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FEDERAL BUREAU

OF FNVESTIGATION

ALBERT EINSTEIN
PART

BUFILE NUMBER:

1OF

61-7099

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Honorable
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It is respectfully requested,
in view
oi
tho &#39;
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mandatory Alien Exclusion laws of the United Stator, &#39;1nd_="T*--&#.

. _3-

- the
1av_r_s_;nek_ing
a Iolenr
it .f.&#39;or,-any person
issist er permit certain classes of inadmissible aliens
12 f&#39;
enter the United Btateq,that the American Consul
General
,3
at

Berlin, or Geneva, or any other American consular otfioe;-3;;


at which
application
by Professor Albert Einstein Itor;
-~&#39;;J=&#39;r--g5 .
passport visa maybe made, be instructed to refuse and Ilth-._x,,_-;_"&#
15 hold
such passport visa
to
P1-Ofe.-5801" Einstein;
or,
1!
ouch I.&#39;Z.:&#

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ll

passport has
visabeen
issued,suspend
to or
revoke
the cane,---

in accordancewith the laws andtact: _heroait,er


sot forth

-and
charged,
under tho requirement of Federal lav making it
a duty of citizens under PonaltYof the lav to make knoll: "";""&#39;&

n
to proper
authorities certain
facts
&#39;
- &#39;- . yithin
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1.1-mvm.-romrPROVISIONS or
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The
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oi
low
to
which
attention
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as
invited, and the duty or the Department of _8tpto_ toenforce.Sj;1;1:-g;&#

It. them,

were clearly set forth in the reply as the State pops:-s-._::,*=

ll ment,

-D __
through Honorable William R.Goat1o then hie~ot*. _;;
I" us

IO
_
p Western

3lawyers

Euro
can

Affairs nowindc
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tor-Goamtess-MichaelThe
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material
Parts of9 _

that State. Department


ruling,
dated

November
_1.Q,l925,_f_j_,,;i.
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The let
of

:
I

February 6,1917, provides:

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3Soc.16:"Eveualien
me
no-1not appearto the examining l _
immigran nspocor at the port
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arrival to be clearlz
e
&#39;

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for examination
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and be end a doubt entitled to land shall be detained

inquiry-I!

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. Procedureunderthe section last quotedis underthg
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immigration
inspectors
of
the LaborDepartment.
Butit is ;_....s.,__.
,
clear fromthis section,as well as fromScc.2 f! andSoc. __
_,_v__
_,__%_25_of
the4Immigr&#39;.1tiOn
Act
of
1924,that Congress
determined __-_
that the bu.rdenofproof shall"te"upen~sush-alien--and
consular officers nor immigration inspectors
have authority to waiveor neglect to onfereethis mandate
&#39;
that neither

-_

of the

law,

-V

&#39;
.

This--icgai
-requirement
-isalso-maphatiealJ.I
statod
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the Supreme
Court
t

&#39; "...in

- up

of the United States;


s

order

to safeguard

against

-&#39;

admission or

who are unworthy or who for any reason fail

to measure

to required standards, the lav: puts the burdenupon

every applicant to show


by

satisfactory evidencethat

he hasthe specifiedqua1ificatiens.;.and
dhendoubts _
e::ist...thcy should
be
resolved in favor
of
the United
states and against the claimant-"And men, upona fair

_ consideration of the evidence adducod...doubt

remains."

the _Uni&#39;g_g_d
_5;_ates_
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who
are
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in oropposition
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"aa1iens whoare aaarcmsts;


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_Id! Aliensshevrito,pub1ish,orcauseto"

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nritten

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Z
orIbouncw1n1s
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havein their possoifsion
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sircul-92tion,distributienmublication or-di

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%e:}|.c1;lng-H-_..lthc
doctrines
enumerated
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All

s"
ons_sho,arosnombersccf-or
affiliated Iith an! 8rBn~
i:atioa,associatien, society or groupthat writes, circulates, distributes,prints, publishesor displays,or
causesto be written, circulated, distributed,printed .$c-_l.*
published,or displayed,or that hasin its possession
for the purpose
of
circulation, distribution, pub1ica"

_._

tion,issuo, or display, anywritten or printed matter H


of the characterdescribedin subdivision d!.
:-

"Fer
thepurpose
orthissection:
! -the
givin,loan-

ing or promisingoi moneyor anythingof value


o
be
usedfor the advising, advocacy
1 or-. teachingof N17 I-I-1?-&#39;
doctrine aboveenumerated
shall constitute the asdvi
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agvecocy,er
teaching
oisu&#39;5&#39;n""doc&
! theins, _&#

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1&#39;
g
1;
ng
caning
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group oi the character abovedescribed shall constitute

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i"al&#39;rilia_tion
therewith;
yt netmniin tEi&#39;s&#39;pa:1a
rgpb c_

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Io are informed and believe and charge that P;-erossor

Albert Einstein is inadmissible


to
following

grounds:
e

the United States on the


.

Ialilbert Einsteinbelievesin, advises,advocates


or teaches
a doctrinemica, in a legal sense,as held by the courts

in othercases,would
allow

anarchy
to stalkin,

_H

mmelcsted"andresult in governmentonly in name. -"="-

~e

i
1
i

b!AlbertEinsteinadvises,advocates
or teaches,andisa memberof and affiliated with groupsthat are in
militant a&#39;iid"admittodly
"illegal" opposition
to the
mostmndamontal
principle of organised
government; --_

cllllbert Einstein believes in or is affiliated with


Communist
groupsthat advocatethe overthrewby terse ,__
or violence or the Government
oi -the United States; he

F!

advocates
Factsoi rebellion"againstthe basic
E
_.
rprlndipld
ot
all organized
government
that it"may_
-1
&#39;
.~/&#39;.
I.
,
.

__g

defendits existenceandcompel
obedience
to
its laws
torsoor arms;he advocates
"conflict with public

&#39;
&#39;,_
.- &#39;_
3_
s &#39;1
C

zi&#39;

autherityg",
admits
that his attitude is "revolutione.ry;"
I

. 5*

thathispurpose
is "illtel"and
thatheintends
to
.

organise and load, and co, loot moneytor and contribute or-s
moneyto a "militant opposition" and to combat, the
1 &#39;4

_ basicprinciplect ourConstitution
that oursupremo
J _.-_
_P

>

Courthasalways92iphO1
as ees_entia_l
to
tbeitiisteniqr;
: _
oi ourGovernment;
he teachoiand&#39;loaJs6&#39;1ergai&#3
&#39;

>

a movement
for unlawful "individual resistance?and

... 4.,

is

IU
--;.___

I1"w-,_.

_=."ac_t_s
of rebellion"
ag&#39;92inst,efficers
of theUnited
&#39;
States in time 0! &#39;nar,which
is-almostimpossible
"
without
theassaulting
or killing or such
officersas -

.- a necessary consoquocc oi such acts oi -rebellion,

and
"

&#39;
Irhieh,on
the
part
otqparticipants
insue}:
u.&#39;1laIiule
-~-~~
&#39;revolutionary"
Fcembat,"conflict or rebellion Q-1 s_

" AlbertEigjin hio=gl$_nau.!och1=


<l&#39;b,]2,11JZ.!!_
mu" &#39;

W H ~_-and
in scc.a
M Hf-the
-.1:-I;
e V,
_
l

Albert

-_*t1-ling

Ado
4:?ebru:1IF5:3-93-&#39;5
--~,~-~{__ l.&#39;_;__f;&#39;1_
.,&#39;__;,;_,;_
,___,__

Einstein

gives,leans

freniseis1oncyer
or p

sense-~*.;--.-___l_i_._-i

er value {including his own prestige leadership - .

and labor} -and collects

money tor

andpremises
money
to__.._:_____,_
_

be used tor advising, advocacyeroteaehing


of law
theshall
dec ._,__:___7h___
cording to
" *Y"

above
enumerated
Imich ac~erteaching
_
92-trines
of sue. ,-_.______h=::
constitute
the advising, 4 _
advecac&#39;

&#39;-acaza.

-* HoFi&#39;1&#39;E&#39;"&#39;-and
"shall
llOti1_t}113i}1{f,1;.._!.921i1_Dg
withsuch
7
organization, society orgreup.
&#39;
*
&#39;
s.
a
W
&#39;
If thorabove
charges
aretrue, -llbertEinstein
nustbe-held l

d er
5 -iissaemissihic1&#39;-o
as
United States gn_

each and all

of the

stbdivisienn
0! thessan dta cry laws e cE.chs0
or aliens tron this country, above set terth._
-

_~

___;_ Ihile the

a
-&#39;

"&#39;
&#39;
_

_-__
_

"burdene2proot
bylaw
isdoubt
clearly
5p&#39;{+si15n
h
I92Y92l&#39;92
reasenrcle
thac 3:9-&#39;
---.- Q
__

-"
"""-d
&#39;_ii1__i__ATqe_u-1.ulia1l
uuyuu

the mandatory restrictions"-1:1 -the yii

-appliesln

11.3-l.L_ease

rima
taeieproofoi all_
the
above
charges
beestablished
gy
aninvestigation
by
the
Visa
Division
of may
theState
Depnrt_ -i *

meet, and
by
careful examinationoi Professor Einstein
by
the
_
consular officers, -andwill be submittedhereafter,
by
the "
undersigned{when compilation oi documentaryevidence en thsss

points

new being made is completed.


-

. ;_ _r

<

____

It is to be noted that ggmiasiensof an alien concerning


himself, or hisbeliefs, are on an equal rooting with actual
convictions in roreign co-arts for the purpose of d-ivminins ..
his right to enter the United States. See Sec.3, Immigration
Act oi 1924!. Ho is required
by
the sane law Soc.&#39;7!
to state &#39;"
whether

he

is

or

is

no

t a member
of each
class
-

or individuals

lass 3 and i s
for
"%i921bject to ..a $10,000 fine or five years lmprisenncnt
application
under
&#39;
lmerringly making any-false i &#39;
sHta tement &#39;1n&#39;!11a
.
oath,
._
.
.
excluded

_ ~

from

admission...un

d-or the igratien

___h__

Theadmissi_g_rLs_
ofAlbert
Einstein
concerning
his"illegal"
_

.._.__n.nd
_
revolutionary

objectives and affiliations

are matters

of public record, but appear hitherto .to_hovQl19en_m92nxnet1ced


&#39;
ti emst&#39;.lar&#39;ei&#39;iicer:-.
er_i."z.eigratieninspector,-swhoh:1v&#39;6
.
grantedvisas d. entryte Einstein tor several fewer"
_

transitory
vi.$It92s
totheUnited
States.--&#39;=
_But nos he is seeking to become
a
pcmanent or se=n_i-o

germanent
resident
ortheUnited
States,
and
inanycase,
ec .2 oi the Alien Exclusion and Deportation Act et October

16,l9lB as amended,
is applicableto the classesor aliens &#39;

excluded
by
thatact,&#39;
"irrespective
_e;__the
tin_e__g1
their

ent_1_&#39;_[
into the UnitedStates andsuchaliens mayevenbe

deported
"at_anj"tir:e_a1ter_
onto;-i%
theUnited
States
if
Sound to have sass at the cine Bi e. if? &#39;0&#39;Ifjte
have hecccpe__
thereafter,
a

memberot "any one ct the c1asses__enuae_ratee.&#39;

m"3???-="i&#39;1;;;";&#39;r-1;.t.:5n::e::r"r
o
92
.

frevieus
_tz;:1jn_nt9=&#39;!
"_-gdoissimu
tothe
@2318
qtatos,
tncre_

tore, giveno alien thy exemption


from1110 atorwprovisions
-or the Qlien ixclusien and Deportationl&#39;4urs,;
had,ihen they-R
&#39;
- are roundapplicable&#39;to
suchalien---and-the4or proof s

irestauponsuchalien in anyapplication
for pasnpert
visa
_

er--admission,regardless oi previous V1la&#39;s.;n_&#39;r.


admissionsto_ J_ the United States as e._tes1perar5T
V1si1iUI&#39;._.-,.;,?&#39;fo!=j%;%.
_-. .
&#39;

1-.

1.,
.81*

4" .

1.u!
-I .

, _- I _

&._;sw-92-&#39; I
&#39;

/&#39;f{*{;-H-""
..--I M91.

&#39;-t
&#39;--&#39;
-&#39;
llrmandolph
Frethin92;{:.an!
?I0B1 &#39;nul1t,
TheRoman
Pe.triet_Corporation.

&#39;

-an-In

&#39;1
----

- ,

P3-;;.,Z____nan1;,;#:::?*c.nan
s<>caacn.c>~$r,_._.
"*
Vida Di|.;sa..-aDepartmentof State
,_
,_-Iagi
U. H .
I
-_. ,

November22,1932
_ r

&#39; "Dear Sir: .l&#39;he


attached nemedandxaa
er evidence in proof at

3*-.1,_. _ chargestiled with you yesterdaythat Albert Einstein is


-

-fully

i;
~L,&#39;
c
"*&#39;
o

9292

~=,-====:~.=:,1=."=*=-.-*1;-;~;1+=
"H

- Q-4&#39;
_
-<92
._ &#39;:

inadmissible to the United $tates....is


subaitteds

- 2

"

herewith respect-

Very truly

yours,

p
.

Q.

-~
-

- ,_&#39; .
Signed!Hsn-iot A.i*:10THINGPL92lI i _
.v:
*
c!I.&#39;!.R!l21
Frothinghan
.D11&#39;l.
.
1.0110
~
_P:-esidcnt,Thewoman
Pa riot Oerporat

92;;_o;P;{"1oHeRANDHH;0F
B _JCEj23ATfBE3$wEE5?i,
,?*3"1$$l$Ff7_*

D-&#39;.;_
"?n~s1=
to i>rov&#39;cnt"e
enI&#39;uslon&#39;1
such
"as"has"6!&#39;ten
hanifosted
""&#39;__?
itself in regard to alien exclusioncases, evenoneng1a92r5e-rs!

*-~-"" "fit is&#39;te


be
recalled that

an alien seeking admission to the if _

pi
45

.4
R...
Q-$5
>
>
_.__.:__._.
_.

United St tes is gskin _a favoriand seeking a hi _iriji1e


that
naygogranted""eny
noon
sudh
terns,
cennso and. E..&#39;.&#

-restrictions as the linited States may_deec:_92__desir_able_..;;5lT5===i


ilo alien

does not
IBIIOJI-Is
~

is compelled to enter

the United Btates.

If

he . _...

like Americantoms of admission, he can staz out.


i

and if he does not neat ineriean tom of a&#39;&Fu&#39;Tsien,


-.
Government san_!:e_eg
gain out, without any injury to his " -&#39;
__r ---2-re=2:&#39;-4,-&

person or property, or dial

without any trial


by

nfehis liberty,

and altogether IL;-

court er jury under the strict

rules of

evidence
thatsafeguard
theperson
orgroporti
ofone
charged
1.
TIAC
;". "3 "-*7.
with an offense, fren unjust penishnen or less. Ian"; govern-&#39;*
nents, notably G1-oatBritain, simplytell, an alien that they

don&#39;t
want him and that ends the matter, Jithout UVen_a _-

right6: thealiento askthenshy!&#39;w-~&#39;


V,.
,,,_,,;,;
the alien

seeking admission is not on trial

bof_ore__acourt

._,_

of law; he is not in jeopardy of his 1&#39;He,lTbert_yor"precrt;

Wis

under no compulsionat all to appear at our gates. And _

&#39;=&#39;;;
-.

Liiglf
Qriviloge---which
millions
ofaliens
througout
!%e

;_ -. I, &#39;,.

the gates, need not open then until


_fied,"&#39;beyond
reasonable doubt that

wor

aredenod.

and unless each is satisthe alien


is
wort
of a

"&#39;&#39;

The burden ofpreef

l
s
:1 L
L
"

not the alien,

is legally

entitled to the benefit of all doubts.The final

tion of facts

te
a

rs,
is
S0
2

51
$1

41$".
i~Hr*,t_9n;-

is uponthe aliong not uponthe


&#39;

Government, The United States

E?

_
e 1. ,,___.-,,,_

likewise, the two sets of American officers , in two different


..
departments of Government, that Congress has directed to guard

is entrusted to adni.nisttite

~--s-rs_
*-""""&#39;e"

&#39;7
-::"-=3
..

determina-

officers, not

11:7. Adn$.ni.I1i!a$11&#39;0"0ff1dO!l
are "net-obliged-to-be1ie1re&#39;**~;-*

the testimony of an alien in his ownbehalf, and ."nore qr:-er,,


even if

it

consists

in finding

an essential

fact

without

-e

.-&#39;

adequate
supporting
evidence,
-isnota denial
of dueprocess
of law" in those
a
ion exclusion ca so.
See deciien by
riustice "Brandeis&#39;i.n"iisi
Y,Tod64&#39;.S;134,so1ish
vuusssj142

U.S.65l

II660!

&#39;
_

as
51
ls

.-

.4
Z!
-:3

es -53

It is not necessaryto prove the alien guilty of any_cri.ninal

or otheroffense,or of anyovertact. It is eugh if his

beliefs;
opinions.
oraffiliations
shos.hir.
.-c
....
:-..-sea?
use-I_Uu.D
&#39;"
of the several
classes
Ti! aliens that
shall
be
excl
ed
V
from
admission
into
the UnitedStaten
_,-_ __ __ &#39;_ __;____-" "
&#39; .. " =1
. |_-r, " _. i
, M -*_,_~

as%i

~;&#39;
j

&#39;
17D0" G ofO&#39;bIDl&#39;V&#39;
u.-;--T
. An;&#39;,e_:ecutive
officer,n92oreover.-,=.1_.s*-no"
&#39;
_&#39;
--ii"""*&#39;5"&#39;
__

the strict rulesof evidence


enforced
to judicialtribunalsis_in es:lwdingor dcporting-alionh
00 1,101-Y-D0921,&#39;7th.Us$
&#39;1,
.- - -=s-&#39;53.--.,.

Circuit
Court
ofAppeals,
decided
41c;:lB,,J.95Q,No,
.3,-F} _Jl
.11 _.

-~-

3"In, oag?,Ihe:92e
,%n--a1.ien&#39;gr,i_s_,oxc
the-<&#39;92e-e
administratifo
_
flows
zrgdycrse
,
adzrlsllep
pl""-,
"gush
alien, shall
be
fino1.... 1oe_3&#39;?
Stat.&#39;!3&#39;!
738}
_
-e"_--"4:.
5: I
"-

--

el Congress
hasbeendilige-it.iniie-stablishing&#39;_
barriersagainst,
gtheentryof undesirable"&#39;alions;,&#39;-Itfhas
-entrusted
the keysof

_.n"I ._
&#39;92-

1,;;rqq-_;
U;*5;L11J,:1y_1,92.
&#39;
1- 51-uupn y.u.u|.-uu.n..|_uvu

."vus;uuuygl-ff|:|.u:f_;_:.._:;:,:l*,

@H.cPb11=11.-"n1=e<?
.*5_%"=L"%5Pj5.9Et?.1P,L-_,
P9?! c
__+i.______&#39;.._

&#39;

! gmIor1d_o&#39;;1;-ess
13-;;;==g
Inporiaiiggsar--;:m{::22.::d
evenby
Europeanocialist
ioariers
as a omnmi p
__ _jp -__
pi

,_;,.. .___..___.._-

IhichBOO
Conmmist
delegates
took numberpart,
and
--in &#39;1l.11&#39;1:b
Oachin, oriminist
of the French Chm:
r
_ pF
&#39;
e

- - Marcel

*1-.1-Deputies
oneWillilunzonborg,
8om:unist.4ep921l=Y
$0311l-~-j-y=,=;;_+
Osman
Roichstag
putforthnesteffectively
andcl:-ans

.-1 1:!-2%-.&#39;::&#39;#;
>-

92

call!theCommunist
program
ofaction
i?einst
war.
es&#39;A i
_ "
_,

he Ion Iassos,!lovonbor,l932,p.lO,col.2
. ".j1if

i,. .&#39;

&#39;
.
in-om:
sxssmnizis
on
the
so:-is
Ou:nittoe"
of
-the
nbove____
.
--1--w-rs-.q-_-~
-Oonnunist Gong:-essi his -naneheading tho. lost of erncn _

members,
followed
y
thatof cum zsms sun Iunsenberg-&#39;
_-

andother
notorious
Ommmnist
lenders.
09themay

_;;_,;._;-

Iorkcr, official Juaorican


Oonnunist
organ,Oct.ll,l95_2,ps,

l_

_ ..

._9!&#39;!5_!;,,
___.___.
_,;_;_ _,_________
___j__,&#39;

The "Ian&#39;i6osto&#39;
cf the aboveCongressdeclares thct.&#39;oash &#39; -

of1us"
andall together
they
have
pledged
and
sworn
thon- V&#39;
so vss:
s
1"
"...to

_ "ifs-1
:_

our

fight with all

con-hand against

our force and with all the nouns at


inperialist-capitalism-.

against armaments,"againstwar pro arctions, and in

- consequence
against
thegovernments I18."lie!
_lasses,Novenbor,l932!.
"ihoy

strosse

the fact

&#39;
p-

that

var as a collosal

movementcannot be prevented fry the sacrifices


conscientious

objectors

no nattor

&#39;

_ _

mass

of indivir!uo1&#39;*f"&#39;
k

how courageous and roll

motivated these persons night be. they advocated moss antiwar activities

_;.__

in___thc armies o_.nd_r_inv_10s


in 1.I.r_1il;_i011iants

.;-&-_"-&#39;
_--"1-M
F ;
_._..._
.., .._
~.

nnzinnong
transport
workers
vri&#39;xoco92IId
triple[cripl&#39;e%l*t6
_productionhn~i_ slivers,of;1w11t;Lor:si&#39;L Ibi1!_sP,.1o
In short,bothGonmmisn
andsabota
e
iereopenly
.urod
st . &#39;
thisso-called
WorldCongress
Againstslrzrporialist
Plaza.
&#39;htamsr
EINSTEIN:
membership
on.thn_1&#39;Iorld
cAonnittoo"
of &#39;__
. .
this Conrxunist
organization
is in itself sufficient to cz-

clggo
hinfrom
ndnigkgenhte-:23
gnnitgddtatelt
Foris it
scary to prove
t
o
on
e
o of the contents

ne

of theprograns...or
anyoneof thou.Ii is sufficientif-

theevidence
heas
Ias
_-1%
ng_1:g
of61
with
suchonshevedithit
organan on
con
onpa oi!
6 gh_aff%l%c{ed.
s 5 u o.
Soe__&#39;I_1ar
v.Doak,
up__r5_,
p,5!, _,s
-i.
_
EIHSTEIHno also one
oi

,.

Congress of the Anti-Inperialist

Y,
._92_.. affiliate

the loaders of the Iorld

League---a

subsidized

of the Colilmmist Intexnational--.-that

not at
,

Fro nkfo:t,&#39;G::---~r:r,
-.-&#39;u1j&#39;.&#39;
20,1929 and his-picture was
_

foot
w
we

Zoit92_:;_:
&#39;

w-t

,, ,

leae=@~=ders
ofhat
ltioruanis
Congress,
=>-mi-1

&#39;
-

P.

&#39;

-"

,.

,c: B.4,__ __

,_,

.Q
t.._aw,

L; :-

4&#39;
<
-.&#39;o-_&#39;-I"!

._

n 12>whow=>=~1=__<>=~Z._!A&#39;"i1_9_l.&#39;*_=E.1..!!.9.1-"-5~
on 1a"1t1n1Iw

well-knownaffiliate

and creature of T50 Communist


Int
&#39; &#39;tion&#39;o.l.

Thecontribution
of noncy,__"er
nn&#39;ything,,of
-value
to M; " gmization" of this class,--constitutes
affiliation, under c,
statute,

with the Workers International

with its affiliate,


Vsnoa-k;Ps6!o-

Relief," and thofofore

the Con:-xunist
International.
&#39;_ . _

See Kjar
&#39;

ALBERT
EINSTEIN,
March1,1951,"wrote to cm Workers

International Ro1iof,Anorican Section:

i
., 5
1.. 4_
21:4

9292

_&#39;

"

"Thoworkof your Organizationhas the highest importance

in a countryin Ihich the individualis so insufficiently l


protectod."_
_.7

That Einstein&#39;s
indorsononthad oonnorcialvalue is not only
self-evident as ovonBernardShowand LoonTrotskyregularly

collect

money for more press interviews!

hut as a nutter

of

3&#39;16;
&#39;3-mlto1n&#39;s
inaiorsonont
wasdcenod
of suchgreat"value .

to the organizationthat it wasthe first andprincipalthing


nontioned
in an a ppoal for funds,issuesMarch14,1931,by
,
the IorkorsIntornationo.
l Relief, American
Section.
&#39;
T3! TheI-ar Resistors International This organization
or
sroup,&#39;w1T1f?H51i=&#39;n"hEaT"EIns*i&#39;E&#39;in"1&#39
ithusiastically affil.

L 1Il.tQd
&#39;.

I:92:lu&#39;>_g_v"921i1v:1n...qfQ.92l&#39;.92,..4ul--V
-A4,:-.-, --...s.A..
s.._,,.,i.

T*.""&#39;f_T.fi_m=
"well
as
too-at .-3;-;ro~.q>5:;&#39;.a1=a
in-&#39;mo"i&#39;~
om; and
~t11o__~-_-3
Z
_-."*:.&#39;"&#39;
&#39;
{92g151Qn
lnthg Jay gage gitgd EIRSTEIIUS _,,_j_115,1;1
.;&#39;l

-+~- ~~-o-with the Ia


r
Resistors International &#39;E:onstitates&#39;
&#39;"&#39;r
_- __
_
~
affiliation
with its affiliates.
t:
_,
- - "&#39;<"~:-""_t
"
_ _ __ .__.__.,_. &#39;--_&#39;..&#39;.
7--A-Z--*5 "j;
---&#39;*
""-r--"*_"&#39;*
_,______....-.~.~
._.-->-s- ___w_ __v __ ______f_ _
&#39;
._ ____
. ~In the list 01 Fatfiliated
sections Jot the Ifar Resistors
*_*&#39;
International at "least three "anercho-secialist"&#39;e.nd
"enarche-___
*-t ~-- " cornunist" affiliations
are adnit_ted,[_:S~og_Ij=_-r
Resistance, ,__L_,...___:,
" "ten Practical. ?o1ic7, ppJ&#39;5-6!&#39;~-*
"_"f""
3 1
.
"

Its beliefs

,.

and"el:-Jeetivcs are officially

ednittedin
--

1-=~&#39;~=-r-=11--=W__,
as
sp l

" 5-_;-1-- .10. &#39;_


--

-_

e. "&#39;

* 7

.Out at the present shoesthe Iarjesistors-_1ntcrna_tionel_;,;_____;;.


3 &#39;-=""""&#39;"""1>eliovesi
that s newSocial Order ca n and will be cstabp_
;
lishcd. It looks to an order of society whereall shall
- V-

have the opportunity to co-operate tor the good of all

"

&#39;~

mankind.
It
believes
thatthosesham
esnew acco%%niod
_.

i----""-"&#39;-~"
___.o.e____
W_y__revoljq.t1ona;_~y:
upr1si_r_1gs
-5133&#39;-f,
ina pression,_itf-&#39
enH&#39;_fcTr
n
0 e Ivar reaction and grs"Jat&#39;o
__ _ -7
E__ggr{
_I_r3_r
resistor
desires
to
take
grt
in
te_stru
lo,
Y
.p
contdent&#39;i&#39;rTho
ultimate
trimzfltetheforeos
i!&#39;-Eigg
"
-

nakc tor a new social

s&#39;

erdsr....."{Ibid.p.&#39;I!.

-&#39;-

l &#39;

&#39;=
.K

"The
way
to stopwaris to retuototakepirrtin it

to refuse
to trainase soldier,te romeo
tonako
rmnitions,
t

&#39;
*
;

against war was 5are Hg?t onoug, Hit the International


&#39;
apl1_e_d_
for opn__osiat@ce."_
Tho largest Section at the WarResistors International

"-

numbers."
Ibid-g

"

and then to _Qr_[;nniz0


go ss ro_g_i_sta
nco....&#39;1he
sentiment

is

th.eFe11oIshi

lie

in the United

States,

have made representations

Ihich

muzbors 7,500

to the various

Governments

&#39;*""" ...1heae&#39;reprcsentations
IPQ oot___9g=_
direct iron the 1 1-.o;_-

p.1
I

___

national,
mt 111
ea.
IO
so-.-0
Q1-pm
taa"e1@
&#39;v7_iIl1nT_1
of
non
of
_oniponcc
such
as
Pro&#39;c_sspor:E1nsj=6In
pffi, Inphaiis ours hrou5houtT.
* &#39;
--

"In other 1|erds,"Viththo""aid"eT


rrorai&#39;s<T=~"1:1tTsta1nTi"_"

wi11in
helpasaneminent
nan"
these
revolutionary
radica
s are able to promote their objectives nore onsetively than they can through the organisationthoy
for

the

purpose.
-

Anarchist

, e

affiliations

are not

only

__
-

listed,

established

as previously

noted, but featured in the official.


report or the Ior
Resistors Internationa
1, in part es rollers:
.
_

V.

_.

.V_a;-

in

_i

An Anarchist &#39;eo::1rade...re1&#39;erred
to 701.1,Hr-Chaiman,
as that extraordinary
Secialist,
Jo-.1 were -12!!-:3ruur
-

n
~

3&#39;;
~.11&#39;-rL=-.>1
in.=:-r&#39;.mf92e&#39;nt
asI,ocisli. 1}.-=;>_-.92,;~_-I_
-1,1a,__&#3
._
I!
*;,g.e1&#39;2:E%%1
he M
&#39;&#39
._:-~

I7
ll

--and
- Soci-1rl.st
"&#39;
&#39;8
-_*92
e"..7"-..
t-ilcun
K_
&#3_
.
.
. ~"
s-&#39;
-..- h
1 .1 tn:
-I
t - ,.,
In air noveent
ter-

national 5n1_13ed__t_he
ggwgpvo_t-&ne-gon;_=w1f1=1r=1&#39;1&#39
-.,
Reportor the Ectrotm-y,1b1d.p?B.
_
~-

Couldthere be clearer
proof

of theoffiliation

oi the

5
51

war Resistors International. with Anarchists


1 And ALBERT
EINSTEINcreated to aid this anarc.1o-conrmnist
WarResistors

z=~.-_-=e."
It-id.p=90!. _t

55
5

mo official
report
of tho secretary of the WarResistor!
International showsalso that it has no intcrnest in the mere

57"

maintenance

"his
partinby
the
struggle
and
"revolutionary
uprisings
contemplated
the WarResistorsInternational, no I11-!&#39;0!l3

51

International, the Einstein liar Resistors International

oi
cacc
g,&#39;
ch

5|

but isy irankl

anarc!-m-corutnmist

an
everywarresistor
desires
to-take
"

_-.---1&#39;

52

"

...-

Uhns

the report

"Notaint
upon

declares:

the res ensibility ct the individual

himselfto commence
to guildthenotworldwithout

waiting,tor his fellowsto agreeto do the sane. WM


Reaistance,p.14},
W

&#39;
We have attained the powerto
stop

&#39;

var breaking out.


I

__...4...- s_-n.1-s,.+.1y
q_1.1:92.92
131fg]~1__gLg_:_;_s_g:{>92Ls!;q_I;l-g
t&#39;h0
.
, .-...,.,...
92
.

1- A.-;.-_l;;_;;

vnpparont

&#39;pr&#39;1p_r92nl;crDu8nO5B
"er tno n.sser{;h.

1: i:i:c:;c_-slain
that

over
is

___;_4;______,_;_..Resistors Into

the

.1.ue not ._- .._._s-at-_--_-M


s

Iithin the gr-es};_,the liar "*""*"if-f*.--

.-ctionnl

alone.

oat _g_roletar__ig1
new

have on

allies

ts of EH0werla I513

in""&#39;--"";"&#39;T_""*

"

__;__
_ori l __._e.1:-3:
M .._s;_i_-;-~;c??_->s~w--ii-1->4~-"~---=~~-

-;-rletero the"Internationalwasrounded&#39;theZ1ra&#39;r
resistor; &#39;_&#39
" it
-Ia! called ntoneientieus Ohjoetor-..&#39;ieday
weecelaiu Hf: 7";___*_&

..__
c. .

,_, ___s

&#39;
W

J-

the

idl ua reopen
.. 1&#39;

sibili

ty

,1

1I&#39;6Tr&#39;Uor1d."_
fibids!
a

One of the methods


for-nation
of the Joint

r:

indi

to

ani

or

-&#39;
"&#39;f"&#39;"
"
_&#39;

no nass resist

shoeto warandto unite the detefgati on to EH1]Ehs7


o

--

oi ee-operation
Peace Oeunoil.

has been oy the


In this
Council

c &#39;"""&#39;
_&#39;
=11theradical pacifist andmu-=;1n%?1-"I-r1a?m&#39;?c~._-.
"" ...---o
L->4
" &#39;
Tinals
are

.3

affiliated

0. 1315 .-Jul?!

.--

"I want to nalzeit very slear that whenthe sin


is
nerell

7&#39;
&#39;"
to
&#39;

lgeace&#39;
and the establishment or EH5 status que,

y*___on
__ ___1re,
as anIiernationel, haveno interboltonino
an Ibu-@~-----&#39;7-

is

p.rn.*

e .h hi

f*

ALBERT EI.NS&#39;I&#39;EIN&#39;S
affiliation

Her Resistors

International

interest" in

with

this

that
smite

nnarohe-communist

that

it

hes "no

ace_e.lone,but sontenpletes &#39;rvolutie&#39;:1_ru&#39;y


"

uprisingssn&#39;Eiass
resistance"
aswell asanarehistic
_
individual

g-esistanee

t_e_G7overngg1t,_ro._ther__t_hen
more

conscientious
oleef&#39;iT>nt*e
gar]is a&#39;t6sted"1n
thesane
e&#39;f6TilEminon oi&#39;The1E92rTesisters
International,

entitled

Iar

Resistance,

at pages 28-2

ADDRESS OF PROFRALBERT EINSTEIN

9:
=

T0 THE GOHFERE~IE"

&#39;1
address myself to you, the delegates of the War. it H
1<

._....-l-___f,_

Resistors
International,
because you represent
var. . . -,-~"""&#39;--""""

_~

neeting
in Conference at Lyon,
the novenent nest eertain
to end
"&#39;"*"
"""
""_"
W
M E&#39;

"All the nations oi the world are talking


about
DisAmanent. You must lead then to nore than talk. The Qeegle
&#39;
__
s
nah gr _9u_ oi the hands_o statesmen and _
nusttk _a e__thi-tt
1;

__.___.._____cg1onais-l--They

riust grip? it

in their

Oiinnhandsfi;"-

"j

<1

"Wehaveto incow.;&#39;&&#39;n11m-in
tar norepowerful

than

the

nilitarisn

which

brought

the

disaster

of

the

if

=::s~
=-, *
-1 -"&#39;5

Great
War.
This
is the
achievement
or Governments.
But
........_..
-IanILLJUIIE -ea
UILW -.s..-...1..U UB an-A
Iii!
L!-I50!-LM
U ---.
IIQL -.Zl&#39;TliZ..;..T;_:.&#39;-T.2..A..
lflil-DU92J|ll92lU D &#39;92I92-I-JDQ

Younust egaengingly andtearlessly extendtisjiidea.


You must lead the people to take disamenent

Din handle

ounce

into

- _

.-,-p

their

-5.

#7

I&#39;

&#39;*"".24;_

This is no time tor tenporising. Youare either for - &#39;*"&#3


2;
Int or against Far. If. you are tor War,you nust onouurs. &#39;,_

science

finanse,industry,re1igien

and I-arbour to

ert
&#39;

4
their
give.
mm,
9-oer
qnsioaei
unm_-wet;
as
sznms
anddo ly n {they
oan
bebade11&#39;
.%o
ngtatfg-lgtoiqpst.
,7

you
must
rzsetrago
1-e=s_.&#39;ss"g,|?6
_&#39;
l great
_ nuiIn
askevery
-rzqio
i_e&#39;r?IF
in&#39;:&#39;92Ye&#3
2 sf

LQ

0 0sages
_&#39;

*1
.&#39; .
1 .m
Y -V

&#39; &#39;
l-r"I
eppcalotor
all nonand
w_o:|en,&#39;
whether
theybeeminent
or hug-_1h1:,
to declare before the World-*Disama.~nent
Confer-

ence noots at Geneva in February,


that they will refuse
to give any further
assistance
to war or the preparation
for war;
I
ask then to tellgheir
_Govern.~:;ent_sthis

writin {E, and to W


rei 1*;
_>r___t&#39;heir
decisionI by informing
no
.
I

"El_&#39;EE
67 have 110110BO.
&#39;

appeal.

to
no

=*&#39;-~-&#39;-----r ~-1*

"I shall expect to have thousandsof responsesto this

; c

They should

he addressed

of the War Resistors

Hiddlesex,Englandthrough effectively,
I
the Einstein
tions
to this

&#39;
I.R.I.,11

at the Headquarters

Intornr92tionaI,II

Abbey Road, Entield,

&#39;1o_&#39;enavle
this greet effort
to be carried
have authorized
the establishment
oi

War Resistors
hind should

International
be sent to the

Fund-.&#39;
ContribuTreasurer
of the

AbbeyRead, H:1ic1d,H*dd1eso:|:
FL1p;la.nd--

_-

ALBERT EIHS&#39;1EIH&#39;S
affiliation

sigiedsALBERT
EINSTEIN"

Iith

this

anarehp-conmmist

group
151-n
M
ThewarResistors
International
is thusproved
y his own words and actions

what

shall

constitute

affiliation

DeportationIan, shieh,
otter
or

aftiliqtionf

doelares:_
-

unfer every possible


in

the

Alien

definition

oi

Exclusion

and

- ."

we-nemting
certain denitions
-.

-nosmn
-sf, ;*;1=.~eshooasai"e
sea-=<

_"*.""* exclusive
efinitieh01&#39;
advising,037063-65",
92.1I>_EIo11_-ET_~_;;___
"" "j_or affiliation":1335.2,30-13&#39;_,&#39;Ii1>1O
B,-3-C-!_____M__
;_ 1.;-P

_ __
_

.4

_use mummy_

EINSTEIN sown oecm

"&#39;5

A lot only is Albert Einstein affiliated with, or a nenberei&#39;_


V_____ ;w

s iireviousli
#11101--_
"tho
revelntienmtr
snareho
eerr-s._"__l921P
andthereby affiliated with their nf iliates, ineluding the
-

fl
E

-i,

decided
in
the
llarcaso,
but
his
per!
mi
to
22;:
revolutionary
radicalsrethan
tholjia-B
hc1i__
hcnsolles
Gen-amistIn&#39;t:ornatf>nl
and various Lnarct

groups} as

enel activities,

in

Ihish he, as on uainehtann Is alwayswill

I
rn~...- ..

11-..Q..ll...?_L.:
h.re%
their
em
-previous
ihesnf
an. roqu
re
sorizationsjcs
etc u&#39;Ien,
even
if he were_!192_i
, in
3_ _;

~_ F1:

affiliation with an! groupof inad-i_s"IT51


zfons
__"_-r
s
;; r ..
r Ihet is the 1,; 1 efinttion oi anarchists in subdivision
in? ~of the ilion
selusion and DopertationoDew!__1!ongress_
not said. It has loft the definition of &#39;anarehists"
openass
._
every reason nb lo and fair definition of that tern, but positively
prohibited the entry into the United States of any alien rho

in

to

is an "anarchist.";-

:11

In

the

I _

of Fe brun ry 5 , 1917 , {Boc.3}

Act

nanss anarchists

Oengress also

f
first

4_

an-1then in the alternative, not conjunctive,

r
"i_r_
persons
who
believe
in
or
advocate
the
overthrow
by
force
and
v olenee of the Govorn:92ent...or who disboliove in gt; are
ose_te
prsgnizea
5eggrg:3en_t...er
who
arenanbers
of
2; - &#39;
. 91;
nTl1atb92-1
vi . an?
organization
gntggtaizgng
and
teaching
2

n
&#39;TisS&#39;oT&#39;i&#39;cTf"in
91&#39;
gppesiion UQ__!l2E:tl!l1_l&#39;0G:5VQ;jn.&#39;:92Qllii
&#39;
Wf &#39;

&#39;.
"Thodictionariesdefine "anarchy"
as "o.bsoncof
erutter

disre rd of government;
lawlesscon1usi0n.nn:!
disorder; o

~&#39;eppesaion
-totheruleof4 Juprene
poser,_et_e,___
_
__

47s N

Themdanentnl
principleof all organizes
|;Ove.!&#39;11.&#39;?1e

sup:-one
Court
held
it to beonincontrovertible
principle
---&#39;
i hout shich it cannot exist, is Hie poser "to compel _ e

I
obedience
e

.
its -leIs""b1
mans of -phJ&#39;sien1_fnrcQ"._QZOrC1s9d

throughits official agents. SeeReDebs,l58U.S.5 9,682!.


Ihnt the anarchistopposes
andattemptsto abolish,thereont , " but
fore, is notmerely
thenone," govern:-1

the

thin"

v
$

L,which

is governmentthe authority on poserto compelobedience


to

10.11
which
is thefirstessential
ofall organised
evernnent--_

thepower
to govern.
Whether
he strikesat the ru e of s

supremePOIIBT by assassination of s single sovereign, or whether

he merely believes in depriving evegz sovereign ef

:3
O. vorn
; s._.&#39;:

the

over

su5]eet_
to exclusionfromthe UnitedStates.

5!

to

he is equally an anarohis ---and equally, if an alien,

__

&#39;
" Nothingis norocertainthanthat some smsrsxs
is at the ._

$2-n

head and front

of a

ersonal novenent

{the Einstein

Iar

esistersInternational
F&#39;TnH_!
assell asaffiliatedwithon
*53:1
1;~omznmist
groupTho
Iar Resistors
Int_om=,_1;1m;1!
-__
_
- _~}_Q
s .e_|_s_i
s law iittsa
55% ~, 1,
-;:
_e
FF
gi
_1:
o
ons
5!;
.
a$1&#39;Fit}!&#39;F7s%
r""
I ~ ins
*=1cad,maarohistio
ggdiviiua s stance"
to all organized
.52
1 Q&#39;

&#39;;*
..,

10

__ ___

tor his dc-root-sujeejz lhe _1i_1&#39;_1;O_1&#39;pi-&#39;.&#39;._1_92&#39


e_ in
_ __-___*____r______,
F6-.

92

governments that exist teday,th.c.t, to preserve their


require

gs

51;
so;-Ff
so

so
bl l5
:2"

neans of national
5

..

defense.

_.

s _ .

existence,
r

Nothingis nerecertain in lawthanthe principlethat a sane *

person

is pI&#39;0s1mOd
to intend

the neeossary consequences of

his om actsJ&#39;
The courts have frequently noterithnt

no _
the necessary conso-

quenee"
of permitting successful "individual resistance" to law
is to promoteanarchy and "utter confusion."
,

Thus, threel-quartersof a centuryago, the UnitedStates

SupremeCourt holr. that "g_qv_e_1"_r:i1_e::1:t_


could_exi s_t_
_onl1_in_
hang
if the professed doctrines of an inifvirinal, c-ontFar9*to z "

_;k;__:i_5
, I,;__n;&#39;:_;._l_:,,_a_s:;;_s,_-_;;__,;_;;
-"
..:; 4-.I:::;::;,:;;i_.:&#
n_-___
1?-_-o--V-V
Likewise, in t.1;:"ianguage*e!.&#39;
the 3n:>re=e"i-&#39;ui7$"0T&#39;i5i1IiIIF-W
H "___
s lvania

in

the

Robert

c1=~.:-1;case so:

---.- - ---i-n-

Po.521:

____
__

ii

*________;________
__,,_,__,__....,_,_...._-r--_-&#39;~

&#39;Q:::T_ii*f
"_=_92_,-I:-_$1_*{;7;i_&#39;ili1&#39;;&#39;qp1=;;1
in unn__
Yelogted"
1: individuals
,&#39;hooauie&#
=-":5"
____f_&#39;_
_ _vof superior edu.catien,o,ge,5r
E:onta&#39;1__resorvatien"
are to be
&#39;" " " &#39;
"7

~- .according-to
their
own
individual
beliefs,
etc.
Erma
m
&#39;
a nature.
cation
caseiin ditchtheprinciple
thatALBERT
_ &#39; &#

_____ u~________pemittod
to resist

or to nodity the laws oi 6so

- -":"*"

nnzsrsmandhis nffi iatos mostsoc to overthrow


by

""&#39;

. &#39;"

individealresistance,noly the powerof govorenent


to

defend its existence and enforce its laws


by

force oi arms,

1 __ .n

n=
.~___;__v____Uas
at
issue
as
s.
"fundamental
prinoip~lo"~-oi
the
United
~-States Constitution-L
A
.
-* - *3
_
_s _ . , .o
,-.&#39;z=-~
l.gain,&#39;
this
Einstein
theory
of
individual
opposition
to
&#39;+
33
92
thenestfundamental
principleof all or[;anIzod.1;ovo:-nnent,
E1117i
-w
02

:_j-._a.___- was__atissue
in

the Unitedtum;

Supreme
Court. p

the attitude

~.,. ,-5;-

..;".&#39;"
4-

The Court said:


&#39;
if

L "

jt_ho__ia_st
_patu.ralization;oaso.1_!p_ci_dod
-hy_~v~

v2,

&#39;

of this elai.-1o.nt...bo held in:1atoris.l-n

111,01-;=_pm=9211
oneline be amvmg Uponone-.ground
or
&#39;

&#39;
-In
>

Hlitinctlon
nay
we hereafter
rejectanother
applicant? T

-..&#39;.l&#39;hore
is no middle grolmdi I1 one qualirio-mien;-ethe&#39;
&#39;_
*1?

oath be allowed, the door is open for others, with

&#39;
&#39;=-

utterconfusion
astheprobable
final_rosult."_
{United
_
&#39;
Etates v.55u{;"HsClyde llaeintoshh
r
"
-p

One
orthe
dictionary
denitions
oranarchy
is-utter
ti &#3
"
5&#39;=-*
_
_

disregard
ofgovernment."
-

M !9 F.

"

h Z!

.-.

orgovernment"
than
hLBER&#39;I_EINS&#
inhis
appeals
tono.v_t4._ Whatanarchistor c_:on:aunist
has shovm
noroutter disregard92_;_"f5;

pi.---Q

individuals
to enlist withhimin 1110,-;a1
1-o=m==
neo,&#39;.to-. :~;,ig.&#39
governments?
"&#39;

their

&#39;
Another
dictionary
definition
oi
anarcmr
is
lawless
.
eontusion and disorder.
1
&#39;
H

Wfhat
&#39;a&#39;narchist&#39;"6r"EEii1nit
haspromoted
"lawless"

confusion and disorder" in as__ngny


diforcnt fields
as
ALBERT
EINBTEIN!
"
Vi l

"
_

.8v - "4

_&#39;.- ,4
"

COLDIUNIST
PROGRAM
FOR
"SHA&#39;ITEHIHG&#39;
THE
STATE
*

:3
F

The negation

of organized

religion,

tho abolition

oi-the

Churchas well as the State, are tundanontal objectives oi

goth ,_anarch_ists_andsc1:r~_.|,u._nigts.
See The State and Revolu-

tion, B1rugoiiiizrnn, OIT&#39;.92p3&#39;,4


and5!.
-

"&#39;

&#39;,

-._
Y

we

Contrary
to popular
opixmiorg,
His 4| no-difference
of

viewpoint
between
marsmstw -&#39;
__ Its ontheir _

. __

1"_";i&#39;f--.c&#39;.&#39;"-:=-Zoe
5,-e
o 92=no&#39;.sta1:o.
Tag!differs...-. &#39;
eny
c
f--e.
s
-ta no $1:
lwon
so
e

that
cannon
goal.
&#39;I15id;!
"anWe

..r
-n:
y_-.

"9d-4

What the I_!on;:sa1ists


ohlost to meng the ana.-ohists i-

that
"they

liar:

are not revolationagy


onojigh,
in the opinion-of
I
l

Engelsand onin, to hrganizoarnedrebellion to

"shatter
anddestroy
present
tomsoi gover-n:1ont,_
.

estahlz, for
a

..

&#39;&#39;

_- . -_.._

4_-f

"transitionperiod"
a
ruthless.Fdi&#39;ctatorIF
__&#39;
_.

ship of the proletariat" which, eventually, shall also


wither awn. 1."

&#

_&#39;
h

I&#39;bid.#.

- 1

mun says: "Wedo not at all disagree with the


&#39;

Anarchists on the question or the abolition


State as a _f_inal__:;i.~_r_1;"
Ibid.p:3&#39;2!.

of the
_

The Anarchist idea oi the abolition or the State it


muddled and 5g_r_:_1_~r_e!c5l3_1tion_.;Qj.T.It
is precisely the

Rovelution,in its rise


and
development,with its specific
problemsin relation to violence, authority, power and

the State, that the Anarchistsdo not wishto soo." Ibid-p.65!.

Likewise the official

Strategy

of the 0e::mznists&#39;
declares:

"The Genmmist International has never undervaluedthe


strength and the revolutionary

will

of the anarchists-and

syndiealists, whoare honestlyfighting for the ircedon

{W ,

&#39;

__

__ _ __ =..--__"_&#

uypvuu-.
LU
_I"BE1H&#39;|51G
ttl
IQC!-1591&#39;Que 315501,
1--g-l.s}&#39;?"
-57
7<21
-allillai
.tru.[;g&#39;les
and
especially
_ theRussian
~

_:_;i_.____=~~~-Revolution
i;-.s1d.e:t1onstrcte<".
that the ~e;e;;-essed
workers-c-__-_---~-~
.-

______
_..

@116peasants can overthrow the nastery oi the Bourgeoisie ~ -- -i-

only as a consciously 01"c_=92ni-Iw


clv-I8 --~------

----~~~~~-+~

-l_"I&#39;-Q-5
-?-_..- ---"&#39;Ihe&#39;-Cermunist
Party lmvvc -liht 0111711110"-161?-=92t!l311P
111&#39;
""-"".*7&#39;:"
1_s_.,_._
.._.. . the proletariat
can finally
Uh!-$6B1&#39;-310
P92&#39;9I&#39;
9-9 -511
- ~-----

-. ._-__-Y,-_--or-,i-,c.:--s
mapitalist

social order-&#39;92
5:-ategy of the 6e:&#39;1:ta.u1.ists,
~-7-_._
&#39;*o &#39;
official
&#39;
Letter-of
theCom-nmist
Inter-natienal,Au..2l,
~ tr

&#39;
.
.&#39; 1923, issued W Communist
Iorkers ?arty or U.S.A. .
_

The destruction and shattering

s Y_

of the bean-geeis" -State


--

_
Itobe
succeeded
bytheWiictatorshie
&#39;12
the3,-eletariat"
_ --=~_---~
i s
.&#39;.l...I.l._.;-;..&#39;Ihich
also rill final!-7 Hither awayJ is to
accomplished,

according
to Ila:-:,Engols
andLenin,
1:;first "shattering"
. -s
_ ; &#39;7

the bureaucratic an nilitarv n,c.o_1_1ln_g- .

Io nerely to hand
ever,

tron oneset of handsto another,_________

;*"-*&#39; "&#39;"the
1>ureauc:-atic and &#39;::ilitary_&#39;1achine.,,but
to shatter _i.t,__ly_

=.-

and it is this that is the relininary

?:n.

on_o any ~

realBeen
e _sev olutio n." ilil Eix, asquoted
byLenin!.=

I
.

T-4924Il@.d--921_-QJ~..._ -_-_A.A__
_
a:.n.|uu.92.avu.|.3 uz cur l192lUliJ.n{

Ilicelai

Lenin

himself

_ __.l.__._;1.. p____ -I._n


II . _.
Iii-G!1Ol&#39;l1i
IP01! A-_&#39;921L
IEPZ,

In theselords, to shatterensbureaucratic
andmilitary

machineryor the State,

Q_

a revolution.

_
-

.-

Is to be found, torsely expressed,

the5_pri_ncipel_tea_c_hing-;_p
llargisn
onthe
subject
ofthe
r" lens concerning the State, cing
the proletariat
in &#39;
4

The State
andRsvelutien,ByLenin,p-BB!._1._ _.-r_v

smsrsiu
men-rnouorsa
or "SIiATTER_ING"
racemes
I "&#39;
.
And dho is me aclmewlodged
world loader, "she,by direct

affiliation

with onnunist

and anorcho-corruunist organisa-

s &#39;

tions andgrunge,-andby his ownutmostpersonalerror!-.s;is*


doing nest to

shatter" the "Q1__lita nachine " for the


-

defense
oi theexistence
of governments,
ilch "shattering,"
is thepreliminary
condition
oranypeople&#39;s
Revolution",

according:
to Harx, and "the
j;&#39;1[1Qipn1_
t_ea5hi1-5131
Marxism
on "the"subJect,"accorf&#39;.inE
6&#39;Lenin&#39;!
*"

f &#39;
_.

.;

writ

revolution

with

so many anarcho-certmunfst

and ultimate

anarct-J,

condition

izTternatione.I

oi world

as .&#39;%LB"=.P92i
E1
H.

Thus whether Albert Einstein&#39;s


activities

"and affiliations

be judged from the very nature of government,or iron the


hmdanental

principles

of our Constitution

and the decisions

_the
ofour
courts,
or1&#39;ror1th_e_o_t1&#39;ic_ial
pr%g;ans
and
strateg
oi - "Ov-&#39;1&#39;1gn1stc"Ionselves,
Ansnrims EDInuitto regn.ed.as -

" &#39;-s h6a&#39;.rEh-p?oncter


ct the-shattering oi the State that is the

-"

sermon
duh-rhiit_nnd
Beurnmist
goal.
-q-w
_&#39;.&#39;
as cum-=cms&>s5<o",;&#39;*
Qniy
agcoaaa
Stalinhi-.sclf
&#39;

5
in
thvnumber
sad
vc&#39;riety_ei
i;;;q_idual_cnd
collective
&#39; ct *
7&#39;
"
efforts
he
loads
to
Fshattcr"
tho"nilita1-y
machinery
I. 3the State.
--.
-.
.
9 _&#39;_,
i
ALBERT
EINSTEIN haspromoted
"lawless
confusion
5
_;

up
,
_

_ *

ALBERT
zxusrzm
is
that leader.lietyeven
5-t_g_11g_h1?l_!O1f
,

is affiliated

groups to prenoto this preliminary

**

shatter" the Churchas well as the State---and to leave,


11&#39;
possible eventhe laws or nature andthe principles of

science in contusion and disorder" and subiect to revision with every new proclamation ct an "Einstein theory!"
s
i
Albert

Einstein

is not subject

to exclusion

from the United

states by reason ct his comic religion" in which he brushes


aside all organisedreligion in the nameoi "science" and ~

declaresthat "the only deeplyreligious peopleof our largely


age are the earnest non of research"---like
himself. See Einstein&#39;s
signer!article,N.Y.Tines,Nov.9,l93O!.
naterialistic

Ileitheris AlbertEinstein.
subject
to exclusion
byreason

of his frequently revised theory of relativity

which, even

i
&#39;7
5

- ignorantpuhlic &#39;he feeling that all sorta -f 1I.cgUp|7d

"scientific

hunnn
beliefs
were
toL, pset. See1&#39;4
.

nm BaseAgainst
Eins&#39;tein,By"ol.Arthnr
Im&#39;1e;sizes!---~s-_;r
Phi1ip

"""&#39;I"&#39;""eat Ihile Einstein


I&#39;01ig1mis-e92n&#39;"-relativity
-theories
..___
i;_q___
"
.
~ havenomorebearinguponhis adnissibilityto the United -pl?

___&#3

thantheyhave
practical
science,it and
should
=-=
"not
bu Statesone.-looked
thatupon
thisany
alien,
noreextensively
nore_______
__

otently than any other revoluticnist on earth-, prcnotes ~ I-&#39;&#39;-&#

Eoonrusiea
and
disorder
" doubt
and
disbelief,
and
advises, p.

advocates
or teaches
individual"resistance"
to all accepted
&#39;
authorities"so-t 1.-zsteg;
ti-.etherit hea ieeitionorjesoo
p
_
I or war,govern-92cnE
erreligien, nathsnatiss
or anthrolgy. _

--.-_;

Thoreforegthe
"_relativity&#39;
is:thisso-ch-anasch&#39;s
in?"influence
andactivities
thattend
to pronoto
confusion

an
. disregardof all authorities exceptEinstein in natters sf __.
"science" and "religion" is roll worth
noting

in connection

with
hisaffiliations
withAnarchist
and
6mm1ist
l,_
6 his admittedly
illegal efforts to arouseindiv

resistance
onthepartofall peoples
against
thenest

essential~

laws and principles

EIIISTEIIPS

In a letter

.I

s
organized- govern:-nent

O_

i
I
I

of the Iar Resistors

. -

consider I-xdmi Behwi-:nor&#39;s


stand of
great

I .

value and

deserving the support of all true hunanitarians.


World
peace, a crying necessity,
is not to be achieved unless

progressive forces refuse_to yield to

author-i_%Los,
controlled
byfactions,
vch shoul

&#39;

ILEERT EINSTEIN WROTE

spiritually

imI&#39;l"l&#39;El3LY
lLLEl3!Ll- PUBIQSE-S

to HeywoodBreun an officer

International]

I. .

of all

;;~__c

blic "

Hofeate.. Theseconvinced
oi this necessityshouldcon __

therebythey bring uponthemselves


a
conflict sith_l:;u_b1ic
author-it-.
A result
can be obtained
only 11&#39;
a large number
of
infiue_ntia1
_3p_ersonaiit_ies
have1ne&#39;no1-a1"s&#39;o1n%

cider it their duty publicly to uphold this conviction;

p such an attitude.

~
;|
l

. BM;

endan-ableiaondage.
la this si1:uation,.ton,_snch,_a_
re_cqurs_c.

.5

92

one

Freakchainswhich,thoughfounded
in lass, havegroin
into
-

bi

is revo u

onlythroggh
actsi
of relleliion
can1:5Tattered
individual

. 1
--:-ma

I5.
1

Such an attitu
o

is unavoidable. Credit is duo Mada.-:1


Schwirner for having

realized

this a.nd&#39;having
acted courageously in accordance

with her convictions." HeywoodB:-sun&#39;s


column,Sc:-ippgHowardnewspapers,-December
12,1950!. &#39;
_
p

On December 14,1950, Albert Einstein nado an address is;


"HesYork on &#39;lli1itant
Pacifism" which appears in The Ierld
l&#39;onorros,.Ta.nuary,l93l,
"translated by linden Rosika Schwi:ner."

.- -"Q

In

that

address,

Albert

Einstein

saidz.

Our
sezabstcii
istoQn92&#39;act---to
do&#39;&:r1ething..%
this
1
have two i&#39;l:t:=eeti.ns.
cf then I nlrearly on 1;;-19! ,92
and I-mar. pr:-.etir&#39;.?..
It&#39;
is "&#39;lV&#39;
aeisal
-to engage in war
"Ill! &#39;01.10-.--..-|c..i.......s-TI-&#39;Z.&#39;2"&#39;.-us.--..

----

:1
r

- "

..

"5
ox peace even in

-1

._
_

o t e i position
Itsaymshf-=i1=&#39;
ulssin tine

ceun ries shots:.

s comp

ry

&#39;
_nilito.ry
service.
In
other
countries,
iherelthge
iz no
should declare epon_y_ at hey

- - ..,._-_csuc1_1
service, pacifists

e &#39;11:
W
so P2::n%:";::,:*;:&#39
:;::"
idealall
over
the
world.
zin.or etimid
onesgirhe
MY
vr

oever.

Mat

a-v

cru

ft

i,

rose

_.

ewinnunr

.117

ans:er1:s??Ii&#39;-gnu:
=-g.-;E&#39;oyn2
percent
Of1&#39;-11
P5?-11-&#39;
_
ld to assert in tin!!! of Pence that 1&#39;-11!
-

tien

of

will

not fight,

the

sor

you will

have the solution _of all

inter-

a
as
2
national
troubles.
Even so> snn 11
p repertien
cent will
accomplish
the desired
result,
for they
not be put in jail.
There are not enough jails
tn
world to nocsrnodate
then.

per
could
the

"Tho
notional

=u{,&#39;_-fcstion
I
offer appearlegislation should he attuned to the i

e_
..

. _
Int-er=
that

those who declare themselves 0.3:&#39;921l&#39;l817


war should be allowed _
to take up some kind of difficult
or even dangerous
work
either
-.
gr,-u-! ~
5,; _,.
.2:

for

their

of nnnki.nd...I

country

feel

or for

confident

the

that

international

benefit

shoover adopts this


_

programwill eventually succeedin establishing intor__


isl-xtion either by
legal er ______
other netheds.I
nat i 1ons. 1op
____
___
_
3953:: all var resistors to organise and to internatinlll-800
,

_..

14

&#39; .J

&#39;._*

-1

,5 ._.....- 1.

7-7

__iW
&#39;-~- -&#39;--7- ----V.._
.. oI

MM W
Q. 7&#39;-&#39;1"i*5"%iTsa1p1-cccic:n>11=1mcer~ew-uciicncc
_-_
inc
u
- it nil at!
o_._,_,____H______ren
.or

-_;_

service
V p-- in

&#39;1_h;:_tever
tendsto
lesson

bear ax-as In te

case of
nook....-

e..

the &#39;iF1111n[f_nBBB
of
citizens to .

country&#39;s defense
detracts from the strength

-i
ions and
beliefs
on". safetof
the behavior
Governacnt.
_theird_rip_n
A_nr.
__
iniootino
nsposftion
to
fnrler

l &#39;as well as their

in the rfornanee
of
that Hut? are
Eimjects
of
inguig
a ar go number

under tie:
statutory provisions...for nor
of
citizens

ose such

defense, the

go-v! order

and

p_1==~1=p1n<=-=
0% the
11511=<=*&#39;
=~&#39;~=.=
.

---Q.

it siiinat

&#39;1.c1cn1cw~. um-:92Lm&#39;r~arnsrern4s
cppcsco to ;,+.1_;~___

this very
conception
of
a Just govern-aentas defined by
the
Buprcne Court; that his influence would ten to
detract
fron
the strength and safety of
the Govcirn*aen&#39;t,"
thatand
he is

&#39;_hinself
urges
oneothers,
in "militant" opposition
to such
&#39; *&#39;
"
- t-5.8-G13-1&#39;Bl_.I1l11
.I1Ont_l1__PI"1I1l_31P1D
Eefense as

of
our

the Sup-rone -our __

Constitution, and without which,50111 order


in the &#39;"

United States

"cannot long;

endure.

l-

Frau Schwinner,
however wont
to no such 1en&#39;-the
as

Alb.er tEinstein

.
in urging

. re&#39;5eIHin"
acts of
one "conflict"

with puhlic authorities, although


the Revolutionary Radicolim
.971 ,
declares
Report of
the
lieu York Log-islature,l920,vo1.1,p-zgo
-4.;

that the
first peace
novonent favorable
to Gemany, in 1914,
led in the United States by F1-an Schvrinner, "in reality
o.
German agent.
-,

was

ALBERT EINSTEIN---who
appnrentlz cannottalk En;_&#39;_lish--referrer! to Frau Schwisnor
as his saving angel"when she
translated his

&#39;1
92-

speech on "Militant Pacifism.

Tines,Dec.l5,l93O!. -

See NewYork

;&#39;A5""
Mi &#39;
"
f Einstein
&#39; for
tn-1 sthe cimpzc and affili R- ,_
But Albert
cu sp
tions of his
saving
angel in
his
om "militant
pacifisn_." p
women oemem eH.92Lm1oE or
Lmznxemq GREDULITY _

A1ic?t"t1te1=&#39;sTna
militant -pacifist!
n -prggagnnlh
an
A
I-and of
the
Geese-stop, Pocket-Battles
ps

from the

Roarnanent, on.in the pay of


the
salary with

the University

his engagement here! is


orculitys

ti P
Uh?is
he theplan
n,
United.

Englan. nnr.

in Berlin,

of
Berlin

his war
States,

olonerin; for

I117 new tolerate

is to

continue Iiuring

a challenge to
Ancriccn

official

resistance" doctrine
in toad
of
operating
s-

the German capital,

alike are

German Government
his

where
Government

roarnonentf

in
, at hone

and people

.,

the &#39;scienc0"
conouflago

of
Albert

Einstein any more than our Gnvernnenttolerated


the ttdiplomacy
&#39;
-to

csnouflae
of
Von
Papen,
boasted.
who o. in
captured
lo or
of
his
ski]. in
eutwitting these idiotic Yankees

his srlfe

ihilc operating

a sabotage s1s_t_q_n here


I5 II5T

1&#39;ines,Sept.22,l9l5,I:5!. _ _

-V

Seocifew Yer]:

In Senate
Docunent 1le.62,66th
Oon5rossYo1.2,po.r;e
1494
e. fezmer
Anhes&#39;sai&#39;.er__fon
cable
chistpernstorfs
8-Qmmu us
page
"u.s1v1;.1.u1Ig:
"Governucnl
"Z ~&#39;*:&#39;
,""
- .1;

-selves

.c the

Iusitanie case

to such

we have

strict17~eonIinod our-

propaganda as cannnt hurt

us ifit

becomes

known. The
solo exception
is perhaps
the peace
p" raga",
anda,

Lhichtaul
Q9?
f!&#39;_59_la%&:.s"tro.f_:92ount
whic aso s
hut
en
cnos
success
.
-------

-0001748

That cable showed the i:-nportanee of


peace

the United

States

to
a

foreign Government,

p&#39;rOpugt1.&#39;|1t.0."41n

in 1916.

Is it

any

less important today! AI.-BEBE


EINSTEIN is
the world leader of

the new

"militant pacifisn.

Ifalien

revolutionists, orforoign

Governssonts, were

overpowering us,
sorzaethihg night
be sail.in favor
or

the

hnissienof
Americanofficials
to their
schcnos
or wlhds
- But amen it is only n matter of
their
_g__92-jmittinus
to
furt or
su

ichenes
ct theexpense
of
our people to theinjury
s

fore [;n

of
our

Govern.-sent, 1&#39;11!
should any American and above all,

any American
official, let nliens succeed!
in nakin.&#39;suckers
of
Anericans"Has

President-elect Roosevelt

in another connection!.
4_-

c -1""; _.

once ?Iescri-EE It

- I 71-cl.-Q"I5?-_Yk_4n-I&#39;lQn--,,,a__
1;-92

W;;;&#39;;
: alci:ifsi,&#39;Z517-.f,"_
&#39;1&#39;?iI5i*&#39;6i1T$Tri1E&
<- .sERT:_sT:{sfrsls

_.o___e__
.in&#39;r1r-r<===_t@e..400
aim=1<=o.-e"&#39;v~e.=t@s&#39;fat .01-i<==92s=>f;-___l;..
._-si;;,_.-_
- -___;l&#39;
_e_-_
- Bo onementionedrolativ 1 ty...Hilitant
a_e._....
___,.._,.__.i..
-_-

I&#39;D
Ill

keynotolvi

opposition to ni1itar-

- ~

-~

:e_,__"!1t
is ray
conviction
thatthe.en1y__%a_
is actual
refusal __
_
_
_
of
nilitary
service,
he
min-!...T&#39;Eha
e__i:ro
oso
i_
ielle_:_;l,
_,.butihenever-a
Geverznent
r".e::ands1c11L*na
actions
fr-521*
sl

citizens

the? have a very real r gh to 222950 t_ and IO

&#39;1
"&#3

=Int921x>h&#39;1<&#39;!th<===!"
l
l s.
Eliselow York Tine!

&#39;1

article
by

November22,1931, carried
n

to the ssne otrest as the Einstein letter to Heywood


Broun, .e
by l"ratr*Roci1m
&#39;$ch92rirner,&#39;1
*"""--&#39

.1 -..-.-,.--.....,..-_-re
tho&#39;E&#39;instein"
speechtranslated
QI

;z..

the Einstein speech at Chicago.


-

.2}
-

In that signed article,

r*f_,____.
e_
_

&#39;
;* mct

signed

ALBERT
nxursm,entitled, The end to Peace
p

_ __

LI h_

Albert Binlteinsays:
-

&#39;~

Inc ms Iauld {ester the international outlookand_

"____-__

nilitary

s v-

-0 onbat- universal
service.
" national sahauvinicamast
1&#39;
&#39; -

His entire article

____;___-__-__e_

is along the lines already sot forth

in the letter and speechesquoted, and in this signed article,

Albert Einstein also advises and recommendsa book, entitled

Iar A:-nin Tomorrow,by dwig Bauer another Touten propagandist


for EHOEisarnaraentof everybodybut the Germansand the
Conmmists! which book, quoted in the sane issue oi the lies

i...

York Times, declares:

.&#39;

&#39;
Peace can only. he attained throu|~g.cEpglsion, and only
thus can the economic crisis be overcome. ore is a cure
or -&#39;7
&#39;1
t

- for our nalady.


It

is: i&#39;o_qgerco;1o_tl_1e__Stla;t;e...&#39;

Ihat noesAlbertEinsteinneancg his nilitant toms, .

advising, individuals and groupsto


t u1&#39;*11e
authorities
_

refuse to

ielg to

" to bring upon t&#39;EenseIvcs


a conflict ---

r-ith
blic
authcritzg"
that
this
"attitude
isrevoiutiona
~
.
a on
wy _l311_
actsof rchellionli--wi&#39;1&#39;i&#
E0saysare
I

unavoidable ---can the "?ettez?o&#39;i&#39;Tn&#39;Tiv:[d.ual"


break "chains"

that are "rounded in lows?


-

&#39;

Hliii&?i?*i2;5&#39;ii5*:6i-bi
adxising
&#39;2
percerYt"--lathe
eloss

r_3_i;_1o3-_i_y_rg;___a.gL1o
it mate
chnnqgs
in__[;_evern:aent
tgeuff
constitutionalmethods
anr4.p"IYiJ1caT"erganIzation---to
resist

and defy the laws oi their

What does he moan


by

govern.-acute!

c.oclari..n;;&#39;be1dly
What
I

re oso

is illc 1" amthatto "counteract"


national
dnuvim,

theynus%
combatuniversal
militaryservice?

Is it not obviousthat Einstein, in his careful choice of


-

J~

I54
I
,s

o
ii

words,__1;os.ns
sh-at
hesay;in
Elnin and
unmistakable
terns, _-=3
,that are not Hgures o spsoc at all, but the well known
of
Jqg-Gqg
-Qf-Q]|o-.LnarQI-$1-accomplish
the shattering er the 8tate
by

that liar: andLeninbothlheldthe g!telin_inar[_c_r1njition"ior


a communist

revolution?
-

ram: nosxmSCH9292&#39;I!&HER---EIIISTEIIUS
SAVINGwent"
Frau RosilcaSehwir1&#39;aer,1fhoso
stand Albert Einstein commends
in his letter to HeywoodBreun, and whotranslated his speech
on "Militant Pacifism," was the principal in the case of
United States Vtliesika Schwimer 79 U?S.649! in which the
United States SupremeCourt held her I&#39;i71_i1._ll?_f14O
t,o__Ar:e&#39;.;ienn
_g_iti_zenshiQ-

rovolutienanr
.

uprisings"
a s theWarResistors
International
contemplates}
v
andfirst of all, the&#39;=,hatter1ng_e_thB__11,LitrF
1&#39;19-eh!-2

In that decision, the Sup:-one


Gourtz-u1ed:&#39;
__

defendour Government
against all 0110:1105
whenever

&

m""I&#39;i:1at
it is the
duty

oi citizens
hy

force of armsto "H"


_

necesityarises
is a fundamental
principle
of
the Qdq?
1-, , Th

071.0 defense was one of the purposes

h1spegpio
oi:-gained
andestablished
the0Onsti,1 &#39;
- a
,.J

:1:.&#39;f._m1=
court,1,;theSelective
Draftlaw
0=mo=--|

ki - thr.nu!;
P-&#39;
Chief Jus
tiee Whiteitsaid thnt h___f
the we
spe-1.
I n;_
t no of a ust -overnnent
and s dutyto tg c tonu;
2-12n.r$_&#39;I$>:&#39;E:-i&#39;&#39;-2"1_L$"&#39;"3-?1#_"~T""
--_
1
_
,4,-*
--3 1 e.,.&#39;-.-_
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"_

3;.
. arse,

"_&#39;-4

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&#39;p_~--W,
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.r-

.--

..,

.
.

---

_ _ __

._&#39;; _ _,,, W.n, ._i,ii ,7,L7

Y_

..

Q13
&#39;
York Times significantly

_.

__92-i_,n__._.____;i-_..inn ,.._.__I;_

_.

._

_- .n

_._-_i o

,-A-.!.....-.-....____._.i..____
H

described the event in the


-

- ;_
--

7 _
J -_-_tl1n&#39;1nc
2.
_"._&#39;
. . ._;iW , ;,&#39;
"&#39;.
""&#39;_.&#39;I__"
&#39; -&#39;-_.&#
,1_,mj;;:;;;1i_;__"sms1-Emenemas nun:
&#39;
B! vzsn"
&#39; -&#39;
.&#39;
.
.~
--

- --

t-

Io

United

92

---

sill

be tar

States

-- --

- n..!&#39;_1no|,aos.1s,1ose!.
-

no:-e "oarieho

" it

allowed

his semi-permanent hone anglhis

to nako tho

heaquartcrs

tor the ilissonination at his "s1mttorin4; propaganda against


the Church, the State, and oven against the known lass e__

_,,,,,, __,1:|atn:re, /,__,________>_&#39;


s_"_&#39;_,_>__&#39;;.,__..___._,,:
.,;,,.;.____.:_,____
&#39;_;__._,_
_ _.3; _iT&#39;_&#39;I&#39;7*l-7"-&

&#39;

IDRE REVOLUTIOIMRYAFFILIATIOHS 1HAlI&#39;81LII


QR IROTZEI

AALBERT
EINSTEDI,
as1-ovimuly
shown,
is atfiliatet!withnere
anarchist
andeenmmis
EPOI-lps
thanJoseph
8-talin
hinseli&#39;---as

Einstein

is affiliated

I th the Communist Intornatienai

1!.mi__thp"&#39;1&#39

e*""_Soiriet "Union through its affiliated


subsidiary organisations,
om. in a.-92_.itien,is affiliated
with certain anarchist and
eoznunist 5&#39;!01.1ps
in the War Rosistorsilaternatienal
that are
nah slits:-92ssl:92&#39;r
Anna I-A Q-I-a"&#39;rv92"7t1q-|s|n:1T
7 7&#39;J
7
92-II &#39;-d-ovvrd-J
vyvu

vv I-In-Al-4-n 044...-|0v?5s

-Also, IEONTROTZKY,
an esipollevi.former loader oi the Soviet

Union--5-she
is also !&#39;0pOI."l;0g
in the press to plan
a
United State as
a

visit
to

the

teacher ---has at present, so tar as lmesn,

go
&#39;r1&#39;.ire%;:u
affiliations
with
theGonnunist
International
and
tho
oet
on Ihi1e.ALEER_&#39;1&#39;
EINSTEIN is a no-saber oi several
;

Qenmmist
oranisations
under
lessor
nanagonent,
notably
tho

&#39;11:;-1-92.
Aa%:tuIr:ill.i;:
II? against
eivil
a or Cilia:-xittee
a
war
on.
-.q
a
s"II""

:11;:i11-wee.
with
the"&#39;l|&#39;erkers
International
ne_::&#39;
ii;-ii;
&#39;
C&#39;s

Therefore

it

in the taco oi
these

Iaets and this record, ii...

ALBERT
EDlSTINis ivena passport
visa, uponshatinto re-

tienoi thelaworghofacts,thereafter,
oanIEO}!
TROTZZ
be92
excluded 1&#39;1-on
admissionto the Tlitea. States!
-

It the nest recent decisions of eurA!&#39;eg&#39;lera1eoourts,&#39;


in__t11q____

&#39;-"&#39;-&#39;!okinon&#39;an".
Kaareases,noonanything?
andit the Anorioan -

principle or equality hetero the ;law neans _anythin;;, the


nest eninent and an"-oreus alien novolutionary
a
gitater,
such

_ wxn

-mower,can
he

kept out oi en.

country under the sane law that enabled the Governnont to

deport tese esovre, Las..|g~.iioant


and"anknesa
radicals,

"611!!!

Ykinen,

and Hiols Kjar---one

of ihon had been

trontheOonnunist
Party,andtheother
a
nenbor
of
ra".e Union Unity League!

In the Yexnrzn case; oesioea vs the United 8tates Circuit


tom

of Am all

for thosooond

Girouit,

which ease the United

States SupremeCourt refused to review only a tow seeks ago,


&#39;

the Court. said:

--

._

"I&#39;e
areurged
toameliorate
thesugposed
harshness
ofthe &#39;

gttllt :7 _t;0a".inf,_into
it 1:,-1li|:_
tat C0515-_:_-_e_ss
saw
tit to
-

_oov_q 9u__...._
-

-"1: the lords user!in -the statuteiere equivocalor&#39;the

intention of Congressfor any reason uncertain


there

he roan tor

such
o

oenstruotien

as that

for which the

night
-

01131112
nosBOntOn Pp8
&#39;.8.
17110
f g1j_f.,o_._

1&#39;.-!T_1&#39;~}_=_
-2&#39;-_
arrest to
f l lthe criterion I-it would vo said so; It has
he
_&#39; p0&#39;
or
to
otemine shat aets of on 011011
011811
1i81l11!19-3
-

111; right to remain here. What it did do, was to make the

not oi becoming
a
neabor a deport-ableoffense without
.___ regard to continuation or nonborshipand it vii. that

3
_
._1_a_
1nn1:.92w-B9
so
v1n1,==__#h9Lvp1s
nttsvrt
=2
I&#39;v===~[
@121!

neanin. is_nns_,1oasthan n E,

~.$ ,1!921?1913
*3!
1!

:itse1?E"&#39;1Unito.
States
v.You:?nP-37odor"?
The statute to men the Oourtl:-o1&#39;erro<&#39;!
is the Alien _

Exclusion and Deportation an 00.1-$&#39;7,&#39;l&#39;itle


e,1J-8-code!
s
the sane statute,

that applies the sane tests,

in the sens

gm;-n&#39;i,&#39;
for the exclusion as tor the dggortatien of eertain
classes

or aliens.

Io ask ust am
e

al_on1&#39;oroenent&#39;oi&#39;
this mandatory
lave -1.---

Io ask
.reut_i1o15&#39;__1fLeneroenent
"irros
eo&#39;tive
qt omens"--..
I
the
eldest
prineipie
of
lustfeo
HT.-.t_
_f:&#39;-&#39;on_tFo
oo5_o__
~&#39;-_1T___
___ Ban-Jurabi
an?!Hoses to the codesor Napoleonan":rreasrissd
thn G-nnnI:-l&#39;l_al
been insisted unonby I111SP0?-91-""E9~kr&#39;
m
."

. ._..

_ __

. . 1-Q32:-_"-.&#39;""&#39;
~_-&#39;
--.3-.--Li".i?._92_a_

,;~;-1;. ._
..__,_%;-?;i1;.;_-.,fi,n_?;.i
-*_-"
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u-, __
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-_f_-I &#39;" "

..I _ _&#39;..--9,.
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---. ___.~
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~J

&#39;7"
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_______ _, - ,-~.- --- ~-~


"
. __ *.. i-- J H ___ _IL,,____.=.--,-_-,-=_;=_~i-:
- -=-_-&#39;_.
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-- . . -_.._-A .
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_41 mi _ ___
. _. =9;-_92_., __,,&#39;._.~..
-&#39; 7- -_
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1 _.._,? _L _;______,.;,.

"_&#39;_""&#39;_-1.-4.

s;_"@u@1a@"-1.

--|-p
<3-

_The statute itsslils Pin

""&#39;;&#39;"""":""_

ac-. ,___:_g__a
s. 1
.- - *"""stten_ __g___
n___any
&#39;:thc.r__!_1e=L111I_1
no ices jhm
is an

.:;_ a=_*=.<==_=.2L.2.ai=nm&#39;.211.
*T the Tau - 35.25-.
II.__._-c-_.n.

5-enu

--.

--

:92pjJ.l.15&#39;G1D11
OI UBO
statute

"&#39;
" "

$0 AIEEHT -ll-&#39;

--H-*&#39;&#39;

;:_____
plain
thatan! ,$D2jpt_._tfL.1&#39;iIO:3pt
-this 3&#39;-e!11to1&#39;1-t";
- "in __--so
respect
~.-~"*therererfe"155wertu1
dangerous---alien
an".
from
the provisions
&#39;
of
"lair 1&#39;0;-2:
so recently
enforcer. in
the obscure
Yekinen
and
Kjar
unjust
construed
be
as
arbitrary
special raver
granted
&#39;
orcases,&#39;nust
persons"
or
inantear
oi "influential
personalities

L. {as

Einstein calls himself! onethis is the worst and nest


ct nullifioatien

if.-mi tte
to

rIt

or int.

Congress had
intended ."eninent"aliens who
are

members -

oi or affiliated with
Anarchist anr! Gonnun int grmips
to be
the Unitoei Etates, it
would have
said
so. It
undo

-1-

no
such

exemption in the nnnate;-y law,

such
exemption

in its

just enforcement."

and them

can be

no

In conclusion, in this crisis, where


are organicing hunger marches anon;-;the"rank and Gonmmists
i&#39;i1o" micals, and
arriliate. cut-sif!izer!.&#39;Connunist.er;;anica
tions nnsr . ". dozens "of"

_-

..

_ renlist
by

different alias titles, to r_.cceivc,it possible,even theelect


by the sane Fovicethat criminals onpy1o to
cl ova ee th police

"frequently
changing
names"
as Lenin
once
the "
ni
t
e non

n.v1s0d*! to

in revolutionary work, andto escapethe

6GI::"92i&#39;|{1@&#39;ij"__6f
~bs&#39;
Governnontmffisiois
&#39;CO!3::1i:1i1F?:r[&#3
ceiling

&#39; ti-ans
saaething else---what
shall it profit America
to get rir!

|or
- if

the obscure
Yokinen ane
Kjar, byorders or
Federal courts,

ALBERT EINSTEIN---an".
later
Leon

TROTZICY---are be
to

,Mnitte. in their stead tobroadcast and


teach
here,
the
. "shattering" of aur Government, the
desertion and
treason to
. the
Enitod Statesin tine of
war, and individualresistance
; 2
mass resistance"
to the basic dutiesor American
citizenship in tine or

.
"TH

peace. _

A-Mn,

Ii; Jul!
oi
ll
e11
not

;####;.-tn

I-At
the
21! Cong:-ess192oi
the Communist
International
Ioscoi,
at
19,192O,IIieo1a announced
his program
for _"thoreplasenent
the oldleaders by
Communists_a11
in toms
-or organizations

only political, but also induitrial, "zqopci-4-;t1voand<>&#39;=Ic1=

tional, and
,!h;o_re_ necessary,
_i&#39;rop192:lent1_._}r*_,,chrua{;i_
."

ll
19

1., Qb_b

as
ii

mess some
emsrnnvs Jmnncnxsrie
oocn=:ne:s.W
is
signiIt
ficant
that
a
m_1nper_ei&#39;
American
newspaper
editors,"
in
ce..."&#39;:ent=
2&#39;3,
"so
ing uponEinstoins nilitsnt pacifist? observe-1its cennon
sense
moaning
as ananarchist doctrine,without ta-ki up,er
-Napparen
Yconsulting, the terns of
the statute and11:"-lg
0.
{I1

is:
.

S5

decisions of the courts here cited to showanarohistie &#39;

5octiines and affiliation;


in arggi,-$1
sense,contenplato
as
H_&#39;u n % .&#39;B@
""*?__?-75H1=-"" &#39;

*5 : ~Ehrsnicle
&#39;c1e:!mentod
-that
it"se=o=*"*
1*--"&#39;1*P*
&#39;"""
1514-r
"
I.
-._,,..-..-_-..
~--&#39;i&#39;{11"
a.?Z?%i1."<s3=%,1-~"I!*>&#39;*
&#39;
Em
"sm~.vo=-$0.19!
wee
i
-3
if
B1
. es
-- &#39; "
_
|.
"52 .

:_ gm;
Q1;
am". -Record.
~Dee.19,19I5O,entit1od
.elitoria1
an
. . ggtgqlgg
stoin&#39;s &#39;niiitant
position---not his
1-511,-;1-oi "J
1Healing with Bin
views----thus: I

.- ._.,

-- /-.1..... . g

I 7*-c&#39;,_i_

sEINSTEIN.enew
an ANARCHIS_T?"- 1-~ ".-

.-

. -&#39;
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IR. Roach has learned
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the American lmbassador at lbseow sent e report
to
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<1
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sqviet
Union.
This
invitation,
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.

regarding an invitation extendedto Professor Einstein to imigrste

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SovietUnionp/
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Professor Kepitsa, under the direction oi the


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Soviet Union. Kapitsastated "in a land or true democracy,


tree from seliieh
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questionsin substance
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Jewish scientific
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outstanding contribution to medicine not elected to the

recently
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ii
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.e
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learned
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for checl-zinc
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EMI_R_ElI__Y
COMMITTEE
ofATOMIC
SCIENTISTS
Room

28, 90 NASSAU Srnsar

Fnlncnrou,

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|5 &#39;.LI,&#39;..;,,,,,,,_l_____."_Tl0..

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ll

LLBIRT IHISTKII
Cidrna
ILBOLD C. Jig!
Vin-Cbdrwa
HANS 1. BETH]
HLRBISOX IBOWH
T. IL 50611188
P""&#39;n1-I-l-r""
i. H6355
LINUS PAULING
IREDIRICI II-I&#39;ll
LID IZILABD
Y. I. WEIBGKOPI

I,
BO

il
ii

Dear

iisw

__

Issssv

January 10, 1948

__._- _-._ iii

0,-

_,_-

Friend:

I write to you out of a feeling of grave concern,


which
I
believe you share.
I
em convincedthat if the present bitterness continues to dominate international

relations
we

Ie can not count on the prestige

nation tobring

face catastrophe.
or strength of any single

about international stability.

The
power

that one

country possesses today, tomorrow will belong also to others.


Industrial
installations.
however complex, can be duplicated; inventive ingenuity
and economic resources can be exploited under other systems of government.

So lorg as international relations are determinedby rival national sovereignties,

the threat of atom" Isr will remain.


?,

"&#39;""** Is scientists beli.-~.:&#39;onat


1&#39;
clear and widespread understanding
of the roots and implications of the atomic discoveries is indispensable
to e. reasonable
public
stand on questions of international politics.

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the our:-ant Ira. IINSTEIN in the

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dated
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1-11
is.1949
had
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ALB1!1i!Il,EgHS1&#39;lI1!,
u advising
the
son
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presently
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Union

that

hostage to
force

is made to a letter

M1-if rxnswrm

in

was afraid

that

office

to the Birector

her Jon in Russia light

be held es a

someparticular action on the part of Professor IIHSTIIH.

In connection

federal District

from the Ioe irrel"

with

this

information,

the records

of the clerk

of the

Court at Trenton were reviewed for backgroundinformation oonoernp

Professor EINSTEIN and his family.

Iaturalizetione

at this office

reflected

nae.lu.D::.|.|:...|.
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Win

June 3, 1935,
He arrived on the B, S, Queen of Bermuda. Hie Declaration
of
&#39;
Intention
Ho. 1442 was dated January 15, 1936.
At that tine he listed his addreee

i .

as 112MercerStreet, Princeton,NewJersey;his ageas 56: andstatedthat he was

~&#39;

horn in Ulm, Germany on March 14, 1879,

~_ *"?

ProfessorEINSTEINwasmarried on
April

The records further

reflected

that

6, 191?at Berlin, Germanyto"!_L&#39;5i""&#39;*&


&#39;

&#39;
Q EIRS&#39;I"P.-IN,
who
vae
born
inHechingey,
Germany
on
January
18,
1877.
This
declarati
,4;j declaration
EINSTEIN
who
was
born
Hey
14,
1905,
and
]J92|J.l-v!921:.!I]sTSP1
born
June
28,1910.
I.&#39
* further ctatcdtha&#39;t"5th
conerare-....rr.prior to Prefer--or!I.92IS1_",__I":
3

92

r&#39;

-..
&#39;

also

reflected

that

Professor
EINSTEIN

bad t

mrriage to ELSAEIESTEIH.

children

at this

tine;

one, ALBERT

_I

APetitionfofrNaturalization
Io. 1:009
wasdated
June
251940andin

this petition FrofessorEINSTEINstated that his sonALBERT


IINSTIFHnowresided
in Greenville,
South Carolina.
In addition, the petition for na@alization
ected t
.t ELSA EINSTEIN had died in approximately 1938.
Gertifioate

of Naturalization

re-

Ho, 5013865 was issued October 1, 1940

&#39; &#39; to Profeeeor EIHSTEILL The ritneeeee to the mtmrralitetion eere l;_r_i_.I_l!!;A_T___

and
hiewifer?EQA,
who
resided
at
5 East
Seventy-sixth
Sreet,"IYork
&#39;
Cit
.
The
naturl
ation
records
further
reflected
that
}U92RGO&#3
[1545-"
!925{IAHOFF,
wife&#39;5_D,I
E111,
born
December
3,1899
atBerlin,
we.mturized
the
same
time
ae
Prugeseor
IIITSTEIN.
HEIENEIPJUKAS,
born
October
17,96
at
_at
lrieburg,~ Germany,was also naturalized at t e sometime as Professor IIHSTIIH.

HELENE
DUKAS
wae
listed
asa secretary
and
I-Ire.
IURIAKOFF
allaeculptor:
both
&#39;

l1

Sr
58
52

giving 112 Mercer Street, Princeton, NewJersey as their addreee and both having
the eamevitneeeee to heir naturalization. pH:-e.&#39;
F.ARI.ANO!I"e
naturalization

indicated
thatDI!-!I&#39;l?lilf!-&#39;_-92i1lIi1I0!.J_!&#39;
ttae
born
January
l, 1889
atVeinitre
orVenitr-at
Russia
and
was
marrieduovemher
29,
1930
to
MARGOT
EINSTEIN
inBerlin.

s Loolngeles
00.

:"
Iii.

F_

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Ta

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100-32936

In View
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IIISTIIIUI on
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the
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University en his reeidenoo on the oempue atPrinceton. no further investigieoontenpleted et


the
present time concerning Profeeeor 1183!!!! or his
and the

ebove feote

ere
being

furnished for

your information.

--

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Freported to the
Phoenix
on
Februazry
0:Ef1ce
10, 1950,
=at as
a

r_-

result
of

the trial

of ALGER

FISS

5.!-*1d_E9E91111{1E Q11

might be used for


the
as an
undesirable

I4

denaturalitzation and

__,-_-_-_

alien &#39;

advised that
in
the late 1920&#39;s
or
early 193O&#39;s I

Whose ess
tory as

.-Q .-;
~

.!
.

California, had

was obtainedfrom
the

e a e

m ab

.1

Loeln gglephone
"--= <
,1.05Kngeles
_an unidentified

married couple who were


close-friends
of his had become involved in
an
argument when one of the couple eibh_er the husband or
fghe
Wife found out that the other
was
&.comnunist one had secretly

&#39;
_
._

been meeting
with Dr.ALBERI EINSTEIN
in
the couQ}e&#39;s
at
e, home _
Los Anggles.
EIIISTL;-IEalleged
was tobe apersonal Qourier
from92

Con~.n~.unist Headquarters
rarty
relaying
messagi-1= o1&#39;_zt}j
to selected _Q ~__
sources
throughout

the_Uniteu_ States

conceininj 91:/oftant

in.forma-&#39;- 7

tion
being
distributed
theby
Cozr.munis*92a{art3&#
messages
of too great importance
-to betrusts-d$t.e&#39;roug
mails, tele&#39;92}&#
the
---9292t
telegraph
other
means
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of
coxtmzunicetio
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for
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la]/.
I3I..3l.~,I192.
axtrusted
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was igleeted
as
the personal
--$1, &#
courier for the I8i&#39;:,&#39;&#39;
1"

, mated

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to-Q5i own
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Director,

FBI

_ _,

.. ..o

February 10, 1950 -

-1
&#39;g
&#39;-,:f&#39;
s prepared set of commentsis as 0110"-us:
_ _ __&#39;_
--. :1 ___..,;__ ,5
,_1,_,._;_&#39;__&#39;.:_,&#39;_
;
" &#39;_
_- ., ,> &#39;._
&#39;,&#39;,,*L,-92m.._&#39;
;_...;;,
. .-

" "

-1-.
-3-"
e

=,

-&#39;_,
Einstein.

*2 - - is"

-Ibatabout his?
~-

Dr; Nikola &#39;Iesls;"The


Einstein

Dr. Chas. Lane Poor,

theory

*-1.1.-1&#39;-.~.~

in many respects

Columbia University!;

._ _

",&#39;"ne
snpposed astrohomical proofs

of the thee;-y,ae cited and claimed by tlnstei._r=


do

.--;

W
-

is erroneous"

exist.

Prof. ThomasJefferson See; Einstein is neither astronomer, mathematician i


nor physicist.
-He is a confusionist.
The Einstein theory is a fallacy.
The

,._._

theory that either does


no
exist, and that.-gravity
is not a force, but a
property of space can only be described as a crazy vagary, 1 disgrace to our

age.
Prof.

Dayton C, Killer;

on his experiments
I-__,_______
*5

-.0
i

lectured before the ?v&#39;estern


3ociety of Engineers

in complete
refute

ion of the Einstein

__ Dr. Arthur lynch; "The Case Against Einstein".

analysis

of the mathematical

and philosophical

fallacies

of Einstein

and

.-ii.
ficard,
Henry
Poincare,
&#39; _ A~1&#39; 1_,_

-I

E. Paul Painlove, Le Roux, and the Italians

cci. and
-nevi

Civita

most to develop the mathematicsused by the elativists.


&#39;

a technical

Bhdlfs the -folloTing&#39;noteo*inathenatieims


3iiI_ :fi?.ii_?-"" *_&#39;
&#39;_
7&#39;=-if I ".*?-"7
"

G. Darboux, i_92obel
Prize for Lathematicsl
"

theory.

- English Scientist}

who did

y_ f ___ i_
&#39;,_ ,___&#39;_
_____

7&#39;

I " T11:-;"Lynch&#39;in&#39;
ai1al&#39;y2i&#39;i1g"-ithsteiiftTfbry_{Tt
,
:|_I cast my eye over the "W
whole course of science I behold instances of false science, even more
j*IeLen .lUUS and popular than that oi" Einstein,
gradually fading into
inepbitude under the searchlight;
and I have no doubt that there will be

g-3new generation whowill look with scarier em amazement,d%w th.aa..==&#39;-&#39


accompanyEinstein,

at our galaaw of thinkers,

men of science, popular

&#39;_
J

critics, authoritiveprofessors
andwritty dramatists,whohavebeen.:_
satisfied

Iak

$5
36
37

to waive their

00m.on sense in viev: of E.instein"&#39;s&#39;.


of llacies".

T""hezibership
of Einstein
in pveral
subversive
orgiii tione"i~;ou__l_d
4351-,

his entry

illegal.

V;

&#39;-

Such as; War Resistors International.


Communist Congress at Eoscour.

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International Committee
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&#39;

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"U. S. Immigration Mt oi Feby 5th. 1917 completely covers the matter."

.;y

9292
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5931361:

,:

!&#39;e&#39;brua:&#39;y921
5. 1950

-.&

PRGFES$OR ALBH1T EINSTEIN

Pursuant
toyour
request,
there
isattached
herego
asummary
of

the pertinent
mdividueli

information

contained in the Bureau les

This summary reflects

an

follovring

on the captioned

high hghts:
&#39;

--&#39;-

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Blcxsnolmm
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_
_&#39;Einstein was born Marchlh, 1879, in Germany. In December,
a
9117,he made the following
"rest, greet freedom which
I

_7__

statement: I cameto America because of &#39;h


heard existed in this country.
I
madea

gistaks in selectingAmericaas
a land of freedom,a mistake
I
cannot
*

repair in the balance of nor life."


He is one of the most eminent scientists
A .QI"+.&#39;!.P
" &#39; He received
es
1&#39; in Germans
the world today.
hi formal education
Ens
..... ..-..- _

-&#39;
in

&#39;1
land.
In1905,
hestated
themight
ma
5 be foundgy
-Wradio
&#39;
that proof of this equivalence
by the studyof
ts

and ener

were equivalent

-L
..

and suggest

active 4,-4/-/

,__,
F: substances. D1 1939, Alexander Sacks talked to President Roosevelt and

E-,1
{.1
presented
aletter
from
Einstein
resulting
intheoriginal
grant
or
$6,000
92,,/{y

=:-&#39;=-~-{or-the
aw andNavywhichmoney
waslater snowballed
into $2,ooo,ooo,ooo
_lyg1Li.=._/_.
as
c

"

and the atomic bomb. He was offered an opportunity to go to Russia but did

not do
so.

Einstein has never been granted


a
District
-

OnFebruary13, 1950, the AtomicEnergyCommission


advisedthat

formal clearance by the Lianhattan Engineer

Trhich means that

he es never investigated
by E
and that no formal.
&#39;
clearance
was ever granted t o Einstein by the Atomic Energy Commission which
means that the AEC has never requested the FBI to conduct an investigation
as

____92

required
under
theAtomic
Margy
Act.No
Bureau
investigation
has
ever
been
J I _a
condnted on him, he is, and has been e professor of mathematics at the
Institute for Advanced
Studies at Princeton University.
I

"-

"

i _&#39;

:ncnuwirIous=

_
pS-

The
Bureau
filesreflect
that
Einstein
isaffiliated
insome
Trayt Q

or another with at least 33 organizations that have been cited by the Attorney
General, the HouseCozmnitteeon Un-American Activities,
or the California
&#39;
House committee on Un--American Activities.

He is also affiliated

in one way

or M-other with =pro.&#39;lJ_n1.ate1y


5Q mscelleneous organisations which have not

3 above-mentioned.
Heis principallya pacist
_
&#39;,dbgenucited
g ould
bby Zn&#39;o
d the
ed
alib a1think
a
indetaby
_

ifTJillthcthe
va:&#39;i?23.s1?S]o
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onnections

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QF_11>E<>I~<>@I<=AL
5Y1-51*92TH11&#39;
t @153:
31"
I{,J41;$
Einstein
has
made
public
statementsthescionloachieve92

: 1

S9Q_
60
51 .
62

ments
of Russia.
andhasindicatedthat it &#39;.:,s;_;1e.onJ.y
countryin which
equality
92
r
t
|&#39; &#39; " " " ""--"&#39;m tarism and ur"e&#39;ersaJ.
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&#39;

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11-sac
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world
gov
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Hhe
indicated
theto
Polish
ambassador
the
United
that
Statesno
longer
was
a tree country and that his
activities were
caremjliy scrutinized.
He was
ll e sponsor of acommittee to defend the rights
Ch February 12, 1950, by
transcription
banning all violence among nations to

39

oi the 12 Communist leaders.


over HBC network, Einstein advocated
preclude general annihilation" of

mankind.

omwesnewmus ,

..

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bLb7D
nscmimnous

56
57

58

Einstein was

one of many distinguished

Germans who
lent

_&#39;Lii

their &#39;

and prestige to German Communistsprior


to
the rise of Hitler.
19:10, the Arnv declined to clear Einstein in connection with the limited
1 1d of study
for
which his services were needed" after the Navy had given
its sent.
sinstein publicly
declared, in 19117, that the only real party
in Fr
e with asolid
organization and a precise program was the Communist
Party. May,
l9h8, he and I10 former Nazi research brain trusters" held
asecret m
ting
to observe anew been of light secret
weapon which could

3.

K
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l

,...

-"

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9H

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eotce Menotgnd
m UNITED
sTAi!Es
covsnsnn
#TO

IIOI

iir. H. B. Fletcher

DATE:
February13, 1950

Y.P.ha *h"

_A

H11
nine-ram CU

It

|- HZ
AL

3?;

an-__,,__

Pursuant to your request, there


is
of

information

on Professor

Albert

ggcxcscgg
&#39;

contained h

ina

summary

""&#39;-r

Einstein.
-

t9&#39;

&#39;
-

_-ii--i-1
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ll!
92.I&#39;ll1.[1ye____
I1_B_{IE5

enmarriedtwiceandhissecond
wife diedin 1936.ll-1e
cametothe
ted

States in 1933, and was naturalized

on October
l,

1940. In December,

3 ,0 cause
4&#39;7,
itofwas
reported
thatEinstein
ttated
th&#39;e
following:
I came
toAmerica
_1the great, great, freedom which
I
heard existed in this country.
Z

r _

made mi??? .1? sales?"-ias 5"-?I&#39;5;9*._!le__l-l11i3._>s_reed9m,_armista.ke


.In.ca.nn01;.__.___.....
pair In the balance of my life."
&#39;

"Professor
Einsteinreceived
his for-mleducation
in Germany
and
in
lac-nl

. .....-n....
&#39;l&#39;.v.sa&#39;r~&#39;|n1I&#39;.|-I&#39; -as-..u
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.14, Innnns-unv--1-r
as92.uJlJ,|,;J |-I..--Q.$5,373;

tations

which

are being

set

out as an attachment

to this

gig

memorandum.

According
to theSmyth
Reportain
Atomic
Energy,
Einstein,asearly

s 1905, stated that mass and energy were equivalent and suggested that proof
of this equivalence might be found by the study of radio active substances.

55

gin July,
1939,

Einsteinanda nmnber
of otherscientistswentto Alexander
9 9 &#39;

sacks of New York, the latter being a friend


&#39;56Sacks
talked to President Roosevelt and also
51 ,
The President took action by granting
$6,000

58 ;
59

so
51

3,92
v=:

of President Roosevelt.
That fall
presented
a
letter
from Eistein.

for the .L&#39;m},=&#39;


and Easy in the
Spring of 1.940. This was the moneythat American Scientists snolyballed into

$2,000,00
,000

and the atomic bomb.


&#39;

sow
s

ieo

Szilard

we.

Ieo
S

itz

~
who was a USN

-.

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1-92_;&#39;-1;;-,

- -w~~-~~-~--~ ~~-+~------W * -----~-- ---vs*~"~&#39;----ta"? "&#39;7;-*.

T f1,
Department
State
advised
of
an
official
of
the
Doreen
.1
ii;
tin
:
hi
September, 1946,that the Anerican Ambassador
st Hoscowhad sent areport

Ato the Department


of State
regarding
invitation
an
to
Drofesso
extend
&#39
linstein to

- official
7

emigrate to the Soviet Union. The invitation, although


in nature, was in fact extended to Idnstein by Drofessor Iapitss.
Einstein acknowledged the letter
by
replying
by e, personal letter
to Stalin
Professor Ia-pitsa, under the direction of
the Soviet Government, wrote s
letter to
Einstein inviting
him to cone and work in the Soviet Union stating
that, In
s. lend of true democrat-7, free from selfish taint, where
they _
could pursue their scientific
research nnhampered by restrictions
imposed

capitalistic
-&#39; 92l by
Y

reply he

society is where hedesired Einstein to work;

eqressod appreciation

of the offer but

stated that

In Iinstein&#39;s
before he ceval

&#39;%"
consider
he tmrkers
have
would
ahk
questions.
several
questions
These
3 I! d
92Q/
Qjxk
and
research
anditwhy
wereto
certain
Jewish professors
of nedicsl
science
M
.1
with shy Jewish scientists
were not
permitted
to hold prominent posts; Ill! &#39;92
were apparently unnecessary obstacles placed in the way of Jewish scientists

not elected
to the originally created
Medical Academy.
Molotov denied the
truth of
Einstein&#39;s allegations and again extended an invitation for
Einstein

to come to the USSR. It was reported that upon receipt of


linstein, I-lolotov
directed the Ministry of
Internal Affairs

for anti-semitism.

investigate, which resulted in certain nigh Soviet officials


!&#39;he Professors
named by
Einstein

being iiiiicharzed

were then

been elected
to the
Acadcmyg IA
Professor linstein

the complaints of
to immediately
reported to

was reported in December, 1949,


to

of mathematics

et the

Institute for

Advanced Studies

Princeton, Iew

Jersey, eknown University group

have

..--.&#39;-i~

be sprofessor

at Princeton

University,

3 On Iebruary
1950,
Atomic
13,
Commissi
the Energ
that P

A Einstein

had never

District which

advised that

been granted

means that

no formal

abeen

"-ll-O&#39;=!"-0,

$3, rm
_Energy,

&#39; from

55 5Security
u

so
51
5:
I
5&#39;

been granted

that the

the E-isnhattsn Engineer

by the

JED. They

Einstein by

52

also

the Atomic

AN had never requested the 1&#39;31


to

required under

the Atomic

Energy Act.

!he
Bureau files fail to reflectthat any
investigation has
ever

19%5=-1949; Gui-ratBiographies, 19%].94--3-4-1115-SQ!

szesazso-2; ts.1-um Webb,


Intelligence end

Security Division 1-um, New


York Gity l00-190625-1196!;Iashington

dated 100-190525-1;
a-24-45,n. so-an
at-pm.
Henry
ltonic
on
Confidential Informant TS-215; 100-353406-4:Hemorandnn

I-11&#39;. Fitch
$0 H1. Dadd dated 9--5-45, 51-7099-6:

August 301$,

Division, am,
advisedBates,
SA 2[l-&#39;5/50.

=__2==

_
1.
E &#39;
;
_5&#39;

5 *-

research,

conducted
Professor
on forEinstein
any
purpose whatsoever

&#39;9
A54.330.345.305;
5 &#39;

investigation as

clearance by

never investigated

clearance bed

Inerg Commission which


means
conduct an

aformal

he was

for fundamental

|
,
r 6

,--.-a

__,

,. 4.

I.

..

....-_._.. .-....._.....i_-

f-

&#39;
&#39; . t -

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mjgj 5,1,,cg],-j,I_=,o
&#39;
""~TIJ
i WT
" ~; ift
either the

Arevise
of the Burean files
Chairman of, umber, sponsor,

affiliated iith
13 which

10 organisations

have been cited by

reflects that
Professor Enstein
endorser, patron
or
otherwise

which
have

is

been cited by the Attorney General,

the House Committee on Un-American Activities

md

l0 shich have been cited by the California


House Committeeon Un-American
Activities, all
as being
Comnmnistic
groups. Attached are separate lists of
the
various organisations
cited by the Attorney General, the House Ocunittee on
Un-American Activities

and the California Committee

on Un-American Activities.
1

Einstein

is
also

affiliated in

one of

the categories

mentioned above

with approximately 50
miscellaneous
organisations which
have
not been cited by
any of the above-mentioned groups. Examples of the miscellaneous orgmsations
are: German-American Relief Committee for Victims of Fascism 1-T566-1868 and

l989!&#39; Rational
Council of the Arts, Sciences and Professions loo-6851.2-h and WM

100-3:51.825-200,
S, Pgs.
12,20!; International
league Against
Imperialism
Dies Committee, Volume
1,

Pg. 66$!;

Japanese-American Committeefor Democracy

00-11226-b6!: and Friends of the Spanish Republic 00-332851-31% These &#39;


gonpe__,,m_
are either
scientific,
cultural,
mud,
_,,_____
________r,
__t pacifist,
___

anti-discrimination
or
Russian
n__ __, _______H-..___,.___
-_

Professor Einstein

of Scientists

is
also

listed

for Atomic Education, the

Atomic Scientists

and
is

also Chairman

as
the

trustee for

oi the

mergency Committee

merg-, as well as other similar miscellaneous organisations.

A 1:A
I

&#39;34

_ss
ss

57

zuo enclosure; loo-355953-6, Pg.

the Association

head of the American Committee of


on Atomic

21-2673-14, Pg.

23; 100-3hhh52-68:2!

In Llovennber, 1.9146, theQnergenog Committeeof Atomic Scientists, &#39;


which Ias headed by Einstein, opened sdrive
for one million dollars
to
be need
onthe education ofthepublic
as
totheperilrromthe
atonbcmhmdto the
fact that

the only

salvation is

international control

and elimination

of Isr-

loo-190625-26111!
Einstein, as a national sponsor of the Committee for Foreign
Correspondence, has been interested in carrying on correspondence Iith scientists
located in more
than
60 foreign countries concerning international atanic
energy
control and related mtterse
&#39;&#39;hre-ugh
c@_..nittee,
this attempts are nade to keep
foreigl scientists
informed on developments in the United States in the field

of mare science. 00-350587-10,


1

Pg.
17;

100-203561-5h21, Pg.61;! _

____

-nu

rm
e
f...

{I
j

92

-e

ii}

HO
s-.---..-Q-...--Q...--.-.....i&#39;-=....
-._._--...-. --.__,. . If I _ . ,.._--=.-----4--~-w-e-we-1-p--.-.-s----1-.-n-92
-_~...&#39;,-.-v-1:-*-_-"=1---e--._-=1-.--.
-....-.- *;.&#39;_-,.-e->*~
~,-w
&#39;-.
..

-"1i""3"f;
i

__-____n_._m

gait

iW

_ n._.ini....

J
|-:

M li..

-92
.__ ..W_______.______
in -,n_____92..__h_n.

Oonecriptionissueda warningthat America.cannotremaindancers c

it the present trend toward military

control oi our institutions

continues.

8-

Binstein made an address by telephone to


s

group of 3,!!!!

Jews

assembledin NewIork on October 26, 19342under the sponsorshipor the Jewish


Council or Russian Iar
the soviet
Union

Relief.

and lauded

He
called

the scientific

on the Jews to give fullest


achievements

or the UBSR.

lid to
Be said

the Russian Governmenthonestly labored to promoteinternational security.


;
is a Jew, Einstein explained the Soviet Union was the only country in which
equality was not an npty phrase but _astandard followed in actual li.fe.i
-

Iorlcer,
Daily

10-2?-1+2,
mo-3-1!

- _

m November
ll,
1914?,
the ForeignPresslseociationoi the United
Nations made an award to Einstein as Chairman
ct

the EmergencyCommittee oral.--_

Atomic Scientists "in recogaition oi his valiant eorts

to makethe
world

nations understand the need oi outlawing atomic energy as a means of war.

January, 19113issue or "Bulletin or the item:

Scientists
,"
100--35
&#39; I5h-19!

In the February, 191.6issue oi Iulletin


1

Council

is 3%
so

54&#39;

55
56
&#39;
57

53
59

of the Atomic Scientists",

&#39;
Einstein wrote an article expressing the opinion that the United States seeks
s genuine solution to the security problem; that the veto power in the Security
has been abused but that

United

States

loans to other

countries

are

potential weaponsin our politics and represent s real danger. In


conclusion,
he said the danger or annilzilation races all nations and ;|usti.es the idea
oi "World Government." l !!-350061;-20!
A
The Fete-nary21, 191$ issue of "The Gemsn-lmericsni publihed an
article

in which renowned American pereonages, including Einstein,

took a

stand against the militarization oi the United States and in particular


against universal military training.
"The German-American"
was characterised

by the California Ganmitteeon Un--American


Activities in 19148as Oonmmist
controlled. 00-2797014-119!
_
A

1-.

-c-.-.-ew --_---v-_--we-------c-.5-rm-;

.7
.-

-7!

,-..._-. &#39;rV1.&#39;-92,-.,- .-_~~.-~..-....-,_- ,,,.-.~q..


-q- -at-Q-.-.._._-_
E._,. ,,,,,,_ ,,,,_ _J E.

-1,----c-.92.<-,-,.-9---=..aq,p.--.-Q.
M
--.._ --

f-;";1;_:-$

&#39;
? .r

Committee
to
f

Defend the.w..
Rights. or... the Twelve
Leaders.
._ n_ communist
,

-LIT

_______

_ , H

Hes
fork
liirz"-or,
9-16-119,
1w-am-=,ni.&#39;-&#39;m&#39;i*M_.v"*iBi.netein
we&#39;cnaua"as&#39;a&#39;a-eneorooar
the"Nationa1
Non-Part-lean
L/" lhi
m Fe&#39;tn&#39;o.a:ry
12, 1950 Einstein appeared by transcription

television

p1-open sponsoredby lire. Eleanor Bpoeevelt on


BB3.

mankind can be saved trom possible

general annihilation!

on a

Lb warnedthat

by banning

sJJ.

zielenceanong nationscreating esupra-nationalnubocb to decide questions

_oi immediate concernto the security or the nations."


-&#39; character" oi. the

Qbeckons

armaments race

between the

He said the llveterical

United.Statce and

Russia has

new "

assumed compulsive iorce in fashioning policiee" Ind-0000.111 theend there


more and more clearly general anninrl.
&#39;letion-i Einstein denounced the

present polio! of nations and the idea oi achieving security through national
armament. lithin
concentration oi

the United States, he


said,
the renlte
have been the
net financial
power in the military
iith the
militarization

~~-- ei youth and em "close enper92.rieion&#39;


lcygty
oi "by
more conspicuous

E
1;

56

57
58
4

5.

a police 0;-ca gronmg._..__i,._

..

He alsoindicatedlthat independentpolitical thinking

has been

intimidated andthe military eec|_1rit_hae_narrored_the_


of range
public

3 *"*"*" information.
I

every-day."

Washington Times Herald ert1c1e,2-1.3-so;

W eW
nee

-.-.-_

5 _h-Q
Q.m
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W
Alton Registration in 19b2, she gI
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snag-Q,ITQI
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as 112 lleraor

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ii-

c.

The
names
and
add:-ea:
o _,_..
EJ.pe_1"l..n,
e aubjest e-

book Q! Iaral

"in Canada.as c Soviet Agent, but was

W-

II

56
5&#39;!

appeared
in
I

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I3
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.Qgr;
isles].
noalso
reported
tohave
said
thathehad
excellent
connections
with
Professo
tel:
n

is
_1

_"&#39;"*
In 19b6, n:-4 :au1,"a German
agentwhowas active in the United States
during Io:-1d Iar
II
and whowas lmtrln
to
have reported on atomic research, had in
his possession s letter signed
by
Professor Einstein and addressedto the American
authorities responsible for U.S. internment, recommending
Dr. Haul: release.

Einsteinendhis laboratory. HIDInvestigationin Germany,


19116;
65-51329-_2S!

REL

KLLUS FUGIB

92
n&#39;
Ii
=3>
W

&#39; 2

"21

i 92,,&#39;n>

,;
52?:-&#39;
3
, .

him
to

, I
ss

na. ve Germany end had become a. H&#39;itish


subject; that Einstein
help work on the atom bomb and that he had then recently
returned

had sent for


to Bxgland.

ima

"so
so
S8

The rather of Emil Klaus Fuchs is


reported

in a newspaper article

to

have stated on February 5, 1950 that his son, whowas a liielong Oonmmist, was
released from e Canadian internment camp for enemy aliens on the recommendation of

.1

.1

W..2-

-3

0
,0
_
_
,_.__,,_.,,-,_ e~ ./ _-..--..-M-..-ee ...... -.--.l,.-_...-.7 ._, ...<- -...,,_---..~.-,4 -e-,._-- -I~A_Q-nvw
_,---.

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_-. e

UUin

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_,.__

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l
-

7__

wmu

F:

T I IL

n.
-Z

E.

speech in

Garry
Devin,

P-:l!1!t1Q@e

Paris
France,

First citizen
in
a

of the world,"

big
demonstration

in
December, 19148, nodeI.

organized under

&#39;!:;1ce
1_neric_r_1.ze,&#39;
l2-l9-LB; 614-2!-2.3l.-695!
Q

renounced

the patronage

ot

Itlwill be recalled that Davie received


considerable notoriety
when he
@"" military
so at that time as agesture-or
his U. S. citizenship
protest against
13.3.
oi tin ___world and
announced
reparations, decl ared hum e1!acitizen
___
,
plans
forthe formation of a. world government. bl:-22016!
P

ss

"so
sv
-sa

so

51

so

&#39;61 &#39;_
52 f

c 71
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r__
1!

.1

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7
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&#39;
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113 -1
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"1 7:

IHRG-.lRE&#39;lIEIGm.T 1

U. S. Immigration Ind

Naturalization

__

Service has
0.

tile on

""&#39;f"
=, &#39;2-I!

Ibrgeret
1

&#39; Ieigert,nee Bahmer,as the result or her application for epermanent win which
was denied. Ihr lneband, Fritz
Ieigert,
of Leipzig
1913
to 191:6 and as
i.
letters on

- former

570

her behalf

eolleague or

tram eeveral

was
an
eminent ecientiet at the University
i-eeult the le of
iia.i-gsret ieizert eentamed

eminent individuals

including Albert

her
husband.

Einstein,

"

-1;
4 --- ;&#39;

-- "7

---i ---_i

I--___- -....ii-_-i;i__-_-_.___.._____.

_ ___.i___ 77 _:

,-

F
50
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a
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58
59

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H..

--

C Y
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&#39;
.
&#39;
1 b
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ll_lll*_,_.,.__,92_
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1-Q
I
&#39;
&#39;
.
I

,_r-.-I-92
__._.-,--....
,-1

-,-,-_;>.--.1--
-"=- aw--~
*

}EWS

lent their

&#39;
y

Albert Einstein
inuence and

in Germany.

was one
of
many distinguished
Germans who continually
prestige
to
German Communists prior to
the
rise of
Hitler

In 1923, Einstein was amember of


the

principal committee

of the

Society of
Friends of
New Russia, whose objective. was the promotion of
cultural
relations between
Germany and Russia. He
was also
one
of the leaders of
the
Iorld Congress
of
the
AntiImperialist League,
a subsidized
affiliate of
the

Communist International

which
met

at Frankfort,

Germany, July 20, 1929.

1-

&#39;75821298
492;
p. 65-44824-524Encl. p. 15; 61-7099-1!

33
H

at----it the
time Einstein
was attemptingi-o
"enter the United Statesn
1932;-~
the Woman Patroit Corporation,
Washington, D. 0., filed
charges with the State
Department protesting
the admission of
Einstein
to
the
United States.
The formal
charge in substance was to the effect
that
Einstein believed
in or was affiliated
with Commmmist groups which advocate the overthrow by force or
violence of
the
_

overnment of the United States;that&#39;l1e&#39;*admitted11iattit1fde*ware1?oltiE1wary

and his position illegal,


and that he believed in or advocated asystem cf
organized sabotage
against all
preparations
of
the
United States
to defend its
existence. 1-7099-1!
,
In February,
1937, Einstein
declared that
he felt
ashamed that the
democratic nations
had failed
to su port the Loyalist Government
of Spain.

1-7561-6515;York
"New
Times",
2/1;/3&#39;2!

,,__
- 1

The records
that Einstein

I
5

of
the

was recommended

Military Intelligence
for clearance

Division of

in connection

the Armnr revealed

with the

"limited field

of study for which


his
services were
needed."
The Navy Department gave its assent,
but in aletter
dated July 26, 1940, General Strong stated that
the Army could
not

clear Einstein.

0-29546-2! &#39;

In 1947, Einstein publicly


stated that the French Communist Party was
~55
the only real Party in France with asolid
organization and aprecise program.
In this
public statement,
which
appeared
in the French
newspaper in
&#39;56Paris, Einstein was critical ofthe United States Communist
military policy
and expressed

.57
58

the opinion

that international

00-7660-4.252 p.

inspection would

be
insufficient

to preserve

peace.

1,
10!

- In
Hay,
1943,
Professor Einstein and "ten former Nazi research braintrusters," held
a secret meeting at which they put on asbestos suits and watched

@-

C Z1,
as

I ---

&#39;I_ &#39;

I-

4-I

_..
.

7; A.-1--79.-n&#39;<
-_._ --__
- :;~-_-.-._-._
. _-.
s. -I --...-.--.,--.-.,..e-..-_r<-...--~-,-- 1.1-,
--- .....-

15*

I-.
..

b.

-4,----=~ 4l_4-3292"&#39;*&#39
.- ----

, __
&#39;-

or

"

"re

.";,-1-5;?

IanersndunIr.
toFletcherfrm D. Ieay dated
February 13.
1950

This ettaclmmt
setsforth
Hnsteinll

&#39;-92_1 ~

v
i"|$.|

huzoru-y degrees
end citations.-

Pege 1et nunorendul.!


. Professor Einstein has received degreesfrom the
following
Universities:

_,

Geneva
Oxford 1

Cambridge
lianchester

Princeton &#39;
Paris

7Madrid

1.
4Ti

-I 5;

&#39;1

Bastoek &#39;

Buenos jires
Zurich
. Ieshiva
.-..
- Harvard

London
Brussels

1.
-1
-r
,-.
u

In
1948, he receivedthe
One Iorld award.
-In

February, 191.9.

Ghaiman Leon
Simon
inJerusalemconveyed greetings.
to Einsteinon
his

70th
birthday

from the
Hebrew University, andalso conveyed
an
honorary

degree. HereceivedsNobelPrize in
physics in
1921; the Copley
lledal
of Ibyal Societyin1925; and theFranklin Institutelledalin
1935.

2*:
5...

56
57 "

SB
59i 4/-&#39;/0-/v%

> 92

---1-.
-

,.

C
"1"
-

:15
1!
11&#39;

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&#39;

"""-

-"&#39;

~ w

---- .----1-

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I!id -_

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r**--"~*~vr***~*~~
~{-ere-~~~<-w~<--View. ---oi-_!,-_ea.__nn__--_o
%_.__

rm-

F
p

l": 2*;-_

_ DUI

I3
I4

llemorandum
to Hr. Fletcher from Hr. Keay
dated

February13, 1950

This attachment
sets forth the organizations
cited
by the U. S. LttorneyGeneral
with winchEinstein
is
in some
wayconnected.
"&#39;SeePage
3
oi memorandum.!
CITED BY U. S. LTTORNEY GENEREL

Organization
American

Committee

Protection
American

to
for

of Foreign

Council

for

_ Connection

___g_%

_g___

KB-_ocu.p1entation
Z__
gm

100-7o1;6-11414

Sponsor
Born

~----~~-

-100-B13-5___...a___.o

National

Democratic Greece
7?
.-|

American League Against


Var

and Fascism

Civil

1.

Council

Rights

Congress

on African

Affairs

Bzdorser
at
Convention

National

Sponsor

Message of Greetings

61-101119-A Worker,
1-15-419
109-3-T7-A

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55

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57

61-7559-Q25?P3

International

Lab tr Defense

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Joint .lnti-1"e.scist
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Refugee

11-

Message of Greetings

no-3798-1 "Worker,"
10-1J.-1:2 .

Sponsor

100-T061-1063

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Xcay dated Fehu-uni?13 1950

the organizatimacited by
the

ActivitiesGamnittee
with
which
Page3 of nnorendun.!

G_I!l&#39;IID
BY HOUSI

""

""

Housetln-fitlmcri

Einsteinis in some
my connected:
I?-3&#39;
See
92.
""

2;1}
Lla-

Cl_iOQIV_I_!E_I!_
Gonnec tion

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Keey dated February 13, 1950


cited
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some my connected.

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.

&#39;| ~. &#39;|Plge3ofnunorendum.!
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CITE! BY
CJLIPGBHIL GOJHITTII
OI
U13-MLBICAF LUTIYITIE &#39;" " U,

Oonnectio onD.

Oz-5&1 setion

&#39; Supporter
of protest

tor

Spanish Freedom
American Committee
Jewish Writers,
end Scientists

&#39;

with which
Einstein

Aneriosn Committee

92

__

if! .h,.i...,..__........h

______

ms em-una"&#39;a=-ga=1*zitime

In-American Lctivitiee

___

Gonmittee of

Document

160-120318-1963

&#39; Honorary
President 100-181-|.h-89-1

of
Artiste,

Daily Yorker.

Original eponsor

One aoueenl

April 19. 1911-8


100-3531|.Q5..;
"Uaehin.gton !&#39;inel
Herald" ,J enuery

ii__ii_*h._ h

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Hollywood Anti-Iezi League Sponsor

Independent Citizens Director


Committee of
Bcienoee and

the Arte,
Professions

55
=n

to A15

Lrtiltl and

of

61-1532-1295. rs.

1139

llenber

100-332k21-3, pg. 2

Bponeor

100-336592-92+20

8_-poneorr

61-75sa-129$, pg. 1172

Scientists

Progressive Oitigzens

of

kaerice.

Elbe American

100-158610-2

100--3-EIQE-Hp. U41

Bponeor

Spanish Dmoorecl
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---&#39;~""--Hotion Picture Artists -ll---lponeor


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Miastuiilnl.
inld reeierdlvmet P:-ales-nor
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pert

bednothini:
In do

withgeveioplnl
theetomic
bomb
and"should
havebeendew"-H!

7_

far me @~._1&#39;mi92.1_=nt_I92.-h=
e-ct-ivitiel
-years&#39;l<I15&#39;."
&#39;.*" * &#39;
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He denounced
as bunk&#39;1Iingtein&#39;e
propose!
for s worldew-

I-:""

ernmentto wevent en atomicII-I

.-

&#39;
that mieht 1rine"out mankind.

scientist: deem-ed Einstein. 5


tn!-turntned citimen ot_Germen

.birth.&#39;
had "inst about
or
*
to do" with mekin: possible U. 8.

""" &#39;

developmentot the atom lamb.

Bis eieuiein-mule.
proved
the

equivalenceoi enert! end matter. ,

and eleu-ed the II!

I01 uniockinl

1-

the atom: nucleul. j.


I1nlte.92n&#39;|
-world

to
In: au
He pi
k
P

Record
e

is "simply any-.
unlit 1ine."_
-consrelionei

report which the Home

committeeon un-Americaneutivi-,1"
tie: prepared at hll redueet. It
citedthe ueientist
ee
harm: but
enoeil-ted:Iihaeven1
nlleeeil
Oommunlsttrout-1..including the
Gangrene
nl &#39;Amerlean-Soviet
PrlendJh1p_
md the gpint AntiPncist Refugee eommmee.
e

57
58
59
50

I-ienkin cited the rei92nrt_


as evl-l
deuce that Ilnst-eln "lies"
&#39;been

ensuedin ooxnmunl-etlc
eevlthl

in this country-_for
e
lonetime. .
-"Everlluee he publishedhisboot
on reietivitnto tr! to convincethe

world that l1|ht_hed_


weight.he
has oenltelized1-lwnhis I1!-eled
reputationes n&#39;,ecientilt."
!_unn&#39;
inventon. He

bed no more-in do

withdevelopment
of
the

bonibt.l_1_ap
11there hadn&#39;t?
such |. mini. amerieii ieietisti
develo
bomb.and old ink

anm

to

92

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Iou
also

3
5|

commentedthat we showd develop the information Ihich

ieeted that Professor Einstein my have had somecontact with @L_],_1ans


__ghs, Iho was recently arrested in England as a Sovietsespionage agent. Pur-

suant to your instructions,

Ihere

this
rill

be done.

In regard to
cczsnsnt concerning the {act that 3-on Md new
cw-=
that&#39;Einete:Ln
was the one who requested Fuchs! assignment
to
him in

England and asked, llhat about thisi",


Bureau tiles
in England.

you are advised that our review of ae

did not disclose


that
Einstein requested Fuchs I assignment
to
him
However, the Bureau"tiles oontained&#39;the
Iolloling
data concerning

linetein&#39;einterest

in Fuchs:

I219
&#39;
"ii
,;_

had sent for him to help work on the at


bomb
returned

subject;
that
and that he had than

to xglande

"

_-A

In addition,the
55

Times-Herald,
onF

6, 1950,

reported that the tether of Ehnil aus


Fuchs stated on February 5, 1950, that
his son, who was a lifelong Communist, Ias released from a Canadian internment
camp for enenw aliens on the recommendation or Einstein who did not Imow Fuchs

&#39;56
was a Communist.

1"921chs&#39;
father

also

said that

Professor

Einstein,

after

reading

the younger Fuchs papers on nuclear energy, consideredhim valuable to the Allied

Ii
I.

_ I

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Reference is nade to ny nenorandrn to you dated

February 15, 1950 enich furnished a sumnaryof pertinent information /

intheBureau
filesconcerning
thecaptioned
individual.
You
noted

1
>

on this memorandum:Igloo
I

"

1/-

recently sat a etateinent to effect that e member

_of his eflnily


wasin
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Ins his
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FOIPA DELETED
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E Deleted
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material available for release to


you.

Information
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El

Information
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Documentlsloriginatingwith the followinggovernment


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