
the facility
with which the elephant can
the same
when it is done quickly
means
is
from
done
the
when
it
pick up
slowly. One can tire
ground a surprisingly as
small object.
one's self out, for instance, more
by
As for the domesticated
hundred
Indian elephants,running
a
yards than
by
they are
Avalking ten times that distance. If a
carefully chosen by
and
judges,
horse is allowed to jog along slowly,
expert
are
required to
at the rate of three or four miles an
intelligence,industry, and
possess
a
mild disposition. The elephant is,usutravel thirty miles a day
hour, he can
ally
willing to do what is required of for months
at a time, without
ing
growhim, and makes a faithful servant, unthin ; but if he is driven at the rate
less
he happens to take a dislike to his
not stand
of eight miles an hour, he can
master
of his cruelty or
account
on
than ten or fifteen miles a day for
more
steamer
deceit;then the great animal will wait
can
a
Jong period. Even
any
to express
his resentment
much
a long while
the Atlantic with
a
cross
very
as

"Hasten

at

"

and to take revenge.


You
have all heard

smaller
supply of coal if she goes
elephant slowly. As the wise old philosopher
that put his trunk inside a tailor'shop. Seneca
said, "Haste trips up its own
The tailor,not fancying the intrusion, heels,fetters and stops itself."

of the

AVE

THE

AUTHORS

WITH

Fundamentals

"Xhe

"

the sixth of the series of Reconstruction

by

issued

the

Council.

Welfare

phlets
PamCatholic

National
undoubted

Its

usefulness

be

materially increased if reference


facilitated by
were
its ninety-four pages
would

index- or

for

Roses

"June

"

Sacred

the

unnecessarilysentimental

the

excellent little book


will find it

rejoiceto

have

of the

of real

source

and

new

of the DiAdne

Master

devoted

His

month

to

is

very
for the
Heart

Sacred

will

devotion, and

pect
ever-appealingas-

for every day of the


P. J.
loving Heart.

Sons; price,50

"

Kenedy

meditations

of

Lovers

of June.

month

cents.

ings
writvitalityof Cardinal Newman's
being proved by constantlyincreasing
" Co., of- Freiburg, have
testimony. Herder
The

"

is

issued

small

seven

volumes

his books, grouped under

Way

This

Christendom."

"The

and

translation

German

ably executed, and

the

been

most

of

expositoryand other adjunct


exceptionally
high order.

an

The

"

usual

as

Christmas

recent
in

in

Way

season

has

ical,
biograph-

was

protests againstthe

is

matter

as
use

prolific
of the

represent the day of Our Lord's


Universe thus sensibly
Nativity. The London
foi-m.Xmas

to

comments

the

on

matter:

the
seven

The

symbolism

as

we

but
to

necessary.
be used
may
obscure
the

of

name

Christ by speaking of 'Exmas,' v/hich


indeed be barbaric."
""A

long

so

would

liam
Christ," by the Rev. WilJ, Young, S. J. (B. Herder
Book
Co.), is
a series of devotional
papers, each containing
the succinct presentation of one thought taken
^:n

Year

the

iday.

Gospel assigned to
The

:it,rather
n;

and

With

each

consecutive

are
designed to supplepapers
than
supplant, the Sunday ser-

should

prove

of decided

utilityto all

uch

laymen as are prevented from hearing


'he usual Sunday homily. They v/ill also be,
or
should be, welcomed
by that growing body
of lay Catholics who, through their association
with

devout

'etreats,are

nging

members

of various

Catholic

and

attendance

at

their

weekly

of

Catholic

new

periodicals

in

field

covered is
already sufficiently
new
a
benefit; whereas
to
weekly, monthly, or
quarterly devoted
df

doubtful

very

in

specificpurposes
welcome.

The

virgin field
Third

its

ensures

Order

Forum, a
cago,
thirty-two page quarterly published in Chiis a magazine
intended
primarily for
own

directors of the Third


Order
of St. Francis;
for patrons of the Third
der
Orand, secondarily,
and Tertiary priests. Its first number
is
attractive in make-up, and the contents are
of
genuine interest,not merely to Tertiaries but
to practical Catholics generally.
The

"

done

Catholic

London

well

Truth

reproduce

Society has

pamphlet form
"Psycho-Analysis and Christian Morality," a
few
months' ago by the
a
study contributed
Rev. E. Boyd Barrett, S. J., Ph. D., to the
to

in

of the Month.
The
pages
the psycho-analytic
cult has

which

attention

attracted,not only
in medical
and psychological
but in the
circles,
difl'erent professions and among
the more
tured
culof the great mass
of the people,warrants
examination

an

of its claims

and

cussion
dis-

of its essential

moralityor immorality.
commendable
acknowledges some

Barrett
the

cult,but,

the

on

trustful
whole, is dis-

encroaching on- the sphere of


spiritualguides. "Analysts, however
tent
compebe in psychology or medicine,
they may
have
divine mandate
to act as
no
shepherds
of

of the

its

flock."

A
perfect text-book
requirements involve

"

Its
than

writer
firm

of

and

due

qualitiesare
crowding in

the
are

same

of details which, though


ject,
strictlybelonging to the subconfuse

and

beginner, for

whom

to

written.
can

of

choice

latter these

mass

but

sei'\'e

the

and

but too frequentlynegatived by


a

interestingand

changes

with

suffer from

conciseness

arrangement

materials; while

works

rare.

of artistic skill

usually possessed by the ordinary


or
by the erudite scholar who has a
the
of, a given subject. With
grasp

want

ganizations,
or-

extremely

on,

fomier, clearness
a

is
more

is

laymen's

beginning to feel the need of


more
intimately into their

Christ

a
"

founding

Fr.

necessary,
do not tend

as

country is a matter for rejoicingor for


A
new
regret, according to circumstances.

things in

To-day

appeal

in this

Church, this

was

will

or
sennonettes,
sermons,
length of the papers
being from
average
words.
to eight hundred
Price,$1.60.

editor

"X, every

priests,the volume
of short

should know, is symbolicof Christ,and so may


In the early
be used
reverently as such.
it is not

To

collection

headings, "The

the

Christendom"

to

excerpts from

of

lives.

"

an

Heart"

title of

PUBLISHERS

to

table of contents.

-127

AND

Citizenship" is

of

MARiA

be

then

to

alone

courage
dissuch

Happily, neither of these


books
against* two

made

THE

128

AVE

MARIA

"The
Letters of St. Teresa."
Translated
from
recently issued by Loyola University Press,
"Institutiones
the
Annotated
Chicago. "Apologotica" and
Spanish and
by the
of Stanbrook.
Benedictines
troduction
InWith
an
TheologisjNaturalis"
give convincing evidence
not only of genuine scholarship,but also of
by Cardinal
Gasquet. Vol. II.
(Thomas
long professorialexperience in their respective
Baker, Benziger Bros.) $3.50.
J. T.
His
authors. Fathers
Life
and
Langan and W. J.
"Heni-y Edward
Manning,
Jesuit
at
of
the
Seminary
Brosnan, both
in
Woodstock,
Though written
Maryland.
Latin, and according to the Scholastic method
should

possibly,one

"

both

"

well

the

because

so

ten,
writ-

literature

onx

points and

the

the

Shane

Six
Leslfe, M. A. With
and
Wash-*
(Burns, Gates
P. J. Kenedy " Sons.)
$7.65.

bourne;
"The

generally accepted theses, as

controverted

the

as

say,

Labours."

Illustrations.

Rule

St.

and

Benedict:

Dom

Dom

by

tensive
ex-

respectivesubjects,

of

Rev.

Rt.

Paul

Justin

Commentary.'* |
Translated*

Delatte.

McCann.

(Burns,

^"

Gates

Washbourne;

Benziger Brothei-s.)$7.^

presented and correlated as to leave


of
the viewpoint either
wanting from
Obituary.
brevity and comprehensiveness of view or of
good order,lucidityof style,and proportionate
Remember
them
that are
in bands.
Heb., xiii, H.
development of specificquestions. A welcome
Rt. Rev.
James
of the diocese
Bennett,
Msgr.
feature
of the "Natural
Theology" is a wealth
of Rockford; Rev. Thomas
arc
Coghlan,
of apt quotation in the vernacular, together
diocese of Boston; Rt. Rev. Msgr. John
Ml
with a list of the publishers of the works
diocese of Springfield;Rev. John
Phelai
den,
Laak's
Van
quoted; while studentsof Father
Rev.
diocese
of Sioux
Benjamii
City; and
Fundamentiil
treatise on
Theology will find in
Allain, S. M.
the
of
that
substance
"Apologetica" the
of St
Sister M.
Dolores, of the Sisters
work
voluminous
tractive
atpresented in a far more
of the Vis
Dominic; Sister M. Agnes, Order
form.
are

so

little

"

It is

students

matter

of

no

small

tation; and

pride to American

of

philosophy and theology that they


works
by thoir own
countrymen
the equal
every point of view, are
and
in many
respects the superior, of foreign
less
on
the same
piiblications
subjects. It is needto say that they will eagerly await
tional
addiThe
works by the same
authors.
price

Frank

Mr.

now

possess
which, from

of the

present volumes

is

Sister

Some

Mrs.

Rrogan,
Mr.

Edward

Mr.

James

McDonald,

The

object of

to

this list

conce^-ning the

publications. The
the
time

head, older
to

Orders

Foreign
can

noiv

time

Good

ones

more

latest

Reading.
i.;

afford information
important recent

to

books

will ctppear

being dropped

out

at

from

to make
room
titles.
for neiv
should
be aent
the publishers.
to
books not on sale in the United States
be imported with little delay. There

th^

Mr.

John

Benn,

Crofton, Mr. P"


Ke
John
Emma
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Keaney,

IVJ
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Mrs.

Mr. Thomas
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Miss

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jamin
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Books.

Recent

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J. Folty, Mrs.
i^Irs.

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M.

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Joseph

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rest give unto them, O Lord ; and let


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Eternal

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lishers'
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An
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thee.".
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ivho s'rcth in secret, wi'f revny
Destiny and the New
"Thy
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J. Godfrey Raupei-t, K.
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the
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Herder
Co.) $5.50.

HENCErOPTH

XV.

VOL.

Series.)

(New

NOTRE

[Published

Pro

GENERATIONS

DAME,

Saturday.

every

Pontifice

BY

ALL

SHALL

ME

INDIANA,

Copyright,

BLESSED

FEBRUARY

1922

his

rest

soul, who

the

vine-field

hard,
But
:

blemish

no

work

The

his

scoured

and

good;

VN'as

to the sun;

furrows
his

on

now

day

is

done,

Saints, who

All

With
For

know

ask

soul!
what

forspent, join
that,
God

as

rest

servant's

his

revel

in

the

night

who, dutiful,

us

of

wage

aright,

soul!

BY

THE

R2V.

G.

"Candlemas"

or

to

so

the

Has

Day.

HUGHES.

building,
"

itself

Candle-Mass

week.

other

every

empty

an

giously
reli-

who

parson

service

lent
redo-

was

for

the

rest

it consciousness, he

stones

from

times

the
of

when

Catholics

communion
faithful

held

was

shipped
wor-

souls

and

between

Jesus

dwelling

Most

Holy Sacrament?
Thought-'energies there
of
plenty, and great waves
forth

HE

the
the

poured out earnest


and were
moved
by holy aspirations;
prayer,
when
mighty stirrings of the
Spirit of God moved
them, and
among
sweet

Candlemas

H.

for

reads

C]

there, and

in the
on

C. S.

Hudson,

ness,
thought, that old church, a consciousof
some
perchance, made
up
lingering thought-energies stored in its

those

After-Thoughts

NO.

village congregation
City Beautiful,

keeps

beryl towers,

the

Do

his

rest

48-

that little church

ancient

God

U.

"

shard.
that

E.

and

of the

steadilybroke
is

There

D.

Sunday

found

LUKE.

4. 1922.

Rev.

when
God

ST.

come,

Nostro.

CROWLEY.

PAUL

CALL

from

the

Sacred

Host

were

love

and

in

rushing
setting

ished into strong vibration the answering love


just finof
that second
God's
the
old
not
on
people. Does
day of
in
still
with
Church
convent
thrill
these
our
February
chapel,
energies?
to
Is it not in some
and
the priest knelt down
sort alive?
May it
make his thanksgiving. His mind, alas ! not have
caught this very
morning a
was
quickly assailed by distractions, faint impression of the pleasant, acrid
smell of the wax,
consumed
caused by the peculiarly pungent smell
by flame in
of wax
the
hard
in
candles after they have been exchapel
tinguished.
symbolism of
by,
consumed
back
hearts
His thoughts went
to
by love; sending out
that
the happy
sumed
conlight and heat around, as hearts
days of faith, when
odor, on the same
by the fire of love always do ?
day in February of
this flow of
time to check
filled every
But it was
parish church
every
year,
This was
from
unbidden.
end to end of old England; when
that
came
thoughts
the
little thirteenth-century
village indubitably a distraction, involuntary,
church, standing, oddly enough, just let us hope, so far; but nov/ recognized,
within the convent
So, thought the
grounds with a right and to be put away.
was

"

of way

for the

congregation

who

never

priest, let

me

turn

to the

great mystery

THE

130

AVE

to-day commemorated;
and, since the
to impose
subject of the festival seems
giving
itself in place of the ordinary thanksafter Mass, let it have

its way;

but let the thoughts which it shall call


directlyto the point than
up be more
about the consciousness

surmises

vague

forty days after the birth

was

the Jews

the

Divine

and

the Holy Child wended

of

Infant

that the little cession


proand her Spouse
of the Mother
its way

to

have been prone

to take

the legalobservances been omitted


by those of such good repute as Mary
and Joseph; to put, too, in the person
of His Son, the seal of divine approval
self
once
the Law which He Himmore
upon
had

given by Moses, the Law


came
not to destroy but
to fulfil. So the' Holy Family came
to
Jerusalem to keep the Law.
in
man
a
"And, behold, there was
was

commanded

Ghost

"

Jesus

Jerusalem

the great Temple of God at Jerusalem


to do according to the Law.
The Law
that all first-born children

would

had

which

of old churches.
It

MARIA

named

Simeon

; and

this

man

devout, waiting for the


of Israel; and the Holy

just and

consolation
was

in him.

And

he had received

should be presentedto God as belonging


to His service,in virtue of the
specially

an

saving of the first-born in Egypt when


all the first-born of the Egyptians were
slain. Also every mother, after childbirth,
commanded
to go through
was
certain rites of legalpurification.The

the Christ

Church

priest therefore,he did not receive the


in any
Divine Infant into his arms

leaves

us

in

no

doubt

Holy Virgin underwent the


that was
purification

that the
monial
cere-

same

answer

should not

the Holy Ghost that he


death before he had seen

from
see

of the Lord."*

This

holy

by the Spiritof God, was


man,
waiting in the Temple when the Holy
Family entered the sacred precincts.
drawn

It does not

seem

that Simeon

was

obligatory oflflcialcapacity as a minister of the


mother in Israel. This lavv' Temple ; though the custom of Christian
upon
every
symbolizedthe general sinfulness of the
paintersis to represent him in pictures
in
which
human
^the
sin
of
the Presentation as wearing priestly
we
are
race,
"

all conceived
God
needed

no

and

born.

vestments.

truth,that Mary
actual purification,
stainless

knew,

in very

He would

seem

to have

met

the Holy Family justwithin the Temple,


the entrance.
near
"Simeon," says that

great authority,Pope Benedict

XIV.,t
"went
salem,
Mother.
Virgin, though
truly a
by divine inspirationto Jeruto the doors of the
and came
"Who," asks St. John Chrysostom, "is
more
holy than she? Not the Prophets, Temple; and, having taken the Divine
not the Apostles,not the Martyrs, not
Child into his arms, blessed God and entreated
the
taken
not
be
nor
he
that
Patriarchs,
Angels,
might now
from this life;praying also a blessing
phim,
SeraThrones, nor
Dominations, nor
nor
Cherubim, not any, in short, upon the parents of the Infant. He then
Mother's
of all thingscreated,visible or invisible, restored the Child to His
excellent
and
told
forebe found greater or more
His
can
predicted
Passion,
arms,
and
to the Mother that a sword should
than Mary. She is the Handmaid
of God; she is at once
Mother
heart."
Mother
pierceher own
and
and Virgin."
The meeting with holy Simeon
But God willed that Mary and His
with Anna
the Prophetess took place
only-begottenSon, made Man through before the ceremonies of the Presentaher, should keep the Law, as an example
* St.
Luke, ii,25, 26.
of humilityand obedience ; to prevent all
t "Treatise on the Feasts of Our Lord Jesus
misconception,and the scandal which
Christ and of the Blessed
Virgin Mary."
and

immaculate

she

as

"

was,

"

pure

AVE

THE

is

It

that in the Eastern

remark
feast

Purification

the

Virgin.

Blessed

the

and

of Jesus

tion

called

was

of

worthy

this

Church

festival

the

of

the

of

MARIA
ion

131

of Saints.

And

is with

Jesus

us

well

ing
dwellas
bodily upon the altar,as
and acting by the Holy Spirit in
Church.

His

meeting of
Family, and

^that is, of the

Jesus, in the Sacred Host, is


again presented to God in His holy
reckoned amongst the feasts of our
was
Again
Temple for the salvation of men.
Blessed Lord.
holy Simeon, speaking by the voice of
this
her
Mass
and
Office on
In
Dimittis
the Church, tells in the Nunc
ful
of the Light that enlightensthe Gentiles
festival,the Church, with that wonderthe word,
Israel.
use
and is the glory of God's new
artistry,if I may
in
her
her
to
in
the
liturgical
which
silence
of
the
as
Host,
belongs
Again,
"Meeting,"
"

with

Simeon

Holy

conspicuous
great drama

in such

and the

one

to suggest

as

way

time the actual

same

as

well

as

the

"fact (which gives their unique character


to all such celebrations of the Church
the past event is truly
the
under
that
made
again;
present
is
ceremonies
rites
and
of
symbdlism

Catholic) that

the originalrealityin all its wonderful

jtruth.
two

are

"fact. One

of this great

causes

is that the

"herself is

Church

;;jhrist's
mystical Body,

liturgy
of
and

Barries

on

taken

His

of

Heart

of His

into the hands

infant

thrills and

of compassion
Jesus

as

is

priestsand

ing
off'ered for this poor world, for the livmost
and the dead.
So, for the
part

unnoticed,as

at first,
by the great world

around, the

Presentation

of Christ

in

re-enacted,and the hearts


of God's people are
purifiedwith that
the
real purificationof grace
of which
the type.
ancient legal rites were
heat,
purification, ^these
Light,
is

the Temple

in

His

of
and

lives in her

who

her

would

life.

incarnate

pre-eminentlytrue

*aul used of himself:

"I live;now

in me."*

The

St.

not I,

in

and

day:

you

seek, and
whom

His

you

Temple.
Lord

The

trumpet

"Presently the
the Angel

the

ing
com-

to be the

voice of

forth in the Epistle of

Malachi/ sounds

the

Temple

monies
cere-

the

heat
of purification,

Source

light alike.

ideas

and

prayers

to His

of the Lord
Fount

the

chief

to-day'sOffice ; with

of

corporate life, those


which

out

the

be

to

seem

brought

and

sacra-

acts

the

sacrifice, are

Church's
are

praise,of

and

prayer

irist Himself,

^ords

silence

the Sacred

Humanity,

Him,

with

one

by His Holy Spirit;


ler Head, animated
that all her actions in the sacred

)f the

the

"

There

lent

in

before

Holy
pleads with a mighty onrush
fore
of the day beand interceding love

religiouslessons,

event, its

so

in

Passion

the

of

eyes

our

is

prese^itment of the

in her

sets the mystery

Week,

"

of things divine, and

treatment

at

the

Thus

desire, shall
He

Behold

of Hosts.

other

Lord

.And
.

whom

of the

ment
Testa-

come

to

cometh, saith
He

shall sit

refining and cleansing the silver, and


of Jesus
Presence
of Levi, and
shall purify the sons
He
is the Real
cause
them
and
refine
silver;
Christ in the Blessed Sacrament.
as
shall
as
gold
the
Lord
the
and
Mass
to
monies
cerethe
in
shall
offer
sacrifices
and they
So, then,
of the feast of the Purification, in justice. And
the sacrifice of Juda
shall please the Lord, as
bers
and Jerusalem
Mary and Joseph are united, as memof the Church Triumphant, with us
in the days of old and in the ancient
of the Church
Militant on earth ; for we
years."*
are
earth and the Blessed in heaven
on
So the Prophet looked forward to the
in the body of Christ, the CommunIsrael,of the
one
great Sacrifice of the new
"ut Christ

GaU

liveth

ii,20.

MaL,

iii,1-4.

AVE

THE

132
in which

Holy Church
has made

Christ

"a kingdom

us

Lord

our

and

prieststo

burning lights,the procession,


the
to
the
coming
symbolize
who
Temple of Him
enlightens every

God."*

The

into this world ; whose

that cometh

man

find

can

grace

everywhere,

even

those who, in

way

anywhere

into

the

ignorance,are

visible bounds

of

His

and

hearts

of

outside the

Church.

MARIA

by the splendor of Thy Holy Spirit,


"

be free from

may

that, the

Heart

of Jesus

into the hearts

of His

As

ity
Mary, holding the sacred Human-

in her arms,
and

worshipped Him, God

the faithful

the

on

made

Man,

gentle warmth

wafted

upon

their faces,bethink them of Him who is


the lightand warmth, the very life itself
of their souls.

Very
summed

beautifully are
up

in the prayers

of the candles
this festival ; and

before

these

the Mass

of

especiallyin the third

of those prayers, with a translation of


which, these few considerations may
well conclude:

Amen."

Basil
BY

Kirby.

VALENTINE

V.

"

PARAISO.

Basil's Visit.

Francesca

Brown

had

Rosary

beads ! Basil Kirby had, through

Rosary.
about
on

There

it. The

London

War, had heard


was

word

an

had been

impossibleplay,a

appealing to folk who


and dressed-up nuns.

timental
sen-

film

liked melodrama

stinct
Kirby had an inthat what this girl had got hold
the real Rosary, and the thing

of

was

on

the stage and

This

of the

popular sentiment
had been placarded

v/alls. There
song,

lessons

for the blessing

what

see

a
politeness, concealed
slight
feelingof disappointment. That
Popish superstitionhad caught onto her
like a burr.
And
yet the world, even

Candlemas

ing
Day, holdthe candles in their hands, and feeling

so

mind

our

before the Great

felt the fire of His love,

of sins ;

being purified,
may
things are
to
Thee
and
vation
pleasing
helpfulto our sal; and thus, after the perilsof the
darkness
of this world, we
merit
may
to the- light that never
to come
dies:
Christ
Saviour
of
Jesus,
through Thee,
the world, who,
in perfect Trinity,
livest and reignest God
for ever
and
eye

be able to

we

They
symbolize especiallythe light of Faith
ever.
that Christ has shed abroad, Himself
the bright sun of Truth shining into the
dark places of the earth.
Heat, too, is
symbolized as well as light; the heat
without which the lightof faith itselfis
dicating
cold gleam, precious indeed, as ina
the way
back to God, but insufficient
by itself for salvation. For
this there must be the glowing warmth
of divine charity, radiating from
the
true followers.

of

all blindness

the film

was

truthful-eyed "Chesska"

intenselysincere,she had
infinite holiness

some

fraud.
was

so

ideas of

in her

own

He
string of beads.
"Kneel
of
Thackeray's verses,
thought
Francesca
undisturbed, fair saint!"
might have her superstition,if she
thought it religion. Why should her
childlike ways
trouble him, who believed
in nothing but a remote
known,
Power, unmind

with

connected

that

"Lord Jesus Christ,true Light who enthat cometh


into
lightenestevery man
this world, pour out Thy blessingupon
these waxen
candles,and sanctifythem
fully
by the light of Thy grace; and merciinaccessible?
So he got over
grant that, as these lights,being that sense
of friction and distress.
enkindled with visible fire disperse the
As Jenkins kindled the logs on the
darkness of night, so our
hearts,being hearth, he even wondered at the t)rocess
illuminated
by invisible fire that is, of thought that made
dislike
man
a
everything "Roman," though he was inApoc., i, 6.
-

"

AVE

THE
different

to

thousand

there

it because

Was

that he

other

was

beliefs.

attraction

an

fightingagainst every time


of that mighty system?
It
he heard
whole
the
had certainly spread over
was

earth to far, far wider

bounds

empire. Its mysticism was


lect.
beautiful,a mighty appeal to the intelIt said noble things to catch the
sympathy of every noble soul. Its feast
and
was
magnificentlyspread with pomp
and

conditions

well

as

was

aware

of men,

teachings

were

knew

conceivable; he
thousands

had

mind

"Don't
remarked.
must

"It

will

please," she
be

soon

to Sant' Isolda

back

go

much,

so

over.

again."

Kirby started. "No, you won't," he


said entreatingly. Yet he felt it v/as unreasonable
to ask

had

her

he to do with

The

going seemed

of her

What

to go.

not

it?

tion
men-

mere

to threaten

blank in his life. "You


not going
are
just yet, anyhow?"
not just yet."
"No"
make
that all sorts
Respite! Perhaps he could
the ignorant as
things better for her, and she v/ould
fed and satisfied.
stay. It was
strangely pleasant to Basil
truistic
althe most
in that old
Kirby to have her company

the cultured, were


Its

133

the

than

old Csssars'

ritual; and he

MARIA

followed

tens

the Poor

of

Man

familiar

that

room

called his "den."

he

As

he

had

often

so

looked

at her,

her
face, he
glorified, with the firelight on
than ever
like the
world-wide
democracy. Yes, it had a
thought she was more
and human-looksecret attraction that he did not like
Italian angels, young
ing,
with sweet
in the depths of his
ing,
to recognize even
lips and hair half-curlmind.
He
for that very
and garments
And
own
reason
softly-tinted.
of
all
Francesca
disliked
those
little
outer
Brown,
was
studying
he.
fringes
of that mysterious system,
from an artistic point of view,
like the
course,
Her
hair
was
simple string of beads in this girl's so he told himself.
Assisi.

of

-It

was

of

sort

"

"

"

fair hand.
So

he

"fuzzed"
she

glad

was

Church of England. She

said

was

of
illogical,

was

playing with Popish

sourse,

she

like

prayers

But, after all,the Botticelli and

lat.

Lippi angels belonged to that


i'ilippino
all Perugino's visible
as well as
religion,
spiritswalking this world in the colors
of the

dawn.

He

admired

that

mastering
over-

creed, while he shrank


it. And
had

meanwhile

put the Rosary

wings, and
tired. It was
no

dark

shadows

that looked
and
gone

"A

his poor

the

heard of such

she had

"What

are

smiling.
people

eyes

the hearth;

across

of Sant'

Isolda

matter

us

with

and
never

be her

up

with
in my

of

is

that

child.

be quite

people
us, and

be

Chesska

some

are

with

selves,
our-

could

who

whom

it

stinctive
In-

conventional.
had

made

up

her

Basil Kirby she could


stand.
simple self;he would under-

that with
own

was

all night,and
her!

they
eyes,

innocence

can

we

other

to

eyes

holy

that there

whom

understand

last

looking at?" she said,


untidy?"
very

know

"No," he said

kept

"

in the eyes

you

"Am

of

Most

is necessary

smile,

girl like you

nothing the

and

quality of

adorable

very

at him

her

full of that
almost

thought,

the

after

dreamy

eyes

artist

the

were,

were
terribly
patient face, with
and cheeks pale as ivory, mind
a

sunshine

from

cushions;

with

contact

night's vigil. Wonderful

littleangel

away;

her

from

from
her

Never

sleep."
She laughed.
week."

; "but

"I

you

could

need

long

sleep for

a thing
peated
retea?"
said
have
some
"Suppose we
impatiently. They sat beside the
Jenkins
was
the practical Basil, and
newly-made
fire; the flames kept a
not to dissummoned
again. He was
.flickering
light on her face.

life !" he

turb the Countess, and

barking- somewhere?

^he

"

that Ariel

was

"

"And

It

makes

always

schoolboy again."
Chesska
presided

over

little table

Basil

dainties and

silver and

laden with

Kirby's most
Crown
Derby,

precious china, the


medley of g^oldand rich
"

pretty cups," said the

love those

girl, beginning- to feel bright again.


"Aunt
a
Eugenie always gives me
fear
I
break
one
kitchen cup, for
might
Here she stopped to laugh
of these."
it is all the funnier,
merrily. "And
his

has

because

Ariel

time

the floor."

on

Do

hear

that

ing.
wait-

now?

him

I believe
in

he

answers

the

screen

in her eyes.
"

her

out

cup,

between

There

so

living. Aunt

my

come

that's quite true.


is that

me

could

to London

come

"

sorry.

to

earn

Eugenie says I mustn't


to enjoy myself. And
But what reallyworries
well

make

never

was

"But"

"

see, I have

You

it's like this: I

"

friends

her

with

friends; so hadn't
away?"
don't you
like her friends?"
"Why
He looked steadily into the fire. The
calculated to win
quiet question was
I better go

were

much.

The

the other hand

and
the firelight

was

she could not tell him

tell any
one.
little details of

afraid

Aunt

her

words

and

and

of

ideas

frequented this house

the

the ideas of her


and

nuns

Marchesa

friend, the

had

ways

The

repugnance.

all difi'erentfrom

father

could

; she

Evidently, countless

not

Aunt

tears
suspected there were
to
first
went
a
night
They
she

no:

at all in the

out

indignation in the tone.


admitted.
"No," Chesska
please don't mind, don't be

people who

becoming resen-ed, and


miserable; and while

from

her face. He

once,

don't go

you

air, except vdth that dog?"

to

rather

she sipped
a

"And

"

led

wake

won't

been

were

tone

held

Here

the

"

not

because

"

"

thing,
some-

Eugenie."
Kirby began to ask questions. How
been up?
nights had Miss Brown
many
Three!
she
had
but
times
Oh,
slept somein the day, indeed, she had! And
she slepta littleat night too, sittingup.
Then
he asked a few questions about
the rest cure.
her occupations before
had

not sorry

was

well, perhaps the people


she stopped suddenly.

But
"He

feet if I keep him

you

so

She

because

not have

confidence.

is smothering- him

Jenkins

same

Ariel," she said.

to feed

at my

pounces

at the

groaned.

Basil Kirby
"I have

tea

Eugenie would

dances, and she

think I have

colors.
"I

Aunt

of course.

it

feel like

me

MARIA

"

of her

Awfully jolly cake

best cake.

ver"^

keep

to

was

Ariel quiet and out of the way.


has some
I hope Mrs. Jenkins
is.

AVE

THE

134

her

Desti.

holiday
the

But

right way out of the trouble was not by


"I can
complaining, but by going away.
not tell you why I don't like them," she
"but

said,
"

reached

I don't."

"Oh, I don't know

And

barrier

strong

their

here he had
of

reserve.

!" with

names

pleasant
slighttoss of her head rejectingan unsubject. "Aunt Eugenie calls

two

of

them

Grand

Slam

and

Slam, after something in the


cards.
Is it

Do

let us

game

of

talk of something else.

rainy and cold like this

"No:

Little

in Devonshire?"

it is all sunshine."

ferent. He saw
of asking no more
the wisdom
quite difat
questions; so he talked about his cottage
But she could not expect
at
fine large cottage,
Sant' Isolda!
Patchley, a
did
ful
here.
She
not mind
with big rooms.
not beautito have tennis
No, it was
tess
at all. Oh, no, thank you ! It would not
out of repair,and the Coun; it was
be worth
would think it very shabby. The
ing?
while to join a club. Danctremendously
Yes, she was fond of dancing. Bi^t, next country place was

Eugenie's taste and


Oh,

yes,

hers

were

they had

games

"

-i

THE

grand, and made his look


belt
a
luckily,there was
half

wood

between

Then

began

he

the

'

possession that
heart's delight.
I have

"But

'

house,

house

manor

But,

v/orse.

of

meadows

Hall.

the

and

of

mile

that

to

his

was

this

then

and

his hand, drawing


a
way" (he moved
the outside
"And
diagram in the air)
with
black beams
Js timbered
going
in
the plaster; and I
aslant, you know,
.

got leaded diamond

The

put in.

panes

"I

lan.

wonder

lid,with

sparkle

man!

girl

"

if she

care

to

was

bring

"dozen Ariels."

Basil.

"It

the

Shakespeare
Pom

Pom.

"He

after

ran

all the way

said Chesska.

"The

the

downstairs,"

doctor

said he

was

perfect pest."
Basil.

perfect in

"And

heart

on

how

the Countess

that

fretful

little

"She

is very

"A

heart!

late Count

too," put in Chesska.

heart

nice sometimes."
Of

must

pretty badly.

course,

have
And

child; but

knocked
she

is most

the

it about

bird.

Your

Chesska

standing.

was

in

lady

the

splendor

of

new

finery.
"We

conspirators," said Basil.


I w"as
at the right moment.

were

"You

came

the honor

me

of

if you

visitingmy

He

had

here

of

sweet

to

a diplomatist,but
quite past.
you!" the Countess

not

was

"Miss

Brown

put

dear

come,

needs

my

Mr.

saved

himself.

Bluebeard

"

Countess, and
linger. "Well, I shall keep

the

man's

tea

new

how

up

to your

do

you

sparkle in

her

lips. "It is

sat
eyes
rare

says

Venetian

observing

"Aunt

sort

Eugenie

gown."

said, with

he

who

man

looks.

blank

Chesska,

the

"

to the rescue,

came

her

means

now

you

claimed
ex-

creation?"

new

Chesska

And

!"

held

the

sir.

"A

said hastily.The
putting in order.

some

Bluebeard,

promise,

I'll

Basil."

instantly

"Ah,

week

whole

things in order.

little later, then," he

siderate."a
incon-

do

the tact of

the crisis

as

would

littlehouse

Patchely."

at

"Superb!"
a

difference in

beast, not

'delicate Ariel.'

says

were

haired

beast!"
"She has

giving her cushioned chair to the silver-

way,"

some

Ariel

my

is all nerves."

Both

like the

"It's well to be

has set her

all the

he is

old place wanted

doctor's ankles

laughed

makes

the v/orld. And

They exchanged unflattering remarks


about

you,

!" exclaimed
'Fretful,'not 'frightful'

Basil

'I don't

pointment,"
ap-

I heard

called

You

an

upon

"But

frightful beast."

res.

cruel

you

"How

in her

of mischief

intrude

to

sorry

am

said.

Ariel," the

bring

dress.

new

be

could

Cavaletti

Eugenie

once.

Chesska
would

she

guessed

she said.

Countess

the

if I asked her?"
would

"She

would

at

arrived

Paris.

just asking Miss Brown

barbariwere
people there before me
barn."
used
that
ins.
as
place
a
They
"I'd love to see it," sighed Chesska.
He
impulsive
an
paused. He was

)ringyou

cured

"I

*atchley Cottage, beyond the garden


md a sort of courtyard, there is this
when
I
wonderful
old
place; and
off the
walls
scraped the whitewash
inside, I found the most
perfect oak
staircase
There
is
a
going
/panelling.
way,

have

to

Barn.

the

from

pagne-color"
"cham-

new

that

rest-gown

not resist

call

in th6

Countess

morning

scribeought
de-

"

that

stood the
that

that's the place. The


Behind
Hall is only gimcrack modern.

and

135

and
him

That's the thing,

that way

MARIA

real old Tudor

"

we

AVE

glance at

demurely, with- a
and a quiver on her

tint that velvet.


in the
of

opera,

But,

there

is

color, like cold

"

gravy

heavy sigh behind

them.

There

"

"Don't

say

that, Mr.

Basil!"

The

AVE

THE

137

almost

big enough to stand for a


hat.
eighty of them crowded the
Epistle side of the chapel.
bow

And

here

of

The

how

is stillcalled the

church
most

remember

we

the

is

the Catholic

"chapel"

in

parts of Ireland.

country

remnant

of

the days
building belonging to the
the "church," sacred
State religionwas
of the aristocracy planted
to the use
in from
and
England, and the parson
the parson's wife.
the
So this was
chapeUand
on
Sundays',the people not
only filledit,but knelt in "the yard" in
name

when

the

great crowd

This

outside

reminds

the

doors.

open

that there

always crowding, always


'has purchased for us
the

are

"

dren

About

MARIA

is

crowding,

rewards
is

"

of eternal blessedness.'

plenty of

Children,

their

I to

should

How

this?

(with

You

the

places before

Maggie"

Oh,

"

now!

with

on

'the

"

vice
ser-

of

rap

glance into the distance)


laughing! Stop that!" Then

the book

he

get

be in your

begins.

"you

up

I?

was

blessedness.'

coming in

more

am

crushing

Where

eternal

of

are

ever

bench.

another, and then they can't

prayers.

rewards
there

always

are

against one
say

There

"

in that third

room

and

on

again

are

goes

"the

to

rewards

of

a
itive
prim;
quently kneel apart, and they all get to the end
yard, frein Ireland.
of the
to be seen
On an
which, to the great
prayers
honor
of the holy priest and his schoolerection of wooden
teachers,
beams, the immense
follow
bronze
bell is mounted, and the "clerk"
know
and
fully
wonderthey
well.
out and tugs the bell-ropewith a
comes
for some
minutes
Then
heave of both arms
he explains that they are all to
He
next
before Mass.
peats
recome
day to confession.
in without any
that they are
to be in church
The children had come
a
the
hour
of
and
before
the
"and
bell;
time,
parish priest arrived, quarter
an
in hand,
hour
book
a quarter of an
lithe,quick figure, that does not mean
a
He
sternness
sary
neces'.with grey hair and shiny cassock.
after." There is some
with the lambs
had
tremendous
the subject of
on
straight black eyebrows,
us

in

arrangement

blessedness"

eternal

and

the

crov*'d

the

"

"

and

"in the keen


^

was

the
[with
on
[them

la very

this

not

was

confession.

It

business, and

[chin

set

[thealtar

rails and

He
resolutely.

serious

to be

his stroiig

stood

capacity of
little Irish

bench

within

girls.

The

prayed facing them, book


the

answers

came

voices. The

limit to the

to hold

in

crush

parish

of

priest

in hand, and

volleys of

litanyalternated

with

crowd.

hearts

that

the

have

to

the
as

every

ever"-

member'

of his

give

most

to

the right way

sharp

it

was

on

future

beautiful

to get ready

forgiveness and

purchased.
thoughts drift
of

up,

knows

who

instruction

divine

you

(Sensation.)

out."

come

flock,begins
receive

hear

to each. So don't make

priest,

he knows

don't

do that, I'll come

myself: I'll divide

number

same

child

If you

way.

sort you

Then

to

Chil-

will
two

"

One's

children, don't

of the

"

young

orders :

"Now,

if any

fluttering.

that the lambs still you


was
difficulty
and
where
and
in;
one
-coming
cept
found
the
and
'squeezed,"
a
place, half a
in after genudozen packed themselves
flecting. me
no

wonders

one

are

the big ribbon bows,

"Eighty of you
he
come,"
"eighty, at
says,
There's
o'clock, perhaps more.
and myself. Now,
other Father
can't
all go to the other priest.We

faced the lambs.

seemed

faces

There

nonsense.

no

under

and
are

The

There

is the sort of father

to pray

going

was

the

He

will stand

that

instruct

going

was

of his flock and

lambs

serious

was

he

light of humor

But

eyes.

[timefor joking:

mination. getting in time.


deter-

that betokened

chin

There

off to the

years.

Where

how

bilities
possiare

THE

138

AVE

MARIA

had "his flock in the grandest control."


going-,before life ends?
The union between
the Irish priest
It is too much to hope they will all stay
in holy Ireland.
America, Australia, and his people is,of course, wonderfully

these children

with its

Africa, London

South

for

name

money-getting and its poisoned


of the new
paganism, where are
these girls going? One looks at the rows
phere
atmos-

"

heads,

of

the

"

little fair

the

ones,

sturdy and ruddy, and the dark and


curly. Not one of them is moving now ;
they are all listening. What is all other
compared with this
schooling worth
great, true, tender

lesson

subject that niatters


the forgiveness of God
far off in years
such

to

one

of these

will think

come

the

as

gone

times

keenly than the outrages


against priestand altar. Some perhaps
will say, "But have such things really
is.Yes, far too
happened ?" The answer
has
been
often; but truth
officially
have
the
and
suppressed,
newspapers
not printed the facts.
have

We

the murder

"I've

says.

seen

by

twice

over

up,

was

all go home
The

and

their

will allhave

heard, and

will

you

happy."

fresh

voices of the children

rose

at Benediction,
faultlesslyin tune
These
gent
were
a continsweetly,heartily.
"

of the future
and

the
the

on

Faith

from

of

women

of Ireland

women

another, humbly

one

Ireland;

handing
generation to
are

unconscious

of their

great vocation.
The

Old- World

parish priestis stillto

be found, though the type is becoming


rare.

no

Going out,

we

found

evidence

of

his livelywit and his homely union with


his people. As to the children, "One
has to keep hammering

them," he said
playfully. One felt that the stern ways
concealed a heart of gold and a quaint
doubt
he
humor, and there was
no

means

years,

the

say

"

that

Griffin.

going
under-

were

for

one

for five. And

means

in
tyrdom?
mar-

the only priestwho

sentences,

another

scenes

Michael

He

to make

and then you

confessions

may

Father

suffered persecution.Some

come
thanksgiving properly. So now
in good time to-morrow;
and don't go
running to the other priest,but divide

yourselves

we

these,

"

children back

the last

to his

hardly
finish it before you
were
making it
again ahd then up and running out.
Yes, I have ; and I've brought the same

your

or

of

"

of you

some

the Sign of the Cross

make

watched
"

long

after,"he

there is

felt in these

more

of

don't be running out the minute

And

that they have

wrong

no

reward.
"And

of the clear and

vivid faith of the nation.

receive

to

Some

instructions
homely
parish priest is

when

the

on

how

"

close. It is the outcome

anointed

two

penal

vitude
ser-

hands

are

quarrying rock, or breaking stone, or


roads
condemned
making
among
of
malefactors.
One
priestwas
"gangs"
nearly beaten to death outside his presbytery.
Yet
of
another, a Franciscan
the Friars
Minor, was,
fortunately,
from

away

and

Tan

his

own

ascended

roof when

Black

the house

by staples
driven into the wall outside,and stepped
in at the upper
window, seeking his
prisoner.
What happened to arrested priestswe
of Fathers
judge from the case
may
McKenna
and Gaynor at a court-martial
in
in County Claire, April, 1921.
On
sulted,
inthe day of their arrest both were
the troops using vile language
and calling them
murderers.
(Surely
this was
not the right process
of law
at any

man's

arrest.) Father

struck by

McKenna

military officer with a


riflebutt. Both priestswere
taken in a
lorry to a neighboring town, and shown
the body of a constable,whom
they were
wards
afteraccused of murdering. They were
was

let go,

and

several miles from

later arrested again, the


procedure proving the reign of
"

home,
whole
abuse

THE
and

lynch-law, instead of legal


later, the
Nearly two months
of

martial

the

place, with

court-

of

Ireland

"

charge

people of Ireland
some
imprisoned, and
in

which

upon

the

thousands

fear

possession of "seditious

could

of

most

have

been

hundreds

of

England.

^the

common

reckless

of

excuse

have

times

of

hundred

habit of St. Francis

true

to

tried in vain

Whatever

the

failed.

old

wearer

in

questions

his

Dublin

to get information.

officer

The

watch

had

great tradition when

Castle

of

in the

martyrs

ties
communipersecution. Whole
their
The
cords.
hanged by

were

brown

Trie Franciscans

the glorious record

hand,

they

were,

with

sat

his

telling now

and

again the nearing of doom ; and the son


of St. Francis
spoke no word against his
brethren.

The

hour

another

plan

ended

it had

as

begun.

men.

Dublin

at

scene

methods

the

prisoners

will

Lord

The
the

Dominic,
of

Mayor

Cork;

(both Capuchins). At first they were


left together. Students
of the penal
have
read
of
days in England, who
Father

Tower

in the

Garnett

of

which

don,
Lon-

to

seems

tried,

was

belong

it

in

criminal

any

and

elaborate

staged,
the

trickery.
above.

below

The

made

was

to

no

State.

An

pretended

or

room

bygoie
parallelfor

some

of

procedure

civilized

pLiu

"

to

of barbarity ; there is

age

modern

Franciscan

Albert, another

Then

trate
illus-

militarism.

Father

of the

Father

Castle

of

were

confessor
and

in his heart.

three

some

erature"
lit-

all
Lastly, we
remember
the
Canon
shooting of
Magner, in daylight,at the roadside,by
could only
uniformed
drunkard, who
a
he
in
ium,
state of delirwas
a
plead that
"

139

no

different charge,

very

of the

that

MARIA

order.

priests took

two

same

AVE

It

was

execution
take

to

was

place, in

priestin
infer

the

room

that he

was

listeningto the fate of the priest from


suspicionof the
whom
he had
allowed to the two priestsin being
parted. A volley was
grace
left for a short time together. Then
the fall of a
heard, and with it came
Father
the
floor
the prisoners were
Then
overhead.
body
on
heavy
separated.
terrogation.
it was
Albert was
pointed out to the prisoner that
subjected to a very long inwill have

their

own

his

friend

of

now

people. It was
exactly the sort
of questioning that was
carried on in
prisons used as adjuncts to the court

he

information.

Torture

in the sixteenth

this

anything

They wanted

the

names

certain

is obsolete

century

is not wanting.

refused

the

He

told

he

rope

was

was

shot;

and

an

would
too

be

for that hour

he

was

hanged

good

be shot.

to meditate

hour

on

him:

for

But

or

he
his

to stand

littledoubt

Capuchin, of
powerful build,

what

knotted

cord.

be called

that

next

to

required

failed, and
"

else than

can
tal
men-

torture?
this present time

At

ing
of writing, durAlbert

is free,

the

truce, Father

but

with

i)roken health, keeping out of

the

way

of

evil hands

the

was

end,

Dominic,

for

There

great
turned
can

be

the occupation of
that silent figure with the brown
habit
and

he

his life another

with

and

gone;

having

that

time.

"seditious

might
Father
ture"
litera-

possession, and for such


man
might consider
any
himself
safe in writing in a private
letter, is undergoing five years' hard
his

in

patriotism as

bearded

height and
patiently to the wall.

go,

was

assuredly be the
did
not
give the

not spare

his face to the wall.


The

if

demanded.

information

probably he would
given

if the rack

days, another form


The prisoner

in these

of torture

; and

would

was

Certainly there

was

'

labor
As

as
a

criminal.

general rule, it takes the bitter

anti-Catholic

the altar

tack
spiritof Orangeism to atwell
the
One
as
as
priest.

AVE

THE

140

Sunday in May, 1921, a uniformed man,


belonging to the Ulster "special" constabulaiy, appeared in the church of St.
Patrick, at Claudy, in County Derry.
time
some
It is probable that it was
absent, and
after Mass: the priest was
church

the

had remained

who

women

except for

empty

was

to pray.

by

it into the

from

came

Linked

Lives.

LEGEND

WHEN

OF

BRITTANY.

northeast

the

across

wind
of

Bay

strange things may

The

got in

"special"Ulster constable had


the "sacristy,and

some

MARIA

St.

sometimes

between-

Mount

blows

Malo,
be discovered

Sant-Mikeal

and the Isles of Chausey. Whole


have Jjeencovered by the waves:

villages
Tom-

cended
aspipe, he
Sant-Stevan, Sant-Loeiz, Mauny,
men,
olic
the altar steps, and, as the Cathothers. The ruins of
Epiniak, and many
went
"he
official repoi-t says,
these submerged hamlets lie in the sand,
of the
celebration
through a mock
v/ith fragments of wrecks, and great
the
nacle
taber"searched
and
then
Mass,"
trunks of the forest of Scissy.
for the Sacred Host."
A pitilessstrife has raged for centuries
of atrocityis not conBut this form
between
the ocean
and the poor

Smoking

church.

fmed

the

to

done

And

martial

of

which

was

long

not

ago

near

report of the courttwo


priests in Clare,

in the
the

before, it is

mentioned

have

we

the

report of violence

altar

the

to

Dublin.

districts of

Orange

There

North.

the day of the arrest


the military"forced open the tabernacle
on

record that

in the church

on

at

Mullagh and committed

land

Brittany. The

of

sleeps peacefully now


battle.

It is not

conquering
the

on

tradition

sea

field of

only which

has

of those
preserved the mempiy
deadly combats.
Family and monastic
of
records,town archives,dusty papers

notaries,

all

authentic

titles to

"

contain

those submerged

number

those

of

lost estates,

cornfields.

And
doubt
no
frightful desecration."
All along the coast from
Granville to
it vv^as in the struggle to avert sacrilege Cape Frehel, near
St. Malo, this conquering
himself
that the devoted priest found
fertile
has covered the once
sea

the rifle butt of the

with

struck

officer.

fields with
a

rock

barren

sand. Here

raises its black

continued.)

be

(To

manding
com-

This

waves.

may

head

and there
above

the

its ancient

preserve

of fief,of castle,or of village; for


the earth has bones, and even
tain
a mounname

Grail

The

Seekers.

leaves

'Their
The
But

eyes

beauty
those

desert

The

May

find

see

never

may
of

Grail,

the

who

"

fail.

of earth

ways
no

and

tiy

shining goal;

profound

stormy mountain

The
In
If

peace

of soul.

paths

pain and longing trod.

bravely climbed,
Go

it a skeleton of stone.

took to conquer
this
tell. The
land none
strife began
can
before the Christian era.
It is known
sea

that Druidical woods

stretched for eight

miles' beyond the present coast


or
line. Later, the forest of Scissy planted
ten

But, bravely walked, they reach


A

behind

long the

How

remains

recompense

For

PEACH.

WALLACE

ARTHUR

BY

glimmering

up

at

to

last

God.

its vanguard

oaks

the

on

of

rocks

Chausey.
At

that time

river, which
cellin

Ptolemy and

confounded

proud river it
Selune'

the Couesnon

and

with
was,

lord

of

was

Amien

the

big-^

Mai

Seine.

sovereign of the^
the

See, whicl

brought to it the tribute of their watei

THE

AVE

MARIA

141

ward

Amel
beyond the hills of
indeed, a youth both of
was,
form
an
Chausey, which now
might and valor. But before he had set
ago
archipelout to await the wolf, it should be said,
date, its course
; and, at that remote
the
Amel
of
Mount
had hung in the villagechurch of
right
was
Sant-Mikeal,
by
the
coast
It
of
Cotantin.
was
along
Sant-Vinol,under the niche from which
this
the
that
Couesnon
Our Lady smiled, a distaff of fine linen,
long after
Thereafter
it
itself.
doubled
prepared hy the fair hands of Penhor.
upon
flowed to the left of the Mount, thus
rich.
Our
Lady of Sant-Vinol was
it
from
it
to
Year
after year offeringswere
taking
Brittany to give
placed at
The Breton legend of the
her feet: gold,silver and jewels,besides
Normandy.
Great Flood
the Deluge, as it is called
gifts of linen, of sheaves of corn, of
in Armorica
which
about
that
fair
brought
ripe fruits.
thus:
Amel
and Penhor
lived in joy, for
severance
runs
and they loved.
One
Penhor, thfe daughter of Bud, was the
they were
young
wife of Amel, who tended the flocks of
shadow, however, dusked their sunshine
This
Annan.
lord
at times.
That they had no children:
great seigneur was
and
count
of Cheze, beyond Menezthis was
their one
regret. Thus it was
It flowed

ocean

"

"

His

Trombelene.

midst

of

tribute when
One

Vinol, and

men

war.

his flocks.

that Amel

and

eighteen years old, Amel


almost twenty-five. Their parents
dead, and they loved each other
The
the great love of orphans.

was
were

with
woman

was

beautiful

as

Her

spring.

around

In

those

days

which

as

Amel

his limbs

sunbeam

v/ere

there

was

to

the

tall and

supple.
were
striped

bigger than foals six


months
old.
They killed horses, and
drank the blood of sleeping cattle; and
they disdained to flee at the approach of
It

man.

were

said

was

of them

that

an

row
ar-

could not pierce their skin ; that if


it snapped in the
struck by a spear,
hand.

Nevertheless, Amel

to cope

with

that, one
wolf

this terror.

Winter

of Cheze

night,when

Thus

it

was

the striped

left the forest in search

food, the brave youth crouched


the plain to intercept him.
wolf
in

end

with

was
a

this: Amel

stunned

arms,

and

strangled

upon

it.

what

herself,
would

said to himself:

he

"Penhor,

wife," said

my

So in due time Penhor

veil for the

delicate

more

August

white

of God ;
snow,

as

of

the mist

than

an

evening.
of God

Mother

The

Holy Mother

veil it was,

beautiful

and

one

be given to us."
wove

Amel

veil for the Holy Mary,


of God, and perhaps a child will

"weave

Mother

of

happiness

what

joy,

me

be mine!"

day,

well pleased.

was

child, and they


tenderly as
loved each other all the more
and

Amel

they bent
The
Amel

stone,-then seized the animal

his strong

day when the


her:
"Ah, Holy

one

"Ah, Blessed Mother, if Penhor gave


beautiful child, the living image
a

on

the

guarded

only I had a bfeautiful child


on
knee, the living image of his
my
father, then, true, it would be with a
singing at my heart I could await each
As for
day the home-coming of Amel."

set himself

of

The

was

Amel

if

Amel, this is what

mantle

pierced

eyes

depths of the heart.

wolves

as

fell

hair

her

her;

strong, and

weariness

Mother,

w^as

while

home

said to herself

She

she remained

sad when

was

in her

alone

called Sant-

was

here

was

to

that Penhor

paid

dwelt.

Penhor

in

villages

it

in- the

stood

he sent out his

of these

Penhor

castle

villages, which

seven

Penhor

its cradle.

over

child

had

nine

was

took the

days old, when

cradle in his arms,

and

carried the infant to the priest.After


lifted the cradle
the baptism, Penhor
so

and

bore

it round

the

church

to

the

THE

142

AVE

MARIA

altar of the Virgin. "Mary, 0 Holy


Mary!" said she, kneeling before the

stayed.

the

with

If I

is well."

die,and

With
his

saved, it

are

you

the child it was

Mother

Amel, assenting,cried,"So be it!"

And

Lady's color is the blue of the

Our

it

sky. Therefore
Paol

was

He

blue.

that the child

was

robed

in bright
the fair
with
beautiful,

thenceforth
was

hair of his mother

and the dark eyes

of

Amel, the brave herdsman.


the

Then

man

of

sorrow

tell if it

can

came.

of

because

"

0 Mary ! a night of terror !


of the Couesnon
waters
rose
"

the

rapidly.

wind

The

blew

from

the

northeast, the rain fell in torrents, the


In

earth shook.

plain was

covered

littlewhile the whole


with

water.

bodies of dead animals.


of Sant-Vinol,which
height, the bewildered

Into the church


on

villagerscrowded.
when

Amel

All

and Penhor

save

two:

hastened

Amel

which

fold of

fluttered in the

fierce wind.
It

this

at

was

that

moment

our

Blessed

Mother

left her

of Sant-Vinol

church

As

saw

Paol and the

to

in the

niche

flyheavenward.

ings.
she carried all her offer-

she

she

passed above
the

the yard
graveof little

fair head

fold of pale blue.


fluttering

and said :
she paused in her flight,
him to
I
child
is
mine.
will
bear
"This

Then

God."
about

With that she put


his fair hair.

she

was

But

soft hand

her

the child

was

heavy. One by one the Holy


to relinquishher offerings.

heavy, very
Virgin had
When

morning broke, the people saw


not the Couesnon
that it was
only which
the
it
had overflowed;
was
sea, which
had
destroyed all its barriers, even
self.
those raised by the hand of God HimAnd the flood increased,bearing
its surface uprooted trees and the
on
When

stood

blue frock

No

night

one

his

some

the people of Santgreat sin among


the
but
design of God, that
Vinol, or

when

the fair head of littlePaol, and

In her hands

sorrows

was

mother

in turn

had
as
of God, "to you
Look
child which you have given to us.
whispered to her.
Behold him, that
Still the waters
Soon nothing
rose.
at him, Holy Mother.
him in the day of peril." was
visible above the angry
know
save
waves,
you may
I consecrate

she had

thrown

them

little Paol

she

saw
why
heavy. His mother

all aside

Then

able to raise him.

was

held him

it was

so
very
in her fened
stif-

In his stiffened arms,

arms.

the

upheld the mother.


Our Lady smiled and said: "In truth,t|
they loved one another well." But when -'I
she smiled,the darkness of death went
from them, and they awoke at the gates]
father

of Paradise.

for

thither

The

of fortitude!
who

men

gers
face dan-

according to the judgment of"


in the beginning seem
and they could only remain at the door.
remiss,
reason,
the
The waters rose and rose.
When
because it is riot from passion but with
deliberation that they address themselves
lipsof the flood licked their feet,Amel
took his wife in his arms.
Soon the
to their duty. But in the hour of
said:
reached his waist.
He
waters
danger they meet with no unforeseen Jj
beloved
I
will
wife.
uphold experience, but frequently find the''
"Farewell,
less than they had anticipated
Perhaps the deluge will be stayed. difficulty
you.
;,!||
If I die and you are saved, it is well."
and therefore they hold on their way f |
Still the dark flood more
And thus it was.
steadily. Moreover, it is for the
When
it reached her
of waters rose.
good which in virtue lies that they face
breast,she lifted littlePaol, and said: danger: the will to gain which, good
abides in them, however
"Farewell,my darling child. I will uphold
great the dan*i|
waters
the
will
be
St.
Thomas
Perhaps
you.
Aquinas,
gers prove.
with

their, child the

church

was

full,

""

"

THE

MARIA

AVE

143

St. Agnes was


buried
(304. A. D.)
by her family on their own
property.
Twenty
later, Constantia, the
years
who have been eye-witnesses
daughter of the Emperor Constantine,
of the celebration of the feast of
this spot. At her
was
baptized near
in Rome
St. Agnes
always hve the
request, her father built a basilica over
scene
over
again as her day comes
the burial place of St. Agnes, which
round.
And
have
perhaps those who
left by
to-day stands almost as it was
not had that privilegewill welcome
an
Pope Honorius, who restored it in the
St.

and

Agnes

Lambs.

Her

THOSE

of

account

the

celebration

from

one

who

seventh

has.

Outside
road

the Porta

leads

Agnes.
hoary,

broad, dusty

the

to

away

shrine

"Already the almond


with

not

; the earth

the

Pia,

frost
is

vines; and

but

of St.

trees

are

being loosened round

spring

latent

seems

in

the

swelling buds, which are watching


for the signal from
the southern breeze
to burst and expand.
The atmosphere,
into
cloudless
a
rising
sky, has just that
temperature

that

loves, of

one

sun,

"

softalready vigorous, not heating but ening


the slightlyfrosty air."
So it was
in Cardinal Wiseman's
day.
But
the
now
picture is somewhat
The
shines
same
sun
changed.
The
hills
in
show
festively.
same
up
the distance

the shadowless

Cam-

as

Christian

it has

Rome,

place of pilgrimage

of the oldest and

one

interesting

in

monuments

been

ever

most

attraction

an

to

the world.

soms
blos-

with

As

century.

and

The

to the

way

court, has

entrance
out

church, through
to be made

"

blind, the lame, and


who

stand

"

lie in

or

in and

beggars ^the
the aged poor,
one's path; and
of children, who

numerous

among

the

then

through groups
are
looking earnestly at a temporary
display of pictures of the saint,and toy
lambs, the souvenirs of the day's feast.
is thought to have
One Ambrose,
who
in the sixth

written

pretty story, which

century, has left


may

association

common

the lamb,

in Carlo

as

for the

account

of St. Agnes

and

Dolci's beautiful

change in the
povv'er of the child-martyr'sappeal ; and
children
to-day,as formerly, the Roman

picture of the saint.


"It came
to pass that, as the parents
of blessed Agnes were
spending the
night at her tomb, suddenly in the dead
silence a bright light shone forth, and
of virgins passing,
an
they saw
array
all robed in cloth of gold; and among
also most blessed Agnes,
them they saw
robed like the rest, and at her right

make

long procession to her tomb,

hand

tomb

of their

across

But

pagna.

the

noise. of heavy tram-

the hoot of automobiles, the new,


buildings lining the road

cars,

white-faced
where

give

once

made

trees

changed look

And

yet there

these

shade,

"

to the old road.

is

no

favorite

saint.

"

This

the

is,

stood

there

whiter

lamb

parents' wonder

Her

snow.

than
thus

was

indeed,the children's day. And as one


answered
by their martyred daughter:
tended, 'Do not grieve for me
unatthem, making their way
passes
joice
dead, but reas
more
usually
guided
by
the
I
have
or,
and be glad ; for
gained
some

Sister,

anew

of

one

"little Agnes"

lambs."

them

hears

and

It is Innocence

of innocence.

One

telling

her

before

me,

ingly
lov-

heaven

whom

speaking
can

not repress

earth.'

on

the prayer:

The

St.

Agnes, holy child, all purity,

Oh,

may

"

they,undefiled,be

pure

as

of

mansions

"little

thee !

am

these

united

I loved with

She

then

church, which

level with

by

light, as
and

have
to

done

Him

all my

in

soul

disappeared."
is constructed

on

the saint's tomb, is reached

descent of

more

than

forty marbl"

AVE

THE

MARIA

145

found when
baptized, was
other friends had departed, praying at

they

received

into

The
armed
sister's grave.
pagans
her
who found her thus, sought from

Church,

because

though

not

her

refusal

the

Of

denial

God.

Christian

for her the martyr's

Her

not

can

"go

to Rome,"

over

the

(Roman)

Catholic

they are
Catholic
priests

(Roman)

Catholic

(Roman)

Church.

to call this

be

or

already
in
It

the
is

of

absurdity and
It was
as
yet only midday, but it to proceed to laugh it out of court ; but,
in view
of the fact that this theory is
seemed
better to continue on the road
from
Rome, lest its attractions
ber
tenaciouslyheld by an increasing numaway
should crowd
of Anglican clergy and laity,it is
out, or at least dull, the
keen
of the morning's spiritual far better calmly to study the "viewpoint"
sense
of
hills,
Within
of
the
these
men.
sight
experience.
They hold, in the
seemed
which
first place, that everything which, acthat
moment
at
so
cording
to their views, is wrong
with
friendly,one could rest and forget the
the Church
of England is due to the
"old, unhappy, far-off things" in the
the
and
of
this
Church
State.
The
of England, it is
near
new
joy,
memory
ments
joy at having worshipped with children
accepted the encroachurged, has never
of the civil power.
If pressed,
at the shrine of Innocence
personified
in St. Agnes, virgin and martyr.
they will modify this statement
by saying
won

crown.

course

easy

an

"

Visitor.

that

the

Church

has

tarily
volun-

never

accepted these encroachments.


the Church

Light on

of

Acting

England.

these

on

Common
BY

CLERGYr.IAX.

CONVERT

views, the Book

of

is

Prayer
deliberatelyput on
used, it is
side; and if it is ever
regarded merely as a concession, temporarily

one

Ritualistic church

WELL-KNOWN

recently achieved
in
the
public press, owing to
notoriety
has
the correspondence which
passed
between

The

London.

member

Protestant

and

made, to the "Protestants"

has

London

in

of

liament
Par-

Anglican Bishop

the

at this church

"Mass"

its interior

said in Latin, and

congregation. Instead of recitingmornii^g and evening prayer


daily from the
Bock of Common
Prayer, they recite the

of

Divine

is

Romanum

tions
decora-

in the

Office
; and

it, is said from

from

the

Breviarum

the "Mass,"
the Roman

they

call

Missal.

If

as

English is used for this latter service, it


Catholic
Continental
resemble
a
is
generally used "under protest."
church.
Further, it is claimed that the Church
One is tempted to ask the question,"Is
of
England has never
formally rejected
The
of England honest?"
the Church
bility
the
Supremacy.
Papal
Papal Infalli"ordinaryAnglican layman in England
is
believed
and
the
Pope's Bull
in,
is
if his parson
mind
not much
oes
on
Anglican Orders is not regarded as
igh.Low or Broad, so long as he is "a
ered
ant

he

sort"; but

ood

he

when

finds "Romanism

stag--

is

in

to-day a body of

the
men,

(Roman)

Church
Catholic

of

infallible utterance; in consequence

ram-

they retain their belief in the

validityof their

Anglican

Church

that they

are

clergj^and laity, they rule

hold the following views

all, the

an

of which

in the Establishment."

There

who

is somewhat

England
Church;

First

is

of

Rome

as

that

the

secondly,

of England
the clergy of the Church
Catholic priests; therefore
are
(Roman)

out
an

"

own

Roman

Orders.

Holding

Catholics already,

individual

secession

impossibility;they
for the time being,

to

nize
recog-

at

any

of the
corporate
question; and, therefore, they take the
rate

"

reunion

is out

line that the only thing to do is to "carry

THE

146

AVE

MARIA

time, presumably, when

active,though secret, support to these


The
men.
Dean
and Chapter of St.
Paul, on the plea of "Continuity," apadopts the position which
point
convinced that
them
selves now
hold. I am
to certain livings in their
to the "man
from the Crown
this "position"is not known
gift. Preferment
or
the Lord Chancellor occasionallycomes
much
in the street"; indeed, I very
their way.
The
"Liberal"
doubt if the Archbishop of Canterbury
Bishop of
is cognizant of it;and I imagine that it
visits their churches, beBirmingham
stows
to
of
in
nature
canonries
the
a
will be
their members,
surprise
upon
himself.
and allows numerous
Cardinal Bourne
"Roman"
practices
Can anything be said for the position to take place in his diocese.
I think the
Can it be wondered
taken up by these men?
that Free Churchmen
is
is
and
that
it
before
more
Reunion
come
belogical
that,
urge
can
only thing
honest than the views held and the
these men
should
more
practicalpolitics,
the bosom
practicesadopted by the vast majority be sent to their true home
of Papalism?
The "man
of the "Anglo-Catholic" party, who,
in the street,"
if he does not approve,
even
while repudiating the claim to be Roman
can
preciate
apthe clearly-defined
generally protesting
Catholic, and
principleof
the Catholic Church, and grant her freepolate
dom
yet interagainst Papal Infallibility,
to propagate her doctrines in her
from the Roman
Missal, largely
the
but it would be surprising if
ceremonial; make
own
way;
adopt Roman
he felt anything but good-humored dismon
Service of the Book of ComCommunion
regard,
or
something stronger, for those
Prayer as nearly like the Mass as
whom
he looks upon
it in France, Italy or
neither fish,
as
they have seen
fowl
sion
confessacramental
red
To
nor
the Catholic,
good
herring.
Belgium; preach
sary
I imagine, the "Anglo-Catholic"
of obligation;have public Roas
until such

on"

in

everyone

the

England
they them-,

of

Church

"

devotions; teach the invocation of


in their
saints; "reserve the Sacrament"
churches ; teach their people to adore it ;
and
generally invent substitutes for
Catholic devotions.
This

latter party is even


would
numbers

its

than

stronger
indicate

"

are
growing
although their numbers
of the
fast, and is able, by means
the
browbeat
to
Church
Union,
English
Anglican episcopate.
It is extraordinary that Protestants,
"

whether

in the

Established

Church

or

Church, can have any part


those
with
lot
belonging to either of
or
these parties; and yet it is an undeniable
in the Free

churchmen
fact that many
to value the name

who

are

posed
sup-

of Protestant

The
decidedly friendly to them.
while
desiring
Bishop of Chelmsford,
pleads
reunion with Free Churchmen,
for more
than toleration for the "AngloCatholic." The Bishop of London
gives
are

party would
As

seem

if its whole

Were

endless

vocation

imitation.

It may

be urged that it is merely a


feeding ground to Catholicism; but
against this must be set the fact that it
from seeking admission
keeps back hundreds
into the Catholic Church.
members

of

Those

the

Anglican Episcopate
who might be willingto persecute these
doubtless deterred by many
men
are
the
reasons
:
danger of making them appear
martyrs under persecution,and the
knowledge that it would be invidious to
single out advanced
High Churchmen
for punishment, when
Broad
advanced
Churchmen
openly deny the Divinity of
Christ, the Virgin Birth, the Creeds
'

and

the miraculous.

that,

long

so

lasts,the
Church

answer

as

is certain is

present situation

to the

of England

the negative,

What

the

question "Is the

honest?"

will be in

THE

Our

Blessed
THEMother

she

This

truth

from
not

truly

as

is the
is

to form

our

Mother

of

that

it

explicitidea of
importance. Unwittingly enunciating
the grandest truth
of Christian
faith,
the Catholic claims Mary
Mother.
as
Just
as
unconsciously denying that
the
non-Catholic
claims Christ
dogma,
as
Brother, but not Mary as Mother;
and, in not recognizing her in reality,
rejects Him. There can not be a practical
s

easy

an

its

acceptance of the fraternal tie which


binds
a

Christ to us, without


undoubting recognition of

ready and

His

Mother's

maternal

likewise.

us

Non-Catholics

Incarnation

"Now

the

and

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