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Sorotan Kajian

Literature Review

Chapter 2: Sorotan Kajian


Satu elemen yang penting dalam kajian.
Merupakan database kajian anda.

Merupakan sumber maklumat/kajian lepas yang telah

diterbit.

Tujuan Sorotan Kajian


Limit the problem area.

Define the problem


Avoid unnecessary repetition.
Search for new approaches.

Recommend suitable methods.


Attain the latest information and ideas.

Kepentingan Sorotan Kajian


Memberi penerangan yang lebih jelas berkaitan dengan isu

kajian.
Memperkenalkan teori yang terlibat dalam kajian yang
dijalankan.
Menghadkan skop kajian yang dikaji.
Memlaporkan kajian lepas yang berkaitkan secara langsung
dengan kajian yang dijalankan.
Menunjukkan pengkaji berpengetahuan dalam bidang yang
dikaji.
Jelaskan pembolehubah dengan detail.

Source of Literature
Primary sources:
Journal article
Research report

Proceedings
Conference papers
Magazines

Newspapers
Internet.

Secondary sources:
Books
Articles of secondary

sources

Teknik Mencari Karya


Penggunaan Abstrak Jurnal dan Indeks

Penggunaan Kamus dan Ensikklopedia


Penggunaan katalog perkara.
Penggunaan buku.

Penggunaan penapisan bibliografi/rujukan.


Google search dengan menggunakan kata kunci

How to cite other peoples works?


Paraphrasing
The objectives of paraphrasing are:
1. To show your reader that you understand the research
literature.
2. You are able to synthesise , evaluate, analyse and
compare the and draw analytical conclusion.
You do that through careful mining of the original research,
and by carefully reporting what you have read and what it
all means.
Say NO to plagiarism.

This is plagiarism
Original author
A worked example is a
step-by-step
demonstration of how
to perform a task or
how to solve a problem
.Studying worked
examples is an effective
instructional strategy to
teach complex
problem-solving skills.

Student

A worked example is a
step-by-step
demonstration of how to
perform a task or how to
solve a problem. Studying
worked examples is an
effective instructional
strategy to teach complex
problem-solving skills.

This is NOT plagiarism


Original author
A worked example is a
step-by-step
demonstration of how
to perform a task or
how to solve a problem
.Studying worked
examples is an effective
instructional strategy to
teach complex
problem-solving skills.

Student

A worked example can be


defined as a problem
solving procedure to a
task or the way to solve a
problem (Clark, Nguyen,
Sweller, 2006). Studying
worked examples one of
the effectives method to
help student acquire high
level problem-solving
skills.

How to Avoid Plagiarism


Dont look at the original copy while you are typing.

Think about what you read.You may copy the whole

sentence in your note, but you MUST paraphrase using your


own words when you write your report.
Avoid sentence-by-sentence restatement of the original
article.
Give credits to authors by putting their names on your
writing.

Conclusion
The literature review is a critical element of research

process.
The literature review will be serving as a knowledge bank for
researcher.
The literature review become the springboard for the whole
thesis.
The ability to search, assess, integrate and write literature
review will show our know-how in the field.