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Restrained Joint Guidelines In most pipelines the layout and design will often result in unbalanced

Restrained Joint Guidelines

In most pipelines the layout and design will often result in unbalanced forces of either hydrostatic or hydrodynamic origin often called ‘thrust’ that if left unrestrained may lead to joint separation.

Often addressing these forces is undertaken with the use of bearing concrete thrust blocks. In this instance resistance is provided by transferring the thrust forces to the soil through the larger bearing area of the block. Considerations in the design of the thrust block will include pipe diameter, design pressure, type of configuration i.e. angle of bend and the horizontal bearing strength of the soil.

Where conditions are such that it makes the use of this solution difficult for example marshland, unstable ground, restricted access or space limitations alternative solutions may be provided by a number of Self Anchoring Flexible Joints that are available to restrain the Ductile Iron pipeline.

The following Self Anchored Restrained Joint systems are supplied by Electrosteel;

Anchor Gasket ‘Vi’ type

Restrained Flexible Weld Bead Joint ‘ Ve’ type

Electrolock

Considerations

Factors to consider when selecting the method of restraining include the following;

Design pressure

Working pressure

Ground conditions Pipe-Soil interaction

Space available

Accessibility

Cost

Design Pressure

The design pressure is the maximum pressure to which the pipeline will be subjected and in most cases this will be the test pressure. It is at this time when the pipe-soil interaction will be at its most vulnerable.

Pipe-Soil Interaction

The principal behind thrust restraint is to transfer the thrust force to the surrounding soil structure. The objective of the design is to dissipate the thrust forces so that damage to the pipe system does not occur through joint separation.

In light of the above the following information should be provided by or requested from the customer to allow Electrosteel to provide advice and guidance on the restrained joint system to be used:

What is the Pipeline Diameter?

What is the configuration of the pipeline and the nature of fittings being used within the line?

What is the pipeline test pressure and operating pressure?

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What are the soil characteristics in the intended route of the pipeline? What is the

What are the soil characteristics in the intended route of the pipeline? What is the topography of the route?

What is the proposed depth of over and proposed backfill material?

Electrosteel Self Anchored Restraining Systems

Anchor Gaskets ‘Vi’ type

Providing a cost effective solution to restraint considerations. The resistance to joint separation is provided by stainless steel teeth moulded into the rubber gasket. As the joint is pressurized the teeth bite into the pipe spigot and resist separation.

the teeth bite into the pipe spigot and resist separation.   Tyton SIT PLUS Max Max
 

Tyton SIT PLUS

Max

Max Site

Max

DN

Operating

Test

Deflection

Pressure

Pressure

(PFA)

(PEA)

80

16

24.2

100

16

24.2

150

16

24.2

200

16

24.2

250

16

24.2

300

16

24.2

350

16

24.2

400

16

24.2

450

10

17

500

10

17

600

10

17

For higher PFA requirements please contact the manufacturer

Please contact Electrosteel Technical Team directly in relation to calculating exact pipeline anchorage length requirements.

NB.

Electrosteel cannot be held responsible for any issues arising with anchor gaskets sourced via a third party.

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Restrained Flexible Weld Bead Joint ( RFWB) ‘Ve’ type This joint incorporates a restraining mechanism

Restrained Flexible Weld Bead Joint ( RFWB) ‘Ve’ type

This joint incorporates a restraining mechanism into the normal flexible PushFit joint. The joint is restrained by:

A factory applied weld bead applied at the spigot end. Where pipes have been cut the bead can also be applied at site (please ask for guidance).

A locking ring abuts the weld bead

A bolted gland is placed over the weld bead and locking ring and affixed to the socket collar with the use of ‘hooked’ nuts and bolts.

This assembly creates a restraining force against the weld bead and subsequently prevents axial withdrawal under pressure.

This restraining system retains the inherent flexibility of the Push-Fit joint system and may be used in the following circumstances:

Directional changes

Unstable ground conditions i.e. marshy ground, areas of subsidence, seismic zones

Hilly terrains

Where space is limited

zones  Hilly terrains  Where space is limited       Tightening      
     

Tightening

 
   

Gland Bolts

Torque (Nm)

Max

Nom.

PFA

Hole

No. of

PRE

Final

Angular*

Dia

Bar

size

holes

(Max)

Deflection

80

 

25

4

20

100

 

100

64

25

4

20

80

4.0°

150

55

25

6

20

60

200

44

25

8

20

60

 

250

39

30

6

20

70

 

300

37

30

8

20

60

350

32

30

8

10

20

400

 

30

10

10

20

3.0°

450

30

30

12

10

20

500

30

16

10

30

600

27

30

20

10

20

700

25

30

24

10

10

 

800

 

30

30

20

90

900

16

30

30

10

30

2.0°

1000

30

30

10

10

PFA = Allowable operating pressure

*For higher angular deflection please contact Electrosteel

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Comparison of alternative restraining systems:   Anchor Gasket RFWB Cost √√√ √ Working

Comparison of alternative restraining systems:

 

Anchor Gasket

RFWB

Cost

√√√

Working Pressure

√√√

Suitability for unstable ground

√√

√√√

Time to install

√√√

Confined spaces

√√√

Procurement lead times

√√√

For further information contact the Electrosteel Sales & Technical team on +44 1246 264222 or by E Mail on sales@electrosteel.co.uk

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