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C.M.S.

CITATION GUIDE FOR HUMANITIES SUBJECTS

Here is a guide to citing your sources according to the Chicago Manual of Style. For
each text type covered below, the first example is of a bibliography entry; the second
is an example of a footnote entry. Please notice the differences. Although this list
gives examples of most text types you will use, there are others available. For further
info, see the C.M.S. Online:

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

Your Bibliography

• The bibliography must be on a separate page at the end of your paper.


• It must be labelled “Bibliography”, centrally at the top of the page.
• You must list items in alphabetical order.
• Do not number items in your bibliography.
• Follow the style presented for each text type, using the relevant info for your
texts.
• Leave a space between entries.
• If the bibliography citation is longer than one line, indent the additional lines by
one tab space.

Your Footnotes
• Each time you use a source, create a footnote at the bottom of the page.

• ONLY use the full footnote entry style given below the first time you refer to a
particular source. All additional references to the same source need only the
last name of the writer (or the name of the DVD, or website, or blog, etc.) and
the page number or chapter number (for a DVD). e.g. Martin, 86.

• Footnotes can also be used to include information and commentary that is


useful and relevant to the paper, but which would interrupt the flow of your
writing if it were included in the main body of the paper.
Book

One author

B:
Doniger, Wendy. Splitting the Difference. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.

F:
Wendy Doniger, Splitting the Difference (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999), 65.

Two authors

B:
Cowlishaw, Guy, and Robin Dunbar. Primate Conservation Biology. Chicago: University of
Chicago Press, 2000.

F:
Guy Cowlishaw and Robin Dunbar, Primate Conservation Biology (Chicago: University of
Chicago Press, 2000), 104–7.

Editor, translator, or compiler instead of author

B:
Lattimore, Richmond, trans. The Iliad of Homer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press,
1951.

F:
Richmond Lattimore, trans., The Iliad of Homer (Chicago: University of Chicago Press,
1951), 91–92.

Chapter or other part of a book

B:
Wiese, Andrew. “‘The House I Live In’: Race, Class, and African American Suburban
Dreams in the Postwar United States.” In The New Suburban History, edited by
Kevin M. Kruse and Thomas J. Sugrue, 99–119. Chicago: University of Chicago
Press, 2006.

F:
Andrew Wiese, “‘The House I Live In’: Race, Class, and African American Suburban Dreams
in the Postwar United States,” in The New Suburban History, ed. Kevin M. Kruse and
Thomas J. Sugrue (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006), 101–2.
Chapter of an edited volume originally published elsewhere (as in primary sources)

B:
Cicero, Quintus Tullius. “Handbook on Canvassing for the Consulship.” In Rome: Late
Republic and Principate, edited by Walter Emil Kaegi Jr. and Peter White. Vol. 2
of University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, edited by John Boyer
and Julius Kirshner, 33–46. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986.
Originally published in Evelyn S. Shuckburgh, trans., The Letters of Cicero, vol.
1 (London: George Bell & Sons, 1908).

F:
Quintus Tullius Cicero. “Handbook on Canvassing for the Consulship,” in Rome: Late
Republic and Principate, ed. Walter Emil Kaegi Jr. and Peter White, vol. 2 of University of
Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, ed. John Boyer and Julius Kirshner (Chicago:
University of Chicago Press, 1986), 35.

Book published electronically

B:
Kurland, Philip B., and Ralph Lerner, eds. The Founders’ Constitution. Chicago: University
of Chicago Press, 1987. http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/.

F:
Philip B. Kurland and Ralph Lerner, eds., The Founders’ Constitution (Chicago: University of
Chicago Press, 1987), http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/ (accessed June 27, 2006).

Journal article

Article in a print journal

B:
Smith, John Maynard. “The Origin of Altruism.” Nature 393 (1998): 639–40.

F:
John Maynard Smith, “The Origin of Altruism,” Nature 393 (1998): 639.

Article in an online journal

B:
Hlatky, Mark A., Derek Boothroyd, Eric Vittinghoff, Penny Sharp, and Mary A. Whooley.
"Quality-of-Life and Depressive Symptoms in Postmenopausal Women after
Receiving Hormone Therapy: Results from the Heart and Estrogen/Progestin
Replacement Study (HERS) Trial." Journal of the American Medical Association
287, no. 5 (February 6, 2002),
http://jama.amaassn.org/issues/v287n5/rfull/joc10108.html#aainfo.
F:
Mark A. Hlatky et al., "Quality-of-Life and Depressive Symptoms in Postmenopausal Women
after Receiving Hormone Therapy: Results from the Heart and Estrogen/Progestin
Replacement Study (HERS) Trial," Journal of the American Medical Association 287, no. 5
(2002), http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/v287n5/rfull/joc10108.html#aainfo.

Popular magazine article

B:
Martin, Steve. “Sports-Interview Shocker.” New Yorker, May 6, 2002.

F:
Steve Martin, “Sports-Interview Shocker,” New Yorker, May 6, 2002, 84.

Newspaper article

B:
Niederkorn, William S. “A Scholar Recants on His ‘Shakespeare’ Discovery.” New York
Times, June 20, 2002, Arts section, Midwest edition.
F:
William S. Niederkorn, “A Scholar Recants on His ‘Shakespeare’ Discovery,” New York
Times, June 20, 2002, Arts section, Midwest edition.

Book review

B:
Gorman, James. “Endangered Species.” Review of The Last American Man, by Elizabeth
Gilbert. New York Times Book Review, June 2, 2002.

F:
James Gorman, “Endangered Species,” review of The Last American Man, by Elizabeth
Gilbert, New York Times Book Review, June 2, 2002, 16.

Web site

B:
Evanston Public Library Board of Trustees. “Evanston Public Library Strategic Plan, 2000–
2010: A Decade of Outreach.” Evanston Public Library.
http://www.epl.org/library/strategic-plan-00.html (accessed June 1, 2005).

F:
Evanston Public Library Board of Trustees, “Evanston Public Library Strategic Plan, 2000–
2010: A Decade of Outreach,” Evanston Public Library, http://www.epl.org/library/strategic-
plan-00.html.
Weblog entry or comment

B:
Becker-Posner Blog, The. http://www.becker-posner-blog.com/.

F:
Peter Pearson, comment on “The New American Dilemma: Illegal Immigration,” The Becker-
Posner Blog, comment posted March 6, 2006, http://www.becker-posner-blog.com/archives/
2006/03/the_new_america.html#c080052 (accessed March 28, 2006).

Film and DVD Content

Citation of films follows the style used for books, with the addition of medium type. A portion
of a video is cited as a chapter of a book, using chapter numbers that are provided if the
medium is DVD, or a description if the medium is VHS. Additional material that is included on
a DVD is cited as a chapter.

Entire film

Plan 9 From Outer Space, DVD. Directed by Edward D. Wood, Jr. 1959, Chatsworth, CA:
Image Entertainment, 2000.

Portion of a film
"Chapter 18." Gone With the Wind, DVD. Directed by David O. Selznick. 1939, Burbank, CA:
Time Warner, 1999.