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Wind, wave, hydro, geothermal,

and/or solar generated electricity

Nitrogen from
air to form NH3
(Haber Process)

+ CO2

Single chamber
electrolysis of salt
water (below)

Capture for
industrial
use

Urea
+
H 20

H2

Cl2

Na+ Cl(solution)

Cl2
Cl2

H2
H2
H+

H+
H+

OH-

OHOH-

Na+
Na+

Na+ OH-

Na+

Cl H+

H+
+

Na+

Cl Cl -

Na OH
Na+ OH-

H+

H+

OH

H+
H+

H+

NaOH

OH-

NaOH

CO2 from air or


industrial source

NaOH + CO2 => NaHCO3


and Na2CO3

Nitrogen from
air to form NH3
(Haber Process)

+ CO2

H2

Vent to air or
capture for
industrial use

Urea
+
H 20

O2

Na+ Cl(solution)

#1

#2
NaCl
solution

H2
H2
OH

Na + Cl H2

OH -

Cl -

#3
O2

Cl

Cl

Cl

SO4
Cl

Cl -

H+

NaOH

NaOH

NaOH + CO2 => NaHCO3

CO2 from air


or industrial
source

O2

H+

H+

H+
H+

Na +

O2

H+

H+

-2

SO4-2

HCl

HCl

Olivine
(Mg, Fe)2SiO4

Magnesium
chloride

Silica

Iron
compounds

Wind, wave, hydro, geothermal,


and/or solar generated electricity

Nitrogen from
air to form NH3
(Haber Process)

+ CO2

4-chamber electrolysis
of salt water (below)

Vent to air or
capture for
industrial use

Urea
+
H 20

Na+ Cl-

H2

O2

(solution)

#1
H2
H2

#2
OH-

OHNa+

#3

#4
SO4

NaCl
solution
Na+

OH-

H+

Cl

Cl

Cl -

O2
O2

-2

H+
H+

H+

H+
H+

Na+
+

Na OH

Na+

Cl -

Cl -

H+

H+
SO4-2

HCl

NaOH

NaOH

HCl
Olivine

NaOH + CO2 => NaHCO3

(Mg, Fe)2SiO4

CO2 from air


or industrial
source

Magnesium
chloride

Silica

Iron
compounds

Option for Fumed Silica Production


Ammonia fuel and/or
fertilizer

NaCl (aq)

Wind Turbine
supporting semipermeable membrane

Energy

NaOH

HCl

Reaction Chamber
#1

MgCl2

Na2CO3 + (Mg,Fe)Cl2

FeCl2

MgCO3

FeCO3

2 H2 O

H2

O2

NaOH + CO2 from


air yields Na2CO3
at pH above 7

NaCl

Four Chamber
Electrolysis
Unit(s)

Reaction Chamber
#2

Reaction
Chamber #3

N2
(atmosphere)

Olivine
(Mg,Fe)2SiO4

H4SiO4

Heating Unit

(SiO2)
Fumed silica
40-400 m2/gm

Energy

Option for Magnesium metal production and pure hematite

Reaction Chamber
#2

Energy

MgCl2

Electrolysis of
molten MgCl2

Fe(II)Cl2

Cl2

1.5
Na2CO3

Fe(III)Cl3
1.5 H2O
Fe(III)(OH)3

Magnesium
metal
3 NaCl
Four Chamber
Electrolysis
Unit(s)

1.5 CO2

NaCl (aq)
3 H2 O

Fe(III)(OH)3
Dryer

Reaction
Chamber #3

Energy
Fe2O3
100% Hematite

Magnesium Cement

Reaction Chamber
#1
Na2CO3 + (Mg,Fe)Cl2

MgCl2 + Na2CO3

(From reaction chamber)

Four Chamber
Electrolysis
Unit(s)

FeCO3

NaCl

Magnesium Carbonate
Hydroxide

Mg(OH)2 4MgCO3

NaOH

MgCO3
Na2CO3
NaOH + CO2
yields Na2CO3
at pH above 7

(Sintering Heat)

CO2

Energy

MgO

Reaction
Chamber #3

Portland Cement

MgCO3 heated to
650 degrees C

15-95%

5-85%

Eco-Cement
Tec-Eco, Inc.
Australia

Electrolytic Iron
3-Chamber Electrolysis

Vent to air or
capture for
industrial use

High
Purity
Iron

O2
#2

#3

#1
H2SO4

Fe(II)Cl2
H2
H2

H
Cl

Cl

Cl

SO4-2

H+

Fe
Cl

Cl

O2
O2

H+
SO4-2

H+
+

H+

H+

SO4-2

HCl

HCl

Olivine

Silica

(Mg, Fe)2SiO4

Magnesium
chloride

Iron
compounds

O2
Condenser

Recycled steam

Turbine

Electrolysis
Electrolysis of
sea water
of salt
water

Generator

Fossil fuel combustion

H2
Fossil fuel
exhaust
containing CO2

HCl
CO2 bubbles
or mesoporous
membrane

+ N2

Scrubber

NaOH

NaOH

NH3

(solution)

CO2

CO2

Guanidine
NaHCO3

(Baking soda)

&/or
Na2CO3

(Washing soda)

(Fe2O3)
Pure Hematite

Olivine
(Mg,Fe)2SiO

MgO

FeCO3

Magnesium
metal
(SiO2)
Fume silica
40-400 m2/gm