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Q1:

1) a<b because for a phase lead network, this condition gives us one pole and
one zero (in the given transfer function) and both are real and phase would
be positive always. If a>b then system will be a lag network and no longer
remain lead.
2) P>q because if p<q, the controller will become phase lead and have positive
phase.
Q2:
Phase lead compensator is a controller and used to control the transient response of
the system. And for the ideal system, the rise time should approach 0 and
%overshoot should approach 0%. Hence both of them should decrease.
Q3:
For a transfer function:

s
+1
z
G ( s )=
.(a)
s
+1
p
max= z p

rad
(i)
s

( max p)degrees .( ii)

1
tan max
1
max =
tan
z
Converting given transfer function in the form of G(s) as given above:

s
s
Gc ( s ) =( +1)/( + 1)
2
20
Comparing G(s) and

Gc ( s )

we get:

z=2
p =20
Putting these values in (i) we get:

max=6.324

rad
s

max =54.903 degrees


So, our solution is

54.903o at 6.324

rad
s

Thus option (D), none of the above.


Q4:
Writing given transfer in the form of eq. (a)

s
25
Gc ( s ) =
. (b)
s
1+
100

10 1+

Comparing eq. (a) with eq. (b)

z=25
p =100
Putting these values in eq. (i)

max=50

rad
s

Which is option (A) in given question


Q5:
For a lead compensator having transfer function

Gc ( s ) =

( s +a )
(s +b)

The condition for phase lead compensator is:


a<b, it means the zero should be very closer to origin
1) Option A is wrong it is not much closer than C
2) Option B is wrong as it is showing a pole, not zero
3) Option D is wrong because it lies in right half plane and will not make the
system stable because it is itself unstable.
4) So, C is the correct answer. It is much closer to zero and lies in R.H.P

Q6:
1) If = 0, the transfer function will take the form

1/(1+TS)

which is not a lag

compensator
2) Since given transfer function is:

1
1
( S+ )
(
)
T
T
ST +1
=
=
.
ST +1
1
1
S+
T ( S+ )
T
T
T S+

Let a = 1/ T and b = 1/T and


a>b (required condition of phase lag) if and only if lies between 0 and 1.
3) If is exactly equal to 1 then no transfer function exists
4) If is greater than 1, the transfer function represents a phase lead
compensator
So, correct answer is B.

Q7:

In a phase lead compensator, the phase angle is actually raised for higher
frequencies. At the same time, the gain cross over frequency is increased in
magnitude. This increase in gain cross over frequency increases the bandwidth.
Thus for bandwidth to increase, the natural frequency also increases.
Q8:
The correct answer is A because, in options B & C, no capacitor and inductor is
present and they cannot act as either lag or lead compensators because resistor is
linear device. Option D is wrong because that is phase lag compensator.
Q9:
The solution is attached in the pictures folder with the name 9. You can zoom in to
make it clear. I have solved options A and B and found the option B is correct
answer. Similarly, solving for C & D we can find that they are not lead
compensators.
Q10:

The phase lead compensator is used to improve the transient response of the
system. Using phase lag or gain compensator in order to improve transient
response will not be effective since lead compensator reduce %overshoot, increases
bandwidth and phase margins.
Q11:
1) Lead compensator increases the bandwidth by increasing the gain crossover
frequency. So that it increase the margins of stability and makes the system
more stable as compared to other compensators.
2) It speeds up or improves the transient response because zeros of the system
are compelled to move near the origin.
Q12:
The solution is attached in the pictures folder with the name 12. You can zoom
in to make it clear. I have found that option B is the correct answer.

Q13:
The solution is attached in the pictures folder with the name 13. You can zoom
in to make it clear. I have found that option A is correct answer.

Q14:
1) If the system were open loop, then it could not be controlled. But in our case,
the given system is closed and can be controlled via feedback path
2) It is observable because it has transfer function of second order and can be
easily available.
Q15:
By finding transfer function of each of the given state space models form option A
to D, we find that only the transfer function of option D is exactly equal to that of
eq. (i) given in picture 15 in the pictures folder. So, D is correct answer.
Q16:
The solution is attached in the pictures folder with the name 16. You can zoom
in to make it clear. I found that option B is correct answer.
Q17:
The solution is attached in the pictures folder with the name 17. You can zoom in
to make it clear. I have found that option A is correct answer.
Q18:

The solution is attached in the pictures folder with the name 18. You can zoom
in to make it clear. I have found that option B is correct answer.
Q19:
The solution is attached in the pictures folder with the name 19. You can zoom
in to make it clear. I have found that option B is correct answer.
Q20:
1) Convert all the system into single transfer function by removing close loop.
2) Find the gain matrix using
K11 = del y/ del v
K12 = del y/ del v^2
K13 = del y / del v^3
Thus we will get the required answer as is option D.